BRIDGE? OR TE VENING FARMER
"-' ' ' i ' (FOUNDED 1790.)
P.UIilbe4 Ib . Fanner ruhlishin g Co., 179 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport,
1 V '-. -J . - .;. ... ...-,! -." Coon. -.'. i i
..BUSINESS . . fJjTrJi., EDITORIAL
...... ' FOBEIGX REPRESENTATIVES , , (
Bryant. Grlflfitli & Iredricks, New Tork, Boston, and Chlcajto
THCRSDAT.EB. 18, 1915.
PREFER PROFITS BEFORE FLAGS
"T!r HERE SHQULD by aJl means be an investigation into the
-iL facts connected wth the defeat of the merchant marine
bill, to enable the American people to understand the conditions
surrounding this important measure. .
It would be interesting 46 know what relation to the agi
tation of the question has been borne by J. P. Morgan & Co.,
the International Merchant Marine Company, which. operates
some of the chief lines' of transatlantic navigation, and the atti
tude of other companies which sail ships under foreign flags.
It is passing strange if American ship-owners who fly for
eign flag over their ships to avoid the laws of their country
can secure the defeat of useful national legislation. The coun
try, should be grateful to the New York World which, in a in
teresting editorial favoring the shipping bill, directs attention to
the influence of shipping interests, that pre fer profit before any
flag whatever. - '
amount of double their capital stock, a proposition as profli
gate, as opposed to public policy, and as injurious to private
capital and public credit as any of the reckless legislation un
der which the railroad system of New England has been wreck
ed. If this bonding bill should become a law, it will prove
that the General Assembly either cannot, or does not care to,
learn by experience. ;. . -
IS ATTACKED BY
Mrs. Hepburn Tells Legislators
"Antis" Have Stony v
Secret Ally. Y
WON'T KNOW WHAT SUNK THEM, OR WHO
fPHE SUBMARINE and the mine promise to bring new com
.IL plexities to war. Great Britain expresses the opinion
that Germany may. blow a neutral ship or two out of the water."
Germany says it will b jusi like Great Britain to do that, for
the purpose of involving the former with neutrals. tV
The fact is that a ship may be sunk anywhere in the war
zone at sea and nobody have the least idea who is 'responsible.
The periscope of a submarine does not identify. ' Frequently
not even this is above water, when the fatal torpedo is launch
ed. The very crew of a vessel cannot tell whether it was sunk
by a torpedo, by. a mine, and sometimes do not know that the
explosion may not have been internal, v To this ; ver day the
United States does not know, what happened to the Maine, The
: British probably do not know whether the Audacious was sunk
: by a submarine, or by a mine, or whether, if she was torpedoed,
' one, two or three torpedoes hit her.
;i Thc best thing neutral commerce can do is stay out of the
areas warned as dangerous.
LEARNING IN A COSTLY SCHOOL
I "HE CITIZENS, are beginning to realize the results' of May
JL " Or Wilson's fiscal policy, which .began with a proposi
ition to bond for improvements, and lay a fifteen mill tax rate,
and which will end in a tax rate of more than twenty .mills, and
diminished improvements for years to come. -
The Board of Apportionment and Taxation has fixed a pre-
liminary rate of 19.5 mills, which it will try to cut to 1 mills.
At 18 mills this rate will actually; be higher than that of a
year ago, which included af mill ; tax for school houses, and a
mill for state fax. In this rate no provision" is to be "made f 05
state tax; and but half a mill is voted for school houses.;.
In repeated instances sums which, in the past, would have
been met from income are thrown out, to be met from the pro-
'ceeds of bonds, or.not at all.
. In the meantime there waits, to be issued, when political
conditions promise the greatest results from the expenditure of
the money, something like $1,400,000 more of bonds, which, for
interest and contributions to principal will require another mill
on the tax rate. V1 ; f 1 "
:i But the tax rate is not a true measure of the profligacyof
the Wilson administration. - That will be found in the figures
of the municipal administration before Mayor Wilson took of
fice, and the figures when he goes out. y 'v-' :'-- V
At the end of his second term it will probably.be discov
ered that the. annual expense of administration has been in
creased by close to a" million dollars under his financial pro-t
gram." It will be a costly lesson; but the taxpayers elected to
learn it and thus the facts are. '-
NEW HAVEN'S PROMISE TO BE GOOD
- " ' AND THE RAILROAD BONDING BILL
f r.HJnHE- MOST recent communication from the directorate of
JL ' the N ew Haven railroad, is addressed to the Public Util
ities Commissions of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connec
ticut and reflects a chastened spirit. Y- Y '
; - It contains a list of corporations from which it has already
been separated by a court decree, and from which it is soon to
he divorced Jby sale. ,
These corporations include many of those of which the In
terstate Commerce Commission said: 7 '
In the search for truth the commission had to overcome many
obstacles, such as the burning of books, letters, documents and the '
- obstinacy of witnesses who decHned to testify until criminal pro
: ceedinga were begun for . their refusal to answer questions. The ,;
New Haven system had more than 800 subsidiary corporations, in
a web of entangling alliances jwith each other, many of which. were
seemingly planned, created and manipulated by lawyers expressly
retained for purposes of concealment and deception.
Among the properties to be sold are the Boston Holding Co.,
which was "used in the despoilment of the Boston & Maine
paid.- ;- ' ."-'v-"r';-; ); . r --
The Connecticut and Massachusetts trolleys,' which were
1 acquired at prices "exorbitantly in excess V of their market
value. For these, "Millions was wasted that bring an annua:
;. deficit, instead of a surplus and constitute a liability instead of
, an asset in the New Haven system. ,: V ,
, 1 ' The Westchester acquisition is to be retained. It must ever
; remain "A story of profligate waste," a railroad which is -not
I only not accessary part of the New Haven system, but which
j parallels its already existing line. ; .. ; v :
"For this property; the enormous sum of $36,434,000 was ex
pended, it is being operated at an annual loss of $1,250,000 and
.7 will have to increase its earning four .and one-half fold before
t : it can pay its operating expenses and fixed charges." " 1
The steamships also it proposes to keep, the Interstate Com
i merest Commission permitting. For these it paid $24,772,416 ac
' aulrinsr a property with a physical value of $10,000,000.
The Eastern Steamship Company is thrown overboard. It
; was organized in 1912, to operate certain steamships owned by
I the New Haven, and is, as the directors remark, now in the
' hands of a receiver.
Yet, despite all its promises of good behaviour, the New
, Haven is behind a bill in Hartford, which will permit the rail
I road and trolley, lines of Connecticut to issue bonds' to the
" WORLD'S BULLY
a -ktt r a vrtaTPT?
For Early Spring, Light Weight Goats.
NAith Fkipples and Flares.
Such a relief as it is to see comfortable ,
fullness in spring clothes alter the scant
f'irr'hTnsK" that has dominated feminine at-
( Special to the Farmer.)
Hartford, FeTs. 18 That the so
called "liquor lobfoy" Is working with
the anti-suffragists to. defeat woman
suffrage in this state. Was the charge
made toy Mrs.. Thomas N. Hepburn
J president of the Connecticut Woman
1 rt Mm - i i - linViwn
to the members of the General As
semtoly yesterday. Mrs. Hepburn said
the "liquor lobby " is Tuey at. The cap
itol : and its interests are , in the in
terests of the "antis" ' campaign.
About 100 members of ' the General
lAesemlbly were ; present The ex
ecutive iboard of the association, re
ceived. assisted :by Mrs. F. S. Butter
worth, Miss Elise Farnum and Miss
Olive Dann, of New Haven.' A very
daintv lunch was served, and the
Votea-f or-Woman cigars v proved
Miss Alyse Gregory , said , that the
atiti-suftragiets had given out to the
press statements which reported to
toe from the secretaries of the aurer-
ent suffrage states : in regard to
whether women used the vote. ' Miss
Gregory said that the suffragists had
tried to verify1 these statements at
the state library, ibut that they could
not toe verified. "The ,fact is,'' Miss
Gresrorv said. "that in the states
where women have lbeenr allowed to
vote they vote in about the same pro- I
portion as men and ; in the states
where they have had the vote.' the
longest' time the largest vote Is cast
by the women." : V
The neoct sneaker was Mrs. Arnold
X Geell of New Haven. . ' Mrs. Ge-;
sell presented the following striking '
ifigures from California , in following
up Miss Gregory's statement that the
women did use the vote. ; In 1908
before women could vote the ' total
vote cast for president .was , 386, 597f
In 1910, 'before women could vote, the
total vote cast for governor was 385,-
652J ' Ir 1912, after women could
vote tlie total vote cast for president
was ft78,527 and in 1914 after wom
en could vote, the total vote cast
for governor,' was ,926,754.' ; V-
Mrs. Ernest Thompson Seton said,
Even the women In the. homes need
votes now in order to, do the, work
which they have done through all the
ages. In the old days each family
had its own cow and spinning wheel.
There were no factories, the children
had all their .., schooling at . home.
There were , practically no ' public
amusements, in fact, life was not or
ganized on the 'social basis that it
is today. , Government how touches
women's work. . in hundreds of ways
In which it did not touch it in the
past, that is f hy votes for women
has become a practical necessity to
all classes of women. Miss Isabella
Sanders spoke next."! Miss Sanders
said: '.'V ?"'--v
"The great industrial change Is not
the only change that has affected the
position of women. .' The' status of
women has changed also' and if our
Constitution was toeing made ; today
women would undoubtedly toe given
votes." .':,'..' . . ;
Miss Pierson spoke next and said:
"The sense of justice of -the average
man is going to give women votes
Just as the sense ' of justice . of the
average man did' when aroused to
the helpless position in which worn-.
en found themselves gave women the
right to toe educated, the right to go
to college, the right to own property
and the right to toe equal guardians
of their children with their father."
Mrs. M. Toscan Bennett,' the treas
urer of the association, said: - , "As
men now have "the toaaiot in Connec
ticut and women have not, I feel that
men ought to realize its importance
to women ever' more' than women
should. . , Some men seem to feel that
they can shoulder off ' the responsi
bility of this question onto the worn-'
en and say 'My wife wouldn't let me.'
As the Constitution, puts the respon
sibility of deciding this question up
on the electors, it is the duty of
men to make "up their minds upon
it and then convert, if necessary, the
women in their families. Some of
the best suffragists I know have ?een
converted toy their husbands."
Editor of The Bridgeport Farmer:
The really neutral stand of , the
Farmer In reporting with equal prom
inence to both sides and in equal ten
or, all news which comes to 'us from
the European battle fronts, is truly 1 for the last year. (Joats and gowns are
nnmmeTiil9.hle. Tf nil nf our Amerl- I X " a
can press was as fair, the people of almost normal, or promise to be. . "We have to
our country would be in a better 1 tn -
position to judge the warring na- mention a group or, new bprmg Uoats, ex
tions properly. unaouDteaiy xne rea- i. , .. it t .-
Bon for the number among us who tremely attractive styles, for early spring:
otoiia tha Rri ti aVi ioiiaa ia ir fVo i"i rat I J.
place,, that our very ; , first reports Scotch Tweeds, indistinctly plaided, light
sources for the reason that our tans and browns, lined "witli darker snadesr
German cable had been mysteriously! " , ti' i, j "!Ji.i-
cut: and the press, once taking the grays lined witn black, and m some combma-
A very smart looking
stand favorable to the Allies, is now 1 4? --itit&
loath to suddenly acknowledge that I w.uii jj-lic vj. xc&.
it has been mistaken. ,A noticeable I naanvi-ma-rvt'
change is taking place in the sym- clB&Ul LllieiAl-
t olrt I Black and wWte, and dark blue and white
course which are practically owned raig and cheCKS, the Sensible COatS for Ser
in London- aa are Some of our New r "r 1 -
JLuixk. fapci o. j. xa iJKjaaxuivs ta,inu xxetc i -y P.fl cjTCi J,JkXI VV Cell
v uius 3 uo at uiii . juiii- i
mon sympathy for England. It will
VtA ftm Hi T v noon hAW oosllv -or a mlp-ht:
misunderstand the' motive of those:! napd VPTV TTLUCXl IOr eVeninST Wear.
who sDeak a stranrs toneue. more
English Basket Clotn uoats,wnite plaided
with a color, quite in favor with misses and
Chinchillas and Polo Cloths in pure white;
Covert Cloths, genuine Warumbo Coverts,
especially too when the case is first
presented to us by the nation which
speaks our own language.
At this date however, it does rx6t
seem American of four press to show
such very evident partisanship to the
world's bully and gangster. For
tacit and roh nay to km, his pros- coat lined with apple green satin that runs to
perous neigliDor, John Bull has t i tt j? a i '
rounded together his cut-throat gang a collar of peacock blue. Very letchmg com-
of Indians, blacks, Japs, apaches of I 'Kirmfinn
France .nd Tliissian unarnhlsita TTn I Lil-UJJ.
has intrigued with his prosperously Gabardines and Chuddah Coats in black and colors.
WUlftli MW1 D VCi J .,11 1C11U9 . t Bdt. LI1C1I I " i ' 'm' 1 1 V ''" ' i Mil" 1
honor for a price that the neighbor Tnese Coats vary in lengtn ana are cut witn gracciui nnes, long nares ana rip-
justify his cause by an argument of a I pies, many of them having a touch of military piquancy in rows' of little buttons" and
did not really exist), an argument as DraiU. auoriUlltJIiLK.
transparent as that "the world owes! i . :Timnn5nTi ia
me a living" argument of our city An inspection IS invite a.
thugs.-' And then when his cowardly
gang is beaten off, and he is himself
scratched, he cries and howls and
protests that the struggle is not fair.
Typically a gangster! '
England has visited our own land
with . rapine and plunder, our Amer
ica. , England has since applied the
torch and steel to many another fair
land,--and "now she wails if her
shores are attacked in" a' struggle of
A window -display on Fairfield At. will
hiiui are auausea 111 a struggle oil . ...... . -. , n j
her own collusive plotting, it has j give a little idea o tne enormous assort-
been proven conclusively that the I '-.. li-n-n Vionrl Vo-nViio-Fa n "hf
neutraUty of Belgium was merely a ulcut.UJ- Fu.lc uuu uuuv.., ...
phrase, and did not actually exist at I favorite priCC ' ' :
all. It has been shown that Great! ... . . . , - v ''-
uemsntcnea wnn emcroiaeiea cojt-
Britain had for some time been plan
ning an offensive war in combination
with the other great , powers of Eu
rope 'against Germany. And . now
there comes to us letters and reports
from England "begging for . American
intervention and aid, showing ' the
whining of a whipped bully.- It is
surprising' that any - American' can
sympathize with ' such a - combatant.
Nor do pur nation's leaders sympa
thize with them; for while they have
found 'ho cause to protest Germany's
action to date, England's action on
the contrary has been subject to con
tinual protest from our government.
I have tried to feel neutral in this
over-sea war; but- when I consider
the- possibility of a victorious . Eng
land, enriched by , her spoliation of
Germany's wealth,': and strengthened
by her seizure of Germany's ,- naval
force,, and when I consider the 'Anglo
Japanese alliance, and the Anglo
jealousy of America, I shudder for
our own U. S. ' A; vlt has been argued
that Germany had designs against
America. , A thoughtful person can
readily perceive the futility of . any
navy the size of the present German
navy attacking us ' at such a great
distance' from any naval base. "With
ners, ' , .
Armenian hand-hemstitched, v
With woven borders, ;
With double hemstitching,
With lace edging, ' .
With embroidered scallops.
Every one guaranteed pure linen,
..- v - ;'V-y.-';; Second floor.
- Art Needlework ;'.
, Section. ,- iif
! A new assortment of Royal Society
Packages, and all kinds of" needed gar
ments are contained therein with mater
ials necessary for work. -
Blouses, - Aprons, 'all lingerie gar
ments for women as well as household
Children's and Infants Dresses,
Sacques" and Bootees, 1 -
Knitting and Crochet Needles,
Sweet Grass Baskets,
Sweetmeat and Biscuit Boxes, tin cov
ered with cretonne. : -
N Main floor.
Black Crepe' de Chines, Canton Crepe and Charmeuse, $1.39 a yard.
An exceptional offer. Please, examine ' '
Deposits held, by Chicago banks in
creased $90,000,000 since January 1.
A well dressed -man, who refused o
give his name, created a panic in the
lobby of the Hotel McAlpin, New; York,
when he fifed a blank cartridge at
Samuel Ij. Hains, ,of Philadelphia, a
guest of the hotel, crying, "You are a
German spy." . . ; . ' ". -
The D: M. Read Company.
n.nd th nresent Mrs. August Belmont
the Anglo-Japanese alliance however was Eleanor Robson, the famous ac-
a direct menace to our : national tj.esa One of his sons; Raymond,
safety presents itself. This alliance greatly grieved his father toy marry-
is capable of attacking both ? our ing a chorus girl, "but the romance
shores with a naval force more than f ih youngsters was a short-lived
three times that of the- United States,
and many naval - stations r within a
day's sail of our largest cities would
supply them With the wants of. war.
Ir. this connection-, it is well- to re
member the threatening attitude of
both Japan and England at various
times during the past two years.
It is to be hoped that our roally
affair. Like his father, Mr. jweimont
has 1 been prominent in politics as
srf Democrat,, and in tne io con
vention in St. Louis he nominated
Judge Alton B. Parker for the- presi
dency. , ; " - i-'
The City of Havana and the City of
. , iii .., ... iMemtiMa. two of the four vessels or
j ! i u, IttiA Onan Steamship Co. that have
us newa xi - ucut.xa.s lumun uaul I . , . ,
such time as . events . shall prove de
cisively which side it will be to Amer
ica's advantage to favor.
. ...... ; ' . C. H. R.
safely crossed the Atlantic with cot
ton cargoes, were cnanerea yra.i-
veston for second voyages.
AUGUST BETiMONT, 63 TODAY, .,
. U. S. AGENT OF ROTHSCHIXiIXS.
To The Ford User
; We can supply you with
many things for your car,
The moment that Resinol Ointmefi '
touches itching skin the itching- stops
and healing begins. That is why doc
tors have prescribed it successfully for
twenty years in even the severest cases
of eczema, ringworm, rashes, and many
other tormenting, disfiguring skin di
seases. Aided by warm baths with
Resinol Soap, Resinol Ointment makes '
the skin or scalp perfectly healthy,
quickly, easily and at little cost. Try
them and see I Sold by all druggists.
. August- Belmont,. . the .New. Tork
traction magnate 7 and head of the
crftsi. ibankins ' house which reore
sents the Rothschilds in America, was q.t. money SaVlIlg prices
.S'rZVZl OUABANTEED TIKES.
of which he is the chief, was founded 3Q X 3 Plain Net . . . '. . . . $7.53
ty wa ratner, August iMimont, ar., 1 orv o-t rT4 TvT-t- ' Q Tt
v.. .10 itwvr-n In nrminr nurlir Oil 1 OVv -i itlH iCl. 4 -
century ago. The elder Belmont was 30 X 3 Non Skid i . . . . $7.86
apprenticed at the age of fourteen to on 'oi TSJti HWI 1 0 1 4
thR Rothschild's bankin house in o(J X 6V3. JNOn CSKla. . . .JpAW.J.
Frankfort, where he received his first j TUBES ! TUBES !
lessons in msn nuance. ne snowea n r - (t!1 CK
such aptitude that, when only twenty- SO X O tirey - .pX.DO
one, he was sent to Havana to look 3Q X 3V2 Grey .... ... .$1.89
he was speedily promoted to New JrA TTead PlUf? . . .60C each
York, wnere ne esiamisnea tne firm j . . -p, tfo AA
r Ano-iict "Rpilmrmt- Jt- Crw .nrl with I "-.'- '- -4- M OT Pt.UvS
the wealth and influence of the great j ElCetlTC Head -Light. . .$2.45
European Dansing nouse oemna mm. I TT , , . . . . a-i iye
soon became a financial power in the XTTe JOluer ......... . pA.0
new world. He was active in poll- Qjl GraUfjeS . . . . . . . . . . . . 20C
tics, as a Democrat, and represented . P 0 'A'I'-i'l'' nnn
his adopted country abroad as con- Uut. vUt oet C-Ompie te ... OUC
sul-general . of Austria and minister Radius Rod Socket Spring
to : Holland. - His son August, al- pzrZ
thoiiarh vounger than Perrv Belmont OUC
who chose the law as profession, be- Brake Rod Support Spring
came the . head of the house when -r-r i j 4 - t:nZ
the founder died in 18 90. 7 and for a Holders per pair. . . . OOC
quarter of a century he Has been Brake SllOeS pair. . . , .$1.00
Wall street. In addition to his bank- Fan Belts ..... .20C and 40C
ing interests, he is a large holder of Radiator CapS ......... 35C
ing the New- York subways and ele- Hub Caps
vated lines, - and the nickels of the
strap-hangers of Gotham have added
largely to the family fortune. Aside
from finance, his chief interest Is
racing, and he was a prominent fig
ure on the turf when the sport of
kings flourished in New Tork. He
is also a yachtsman and a patron of
aviation. His first wife died in 1898.
BHD AD ST.
'CAR PiBE TO OTTTi CUSTOMERS
PROFIT SHARING WITH OUR EMPLOYEES
j COUPON GOOD
; "FRIDAY, FEB. 19 V
; llcmnants White and Cream
flannel. Worth 5c to 10c Witb
Coupon 3c. '-.'.'. .. .'
tAt Shilling Figured Flannel,
also remnants. Regular price
12c and 15c. With Coupon
" This is an accumulation of
remnants that have come to
light during inventory. 7e
want to close them out and
these prices will do it. ;
Better values than ever
before at our domestic coun
v LOWE'S XtAUIEDRY
IwflU la AU ttm
1126 MAIN STREET
QUALITY Lnm!i8F Means ECOOIaf
5Ca.llS,, eaves the workmen a ls3
. . . ox nana wotk, .
Enables him to do a larger day 's wcrSL
There are a lot of TTKW WBTMSXiES tn house feafSfSs
these days, brtnging th odm of boose ot'ectlou fiwa
to rock bottom. ' ' If yam am thinking of fmildtag -would
like to show you these things. . ' .
Frank Miller Lumber Go.
". s JOHN F. FAY
610 FAIRFIELD AVENUE
Furniture Dealer, Upholsterer and Cabinet Maker, Super
ior Fabrics for Furniture a,nd Draperies. Tel. 74
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