THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 24, 1915
lEJUDGEPORT E VENING FARMER
...' , (FOTODED 1I0O.) . 1
, '. gKMantmaiatey "The . Farmer Publighin g Co., 179 Fajrfleid Aves. Bridgeport,
able juggling with conditions. .For instance, the city for many
ED 13X3 FULAJj
Trrfrnt. rrtti & Fredrtcks. New York, Boston and Chicago
WEDNESDAY, FEB, 24, 1915.
Jefferson Placed Europe's Necessity
Above Our Right To Take' a Profit From
European Trade; Why Not Follow Him Now? J
v.-ars kept on hand a balance of $100,000, with which to meet
bills during the interim before the tax revenues began to
fl-v into the treasury.
The hungry politicians have long cast hungry eyes upon
this sum, and now have succeeded in appropriating half of it,
so that the rate, measured by the past, is "half a mill higher
than it appears to be. x , : ' -
Against these actual facts of increased, expenditures and
an enormous debt we have Mayor 'Wilson's promise of a fif
teen mill rate, supported by his claim that the rate ought not
to be. more than 15 mills this year. Whether his views, upon
this subject ought to be regarded as sheer impudence, or as
gr'.ss ignorance of the city's finance, is a matter of opinion,
U' on which The Farmer will not presume to "pass.
WHAT" WILL THE GOVERNOR DO?
Ok n Masai Co.
THE RORABAGK boys have "put over" the IsbeU bill, with
that fine disregard of public opinion, and contempt for
I Vt FrwiVl ina r nnininn 1 mrhiph la ITio tmiA "hall rm a tLt nf friA 1rVK1T
u, r " 1 " a. ' 1 ' i j v xe boys want the jobs, ana that s enough.
J3 H rrn o-r tho i mxorl i m ante t rxr in nun t-xm ir qpo Tiom cnrf rtn c v w " . 1 . . , vv
TiT TERY EARLY in its history the United States was confront
V ed with a situation, arising from European.war, which
although the impediments now in our way are tremendously
V In 1793 the heavy hand of Napoleon began to be laid upon
Europe, and for many years thereafter, there was a fight for
self preservation in which necessity was the only law, and the
only rules capable of being enforced were those inflicted by
the respective belligerents, through the power of their arms.
First the British, through, the memorable Orders in Council,
prohibited trade with France and directed the seizure of neutral
vessels engaged in such traffic. In 1806 another order was issued,-
declaring the whole coast of Euroce. from the Elbe to
Brest, France, a distance of S00 miles, .under blockade. And in
1807' came an, order requiring all vessels with -goods fof other
'European countries, to land them ijrtt an English port, and to pay
duties there preliminary to export under, British regulations
" Thenr as now, all Europe was at war.'. The United States
was a feebler ! country than it is today, ".i The neutrals whose
commerce was threatened were even less powerful, with re
ti ii v- i Till tr
speci io me.wnoie iorce mvoivea man mey are now. ? ,
There was much talk from fire eaters about "enforcing in
; temational law," though then, as now, these jingoes were not
(fertile in means by which feeble neutrals could make their will
effective against the strongest armies and the best generals in
It remains to be seen whether Governor Holcomb is a par
ticipant in the pleasant' policy that makes public service of Con
necticut a hunting ground fo r spoilsmen, or whether he will
veto this outrageous legislation, sired by the lobby and damned ,
by everybody. x 1 ' s
REPUBLICANS REVOLT .
U MACHINE DOMINATION
ON CIVIL SERVICE BALLOT
Itepesentative Shaw, of Redding, Eepublican, Tells Col
leagues They Are Making Mis take Joins Ip Ora
. tory Against BiU Ieader Hyde Tells House He's
"Sick of the Bill" ' : r ;
(Special to The Farmer.)
Hartford, Feb. 2 4. -The open re-
DurinV the most trviner Ddrtion of this trvinsr time Thomas Uolt ot forty Republican from ma-
Jefferson was president, and Jefferson's ; statesmanship, and ine inlOR ln, h
. - ; i . , . through the House of the IsbeU Civil
caxxa good judgment provided the only sound remedy under the service law, yesterday afternoon was
conditions. He recognized theN right of Europe to place its he f eomment to-aay at the
.. .i.n.',r':;.Jm.i..i i apiroi. me oppuneuui pi -u
necessity above the" right of the United States to trade for prof
. f it, and on March 17 1S08, issued the following proclamation: V
I have heretofore communicated to Congress the 'decrees of the
government of Franca of Nov. 21, 1808, and of Spain of Feb.. 19,' 1
. ' 107, .with .th.or.der3 of the British Government of January and
November, J 807. - I now transmit a decree , of the Emperor of '
France of Deo. 17 1807, and a similar decree of the 3rd of January
lost by ITis Catholio lilajesty. , - . , ; t;r . ; . -. . - , v ,
AlthougH the deorae of France has not been received by of
ficial communication. yt' the v different ehannela of- promulgation :
tbreagh whioh the pabllc are possessed of it, with the-formal te-Y
tU-iiony furnished by the government of Spain in their decree, leaves
us without doubt that such, a one lias been issued. .These decrees
' and orders, taken -together, want little of amounting to a deolara-
tlon that iev&ry. neuta'al vessel found on the high seas, whatsoever
bet her cargo, and. whatsoever foreign port be that' of her departure J
or destination, hall, te deemed a lawful prize; and they prove more
iuij more tho expeijie-ncy, of etaining i our veasels, our seamen
and our own property within our own harbors until the dangers to
which they are expoiied can be removed or lessened, i . 1 ;
mustered' 93 votes against the major'
ity's 140, in the' final roll call which
came late in the afternoon. - ?
The normal minority strength is 58,
and there were several absentees on
the Democratic side. This would inr
dicate that nearly ' 40 : Republicans
Joined in the Democratic opposition to
the move to kill the bill. This was
even better than the advocates of civ
il service had hoped for, in view pf
Speaker Healy's. public announcement
that 'the machine was determined to
shove the legislation through "if It
took all night." ;t
Representative Shaw, of Redding,- a,
Republican, openly called the major
ity bill "a ' mistake", that would hurt
the Republican party; He said the Is-
bell bill virtually "ICiUs civil service
in the state," and nrged that it be
Acain Eurone is in arms, fierhtini? for self preservation lin- recommitted to the committee
. . . v I Renresentative- Bronson,. who- of-
.ter tne areaaim law oi necessity. Agam our commerce is sup- fered a substitute bin that was voted
ier.t. to innonveniRncfi. although to a crreat nortion of our trade down by liia - fellow Republicans,
i. j t,; v-T-. . u.uft. I . ; warned his party that It was making
uie couuiuwiiB nave pruveu xiigiiiy piuiiwutc. . , titL ave political error.". .
Asaia half of " Europe has declared , blockade aerainst the ! "This wu is - aimed primarily at
. v.l.T u x,: a-zp,,: j Itwo officials In the capitol." he said
v titer iicLii, wm o-gaiia wic pctvo wt wuiupt umujjsj txi c uaugeruuB "There is no .use trying to cover up
! in neutral ShlPPin?. . f ! ' , I the real object of this legislation,
- ' . m..mi. ci-t . i i s i:ht- v.:. .1 1 Representative Perry, of 'New 'Ha
puaii uie uiiiicu ottttes wc augers ntti compareu I ven. a,ao took a sbot at the majority
with what it suffered before, declare its right to trade for profit bin and the motives that were behind
superior to the -necessity of Europe, or shall the- United States "allv gtT
rnrst the, precedent established bv Jefferson, and issue to. our vice erased from our statute books.-
shippers a proclamation in. which the, nature of the European Hempoi Ws fexST
decrees are deciareu to an men, ana our snips instructed to the better of his judgment ana an
F,,. ,05 . ' - nounced that the Judiciary commit
0U1 iu iavkv ' i tee didn't want . to hear any more
Such a conrse is consistent with our national diemitv. In- about the bin,
jd&ed it is the' only course consistent with national honor, for tSrOTS S
i to assert our right to trade over Europe's riffht to live, would said. "We've made a-report to you.
I be to assert a commercial privi lege, as baying prebedence over wanton mor,7 V ""
! a great crisis in civilization, which, fprall anybody ' fcaows to speaker Heaiy then swung his war
. iV,a nn'rttMi.v : mav.Kfl n nart -nf 'tKA Vnliit.innflrvf nmrAsc W club, .s He wasn't all pleased wltti
tb -wa v thines were sroinar and fur
! which the Providence behind man moves toward gome unseen ther debate didn't' tend to put the
, f 1 . IFFk Anmr.l nf Tanann iTigs n-nr,H Ji 4 CrtQ ft 4 V,tt Ut. -. If. in a pieasam ilgm,
iuaa. . me Fo ,r.c m 3.1, xa ucuqi- .,Thls houBa is here to do the State's
IFairfleld county Messrs. Reid, Kel
ly, Garlick, Joyce; Williamson, Jen-
mngs, jvmg, jacey, (jrosoy, iiuDoeu,
Dillon, Sherman, Knapp, Tristram.
Hegeman, ' Ryan, Ferry; Atchison,
Hu:sford, Foordt Blakeman, : 1 More
house, Sherwood, Jackson.
Windham country Messrs. Barker,
Baker, Davis, Back, Ayer, Adams,
Hall, Ash. Hutchins, Macdonald, Pies-
sis, . Congdon, Peckham, Ritch, May
Litchfield county Messrs. Hosklna,
Ransom, Oilman, Norton, T. W. Oris
woVi, Pratt, Allen, v Rogers - Roberts,
Emery, Tuttle, Martin, Klebes, Wood
ward, Hosford, Brooks, Claxton, Per
kins, Case. Ward. vCurtiss.
Middlesex . county Messrs. Twigg,
Smith, Pelton, Tucker, Arrigonl, Hall,
Swan, French, Marble, ' Perkins,
Boardman, Morton, La Place.
Tolland county -Messrs. Backus,
Rathbun, Lord, MacFasr lane, Wight-
man,- ,H.eaJd,i Morgansen. Kinney,
Horsman, RandaU, Yost, Hall."
. TUose Voting No. . ...
Hartford : county -Messrs., Smith-
wick, Glasson, Handel, Brewer, Hewea,
CJoodrlch, , Meyer, Gamn, Oeborn,
Bowers, Curtiss, Km?, Spencer,
Brown. . .. , ' , .-. ', .
New Haven county -Messrs. Aaron-
son, U, T. Clark, -Davidson, Burke,
Gorman, Tracy, Nicker son, Chitten'
den. Potter. Smith. J. W. Ranforrt.
llarsden, " Hamrn i",J.: D. . Brown,
D'Loughlin, Reilly, Perry, - J. Brown,
Church, Leavenworth, Bridge tt, Bron
son, Devine, Stoddard.
New London county Messrs. Cran
dallr, Thomas, Hall, Pierson, Palmer,
Buteau. . 1
Fairfield county- Messrs. Taylor,
Gorman, Mead,' James, ESgan, Shaw,
Hazen, Treadwell, Sturges.
Windham county Messrs. , C. D.
Baker, Basse tt, Atwood, Chester, Gla-
zler,Ross,- Cheaebro. .-,
; jitcnneia couniy Aiessrs. jyisbrow.
Bailey, Wright, Paws, Gosleo, Addis,
Caul, Brown.- Graves, Elmerson, Har
rison, v Hough, iTaylor, Atwood, Vaill.
Middlesex v county- Messrs. Day,
Beaumont, 'Russell, Favelka, Russell,
Tolland county.- Messrs, Howard,
Tucker, . Reynolds, Brown, - Plnney,'
Parker, Thatcher, Bartlett.
Mr. Back of Killlngly moved a. re.
consideration of the question, hoping
it would fail. It did, and the House
passed to other matters, . -
THE CHANCE THE EVELYN TOOK
business, and we're going to' do it," he
announced from the rostrum, "We're
going to do the State's business, if we
have to stay here all night..
This was taken by many as an ul
timatum of the G. o.'p. machine that
RKS DKN11 V LSON'S View Of the disaster to the H vfi vn the bill was to-be Jammed, tnrougn
' .4 mi' , . U . I a nncto a nrl ViT-rll er Rnmft of til
Seems tO be HI accordance With the facts. He Charges Republican parliamentarians to their
it to flr,ident ansinar irom a risk: assumed pv the na.viratnr. feet.
Every other accident to neutral shipping inithese waters comiit was dltracked when the
will be of the same character. No trading ship has any right in speaker announced that Leader
, . . l xt. . 1 ; i.i.. il . ' t 1 11 I Hyde's motion to indefinitply post-
liiose waters, except, iiie.i.niuer is reauy w ttute uie. nsn ia, ms pone the Bronson amendment , took
fihlD Will be Sunk. - - ' I precedence. The motion to postpone
. mi- 7 r it x ,X1 : l B . - t wt. lieu
, 1HB pruutLUllity is WW me majority, ui American Silips, A roll call was then ordered on the
moving with goods for Europe, are fully indemnified before passage of the majority-report.- The
I 1 , 1 1 . iron v.ii wttw uemauueu uy jkixxikjm..
Uitj- wyu uic rujto. , - v . .Leader Devine, who saidi .J
The custom is to deposit m an American banK f nnds with "At this time i --would -offer . my
t xi, i i,j 1 1 -n. aeepest sympatny me L optwr,
wiuvu w iucot vixv vtuiic Mi puTOuasou ; ubWjA emu - L.iiK; Two vears ago. in this House, h urg-
v whole risk is assumed by the. Europeans. - Though' our ship is Ua the passage f the civil, service bin
W .nonollv'll ho V,o 4h0'1?,,.n..n ! t., mat suuaeniy s oiscovereu w
M.MLV jl v sKf mu ao uoutui jr yv u xjksj vxxu.u i.xw uuiuau ia UL n ' J I maliciOUS
; ing property European as cert ainly as if he captured it on
; European soil
SQSIE RESULTS OF MUNICIPAL EXTRAVAGANCE
He now presides wer the- legisla
tive body that presides at his death.
He watched over the bill when "it was.
born. 1 Join with .him in the deep
grief that he' surely must experience
now at its death."
Representatives Kelly and Garlick,
of Bridgeport; Blakeman and More
house, of Stratford King and Lacey
kHE BOARD OF Apportionment and Taxation is to be con
gratulated upon a splendid effort to keep the tax rate of Fairfield; -and Sherwood, of West-
iwithin bounds. That its effor
.mills, with no allowance, for state tax and only half a mill for emasculation of the civil service law.
; V FRIEND OF THE
SIGHTIjKSS, 49 TODAY
Crepe de CHine Nightgowns,
Jn white and pale pink or flesh tint,
daintily trimmed with; a tiny edge of real
Cluny lace, $3.98, $5.00, $6.50 and $8.00. ( -
i Italian Silk Gowns; embroidered and
trimmed with Cluny, $8.50.
'Empire Gowns of fine nainsook run
with ribbons at neck and waist, very pret
ty, $2.00, $3.50 and up.
Styles in Lingerie?
' Of course!
v The finer the .material tho
better, and there has come a
time when actual common
sense seems to rule in the
making of lingerie.
Nice quality of material,
garments simply cut on
good lines, a little very good
lace or embroidery, and an
entire absence of fussiness.
The Lingerie Sect'on on
the second floor is full of
dainty clothes, and every
case and table abounds in
pretty things. . tijilsL..
Quite1 a .new model, and very sensi
ble. Keally one garment to take the
place' of two, chemise and drawers.
Nainsook, lace trimmed, 75 cts.
i Embroidered, with lace, $1.00 and up.
Crepe d8 Chine, white and flesh tint,
good quality, $3.50 and $5.00.
Lingerie Section, second floor.
Colored Press Linens.
. Ratine "Weave, 45 and 54 inches wide, to close
out. ' ' .
Brown, lavender, green and pink, were once. 89
and 98 cts. , ' ,
- ' s 50 CtS to close., .
1 For. gowns or art work of any. description.
English China. ; V'
' Bread and Butter Plates
One table arranged for sale, and visit
ors will find several old and favorite do
signs, rosebud, oak leaf garland, etc.
25 cts, fine ware T
To fix up all furniture. It is a surface
food for all wood, removing clonda and
scratches from polished mahogany ana
Two sizes, 19 and 39 cts ;
:. . "Basement-
The D. M. Read Company.
schools, is. in no sense its fault. It did the best it could, but ReddiBK, -nd :Meaa of Greenwich
, was confronted by the results of extravagance practiced by an voted with the Democrats against the
administration whose idea from start to finish has been to make vnta AtaU : - ,
! places with which to reward political adherents.
Since Mayor Wilson took office, in 1911, the expense of
' Those Voting Yes. - -.
Hartford county Messrs. Hydel,
ri i ,.1 m r TT..V.1. : - T
administration has increased, by $586,890, The total amount Go8lee steeie, waid. Loughim, wood-
rocnired in 1911 was $1,944,897. The total amount provided ward, sanford, Goddard, cwttenden,
last night was $2,531,769. . ; This is a truer measure of the ex
travagance and prodigality of the municipal government dnr
1 Jng the past three years, than is indicated by a mere scrutiny
'of-the tax rate.- - ,j v-r-':i -:iy H'-
Hitchooclt, Hyde,. Schultz, Gkodwin,
Churchill, Carter, Lenox, Andrus, A;
R. Wells, Claris, Spear, Demingr, Fenn,
P. Wells, House.
New Haven county Messrs. IsbeU,
Osborn, Peasley, Peck, Aubrey, J. D.
Brown, E. T. Clark, Stamford, Revere,
Eaton, Martin, ' Talmadffe, Pearson,
! . . n. . i " . , , i I new i.ona.on countv Messrs. smrK,
Us now in rrocess oi issue ana uie remainaer, aireaay a Duroen Wini.m. to,h t
coon the budget.
This showing has not been attained without very consider-
Taylor, Tinker, Cronin,. Bailey, Hen
derson, Pendleton, Mitchell, Rogers,
L Wilcox, Babcock, Morgan.
Cyril Arthur , Pearson, once one of
the greatest powers in British jour
nalism and latterly the leader of a
world-wide movement for the benefit
of the blind, was born at Wookey,'
Eng., forty-nine years ago today, the
son of a clergyman. . After building
up one of 'the . greatest publishing"
businesses in the British empire he
was forced to retire because of fail
ing eyesight, which finally left him
almost entirely1 blind. He began" hie
JoumaJistio careey on the staff of Sir
Oeorge Newnes, and rose to the po
sition of manager, which held for
four years. He than started in busi
ness for himself and built up soma of
the greatest newspaper and periodi
cal successes in the history of British
journalism. ; Deprived of sight), Mr.
Pearson realised the sad - plight of
the thousands so afflicted who had
not even the consolation of - wealth
and the comparative comfort " it
brings, , "People talk about the com
pensations of blindness," ; he told an
intervie-wer-- "but take it from me
that-there are none.'' - Although de
prived of sight, Mr. Pearson had lost
none of those . forceful Qualities
which ' enable him to win success ih
journalism, and ia behalf of the blind
he organised one of the greatest fund
collecting campaigns in the history; of
organised charity.' The movement
launched last year had assumed great
proportions when the war temporari
ly eclipsed all other interests. It was
Mr. - Pearson .-. who i induced King
George to make his world-wide Mar
coni wireless appeals to ships at sea,
asking help for the blind. The cam
paign had as its initial purpose tha
completion of new buildings for the
National Home for the Blind in Eng-
land.-but it soon outgrew its original
scope, and. 'became world-wide in ex
tent. The printing of books in rais
erk Braille typ ifbr the blind then be.
came the "objective of the movement.
and many volumes of literature not
before - available were added to 'the
list of such works. " '
England had never before witness
ed such a remarkable money-raising
campaign as tnat engineered by the
buna puousner. Jr-racttcaaiy every
newspaper, factory, store, shop, office,
business house, . saloon, battleship,
regimental barracks and place of as
semblage raised subscriptions.
"Movie" theatres . presented appeals
for the blind on the screen between
reels, and every theatre program
asked aid for the sightless. The pub
lie, houses and the banks vied with
each other in collecting money, and
one saloon turned in over a, thousand
dollars to the fund.. -Everywhere -the
eyas w.ere confronted with placards
asking help for those unable to see.
The Boy Scouts became collectors for
the fund, and a squad of blind, Boy
Scouts was organized and acted as a
guard of honor for the king when he
opened the new buildings of the Na
tional Institute for the Blind.. v
Preliminary work on the new 66. t-'
000,000 union terminal is Chicago was
begun. . ... ; ;
Our patrons can now pur
,...'... - -.
and the '
At prices that make their
mileage cost the lowest that
our customers have ever
4 ) . "
FAIRFIELD AVE, VARIETY STORE : BROAD CT.
rjfl n"PT,T A TTVT! car fare to otjr. cttstomitrs
VV iiton ' ""pHOITr SHARING WITH OUR EMPLOXEII3
THURSDAY, FEB. 25
25 Cent Goods
With Coupon Thursday '
15c, 2 pairs for 25c
; Half price for Silk Gtcclx
ings. These are in black enly
and subject to slight imper
fections, but big value at tkls
Try us for moderate
LAWRENCE ALDERUIA.N IS
SHOT BY FORMER STATE
SENATO R JN CITY HALL
ASK TO SEE THE SEC
TION OF THE ABOVE.
1126 MAIN STREET
Lawrence, Mass.; Feb. 24 Alder
roan Paul Hannagai was telephoning
yesterday in the office of the city en
gineer in city hall when a man en
tered and. began to shoot at him with
a revolver. One bullet struck Han
nagan in the ; head, another in the
throat ', a " third in the hand and a
fourth shattered a pipe he was smoking-
Hannagan fell .but1 did not lose
consciousness. It is expected .he will
recover. -. ': ; ... ... V,,
Dennis H. Finn, a former state
senator, was arrested, charged with
the shooting. Recently Finn spoke
at a public hearing of the general
council In support of a plan to pro
vide work for the unemployed.' Han-
nagan interrupted mm, saying me
council could not waste ,its time "lis
tening, to irresponsible persons." The
men have not been on friendly termr
since,' ' - ' '
Today marks the centenary of the
death of Robert Fulton, the Ameri
can inventor who built the first suc
cessful steamboat, and who con
structed the parent ship of the
world's steam navies. ,' Fulton was
only fifty years old when , he died,
having been born in Xiittle .. Britain,
Pa., in 1765. The man who revolu
tionized navigation was of Irish de
scent, and his early ambition was to
'become a painter. He went to Eng
land to study art under Benjamin
West, but, fortunately for the world,
he became interested in the study of
mechanical science, and abandoned
art. While; residing in Paris FuHon
invented a submarine or pluEcing
boat, called a "torpedo," desig-ned to
be used in naval warfare. In ttaa
craft Fulton could descend to any
depth,, or float on the surface. Both
France and . England refused to pa
tronize the invention, and Fulton re
turned to America and began con
structing the Qermoat, his first
M. O. A. CliASS Xtt PCBMC
SPEAKING MEETS TONIGHT.
The class in public speaking which,
opened last week at the Y. M..C. A.,
will postpone its session tonig'tit until
Friday evening to accommodate some
of its members who are - planning to
attend the annual banquet of the
. It is expected that several new men
will call Friday evening to visit the
clasa at the suggestion of Mr. Mac
Donald's former students. This will
be Mr. MacDonald's fourth season in
charge of the work in the public
speaking department at the association.
Spelter sold' at JJondon at a new
high figure of 42 pounds 5s a ton.
Because of heavy transcontinental
travel the Rock Island will put cm ar.
additional fast eteel train March 1.
E $16 Custom Suit SaT'- i 1 :
ENDS This Week, Sat. ' ."it
I tiyford Bros. Two c
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