THE FARMER: MARCH 1T
BRIDGEP ORTE VENING FA RMER
f ,1::: ' " OFOtJJTDED 1700.)
I 5 Conn.
" PHOVE : .-. LaSSSf 1 : PHONE
mBsaanssss ; ,QOirfT-s. kihtokiaij
PFTTICE : re" -yr-nwri Wpi ... DQPARTUEH1!
rOBEIGK REFRESENTATTTOS "
XUUHUXt.aimtU & SYedrtoks. New York. Bostom and OMewa
MONDAY, BCARCH 1, 115.
SHOULD THE ADOPTION OF
THE COMMISSION FORM REQUIRE 51
PER CENT. OF THE ELECTORATE?
M R, KING, the Republican leader, has said that commission
' . government ought not to be adopted in Bridgeport
! except upon approval by 51 jier cent of all persons entitled to
. At first thought there may seem to be little objection to this
proposition,-especially by those not very familiar, with the
' principles upon which democratic forms of government are ad
ministered. " '
i Such1 a vote, however, is unworkable, and it would tend to
paralyze democratic action. . It is foreign to the actual work
ing principles that prevail in the United States., ,
Its application' to elections, and even to legislatures, would
result in unending difficulties, and would frequently paralyze
government activities, or leave government to. the hands of
those exercising hold over authority.
; . Everybody will remember (the difficulties that confronted
Connecticut when the governor was required to have a majority
i of the1 votes cast.- The state was in frequent turmoil. That re
' quirement gave us the "deadlock" yfear, in which the govern'
meht was virtually an anarchy,. ' ? 1 ;
( The best that could come of such a situation was that the
legislature should elect a governor. , - ; '-;
. This the legislature- did, when it could.- But ho matter what
the legislature did, there stood the plurality of votes for the
? candidate whom the people had chosen. . t .V" : ."
' Such a situatiori'could not but provoke the repeal of this j
i provision. iNowthe governor is elected, as every other officer
' is,-by a plurality of- those voti ng., ' !
Very seldom in its history would Connecticut have chosen
a governor by popular vote, had there been a requirement that
the successful candidate should have a majority of all those
entitled to vote. v: '.5 J ' '.V .-J ', ; , '
As rule no more than 75 per cent of those entitled to vote
do vote. Under a majority requirement the elected candidate
'would have to- obtain two-thirds of the vote actually cast. ' ,
The election of Mayor Wilson would have required at least
! 10,000 votes. He had less than 8,000. ' .'..''-.
Governor Holcomb would not have been elected. ,"'
-The United States would not have elected a president with
i in the last 75 years except by the "will 'of the presidential.-el ec-
- - Up tothis time we 'are speaking of a majority requirement,
f- But Mr. King wants more than this. He wants 51' per cent.
In defense of this extraordinary proposition he claims that
t commission' government represents an extraordinary change,
and .that tnereiore tne city snould pass upon it by an unusual
method. , - ) ,
But commission government for a city is not more impor
tant than the adoption of a constitution, to be the organic, law
of the state. The constitution of 1818 was adopted by a' major
ity of those voting. !-? J v: . 'f -;;;v:,fi ':iv'i;v ''.''- V;i ' ' "''
' More than a million people today are living, very comfort
ably under rules which received their authority from less than
13,000 persons, for the constitution was adopted by the affirmar
tive vote of less than that number of electors.
The Farmer has no interest ; in commission government,
beyond seeing that the people get it if they want it. Whether
or not Bridgeport ought to have a commission is debatable. But
Mr. King's proposal is not debatable. An attempt to make it
effective would swamp any politician that ever lived. '
As a mere theory Mr. King's 51 per cent of the electorate
is merely a curious riew. Embodied in legislation, it would be'
an assault upon a basic principle of American government, that
the people are sovereign, and that the sovereignty of the people
is expressed by their will declared by the ballots of a plurality
of those voting. ' -. ,
If Mr. King believes that Mayor Wilson should get out of
office and stay out until he obtains the vote of 51 per cent of
the whole electorate, and will' get an act to this purpose, he
can get support ,f or his commission government requirement.
There are plenty of voters who believe commission govern
ment would never have been needed if there had never been
any Mayor Wilson. These voters might be willing to" kill two
birds with the same stone. 4 , - v :
NO OCCASION FOR
i"kTjTHING IN the relations of the United States with Eu
, -Ll rope requires at this time any retaliatory measure of
any character.. The war. in Europe subjects; this country to
"much inconvenience, but the war is not conducted for that pur
pose Our difficulties are an unavoidable by-product.' ;.
..Much .of the discussion of our duties in this situation are
plainly, based on medieval conceptions, in which nations went
to war,' as lightly as duelists used to, for almost any sort of
iaffront, real or fancied. r - i . .
The war is the createst of all the aces. Histnrv . t.P.Tla rf
, . W - U - - .
pio thing like it. Nobody knows why it has occurred. It may
ie the result of arbitrary conduct upon the part of a few indi
tyiduals V On the other hand, it may be that the cause is deep
seated in the institutions of men. "Through the progress of
he ages one eternal purpose runs." So wrote the poet, and so
fhumanity has believed. In this view, the war may be as nec
essary to the future of society, as an earthquake may be to the
equilibrium r of the planet.
i Europe fights, not to injure us, but for self preservation,
pur interests, and especially our mere trade interests, are en
tirely .subordinate to Europe's necessity, and ought to be.
I- -, An, embargo retaliation is unnecessary, and only less re
jgrettable than actual war.. Let xis concede to Europe the right
jfco fight its Armageddon according to its own necessity.
Let trade continue, but at its own risk, or at the risk of the
insurer. Under this rule, as vThe Farmer has before shown,
(Europe destroys her own property, for trade carries the hazards
jof the enterprise, and the European purchaser pays for the
goods, ' plus' the risk. . '
( ; An1 embargo would be justified only for some reason in
rvolving our own comfort, or security, as that the exportation
pf food stuffs might be forbidden to prevent war prices here.
The experience of the United States with embargo against
g Co, 1T Fftlrfleld At(, Bridgeport,
its own trade has not been encouraging.
In consequence of the injuries to trade inflicted by England
and France during the Napoleonic wars; congress in 1806 for
bade trade with those nations, and in 1807, at the suggestion of
Jefferson, passed an act prohibiting any America vessel, except
a Coaster, sailing from an American port. In 1813, during our
war with England, another such act was passed. These em
bargoes were extensively evaded, and created universal dissat
isfaction at home.
Let trade move at its own risk. If it cannot move under
those conditions, it cannot move at all.
No principle of national honor calls for retaliation in any
form. To plunge our people into the European war upon some
medieval principle of affront would be a national dishonor, and
an insult to the national intelligence.
The United States looksjwith unspeakable sorrow upon the
anguish of the continent on the other side of the Atlantic. It
offers mediation and healing.. It desires such intercourse as
Europe will permit. - I .s
But the United States does not, cannot and will not regard
the misery of civilization as- something to be added to unless
some of us can make a profit by it.
SIX LOST AT SEA
Norwegian Tank Liner in Fla mes, Crew Escapes in . Open
Boats Only to Disappear in Heavy Seas Steamer Saved
By Huge Waves Breaking Over Bows Navigation In
struments Gone, Captain Finally Slakes Port.
New York, Maxell 1 Six members
of the crew of the Norwegian tank
steamer La Habra, carrying a cargo
of 'benzine, ; were lost at sea. in an
open 1oat they had launched in an
effort to escape from flames which
threatened her, according: to an un
usual shipwreck story .brought to this
port today from Horta, Fayal iby the
Holland-American freighter Zaa.ii
dijk. .... '
The Are aboard the La Habra was
caused toy an explosion of benzine
while she was. on her way from Ta
lara Bay, (Peru, to London .by way of
the Panama, Canal. ' The captain or
dered the crew to take to the boats
and stand -by. The chief officer and
five men. were in a -boat towing astern
when the painter burned off and they
drifted away without oars in a heavy
sea, ho said. ' ; . "
The fire was extinguished by giant
waves which broke over the ship and
the captain took her safely into Hor
ta. Feb. 7 toy dead reckoning for all
his navigation instruments.- were
OCEAN LINER SAFE IN PORT
HERE AFTER PERILOUS TRIP
THROUGH 1INELADEN SEA
New York, March 1. -Unusual pre
cautions for safety were observed by
the American line steamer New York
which sailed from Liverpool, Feb. 20,
and reached this port to-day. As
she steamed out of , the Mersey under
cover of darkness with the German
submarine war zone to pass, she was
convoyed by- four torpedo , boat de
stroyers and lifeboats from her davits
ready for instant use. ,
Two hundred and twenty-one pas
sengers were aboard, B0 of whom
Many Prisoners Taken and
1 Heavy Casualties in Battle
El Paso, March 1. A battle .between
Villa and Oarranza troops at San Ma
teo, Chihuahua, and the capture of
Acambaro, Guanajuato state, . is re
ported in a brief telegram signed by
Francisco Villa received. here last
night by The Associated Press. Th
message dated Guadalajara, follows:
"I take -pleasure in informing you
th at in a battle held yesterday (Sat
urday) at San Mateo the forces belong
ing to the countrymen of General Ur
bina defeated the . Carranzistas who
lost betweea 45 and 50 men. They also
captured seven 'prisoners' and about
200 fugitives gesides 50- rifles and a
"In the state, of Guanajuato the
forces under General Isaac Arroys,, of
the northern division, took the city of
Acambaro, capturing several locomo
tives and a large quantity of war sup
plies." PURIM, FEAST OF THE
LOTS, CELEBRATED BY
PEOPLE OF JEWISH FAITH
"The Lessons, of Purim to Our Mod
ern Generation," was the - subject of
the sermon delivered yesterday by.
Rev. David At. Levy at the- Park ave
nue temple in observance or' Purim,
the Feast of the Lots.
Purim was observed , generality
throughout Bridgeport yesterday by
members of the Jewish faith. The
Book of Esther was read in the syn
agogues. Rabbi William Wlttenstein conduct
ed the services at the Congregation
Let Us Refill Your Fern Dish
JOHN RECK & SON
ADRIFT IN MID-OCEAN
" New . York, March" 1 An unidenti
fied steamship was drifting' last week
with all propeller 'blades shorn oft,
near the middle of the Atlantic, ac
cording tor the log of the American
line- steamer New "York which reach
ed here tdday from Liverpool. '
The New York was spoken by wire
less on last Thursday toy the British
steamer Milwaukee bound from Can
adian ports for Liverpool. The Mil
waukee advised the New York of the
drifting steamer's plight and fixed her
location as Lat. 41, Long. 45.20. The
name of . the steamship was given as
the Tritonian in the 'wireless message
but j maritime records here failed to
disclose any such name. ,
According to the - wireless message
the "Tritonian" requested, a. tow 'and
added that, except for the loss of her
propeller blades all was well, a'board.
; . '
came from, Paris. Several of. the
latter : tirere so . delayed In reaching
Liverpool that Mr. Page, the Ameri
can ambassador to Great Britain,
asked -the steamship officials to hold
the New. York for them. During her
passage through the waters believed
to be. infested with, submarines, pas
sengers and .crew on board the New
York were in readiness to take to the
lifeboats at a moment's notice.
When the war zone was left behind
the torpedo boats, returned. ?
FOUR HOMICIDES, 13
SUICIDES IN STATE
DURING LAST MOUTH
New . Haven, March I. Fifty-three
persons suffered violent; deaths in .the
state during , February,, according to
unofficial records, 36 being, accidental,
13 suicidal and four -homicidea. The
total for January was 55, divided : Ac
cidental 41, .suicidal 13, homicide 1.
In the list of accidental deaths for
February the chief contributing cause
was falling with a total of. 9 victims.
Burning was second with 7 and the
railroad third with five. -
DROWNED III COlltl.
RIVER, BODY FOUND
OFF LONG ISLAND
. . ' " , . -
Chester, Conn., March 1. Word has
been reecived here from Coroner C C.
Miles, of Greenport, L. I., of the find
ing of the body of John Stone, one of
the three men from here supposedly
drowned In the Connecticut rjfver last
October but none of whose bodies had
since been' seen. The corpse found
floating near Greenport was identified
by credit slips in pockets . Stone was
married and had a family living in
Killingworth. - ' .
$10 BILL IS FOUND
Washington, March 1. Chief Flynn,
of the secret cervice, has isued a warn
infg of the existence of a poor coun
terfeit of the new ?10 national bank
note on the Second National bank of
Boston .bearing the portrait of Wil
liam McKinley. It is a photographic
production on which no attempt has
been made to color the seal or numbering.
Farmer Want Ads. One Cent a Word.
Delivers Kansas Gift
to Hungry Belgians
it - "
CHAR.LS r-. SCOTT-
former Congressman Charles" F.
Scott of Kansas has written letters to
bis friends at home telling about the
Joy with which the poor people of Bel
gium have received the shipload of
provisions sent by Ills state. . Kansas
was one of the first states in the Union
to come to the aid of the starving Bel
gians. Carload after carload of flour,
canned ifoods and other provisions
were donated and were ' shipped to
Holland in chrge of Mr. Scott. The
ship arrived safely and the provisions
were properly dispensed. ,
WANT RETURN TO
OLD CAUCUS PLAN
Newtown Citizens and Some
Office Holders Scent Row
V i' Over Election.
(Special to The Farmer)
Newtown, Mar. , 1 With the. bor
ough election two months in the fu
ture, there is considerable' activity
among the incumbents looking . to
wards denomination. Worry is ap
parent on the faces of many of the
hard-worked officials, whose chief
efforts seem to be directed against
any movement for partisan caucuses.
Since the borough resumed its cor
porate1 powers a few years ago,, only
a citizen or non-partisan 'eaucus- has
been in vogue,, but the talk is run
ning, strong in another direction this
year and -both influential democrat
and Republican boroughites are agi
tating for caucuses of both parties to
name candiates to be voted , for . in
the election' next May.-
""; These party men claim the citizen's
caucus is an anarchonism, and is
mainly responsible for the oligarchy
alleged to be running things. How
to go about it, is what puzzles them,
as no member of the town committee-of
either of the older political par
ties, resides in the borough and the
dissatisfied citizens are at a loss how
to call caucuses. The . beneficiaries
of the present plan are bending every
effort to forestall action in this di
rection by the town committees of
the old parties, and thus squelch the
insurrection at the start. , . v
Whether the Newtown ' Borough
Charter provides a way to register
party wants in this case nobody
seems to know, as the Borough clerk,
Charles F. Beardsley is away for the
winter, and the authorized printing
of the municipal laws and their dis
tribution to taxpayers, ordered by the
annual meeting of last May, has not
been done, and nobody knows when
it. will be done. The non-compliance
of ' the official borough board ' with
this instruction is looked upon by the
dissatisfied taxpayers - as a dodge,
and the absence of 'the borough clerk
at this time a part, of part of the
game to side track the opposition.
Some of the latter are grewim? bitter-
in .their denunciation of the tac
tics of the standpatters, and have ap
proached the chairman of the Pro
gressive town committee who resides
within the borough limits with a
view, to call a caucus of the Progres
sives if action by the other town
committees is forestalled.
The Giant recruits at the training
camp, Marlin, Tex., rendered valua
ble aid to firm en of the city in fight
ing, a fire which did. $35,000 dam
age. , v . , . r
And you will be able to save
money on your Tire and Tubes.
UNDER THE USUAL GUAR-
ANTEE 3,500 ; MILES . ' 1
3 Non Skid
3 Non Skid
. . .
30 x Sy2 Non Skid ...
32 x 312 Non Skid . . .
33 x 4 Non Skid . ... . .
34 x 4 Non Skid .
36 x 4 Non Skid
36 ..'iy2 Non Skid . ...
37 x 5 Non Skid
GREY TUBES GUARANTEED
30 x 3 Grey Tubes . . .
30 x Sy2 Grey Tubes .
32 x 3V2 Grey Tubes .
33 x 4 Grey Tubes . .
34 x 4 Grey Tubes .
36 x 4 Grey Tubes .
36 x 4y2 Grey Tubes .
37 x 5 Grey Tubes .
1126 MAI?? STHFr'
Dainty Apparel for
the Newest Arrivals
The Section . for Infants' Wear directs attention to
the very large assortment of Slips and Frocks for the lit
tlest folk. These garments are of fine nainsook and ex
quisitely hand made. ,; '-
Prices begin at $1.00 - -
It is surprising to see how very well made is a little
dress for $1.00. There are a few little hand-run tucks, a
sprinkling of tiny French knots, and some rows of feather
stitching. Neck and sleeve bands are finished with the
narowest of Valenciennes edging.
From $1.00 and $1.25 to $5.50
According to fineness of material and amount ot
Short White Dresses, for ages 6 months and to one
and, two years, have the little yokes smocked with white,
pale blue or pale pink. Smocking is a form of needle
craft, that is centuries old, and seldom does its effective
simplicity fail to please. These dresses are from $3.50 up.
' .: ' " v - ' r Second Floor.
Some Novelties in Jewelry. 3 :
The ever convenient little brooch known as the
"Friendship Circle" arrives in more attractive styles than
ever, ready to be used' with
Circles with gold tops
Circles in blue, white, or; black enamel,
Circles in white and black cb mbined, -Circle
Sets, two pins. ' J . f; ' -'
' three pins '" S - - "
Circles of brilliants ' with black enamel,
Any of these could be used as slipper buckles.
; f:-. Fof; the - Hair.;--- 7r;'r7r'::
The "Sans Gene" Casque Comb,' effecteErench'
twist, $200 .i ' . .-Kr-.-.r-.:. -:
j A Comb known as. "The Eternal Question", of hand
some demi-blonde shell, which appears when placed in the
hair, like an interrogation mark of mysterious fashion,
50 ets. . . ' . , . ' f ;
. The "Castle Band" which is the little filet band worn
by .Mrs. Vernon Castle, havmg 4 cdlored jewels, sap
phires topaz, moonstones, etc., arranged to fall on the
forehead, and a pendant baroche, pearl ( with them, :2ZQ.
vv-"., . . At the Jewelry Section
Do you wish to send a Birthday Handkerchief? Put
it in a , Folder of quaint design that carries a word of
greeting and a breath of sweet smelling ; sachet, 20 ets each.
' ' ... HandkercMef Section
. The Art Section is complete with new jnacterials of all
desired kinds! The pattern books of Miss Alden are avail
able .for those who wish' exclusive, designs oa garxneirfs of
any kind or housekeeping linens. . - ' .
-v:."-.V ; ""' - Main Floor .
fBeniemberto see the display of
Spring ' Dress Cottons, Flowered
and Embroidered Voiles, Poplins,
Organdies and Lawns. ,
. - v '' " Basement ';.
The EX M. Read
FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE 4 BROAD ST.
f!f nPP'PATTVT' CAB FAKE 1K OtrR'CrrSTOMERS
lJU-UrilWili. V Ji lmoFrr SHAIUXG WITH OCR EMFLOTI3S
BEST VALUE IN COTTON BATTING ;
Large rolls veiy white cotton. - Similar tor Irfnd
sold at 25c ; T ''ir-'- ''V'--
7 ROLLS.FOR $iba r"
610 FAIRFIELD -AVENUE
Furniture Dealer, Upholsterer and Cabinet Maker, uper
ior Fabrics for FumkuK Axukyyvan&rA TsJ-1
spring waists and gowns! .
j ' - ', ; 59 ets v
' 50 ets
50 ets and $1,00
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