THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 23, 1915
the world has profited. Sanitation and right living are the
RRlDGERORT EVENING FARMER
rue preventives of disease.
'5&21sbaa-bjEhvE',Iucr,' Bubliahin g C., 179 Fairfleltl Atol, .Bridiroport.
. i". , Coon..
- 'qgpSSSt? F1KWK
FOREIGN REPKESENTATTm, -BnanU
Griffith A Fredrick. New York. Boston and Chicago
TUESDAY, FEB. 23, 1915.
BIRTHDAY OF SAMUEL
OF ALL DIARISTS
THE FATE OF THE EVELYN.
destruction would have been its por
tion, and as for Mr. Fepys ouch I
Of all . the pictures of England's
past which have been handed down
as p- heritage to the present genera
tion, perhaps the clearest and most
interesting was the literary wrk of.
a man who had no thought of writ
ing literature, and who doubtless nev
er entertained the idea that his words
would ever bo perused by any ! but
himself. Samuel Pepya, the greatest
of all diarists, was born 283 years ago
today. Feb. 23.. 1632.- and died in 1703.
NHfr-HI FIRST American ship to be sunk during the war is the Ha was secretary to the admiralty
; jsl , -, . , , , T -x-l in the reign of Charles II., , sat in-sev-
..; M -; Evelyn, out pf New York, and bound for; Bremen with eral parliaments, and attained great
a load of cotton. She nresents a characteristic case, of a kind wealth. Yet he would long since
likely to occur hereafter.': 'It does not appear whether she was frank aild preserved chronicle of
wrefikfid hv a. minfi. nr hv a iomedn. fifed from a submarine. I hls daily life, set forth in his diary,
- ' ' :.., ' I IT! Whlf h n PTVASI n - en - ! Q -f a n
It does not appear, and may never appear," whether the damage amusing a picture of the English
was caused by an English, or a German mine ; or by an English opie, court ana customs of the sev-
'or a-German torpedo. The presumption is that the damage was jthe first Dutch war; the London nrevi
caused by British means, since it occurred near a German port, ana piague. ana other great events
v . ' ..... I are mentioned in his diary, but far
and held a cargo intended for a-uerman aesunauon. . i more interesting are Ms entertaining
It must not be overlooked, however, that a secret warfare, observations on more transient mat-
such as the submarine peculiarly represents any belligerent Shakespeare had been in his grave
may sink a ship in such a way as to convey the idea that the P81
jobwas done by some other belligerent, it is, in snort, lmpron- yet become an object of veneration.
able the owners of the ships will 'be permitted to know who v-"m wh"
' wrecked them, unless it suits the power concerned to furnish j ridiculous play that ever i saw in
the information. v . , ,
, The owner of the Evelyn , seems little excited about, the
fate of his boat, which leads to the conclusion that he is a phi
losopher; or that he was fully indemnified against possible dis
aster, , before the Evelyn began her trip. . ; p ; '
Usually,? when goods are shipped to. Europe nowadays, this
is the situation of. the American shipper.: The loss falls upon
" one of the countries at' war. This turnisnes another reason
! why the United Slates should : declare a war zone in which
European necessity is predominant to the exclusion of the or
; dinary rights of neutral trade. Into this zone American ship
:. pers would go at their own .risk. ' , ' '
GERMANY AT THE
. , , NATIONAL EXPOSITION
THE SCATTERED POWER OF NEUTRALS.
my life." Again he wrote: To
Deptford by water,- reading "Othello,
Moor of Venice,"' which I' have ever
heretofore esteemed a mighty ' good
play; but having so lately read the
Adventures of Five Hours," it seems
a mean thing. ' .
Pepys was a faithful public servant
a churchman of Presbyterian -inclin
ations, and a very respectable citi
zen -but also a bit too fond of pret
ty ladles, although married to a wo
man he adored. He admits that his
attendance at church , was often as
much inspired by a desire to gaze up
on lovely girls as by religious aspira
tions. When his wife accompanied
him to the sacred edifice, howerer, he
he apparently did not. find the con
gregation: so . interesting, - for he
wrote: "After j dinner,, to . church
again, my wife and I, where we had
a dull sermon. . which made me
sleep." . . . : ' !..
lestuiiiig I those days, it seems: "I heard a good
j TT F GENTLEMEN who are anxious the ; United States shall
j JL .mix in 'the European war, for the sake of
order" or for-the purpose of ' reestablishing international law," sermon or ur, Bucta, one i never
would kindly furnish a statement of the means which this coun- I Mr. jpepys, like we moderns, had
Irv rn nsft in fhft iiftrfnrmn.nf!0 of that task, it Will be simnlified. &1S troubles with the cook: "My wife
" " - - , .w . .wn .umuuv.., v
(outbreak of war, had an organized strength,' on paper of!27,
f 000,000 men. ; These nations controlled 95 out of 140 first class
modern war ships,; and the rest of the things. that go to make
fup a navy, in. the same proportion. , , , '
-Thevorgamzed swetigtn on paper oi trie remaining armies
of the world, as they -stood at the outbreak of the war, exclusive I beauties of nature."
4 of China,' was 'ii,000,0(X) men. Assuming . that these could be Grey,e's ,Inn wall al
sauce of which being made sweet, I
I was angry at t, and ate none." ' But
he found consolation: "At dinner and
supper I drank, I know not how, of
I my own accord, so much wine, that
I I was even almost foxed, and my
head ached all night.
Mr. Pepys visited Greye's Inn walk
with his wife and "saw many
Then, "I : to
all alone, and with
ormmzea mio-; one army ana assemmea oii, n,uropeau sou ioriwaik there
..,nnSa-. rf 'WataH eh , intornn Hz-krirtl ' low" wbinTi I 1118 aiarist am nor nesitate to cm
f xjould not happen -what would they do in the presence oi c7,- with whom he was often brought in-
000,000 men, a large proportion of whom are now veteran sol- lluniTToJ-lst-fediers',
better . equipped, trained and cared forthan any armies fioe and a simple one," it seemed to
Jthe world ever knew before. , . . 1 'X Ttnt
The' unitea states nas its nrst-ciass moaern snips ana an i great ladies of the period ; obtained
army of 100,000-men.
of a million men. spend , several billions oi dollars, and then I mond arranged that the king's
H i J -.nlt f" . cuuhiu, lair i lances oiewarc
There is but one reasonable attitude for the United States
i to take; Most of civilization has gone to war. God alone knows
I what for. "We do not. tit is not for us to mingle in a quarrel
' in which we have no, parL
We have gome trade, but .this is conducted almost entirely I found that hidden diary.
at tha risk of the belligerents. . They pay the bills , and they
eland the losses. And if ..they did not, pay, what standing has
jour right to .trade, compared with the right of civilization to
I light for its life.
Shabby indeed would this nation appear, should it, for-
; eooth. enter into this great world conflict, upon the theory that
our right to peacefully transport weapons to- nations lighting
for existence has been interfered' with:
President Wilson, who did not go into, Mexico, will' use: his
best endeavors to see that we do not go into Europe, except as
should leave- .the court privily, . and
join him at; the Beare at the Bridare
foot,, where a coach was ready, and
they are stole away into Kent, with
out the king's leave."
Fortunate it was for Mr. Pepys, and
for. posterity, that Mrs. PSpya never
Quality, not quantity, is the domi
nant note in . the displays by Ger
many at the Panama-Pacific Interna
tional Exposition.! In four of the
great exhibit palaces 40,000 feet of
space has been taken by the German
government and by individual en
trants, and these exhibits will reflect
in their scope and detail the indus
tries that have elevated Germany to
a- high place among the producing
nations, Particularly is this true of
chemicals, in the extensive applica
tion of which this nation has long led
the world. . ' - : :
. The use of dye stuffs, for instance,
which are a. principal export of Ger
many, will be exhaustively - shown,
with a woman's gown in tha various
stages of manufacture, from' the raw
materia! to the finished silk with par
ticular reference to the part dyes play
as the medium of display. This will
be in the Palace of liberal Arts, and
in the same palace will be an elab
orate display showing the evolution
of the graphic arts SYieh as printing
and the various- processes of photog
raphy, in which' Germany again ex
eels the world. , ',
The government exhibit will t be
about equally divided., between ; the
palaces of Education, 5 Liberal Arts,
Varied Industries and Machinery. - In
addition to displays In these palaces
by individuals there will be individT
uaa. displays in . me -aiace oi Dine
Arts and elsewhere. " In the Palace of
Fine Arts, for example will be a dis-,
play representing 'the1: best .forty
paintings by the modern -school of
German artists. .; Altogether the part
that Germany will play in the expo
sition will be increased rather than
decreased by the war, the same thing
being true with Germany that is true
with other warring nations; there is
a strong , feeling that the arts of
peace should be prominently display
ed in contrast to the business of war
in which the nations are now: engag
ed. :, ,; '..';!' w!.'..'
The child : welfare work . for which
Germany is noted : will be displayed
with a thoroughness . under -the di
rect supervision of Dr.. Philip. Eauer,
the --eminent German- sociologist. Dr.
Raue'r had charge of a similar ex
hibit at .Dresden which attracted a
great deal of - international attention.
Included in the one thousand dif
ferent articles on, display and sub
mitted , for- award will . be ; German
wines, the . famous , Rosenthal china.
gold worke and beautifully embosed
exalmple. of glassware from Theresi
enthal; a , splendid exhibit ' by ' the
Henkell, Solingen, Twin Steel works,
known over the world ; for. the quali
ty of their steel and cutlery and; the
largest reproducing ; -organ - in ; the
world from Frieberg. ' This latter will
be in , the Palace, of Liberat Arts. - i
: Bavarian vases wUl . .be shown,
valued at $5,000 each and porcelains,
together 1 with toys, for which Ger
man manufacturers . are . world fa
mous. :.,.-. . ,
-" - v- " ' , ' -i " -",J' ...
; A Dress Fabric distinctive
and appropriate to the season. '
Silk and Wool Poplin. No longer do they say "Irish Poplin", yet there was a
time when an Irish Poplin was good enough for a wedding gown, especially if the bride
was a young woman of practical taste and habits. It would be hard to imagine a richer,
more elegant fabric, either for street or house wear. ,
' : It is shown at present in all new Spring shades that are in favor, "tpte de negre,"
wistaria, prunella, old blue, peacock and Copenhagen blue, gray, putty and sand color.
Forty inches wide, $1.10 a yard
V The Unusual in Veilings.
Whichever , way the hatbrim tips, the Veil is
adjusted to , hang like a curtain or flounce, to be
blown at the sweet will of any coquettish spring
breeze. : , .;..--- :.:'
Russian Mesh, ( heavy,; with diamond motif 50 cts
Trellis Veils, with hexagonal mesh.
, Filet Veils; with black velvet borders 75 ct3
Made Veils, black, brown and taupe 50 cts to $1.25
"Chin. Chin" Veils, in variety 50 cts yd
, . .. : Main floor, center.
It is time to choose a
There are some novelties at this early date.
Bags wear out.
when they are stuffed with every necessity the feminine fancy demands. V
Recruits in England
, Get Captured Cannon
1 London, Feb. i 2&-T-A11 the -machine
guns captured - from the Germans by
the British troops la. France and
Flanders are being brought to Eng
land for' distribution . among the-new
army units' at their, training camps.
The guns are very, similar to- those
used in, the -British army, and, are
being used for instruction purposes.
The Peruvian government will im
port flour from the United -States and
sell it at cost price, to reduce the cost
of -bread. . .
Auto Leather Bags, nickel frames, inside
pocket' with purse for coins and small
mirror . . . . .'. ... . . ... .$3.00
Pin Seal Bags, same model as above nice,
fsoft finish. . . . . . . .... ...... .$3.00
"Melon" Bags in pin seal,with gilt frames
and fancy pearl clasps. ... .'. . . .$2.00
Silk-covered Lambs' "Wool in fancy floral
designs, very dainty; and luxurious,
" (', $7.50
Cottonfilled Comfortables in very attrac
tive colorings ... . . ' . ' i . . . . i$2.50 and up
4 Morocco Bags with frames in gun metal or
; ; nickel, interior fitting complete : . $3.C3
Morocco Bags, novelties in envelope shape
" , ' $2.25 and $2.E0
Morocco and Crepe Seal Bags with gilt
frames and inside fittings . . , . . .51.50
- ' ' Leather Goods Section.
v 1 1
. Men's Pajamas.
Extra fine quality soisette, white and ligh 1
blue, ' - ,
$1.00 a suit'
Look at them.
The D. M. Read Company.
TWO X(ATTIfIRIES IXX)TED.
Two robberies of Chinese laundries
are reported to police headquarters
today.. The place of Charles Wing,
586 Bast Main street, entered Sunday
night and J 3 taken from the cash
drawer. -The laundry, of Joe Main,
271 East-Main street,. was also entered
and 1 5 taken. Both places were brok
en' into while the proprietors were
AP SHOWING WHERE MERCHANT SHIPS
HAVE BEEN SUNK AROUND ENGLAND AND
DISTANCES TO GERMAN SUBMARINE BASES.
FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE
f.O OPFir? A TTVTT! car fare to otjb ctdstomers ,
yW VT JAV-CX x A raOFIT SHAKING WITH OUlt EMPLOYEES
WAR AND SERUM THERAPY,
TRAY INFORMATION arriving , from various war points
. indicates that the several schemes of inoculation are
.not working out as well as their devisers had hoped. Tetanus
continues to prevail, despite most elaborate protection, with an-iti-tetanus
serum. The Germany army has developed many cases
; of typhoid, despite most careful prevention by the appropriate
.'. The evidence of past wars throws doubt on the efficacy, of
S typhoid inoculation.' ' The Japanese army, in the war with Rus-
Isia,' was without, this, preventive, but suffered little with" ty-
Iphoid iThe British'army in the South African war was largely 1
finoculated, but suffered severely: ,1 he Japanese sanitary ar-
I rangements were better. . ; r - ;.
Sir Frederick Treves," a "great British doctor,in concluding !
tremarks on this subject, on the occasion of the second Chad-
wick lecture at Sandwith, said : f
' , . "I regret we have to admit eleven cases of typhoid in fully
I protected men. . You will notice I have said nothing a-oout the
possible '. dangers of ' inoculation, and with your permission I
I will continue to say nothing, it is an awkward subject, which
fT prefer to ignore." ,t
' . Yet, such is the effect of a hypothesis once received, that
many men of a less scientific, quality of rnind than Sir Fred
erick, resort to the old explanation so often given to account for
thousands of cases of smallpox in thoroughly vaccinated per-
sons to wEt, that the inoculation "was not effective. '
Says Sir James Barr, another British physician, in the Liv
erpool Evening Express of Jan. 19:
"Why then are the German line , soaked, or ridaied with
typhoid as all accounts agree. The answer is simple. They!
have had to call up reserves sooner than they expected, and the
work of inoculation, even if it has been thoroughly carried out,
which may be-regarded as doubtful, has necessarily been rush
ed. ' i " ; :'
The repeated inoculations of'soldiers for some four or five
or six diseases cannot out exercise a deteriorating eiiect on
I their efficiency.
Yet there is little' doubt but that in the whole the men will
come out of this war , suffering less from the ravages of dis
ease, than has been the case in" most previous war. The Jap-
frinase set an -example of sanitation, by which every army , in
. .. : SmKHmH
, , j: . ; .--2 . : . : J. mssm
" - ':....-:---,.--v:M:-g)h :o
The war zone proclaimed by Germany includes the entire coasts of all the British isles and the coast of
northern France, including the , English channel. In these waters, already the following ships have been
sunk, indicated by numbers on the map: 1, Amiral -Ganteaume, Oct. 26; 2, Malachite, Nov. 23; 3, Prime, Nov.
26; 4, Durward. Jan. 21; 5, Icaria, Jan. 30; 6 Toko Mara, Jan. 30; 1, Linda Blanche; 8, Ben Cruachan, and
9, Kilcoan, 'all sunk Jan. 30; 10, Ville de Lille, and 11, Dulwich, sunk on Feb. 16, and 12, Clitra, sunk on Oct.
20. In addition to .these, vessels the French steamship Dinorah (No. 13) and. the Norwegian steamship Bel
ridge (No. 11) were torpedoed by German submarines in the English channel, tout did not sink.
OUR WEDNESDAY SALE
At 12c Mercerised Curtain Scrim. Worth 25c. "
At 12c- Soft Finish Bed Ticking. ; ?r ; ; a
At 9c Fine 40 inch White Lawn. ; j v ,;
At 8c Balance of the Big Lot of Children's Iluslin
Drawers and Waists, that were on sale Tuesday.
At 4c Men's. Hemstitched White - Handkerchiefs 4
; . or y2 inch hem best value ever off ered.
At 2c Wood or Wire Coat Hangers. ? '
Germany Discovers ,
Buckwheat is Good
Berlin, Feb. 23 Professor Kuhl of
Kiel after a series of scientif ic-experi-
ments. has reached a conclusion that
will be of deep interest to untold mil
lions of American devotees bf griddle -
cakes and syrup, namely, that buck
wheat can be eaten by humans. it
is a. somewhat curious fact that-in
Germany, except in some- pa-rts , of
South Germany, this grain is used ex
clusively as feed for animals. The
professor finds however that a mix
ture of twenty per cent, of buckwheat
fl6ur-with wheat flour gives "an elas
tic, tough dough, which rises well with
yeast ana lurnisnes a wen imlius j
bread." , . " . - ?
In view of this, and also of the fact
that buckwheat can . be gown on land
fit for nothing else, the professor rec
ommends that it be , used to eke out
the wheat supply. '
- : K .. . ,
:; To Meet With UJ S.
Jap Army Officer
For Duty in U. S.
. Tokio. Feb. 23--Major Jikira Kara
sudani of the Japanese Army has been
ordered to the United States on spe
cial duty. : He is b. -member of the
Buf eau of Military Affairs of the War
Office. He will go to the Japar.rse
Embassy at... Washington and stay
there for some ' time, leaving here
Our patrons can now pur
. Tokio, Feb. 23. Shigenobu Okuma,
the prime minister, in his capacity as
president of the Japanese Peace So
ciety has made public the names of
the committee appointed to study
questions bearing upon the relations
between Japan and the United States.
This committee as already reported",
will meet -with a similar committee
appointed by the American Peace So
ciety and prepare a statement upon
the various questions of interest.
The Japanese Committee is com
posed of fifteen prominent men,, ed
ucators, business men, bankers, and
former government officials. A num
ber of the members are familiar at
first hand with America having re
ceived university education there. .
The Committee is as follows: T
Baron Shibusawa, Buyei . Nakano,
Soroku Ehara, Dr. Juichi . Soyeda,
Viscount Kanelco, Baron Sakatani, Dr.
Inazo Nitobe, Eikichi Kamada, Dr;
Tsunejiro Miyacka,- Baron - Megata,
Zemjuro Horikoshi, Hidel, Fukuoka,
Saburo Shimada, Semkichiro Haya
kawa and Dr. Sanae Takata. -
Kid Williams, the local Jboxing pro
motor, is feeling happy because the
stork stooped at his - - residence, 77.:
Clinton avenue, and left a baby boy.
weighing seven and a half-pounds.
it r -;t
At prices that make their
mileage cost the lowest that
our customers , have ever
ASK TO SEE THE SEC
TION OF THE ABOVE.
1126 MAIN STH
Ftacxaer Want Ads. One Cent a, X.
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