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THE FARMER: MARCH 1T BRIDGEP ORTE VENING FA RMER f ,1::: ' " OFOtJJTDED 1700.) 'rriHUbed-1r TtorFaiBUg-PnMlshin I 5 Conn. " PHOVE : .-. LaSSSf 1 : PHONE mBsaanssss ; ,QOirfT-s. kihtokiaij PFTTICE : re" -yr-nwri Wpi ... DQPARTUEH1! rOBEIGK REFRESENTATTTOS " XUUHUXt.aimtU & SYedrtoks. New York. Bostom and OMewa MONDAY, BCARCH 1, 115. SHOULD THE ADOPTION OF THE COMMISSION FORM REQUIRE 51 PER CENT. OF THE ELECTORATE? M R, KING, the Republican leader, has said that commission ' . government ought not to be adopted in Bridgeport ! except upon approval by 51 jier cent of all persons entitled to . At first thought there may seem to be little objection to this proposition,-especially by those not very familiar, with the ' principles upon which democratic forms of government are ad ministered. " ' i Such1 a vote, however, is unworkable, and it would tend to paralyze democratic action. . It is foreign to the actual work ing principles that prevail in the United States., , Its application' to elections, and even to legislatures, would result in unending difficulties, and would frequently paralyze government activities, or leave government to. the hands of those exercising hold over authority. ; . Everybody will remember (the difficulties that confronted Connecticut when the governor was required to have a majority i of the1 votes cast.- The state was in frequent turmoil. That re ' quirement gave us the "deadlock" yfear, in which the govern' meht was virtually an anarchy,. ' ? 1 ; ( The best that could come of such a situation was that the legislature should elect a governor. , - ; '-; . This the legislature- did, when it could.- But ho matter what the legislature did, there stood the plurality of votes for the ? candidate whom the people had chosen. . t .V" : ." ' Such a situatiori'could not but provoke the repeal of this j i provision. iNowthe governor is elected, as every other officer ' is,-by a plurality of- those voti ng., ' ! Very seldom in its history would Connecticut have chosen a governor by popular vote, had there been a requirement that the successful candidate should have a majority of all those entitled to vote. v: '.5 J ' '.V .-J ', ; , ' As rule no more than 75 per cent of those entitled to vote do vote. Under a majority requirement the elected candidate 'would have to- obtain two-thirds of the vote actually cast. ' , The election of Mayor Wilson would have required at least ! 10,000 votes. He had less than 8,000. ' .'..''-. Governor Holcomb would not have been elected. ,"' -The United States would not have elected a president with i in the last 75 years except by the "will 'of the presidential.-el ec- - - Up tothis time we 'are speaking of a majority requirement, f- But Mr. King wants more than this. He wants 51' per cent. In defense of this extraordinary proposition he claims that t commission' government represents an extraordinary change, and .that tnereiore tne city snould pass upon it by an unusual method. , - ) , But commission government for a city is not more impor tant than the adoption of a constitution, to be the organic, law of the state. The constitution of 1818 was adopted by a' major ity of those voting. !-? J v: . 'f -;;;v:,fi ':iv'i;v ''.''- V;i ' ' "'' ' More than a million people today are living, very comfort ably under rules which received their authority from less than 13,000 persons, for the constitution was adopted by the affirmar tive vote of less than that number of electors. The Farmer has no interest ; in commission government, beyond seeing that the people get it if they want it. Whether or not Bridgeport ought to have a commission is debatable. But Mr. King's proposal is not debatable. An attempt to make it effective would swamp any politician that ever lived. ' As a mere theory Mr. King's 51 per cent of the electorate is merely a curious riew. Embodied in legislation, it would be' an assault upon a basic principle of American government, that the people are sovereign, and that the sovereignty of the people is expressed by their will declared by the ballots of a plurality of those voting. ' -. , If Mr. King believes that Mayor Wilson should get out of office and stay out until he obtains the vote of 51 per cent of the whole electorate, and will' get an act to this purpose, he can get support ,f or his commission government requirement. There are plenty of voters who believe commission govern ment would never have been needed if there had never been any Mayor Wilson. These voters might be willing to" kill two birds with the same stone. 4 , - v : NO OCCASION FOR i"kTjTHING IN the relations of the United States with Eu , -Ll rope requires at this time any retaliatory measure of any character.. The war. in Europe subjects; this country to "much inconvenience, but the war is not conducted for that pur pose Our difficulties are an unavoidable by-product.' ;. ..Much .of the discussion of our duties in this situation are plainly, based on medieval conceptions, in which nations went to war,' as lightly as duelists used to, for almost any sort of iaffront, real or fancied. r - i . . The war is the createst of all the aces. Histnrv . t.P.Tla rf , . W - U - - . pio thing like it. Nobody knows why it has occurred. It may ie the result of arbitrary conduct upon the part of a few indi tyiduals V On the other hand, it may be that the cause is deep seated in the institutions of men. "Through the progress of he ages one eternal purpose runs." So wrote the poet, and so fhumanity has believed. In this view, the war may be as nec essary to the future of society, as an earthquake may be to the equilibrium r of the planet. i Europe fights, not to injure us, but for self preservation, pur interests, and especially our mere trade interests, are en tirely .subordinate to Europe's necessity, and ought to be. I- -, An, embargo retaliation is unnecessary, and only less re jgrettable than actual war.. Let xis concede to Europe the right jfco fight its Armageddon according to its own necessity. Let trade continue, but at its own risk, or at the risk of the insurer. Under this rule, as vThe Farmer has before shown, (Europe destroys her own property, for trade carries the hazards jof the enterprise, and the European purchaser pays for the goods, ' plus' the risk. . ' ( ; An1 embargo would be justified only for some reason in rvolving our own comfort, or security, as that the exportation pf food stuffs might be forbidden to prevent war prices here. The experience of the United States with embargo against g Co, 1T Fftlrfleld At(, Bridgeport, "RETALIATION' its own trade has not been encouraging. In consequence of the injuries to trade inflicted by England and France during the Napoleonic wars; congress in 1806 for bade trade with those nations, and in 1807, at the suggestion of Jefferson, passed an act prohibiting any America vessel, except a Coaster, sailing from an American port. In 1813, during our war with England, another such act was passed. These em bargoes were extensively evaded, and created universal dissat isfaction at home. Let trade move at its own risk. If it cannot move under those conditions, it cannot move at all. No principle of national honor calls for retaliation in any form. To plunge our people into the European war upon some medieval principle of affront would be a national dishonor, and an insult to the national intelligence. The United States looksjwith unspeakable sorrow upon the anguish of the continent on the other side of the Atlantic. It offers mediation and healing.. It desires such intercourse as Europe will permit. - I .s But the United States does not, cannot and will not regard the misery of civilization as- something to be added to unless some of us can make a profit by it. SIX LOST AT SEA Norwegian Tank Liner in Fla mes, Crew Escapes in . Open Boats Only to Disappear in Heavy Seas Steamer Saved By Huge Waves Breaking Over Bows Navigation In struments Gone, Captain Finally Slakes Port. New York, Maxell 1 Six members of the crew of the Norwegian tank steamer La Habra, carrying a cargo of 'benzine, ; were lost at sea. in an open 1oat they had launched in an effort to escape from flames which threatened her, according: to an un usual shipwreck story .brought to this port today from Horta, Fayal iby the Holland-American freighter Zaa.ii dijk. .... ' The Are aboard the La Habra was caused toy an explosion of benzine while she was. on her way from Ta lara Bay, (Peru, to London .by way of the Panama, Canal. ' The captain or dered the crew to take to the boats and stand -by. The chief officer and five men. were in a -boat towing astern when the painter burned off and they drifted away without oars in a heavy sea, ho said. ' ; . " The fire was extinguished by giant waves which broke over the ship and the captain took her safely into Hor ta. Feb. 7 toy dead reckoning for all his navigation instruments.- were OCEAN LINER SAFE IN PORT HERE AFTER PERILOUS TRIP THROUGH 1INELADEN SEA New York, March 1. -Unusual pre cautions for safety were observed by the American line steamer New York which sailed from Liverpool, Feb. 20, and reached this port to-day. As she steamed out of , the Mersey under cover of darkness with the German submarine war zone to pass, she was convoyed by- four torpedo , boat de stroyers and lifeboats from her davits ready for instant use. , Two hundred and twenty-one pas sengers were aboard, B0 of whom VILLA REPORTS, GREAT VICTORY OVER CARRANZA Many Prisoners Taken and 1 Heavy Casualties in Battle .of Acambro. El Paso, March 1. A battle .between Villa and Oarranza troops at San Ma teo, Chihuahua, and the capture of Acambaro, Guanajuato state, . is re ported in a brief telegram signed by Francisco Villa received. here last night by The Associated Press. Th message dated Guadalajara, follows: "I take -pleasure in informing you th at in a battle held yesterday (Sat urday) at San Mateo the forces belong ing to the countrymen of General Ur bina defeated the . Carranzistas who lost betweea 45 and 50 men. They also captured seven 'prisoners' and about 200 fugitives gesides 50- rifles and a rapidfirer. "In the state, of Guanajuato the forces under General Isaac Arroys,, of the northern division, took the city of Acambaro, capturing several locomo tives and a large quantity of war sup plies." PURIM, FEAST OF THE LOTS, CELEBRATED BY PEOPLE OF JEWISH FAITH "The Lessons, of Purim to Our Mod ern Generation," was the - subject of the sermon delivered yesterday by. Rev. David At. Levy at the- Park ave nue temple in observance or' Purim, the Feast of the Lots. Purim was observed , generality throughout Bridgeport yesterday by members of the Jewish faith. The Book of Esther was read in the syn agogues. Rabbi William Wlttenstein conduct ed the services at the Congregation Adath Israel. Let Us Refill Your Fern Dish JOHN RECK & SON tourned. UNIDENTIFIED LINER ADRIFT IN MID-OCEAN " New . York, March" 1 An unidenti fied steamship was drifting' last week with all propeller 'blades shorn oft, near the middle of the Atlantic, ac cording tor the log of the American line- steamer New "York which reach ed here tdday from Liverpool. ' The New York was spoken by wire less on last Thursday toy the British steamer Milwaukee bound from Can adian ports for Liverpool. The Mil waukee advised the New York of the drifting steamer's plight and fixed her location as Lat. 41, Long. 45.20. The name of . the steamship was given as the Tritonian in the 'wireless message but j maritime records here failed to disclose any such name. , According to the - wireless message the "Tritonian" requested, a. tow 'and added that, except for the loss of her propeller blades all was well, a'board. ; . ' came from, Paris. Several of. the latter : tirere so . delayed In reaching Liverpool that Mr. Page, the Ameri can ambassador to Great Britain, asked -the steamship officials to hold the New. York for them. During her passage through the waters believed to be. infested with, submarines, pas sengers and .crew on board the New York were in readiness to take to the lifeboats at a moment's notice. When the war zone was left behind the torpedo boats, returned. ? FOUR HOMICIDES, 13 SUICIDES IN STATE DURING LAST MOUTH New . Haven, March I. Fifty-three persons suffered violent; deaths in .the state during , February,, according to unofficial records, 36 being, accidental, 13 suicidal and four -homicidea. The total for January was 55, divided : Ac cidental 41, .suicidal 13, homicide 1. In the list of accidental deaths for February the chief contributing cause was falling with a total of. 9 victims. Burning was second with 7 and the railroad third with five. - DROWNED III COlltl. RIVER, BODY FOUND OFF LONG ISLAND . . ' " , . - Chester, Conn., March 1. Word has been reecived here from Coroner C C. Miles, of Greenport, L. I., of the find ing of the body of John Stone, one of the three men from here supposedly drowned In the Connecticut rjfver last October but none of whose bodies had since been' seen. The corpse found floating near Greenport was identified by credit slips in pockets . Stone was married and had a family living in Killingworth. - ' . POOR COUNTERFEIT $10 BILL IS FOUND Washington, March 1. Chief Flynn, of the secret cervice, has isued a warn infg of the existence of a poor coun terfeit of the new ?10 national bank note on the Second National bank of Boston .bearing the portrait of Wil liam McKinley. It is a photographic production on which no attempt has been made to color the seal or numbering. Farmer Want Ads. One Cent a Word. Scott Successfully Delivers Kansas Gift to Hungry Belgians . W it - " CHAR.LS r-. SCOTT- former Congressman Charles" F. Scott of Kansas has written letters to bis friends at home telling about the Joy with which the poor people of Bel gium have received the shipload of provisions sent by Ills state. . Kansas was one of the first states in the Union to come to the aid of the starving Bel gians. Carload after carload of flour, canned ifoods and other provisions were donated and were ' shipped to Holland in chrge of Mr. Scott. The ship arrived safely and the provisions were properly dispensed. , WANT RETURN TO OLD CAUCUS PLAN FOR NOMINATIONS Newtown Citizens and Some Office Holders Scent Row V i' Over Election. (Special to The Farmer) Newtown, Mar. , 1 With the. bor ough election two months in the fu ture, there is considerable' activity among the incumbents looking . to wards denomination. Worry is ap parent on the faces of many of the hard-worked officials, whose chief efforts seem to be directed against any movement for partisan caucuses. Since the borough resumed its cor porate1 powers a few years ago,, only a citizen or non-partisan 'eaucus- has been in vogue,, but the talk is run ning, strong in another direction this year and -both influential democrat and Republican boroughites are agi tating for caucuses of both parties to name candiates to be voted , for . in the election' next May.- ""; These party men claim the citizen's caucus is an anarchonism, and is mainly responsible for the oligarchy alleged to be running things. How to go about it, is what puzzles them, as no member of the town committee-of either of the older political par ties, resides in the borough and the dissatisfied citizens are at a loss how to call caucuses. The . beneficiaries of the present plan are bending every effort to forestall action in this di rection by the town committees of the old parties, and thus squelch the insurrection at the start. , . v Whether the Newtown ' Borough Charter provides a way to register party wants in this case nobody seems to know, as the Borough clerk, Charles F. Beardsley is away for the winter, and the authorized printing of the municipal laws and their dis tribution to taxpayers, ordered by the annual meeting of last May, has not been done, and nobody knows when it. will be done. The non-compliance of ' the official borough board ' with this instruction is looked upon by the dissatisfied taxpayers - as a dodge, and the absence of 'the borough clerk at this time a part, of part of the game to side track the opposition. Some of the latter are grewim? bitter- in .their denunciation of the tac tics of the standpatters, and have ap proached the chairman of the Pro gressive town committee who resides within the borough limits with a view, to call a caucus of the Progres sives if action by the other town committees is forestalled. The Giant recruits at the training camp, Marlin, Tex., rendered valua ble aid to firm en of the city in fight ing, a fire which did. $35,000 dam age. , v . , . r Sfiiiy Ttoese And you will be able to save money on your Tire and Tubes. UNDER THE USUAL GUAR- ANTEE 3,500 ; MILES . ' 1 28 30 3 Non Skid 3 Non Skid $ 7.45 $ 7.86 $10.14 $11.64 $16.20 $16.49 $17.46 $23.35 $27.46 . . . 30 x Sy2 Non Skid ... 32 x 312 Non Skid . . . 33 x 4 Non Skid . ... . . 34 x 4 Non Skid . 36 x 4 Non Skid 36 ..'iy2 Non Skid . ... 37 x 5 Non Skid GREY TUBES GUARANTEED 30 x 3 Grey Tubes . . . 30 x Sy2 Grey Tubes . 32 x 3V2 Grey Tubes . $1.88 $2.16 $2.24 $3.12 $3.20 $3.36 $4.24 $5.04 33 x 4 Grey Tubes . . 34 x 4 Grey Tubes . 36 x 4 Grey Tubes . 36 x 4y2 Grey Tubes . 37 x 5 Grey Tubes . THE ALLING RUBBER CO. 1126 MAI?? STHFr' Established iSsf Dainty Apparel for the Newest Arrivals The Section . for Infants' Wear directs attention to the very large assortment of Slips and Frocks for the lit tlest folk. These garments are of fine nainsook and ex quisitely hand made. ,; '- Prices begin at $1.00 - - It is surprising to see how very well made is a little dress for $1.00. There are a few little hand-run tucks, a sprinkling of tiny French knots, and some rows of feather stitching. Neck and sleeve bands are finished with the narowest of Valenciennes edging. From $1.00 and $1.25 to $5.50 According to fineness of material and amount ot workmanship. - Short White Dresses, for ages 6 months and to one and, two years, have the little yokes smocked with white, pale blue or pale pink. Smocking is a form of needle craft, that is centuries old, and seldom does its effective simplicity fail to please. These dresses are from $3.50 up. ' .: ' " v - ' r Second Floor. Some Novelties in Jewelry. 3 : The ever convenient little brooch known as the "Friendship Circle" arrives in more attractive styles than ever, ready to be used' with Circles with gold tops Circles in blue, white, or; black enamel, Circles in white and black cb mbined, -Circle Sets, two pins. ' J . f; ' -' ' three pins '" S - - " Circles of brilliants ' with black enamel, Any of these could be used as slipper buckles. ; f:-. Fof; the - Hair.;--- 7r;'r7r':: The "Sans Gene" Casque Comb,' effecteErench' twist, $200 .i ' . .-Kr-.-.r-.:. -: j A Comb known as. "The Eternal Question", of hand some demi-blonde shell, which appears when placed in the hair, like an interrogation mark of mysterious fashion, 50 ets. . . ' . , . ' f ; . The "Castle Band" which is the little filet band worn by .Mrs. Vernon Castle, havmg 4 cdlored jewels, sap phires topaz, moonstones, etc., arranged to fall on the forehead, and a pendant baroche, pearl ( with them, :2ZQ. vv-"., . . At the Jewelry Section Do you wish to send a Birthday Handkerchief? Put it in a , Folder of quaint design that carries a word of greeting and a breath of sweet smelling ; sachet, 20 ets each. ' ' ... HandkercMef Section . The Art Section is complete with new jnacterials of all desired kinds! The pattern books of Miss Alden are avail able .for those who wish' exclusive, designs oa garxneirfs of any kind or housekeeping linens. . - ' . -v:."-.V ; ""' - Main Floor . fBeniemberto see the display of Spring ' Dress Cottons, Flowered and Embroidered Voiles, Poplins, Organdies and Lawns. , . - v '' " Basement ';. The EX M. Read FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE 4 BROAD ST. f!f nPP'PATTVT' CAB FAKE 1K OtrR'CrrSTOMERS lJU-UrilWili. V Ji lmoFrr SHAIUXG WITH OCR EMFLOTI3S BEST VALUE IN COTTON BATTING ; Large rolls veiy white cotton. - Similar tor Irfnd sold at 25c ; T ''ir-'- ''V'-- 7 ROLLS.FOR $iba r" JOHN 610 FAIRFIELD -AVENUE Furniture Dealer, Upholsterer and Cabinet Maker, uper ior Fabrics for FumkuK Axukyyvan&rA TsJ-1 spring waists and gowns! . 25 cts 50 ets j ' - ', ; 59 ets v ' 50 ets 50 ets and $1,00 F.