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Ty ' ; o ... V0L51 NO. 51 BRIDGEPORT, CONN., MONDAY, MARCH 1, 1915 PRICE TWO CENTS HEW -HAVEN-- em mm MEWPLEAS Superseding Indictments On Conspiracy Charges "Are 1 Presented to Federal Court Nine Plead "Not Guilty," ' With Right to Change Plea In Thirty vDays;i:7VT:.v: fHd" Bobbins and Others Present Answers As Court Opens and Others Follow This Afternoon Trial a "Will Take Three Months, - Says Attorney for Rail road. '.".'-V:.' ,' ' '"' ." ' s - .New York, March 1 Tentative pleas of not guiltywere entered in the federal district , court V today toy superseding i ' indictments handed down' last Friday charging : 2X direc tors' and former directors of the New York, New , Haven & ; Hartford it H, Co with criminal conspiracy under thei anti-trust, law. . ' '. r - Nine, pleas' were ' entered . at ' the same time -in- behalf of as many, de fendants toy their"' counsel. They were given until March 22 to demur to the indictments or to take any other ac tion preliminary to closing the pleas. Do tanoey Nicoll, counsel for - the defendants, asked fpr 30 days in Vwhich, to -withdraw the pleas,, on the ground that the superseding: indict ment J. contains .new charges. Mr. Nleoll told Hhe court that trial would ' occupy the' attention of the court for at; least three montlisj .as the indict V ment covers the affairs jof more than a, hundred - corporations: alleged - to '. oe or to have Ibeeni parties to the com .btnatioii. , ;"- '-' - '"' -i ' ' - '; Assistant United States District At ' toniey Swacker said that' the super seding 4ndifctathenV : contained ;, little new matter.;' " .' The . nine defendants . who pleaded " this, morning are Lewis Cass Ledyard, Reftert "W. Taft. EJd ' ward IX Robbing, Charles M. Pratt, Thomas DsWRt CayJer, Theodore N. Vail. Francis T. ' Maxwell" Edward - MilMgan aod Oorg F.Bafcr.""v" s The remaining 12 defendants were to. enter pleas this afternoon.-. '- ( OTHER'S DIVORCE SUIT NOW SUED llevr Angle Revealed In Sen sational Domestic Scandal , V - of Stamford ' 'The domeetto difference- off the : McKeen - and ' Dibble f am flies . which ' have already resulted In one divorce ' and have been the topic of much dis i cuselon in - .Stamford. ; were given mom publicity today when the dl ' yorce- suit of Margaret A- , Dibble , was started before State Referee Silas I A. Robinson in the superior court. " , Mrs. Dibble charges her husband with Infidelity and names Almee lie Keen of Southlngton , as , eo-respon-; dent. : - Edward "MfVTo en. of , Stamford. 1 obtained a divorce from Aimee Me Ketn last June, .naming Minor Dib ble as co-respondent. ' Mrs. McKesem a handsome young woman, sat in the court room today .dressed tn the last word In fashion. s-,; . Mrs. Dibble said her hsubond, who holds a responsible position with ttie Southern New England Telephone Co., became Infatuated with Mrs. McKeen and spent considerable time with that . dashing matron. She : had remon strated with Dibble but he continued his friendship with the co-respondent. The f Dibbles were married In 181!. They have , two' children. . ,A - ' Policeman Dennis - Reardon ; of the Stamford force testified that he had been detailed to watch a house: where Dibble and McICeen had gone. He saw them leave together at a late hour. --..:--- . .- Attorney Creasy, representing Mrs. Dibble, was not able to .proceed with his case because a man named Brooks from Orange, N. failed to arrive. ' In the McKeen trial Brooks, who was a friend or Dibble, testified that he had seen Dibbie and Mrs. McKeen in compromising situations. VHe also' - told how' Dibble had disgusted him self so he could enter the McKeen home- without being Identified by the neighbors. - Referee Robinson said he would continue the hearing to see if Brooks -arrived" on a. late afternoon train. 1ARVT. IjAROCQTJE UEJtVES - " :t , '.. ; - fob lfosiTiosr in brjotol '"'- "Lieut. Arthur I- LaEocnue, Junior commissioned officer of the 14th Co., 'Coast Artillery Corps, C. N. C, has resigned his position with the Loco imobils Company of America to -accept a more lucrative position with the New Departure Mfg. Co., of Bris tol. He has applied for leave of ab sence from . his' command until the annual summer encampment in June. Lieut. LaRoequei is one of the most ' popular officers in .the corps and while ' &he officers ind men of the local battalion will unite in wishing him success in his new position, they re sorry ' to lose his comradeship here. .- WEATHER FORECAST , ' Fair tonight and Tuesday; moderate northwest winds. RETURN OF WILL. OF MARTHA WASHINGTON "Washington, March 1. -Attorney General Bollard, of Virginia to day asked the supreme ; court of the United States to file a suit in behalf of the state against J. i p. Morgan to . recover Martha , Washington's will. The will, it is alleged, was ta ken from the Fairfax County, Va., court house during the civil war and eventually found its way to the, late J. Pierpont Morgan's col lection of, historical documents. The state of Virginia contends that J. P. Morgan, who inherited the will from his father, has no title to it and that he has refused to return it. ; ; : J GREENE'S FRIENDS WELCOME HIM AT THE POST OFFICE New Postmaster Quietly Takes Up Duties Today Floral Greetings ' v. - Charles Farnum Greene to-day be gan his duties as postmaster of Bridgeport. !' As 'Mr. Greene was sworn in on Feb. 9 at ; "Washington, there were no induction ceremonies here to-day. - ! . ? . William H. Marigold' last night re linquished . the reins of office after serving seventeen years. - "With Mr. LGreene, he spent Suftdayin going over the business of the office, preparatory to the change to-day. Post Office Inspectors P.. D. Colvin and E. J. Rapp superintended the inventory and' oth er business details which were entail ed in the charge of the executive head of the office.- . .-'. . . i Postmaster Greene takes hold of an office that last year did a business to taling ?3T000.: In 1888 the gross business of the office was $56,440. How the office has expanded since then is evidenced forcibly by the fact: that the East Side Station alone last year ex ceeded '1 the 1 8 8 8 total, its gross re ceipts being $57,618.88. , '. ' . ; . "When Postmaster Greene .got to his office this morning, there were two bouquets ' of flowers decorating his desk.- . One was from the employes of The Farmer, where Mr. .Green for merly worked, and the other from "Ben'' Root, the oldest clerk in the post office here. .... Postmaster ; Greene's commission 3aS-fis far foar .years from- Fell - 4 1915. He said ' to-day that he, con-, templated no immediate changes in the.-" office. .-; -,As. the civil-, service law governs postoffice 1 ernployes there is, of course, no patronage .at Jils dispo sal. ' , i, . s During.- the day, scores of " Mr. Greene's personal friends. called at his office to extend : their best. wishesl for a successful administration. : - The retiring postmaster will devote his attention to his business interests. PRESIDENT FEARS WAR WILL CANCEL ., : : TRIP TO BIG FAIR "Washington, . Mar.. . 1 -President "Wilson told callers today that . the European situation was demanding so much of his attention that he was doubtful if he would be able to leave "Washington this spring even, possibly,- to make his proposed visit to the San Francisco - Exposition.. - "1 am tied here by, the legs," was th-way his ' callers said the President expressed the situation. He told the committee which call ed to. invite him to the, -southern con ference for education , and industry at Chattanooga, Tenn.,ln April that his plans were very uncertain. Robbed Baby's Bank r : To Buy Bad "Booze"; . . Rare Rumpus Results Robbing the baby's bank and spending-the contents, in a-nearby saloon to-day procured Michael Columbo, a resident of Spruce street and Hancock avenues, three month's committment to the county Jail following a lively rumpus in his home that resulted in breach of- the peace charges in - the city court. , Testimony .was intro duced to show that the prisoner spent nearly all his money in a saloon and that, upon being upbraided for neg lect of his family he had mistreated his wife. The court ordered the liquor prose cutor to notify the proprietor of Fojto's' saloon to deny Columbo liquor upon penalty of revocation of license. Probation was later granted that the family might be properly supported. Principals Prepare To Advocate Pensions For School. Teachers Tomorrow a number of supervising principals of Bridgeport public schools will go to Hartford to appear before the legislative committee on education in favp of the - bill to provide state pensions for public . school teachers. Those who will go from Bridgeport are: Euphrosyne Bown, principal of Columbus school; Mary O'Toole, prin cipal of Staples school; Mary Fllnter, principal of Wheeler school; S P. "Wil liams, principal of Prospect school, and E. E. Cortright, principal of Shel ton "school. - SIXTY PER' CENT. OF STATE BARBERS ARE ITALIANS. Hartford,. . March 1 According to figures given out by the State Bar bers' Commission today 2,300 "barbers are holding certificates in Connecti cut. - , Of these it was said about 6 0 per cent, were natives . of Italy. It was stated that Poles, Hungarians and Syrians were - engaging in the business in increasing numbers. The commissioners' said shop conditions were constantly Improving. ' BARNUM GIRGUS LEAVES QUARTERS IN THRET WEEKS ' ' Greatest Show On Earth' ' Will Open April 1 In New York Garden WILL SHOOT WOMAN FROM MOUTH OF GUN "Lalla Rookh" to Be Spec tacle This Year Will Not Go to Coast The Barnum & Bailey show will be gin its 1915 tour of the eastern states March 26, when in four sections of 60 cars the big aggregation of tents, men and animals will go to Madison Square Garden in New York city. -There preparations will be made for the big gest spectacle and show ever staged by any circus in the world. .The show season will open its gates to the pub lic on the night of April 1, following a large parade through the . streets of New York. As the "Greatest Show on Earth"' went to the Pacific coast last year, it will not this year go beyond theRocky muuautuis, out will go as lull iiurui as "Winnipeg, Canada. " Preparations are - . now being .com pleted for one of the biggest and best spectacles-ever staged as a preliminary to the - riding, tumbling and other thrilling exhibitions that are a part of a circus. Not unlike "Cleopatra" in its gorgeousness, "Lalla ' Rookh" ' will this year be even a greater feature for hundreds of pretty - dancers, ' and a panoply of scenic investment will char acterize the opening event. More than 1,000 ' characters wil be required for the spectacle. , ; Another big feanire, 'already an nounced, will be the, firing of a woman from a big German siege gun. ' Thi hazardous feat has been carefully ar ranged and is said to be highly suc cessful. .- LADDERMAH WILL BE CHARGED WITH NEGLECT OF DUTY Fire Commissioners - ' Will Hear llan Who Head Box Number Wrongly . r- . Because he counted an alarm from 'Box 331. as 231 and sent his company to that box and a considerable dis tance out of the way from a fire, Iad derman Jerome' .B Turpin of Truck company No. 1, will face charges of neglect of duty at the meeting of the Are -"board, Wednesday night. " Lieut. Broderick of the 'company, has been summoned as a. witness. ! The- commissioners have recently expended $900 Installing a new sys tem by which the alarms are to toe counted. They are at a loss to un derstand why Turpin could not cor rectly, report "the . 'box. President John A. Leonard of the board recent ly made a rule that- charges of ne glect -of duty ' must be filed against any man on watch who incorrectlx, reported an alarm and sent the- ap paratus away ..from a fire Instead of to -it. President Leonard said to day: - :'.. ' " ; : : X ' ; "It is a serious ; matter and I can not understand ; how Turpin - made such a mistake. "We are trying to Impress on" all members of the de partment the Importance of having the man on watch correctly report the location of the box from which the : alarm sounds." EXfERT RIFLEMEN OUT GUNNING FOR CONNOR'S POSITION Thirteen patriots are . ready ' and willing to succeed Arthur F. Connor as a member of the board of apprai sal of benefits nd damages. Mr. Con nor is to succeed Max Cohen who has had charge of the registry of auto mobilists at the office of the secretary of state In Hartford. ' Just now the choice for the position lies between James A. Turner and B. F. Cooney. Mr. Turner is a lawyer, the secretary or the Bridgeport club and a well known man about town. : He Is an active worker in the Fourth District Republican club .and for more than 10 years has taken an active interest in Republican politics. Attorney Tur ner has never held political office and his appointment would meet with much favor among - the ' Republicans here. Mr. Cooney is also popular and has a large following including several members of .the Republican town committee who desire to see him get the place. Charles Kingston, a Republican of the Sixth district, was appointed by Mayor "Wilson . this year for three years to succeed Percy C. Farwell, former town chairman. Mr. King ston will be elected president of the board when Mr. Connor resigns. Mr. Connor has said that his resignation will be forthcoming at the convenience of the mayor. Besides Turner and Cooney, Charles Lomnitzer in the Third district, Chas. Blackham in the Eleventh district, "Al" Phelps of the Ninth . district, Ellas S. Hall, Jr., who lives in the Sec ond district and Joseph M. Harrison of the Fourth district are candidates. Hall and Harrison are officers in the National Guard and both lately have taken an active interest in Re publican politics. Hall Is captain of the 11th company and a ballistic -ex- nf '( tVio Rur.fnrtnn.irmi.IT 1VT C I Co. 'V. . DOPE PEDDLERS, FEARING FEDERAL LAW, LEAVE CITY New Legislation In Effect Charities Department Pre pares for Emergencies HOSPITALS TO BE OPENED TO VICTIMS Those Seeking Aid Must Promise to Follow Instruc tions and Use Will Power Federal legislation prohibiting sell ing or giving away any habit-forming drug, without a physician's prescrip tion or without direct instruction of a physician, went intoeffect to-day, and co-incidentally, it is announced that drug agents, peddlers, and others who prey upon those addicted to nar cotics In Bridgeport . have disappear ed. , . . . State Pharmacy Commissioner J. A. Leverty said this morning that inves tigation has showed that during the last few days the last of the "big fel lows" among the drug dispensers has "skipped town." - At the same time,, extensive prepa rations were begun to-day by the charities' department of the city, to handle the situation that is expected to develop.;. The lid is on, and it is expected the drug users throughout the city will be overcome through a lack of the drug. The result will be great suffering and an unusual situa tion for the charities department to handle. V , Surgeons of the Emergency hospi tal - were instructed this morning to prepare for the treatment of the suf ferers. : It was announced that those persons addicted to he drugs, who feel themselves becoming ill and in pain, may come to the Emergency hospital for treatment. If in. very serious condition they 'will be removed to the hospitals. Cases may be reported to the hospital and they will be handled according to the stage of the suffering. If violent, Ijakeview home will be uti lized. --,.; However-, no palliative treatment will be given, that is, the obsolete system of giving the victims drugs to alleviate' their pain will not be used. The physicians in the hospitals will treat the sufferers according to medi cal standards. However, the victims must agree o remain In the hospitals until they are given permission to go. and they must stay until the ' treat- men Is concluded. They will hot be admitted -without . this - agreement. They must further promise, to call to their assistance as much will power as they can muster. The Federal law, which goes into effect to-day is a far reaching one. Violators are subject to a fine of not more than $2,000, or to imprisonment for five years, or both. A tax of $1 a year is fixed for all who sell drugs. The drugs banned by the Federal law include opium, cocaine, leaves or any compound, manufacture', salt de rivative, or preparation made from such drugs. , Remedies that cannot be dispensed without a physician's or der include those containing more than' two grains of opium or more than one-fourth of a grain of mor phine or one-eighth of heroin or one grain of codeine. ASTORS SPLIT, NAME 10 TO ACT ON BILLY SUNDAY Clergymen's Association In s Long v Session Debates Plan to Ask Revivalist to Come Here. Members of the Bridgeport Pas tors' association are not : unanimous on the attributes of "Billy" Sunday, the baseball evangelist. At the meet ing of the .association held this after noon, the pastors disputed his meriVs. As a result a committee to Investi gate his methods and the advisability of bringing him to 'his city for a week or eight days revival, was ap pointed, and late this afternoon 'the committee will be ratified. . It consists of Revs. Gerald Beard, John G. Sadt- ler, John P. Brown, George M. Brown, Thomas H. - Kelley, Everett Burnes, George O. Tamblyn, "W. S. Lacey, P. E. Matildas and H. A. Davenport. Rev. Mr.' Davenport was in favor of Sunday. He said there is no stig ma of plagiarism against him and he is not dishonest. His motives can not be impugned, he said. He has been preaching successfully for 10 years, he declared. Rev. Herbert D. Gallaudet, was al so In favor of Sunday, Some of the other pastors disputed the virtues of the basoballing evangelist, however, and because of the lack of agree ment, a committee was appointed to decide the question. Some of the association want Sun day here tcftry a revival, lasting a week or eight days. CLERK BALDWIN HOME George M. Baldwin, clerk of ' the board of contract and supply has ren turned from a vacation of two weeks spent at Camden, S. C. The Moulin Rouge of Paris, famous as a music and dance hall, was de stroyed by fire.1 HUSBAND FACING GRAND JURY, MRS STEGLER IN ROW Wife of Man Indicted for Passport Frauds, Arrest ed In Brawl at Hotel REPORTER COMPLAINS SHE ASSAULTED HIM Court Frees Her and De nounces Her Accuser She Charges Plot to Discredit New "York, March 1 Mrs. Richard P. Stegler, arrested today at the Gne noble Hotel on a charge of felonious assault made by Arthur Mateiket, re porter! for a German newspaper, was discharged later in police court. Had certain evidence been more definite, the magistrate said he would have been inclined to send her accuser to the workhouse. Almost at the moment of her dis charge in police court the Federal grand jury returned an indictment charging her husband with conspir acy against the United States in ob taining an American passport false ly. Stegler is a. German naval re servist. Two others were indicted with , him Richard Madden, in whose name the passport was issued, and Gustav Cook, of Hobokeh, who It -is charged, ' participated in obtaining the passport- The three men were to be arraigned later in the after noon. . , Mrs. Stegler spent the night in a cell. Mateiket, who appeared against her, told the court that she had at tacked him in a bedroom with a seltzer bottle and then had beaten over the head with a cane. He showed no marks - of an encounter, however. The testimony brought out the fact that Mateiket and anoth er man had accompanied : the two women to the hotel, one of them be ing Mrs. Stegler;1. that the party had remained in the hotel parlor for some time and afterwards had obtained adjoining rooms where they remained until. 1:30 o'clock. Mrs. Stegler testified thai the party remained together during the entire period they were at the hotel and that the two men had tried to disrobe her. At no time. he testified, were she and Mateiket alone. t-Jie characterized tha. charge against, her as a conspir acy. : - : ; . In dismissing the complaint the magistrate announced that he wuold be inclined to send . Mateiket and his male companion to the workhouse if the testimony concerning their alleg ed attempts to disrobe Mrs. Stegler were more definite and clear. At . the Grenoble hotel it was learned that Mrs. Stegler and Mateiket came to the ' hotel .about 2 o'clock . Sunday night. They arrived - in an automobile and were accompanied by another young man and "woman. Both men carried suit cases which, according to the hotel people, they" guarded care fully, even refusing' to allow bellboys to carry them to adjoining rooms which were assigned to the -two cou ples after they yhad registered at the hotel desk. About 1 o'clock this morn ing a call for the police Game from the room to which Mateiket had been as signed and when Detective Burgess rived he was asked by the man to ar rest his-companion. . . " Mrs. : Stegler said, according" to the matron, that a woman friend. Anna Hoffman, " had called her up by tele phone and made an appointment to meet her in the evening as she had something important . to communicate. When they met there were two young men companions who invited them to the hotel for dinner .,It was later when Mateiket, it is . stated, began questioning her regarding; the pass port rraua, mat tne row occurred. Mrs. Annette Stegler has appeared prominently in the passport fraud charges In the defense of her husband, Richard P. Stegler. It was through her influence, she said, : that Stegler gave up ,the idea of being a German spy and caused him to make, a confes sion in which he alleged that Captain Boy-Ed, the German naval attache. was behind his activity for the Ger man cause. WILL ORDER GRADE ON NORTH PARK AVE. The streets and sidewalks com mittee wiil submit a report tonight to th common council ordering the; city engineer to establish a grade in Park avenue north of the Beach hot houses. A 38 foot roadway will be establish ed and a considerable cut will be made in front of the old Beach home stead. The giant elms and maple trees which for years . have shaded both sides of the roadway will not be cut down, as has been reported. Instead the streets and sidewalks committee have worked out a plan for an esplanade along this section with grass plots alternating between the rows of treses. Property - owners there will be ordered to lay curb, gutter and sidewalks, the walks to be inside the line of trees. KING WHjIj BE SPEAKER AT AliDERMANIC BXiOWOTJT John T. King will be one of the guests and speakers at the aldermanic dinner to be held. In the Stratfield ballroom March 3. Business or pre vious engagements will prevent Al dermen Moran, McHugh and Kearns from being present and they have re turned their tickets. Either Mayor "Wilson or City Clerk Robinson will be toastmaster. ALDERMAN OLSON RETURNS FROM TRIP IX THE SOUTH Alderman Mauritz Olson of the Fifth district is home from a two weeks' business trip spent at Bal timore and other Maryland cities. Ply y lyju y liui u d nnrr UU La VdJ ALLIES WILL STOP SHIPS TO GERMANY "Washington, March . 1 Prance and Great Britain served notice' on the United States today that they would hold themselves at liberty to stop all shipping hereafter to and from Germany. .' ' 'A communication outlining meas ures Of reprisal on the part of the al lies for the submarine warfare on mer chant ships conducted by Germany, was delivered to Secretary Bryan by the French and British ambassadors here who called "personally at the state deparament together for that purpose. Secretary Bryan promptly appris ed President Wilson of the new move but declined to make any statement. "What the nature of the step is was not disclosed by the ambassadors who Intimated that the state v department would make all announcements on the subject. Since the' first report from Lon don ' that the allies had decided to hold up all shipping to and from Germany, a notification along this line has been . expected 'here but of ficials have refrained from' express ing any opinion as to the courts of the ' American government in recog nizing the validity of the proposed measures until the text of the declar ation'tobe made has been carefully, examined. - ' ' ! " , ' ' Continued on Page 2. . 1" Summary f OF THE -"War News . A new attempt to force back the German line in France ap parently , is under way in the Champagne ' region and although no definite results have been achieved, a battle of considerable importance is developing. Attacks of the allies along this section of the front have been proceeding tentatively for several days but the communication from the Ger man war office today indicates ! that an assault In force has now been launched. It is said that at least two army corps of French were engaged and that they were repulsed after fierce fighting at close quarters. , , In the Argonne, Berlin reports, ' the French made five efforts to . break through the" German posi tions, being thrust back in each instance. The French statement asserts that the allies made slight progress in the Vosges. In the British House of Com- . mons, Premier Asquith announc ed that at no time previously had the British government been more confident that the allies would achieve victory. The Rumanian minister of the interior is credited with the state ment that a representative of his , country has made a formal . ' agreement -with Great Britain, France and Russia for entering the .war with them. Bucharest advices say that 10 classes of Rumanian reserves have been called out for Mar. 13. It has been expected that should Ru mania enter the war sue would do so in the , hope of enlarging her territory at the expense of Austria with the particular ob ject vof obtaining Transylvania which is populated largely by Rumanians. A semi-official statement from - Petrograd deals with the, Rus sian offensive movement in northern Poland near the Prus sian border, where, it is said, the Germans are being pushed back steadily. The fighting, in ' this region is severe and progress each day is claimed for the Russians. In eastern Galicia at the other ex treme, of the Russian front the . Austrians are reported to have suffered reverses. These claims, hpwever, have not been borne out from either Berlin or ViJ enna. " Official VIEWS OF " World's War GERMAN Berlin, Mar. 1- The official an nouncement on the progress of . the war given out in Berlin today con tains a statement that th French forces have begun the use of a special artillery shell which spreads a poi sonous gas fon exploding. The text of the communication follows: "In the western arena of the; war: Near "Wervico, north of Lille, an Eng lish flying machine has been forced Continued on Page, 2. 1 w 1 Kliu ! I French and British Fleets Pass Entrance to Straits! and Seige of Constantino-i ' pie Is Begun Fall of Turkish Capital Not Ex pected for Several Months.! Russian Successes In EastT' ern Theatre of War Tem porarily Check German Advances Berlin Claims Repulse of Allies' Attacks Upon - Line In Western War Area. London, March 1. The flags of -Great Britain and France are now flying at 4he entrance to the Iardanelles over the Turkish forts reduced by the ejj. power of the- allies. ' While it would appear to be a fact that the allied fleet has reached .Clia nak, 15 miles from the Mediterranean, entrance to the straits, the British press warns the public not' to expect the immediate fall of Constantinople. Nevertheless, the operations of the British and French watships against the sea .defenses of Constantinople are creating a tremendous stir in the ner east. Broussa, in Asiatic Turkey, has been selected by the Turks as their new capital in case it becomes neces sary to evacuate) Constantinople. The Germans in Turkey, it was declared, wanted the Turks to move to Adria n ople -in European Turkey, but the Turks would have none of this, and started shipping their archives ti " Broussa. Interest in the fighting along the eastern battle front has been deflected for the moment from the Carpathians to the north of Poland where the Rus sians appear to be making a desperate effort to regain the ground which, Field Marshal Von Hindenburg won. when he threw them back from TOast Prussia, Consequently, the stubborn struggle "jcontiiru.g-j on the line from the Bobr to ttha Barew where Grand Cuke Nicholas has yet, to establish his ascendancy. "Vienna reports a violent engagement in Bukowina but does not tell the out come while Petrograd claims to have checked the Austro-German advances in his region. In the west interest is entering on the fighting in the Champagne region where fierce attack and counter-attack have marked the operations of the last week. Berlin claims to have repulsed, the continued French advances in this region while Paris asserts that tha French troops have "beVn successful in making" progress. Paris claims, also, the capture of 2,000 yards of trenches' to the northwest and north of Beause Jour. : Practically all discussion of the dip lomatic situation has been suspended in the expectation of the statement of Premier Asquith is to make in parlia ment . this afternoon on the steps tho allies probably will take to meet the menace of the German submarine blockade. In the meantime no prog ress has been made in the case of the American steamship "Wilhelm,the fate of which may become a mere formal ity. ' ASQUITH ASSERTS GERMANY FORCED "FOOD BLOCKADE" London, March ' 1 "Germany has driven her opponents to adopt retali atory measures to prevent commodi ties of every kind from reaching or leaving Germany," said Premier As quith in the House of. Commons to day. - .. ' Referring . to what he termed his purposes of peace, Mr. Asquith said it was not time, to talk of peace; that time would arrive "only when the great purposes of the allies are in sight of accomplishment." The proposed measures of reprisal against Germany, : the premier said, would be enforced with strict obser vance of the dictates of humanity but the allies did not purpose to "al low, their efforts to be strangled in: a network of Judicial niceties."-" " Y There was no intention, he explain ed, ,to. confiscate .detained ships or cargoes unless . they Vere liable to confiscation under the ordinary con ditions of war. Referring to the German naval campaign' against German shipping the premier declared that Germany had violated systematically all the conventions intended for the mitiga tion of warfares She had taken fur ther steps, the Premier said, by or ganizing "an undersea campaign of piracy and pillage." Germany, he de clared, could never blockade English shores. The premier declared that the allies would hold themselves free to capture goods wherever there was a presumption that such goods were destined for the use of their enemies or had been sent "from hostile coun tries. RUSSIAN SUCCESSES OF BIG IMPORTANCE " Petrograd, March ' 1 The highest importance is attached by the Russian military authorities to the German de feat at Przasnysz. It is asserted by Russian staff officers that the Ger man's hope of success during their operations of the last fortnight along the northern front was based upon, their confidence in breaking the Rus sian line at Przasnysz. This attempt by the Germans to strengthen ii position of their left wing which was (Continued on Page Two) 1