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THE FARMER : FEBRUARY 12, 1915
GEHMAN RED CROSS DOGS USED TO SAVE LIVES OF -UNDISCOVERED WOUNDED SOLDIERS UMBRELLrAS BEDROOM CLOCKS for men and women. Guar anteed rainproof with mis sion wood handles.- Some Nickel, or Gilt finish, good timekeepers. Guaranteed for one year. tyZa Value ,75c. yUvK, are German silver trimmed. Valu $1.00. 159c Sale- Price EACH r l 1 Tk r . I oaie trice j each limit, one to customer - - 4?J "--tf f- i EMO 5 . r . , , ; 'TJH -i ' QECHAH - RXP CROSS METMSOaS 7 THEIR. REP CROSS UOOS - -.- "J ""5 oiicuuoyiv uy kbu urusa memoera ia searen tor wounoea soldiers alter Dat- .- tlea la cases where tha men have fall en, in woods-and ditches and have been ttndiscovered or left for dead.' The dogs tomfr-flut Ihs wounded soldiers, and' this often, results In saying the,' victims': llves ; i. t,, -,r' ; -.: THIJ CRTJSADE FOR WAGE TuxXV S. ProgTess Hangs On Supreme Court Icision in , MintamuM Wage i ,. Case..,,,.;,; , . FLORENCE KEUCjEX. Secretary, ' ' Xatiosial ' Consumers' ; , , . Jjeaeua. : r . -rr The decision of the United States supreme court In the pending- case of the Oregon ' minimum wage law may reasonably be expected during the i winter, the oral "argument having been beard on December 17. 1914. Should this ' decision be averse, there would necessarily follow a di version of energy to they task.: of changing the constitutions In order that American . women , may , be pro tected against destitution while working,.-as hundreds of thousands of wage-earning men ?and , -womeoi in Australia,' New Zealand, 'and England already axe protected, It, however,. as is confldentljr hoped, the decision proves to be a favorable one,, a nation-wide effort for the ven actment of Statutes modeled more or less exactly upon that of, Oregon will immediately. follow. . During the yeax 1915, forty legislatures will be in session. State Commissions. minimum, swage. ' legislation . in t the United' States is thus timely. Such legislation was a favorite subject throughout 1913, and state ' commis sions were' authorized to establish wage-rates tn California, Colorado, Minnesota,! Nebraska, Oregon, "Wash ington, and Wisconsin. - Commissions were authorized to prpsecute inquiries as to the, desirability, of such legls lation, or as. to, the . living wage of women and,, minors, in- Illinois,- In diana, Ohio, and Connecticut. -.- In 1916, New "ST ork,: Missouri and Mlchl- gan have made public the results of such inquiries.1 ' Utah- dispenses' 'outright with com mission and wage boards, and estab lishes a flat rate bf wages epecined, in the 'statute-fbr girls 14 to 16 Vears of age, for minors over 16 years, and for Adult women. . The commissions of Oregon, Wash ington, Massachusetts, and Minnesota have during 1913 and 1914, promul gated wage-rates, and the difficulties peculiar to 'our system of legislation are now conspicuously manifest. American Jjaws Compared With For- The outstanding characteristics of American minimum wage legislation compared with that J of England, Aus tralia, and New Zealand are three: The first is its omission of men; the second is its reference to the welfare of the people as a whole; the third, which is responsible for both the oth ers, ia .Its -subordination to the ..courts on s grounds -,of constitutionality, en tailing the practice of -placing upon American states the burden of .proof that they "are acting within their po lice powers when they create state; wage ' commissions ' and .-wage bpards or conferences.., In several .states' the name, "industrial v commission," or "industrial welfare commission." is delibeisttelj -intended to -'suggest' that here is no apparatus intended merely to ..facilitate haggling- between; J: em ployers and -employes, but an . organ of ' the -whole of , Bociety created to' serve the whole, by protecting the health - and . morals of women , and minors.1-- - , Many of the laws provide that the commissions or wage boards shall, in clude in' their membership -repr'eBen-tatives of a the public as well as of employers and employes, and . some specify that Nat least one member shall be a woman. . Despite these precautions, however, progress is for the moment halted. Until the decision of the United States supreme court becomes known,' ho legislature is likely to experiment farther in the new field. But this is not all. The Minnesota wage-rate es tablished October 23, 1914, toi become effective November 23, has been-met by a temporary injunction issued by. Judge Catlin, ..of the second judicial district of Minnesota, on the grounds that, "the questions presented are important and, doubtful," and ,. ,the pending decision in, the Oregon case will "doubtless dispose ..of all " the. main .questions involving . the Min nesota statute." Two Sources of Oppositibn.' ' f Some opposition to minimum wage legislation has expressed itself on the part of employers who restrained as counsel against it, 'Rome1 Q. Brown, of -Minneapolis, to represent them be fore the supreme court of the United States. v, V More surprising opposition is found here and ther0, aftsong 'Oabor leaders. In the United States, Samuef Gorop ers and Hugh Fr'ayne in the east, and a small group of members of San Francisco labor unions have vigor ously opposed all wage boards legis lation for men, and have exercised a mildewing influence upon such effort even when confined to women. Because in Australia, wage deter minations were enforced by the Courts of Industrial Arbitration, these American labor leaders oppos ed them , as , a part of their . general dislike of compulsory arbitration dislike rooted in ' their long, and dire experience of American courts. This objection is, however,' less Intelligible when,' under the newer wage: laws. compulsion- Is confined to the em ployers, who must pay at least the agreed wage, though no worker need accept it. -Another possible 'explanation' ''of their hostility may be found in ' a calculation that in' the long' run, the power -of the unions may be under mined if unorganized- workers -can get through wage commissions such improved rates as have in . the past been attainable - only ' through labor organizational . - iSliS x ms reasoning is aiscreaitea ty the facts.. -For in the brief experiencei of Massachusetts, the- conspicuous fea ture is the impetus given-to workers in- the candy and , brush trades to form organizations -where none had been before. In. 'Australia, labor or ganization seems, to have kept step with the march Of the wage boards and, in" England, the first labor, or ganization of women in the nail and chain Industry accompanied the .crea tion of the first wage board, though the trade is so old that 'womei in it solemnly told the writer, a generation ago, that their "forbears had maede , v ESTABLISHED IN 18S6 THE JACKSON BOOK SHOP SATURI)Y::-SPEGIALS ' The prices quoted below are verinuch lower than regular prices and are for a SATUBDAY ONLY i - 4, :y A L E IT TINES-" 2 PRICE BOOKS 10c VALUES. TO 50c f. CALENDARS, 1915 ALENDARS. values to 25c! . . , . . . 5c CALENDARS, values to 50c ....... 10c :BOO K S 2 5 c VALUES TO $1.50 CREPE P APE R j 3 ROLLS FOR 10c J OOKS 50c', VALUES TO $2.50 ATLAS of the WORLD $2.00 VALUE $1.00 j T y P E TfR I T E R P A P E R ,. . . 500 SIIEETS 812x11 . ;'. '! 23c' - f ' TY P E W R I T E R P. A P E R . l.OOO; SECOND SHEETS ''r . 35c 986 AIN STREET THE GREATEST MONEY SAVIN G- EVENT THIS CITY HAS EVER SEEN You will never again buy j new merchandise at such low prices WATCH OUR WINDOWS every day for Specials Not Advertised ! ! HOSIERY AT LOOM END PRICES Women's Out Size Hose, with ribbed top, medium weight, in black, white and OJT natural. Value 17c. Vxu 2 Sale price ... ... . . .J pair Women's Cotton Hose, fast black, double heel and toe, garter top. Value 12 l-2c. Sale price ........ Men's Silk Hose, weiarht. with ,high heel, double sole and toe, in black, white, gray, navy and tan. i AAA Value 39c. &U, Sale price . '. . . . .... .J pair Women's Burson Hose, In lisle and medium weight, in regular and out; sizes: fast black. These are seconds of the 25c , , ouality.; - IflC Sale price- . ..... 1 tatr 18c J PAIR heavy.' spliced WINTER WEIGHT I . ;x. UNDERWEAR FOR THE LOOM END SAOE Women's Silk and Wool Vests, low neck, sleeve- VaTue 98c. ' l44C Sale price . ....... . J EACH -J EACH Women's " White Fleece Lin ed Union Suits, . high neck, long sleeves, ankle length. Value 50c. bale price . Children's Union Suits, cream color; also Shirts and Drawers, 2 to 10 ' - -f y years. Value 25c. UL f price ...... J each Sale Men's Fleece Lined Shirts and Drawers,- heavy weight, odd sizes. i Value 50c. : , sale price .......... . j SHIRT WAISTS All this season's newest styles, some are of crepe de chine, others of Jap silk, in wnite and colors. Sale quints, uiiicra tJi -jap siiiv ill white and colors. ifft Value up to $2.00, t$l. Sale price . . . . . . . j each SATEEN PETTICOATS ; Extra fine quality with tailor-made flounoc in a large variety of colors. lOCa Value $155. x OdC Sale price J each WOMEN'S HOUSE DRESSES Made of the best quality of dress gingham and cham bray, in high and low neck. Value $1.2o. Ottic pnye . . . . ..... ij EACH LONG KIMONOS Of duckline fleece, with shirred back, assorted de signs. Value $1.00. . Sale price . . '. . 1 1 dm 90e J EACH 169c ' j T OTT MUSLIN UNDERWEAR AT LOOM END PRICES jiuiuciy j - J EACH t Women's Night Gowns, made of, firm quality muslin with lace, and embroidery trimmed neck and sleev.es. Value 50c. Sale Price Corset Covers of extra fine quality muslin, 'with lace or embroidery trimmed neck' and sleeves. . i4An Value 25c. ; llllC Sale price . . . . . ',-.... each Women's Muslin Skirts, of quality muslin. The flounce is om. imported embroiderv with under ruffle. Value $2.00. o i ottie .price . j ' EACH Corset Covers ,of fine muslin , with lace and embroiderv trimming. . 1 i Co Value 21c. , ;-At Sale price .......... i wrm-n emuroiuerv ' J ' EACH Children's Hose, fine ribbed, 3-ply ' he el and toe, medium -weight, in black, and white, s 4 f Value '15c. J Sale price . . v . .J PAm Men's Cotton llose, me dium weight, double heel and toe, in .black and white . H 1 Value 12 l-2c. ; ; Sale price .....J pair Women's Out Size Silk Hose, with high spliced heel, double sole and toe, in black?.- only. ue39c. -V.25C Price . . , J pair Women's Silk Hose, with highr spliced heel, double- sole and toe. lisle ;, garter top in black only. Hun oi tne mills. Value 50c. Sale price . . , 125 c - I PATR BIG REDUCTIONS IN Women's Cha mois Gloves in white and na tural, one but ton, ; washable, all sizes. Value $1.0 0. Sale price - S0c PAIR FOR THE LOOM The New Auto 'Clove' with strap wrist but ton. Extra fine quality kid in black, white and tan. Value-$2.00.- Sale price $1.50 PAIR -END SALE 16 Button Kid Glove. .Very soft, and pli able. Perfect g 1 o v e, - every pair guaran teed. In white only. Value $2. Sale price $1.48 PAIR - Women's Pique and Over- teamed Gloves. ! x t r a f i n e quality. Every pair guaran teed in white only.. Value - $1. Sale price 79c PAIR WQMEN'S-12 AND 16 BUTTON ' : ; KID GLOVES !;--. these 'are a collection. of our soil ed and mended Gloves. W7IZ Values up to $2.00. Sale ;price . . j r att? WOMEN'S .aiAMOISETTE " ' ; " : GLOVES ; heavy quality in white, and grey. Value 39c. .Sale priced:;. .' .':. '. . . .'.' . .'. . 22c J PAIR Skirts. The new wide styles with deep flounce of imported embroid ery, handsome designs ; twelve ; different pat terns 1o choose from. Value $1.50, ifi Sale . . .iclc Price .'.., .j each Combination Corset Cover and Drawers, of fine muslin with lace and embroidery trim-, ming. Value 75c. f y&&H ' Sale price TT . . . .. j suit Women's Drawers, of fine muslin, with - em broidery ruffle. lQff Value 50c. i-tJ Sale price ... . . . j pair Women's - Corset Cov ers, made of fine nain sook,' trimmed with im ported emfiroidery, handsome de- i signs v aiue oue. SHEETS, PILLOW CASES, TABLE DAMASK, NAPKINS, TOWELS AND NEW-SPRING WASH GOODS AT -7 LOOM END SALE -'i'-VFruit of the Loom BLEACHED COTTON 36 inches wide. This well known Brand of Cotton made to retail for 10c. Sale price - v Limit 10 yards to customer - r None sent C. ' O.- D. ' T Yard Huck .Towels large size, plain whit" with figured center, hemmed. A A a Value 15c. ; ' VlllC Sale price , . r . - - . . . .J each Bleached Sheets, size 72x90, made of firm quality cotton, with seam in the center, 3 and 1 inch hems. ' Value 50c. Sale price . . . .v. . . . . ... . , - . ,t , Limit, 4 ' to customer 25c ) EACH :185c - - J. EACH Mercerized Table Cloth, 10-4 size, made of fine quality da mask. in a large assortment of patterns. Value $1,25. oaie price . . . , ... ., . . .. j EACH Mercerized Napkins, size 18 xlo, fine quality, assorted patterns, hemmed. Value 10c. . v Sale price j each Bleached Pillow Cases, size 42x38, made, of firm muslin, with 3-inch hem. . , i f 3a Value 10c. 'W4 Sale price ......... j each Limit, 10 yards to customer - Bleached Table Damask, 58 inches wide, heavy quality, assorted patterns.' Y0Ktf Value 25c..' i v vfitlv Sale price t . v . v . . J yard Bleached Twill Toweling, with red border, for dish or roller towels. y Q Value 5c. y Sale price, . . . .'.,.-'.. .' T.u?p Limit, 6 to customer 'Pillow - Tubing,- 45 inches wide, extra heavy quality, lengths trom 2 to - yaros. vaiue uc. ( .j Sale price ... J vvwt Apron Gingham, in blue checks, fast; colors, ' firm lo. - "V 13-fc Sale pru . . k , . J YARI) Limit, J0 yards to customer American ;, Shirting Prints, best quality,-warranted fast colors, suitable for house dresses or aprons. f 1 Value 7c. I - SJ Sale price ... ... :... Yaf:d BED SPREADS Crochet M a r seilles a 1 1 e r n, ringed, wit h , c u t corners; large size Value $155. Sal price 98i CROCHET BED SPREADS M a r seilles patterns, assorted de signs, large size, (. hem med ready to use. Val. , $.1.00. Sale price 85c 3 IT PAYS TQ PAT CASH. C ' The Store That Refunds Vour Money Without Asking QuesUons. We IcllTer Free to Any Part of - Bridgeport, Fairfield 1 or Stratford. COR., MAIN and GOiPEN BILL STREETS HUCK TOWELS large - size, heavy qual ity, red b.or , dor, ." hem med , ready to use. Val. 8c. Sale price 5 Bleachrd Seamless Sheets size 8Lv.0. made of firmv qual ity cotton with 3 and ' 1-inch hems. Value 65c. Sale price Each th' chain mail for Kins Arthur and hia knighta." v These cireumstaneea tne exwaor dinarv cowers of the courts, and the attitude of certain labor leaders ex plain the state of the movement tor minimum was - laws ia America compared .with England and Aus tralia. The ease now pending before the United States supreme court to determine the constitutionality of the Oregon minimum wage law will set tle the fate, for years to come, . of effort in "this Held, If the law is up held, consumers In search of ease of conscience and social workers striv ing to reduce all . that ' portion of tuberculosis, insanity, vice and pre mature death which they believe to be directly due to underpay, will carry forward with renewed aeal the crusade for wage laws. If the Oregon law is upheld then the . Ohio' constitution will loom up with its provision, adopted by a pop ular vote in 1912, authorizing the legislature to fix working hours and wage rates and prohibiting any con struction of the instrument itself in conflict with this prohibition. When ever the people of Ohio may care to avail themselves of it, the broad wording of this clause admits men. The constitutional convention of New York state, which will meet in April, will be urged to imitate the example of Ohio, and to adopt a modification of the Ohio clause, to be submitted in November, 1918, to the voters of the greatest Industrial state in the Union. ALMANAC FOB TODAY Sun rises tomorrow San sets today .... High water i ...... . Moon rises ..... Low -water ....... . 6:50 a, m. 5:B8 p. m. 10:0t a. m. 0:OT a. m. '4:15 p. tn. IXTKRNATIONAIj EGG LAYINC CONTEST.' The hens in the laying contest at' Storrs are just beginning the second quarter. They have now passed the" twenty thousand egg mark, ' This does not mean that they will lay only eighty thousand eggs during the year because it is expected that they will lay perhaps more than twice as many eggs in . the second three . months of the -competition Ithan in the - first three. In other vwords there will be more sprinting in the matter of pro ducing eggs in . the coming three months than in any other period of the year. The total production for the fourteenth week was 134 eggs less than for the preceding week but almost exactly the same as for the corresponding week last year there being a dinerence of only eight eggs in favor of the present contest or a yield of 2,043 for the week. The same three pens of 1 Wyan dottes that made a clean sweep : of the first three places last week were able to repeat in the fourteenth week except that they were in a little dif ferent order. The Storrs " Station's sour milk pen of Whites won first and not only that but their yield of 49 eggs equals the best weekly record to date- made by Wlndsweep Farm's Leghorns in the second week of the contest back in November, Tom Barron's English pen were a close second with a yield of 48 eggs and Merrythought Farm's pen of Colum bians from Columbia, Conn., were third with 43. It is a very interesting coincident that at the beginning of the second quarter of the competition a , large number of pens are exactly tied; thus a Massachusetts pen of White Rocks and a Missouri pen of White Leg- thorns are deadlocked at 168 each. A Connecticut 1 pen of Reds, a Connec- necticut pen of Leghorns, and one of the Rural New Yorker's "Favorite Hen." pens are all tied at 163 each. A Connecticut pen of Leghorns and a pen of the same breed froia New York are tied at 200 egga each. A Connecticut pen of Barred Rocks, a Pennsylvania pen of Leghorns and a Connecticut pen of Leghorns are all tied at 283 each. Another New York and Connecticut - combination, both White Leghorns,' are tied at 229 eggs each. The Storrs Station's sour milk pen of Barred Rocks is tied with a Connecticut pen of Leghorns at 244. A Connecticut pen of White Wyan dottes and a Massachusetts pen of Buffi Wyandottes are deadlocked at 284 each. . A Connecticut pen -of White Wyandottes and a Pennsyl vania pen of White Leghorns are paired at 292. . v ., The ten leading pens to date are as follows: Ed Cam, Hoghton, near Preston, England, White Wyandottes 524 Hillview Poultry Farm, St. Al bans, Vt., Rhode Island Reds 464 Merritt M. Clark, Brookneld Cen ter, Conn., Barred Rocks, 411 Colonial Farm, Temple, N, H Rhode Island Reds, 3 SI A, P. Robinson, Calverton, N, Y-. White Leghorns, jgj Neale Bros., Apponaug, R. I., White Wyandottes, . 3S8 Storrs Exp. Station, - (Sour' mill? pen). White Leghorns, 86T Pinecrest i- Orchards, Groton, Mass., Rhode Island Reds, . -853 Frank I , Tuttle, Southboro, Mass., Barred Rocks, . 34S H, B. HiUer, UnlonvUle, Conn.,, American Dominlques, . 838 ' The ten leading Connecticut pens to date ate as follows:" Herrlt M. "Clark, Brookfleld Cen ter, Barred Rocks, ' , 411 H. B. Killer, UnionviUe, Ameri can Pominiques, 33 S Wimdsweep ' Farm, . Redding Ridge, White Leghorns, 330 Merrythought Farm, Columbia, Columbian Wyandottes. 325 Mrs. J, D. Beck, , Canaan, White Wyandottes, v 314 F. M. Peasley, Cheshire, White Leghorns, " 30S Harry B. Cook, Orange, Rhode . Island Reds, St3 J. F, Byron, WflHmantic, White Wyandottes, 292 Springdale Poultry- . Farm," Pur ham, Rhode Island Reds, 2 90 Merrythought Farm, Columbia, White Wyandottes, 28 4 WEATHER FORECAST New "Haven, Feb, 12 Voro , cast; Unsettled tonight, Saturday fair and slightly eolder. Connecticut: Partly cloudy and colder totiig-ht and Saturday. Fresh west winds. , A disturbance which is passitis; put the St. Lawrence valley is causing unsettled weather witii local rains and mild temperature la the northeastern districts. An- the disturbance which is een. tral over Colorado is causing un settled weather with local rains between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi river. The tempers cre la lower along lh -northern border of the west ern and central districts.- Whits River, Can., reported 2S desreps - below srro, which makes a fall of 46 degrees during the last 21 hours. Chester W. Witters, vice-prefi at of the central Vermont Railway,, i.e i of pneumonia., aged '79.