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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 23, 1915 the world has profited. Sanitation and right living are the RRlDGERORT EVENING FARMER rue preventives of disease. ; CM &.WM mi Co. (I"OtT7nEI 1790.) '5&21sbaa-bjEhvE',Iucr,' Bubliahin g C., 179 Fairfleltl Atol, .Bridiroport. . i". , Coon.. - 'qgpSSSt? F1KWK sawa. 1287. FOREIGN REPKESENTATTm, -BnanU Griffith A Fredrick. New York. Boston and Chicago TUESDAY, FEB. 23, 1915. BIRTHDAY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, GREATEST OF ALL DIARISTS THE FATE OF THE EVELYN. destruction would have been its por tion, and as for Mr. Fepys ouch I Of all . the pictures of England's past which have been handed down as p- heritage to the present genera tion, perhaps the clearest and most interesting was the literary wrk of. a man who had no thought of writ ing literature, and who doubtless nev er entertained the idea that his words would ever bo perused by any ! but himself. Samuel Pepya, the greatest of all diarists, was born 283 years ago today. Feb. 23.. 1632.- and died in 1703. NHfr-HI FIRST American ship to be sunk during the war is the Ha was secretary to the admiralty ; jsl , -, . , , , T -x-l in the reign of Charles II., , sat in-sev- ..; M -; Evelyn, out pf New York, and bound for; Bremen with eral parliaments, and attained great a load of cotton. She nresents a characteristic case, of a kind wealth. Yet he would long since likely to occur hereafter.': 'It does not appear whether she was frank aild preserved chronicle of wrefikfid hv a. minfi. nr hv a iomedn. fifed from a submarine. I hls daily life, set forth in his diary, - ' ' :.., ' I IT! Whlf h n PTVASI n - en - ! Q -f a n It does not appear, and may never appear," whether the damage amusing a picture of the English was caused by an English, or a German mine ; or by an English opie, court ana customs of the sev- 'or a-German torpedo. The presumption is that the damage was jthe first Dutch war; the London nrevi caused by British means, since it occurred near a German port, ana piague. ana other great events v . ' ..... I are mentioned in his diary, but far and held a cargo intended for a-uerman aesunauon. . i more interesting are Ms entertaining It must not be overlooked, however, that a secret warfare, observations on more transient mat- such as the submarine peculiarly represents any belligerent Shakespeare had been in his grave may sink a ship in such a way as to convey the idea that the P81 jobwas done by some other belligerent, it is, in snort, lmpron- yet become an object of veneration. able the owners of the ships will 'be permitted to know who v-"m wh" ' wrecked them, unless it suits the power concerned to furnish j ridiculous play that ever i saw in the information. v . , , , The owner of the Evelyn , seems little excited about, the fate of his boat, which leads to the conclusion that he is a phi losopher; or that he was fully indemnified against possible dis aster, , before the Evelyn began her trip. . ; p ; ' Usually,? when goods are shipped to. Europe nowadays, this is the situation of. the American shipper.: The loss falls upon " one of the countries at' war. This turnisnes another reason ! why the United Slates should : declare a war zone in which European necessity is predominant to the exclusion of the or ; dinary rights of neutral trade. Into this zone American ship :. pers would go at their own .risk. ' , ' ' GERMANY AT THE PANAMAPACIFIC INTER . , , NATIONAL EXPOSITION THE SCATTERED POWER OF NEUTRALS. my life." Again he wrote: To Deptford by water,- reading "Othello, Moor of Venice,"' which I' have ever heretofore esteemed a mighty ' good play; but having so lately read the Adventures of Five Hours," it seems a mean thing. ' . Pepys was a faithful public servant a churchman of Presbyterian -inclin ations, and a very respectable citi zen -but also a bit too fond of pret ty ladles, although married to a wo man he adored. He admits that his attendance at church , was often as much inspired by a desire to gaze up on lovely girls as by religious aspira tions. When his wife accompanied him to the sacred edifice, howerer, he he apparently did not. find the con gregation: so . interesting, - for he wrote: "After j dinner,, to . church again, my wife and I, where we had a dull sermon. . which made me sleep." . . . : ' !.. lestuiiiig I those days, it seems: "I heard a good j TT F GENTLEMEN who are anxious the ; United States shall j JL .mix in 'the European war, for the sake of order" or for-the purpose of ' reestablishing international law," sermon or ur, Bucta, one i never would kindly furnish a statement of the means which this coun- I Mr. jpepys, like we moderns, had Irv rn nsft in fhft iiftrfnrmn.nf!0 of that task, it Will be simnlified. &1S troubles with the cook: "My wife " " - - , .w . .wn .umuuv.., v (outbreak of war, had an organized strength,' on paper of!27, f 000,000 men. ; These nations controlled 95 out of 140 first class modern war ships,; and the rest of the things. that go to make fup a navy, in. the same proportion. , , , ' -Thevorgamzed swetigtn on paper oi trie remaining armies of the world, as they -stood at the outbreak of the war, exclusive I beauties of nature." 4 of China,' was 'ii,000,0(X) men. Assuming . that these could be Grey,e's ,Inn wall al sauce of which being made sweet, I I was angry at t, and ate none." ' But he found consolation: "At dinner and supper I drank, I know not how, of I my own accord, so much wine, that I I was even almost foxed, and my head ached all night. Mr. Pepys visited Greye's Inn walk with his wife and "saw many Then, "I : to all alone, and with ormmzea mio-; one army ana assemmea oii, n,uropeau sou ioriwaik there ..,nnSa-. rf 'WataH eh , intornn Hz-krirtl ' low" wbinTi I 1118 aiarist am nor nesitate to cm f xjould not happen -what would they do in the presence oi c7,- with whom he was often brought in- 000,000 men, a large proportion of whom are now veteran sol- lluniTToJ-lst-fediers', better . equipped, trained and cared forthan any armies fioe and a simple one," it seemed to Jthe world ever knew before. , . . 1 'X Ttnt The' unitea states nas its nrst-ciass moaern snips ana an i great ladies of the period ; obtained army of 100,000-men. of a million men. spend , several billions oi dollars, and then I mond arranged that the king's H i J -.nlt f" . cuuhiu, lair i lances oiewarc There is but one reasonable attitude for the United States i to take; Most of civilization has gone to war. God alone knows I what for. "We do not. tit is not for us to mingle in a quarrel ' in which we have no, parL We have gome trade, but .this is conducted almost entirely I found that hidden diary. at tha risk of the belligerents. . They pay the bills , and they eland the losses. And if ..they did not, pay, what standing has jour right to .trade, compared with the right of civilization to I light for its life. Shabby indeed would this nation appear, should it, for- ; eooth. enter into this great world conflict, upon the theory that our right to peacefully transport weapons to- nations lighting for existence has been interfered' with: President Wilson, who did not go into, Mexico, will' use: his best endeavors to see that we do not go into Europe, except as i mediators. should leave- .the court privily, . and join him at; the Beare at the Bridare foot,, where a coach was ready, and they are stole away into Kent, with out the king's leave." Fortunate it was for Mr. Pepys, and for. posterity, that Mrs. PSpya never .Doubtless Quality, not quantity, is the domi nant note in . the displays by Ger many at the Panama-Pacific Interna tional Exposition.! In four of the great exhibit palaces 40,000 feet of space has been taken by the German government and by individual en trants, and these exhibits will reflect in their scope and detail the indus tries that have elevated Germany to a- high place among the producing nations, Particularly is this true of chemicals, in the extensive applica tion of which this nation has long led the world. . ' - : : . The use of dye stuffs, for instance, which are a. principal export of Ger many, will be exhaustively - shown, with a woman's gown in tha various stages of manufacture, from' the raw materia! to the finished silk with par ticular reference to the part dyes play as the medium of display. This will be in the Palace of liberal Arts, and in the same palace will be an elab orate display showing the evolution of the graphic arts SYieh as printing and the various- processes of photog raphy, in which' Germany again ex eels the world. , ', The government exhibit will t be about equally divided., between ; the palaces of Education, 5 Liberal Arts, Varied Industries and Machinery. - In addition to displays In these palaces by individuals there will be individT uaa. displays in . me -aiace oi Dine Arts and elsewhere. " In the Palace of Fine Arts, for example will be a dis-, play representing 'the1: best .forty paintings by the modern -school of German artists. .; Altogether the part that Germany will play in the expo sition will be increased rather than decreased by the war, the same thing being true with Germany that is true with other warring nations; there is a strong , feeling that the arts of peace should be prominently display ed in contrast to the business of war in which the nations are now: engag ed. :, ,; '..';!' w!.'..' The child : welfare work . for which Germany is noted : will be displayed with a thoroughness . under -the di rect supervision of Dr.. Philip. Eauer, the --eminent German- sociologist. Dr. Raue'r had charge of a similar ex hibit at .Dresden which attracted a great deal of - international attention. Included in the one thousand dif ferent articles on, display and sub mitted , for- award will . be ; German wines, the . famous , Rosenthal china. gold worke and beautifully embosed exalmple. of glassware from Theresi enthal; a , splendid exhibit ' by ' the Henkell, Solingen, Twin Steel works, known over the world ; for. the quali ty of their steel and cutlery and; the largest reproducing ; -organ - in ; the world from Frieberg. ' This latter will be in , the Palace, of Liberat Arts. - i : Bavarian vases wUl . .be shown, valued at $5,000 each and porcelains, together 1 with toys, for which Ger man manufacturers . are . world fa mous. :.,.-. . , Established 1857 -" - v- " ' , ' -i " -",J' ... ; A Dress Fabric distinctive and appropriate to the season. ' Silk and Wool Poplin. No longer do they say "Irish Poplin", yet there was a time when an Irish Poplin was good enough for a wedding gown, especially if the bride was a young woman of practical taste and habits. It would be hard to imagine a richer, more elegant fabric, either for street or house wear. , ' : It is shown at present in all new Spring shades that are in favor, "tpte de negre," wistaria, prunella, old blue, peacock and Copenhagen blue, gray, putty and sand color. Forty inches wide, $1.10 a yard V The Unusual in Veilings. Whichever , way the hatbrim tips, the Veil is adjusted to , hang like a curtain or flounce, to be blown at the sweet will of any coquettish spring breeze. : , .;..--- :.:' Russian Mesh, ( heavy,; with diamond motif 50 cts Trellis Veils, with hexagonal mesh. , Filet Veils; with black velvet borders 75 ct3 Made Veils, black, brown and taupe 50 cts to $1.25 "Chin. Chin" Veils, in variety 50 cts yd , . .. : Main floor, center. It is time to choose a There are some novelties at this early date. new Bag. Bags wear out. What wonder, when they are stuffed with every necessity the feminine fancy demands. V Recruits in England , Get Captured Cannon 1 London, Feb. i 2&-T-A11 the -machine guns captured - from the Germans by the British troops la. France and Flanders are being brought to Eng land for' distribution . among the-new army units' at their, training camps. The guns are very, similar to- those used in, the -British army, and, are being used for instruction purposes. The Peruvian government will im port flour from the United -States and sell it at cost price, to reduce the cost of -bread. . . Auto Leather Bags, nickel frames, inside pocket' with purse for coins and small mirror . . . . .'. ... . . ... .$3.00 Pin Seal Bags, same model as above nice, fsoft finish. . . . . . . .... ...... .$3.00 "Melon" Bags in pin seal,with gilt frames and fancy pearl clasps. ... .'. . . .$2.00 Comfortables. Silk-covered Lambs' "Wool in fancy floral designs, very dainty; and luxurious, " (', $7.50 Cottonfilled Comfortables in very attrac tive colorings ... . . ' . ' i . . . . i$2.50 and up 4 Morocco Bags with frames in gun metal or ; ; nickel, interior fitting complete : . $3.C3 Morocco Bags, novelties in envelope shape " , ' $2.25 and $2.E0 Morocco and Crepe Seal Bags with gilt frames and inside fittings . . , . . .51.50 - ' ' Leather Goods Section. v 1 1 . Men's Pajamas. Extra fine quality soisette, white and ligh 1 blue, ' - , $1.00 a suit' Look at them. The D. M. Read Company. TWO X(ATTIfIRIES IXX)TED. Two robberies of Chinese laundries are reported to police headquarters today.. The place of Charles Wing, 586 Bast Main street, entered Sunday night and J 3 taken from the cash drawer. -The laundry, of Joe Main, 271 East-Main street,. was also entered and 1 5 taken. Both places were brok en' into while the proprietors were absent. AP SHOWING WHERE MERCHANT SHIPS HAVE BEEN SUNK AROUND ENGLAND AND DISTANCES TO GERMAN SUBMARINE BASES. 1RAPF0RPb;&imiet:-. r.T?n&n r.-v FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE f.O OPFir? A TTVTT! car fare to otjb ctdstomers , yW VT JAV-CX x A raOFIT SHAKING WITH OUlt EMPLOYEES WAR AND SERUM THERAPY, TRAY INFORMATION arriving , from various war points . indicates that the several schemes of inoculation are .not working out as well as their devisers had hoped. Tetanus continues to prevail, despite most elaborate protection, with an-iti-tetanus serum. The Germany army has developed many cases ; of typhoid, despite most careful prevention by the appropriate i feerum. .'. The evidence of past wars throws doubt on the efficacy, of S typhoid inoculation.' ' The Japanese army, in the war with Rus- Isia,' was without, this, preventive, but suffered little with" ty- Iphoid iThe British'army in the South African war was largely 1 finoculated, but suffered severely: ,1 he Japanese sanitary ar- I rangements were better. . ; r - ;. Sir Frederick Treves," a "great British doctor,in concluding ! tremarks on this subject, on the occasion of the second Chad- wick lecture at Sandwith, said : f ' , . "I regret we have to admit eleven cases of typhoid in fully I protected men. . You will notice I have said nothing a-oout the possible '. dangers of ' inoculation, and with your permission I I will continue to say nothing, it is an awkward subject, which fT prefer to ignore." ,t ' . Yet, such is the effect of a hypothesis once received, that many men of a less scientific, quality of rnind than Sir Fred erick, resort to the old explanation so often given to account for thousands of cases of smallpox in thoroughly vaccinated per- sons to wEt, that the inoculation "was not effective. ' Says Sir James Barr, another British physician, in the Liv erpool Evening Express of Jan. 19: "Why then are the German line , soaked, or ridaied with typhoid as all accounts agree. The answer is simple. They! have had to call up reserves sooner than they expected, and the work of inoculation, even if it has been thoroughly carried out, which may be-regarded as doubtful, has necessarily been rush ed. ' i " ; :' The repeated inoculations of'soldiers for some four or five or six diseases cannot out exercise a deteriorating eiiect on I their efficiency. Yet there is little' doubt but that in the whole the men will come out of this war , suffering less from the ravages of dis ease, than has been the case in" most previous war. The Jap- frinase set an -example of sanitation, by which every army , in v ....... . .. : SmKHmH , , j: . ; .--2 . : . : J. mssm " - ':....-:---,.--v:M:-g)h :o The war zone proclaimed by Germany includes the entire coasts of all the British isles and the coast of northern France, including the , English channel. In these waters, already the following ships have been sunk, indicated by numbers on the map: 1, Amiral -Ganteaume, Oct. 26; 2, Malachite, Nov. 23; 3, Prime, Nov. 26; 4, Durward. Jan. 21; 5, Icaria, Jan. 30; 6 Toko Mara, Jan. 30; 1, Linda Blanche; 8, Ben Cruachan, and 9, Kilcoan, 'all sunk Jan. 30; 10, Ville de Lille, and 11, Dulwich, sunk on Feb. 16, and 12, Clitra, sunk on Oct. 20. In addition to .these, vessels the French steamship Dinorah (No. 13) and. the Norwegian steamship Bel ridge (No. 11) were torpedoed by German submarines in the English channel, tout did not sink. OUR WEDNESDAY SALE At 12c Mercerised Curtain Scrim. Worth 25c. " At 12c- Soft Finish Bed Ticking. ; ?r ; ; a At 9c Fine 40 inch White Lawn. ; j v ,; At 8c Balance of the Big Lot of Children's Iluslin Drawers and Waists, that were on sale Tuesday. At 4c Men's. Hemstitched White - Handkerchiefs 4 ; . or y2 inch hem best value ever off ered. At 2c Wood or Wire Coat Hangers. ? ' Germany Discovers , Buckwheat is Good Berlin, Feb. 23 Professor Kuhl of Kiel after a series of scientif ic-experi- ments. has reached a conclusion that will be of deep interest to untold mil lions of American devotees bf griddle - cakes and syrup, namely, that buck wheat can be eaten by humans. it is a. somewhat curious fact that-in Germany, except in some- pa-rts , of South Germany, this grain is used ex clusively as feed for animals. The professor finds however that a mix ture of twenty per cent, of buckwheat fl6ur-with wheat flour gives "an elas tic, tough dough, which rises well with yeast ana lurnisnes a wen imlius j bread." , . " . - ? In view of this, and also of the fact that buckwheat can . be gown on land fit for nothing else, the professor rec ommends that it be , used to eke out the wheat supply. ' - : K .. . , japan's Committee :; To Meet With UJ S. Jap Army Officer For Duty in U. S. . Tokio. Feb. 23--Major Jikira Kara sudani of the Japanese Army has been ordered to the United States on spe cial duty. : He is b. -member of the Buf eau of Military Affairs of the War Office. He will go to the Japar.rse Embassy at... Washington and stay there for some ' time, leaving here February 6. Our patrons can now pur chase the . Tokio, Feb. 23. Shigenobu Okuma, the prime minister, in his capacity as president of the Japanese Peace So ciety has made public the names of the committee appointed to study questions bearing upon the relations between Japan and the United States. This committee as already reported", will meet -with a similar committee appointed by the American Peace So ciety and prepare a statement upon the various questions of interest. The Japanese Committee is com posed of fifteen prominent men,, ed ucators, business men, bankers, and former government officials. A num ber of the members are familiar at first hand with America having re ceived university education there. . The Committee is as follows: T Baron Shibusawa, Buyei . Nakano, Soroku Ehara, Dr. Juichi . Soyeda, Viscount Kanelco, Baron Sakatani, Dr. Inazo Nitobe, Eikichi Kamada, Dr; Tsunejiro Miyacka,- Baron - Megata, Zemjuro Horikoshi, Hidel, Fukuoka, Saburo Shimada, Semkichiro Haya kawa and Dr. Sanae Takata. - PEESOXAIj atEaVTIOTS". Kid Williams, the local Jboxing pro motor, is feeling happy because the stork stooped at his - - residence, 77.: Clinton avenue, and left a baby boy. weighing seven and a half-pounds. Nobby it r -;t am. CI Sill V0Q. and the fires At prices that make their mileage cost the lowest that our customers , have ever known. ASK TO SEE THE SEC TION OF THE ABOVE. HE. AIXIFJG 1126 MAIN STH Ftacxaer Want Ads. One Cent a, X.