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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY IT, 1915
TAVHITNER CLAIMS 7..Ii TRAFFIC TRUST OAKS UNCLE SAM "I- -. - STOCKYARD TARIFF REJECTED BY I.C.C. -.. v. - . Washington,- Feb. 17 The . Inter state commerce commission today threw out a tariff filed by the Kan sas City Stockyards Company to im pose a trackage charge of - seventy- five cents a. car. at unloading docks in its yards and- a switching charge, of $2 per car on jeight of the . 14 rail roads serving Kaisas City. The commission held that the stockyard's company ia not a com mon carrier and said: 'The commission is empowered to strike a ' tariff from its files, if , filed as part of a scheme by shippers to secure unlawful allowances from car riers , under pretense of cohTmon car riage. The opinion declared, however,-.that the complaining railroads rxiv .compensate defendants hut that tt - may not exact such compensation through- a published .tariff."' s The commission held further that the Kansas City company is a public utility and may lawfully receive pay for th services in '-question 'tven though shippers of livestock parti-;i-paet n the stockyards company's di vidends." 4 AUTOS TO RACE PAST T OWER OF JEWELS ; , FINE ARTS PALACE LIGHTED AT NIGHT VVasliinsrtou, Feb." 17 Sensational eliarges. against an alleged "war traf fic trust.?' composed of Ameriamnd foreign armor plate, ammm li tion and gun. manafacttirers,' of mulcting tne United States and lliropean ooantries of vast sums of money through con nivance with; army and navy officers and members of . legislative Dodies, were made by. Congressman Clyde II. Tavenner of Illinois in the house. "I mean to say,"r he declared, "that those army and navy officers who do , the purchasing of war munitions and who are paid a - salary by te people and are trusted by the people, to see that the government receives a dollar's wort ti of material for every dollar ex pended, have permitted a ring of am munition manufacturers to charge Uncle . Sam outrageously Tor armor, guns, powder and munitions in gen eraL-v? For Instance, the war depart ment in 1913 purchased 7,000 4.7 inch shrapnel guns from the asnmnnition ring, paying $25.26 each therefor. . At tli same-time- precisely the same shrapnel was , being mauaf actared in the government owned Frankf ord arsenal for -415.45. This instance is not the exception; it is the rule. Tho army and navy , oincers in twenty years have purchased $ J 75.000,000 worth of armor, armament and muni tions from four firms which have a monopoly in this country in the man ufacture of such supplies an have paid this grasping war trust from 20 - to SO per cent' more than the same articles could have been manufactured for in government plants.? ; GERMAN STEAMER SAVES CREWS OF BRITISH VESSELS Buenos Ayres, Feh. 17. -It is reported here today from a, creditable .source that the' German steamer Helger was sighted yesterday heading for Buenos Ayres and having on Aboard -the crews of several English steamers sent to the bottom by some German warship prob ably off the coast of Brazil. -The. steamer Helger has been iden tifled with the German activities In the south Atlantic. ' jShe -left the harbor of Pernambuco secretly early in January, presumably with supplies for German warshipW at large ; in " South American waters. The Brazilian ' government punished the port SfHcials whose negli gence made the breach of neutrality possible. . - : .: FOriKESTONE-ITjTJSHUf G BOAT SERVICE TO BE SUSPENDED. London, Feb. ,17 The Exchange Telegraph Company's Amsterdam correspondent-- is authority for- the statement that the Batavia and Zee land shipping lines and services be tween Folkestone and Flushing will 'be suspended for a few) days after Thursday, Feb. .18, the date on which Germany announced its determination to begin a Jblocka.de of British waters. Italian Newspaper on Diplomatic Notes . Rome, Tuesday, Feb. 16. Comment ing on the diplomatic exchanges be tween the United States and .Germany on the question of the ., submarine Wockadd of England, the Gdornale M Italia says: ' - "Thsa ;Geiman- note .' to the (United States does , not, deny the rights.' of neutrals, of which? the, great American Republic has. become the chamoion. nor does 'it renounce the threatened reprisals. -, ? ; j "The German purpose has now been revealed. All thenioisy and somewhat ridiculous maneuvers of the 'imaginary maritime blockade lor their sole ob ject the compelling of neutrals to mate the voices heard in JfSngland ask ing the. British government to permit the provisions to enter Germany, Ger- 'many has asserted that the danger of .- samme was - absolutely non-existent as a niatter of fact Berlin is seriously anxious and,.sqarcity of food is being felt among the less well-to-do-of the German civilian population.' Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Comins of 55 Highland ayenue,. will have as their week-end guest, amuel Rosenfeld of New , York city. MO PRIZE CREW PLICED . OX BOARD VIUIELMI.A j London, Feb. . 17 The report cur rent last night -and receiving wide publicity to the- effect that k a prize crew had' been placed on boai-d 'the American' steamshio Wilhelmina at Falmouth proved today to be erron eous. The ; officer commanding the , men in charge of the Wilhelmina ssid tnat tne aera-3tiEieht was not a prise . erew but .merely a guard. SOCIAI4STS UNDER FIRE Pans. Feb.; 17 The action of two Socialist members of the French cab- inet, i Jules Guesde, minister without portfolio, and Marcel Sembal,l minis ter of public .works, in attending the. recent international Socialist confer . ence in l onaon, nas evoked protest from a large section of the Frne.i v press which makes the . declaratTon that this conference wis inspired by the uerman (social Democratic party. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL ' "' ' - ! . ' - jr.. ' -e - - x ' v v - 5 n -"-' " ? - S j' s- - ; - i I : Will? n ; Tm'U i 1 1 ' nf la in f -i i i If , M jrjlfH ' 11 Ir-lf I " lis " ' s Hi flit Hil -j'' - & -1 it I :-t - mi) uuau, m RUBBERS Men's, Wo mens and children's rubbers val ue Up to 75c Sale Price 5(2 Pair 3 IT PAYS TO PAY CASH- BE The Store ' that Refttnds Tmir Knr WithMt Akin uueattsu. , We Deliver Free to Aay Part of Bridgeport, Fairfield er Stratford. . :' - UMITED DEPART. STORES, !: Corner Filain and Golden Mill Streets ' Bridgeport; Conn. -'- . if Tp Battenbcrg scarfs for bu reaus fine quality, size 17 x 50, value 50c. Sale Price v each Men's Hand kerchiefs, soft finish muslin, hemstitchedf hem. Value 5c. Sale Price 2c each tTOW02 or JEWELS, SKOWlKG RACING CAR.- SL- PAL-ACE Two of the first big features at the Panama-Pacific exposition, which opens at San Francisco on Feb. 20, a re the Vanderbilt cup race on Feb. 23 and. the Grand Prix race on Feb. 27. . The course extends throutrh the ex position grounds, passing the great Tower of JTewels, 4S5 feet high, shown in the upper picture. The lower picture shows the wonderful palace of fine arts lighted at night. This building is made of steel and concrete at a cost of $580,000 and is permanent. It is used to house the fine art objects, Its Greco-American colonnades extend for 1,100 feet along a lagoon. . , Mr. and Mrs. Joseph S". Houghton of 1,894 Sim street, Stratford, have announced the engagement of trreir daughter, Miss -Ethel Houghton, to William H:; Everett of Fairfield.- Miss Houghton who is widely known in this city through her camp fire arid X. "W, " C. A; -,woris, is a graduate - of Yale Art School at which institution she also took a post graduate course. The members of the Women's Aux iliary of the Pari avenue Temple, celebrated the fourth anniversary of the founding of the , society with a particularly pleasant social yesterday afternoon in the vestry room. - A 'birthjday ; cake with four candles graced the table. . Coffee and cake were served.' - The officers : of the auxiliary are Mrs. . lesser. president; Mrs. . Gilman,- vice-president; Mrs. W altar Loewith, recording secretary; Miss Lydia Landesman, correspond ing secretary .and Mrs. M. J. Buech-' ler, treasurer. . MLss Emma Marie Miller, formerly of this city, and Mr. Timothy Scanlon of 'New -Tork, were ' married in that city - on . Friday ' afternoon. Mrs. Scanlon, who was formerly employed in, Howland Dry Goods company. moved to New Tork about six months ago. " The 1 ceremony was performed atT St. Luke's church 'and the couple are spending- their honeymoon ! in Poughkeepsie N. Y. The ibrifie, who celebrated , her 18th" birthday yester day, is the daughter of Mr.; and Mrs. P. S. Miller of 107, Arch, -street. Mr. Scanlon ' is employed by , the, govern-, mcnt ; . , . - . ' DOC EUVCOD'S i. : " AT OCB OIiD STAND BROAD STREET AND SOUTH AVENUE ' . -v . r i.. -. ; EVERY FRIDAY, AT 1:30 Good used cars, of all makes Just what they will bring, under the hammer. Buy a guaranteed car now nt your own price - FIRST BIG SALE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19 Twenty-five Good Used Cars in Al Condition HAVE YOU A CAR TO SELL? v Bring it here, we- will dispose of it qufckly at the highest possible price. We accept consignments np to Thursday night each week - DEMONSTR ATIONS Call us np any time and we will gladly arrange for demonstration of any. car on our lists. Plione 424,0 '.'.. ; EVERY FRIDAY . . . . Ai ELWOOD ,& SON . " BROAD STREET AND SOUTH AVENUE IiANISIjIIE AT ROM K. Rome', Feb. 17 A landslide caused by the torrential rains at Varcosa 'bina destroyed a house -occupied toy eight persons. TiTHCS EPIDE3MIO RAGES AJIONG PEOPLU OF SOITCA. - - . ' Taris, reK 1 7 A . Sofia despatch )to the , Balkan Agency., says that an epidemic of typhus fver which broke oui among oerwian prisoners or Bul garian ' nationality: sent -to - Sofia by thi" Austrian authorities- has spread tO Kthe civil population7 and is ravag ing the regions around Sofia, Plevna and- FUippopolis" v- Xysentery is also said to be prevalent. $100,000,000 CREDIT ETIJj - " J to ajh ninnvoii busevess. , Paris, , Feb. 17 A bill providing for a credit of 600,000,000 francs ($100, 000,0000) from-which loans can be made to small business interests ruin ed by the war, thereby enabling them to start again, will be introduced in the. chamber of deputies by -Georges Berry, i :, ; ::.- - SOBSHfG- STEAMER ARRrVES. y New York, Feb. 17 Agents of the Scandinavian-American Line1 ' an nounced today that the steamship Oscar, II which sailed from this port !Feb, 4' for Christiania and Copenha gen,' ha.3 reached Kirkwall, In . the Orkney ; Islands just -north . of Scot land last Sunday. ; - Fears had ' been felt as to the vessel's ' safety. AUSTRIA -HXTXGARY CSTjATMS V RIGHT TO SEIZE MAIZE. Paris Feb. -17- An official decree . extending to maize the Austro-Hun- garian government's rights of requisi tion has been' published in the Official Caiette at Budapest, according to an Amsterdam. - despatch to Renter's SARAH BEKJVHADT AVrATTTffG QPERATTOX, VERY OHEERFY1 ' Bordeaux, Feb. 17 Sarah .Bern hardt, who "is in a hospital, here awaiting the amputation of . her leg, necessitated toy an injury to the knee, continues to maintain her , strength and spirits. Her cheerful courage has ; won J the admiration of alf , her friends, tf In answer to one of hun dreds of inquiries regarding, her con dition she telegraphed that her : leg would be, amputated next Monday and after that - she would be quite happy. ' .. "- .. .". ' "' ".j.;- . MI Men's Pajamas of heavy quality oti ting flannel with silk loops, pink and V A ble iistripes. Value $1.25 - DtlC Sale Price . . . ... . . ... - -- J each Men's Shirts of Broeade and chambray. some have soft collars , attached others 'jVlC are coat style with stiff. cuffs Value 50c. Sale Price . . . '. .,. - - - - - -J each Women's Hose, double heel and toe, out size; ribbed top ; extra fine quality medium .weight, in' black i w t i . . i -r l n 1 wniie. vmue lc. D.aie rnce ...-. j tair ami tuc, uut J pair Corset Covers, of fine muslin with -i r0 lace and embroidery.' trimmings. Visile Value 21c. Sale Price . . . ... . . . .-,..) fcicii Bleached Sheets, size 92x90, made of firm , quality with. seams in tne center. Value 50c. Sale Price . . . . . . VJ - Willi. 137c j EACH D wight Anchor Sheets, f ulL "bleached, . seamless, size 81x90, made with yJfto "3 and 4 inch hem. Ujjf C Value 80c Sale Price' J KACi, AH Linen Huek Towels with extra large size,. Place to embroider initialsr-Hemstitched bri ' both A r . ends.; Value 39c ; : r U 3 C Sale PrjeB . i .". . . it each Pillow Cases jihade. of fruit of the loom,'. cdttonr sizes 45x36 with 3 inch f J yl hem. Value 19c. il'lC Sale-Price . . . ; . . . . . ach All Linen Table Damask, 70. inches wide full bleached, heavy quality,, as- nZg sorted patterns val- & tli, ue $1.00. Sale Price J Yaki Unbleached Cotton , 40 inches -wide, extra heavy quality of sheets Qr- 'J pillowcases. Valile ' 9?. Sale Price '. . . . . j yard t The Prince the Captain. I The admiral commanding the British Meuiterranean squaAroh a numBsr of years' ago gave a dinner to the captains of the fleet at Malta. By 6:45 most of the captains had reached; the flagship, been received . on deck by the admiral and. "ushered below. Next the Duke of Udlnburgh arrived. The admiral re ceived him, and.- keeping him in con versation, .continued to pace the deck. iAH subsequent arrivals were duly ush fered belpw.to: the saloon, but still the admiral kept the duke on deck. ,' At last it. occurred o. the duke that the dinner hbur had -been passed, and- he ventured to inquire ' if his host was - waiting for anybody. '., , . ' " : i "Xes," replied the admiral, "I am waiting for the captain of the" .' I Instantly the duke took fife" hint, call ed for a boat afi(J made posthaste for his own ship. - He alone among-'the' captains of the fleet had turned Up in ordiuary evening clothes, forgetting or not knowing that the dinner was offl- claj. On his . return to the flagship in the quickest time on record and in full uniform the gay ant but inflexible ad miral was still .pacing the deek and, deprecating his royal highness" profuse apologies, conducted him to dinner. 3 66 JEROME PHELAN SAYS VOtTM ' STOCK XIAEKET J New York,- I"eb. lT.-Opening.- Stocks. developed a heavy tendency at the outset of today's operations and declines of one to two points in is sues of importance were soon record, ed. Reading; Lehigh Valley and Ca nadian . Pacific were weakest of the leaders; but other favorites yielded fractionally. ': New Haven, Southern Railway preferred and Loose-Wiles declined fvo- points, failing to- their new minimum prices. Specialties like Texas Company, Montana Power and Mexican Petroleum- were" lower. Trad ing was light and again governed largely by foreign conditions. : . - Noon The decline was accelerated by short selling, the tears again avail ing themselves of unfavorable news from abroad to depress prices in addi tion to the coal shares, New ,York Central and Canadian " Pacific .were heavy and Baltimore & Ohio declined 1 to its minimum o 67.. United States Steel, Amalgamated Copper and Smelting fell a point each. Foreign exchange was less unsettled.cables and drafts on London being quoted well above yesterday's closing rates. Bonds, especially the international group, wr bea-yy, . . . IS THE BEST PAINT MADE . " Mr;' Jerome Pheln who was for yfears recog .nized;as the best, most practical and most depend-' able master painter in town, after exhaustive tests, has pronounced VOLTAX as the best Mixed Paint he has ever used. He says further that VOLTAX is equal, if not superior, to the-paint he has mixed and which has stood the test of time and the elements during -his 35 years of painting experienec, . . The Voltax also manufactures a full line of var nishes and enamels, &11 of which comes in for Mr. ' Phelan's unstinted praise. MR.PHELAN PAS AGREED TQ REPRESENT trs IN BRIDGEPORT Eighteenth Century Tipping. " You and 1 complain and not without reason of the tyranny of the tip. But consider the ' unhappy plight' of the eighteenth -century man.: Here s the anguished wail of "'Constant. Reader," j Who In 1705 writes to the Times: "It a man Who has a horse .puts up at an Iunr besidea the usual bill, he must at j least give 1 Bhilling to the waiter, six' pence to the , chambermaid, sixpence : to ie hostler and sixpence- to the jack- . boot, makiag together 2s. 6d. At break- J f nKf ' vnn mnst trixrn ,flt lfaftt ixnence between the - waiter and hostler. " :- If the traveler only puts up to have a re freshxnent, besides paying ' for his. horse's, standing he must tgiv three pence to the hostler, at dinner sixpence to thfe "waiter and threepence .to the hostler, at tea 'sixpence between them, J so tha,t he gives away in the day 2s. 6d. "which, added to the 2s. 6d. for the night, makes 5 shillings per day on an average to servants.". And 5 shillings then meant at least 10 shillings-today. London Express. Wo tax G6i 1320' BARHUM AVENUE PHONE 1851 Theodosia Once Great Cocn Port. Theodosia, the Crimean port, - beftra one of the oldest names in Europe. . Tt was founded in the seventh century B. C' by the Greeks of Miletus and became a great exporter, of corn. In one year alone .of the fourth centurj- B, C, Theodosia sent 2,100,000 medim- ni (a medimnus equals twelve gallons) of corn to Athens. How climate in fluences history is illustrated by. the fact that the Crimea, which had so much corn to spare in antiquity, has "in our time had to be fed from Russia. ''It is very probable," says Mommsen, "that the extraordinary drought, which is the chief obstacle now to agricul ture in the Crimea, has been' greatly increased by the disappearance of the forests of, central and southern Rus sia, which formerly to some extent pro tected . the coast provinces from the parching northeast wind." ANYTHING IN A STORE THAT IS WORTH SELLING IS WORTH ADVERTISING Let the public know what you have to sell, through the columns of the "Farmer." The cost ia small and the method effective. ' : . The Stronger 'Hand. If you 'tfre right anded; then thff right hand is stronger than the left. If you are left handed the left hand will Se stronger. If you are truly ambidex trous the strength of both hands will be equal. The advantage of one hand over the other is due to the greater ex-, ercise it naay receive. . All the muscles o bur arms and legs are developed by exercise, and their respective strength will be in accordance with their use. That the right, hand is stronger than the left can be proved by discontinu ing the use of the' right arm for. sev eral . weeks by tying it to the side of your body. When you release the arm you will .find that much of its strength is gone and that now the - left- hand is stronger. This applies to a right handed person, and the test would work the other way with a left handed person. Tnw goes to enow tnax tne strength of hands and arms is, uncon sciously affected by the amount of ra tional exerciser-Exchange. . . 1 ' ,- Our Mineral )rYa1th. The United States. Is not oni the world's greatest producer of mineral wealth, but it possesses by far. the greatest known'' reserve of any nation in most of the important minerals " This is one of the -things that has nade lis great and which is destined xo maise us lar grei&ier bb, uieasuceu u world i standards. , In some instances, such as coal and oil , ahd. phosphate tpek and radium ore, the United States possesses inorv than. -all;, the other known deposits of the, world, and the only, essential minerals of the first rank of which the United States , has n? known supply at all commensurate With ita needs are i nitrates, ;potasli salts, tin, nickel and platinum. But as it stands today no other 'nation in the world so nearly approaches absolute Independence in. respect to mineral re sources, notwithstanding the vast mag nitude of our home consumption. Review- of Reviews. ' - ' ' ; i ,' ' ' The Professional ' The' census !has pfoyided us with a definition of "the professions," A. good many folk have vondered a. good many times. What he-"pfofessionat. classes" were". " The census has decided. Tbey constitute ''; ; v. ' ' ' Actors. ; .- ; ' . .. .- . . : Architects, designers, draftsmen," etc. 'f" Artists and teachers of art. -Clergymen (including religious- and charity workers). " Dentistf. " ' " Journalists. lawyers (including abstractors, no. taries and justices of peace). : Literary and scientific persons. Musicians and teachers of music. - Physicians and surgeons (including nonmedical healers), , Schoolteachers," professors leges, etc.-T-New York Press. . n War and Counterfeit. Pridr to Napoleon's 1812 campaign the Paris . gendarmes one night mada a raid on a house In the Plaine Mont rouge and discovered quite a fine man ufactory of false notes. There was quite a tir next day when the police minister, made the announcement that the manufactory bad been started "by order of the emperor." The false noteSi which were Austrian and Rus sian instead of French, wars intended for use against the enemy on tlie Rus sian expedition, but the bulk of them came1 to grief during the great re treat." ' '-' i Wellington "was , responsible - tor a similar stroke of business during the peninsular war.. Being badly in need of gold when about to-invade. France, he conceived - iie "queer idea of bunt ing out some counterfeit coiners from the ranks.. Quite a number of these gentry Were forthcoming, and these were ordered by the duke to exercise their evil art by transferring bis Eng lish 'sovereigns into louis d'or and na-poleons.---Tjondon Globe. ' t. -.j .. Money Wasted. "That young i millionaire says he holds you in thJiindest remembrance. He says it was at a party given by you that he proposed to his wife." - "The affair has Unpleasant reminis cences forHoae. . That was a very ex pensive party, and I gave it in tbe ex- pectatioh that he was going to propose to one of my girls." Louisvi?te CourJer Joornal. '; c Investigating. . , Blackstone ' Kent to partner) Ha vo you investigated Mrs. .Brown's'.. case suiBciently to say whether we'L would be justified in asking a divorce? Part ner Well." I have asked the mercan tile agencies for a report on her husband's- financial standing. Rich'mond rimes-Dispatch. Toronto's Name. The name of the city of Toronto is of Indian origin, and its meaning is "a place of meeting.'V The site of Toron to before the arrival of the whiteman was an established rendezvous amon? tne Indian tribes of the, surrouuding iistricts. - ' ' ' 1 N - The Grouchy View. Secretary (writing advertisement) Wanted, an intelligent young man, un married Old Grouch Leave out the unmarried."- You said intelligent, lidn't you? Exchange. in col- WANT ADVERTISEMENTS ONE CENT A WORD World's Debt to the Unfit. ' : The world owes much, to the physi cally unfit- It would be less worth liv ing in today but for the brilliant-Consumptives and cripples and blind and deaf men who have, enriched it. In our craze for efficiency and for stand ardizing everything we are in danger Of forgetting that there are other things in the world too. We cannot do without the consumptive Stevensons, the blind Miltons, the deaf Beethovens, the hunchback Alexander Popes, the clubfoot Byrons, "the helpless Prescotts. A rule that would have deprived Heine of an education would have been cost ly to the worlds Enforced against Alexander H, Stephens it. would have deprived American histmry of one of its aoblest figures.- New i'ork Times.. The- Earth' Shadow. ' ' .The : earth has a shadow, but few ever see it except in eclipses of the moon. Nevertheless, many of us have noticed on . fine, cloudless evenings in nntnrrier. shortiv before sunset, a rosv or pink arc on the horizon opposite the. sun, with a bluish gray segment under it. As the sun sinks the arc -rises until it attains the zenith and even passes it. This Is the shadow of the earth. i Wented More. "Why did Kate refuse "at the party to sing 'All That I Want is Love?" " "She refused because it wouldn't Vie true. She wants the vote also." Ex change. ' . When -men are rightly occupied their amusement grows out of their work, as the color petals out of the fruitful flower. Jtuskin. ' ' Language Mixed. "That." said the physician, as he ex amined the lump on the man's neck, "is the remains of, an old boiL that started to come and then became en cysted there-" y - "Well,",' said the unlettered patient, "it sure has encysted on stayin' there." Chicago Post. - Early Writing Implements. When writing Confucius used a small brush, like a camel's hair brush, for a pen, and so did his ancestors for cen turies before his time. The reed came into" use tot writing - in the marshy countries of the orient. It was hollow and cut in short lengths..-; Lucky Dog. "She calls her dog and her husband by the same pet name. It must cause frequent. confusion." - "Not at alj. She always speaks gen tly to. the dog." Jugend. Incongruous. " Mamie That Mrs. Fllpp is a great matchmaker, isn't she? Tessie I used to think so until she bought her reil haired husband a purple necktie. Judge. . - Airy About It. Jack It's a fine air castle yon've built How do you propose to get into itby airsTnn? TQm-No; by heiress. Boston Transcript. " . Getting Ready. "I understand that Jack has been thrown over by no fewer than three girls he's been engaged to." "Yes; he's working now On an f : I justable engagement ring." CI : : . News.