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Ji1 mJL JLJIiLiL BRIDGEPORT, CONN., THURSDAY, FEB. 18, 1915 PRICE TWO CENTS R. R. PLAN FOB BONDING BUCKED BY MR. BUGKELEY Fanner Governor ; Says Schexne Involves Virtual Repudiation of Vast Debt , " BAY STATE BLOCKS UNSUPERVISED DEBT Elliott Asks for Right to Sell Certain Securities Owned ' ":. By Company CSpecial to The Farmer.) Hartford. Feb. 18 President How ard Elliott and other officers of the New Haven Company pleaded before the committee on railroads, today, for the bill permitting the railroad to In 'crease Its deft; or tor the bill permit ting' the sale of certain securities own ed by the company. . The bill in its present form was op posed, yesterday afternoon, by Morgan G. Bulkley, formtr. governor' of Con "' nectieut, principally because the crea tion of an additional debt as proposed, will withdraw the security that sup ports a Issue of ' some- $19,000,000 mortgage boisds of the Providence Se- ouritiea Company. These bonds are -debentures, which :; take ' precedence . over stock, but which would not take precedence over a debt supported by first mortgage. - There Is a. prospect that the New Haven company will not get the power- to Issue these bonds without su pervision by the pubBo utilities com mission. - It is likely that the policy advocat ed by The Bridgeport Farmer, dur ing several years, will be applied and that power will be given to the Util ities Commission to supervise; the is sue pf. the proposed securities. If this adjustment is reached, . It will not be due to the providence and foresight .of the General Assembly, but to the circumstance that Massa-r Vilniimf In will refuse to -sanction any 'ether procedure, and . Connecticut's r permission to Issue the bonds would be of doubtful value to the company, If the ' permission of Massachusetts Srere withheld. . . . Former Governor Bulkeley suggest ied to the commission -r that provision ought to be made for a sinking: fund, -to retire the debt at its maturity. - - Mat. Elliott, -this . afternoon, explain ed thst the New Haven road has over $50,003,000 of obligations coming due .within s year and a half. He pointed out thtvt the directors thought it nec . i. ii i j In view of the ' generally dis turbed conditions of business and especially- the present condition of the New Haven road to have made avail able tor disposition the stock the company hot da In leased lines. The . most Important of these lines are the .Boston & Providence, ' of which, the .company holds 869 shares, and the 'Old Colony railroad in which, it holds 6-S.S7 8 shares. . V". ' Mr. EBtott told the committee that if these stoclCB,' could be sold the -money could be used - in payinig oft the : Interest charges - on - large amounts of, outstanding obligations and ..could otherwise be used to the 'financial advantage of the roafd m its general scneme ror upnuituing the ptopurtles. . Mr. Robinson explained to the committee that the. petition sought to mtcke clear the company's legal right to dispose of stock it .holds in subsi diary lines. , He said there was some doubt e to the company's right to sett these-stocks because of its char ter provisions and was meant to clear up. the t clouded situation, 'FCW K. It. BONDS 1.. . - .. . v.- . . .... The railroad' was represented at the hearing by Vice President E. Q. -Bucklajid. Benjamin I. Spock, their general oounsel, and Lucius F. Robin wm of Hartford. ;The bond issue plan ned will be in the form of a first mort . gage on , the main line of the road, ' which" is at present unmortgaged. - -The bill. up for hearing -before the railroads committee - would ' give the railroad - authority to issue bonds to the value of twice Its capital stock. The " blU further provides that "any mortgage hereafter executed by a. rail- road or. street railway corporation shall secure an' its outstanding bonds, de bentures,, notes or other evidences of Indebtedness previously Issued by such 'corporation, or assumed by such cor poration through merger of any other steam or street railway company, . ex cept outstanding bonds, debentures, - notes or 'other evidences of indebted ness secured by direct morteajre. or seoored by collateral In the hands of a trustee,. and except contingent liabil ities .upon which such raih-oad or street railway corporation is liable only as a guarantor or endorser. . - i ;;-' Basis ot ' Objection. ' If was upon this latter clause that - Senator Bulkeley based his objections. The rProviaence securities company 1 was the holder of the street railway lines about Providence, R. I. The New Haven too: over this company guar anteeing the outstanding bonds. ' There are now no assets to. this .company, as the property was taken by the New . Haven and the only value of the bonds lies " In the New Haven's guarantee. . Senator Bulkeley claims that if - the other indebtedness of the road is to be secured by' mortgage, the Provi denes Securities bonds 'should also be secured In a similar manner. -: Buckland Opposes. Vice -President Buckland claimed that this would be an unfair condition as the bond holders of the Providence : Securities never expected to be se cured by a -mortgage when they pur (Continued on Page Two) Helen Achsah-Bassett for years a .teacher in the public schools -of Bridgeport. leaves most of her estate to her niece, Eliza Basse tt Townsend, also a public - school teacher. Miss Bassett's will was admitted to pro fcts today. WILL NOT CALL EXTRA SESSION ' Wasliin-ton, Feb. 1& President Wilson lias virtually decided not ' to call an extra Session of Congress on Slarch 5 no matter what the fate of the ship bill. No official announcement of his intention was made but In, Congressional quar ters It is well understood. Work was besoii today on map ping out -the details of the presi dent's trip to the San Francisco exposition. It was reiterated at the White House that he was still hope full of getting the ship bill through at the present session. SENATEAFFRONTS CORBIN; VOTES TO HIRE TMEXPERT Tax Commissioner Not to Assist Finance Committee In Selection of Man" , (Special to The Farmer.) , Hartford, Feb. 18 The senate today Jammed throughTby a vote of 26 to S the administration resolution, 'author- izing the finance committee to hire an "expert" on matters of state taxation. The .resolution was passed after the senate . had "voted down Senator : Pur cell's amendment, naming the tax commissioner to act with the finance committee in the hiring of any neces sary assistance. . JTbe resolution again provoked very lively debate, and . Senator Bree and Purcell made repeated and unsuccess ful efforts to find out why the Repub lican -machine, objected to Commis sioner Corbin's acting in conjunction with the finance committee. Senator Wadhams and Tajcot (Rep.) defended the committee resolution and o posed the, Purcell amendment, but neither specifically- answered the re peated inquiry as to the objections to Mr. Corbin's name being included . In the appointive body. Senator Talcott became rather heat ed in hisanswer to ' Senator Purcell's remarks, ; which- he thought reflected on the members cf the finance com mittee. Senator Talcott said the. com mittee was unanimous in favoring the original resolution. Senator Purcell ; interrupted Senator Talcott to ask him when he first heard of the resolution. . "It was after its in troduction in the senate," . replied Sen ator Talcott, and .there was an audible titter throughout the room,, " Senator Cheney and Senator Hurley spoke in favor of the amendment land Senators Isbell,' Evarts, Heineman and Magee opposed the amendment. On a roll call vote the amendment was lost 26 to 8 .those voting for the amend ment being Senators Cheney, ' Molloy, Purcell, King,. Whitney, Grady, Bree and Hurley. The resolution was then passed, on a yea and nay vote. CORONER CLOSES INQUEST ON GORPi MURDER MYSTERY Finds Newtown Cobbler Was Slaia by "Person or Per-; . t sons Unknown.". .That John Gorr, ' the Newtown cob ler was, murdered by a. person or per sons unknown Is the finding of Coro ner Phelan ; made today. ' It will be recalled that on August 1 3 Jast, the dead body of the unfortunate ' shoe maker wasj found in ,hi3, little;, shop 5fis head had been crushed with blows of an axe taken from the cellar ' of his shop,- - The shop walls were be spattered with blood and his trunk and other effects had been ransacked. A- small sum of money which ' 'the cobbler had on his person was.- over looked by the murderer. ' some time ago micnaei srennan, a character of the town, was arrested on suspicion of knowing something of tnc crime due no evidence was pro duced to warrant holding him. V- J AS. O'ROU RKE, JR. SUED FOR DIVORCE ON CRUELTY CHARGE James OTtourke, Jr., former 'mem ber of the Tale "varsity baseball team and at present under contract with an American association club, has been sued for divorce by Emma O'Rourke of this city. . Intolerable cruelty is the ground.' , She alleges' that this treat ment has continued from -August 1 1912. - ' Mrs. O'Rourke, whose maiden name was Emma Rief, says she married the defendant January 11, 1909 in New York city. - She generally went with her husband when he journeyed' west to play ball but In the winter the cou pi made their home in this city. ; At torney Albert J. Merritt, who brought the present action, has attached O'Rourke's property on Hawley ave nue, where the couple formerly Mved. Mrs. O Rourke asks alimony. : The defendant is a son of Attorney James H. O'Rourke, a prominent member of the Fairfield county bar and president of the Eastern Baseball association. Stoddard for Judge of Milford Town Court (Special to The Farmer) Hartford. Feb. 18 TVin nenoto to- day passed a resolution naminsr Enh ert P. Stoddard, judge, and Norman a. .Buckingham, deputy Judge of th town court of Milford, and James B Mead, Judsra of - the Borough court ox ureanwlch. FIGHT FOR SHIP PURCHASE BILL BEGINS ANEW Democratic Iieaders of Sen ate Anxious to Effect Fur , ther Amendments "Washington, Feb. 18. The fight over the amended government ship pur chase bill was renewed in the Senate today with the fate of the measure still uncertain. ' With a view to clearing up the sit uation the Democratic leaders were ready, when the. Senate met, . to make another effort to send the bill to con ference for further amendment in or der to win the support of recalcitrant Democrats and ' progressive ' Republi cans. They are -not satisfied with the bill in its present ' form. The support of either faction, is necessary, to the passage of the , measure. Unsuccess ful attempts were made in the Senate yesterday to send the measure to con ference. ! - In renewing: -itie attempt today, the Democratic leaders were confronted hwith the prospects ' that the Republi cans, Who declare that the bill is dead, would insist upon consideration of the supply measures before they let up in their opposition to the ' shipping bill. Administration leaders believe they can find a way to take up the appro priation bills in a day or so. ... MAYOR IN PANIC AT PROSPECT OF TAX RATE Fearful that the board of appor-i. tionment will declare a tax rate greater than 18 mills, Mayor Wilson rushed home from Hartford yesterday- and was in consultation yesterday afternoon and evening with some Re publican members of the board re garding the prospective increase. The mayor recently gave out the statement in whichr he said the rate would not be more than 16 mills and he thought it would be nuch less. The board iOf apportionment has de clared for a preliminary rate of 19:5 mills, i f- ! POLICE SERGEANT 1 SCORED BY BRISTOL Nearly all the . street . sergeants in Bridgeport were called to police head quarters last night where they were subjected to a most rigorous examina tion by Police Commissioner Lou P. Bristol in connection with recent rob beries and their general supervision over patrolmen doing duty. Following the session which was arranged and carried into execution by Superintendent of Police Eugene Birmingham, assisted by Capt. John Regan in secret, the . utmost secrecy about the matters discussed was kept today. - . Bristol's remarks were most caustic regarding the supervision of the po lice by certain of tjie sergeants. The older officers and men escaped the criticism from the fact that they seem to have grasped the,, matter of polic ing in a far different way from the new appointees. " - . ' 1 GERMAN CRUISER SINKS FOUR SHIPS III TWO MONTHS Buenos Ayres, Feb. 18 The . Ger man steamer Holger ; which ' has ar rived here, brings news that during the months of January and February the German auxiliary cruiser. Crown Prince . Wilhelm, .operating on the northern coast of Brazil, sank' the British steamer Hemisphere, the Brit ish steamer Potaro, the sailing- ship Sumatra and the sailing ship Wilfred. The crews of these vessels are on board the Holger. ; - COMLEY HAS SUNDAY BILL; SO HAS KELLY (Special to The Farmer) - Hartford, Feb. 18The committee on Judiciary this afternoon held hearings on a number of bills rela tive to the observance "of ' Sunday. Among the many measures consider- ed was Rep. Kelly's bill which would allow bowling alleys to be open Sun day . afternoon , and . evening. Rep KLelly appeared before the commit tee to explain the bill, and said that other advocates of the measure would like to be heard later before the committee reached its report. Sen. Coms bill introduced, it is understood at the request of the pas tor's association ; - of Bridgeport was also before the committee. This bill prohibits Sunday entertainments and sports other than those purely amateur. ' Another' bill before the committee was -that of Senator Molloy of Hart ford authorizing special . licenses for Sunday moving picture shows. House Chamber for Hearings on Suffrage (Special to The Farmer) Hartford, Feb. 18 Rep. More house introduced in the house today a resolution granting the use of the house chamber for hearings on March 3 arid 4 on the proposed constitu tional amendment for woman suf frage. It is expected that these hearings will be among the most in teresting of the session and both sides are aligning their forces for the ora torical batU. (EEIMARI 1EP1LY TO 1U..- radDflESI TOTS 11SPMI1EIT WM. Wffl . - Wm MliECTILY W TO EM(BMRII .. . I -. ,. : ' j SIJRIBIARY OF TODAY'S WAR NEWS i Germany has declined to alter her position in consequence of the American - note -concerning the war zone decree, although ex pressing the most friendly feel ings toward . this country. The German repiy, a summary which was cabled from Berlin,, states. that Germany cannot abandon her position in viewof the attempts of England to cut .off . the food supply of non-combatants and, recommends that the United v States send warships to protect American vessels passing through the danger zone. The " German decree ' went into effect N at t midnight but there have been few changes in sailings to and from English ports. Emperor William ,. has tele graphed to the- President of the Province of East Prussia f that the ' Russians have been com pletely defeated and driven from OFFICIAL REPORTS ON TEE WAR GERMAN Berlin, Feb." 18 The German army j headquarters today issued the follow ing statement: - , ' . t "On the road to Arras and Lille fighting continues for a small section of -a German trench into which the enemy entered on Feb. 16. "In the number of French prison ers taken yesterday to the northeast of Rheima has been increased. ,-. The French losses in this region especially were heavy. . "French attacks have ceased In Champagne. "- To the north : of Perthes fighting continues. To the east of Perthes the French were re pulsed suffering heavy losses. - The enemy has only in a few instances ad vanced to the German trenches. The number of prisoners reported to have been taken by Russia has been In creased, to 11. officer! and 785 soldiera. 'The. enemy's attacks 'against... tie German positions near Boureulles and Vauquois, to the east of the Argonne forest and to the east of Verdun failed completely.' ' H "Height 865. and the village of Nor- roy, to the . north of Pont-A-Mousson, which were taken by the - Germans on Feb. 13, have been evacuated after the destruction of the French fortifi cations. . The enemy had made no at tempt to re-conquer their positions. "Otherwise, there is nothing im portant to report on the western front. t "Near Tauroggen and - the district to the northwest of Grodam, the pur suing German froops are fighting the enemy. , A Russian detachment beaten near Kolno was, reinforced to the north of Lionza by fresh, troops. The enemy was then again attacked by us. "Engagements near Plock and Racionz have been 1 decided in favor of the .Germans. In these countries we have taken up to the present 3,000 prisoners. ' "There . is nothing new to report from the south of the Vistula river in Poland. 5 : "The results obtained near the East Prussian frontier are Increasing in our favor. So far we have taken 64,000 prisoners, '71 guns, more than 100 ma chine guns, three hospital trains, air craft, 150 cars filled with ammunition,' searchlights, and countless cars filled with goods and horses.. Further in crease of booty can be expected." AUSTRIAN Vienna,. Feb. 18 Official reports given out in Vienna say that after two days , of hard fighting the Austrians have occupied the town of Kolomea in Bukowina. "This success was achieved yester day afternoon by means of a general attack on the Russian positions," the. report says. "We drove the enemy, in spite of his stubborn resistance. out of his last positions in 'front of Kolomea, thus reaching the town at one operation. We prevented the Russians from blowing up the bridge over the river Pruth. The Town clear of retreating Russians, was oc cupied by . us. We captured 2., 0 0 0 prisoners and several machine " guns and light cannon. . "In the Carpathian section, as far as VischkofT, the fighting continues with great ferocity, four thousand additional prisoners having been brought in." . RUSSIAN Petrograd, Feb. -18. The general staff of the Russian army has issued a report on the progress qfthe fighting as follows: "On the right bank of the Vistula the fighting has been goins oh in al most the same location with great fe rocity in certain sectors. "In the region of the Nieman river we have found only patrols of the enemy., r "On the left bank of the Vistula there has been no change. "In Oalicia. we repulsed an ' attack on the Khava-Vikorotseh front with great losses to the enemy. Further to the east the enemy endeavored to at tack us in the region of Loubne-Stou- denne but without success. In repelling- this attack we made prisoners or 10 officers and 1,400 soldiers and cap tured three machine guns. "On the front from Koziouska to Mount Vyschkoff. the Germans deliv ered a series of determined and spir ited attacks, forcing themselves vig orously in the direction of Mount Vy schkoff. All these advances were re- i pulsed with heavy losses to the en- the province. An official com munication from Vienna says the Russians have been driven from the town of Kolomes in Buko ' wina. A report from the Russian war offices, however, asserts there is ho change in Bukowina. It. speaks of ferocious fighting in' northern Poland and says that the Russians have won the ad vantage in several engagements in Galicia. -, v Turkey has yielded to Greece and offered satisfaction for the insult to the Greek naval attache at Constantinople. The incident is now closed. . Fourteen members of " the crew of the Zeppelin which was destroyed over Fance Island were rescued and interned there by the Danish authorities. The air ship, one of . the largest of the German dirigibles, caught fire While cruising over the island. enry. Almost an entire battalion was put to the bayonet; the rest of the Germane were made prisoners. . There is no change in Bukowina." FRENCH Paris, Feb. I. Th Kn is flee this afternoon issued a report on the progress of the. war reading as follows: , , "From the sea to the Oise nothing new was recorded last night. "It has been confirmed that the suc cessful surprise movement which made us , master of the two lines of German trenches to the north of Arras, northwest" of Rollncourt, in flicted heavy losses on the enemy. "We captured & bomb thrower and several hundred bombs. "In the valley of the Aisne and in the section of Rheims there have been artillery engagements in which . our batteries have had distinctly the ad vantage. '. v ' - . ',--,:' '.:''""-- ' j ' "In the region of Perthes all the territory conquerea oy us yesteraay and the day before has been retained. Among the numerous prisoners , on Feb. 16 and 17 are found officers and men of the Sixth and Eighth corps of the active army and of the Eighth, Tenth and 12th corps -of the reserve army. ' .. "In the Argonne we have also main tained the advances won in the for est of LaGuerie, to the south of Fon- taine-Aux-Charmes. Furthermore we have made some progress in the vicin- itv nf Bonarnies. Hill No. 263. 'Our successes - between the: Argonne and the Meuse reported in the official communication of the evening of Feb. IT, have made us masters of a ' forest located to the south of the Forest of Cheppy. ' We have, furthermore "viade an advance of about 400 yards to the north of Malancourt and we have made almost as much at a. point to "the south of the Forest De Forges. All these gains nave oeeu reuiiucu vy ua. "From the Meuse to the . Vosges there is nothing to report. BRIDGEPORT MOURNS CHARLES J. MURPHY, THE BASEBALL COP Charles J. Murphy," the stalwart bluecoat who for many years kept back the baseball fans along the first base line at Newfield park,; died at his home, 53 Jones avenue, last night, after a long illness. Murphy was struck by -an automobile many months ago: and while he was laid up, complications developed from which though naturally of unusually pow erful physique, he was unable to rally. Murphy was one of the; best (known men of the city. He often guarded city work, directing traffic through torn-up streets," in this .way becoming a familiar figure. A mason by trade, though of late years he did not fol low the craft, serving almost exclu sively as a special policeman. . .The deceased was a native of Ire land. . He came to America as a youth, and spent the greater part of his life in Bridgeport. He was ad mitted to the, special police force about 20 years ago. For a number of years ( he was night watchman , at the city yard. He was watchman, too, on the docks where the work was in progress for the construction of the first of Simon, Lake's submarines. Known as a conscientious and fear less officer, he was rarely out of em ployment ,in a position calling for more than average reliability. Young Bridgeport knew Murphy best as the baseball cop. . Murphy of ficiated for years at Newfield park, and the approach of the giant special, brandishing his elub, was sufficient to frighten off , the enthusiastic youngsters who in their glee crowded too far upon the field. But he was noted, too, for the exercise of good judgment, depending more upon words than force to preserve the peace. He is survived by his widow, three sons, Michael J., David F., and Wil liam Murphy and two daughters, Mrs. Joseph Bennett and Agnes Murphy. Another son, John, died a few months ago. All the surviving sons are members of the special police de parement. There are many-, relatives surviving In Ireland. WEATHER FORECAST Fair tonight and Friday, strong northwest winds probably reaching gale force off the coast. Kaiser Contends That England's Course in Or dering Merchantmen to Fly Neutral' Flags " Renders Nugatory the Right of Search and Gives Germany Right to Attack All English Shipping. , . -B.ernri, jtfeD. its. xne reply 01 u-exmany "Do trie pro test of the United States against a blockade of British waters explains that Germany's proposed action is ren dered necessary by Great Britain's policy 6i attempting to cut off the food supply for the German civil population by a method never recognized in international law. Eng-, land's course in ordering merchantmen to fly neutral flags,, equipping them with artillery with orders to destroy sub marines, the German reply contends, renders nugatory the right of search, thus giving Germany the light to at tack English shipping. Germany holds that she cannot abandpn that right under the stress which England has iorced upon her. Since Germany must compel the na tions with which she is at war to re turn to the recognized principles of international law and restore the free dom of the seas, she argues, that the stand she has taken Is necessary. ' The note recommends that the Unit ed. States government send warships to England to convoy .merchant vessels-through the danger zone as se curity against attacks with the under standing that vessels thus, guarded shall carry no war supplies. Hope is expressed that the American govern ment will understand the position In which Germany has been placed and appreciate the reasons for Its course. The "reply closes with an expression of the hope that the United States may prevail upon Great Britain "to return to the principles of internation al la.TO recognized prior to the out break of the war" and in particular obtain the observance of the London declaration by belligerents offered to Germany. If this were done, the note . explains, . Germany would be enabled t impuri food . supplies and. raw ma terJalSEA Germany" wo-uld recognize in this, says the . reply, an Invaluable service toward a more humane . con duct of the war and would act in ac cordance with the new situation thus created. .' ' . ;' , , .- . The text of the German govern ment's reply to the American note Is in part: . ; , "The imperial government has ex amined the communication from the United States government in the same spirit of good .will and friendship by which the communication appears to have been -dictated. The imperial government is in accord ' with the United States government that f or both parties it is in a high . degree1 de sirable to avoid misunderstandings which might -arise from measures an nounced . by the - German admiralty and to provide against the occurrence of incidents which might trouble the friendly relations which bo far hap pily exist between the , two govern ments. "With regard to the result of these friendly : relations, the German gov ernment believes that it may all the more- reckon on full understanding with , the United States as to the "pro cedure announced by the German ad miralty, which -was fully explained In the note of the 4th instant is in no way directed against the legitimate commerce and legitimate shipping of neutrals, but represents solely a meas ure of self-defense imposed on Ger many by her vital interests against England's method of warfare Which Is contrary to . international law and Which so far no protest by neutrals has succeeded in bringing back to the generally recognized principles of law as expressed, before the outbreak' of the war. . "Th - American government, as Germany readily acknowledges, has protested against the British pro cedure. In spite of these protests and "protests from the other neutral states, Great , Britain could not be Induced to depart from the course of her action she had decided upon, Thus, for Instance, the American ship Wllhelmina recently was stopped by the British althougfi her cargo was destined solely for the German civil population, according to the express declaration of the German govern ment, was to be employed only for this purpose. . "Germany is as good as cut off from her over-seas supply by the silent or protesting toleration of neutrals, not only in regard to such goods as are absolute contraband but also In re gard to such according to acknowl edged law before the war, are only conditional contraband or not con traband at all. Great- Britain, on the other hand, is with the tolerance, of neutral governments not only sup plied with such goods as are not con traband or only conditional contra band, but with goods which are re garded by Great Britain if sent ot Germany as absolute . contraband, namely, provisions, industrial raw materials, etc., and even goods which haVe always indubitably been re garded as absolute contraband. , "The German government feels itself obliged to point out with the greatest emphasis that a traffic in arms; esti mated at many hundreds of millions. is being carried on between American firms and Germany's enemies. "In view of this situation, Germany, after 'six months of patient waiting, sees herself obliged to answer Great Britain's murderous method of naval warfare with sharp counter measures. "Germany trusts tl.t the neutrals who so far have subniitted to the disadvantageous-consequences of Great Britain's hunger war in silence or merely in registering a protest, will display towards Germany no smaller " measure of tolwration even If Gfersian Mtaores, like those of G!reat Britain. present new terrors . of nairal war fare. "Moreover, the German sovermnent Is resolved to suppress with all the means at its disposal the Importation of war material to Great Britain and her allies and she takes it for granted that neutral governments which so far have taken steps against the traffic in arms with Germany's enemies will not oppose forcible suppression toy Ger many, of this trade. Germany is ready finally to delib erate wlth.tha United States concern ing Any measures which might securn the safety of, legitimate shipping of neutrals in the war zone. Germany cannot, however, forbear to point out that all Its efforts in this direction may be rendered very difficult, by two circumstances: - First, the misuse of neutral flags by British merchant ves sels which Is Indubitably known to the United States; second, the contraband trade already mentioned, especially, in war materials, on neutral- vessels. "Regarding- the latter point. Ger many would fain hope that the United States, after further consideration. will come to a conclusion correspond ing to the spirit of real neutrality re garding the first point. "Germany rejoices that the United States has made representations to Great Britain ' concerning illegal use of their flag. 'Tn order to prevent, in the sur est manner, the consequences of con fusion though naturally not so far as mines are concerned Germanv recommends that the United statsa 'make their strips which are conveying peaoenu cargoes inrougn tne .British war ' zone dlsoernable by means of convoys. . - "Germany Is loJfned to the confl-. dent belief that the United States ! will be able to appreciate In Its en-' tlra . significance the heavy ,; battle which Germany is waclng for exist-, ence and that from the foregoing ex-.; planationa and promises It will sx-, quire full understanding "of the mo-; Uves and the aims of the measures announced by Germany." EXPLOSION KILLS MANY '.IN PARIS Paris, Feb. 18 Several men wers. killed or Injured In an explosion which occurred yesterday in the Chadde Ex plosives Factory at Albertvllle. The accident happened while . government , chemists were making experiments. ; The laboratory .was badly damaged. BLOCKADE HOLDS SHIPS 111 ENGLAND London. Feb. 18 The Immediate effect of the , German submarine blockade of the British Isles begin-, nlng today, was to tie up passensrer traffic from England to Holland. The Scandinavian Lines, however, have not as yet been affected. ' . Both the Zeeland and. the Bataviei lines "have cancelled all passenger service to Holland although they are continuing their freight and mall traffic The Wilson line to Scandi navian ports is running as usual. TURKEY RETRACTS INSULT TO GREECE London; Feb. 18 Turkey has yield ed to the demand, for satisfaction made by Greece because of the insult offered an. attache of the Greek lega tion at Constantinople. The director-general of police of Constantinople, it - is officially an nounced, has visited the Greek lega tion in thatcity and, in the presence of all, the members of the, staff, for mally expressed his regret at the In sult offered the Greek naval attache. He promised-further that an official communication to this effect would be published in the press. The incident is now regarded as closed. The tug Owen J. McWilliams came into the harbor with five loaded bi' for Bridgeport manufacturers. The tug James McWilliams left iort early this morning going weal wit- six light boats.