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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 13, 1915
HUMAN INTEREST NOTES FOUND IN THE LATEST WAR BULLETINS Ceoi",e iilcoiioiiciizes. London, Feb. 13. King George Is setting- an" example of economy in wartime to his subiects. much as Em peror "William ia floins in . Germany. M. Cedar d, the head chief at Bucking ham Palace, has agreed to accept a 50 per cent, reduction in his salary dur ing the war.' "His salary. -was $12,500 per annum, so the reduction will save the King's private purse $6,250 a year. , The cooking at the palace is now . of- the plainest' -character and of a kind that might be found in, any fairly well-to-do house. It could, be per- formed Quite efficiently by one of the assistant , cooks.. . The average daily cost of the royal dinner prior to the war was estimated at $4.65. The number . of persons .excluding he "King Hand Queen, and members of,, the ' royal s family, who oine at mo roycu taoie is usually three. - ' . ' " ' .. ..""-' -". " -."'.' ,'" 7 v There ' were -twelve 'assistant, male cooks at-the palace, before j the war. Of these, seven enlisted, but the pres ent staff Is still far larger than is. re- fqulred. -. .. . -s . ' fkramhto For Ship Policies. -i Ix)niori. Feb. 1 $.ir-Uoyds witnessed lav scene of - excitement on Friday V around the - insurance market where, on account c the rush of business, the clock was ' turned. " back"; and the clos ;Ing time postponed two hours. : The demand for , ' insurance- was (ceased, by the German threat of sub 1 marine activity bagicaiiig Feb. -1 8, and. i owners were anxious to. get fully in i siawd before rates advanced further. i "V Xtaiy o Lower Bread Cost. " : ! Bona, Feb. 1 S. A royal decree regulating ' the sale of flour, and! the ' baking of . bread,. which is intended to remedy the scarcity , of wheat and I lower the cost of bread, will sTaortly be ! signed by the KItng. - . Rnfes Ctty Once His Homo., ; Paris, Feb. 13. The : Fig-.iro an Bounces that, the German military commander of the French icity ; of . -To-urcoing Is Major v O. Kapstein, who for many years was a wealthy woolen ' dealer of that city. : He left 'France shortly before- the outbreak of the war; but returned soon as an officer In command of hostile troops who Invad ed and occupied the , city which had been his home and where he acquir-" ed his fortune. J . .. . Kapstein's .name still appears 'to the i business directory of France.. ...... Czar Captl-res EeHeved. . , .. v Peking;' Feb IS. American (Eed Cross agents report that medical sup plies furnished', by., their organization have been distributed among the 150, 000 German and Austrian war 'prison ers in Siberia.;- .v. r '. This work is being done by Russian agents, inasmuch as the 'Russian Gov ernment refused to permit an -American ' expedition . from Peking j to visit the prison, camps.' ' Swiss Jfow Look to fs. " Berne, Feb.' IS. --Switzerland is, tak ing a -very serious view of Germany's threatened , blockade of England, for innEivToun EIEUS LE1TER ' 05peclal to The Farmer.). '.. Newtown, Feb. 13. . There was a neighborhood party at : the pleasant home of Mr. - and Mrs. Iavia Tt. abriskie of - Hawleyville. on Wednseday night whlch. was the oc casion of much pleasure to alL. Music, j dancing and a. bountiful ; repast were ' features of the evening. ... r ', i Station Agent Jesse A. James who ils the -representative .from the first . voting district of Newtown in the Gen- era! 'Assembly, .is a candidate; for , .the position "Of County : Auditor, and is ac tive in hisc andidacy. There are seven democrats froam - Fairfield County: in the legislature this session. . ; Miss Kate Gaffneytof Main street is visiting her; sister Mrs. J. B. Neagle ; of ."Waterbury.. -. - v - ' Mr. and Mrs. John O. Pitzschler of rayton street have 'been entsrtaining Mrs. ; Pitessehler's sister and brother. Miss Mildred, and- James ' Baird of Bridgeport, this week. , - , , The . present officers of. the Sandy : Book band are H. N. Oppe, Sr" man ager; John 0. Pitzschler secretary and treasurer; and . H. G. ; . "Warner ' band director. The active members ; of the, organization numbers- sixteen, all of whom practice-' regularly each week. . - - - - i- ' ' ' ' : ' - The dance of the "Jolly Two" at the town hall last night was a success "in every way. - ; Newtown society gener ally patronized the affair and entered into -it 'with.'- aizest - that always pre cedes the lenten.- season in. town.. 'Tickets' are- selling - fast for the whist and informaf dance of the " St. Rose's Social Circle to be given at ' St. Mary's hall on the evening of Feb ruary 16. .. r ' . ' ' ' The Misses Catherine and Marga ret Blake were in Bridgeport yester day. '',;-..- : - . '-".!-.-.; ' - " -'...' .The "Woman's". Missionary ; Travel -club of the Congregational church will resume its interesting travelogues next "Wednesday afternoon, rFeb. 17, at " the .home ,of Mrs. L. C. Morris. A bevy of bright misses will assist Mrs. , Gi W. Carlson and ' Mrs. Jesse , C. Woodhull in the "Call bf the Natives". All of the impersonators will be dress ed in appropriate" costumes. Mrs. Carlson will furnish the mental pab ' olum ' in the theme. "The Indian of Yesterday." - Every one is invited to come and to bring a friend along. -The High and public schools in - town were in session Friday, Lincoln Day. r but ; will observe - Washington's Birthday. Exercises appropriate to Lincoln! Day were the' order of the many ! leading. Swiss industries will be still more hard:hit than they are now. The leading commercial newspaper, the Nieue Zuercher Zeltung, says: . "Germany's bark is probably worse than her bite, but she threatens neu tral countries, " and consequently it is to be hoped that German submarines as far -as possible will -avoid sinking neutral ships. Germany probably Is sued the proclamation to . avoid com plaints should the ; submarines sink any neutral shipping. All hopes are now fixed on America. - Kitchen Pans for Krupp. Paris, 'Feb. 18. The Germans ap pear to be taking' drastic steps to deal with the shortage of metal. Every thing which i can be melted down and turned -into shells or bullets is finding its way to the Krupps. .. .The German authorities . are even encouraging the German housewife to contribute to Krupps her superfluous pots and pans. .. A wounded German, who. is a prisoner here, received a letter the other day. from his , aged mother, who announced proudly that she was to be decorated because she had' presented all her kitchen utensils to the munition makers. .!,:. 7 : Women to Call a Congress. ' Amsterdam, Feb.. 13. At a meeting held .here to-day by a committee com posed of leaders of women's organisa tions in neutral and belligerent states, it was decided to call an international women's congress at an early date In a neutral state for the purpose of din cussing what role women; should, as sume -in preventing future wars, en couraging international oomity, and promoting political liberties of the women of all countries. v No Cholera to Petrograd. -' Petrograd. Feb. ' IS. "No cases of cholera have been reported , in Petro grad," is the reply made by the semi official news -agency to the report that cholera is prevalent' In the Russian capital. --'v.-. .-( Americana Miss Ghaaices. ' London, Feb. ,18. The Birmingham Post says experienced export buyers find no eyidenceof any widespread ef fort on- the part of American' manu facturers to match German patterns of hand tools, steel toys, -and the like. I In all cases in which The Post's infor mants have placed orders in the Unit ed States in the last six, months they have done ' so because the American patterns themselves coffered some at tractive features and these - orders would probably have been placed even if there had been no cessation pz Ger man supp.ly. -:. ;.--'": 'iv ' --'-HX' ' 'i- The view is "expressed that America is unlikely to Iw more successful than this ' country in catering for the im mense native ' populations abroad es pecially in Africa and the East,-which German traders t;- have sought . with some success. to -make their own. At the same -time these T experts-. admit that up to, the ipresent'''time'they have not jprevailed upon' English factories to ; produce very 'many of the thousands-bf cheap lines' they may have for the asking. - , day in all the "schools .yesterday". - Ash Wednesday will be observed in St. Rose's church with the celebration of mass at 8 a. ra. In" the evening at 7:45 o'clock devotions will be held with the distribution of the ashes. On" the i opening day of Lent, there will be full morning service at 10:80 o'clock in Trinity church, and. in the evening at 7:30 o'clock, evening pray er and address by the Rector Rev. J. H. George. , i - At St.' ; John's church Lent win be ushered; in; Febriary . 17 by religious service and sermon at 10:45 a. m. ';.': Rev. T. J. Lee will . hold services and preach the sermon at the Hawley ville chapel on Sunday evening at 7:80 o'clock. . ! i "'.";' v-W ' '. -N i'i: '''.-:' Sunday evening at 7:80 o'clock, the Christian ..Endeavor Society of the Congregational church .will jenjoy.-a lecture on -"Types and' Phase's :in the South" illustrated by. the stereopticon. All are welcome; ... JUDGE FOSTER WILL ' LECTURE ON FAR WEST . Judge Carl Foster who has recently returned from ; a trip- to the; Pacific coast will describe 'natural wonders and .the scenery of the" land which he recently visited at a meeting -of the Men's club . of Trinity . Episcopal church at the parish house, in Brdad street on Monday night. Judge Fos ter's lecture will begin at 8 ; o'clock and wll be- illustrated by stereopticon views.. Mrs. Foster, accompanied the judge on the trip and they stopped fat Yellowstone National ' . park and re turned by way of the Canadian , Roc kies. 'The beauties of the scenery on all parts of the trip will be graphical ly "' described by Judge, Foster. . r BOY OP 14 HELD OK CHARGE 4 ' . OF STABBING PLAYMATE Boston, Feb;- 13. Wright .A. Ed mnndaon, Jr., a Cambridge boy, aged 14 years, was arrested today charged with having inflicted the stab wound which caused the death of IB years old John S. Goodwin last night. Accord ing to the police the Edmundson boy admitted that he had fought with young Goodwin while they were walk ing on Park street and had hit him wdth . his pocketknif e. The fight, he said, followed a quarrel at a rehearsal of a ' church' choir which , boys were members. , He declared , he acted in self defense. - ; . Fred Boyer, of Glen Falls, received a check for $16,000 from H. C. Stl ger, of - New York, as a reward for pointing out a good fishing spot in Schroon Lake twenty-eight years ago. T ' Onion Made Onrlnm Suits B TRY 1 LTFORD BROTHERS y BUT Y East Side and West End ; T ADRIATIC ON WAY TO ENGLAND WIT PASSENGERS; WILL GERM li;'' 1 y - i 1 J C - New York, . Feb. 18 Braving the German sea decree against passage In British waters, the White Star liner Adriatic started for Liverpool with 420 passeiicrs and 18,000 tons of freight. If the Adriatic should be delayed two days by winter weather she will pass ' through the Irish, sea on Feb. 18,- the day Germany has set to begin her submarine warfare against British merchantmen. 'Mary Garden is a' passenger bound for France to resume work among the "wounded soldiers. She was not a -whit disturbed by anything that might happen in the Irish sea. Others who sailed, were Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt, Ixrd and Ijady Ellenborongh; Cyril Ponsonby, Robert Mo Cormiisk, Joseph Harriman and three Japanese naval officers, who Said their trip was to gain general knowledge. BERLIN JUBILANT OVER BIG VICTORY I!! EAST PRUSSIA i (Berlin, Feb. 13. 'The v morning after the victory In East Prussia by Field Marshal Von .. . Htod&nbuxg's v forces, fipds -the capital-' In great Jubilation. The t victory is especially prized be cause of the frustration of plans for a. strong offensive which the Russians have been preparing in, this region.: r rne capture of . 2,K0 prisoners re ported in the ' German official rcornmu-. nication means, that virtually an entire army corps has: been put .out' of 'the fighting. The fact that the number of captured is ' comparatively small is commented on in some- quarters as in dicating that' the Russians, who hav already, lost a 1 third of. their' artillery through capture are now insufficiently equipped in this arm tof the service. . . The press - expresses hope for the' further. ; good : news from the battles still proceeding ' in some parts of the eastern line. '.-.- The children In ' The .sohools were given a holiday ..today and flags are flying- all over the city in honor of the victory. ' "r ' ' CAI1AL WIRELESS PLANT BIG ASSET FOR USE 111 WAR -Washington, Feb:,' 13.-Although the entire plant has not been completed and the station as yet Is equipped only to receive messages, such excellent rer suits are being daily ...obtained ,: from the radio - towers ' at Darien, . on the Isthmus of Panama, that officials feel the United States is now in possession of a most powerful military and naval adjunct. With two out of the three great towers completed ' and . rigged with temporary i antennae,- messages are being ( received without difficulty from San Francisco and Arlington, v The demonstrated ability of the new plant to keep the war and navy de partments in close touch with 'the American naval and military force at the. Panama Canal. Zone in time - of trouble, . regardless . of interruptions of cable service suoh as have proven to be of vital importance In the European war is regarded with the greatest sat isfaction by the authorities here. WEATHER FORECAST New .- Haven, Feb. -13 Fore cast : Fair and , warmer tonigh,t; Sunday unsettled with' rain and . warmer, - ; Connecticut! ' Cloudy and warmer tonight; Sunday rain and - warmer. Fresh east winds. . The western disturbance which was central over Colorado yes--ii terday has moved eastward and is now, central over Kansas. It ' isi causing unsettled weather with local rains In - the. Rocky. Mountains eastward to the coast. . Thunderstorms , : were 1 reported from Oklahoma and Arkansas. . The temperatures are high in the r Mississippi valley. , . - ALMANAC FOR TODAY Sun rises tomorrow . .' 6:49 a. m. Sun sets today .... 5:24 p. m. High water 10:53 a. m. Moon changes . 11:31 p. m. Low water . . 5:02 " p. m. ALMANAC FOR TOMORROW Sun rises Monday Sun sets Sunday . High water . . . .. Moon sets . . ... , ... , Low water ...... 6:48 a. m. . 5:25 p. m. 11:S9 a, m. 6:09 p. m. 5:45 p. .in. i s - AMNESTY GRANTED BY JAPANESE' 'TO KOREAN ASSASSINS r A.i 'Seoul, Korea, Feb. 13. Amnesty was today granted by .Japanese authority to; Baron Yun CW-Ho, a former cab inet "minister; '. Yan , TairTak, - formerly connected with the, Korean News;; Ira Chi-Hong, Yi Sung-Hun, Ok Kwan Pm and : one o,ther, who m- July 1913, were sentenced to six: years', imprison ment after ;having : een found guilty ,of an atempt to assassinate General TerauchJ, Japanese governor of Korea. JThe trial 'and conviction' 5f." these Koreans two. years ago attracted much attention because of the allegation that certain ' Koreans had " been sub jected' to torture in building up the case against the accused. The sen tences " of six years- by the Tai-Ku court were confirmed in October, 1913, by the supreme court of Korea. "AN ACTOR'S BANQUET" A young man starting out . to be come an actor was "walking along Broadway the other day. He stopped to, allow an automobile to pass him at 4 3rd - street when - two old timers who have appeared before the, foot-, lights for some fifteen- , or twenty years ! were heard to say: ."I'm getting.. sick, of this life, old paL Roaming about the country half the time going : without", a meal for three days. . The old saying that ac tors seldom eat is nothing short of the truth.:' , - ' '., ." .. . ' , . - They both walked, on. .The young man we mention '.'happened to. a Bridgeport boy and' will take part in J me annual pre-ienten, entertainment which will be held Monday and Tues day night .at i Eagles hall under the auspices of the St.s 'Joseph's 'T. : B. & L. " Assoeiation." , The two actors were stopped by the young aetor-io-be on their way down , Broadway, and were pleased when told that there is going to be a big actor's banquet in Bridge port next week. r ' , - Director Toomey; who . has made quite a reputation 'as ' leader of the musical comedies previously present ed by ' the Barnum avenue' boys, has taken the name "An Actor's Banquet" for this year's play : which according to the sale of tickets will surpass all previous efforts made by the St. Joes. On account of the lengrtn of the per formance the show will start prompt ly at 8:15. -Dancing will be in or der after the show with Maloneys or chestra furnishing the musical num bers. ; i. "ciiristiias ship": i CARRIES FRENCH EXHIBIT FOR FAIR 'Marseilles, . Feb. 13 The United Statesi collier Jason, which brought to Europe a cargo of toys as Christmas gifts for war orphans,-sailed today for San Francisco with the French ex hibit for the Panama-Pacific Exposi tion. -'-- S '- NEGRO POPULATION DRIVEN FROM TOWN IN NEW aiEXICO ' '."'j-: Gallup, N. M., Feb. 13 About one half the negro population departed yesterday after the appearance of pla cards warning' them to leave town before sunset. No violence- has 'Oc curred. Che .placards were ; the re sults of a mass meeting which heard charges brought by a white woman against a negro. The battleship ' North Dakota, which is-' returning from Guantanamp to lfcirfolk because "of the slipping of some of the blades of her turbines, is expected- to reach port today. H NOTED ANS HINDER HER? 3" 1- K" VAWDER<T - MARY GAttPCN - 3- AORrATtC JKSSII3 ALLENi FOWLER At Y. M. O. A TONKSHT. Jessie Allen Fowler of New York, character analyst, author and lectur er, will give a free public 'lecture and demonstration, in the' Y. M. A. au ditorium tonight at 8 o'clock.-. Her subject is "Character Analysis In He latton to Selecting and - Handling Business Men."' ' Cyrus F, " Raymond will Introduce the speaker and 'speak briefly on "Fits and . Misfits- in " In dustry." .v . - - '. - -. - ' .The remarkable work of Miss Fow ler among some of the largest corpor ationtr In- this country in- applying a system j. of character, analysis In se lecting new employes and in read justing : old ones according to their vocational aptitude, has brought her to the attention .of the public wheri-ever-the English language is spoken.' She is the most widely 'kniwn analyst of ' character ; in : 'the United' States, England and. Australia. '" -; Neither Miss Fowler nor Mr. Ray mond are unknown; to - Bridgeport audiences. " ' Miss ' Fowler gave a, leei ture ' and '"" demonstration' 'before --the members,' of te course In Scientific Management at the ;,Y, ; M. C. A. a year ago, and Mr. Raymond gave a talk a few' weeks ago to an; audience of young men at the association" on "How to Qualify fbr the Right Job. ' The usual custom of admitting men only to the meetings at the Y. M. C, A.' will be 'broken, tonight. Ladles will -bi admitted to' the gallery. , It is expected that many; who " are em ployed in the stores .-will drop in at 9 o'clock in time for the demonstra tion by Miss Fowler. '. . - : : DUjUSTRATED LECTURE SUNDAY. ."At the German Reformed church, on Congress street, the- life and work of George ' Washington, the "Father of his country," will be reviewed, richly illustrated ' by colored- stereopticon views. . The founder of his nation' is still his country's hero, - whoever poses ifis the great general, th brave soldier, the saviour of the nation, and as such will .never lack of interest and devo tion". by a grateful people. . It will be gin at 7:30 o'clock. - The reading will be in English. . . 'There, will also 'be rappiroprfate" musid, ' 'I '" - A BOOM TN AMERICAN SHIPS , (From The Isfew York. Republic.)' The most v remarkabile change since the time of the Napoleonic wars has come suddenly to the American ship building inuustry. . - The last ' day of December 1914, closed- one of - the poorest years the: American shipyards have- had in a decade. Today : every shipbuilding ; concern ' from Bath, in Maine, down - to Newport News, ; in Virginia, is working to ins fullest ca ijacity. One of the largest companies has ordered sufficient to ,; keep aix thousand men employed full time for from two to three years.': : Contracts have been. closed for forty-eight ocean vessels and negotiations are pending for' sixty more. .- Prices have advanced fifteen per cent, although that fact is not significant. . A British company has placed an order for the building of two ships in an American yard, a thing 'never heard of before, and. it is likely to order two more. ' Apparently the American merchant marine , has entered upon another period of ex pansion. The ships ordered and those for - which - marine architects are now drawing plans embrace net -onjy. pas senger vessels for the coastwise trade but freighters for "the Pacific and South American .service, big:. cargo carriers for the transatlantic business, and oil tanker to go anywhere and everywhere. , ;; , Many of the farmers are opposed to the new co-operative association, as somebody ' else might make a dol lar. ) There is too full mooirln February. The Old Farmer's Almanac should ran . the heavenly bodies more sys tematically. MORTALITY STATISTICS FQR 1913 Washington, Feb. 12. The annual report on mortality in the United States, relating to the calendar year 1913, which is soon to be issued by Director Harris, of the Bureau of the Census, of the Department of Com merce, will show a death rate of 14.1 per 1,000 .estimated population in the registration area of the United States, ' a slight increase as compared with the rate for 1912. The total number of deaths (ex clusive of stillbirths) In the registra tion area, which now contains about two-thirds' of the population of the United States, was 890,848. The lowest rate ever shown in the bu reau's reports was that for 1912, which was 13.9 per 1,000. There has been a marked, though' not con tinuous, decline ' in the death rate since 1880, when it was 19.8 per 1, 000, based on the deaths among 17 per cent, of the country's popula tion. ''-..'- Comparative figures for - foreign countries are not available for, 1913, but in 1912 the only "Important coun tries or provinces having lower death rates than the United States were Norway (18.4 per 1,000, England and Wales (18.8), Denmark (J3), the Province of Ontario (12.4)7 Hol land (12.3), Australia (11.2), and New Zealand (8.9). Deatli Rates of States.' ' Following are ,the death rates per I, 000 population tn 1918 for the states included within the registra tion area"' California, 14.6; Colorado, II. 5; Connecticut, 15; Indiana, 18.3; Kentucky, 13.3 .Maine; ,15.1; Mary land,, 16.2; Massachusetts, -16; Michi gan, It. 9; Minnesota, 10.4; : Missouri, 12.6; Montana, 12; New. Hampshire, 17.1; New Jersey, 14.3; New York. 15; North Carolina (figures relate only to municipalities having a popu lation of 1,000 or over . in .-. 1900), 16.8; Ohio, 18.8; Pennsylvania, 14.6; Rhode Island,' 16; Utah, 11; "Vermont, 16.8; -Virginia, 18.9; Washington, 8.6; Wisconsin, 11.5. - .V - The lowest death rate shown by any registration - state was that for Washington' (8.6 per 1,00), while New Hampshire's rate ( 1 7. 7 ( was the highest. ;. The fact that the average age of Washington's population is much lower than that of New Hamp shire's ;- doubtless : constitutes the chief reason for this difference; and a like explanation holds good in many similar cases. Following are. the death rates per 1,000 population in 1918 for the 60 registration cities with populations of 100,000 or over in 1910. ' Separate figures 'for white and colored persons are given in parentheses for cities in which the colored - population con stituted 10 per cent, or more of . the total in 1910. . Alabama ' Birmingham, ; 17.4 (white; 12.3; colored, 26.2). ." California Los Angeles, 15; Oak land, 12.6; San Francisco, 16.9,- Colorado Denver, 18.7. '.- ' Connecticut ' Bridgeport, 14.9; New Haven, 16.9. ''' District of Columbia Washington, 17.3 '(white, 14.4; colored, 24.4). . '- Georgia Atlanta, .17.4 - (white, 13.55 colored, 25.2). . . : Illlnois-Chicago, 15.1. ' ? " Kentucky Louisville, 16.2 (white, 14.3;-colored, 24.8). , . ' V ' ' ', Louisiana New . Orleans, . ; 19.9 (white, 15.8; : colored, 81.9). : Maryland--Baltimore; 18.6; (white 16.2; colored.. 31),. - ? ; - , Massachusetts -Boston, 16.4; Cam bridge, 13.6: Fall River, 17.2; Lowell, 15.9; Worcester, 16.8. ' Michigan Detroit, '17.3; ' Grand Rapids, '.13.3. !-". i.- :- . . -. -,.' ' Minnesota Minneapolis, 11.6; St. Paul, 11. Missouri Kansas City, '14.8; St. Louis,' 14.9. ; v Nebraska Omaha, 18.9. ' ' New Jersey Jersey ; City,. 14.6; Newark, 14.4; Paterson, 18.6. New York Albany, 19.8; Buffalo, 1 6. 8 ; New York. 14.3; . Rochester, 14.6; Syracuse, 15.7. Ohio Cincinnati, -16.9 ; , . Cleveland, 14.2; Columbus, 16. 3;.) Dayton, . 1 Toledo, 16.2.. -','' :- Oregon Portland, 9.5.' Pennsylvania' Philadelphia, - 15.7; Pittsburgh, 17.1; Scranton, 14.8. -Rhode .'Island- Providence,. 15.2. ' ' Tennessee Memphis, 20.8; (white, 16.9; colored,. 28.3); Nashville, 17.8 (white, -17.7; colored, 24). Oirirginia r-Rlchmond, 20.4 (white, 16.7; colored, 26.8). ' .. Washington Seattle, 8.4; Spokane, 8.9.:- - . -. ''"-.,:.:' Wisconsin Milwaukee, .12.7. The lowest rate shown by any of these cities was that for Seattle, Wash., (8.4), while the highest (20.8) was for Memphis, Tenn. The average age at death, for both sexes, from all causes combined, was 39.8; for males alone, 89.2;.' for females alone. 40.6. The correspond ing averages for, 1912 were 40.6, 89.9 and '. 41.4. The ' report cautions the reader not to confuse the average at death with expectation of life .-as given in life tables. - :-:'v. Nearly 18 per cent of all deaths were of Infants under 1 year of age, and more than 25 per ' cent were of children under , 6 years. ' After the first five years of age deaths are most frequent among persons between- 70 and - 74, inclusive. This applies to both sexes combined and to . women alone the deaths among these groups forming 6.56 : per cent and 6.88 per cent, respectively, of the correspond ing totals. , For men alone, however, the period of greatest mortality is between - the ages 65 .and 69, inclu sive,' the deaths during : this period constituting 6.4 per cent of the total for males. s-;--- ; '; ,-'- : ".' .".-: ' ' Fewer Deaths from Tuberculosis. "The' : death rate from tuberculosis (all forma) declined from 149.5 per 100,000 population In 1912 to 147.6 in 1913. 1 The rate from this cause shows ' a continuous, though Irregu lar, decline from year to year since 1904. . ' ." .-' ' The death' rates from cerebral hemorrhage (apoplexy) and organio heart diseases and endocarditis also declined as compared with 1912, the former from 76.7 to 74.6 per iOO.OOO papulation, and the. latter from 151.2 to" 47.1 These rates, . however,' are higher than in most of the years be tween 1900 and 1912. Although the rates for typhoid fever, scarlet fever, diphtheria and croup, pneumonia (all fornis), ' and diarrhea and enteritis (Infants under 2 years) show Increases as compared with 1912, there has been a general and pronounced decline in the rates from these causes since 1900. Deaths from Oanoer Increasing. On the other hand, there: has been an almost continuous increase from year to year since 1900 In the death, -rates from cancer, organic heart dis ease and endocarditis, nephritis, and Brlght's disease. The most marked increase for any one of the most im portant 12 causes of death was that in the rate for ' cancer, which rose from 63 per 100,000 population in 1900 to 78.9 in 1913, and in only two cases, did the rate for. any year be tween 1900 and 1913 show a de crease as compared wltji the preced ing year. Deaths from Suicides and Violence. There were 9,988 suicides in the registration area , during the year 1913, the rate being 16.8 per 100, 000 population a slight decrease as compared with 1912, when the rata was 16. . In the registration area there were 68,578 deaths from vlolence( includ ing homicide and legal execution but excluding .sulcideK. corresponding to a - death rate of &2.S per 100,000 pop ulation. This rate shows a consid erable increase as compared with that for 1912, which was 88.9. ' Deaths Canoed by Automobiles! ami ' :s ;- Horses. . That the automobile,-in spite of the rapidity with which it has come-into general use. Is still less deadly than the horse, might be Inferred from the fact that the mortality incident to -its operation was less, in 1913 than that chargeable, directly, and indirectly, to man's faithful but sometimes erratic friend. During -the year . the num ber of deaths resulting from automo bile accidents and injuries was 2,488. while the number due to Injuries and accidents' caused by ether vehicles (principally , horse drawn) was 2, 881, and the number caused by ani mals (principally horses), was 540. The corresponding figures . for 1912 were 1,768, 2,221, and 642. A few bicycles are included In those due to "other vehicles," and a small num ber chargeable to animals other than horses are comprised in those caused by animals; but, after making due al lowance for these factors, there still remains) a considerable "margin of safety" In -favor of the automobile. Deaths due to' railway accidents and injuries during the year numbered 8,212 and those resulting from street car, accidents, and injuries, .1,998. The corresponding figures for 1912, were 8.209 and 1,882. For the first time; the number of fatalities due to auto mobile accidents and injuries ex ceeds the number resulting from in juries caused by; other vehicles and also ' exceeds the number due to street car accidents. THE HIGH COST OF DISTRIB- 1 UT1NG FOOD PRODUCTS " " Awlde range of plans is being tried tn the endeavor to bring back the old time conditions of direct trade be tween the producer and consumer, or at least between producer and retail er.'; V;. . J"' - ';, ; '--. . U -. Our method attaining some popu larity. Is the public market idea. Farmers drive in, or send in some member of the' family or hired man, With . stocks: of .'goods. Several far mers may combine to send in supplies to the stalls. -.. Such markets depend for their suc cess on several conditions. 1 The Amer ican people will not tolerate poor goods. Unless some market diractpr has the s.bsolute power to inspect the stock and condemn, unfit articles for stock and condemn unfit articles for sale ; at that market, and unless he exercises that power -strictly, a great deal of poor truck will 'be worked off. That will tve the market a bad name, and outside stores will be preferred. Another essential for success is a good system of rural transportation. If the farms supplying the market are reached only over poor or rough roads, the dally transportation of goods fn : small lots become too cost ly. If there is good trolley or rail connections with outlaying farms, the chance of keeping up" regular and fresh supplies is much 'better. A third essential is that the putlio gives up its lazy reliance on delivery wagons, and. carry their own bundles. Efforts are being made all over tha country by 'agricultural colleges, farm bureaus, eta., to interest city people In buying from the farmer by parcel post and - express., ; Containers are 'being devtced to carry regular sup plies of eggs and butter, chickens, greens, , ets. It is asserted that a group of city families should be able to pay five cents a dozen more for eggs, five cents a pound more for butter, than the farmer now gets, and still underbid the grocer five cents each. This seems, to be a hope rather than a demonstrated fact. But there is something In -''the idea. The retail dealer,, however, if . he is enterprising far seeking opportunities for direct pur chase of goods, and If he uses the aid aid of newspapers to reach out . and 'broaden his trade, occupies an impreg nable position. i- '. , Members of the Woman's Suffrage party of Philadelphia, were denied the privilege of placing a wreath on the statue of Abraham Lincoln in Fairmount Park. , They had failed to secure a permit. r The Grand Trunk Railway, from its headquarters in Montreal, sent an of ficial warning to all its agents in the United States and Canada of a plot to dynamite property . owned by tha railway. THE PRETTIEST FACE and tfes most beautiful hands are of ten disfigured by an unsightly wart. It can easily b removed In a few days without pain by using Cyrus Wart Remover. For sale only at The Cyrus Pharmacy, 418 Fairfield Ave. . ,,.'..'- '' ' '" ' CLEAWEASY. BEST HAND SOAP i r-. A. .Jl . n- M injure the fikin. Instantly removes Stove Polish, Rust. Chreass, Inlt, riici ana ui". band or clothing. Large can 19 cents. Manufactured by Wm. R. Winn. 844 Stratford avenue.