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' THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 16, 1915
QWSSKSS'K!2 V . i 111 ii i - i ii -ii li ii ill D THE HOME EVENTS OF INTEREST J DOMESTIC HELPS AM) AIDS TO HOUSEWIVES m SOCIAL CIRCLES o Let the Woman's Page Bespeak the WomanLet It Bern Belt to Those Who Desire Help; a Comforter to Those Who Need Comforting, and Above all Let It Be a Friend to ETery Woman , OOsK s,s23k o,ts?0 TODAY'S POEM (I 0CSe23 Laura Jean Libby-s Daily ' Talks on eart Topics Copyrighted. 1918,' McGlnre Newspaper Syndicate , ytofeywuU The young lady across the way 8 ays she understands tone of the war Hng nations has issued, a yellow paper and for her part she should think the truth was bad enough without airy exaggerations and sensations. ( THE DEMOCRATIC PEANUT. Reminiscent suggestions 'are stir . red by tha death , of - Pembroke D. s Gwaltney, of Smithfield, Va., k. for many years known as the "Peanut 1 king," - Mr. Gwaltney had much' to do with popularizing this typical American product. The five cent bag- "of peanuts was one of the v social, facts of the nine teenth century.' When you took the small boy to tha circus, a bag of peanuts stirred the juvenile heart, and . filled that Illimitable cavity that served him as a stomach. 1" Also when you took your best girl to the ball game a good sized bag of peanuts was a . handsome and adequate treat. The. customary brown paper bag was attractive enough. Tour young women friends, might . not be satisfied with any five cent ' treat of peanuts today. Also the of ferings Ao thetr-robust hunger must have a mora artistic setting than brown paper. It takes a dollar lot of candy, put up in. shiny boxes with color printing and picture decora tion, to give equal pleasure ' today. Sasu -Practical jKbrrie press JiaKing J&rspns - Prepared Especially For This Newspaper "4 V' "' Pictorial Review ' A BUJTGA10W APSOK". Bungalow apron for ladies or miss ,s, suitable to development of percale, gingham or muslin. It is trimmed with bias folds of linen. .. -. at the upper edge of the pocket as a - One of the most practical - things finish. , Turn under the edges and possible Is the .bungalow apron. It en- stitch down carefully: Lastly, adjust tirely envelops the figure, yet is " so the belt to position, bringing large "O, neat in its lines that it -quite answers perforation in belt and in back togeth, the purpose of a house dress for early er. The neck may also be bound with morning duties. - a bias fold of linen. ( Pictorial Review Apron Sizes small, medium and large. .Pricaj 10 cents. .-. ;..-.:-'.'"; These Home Dressmaking articles are prepared especially for this newspaper from the very latest styles by The Pictorial Young rowdies of a rougher period seemed to delight in shelling peanuts all over-the floors of public places. Today 1 peanuts are apt to be sold all shelled,, which helps keep the gal lery floor in better order -at places of entertainment. ' . , The peanut can never be relegated to tha background, though it has to compete with hundreds; of other ap petizing eatables today. Nicely salt ed, it is the one appropriate refection for circus, summer resort frolics, .and" other outdoor - doings. A peanut munching throng, suggests . outdoor Jollity and unconventional human en joyment. . It is' a truly democratic refresh ment, moderate in price, satisfying to hunger, -appetizing, capable of adding flavor in hundreds of styles of cook ery. .Long live the peanut, ana peace to the ashes of the Peanut King! . : : 1 ' Camden, N. anniversary. J-, celebrated its 87th Let Us Refill Your Fern Dish JOHN RECK & SON .. The model shown is carried out in light colored percale trimmed with bias folds of blue linen. About 54 yards of 32-inch material are Required to make the apron for a woman of av- erage size. .-. . : r- --. There are so few seams in the apron that tfa home dressmaker will find nil trouble In putting it together. The on-der-arm . seams are .closed first, and a .the sleeves are cut in one with the de sign the one stitching finishes both under-arm and sleeve seams. 'Take Jth4 cuff and look for the center,, the front as indicated by large "O" perforations CONSTRUCT! Cy CU1DE FaMMed April 30. 1907 Arrange on the, sleeves so that seam and lower edges will be even, then stitch cuff on sleeve. Turn the hem in the upper edge on pocket, or, instead; a bias-fold of linen to correspond with the front . trimming -may be used. In this case, stitch the right side-of the i-nea a the inside of the pocket, right side .of trimming facing wrong side o( . P material. wnen tne nnen 1.1 inn mi H-H-r. I FRONT 'aVU a t , SKIRTS, THEN AND NOW. Whene'er we . took , our walks abroad Not many moons ago My love with mincing footsteps trod And moved exceeding slow. Had she percance once toppled ,o'er She could but feebly Ttick; TJntil somebody should restore , Her to her perpondic. ' . ' ' . When she would board a troll py car Without the ;help of me She found the step was much -top .far And hopped up like a flea, . ', 1 ' v - , .-- -" . When now her walks ., abroad ".' she , takes .' . ' -. In skirts no longer tight ;' : Her strides are of the sort that makes v- . ; Me trot to keepj in sight. .' Should she capsize ' she'd quickly ' fight "., ' " , Ijike that self-rigbtthg thing . The clown who does for 'our delight -His flipflops in the ring. . ' -, And when the 'trolley car she halts' Her skirts ' are so aloof One would not 'marvel should ' her vaults negotiate the roof. . ' Browning's Magazine. - CORNER FOE COOKS $ . ' Souffle Soup Slice one onion,- one carrot, and mince a teaspoonf ul of parsley (or if you want the heads, far garnishing tie; a little bundle, of the stalks in. mus lin; and cook in enough cold water to cover for fifteen minutes.Add salt and pepper. When, the vegetables are- tender add one; and a half pints of milk and a tablespoonful of butter and cook until the vegetables can.be put i through a hair sieve. Replace in the pan. Mix a. teaspoonfql- of corn flour smoothly' in'" cold water, then -add some of the hot soup and mix" smooth, and' then ,,p6ur " the thickening into the remainder of the soup.'. ' Taste and add salt and pepper if necessary and a pinch - of sugar. Bring to a. boil and boil fori five min utes. Cool a little and then beat in the yolk of 'an egg. ., '. The soup ,must cool before you add the: egg or it will curdle; Lastly, whip the .White of the egg arid stir it in and serve .- im mediately. , . " ' Pish Faggots. , Take any cooked white fish and free it carefully and weigh it. Take some mashed potato, add. a Httle but ter, milk, salt and pepper, and beat until light and creamy. Take two thirds of fish and one of potato (or equal weights if. you -are V short of fish),, mix and season with a little more salt and pepper -and a spoonful of essence of anchovy to one pound of fish and potato; moisten with the beaten yolk of an egg. Forrq into lit tle cork shapes oh a floured board, brush withi beaten egg, and roll in finely crushed 'vermicelli; fry, drain and serve very hot.- If you have any oyster, shrimp or anchovy sauce add it to thp fish. : . y ' . Potato Pnff. f Take one-half pound - of mashed potato and enrich it with- a -dessertspoonful of butter and a beaten egg yolk,- and then add enough flour to enable) you. to roll thev potato out. on the pastry board. : Cut into, rounds, fold thei potato to paste over wet the edyes with beaten egg and crumbs. Let them stand ten minutes and then fry r or if liked bake in a floured tin in the oven. - , ' 1 Celery: an Gratin.' 'Peel, and vutup, place in. boiling salted water for five minutes (this is termed blanching), drain and -, then put in a stewpan with salt, " pepper and peppercorns. Just cover with stock" or. water and simmer until ten der. Place in a fireproof dish, and with the wates in which the celery was cooked maRe a white aiiee. Poiir this over and brown in the oven. . ..- V'." ' . ,-" : ' Sultana Rioe. v Boil a ' teacupful of. rice. ' When done and welldrained add a teacup ful of washed and picked sultana, a tablespoonf ul "of butter and two . of brown sugar. Stir together. Plaee in a steamer and cook for thirty min utes.:' Serve -very -toot with , hot golden syrup. ' . ' "'. t . ,' ;; ' ::. h '" A STATE PENSION ';. IiAWFOB TEACIIERS. A billing calling for a direct state pension for teachers has been intro duced in the legislature. fclain fea tures of the bill; ', - -1. A ; miniinum .annuity of $200 A 'maximum annuity of $500 payable by the states after thirty years or more of teaching the last fifteen of which shall have been in Connecticut. . - , 2. A disability pension in harmony with the above plan, for . disabled teachers having taught . at least twenty-five years. ' . - The average term of service ' in teaching is less than eight years. Only about 10 per cent., of all teach ers stay in the work long enough to draw a pension. Less than 4 per cent, of .Connecticut's teachers have taught long enough to become eligi ble to any possible pension. About 205 teachers in Connecticut would be eligible this year to a pen sion should the proposed bill become a, law. , '. r Of these, about three-fourths are yet vigorous and will- prefer to work for a whole salary than to draw 40 per cent, of one. -Only tnose wno ought to retire will care to apply for a pension.. ' The approximate number of teach ers who would apply for a pension this wear (estimated upon returns from a ?' painstaking investigation made in 1911 and 1913,Vis less than 40. The approximate total cost for this year (estimation derived from the same source), less than $20,000. MISS LIBBEY'S REPLIES TO YOUR LETTERS Correct name and address must be given to insure at tention, not to print. Use ink. .: Write short letters,, on one , side of paper, only. "Address Miss Libbejy 916 President Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. A YOUNG GIRL OF GOOD SENSE t)ear Miss Libtoey: . - I now want you to give me advice, for I am a young girl of nineteen years and do not understand love affairs yet I have been going with a young , man two months- ,1 love him very much. He" is twenty-two years old. 'I have known him for about three or four years. But he never did talk about love to me until lastOctober. He says he loves -me very much. I now hear that he is going to" get married. Of course I do hot know, for he has said nothing to me about it. Should I write to him and ask him about it? If he says he is, what shall I tell him?' For I do. hot want him to be fooling me. I willbe Raiting for' your' answer. vv- . , ' : .'. . b. r. . The next r time . he calls, tell him laughingly of the rumor which has come to your ears, asking him if it. is true. Should he confess that it is, yoU must crush any heartache that may come to you, and. tell him that you congratulate the ybung lady and him self and wish them a .lifetime of hap pmess. Alter: Half an. hour's pleasant chat, explain to him you have an en gagement and must out his call short. If he asks to; come again, "tell him ,he must bring his- sweetheart with him." HER MOTHER y IS RIGHT. Dear Miss Libboy: . :. Please help rne, .through the columns or me paper, as you nave helped oth ers. I am eighteen years old and con sidered good-looking. , I have been keeping company with a girl one year my senior for-the past , three months At first she liked me "and often Said I was the , only fellowi she ever loved. and now she goes out with other fel lows" and does not seem, to 'care for me. , Please tell me -vhot to do to win her back. She told" me hot to call . on her as her mother bbjects to her keep ing company and yet;' she goes out with, other fellows. Anxiously awaiting l - t OTTO The girl's mother has no : doubt come to the conclusion that hef daughter is too youngto go about con stantly with one young man or to en tertain him to the. exclusion of ' an others at home. The young lady may nave , conciuaea; that , , you were too young as well, -, and seeks other com panions to test her own heart as to whether ,she care most for you or hot Try the nlan of going about with other girls for a while. Tou may find mat you are not as much in love as' IMPOUNDED WATERS V 7'r AND. MALARIA. Those parts of the . country where" the prevention of malaria and mos quito reduction constitute acute problems are often faced with pecu liar, conditions which must be 'care-" fully considered before' adopting any remedial measures. ,One of these problems now being ' studied by the United States Public Health Service is the possible relation of certain impounded waters which furnish the necessary power . -for important in dustries' of malaria.' The many phases of this situation have been discussed in a number of reports, one of. which has 'just N been published by the Public Health Ser vice. This article deals with " the Coosa River in 'Alabama, the im pounded .wafer extending for., about 20 .miles upstream from the dam. In the area examined,'-the topography is such that very little of the floating debris is cast upon the -shore. Pine trees are very numerous,' -not only on . the banks and -fooded areas but also in the valleys of streams, and creeks that flow into " this artificial lake.- . " - Oe of the most interesting obser vations mads was that the leaves of these pine trees, either when they fell into the water or Were- carried into it by streams, ' collected into groups and afforded excellent pro tection' for mosquito larvae, forming in ract the most important local fac tor in the production of ! mosquitoes, and being far more influential in this respect, at least in the late au tumn, than floating logs. . As ob served elsewhere ltNwas noticed that whenever top-feeding minnows were abundant, they disposed of all mos quito larvae and thus prevepted the development of mosquitoes. These fish were, however, scarce in "most' parts of the lake examined, perhaps Lon account of the fact that larger fish wnicn prey upon minnows were very plentiful. - The influence; of impounded waters on the breeding, of mosquitoes and the consequent spread of malaria is a question calling for prolonged studies, and it is the intention of the Public Health Service to continue its investigations of this subject. Ahdrew J. Bates, Owner of the Bates shoe factories at Webster, Mass., died, aged 76. The campaign to renominate Presi dent Wilson will be started within the next few months. Let Us Refill Your Fern Dish JOHN RECK & SON you imagine yourself to be. OUGHT HUSBAND TO HELP WITH HOUSEWORK '.'I have heard reasons manifold "Why love must needs be blind; But this is the best of all, I hold His eyes are in his mind." "If the wife works at any occupa tion which brings in money and the husband is out of employment, shouldn't he fill in the idle moments, by doing the housework and looking after the children?" This is the biunx question which a wife who works asks me to decide. She dwells on her griev ances still further by adding that she is obliged to rise very early, get break fast for the family; she1 is obliged to stack up the dishes for want of time to wash them. Her neighbor next door looks after the children for a small amount upon her return at night. Af ter her supper dishes are cleared away at night, she has the children, to put to- bed, the ' washing, ironing, house cleaning and . mending"- to do. "My husband sits around the house all day," she . adds, "varying "the monot ony by goSng out to search for work, buii- secretly hoping he won't find it. Now, while he is at home these long days, couldn't he take, care of. the children, prepare an easily cooked meal ,f or them, wash the dishes and sweep the floor at least? He says, it isrit a man's work, and he refuses to do it. I say if he cannot find work outside he should be glad to do it In side. Please decide for , ''OVE!RBTJRIENE3I WIFE." This case does not stand alone. There' are many hundreds ' Just like it the world over. ' Few men are brought up to perform household duties. - The ex cellent bookkeeper, accurate at figures who seldom makes a mistake, would findd.himself at his wits' end as how to escape breaking some of, the dishes he would be required to Wash. Cook ing would be an equal hardship.!' He wouldn't know whether the making of coffee called for a spoonful of "baking powder, sugar or an egg; how long it took to' cook porridge to make it thin as gruel or thick as dough; whether to give the children bread and butter thickly 'coated . with sugar every time they asked .for it or not to give them half enough to satisfy their young ap petites. -' " .There are ..husbands who fit nicely into the emergency. There are others whom it would knock all askew as be ing dlsta,steful. Rather than ' to be pressed into the'1 household service which goes against the . grain, a man should be up and 'doing, out lookin for work early and late," refusing to accept "defeat. When be must spend a fe whours in the home, love for his wife -should prompt him tp do many little acts to lighten the load which is upon her overburdened shoulders. As sisting her does not detract from his manliness. - He earns her gratitude, which is far more satisfying than out side, pay even. A happy, contented family means that each does all in hia or - her - power to help, regardless pf what the work to be done may be. BANK. OF FRANCE. The Bank of France, which is play mg an important part in financing the present war, was founded in its present form- by- Napoleon 115 years ago today, Feb. 13, 1800. It was a joint stock company with a capita: of 30,000,000" francs. Napoleon ' head ing the subscription list. The caplJ tal has been increased several times. The face value of the shares is 1,000 francs, but they 'have often been quoted on the Bourse at four or five times that amount. The Sharehold ers number, about 35,000, ' at least a third of- whom are poor people- hold ing only one share each. The fran erase of the bank will - expire ; five years hence; but it will, of course be renewed by the government. The Bank of France , has nearly 200 branches and sub-offices all rover the republic, but no . colonial or foreign it is peculiarly a French-institution many of the greatest of international transactions have been carried out over its counters. The bank has the sole right to issue bank notes, and many other privileges granted by the state. It has nearly 7,000 employes. an of whom are French. -The gov ernor or head of the bank receives a salary of $12,000 a year. The Bank of France survived the Franco-Prus sian war ' without experiencing diffi culties, and has existed through many changes or government, imperial. monarcnicai ana republican. There is much opposition to an ex tra session of Congress, in spite of the fact that it would help many towns to push through their bills for marble post offices. It is hoped we don't get into war with Germany, as it will take-all the time of our soldiers this spring to rake up-the front yards at the army poets. ' i- SI TJLeA suvA vw swvtt Cl D(SCHE5S30i 1135 MAIN ST. COR. EWA ST. PHONE 367-6 1 f tk'r( j A J By A. Comedy of Youtlx Founded by Mr. Manners on His Great Play of tne Same Title Illustrations From Photographs of the Play Copyright. 1913, byttodd, Vfea& Company .(Continued.) 7 She was' prood indeed of her two children, about whom she had written so glowingly- to her brother Nathaniel. Alaric was the elder. In him Mrs. Chichester took the greater pride. He was 'so nearly being great even from Infancy that he continually kept his mother in a. condition of expectant wonder. He was nearly , brilliant at school. At college he almost got his degree. He just missed hi "blue" at cricket, and bfit for an unfortunate ball dribbling over the net at a critical moment in the semi-final of the tennis championships he might have won the cup. He was quite philosophic about it, though, and never appeared to re1 proach fate for treating him so shab bily. ' He was always nearly doing some-' thing, and kept Mrs. Chichester to a lively condition of trusting hope and occasional disappointment. She . knew he would "arrive" some day come into his own. Then all these half reward ed efforts would be invaluable invthe building of his character. v Her daughter, Ethel,0n the other hand, was the exact antithesis to Alar ic. She had never shown the slightest interest In anything since she had first looked up at the man of medicine who Ushered her. into' the "world. She re garded everything about her with tha greatest complacency.' She was never surprised or angry or pleased or de pressed. Sorrow never seemed to af fect her nor Joy make her smile.. She looked on life as a gentle brook down Whose. current, she was perfectly . con tent ' to drift undisturbed. At least that was the effect' created in Mrs. Chichester's mind. She never thought it possible there might be latent pos sibilities in her impassive daughter. While her mother admired Ethel's lofty attitude of indifference toward the world, a manner that bespoke the aristocrat, she secretly chafed ather daughter's lack of enthusiasm. How different from Alaric, always full of nearly new ideas, always about to do something. Alaric kept those around him on the alert. No one ever really knew what he would do next. On the other hand, Ethel depressed by her stoiid content with everything about her. Every one knew what she would do or thought they did. ... Mrs. Chichester had long since aban doned any further attempt to iaterest her brother Nathaniel in the iiildren. t Angela's wretched marriage had up set everything driven Nathaniel to be a recluse and to close, his doors on near and distant relatives. . Angela's death the following year did not relieve the situation. If any thing, it intensified it, Bihce she left a baby that, naturally, none of the fam ily could possibjy tkke the slightest notice of nor interest in. , It was tacitly agreed never to- speak of the unfortunate incident, especially before the , children. It was such a terrible example for Ethel and so dis couraging to the eager and ambitions ""Alaric. , - Consequently Angela's name was never spoken inside of Regal "Villa. And so the Chichester family, pur sued an even course, only varied by AlarifJ's sudden and definite decisions to enter either public life, or athletics, or the army, or- the world of art it was really extrenely hard for so well equipped a yotinij man to decide to limit himself to awy one particular pur suit. Consequently he put off the final choice from day to day. ' " . r Suddenly a most untoward incident happened. ' Alaric, returning from a long walk, aione during which he, had almost de cided ' to become a doctor walked in through thei windows from the garden Into the living room and found bis mother in tears, an open letter in her ha&d. . : 1 . This was most unusual. Mrs.Chicbes ter was not wont to give vent to open emotion. It shows a lack of breeding. . So she always suppressed it. It seemed to grow inward. To find her weeping .and almost au'dibly--impressed Alaric that something of more than usual im portance had occurred." ' "Hello, mater!" he cried cheerfully, though his looks belied the buoyancy of his tone. "Hello; What's the mat ter? What's up?" At the same moment Ethel came in through the door. It was 11:80, and precisely at that time every morning Ethel practiced for half an hour on the piano not that she had the slightest Interest in music, but it helped the morning so much. She would look forward to it Sor an hour before and think of it for an hour afterward, and then it was lunchtime. It practically filled out the entire morn ing. - Mrs. Chichester looked uj as her be loved children came toward her, and real tears were in her eyes, and a real note of alarm was in her voice: "Oh, Ethel! Oh, Alaric!" Alaric was at her side in a moment. He was genuinely alarmed. Ethel moved slowly across, thinking vaguely that something must have dis agreed wifh her mother. - J.: Hartley, Manners "What is it, mater?" cried Alaric. "Mother said Ethel, with as nearly a tone of emotion as she could feel. . "We're ruined!" sobbed Mrs. C fetches- , ter. "Nonsense!" said the bewildered, son. "Really?" asked the placid daughter". "Our ba& has failed! Every pnny your poor father left me was. in it!" wailed Mrs. Chichester. "We've noth ing nothing! We're beggars I" ' A horrible fear for a- moment gripped Alaric the dread of poverty. He shiv ered. : Suppose such a thing should really, happen! Then he dismissed it with a shrug of his shoulders. How perfectly -absurd! Poverty, indeed! The Chichesters beggars? Such non sense! He turned to his mother and found her holding out a letter and a newspaper. He took them both and read them , with mingled amazement and disgust. First the headline of the newspaper caught his eve: "Failure of Gitford's Bank." Then he looked at the letter: "Gilford's bank suspended business yesterday!" Back his eye traveled to the paper: "Gitford's Bank Has Closed Its Poors!" . He was quite unable at first to grasp the full significance of the contents of that letter and newspaper. He turned to Ethel: "Eh?" he gasped. " "Pity,"; she murmured, trying to find a particular piece of music among the mass on the piano. : ' . "We're ruined!" reiterated Mrs. Chi chester. . Then the real meaning of those cryp tic headlines and the businesslike let ter broke in on Alaric. All the Chiches ter blood was roused in him. "Now, that's what I call a downright, rotten, .blackguardly shamea black guardly - shame!" ' His voice rose in tones as it increased in intensity until it almost reached a shriek. Something was expected of him at any rate, indignation. Well; he was certainly indignant. . ' "Closed its doors, indeed!" he went on. "Why should it close its ooorsi That's what I want to know! Why Bhould it?" And he glared at the un offending letter and,, the noncommittal newspaper. He looked at Ethel, who was sur reptitiously concealing a yawn and was . apparently quite undisturbed by the appalling news. He found no in spiration there. Back he went to his mother for support. "What; right have banks to fail? There should be a law against It. They should be made to open 'their doors and keep 'em open. That's what we give 'em our money for so that we can take it out again when we want it." - ' Poor Mrs. Chichester shook her head sadly. ' , "Everything goner she moaned. "Ruined, and at my age!" CHAPTER XI. The Chichesters. A LARIO eat on the edge of her chair and put' his arm around her shoulder and tried to com fort her., '"Don't you Worry, mater," he said. "Don't worry. I'll go down and tell 'em -what I think of 'em exactly what I think of 'en. They' can't play the fool with me. I should think not, in deed. Listen, mater. You've got a son, thank God, and one no bank can take any liberties with. What we put in there we've got to have out. That's all I can say. We've simply got to have it out. There! I've said it." Alaric rose and, drawing himself up to his full five feet six inches of man hood, glared malignantly at some imag inary bank officials. His whole nature was roused. The future of the family depended on him. They would not de pend in vain. He looked at Ethel, who was trying to make the best of the business by smiling agreeably on them both. . "It's bankrupt!" wailed Mrs. Chi chester. . . v ' "Failed!" suggested Ethel cheerfully. -' "We're beggars," continued the moth er. 1 must live on cnanry ior tne resi of my life, the guest of relations I'v hated the sight of and who have hated me. It's dreadful dreadful!" All Alaric's first glow of manly en thusiasm began to cool. "Don't ( you think we'll get any thing?" By accident he turned tc Ethel. She smiled meaninglessly anri said for the first time wth any reai note of conviction: "Nothing!" Alaric sat down gloomily beside his mother. -"I always thought bank directors were blighters. Good heavens, what mess!" He looked the picture of mid ery- "What's to become of Ethel, mater?" "Whoever shelters me must sheltei Ethel as well," replied the mother sad ly. "But it's hard at my age to be sheltered." : (To Be Continued.