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:n. truu BULL All the vast resources of the great Adams Express Co.,. are being used to-day in the effort to find Isiao B. Trumbull. Emissaries, sent from 'the Knglish offices under instructions from this country are watching the south era coast of lCngland. London, South-" ampton and Queenstown . officials' are searching for' the Bridgeport man, in the effort, to give relatives on this elds- sOTtie 'heM ' J ' ' t ' ''' S . ' ' The automobile asents of the Amer ican -Cyclecar Co., in England are Joining in. the search. ' ' , . . : The Express Co. -handles' : all. the shipments of the factory. -of, the.Trum lull concern and it has volunteered to call to the aid 'of the missmtr man's -lis.i-i.iiy, all the- groat system in south ern England. . . .' . Ac a late hou? this afternoon noth ing had been . hea rd from Mr. :Tmm bi.il. His family , h is' conirr unicat ed With the Ouhard line officials ana have been assured,, an attempt will be made to Ket them, correct information as soon, a; possible.' ; BRIDGEPORTERS HOPING FOR ' SAFETY OF F1ISSING ONES Riehara D:' Olney,' ;of I$oston,.- for-1 irier Secretary-- of State." was - na,med bv Secretary Bryan .'as. the American. -iMrhpr of the commission under the ppao;'tre'aty- with'Srancel'; '' . V1;;. "' - .' -v- ' ' . --- ' rrjLMIXGfe-In this city,. Way 8. 1915, J oil n 5 p., son of .Jeremiah and', the late . Mary Cummin gs. r ': Frindsiare invited to et-end the 'funeral : from,-: the resideiico of , his father. No. 508 South avenue, on ' Monday,.-Ma,y. 1V, at 9: SO a. m. and v.m St "Charles' church, at 10 a.m. "ferment at St. '-Michael'sr wms ' 1 tcryj ,. ' ' - V ' : . '. t -.IJT' In thi citkIlay 6, 115. , : ztocth A. Snetney. . Friends' ate invited to attc.id the funeral at the residence' ct her sls (r ::u. M. Mtflobkey, Ni. .00 -rgory street on. Monday, ilriy'.ie, t s :30 .a. m.,-. and froir. . Sacred Heart church at 9 a. m., -with, sol 'r;n l.igh nt n Intentnt fet. "'ichaets cere i:er: - 3- 7 b AiHJXIS Our ppecalty is a fast sel ler; sure repeater. Send 'at ..once for " proposition.' : J--' 'Wil'liiums, ; 424 W. 2 7th St., New York City. . ' . . ' .-. ap .-. . (Continued from Page 1.) . . oasecof attack by hostile ships. : ; - Mrs. MacFarquhar said she wasn't afraid- not even when it was report ed' that the Lusitania. had received warning that the ship would oe sunk. She' said "when lt.neared the war sons she wouldn't fro to' -"ed. -but she would remain awake to be. prepareo. in case of accident. , , i That, " her friends believes: is what she did and' wfiat caused her life to be saved. She was awake when the ship was torpedoed and she was ready to disembark with her daughter; y Mrs. MacFarquhar is the mother of Colyn MacFarquhar, a tool maker at the plant of the Bemington-U. M. C. Co. .7 Her daughter-in-law cabled last night to Europe and this morning, Miss Elsie MacFarquhar, who is em ployed, by F. Lyman,, optician, receiv ed a cable from QueAistown in which the two words: "Both Safe" appeared. DEATHS yT 0 'pi! 0.(B LEAVES ; FOR HIS HOSPITAL HERE TO FIGHT COUNTRY: REPORTED DEAD '--."John, Thurston of Norfolk, England;- hasn't , been Iward - from. : Re markable sacrifice for the sake.of his country ha probably cost him his life. '--Ill with pulmonary trouble that pre vented his acceptance In the English army; , Thurston : took: a trip to this country last winter for'his, health,- In tending to go' baojc if he recovered. , ; . He arrrived here January 8, but In- steady of getting better he becaine sud denly and violently ill after " getting a job; on : a farm- in the neighborhood AG EXTS Don't , miss this t hance . to , handle our high grade specialty; easy to sell; blgr profits. ' Write, Florence Hole's Co., '48 ?'onb- St, JJanbury, Conn. . " . : ? . ap bTRpXG YOUNG MAN", Irish, wish es situation at anythiDK r Just Arrived- from New York. . Call or write G. St., 711 Eadt Han St. - 1 t R. S d ' S30 weekly, -evening at hour ta Every thing furnished. No t eipenenqe. No canvassing. Don't worry about capital. Boyd H. Brown,'1 Dept A, 13,- Omaha, . Neb. ' . ' t ap V, .VN'IF.O -Travelpr-'a&e- it to Bft ; dixpenerice '-unnecessary.; --Salary, , -commission: and expense allowance to right mat." J. E. McBrady, Chi .. capo.- '. - - . -.- . ..-: .-. .: - ., ap J v"l:IJ-JGEJf., FOISOX taay earn $8 to $20 weekly during upare time Ht home, writing for- newspapers. Semt for 7partieularB. Prssa Syndi- . :ata, 134, Washington, IJ. C. '' , -T : 1 ." " . ,- ' ap TO IVEST Building suitable for fac ' lorv or- store purposes v at t 286 Stratford avenue. For iartlculars, inquire S. Juoewith & Co;j .- R S tf c TO REST-rNew store'and five room tenement, corner "Wood. Avenue and Hummer St. Apply sCf S5? Wood . avenue.-.'. ':. R8 tf of Trumbilll. He -.as taken . to the Bridgeport hospital. Treatment, at that institution Re stored his health and he was; discharg ed from there feeling better1 than- he had m many years, Instead of rest ing, he rushed to the steamslilp bfflce of; S. Loewith & Co., nd there he procured paseaga to: - England. ' Ho sailed tve days after he left the. hos pital. ,. . '.'.'' - A . Thurston wanted ' to fight for his country. He is only a youth. He Is not recorded in the Hst of survivors. if nt mm Hi OS FEAR THAT Lll!3. ANDERSOt! HER BABY L1AY HAVE BEEN LOST. - If ,ri V :: - r '' ' The. relatives and friends of Mrs. Roule, Anderson . of .124 "Wheeler ave nue,- are .distracted today. Aitnougn a re'port 'has . been received , that she and :hsr 1 two-year-old "daughter, Bar bara, .ar saved, there 'has been jao conflrttiation of the report. , - Mrs. Anderson, the wife of - Roule AnderBon,' an employ of the , Singer Sewing . Machine Co.j, was on her way.) to ' visit her .mother . and father . in Darlington, England, v Both Mr, . and Mrs Anderson came "to this? country from -'England four-years ago-; since which time they were married, and a child was born to them... : ' ,V Mrs. Anderson "hasn't , seen her pa rents since she left Europe and be cause of the fact that her " health just now isn't very ' promising;' she thought a, trip, to 'the .land of her birth, a renewal of the old scenes and especially a Visit with : her . p& rents would help her .recuperate. . . Nothing has . been. heard from James Harrison,., a machinist, work ing for the .Crane -Valve .Co. It is feared he, ia ' lost. ;:.'.'- ' Harrison has- "been - living at the T. M? C- A. rooms in .this city, with his nephew, John, an employe of the Locomoblle Co. ill has a daughter in England,, whom he Visits every two years and hevwas on his .way . to- Bee her when he' took the Lusitania. ROOKS, GIIAKl SALESMAN, NOTIFIES HIS FAMILY HERE THAT HE IS SAFE t Continued from Page 1) PLACE DEATH LIST AT 1,216 London, May 8 2:15 P. M.- The Press Bureau is informed by the Admiralty today that no more reports regarding the Lusi tania have been received and that the number of survivors al ready gjyen may be regarded as approximately correct- Inquiries are being made along the coast but there is little hope of news of survivors. - , . The best available information sets forth that the Lusitania had on board 1,251 passengers and a crew of 818. This gives a total of 2,067- souls oa board the liner when she was torpedoed The known survivors being 857, the-list of dead would cons- quently .reach the total of 1216. . Bridgeport, Conn. Saturday, May 8, 1915. Strong restful couch-hammocks - V . SURVIVORS OPLY PARTLY CLAD Dublin, May 8 Many of; the ' Lusitania's survivors who landed at Queenstown were only , partly clad, having thrown aside as" much clothing as possible when-they donned life belts. Many of the, men, women .and children helped ashore by local blue jackets still wore, their belts. One woman more than iO years old was taken from the water, after having been, kept afloat for some tirue by the life belt she wore. . ' ' "I was talking with Mr. Winters, of the-Cunard line, when the ship was hit' said Charges G. Hardwick, of New York, who has crossed' the Atlantic sixty-one times. - "Winters got into boat No. 1 17, which "overturned and then swam to. boat No. 19, Most of the' saloon passengers were at luncheon and the .pro portion saved was small." . ' . ' i - i ' - r -4 . . - ' ' ASSIST SEARCH FOR SURVIVORS London, May 8 Henry M. Pindell, of Peoria, 111.; T. P.. O'Connor, and Alfred Booth, chairman of the-Cunard line, are helping in the work of locating and caring, for survivors. , - ' ', , , " AMERICAN VICE CONSUL MISSING J V London,' May 8 12 :57 Pi M.r E. Kilbourne Foote, American vice-consul at Shemnitz,-is missing, according to anlinnounce- ment made here today by the Central News. . This organization says Mr; Foot e left his post a month ago' for Anaericsu Nothing lias be,en neara irom nim since. - ;v SIMON LAKE,'BUItBER -'OF--.'SUBMARINES, ; TELLS .HOW i . THEY TAKE ;f HEIR.-PREY - f'Maie in Bridgeport", trucks, which j Mrs. Brooks at Jier home on Seeley are playing a large part In the British military operations," w4U have '"Made la - Bridgeport'.' eQnipment : to . help them . ve? the rough- - roads in the war aone. James rl. iJrooK.s,i mana ger', of thfe .tire grip department of. the . Weed Chain & Tire Grip ' Co. of Connecticut avenue this city, ' is safe near. Queenstown. -s .. - Brooks went to England to- equip the Locomobile and other trucks witH Weed chains.?; His company, learned of th .opportunity to jaret largo, orders for: the Bridgeport product because of the soggy condition of the roads there, and Brooks went there assured Jhaf he would be successful. .- ,. : '. , street to-day received., a cable from her husband In which he reported that he isj safe.- William. M.,- Wneeler, secretary 'of the Weed Co., had been cabling1 -all night long and this morning received ( the- news that his employe is alive. ' - , Mrs. Brooks , was " happy this morn ing. "He went over th'ere to i ut chains on the trucks that are being used in the war," she declared to a Farmer reporter. ' "I received- - word r , at - 9 o'clock that he is safe." ' . ' -. Brooks has four children dependent upon him' and his good fortune is pleasurable tOv his friends. ' He had never been to England before. , :' CHILDREN 01! SHIP, MOTHER OF L1SSS SEGC0L1BE IS NEAR DEATH .V 'BABYiTO EE GIVEN A WAY! 6 months old boy father killed n "Austrian army,- want to piace wisn repitalile well to do ia roily. A5 dress Isussenburn, 1778 Main St, ! , . a TO It KXX 1. : room apartment, all . imi.Tovement!,, 91 5 .North avenue, t near Mam St., : $20. Appiy ' F". H. tiassett, 913 orth avenue, f'h'ofte D31J-1? , . K 8 -b" SHXTATIO WANTED by youhg man, . 28 years old, has had experience in factory clerical work, would accept any position. - ; Adrdess R.- D. - S.1, - tins office. . . R 8 d , , . , J .A1I IS $25 weekly' easy,- simple work, , no canvassing: , Evenings at home, fascinating,- everything fur nishedj no experience. .Don't wor .. ry. about .capital. Boyd 0.-Bro,wn, Dept. is. -46. ''Omaha, Neb. , : ' ap FREE TO AJfY WOMAIt Beautiful .42 pee. -Gold dec. Dinner set for dis- tributing fe dOKen cakes Complexion soap free with other products - among friends; . no money- - needed. Tyrrell. Ward, 21S-C. Institutes Chi cago, f . - ap Deathly ill from the shock she re ceived when the news of the. destruc tion of-the TjUflitania reached Ihere, the agedj, -mother" of1 Miss Sara Seccombe, a- nurse or tnis cxty uvmg ai . xno Ar den -apartments on Warren etreet, is Unl a dangerous condition at , her home in New Hampshire and Miss Seccombe left Bridgeport at 3:30 o'clock this morning to go- to her bedeide. . . Mrs. Secombe had a aon, Percy, and another daughter, Elizabeth, on the ehip., Thej; are residtentij of Boston ana were on a pleasure trip to the oth. er side. . . - . ., . . ' , : ' - , . : lviiss secoomDe..." received;' no newa from her brother and sister last .night uuu . just 'Derore . mianignt ehe trot b. message to come to her mother,-at -Pe- terborb, N. H. . As .far- as known, she' has not yet been given any reason ta believe :her relatives, are safe. TO i KENT Upper 6 room flat ' With ,. electricity. , .. Bnquira:-- 1172 . Park Ave. Phone 2S31J ' , R 7 d BARTENDER, Irish; 2 years, wish es position, six monthts city experi ence, good city references. , Irish, 711 East Main St; ' t -R- 6 d! PLAYER PIANO $lfc0.; uaed pianos, Mansfield, Bayer Ciupln, $60 up. . S. E. Lee Piapo Co., 84 Cannon -' St. : .- : . . II 7 bj - MATHUSHEX ANGELUS player piano. bench, rolls, at sacrifice, can., be seen anytime.; Box M. A. Care of Farmer. ... V R 7-bp: - FOR RENT New high class single residence, hail, eight rooms,, bath. Wood avenue,, next North Ave. Jo- ' . seph W. Northrop, 2050 North Ave.; : Court Exchange Bldg. i . -,.. v. .., .. , . . R 6 s KOR SATFn-rHigh grade upright piano, Al condition. Low- prio'e. .Several pieces of furniture. Cook 'j stove, with hot water back. --Good baker. Side board, steel bedT springs and mattress. Call 6 to 9. 7& Sum mer. .St. . '.,,,; R 7 dp - WANTED Position 'ty Hungarian . man. Willing to take any kind of work. Farm work desired.- AiTply. . S. Bodnar, 394. Bostwiek Ave. , ' R 8 dp - LOSS OF TITAfliG OHLY PARALLEL TO LUSITAiIlA . The " loss of - the steamers Titanic, sunk by; aij , icebergv in The North At lantic, 1910,' in which 1,395. passengers were" lost and. the Lusitania upon which' about 1,800 souls are reported to have perished will probably, go down into history as. two- of the greatest marine" disaster ever" recorded.. . Other disasters of recent years are: General Slocum, burned, .East River, 1904; 1,000 lost. " . s ' 1 ''-, i . " .Norge, . foundered at sea, 1904; '750 lost.- -- .. . " - ' : . .',' 1 Ting 'King, sunk off Hong Kong-, 1908; SOO' lost. . ,. - - .-. Republic, rammed by" Florida and sunk off Nantufcket, 1909; six-lost. -' 4ardina, burned at sea, .1909; 100 lost. " Aurora, sunk by icebergs in North Atlantic, 1910; 1ST lost. . - v' . Ross,' sunk in Black . Sea, 1912;. 172 lost.' i - Texas, foundered in Gulf of Smyrna, 1912; 140 losti J' , r -; ;'..' Kickemaru, eunk off Japanese coast, 1912;;liMM lost. ,..-. Calvados. : lost in . Sea of Marmora, 1913; 200 lost. State of Q-alifornia, wrecked off Alas kan coarst. 1913; 32 lost. . .- ' Volturno,-burned in mid-ocean; . 191R; 135 lost.-.- '.. '":.; - -. Bridgeport; Montreal to Sydney, be lieved lost with all on board in gale, 1913. . ' - ' - Rosa, sunk in Black Sea, 1912; 172 Sandy Hook, Jan, 4, 1914; 28 lost. . i Acila, Corral to Hamburg, lost in Straits of Magellan, Jan. 5, 1914; all on board lost. S i ! ' Monroe,, sunk in collision off Vir ginia, Jan. 30, 1914; 40 lost. ilLL CHARGED 17ITH MURDER, GETS FREEDOM Joseph A. Hill, chaf-ged - with the murder of George W. Higgins of this city,, was acquitted . this morning on the charge or murder.' ' - 1 ' Hill was, given' a hearing before Judge Robert S. Alexander in the Dan bury police court -and he re-enacted there, , his demonstration to Coroner j . j . rneian ana repeated- Jiis - test! mony. ' He was , discharged .before noon. :.; -1 -,;- ' : i' ,s :' , Coroner Phelan had -found that -Hi n killed Higgins,; in: defending himself against 'attack. ,' ... '.'.'..'. : ' - The defendant was taken to Redding where he Is weU known, and all along the, route, his townspeople Btonnp.d thn automobile' in which h,e was riding and shook his hojid. 'They, hadn-'t been prepared, for acquittal and were surprised. - Some, expecting him to bound over, had raised enough mon ey to obtain his releasej ..on bail. ,' Abduction Suspect Is Given Freedom . The Ell gin Motor Car . Corporation was incorporated at-Dover, Del., with T. capital stock of 1,000,000. I, armer Want Ads-. One Cent a Word. Little headway has been made by me police in ascertaining the where abouts of 1 4-yeari-pld. Marie Petrino, daughter of Pasquale Petrino, . who disappeared fromher "home 242 Lex ington avenue last Sunday, and is now Deiieved to be,:in. the hands of per sons 'who are , keeping her - where abouts a mystery. ; - , , -Owing, to lack of , evidence t con viet nim with . her abduction, . Louis aeracino, of New Tork, arrested upon ia eompiaint of the , girl's parents both in New York" and this citv was discharged from .custody in . the city court io-Qay. it 4s rumored that h will bring suit f or false arrest. Advertise in The Farmer Noted , Inventor Graphically Pictures Scenes on Board Underwater Craft, As Fatal- Torpedoes Are -Launched. , , , . The'damage done by a torpedo, flredi from a. submarine the great distance at which these .can now be aimed dir ectly at an 1 object, ;and. the,, little chancer of resistance ty a - great .Ship like the Lusitania is graphically ex pressed te the Evening Farmer, today by-Simon Lake, inventor or tne atyie of submarine which lias recently taken a prominent part in naval -warfare, and which.- are probably responsible for Jthe .sinking of the Lusitania, yes terday; i . , That a torpedo fired toy a. Japanese ruiser at the Russian battleship Ret- zivan, tore, a gaping hole nearly forty feet square in tier , armored side, was the statement made by an onioer wno survived the terrible i. experience; to Capt. La ke when he wa in the Orient. With two such holes in her side, prob ably several : feet : distant and coming almost simultaneously, the passengers of the Lusitania were in a trap The scenes of death and destruction must have been appalling. , . That the passengers . on - hoard the Lusitania, may never have seen the little monster o thedeep until they were loundering. in the water with no "possible aid. from- the submarine that viewed the struggling bodies with compassion through- three inch glass eyes and their mirrorsaope - tubes : isl more than probable from .tne accounts of" submarine ' . warfare. ' ' detailed,. . at length, today by the well known un- der-water-oraft authority. . Simon : Lake , declared i "today that with the periscope; of a submarine sub merged a distance of 6 inches beneath the calm surface of . sea-water,1 unless followed constantly with the eye, at a distance of 50 feet away, it will not be observed.;. Onoe lost never-found. is, his own personal experience. He further declared that- there could have . been no, resistance" from eubmanne attack,, even though the Lusitania had : carried , heavy arma ment, because ' with, her periscope three feet under water1 she could not have" been .seen fifty f eet -fdistant- from the' big- ship' side,-, and the chances were she was one thousand yards dis tant.-; No . shot from the; vessel could have' rocated her,, though -.- aimed- by trained officers. j. .. -... .. , , The scenes, on both; the -vesssel and little submarine may" be pictured from idescriptions ' of i submarine., torpedo "warfare- as. follows; The great ship itnowmg tlie lurking danger, is trav eling at her best speed limit, ; chang ing" the course from time to time in a jiig-ssag manner. , Waiting .. beneath the surface - oi me caim, sea p. - nig submarine, now said to be capable of discharging a -torpedo at. a dis tance of five miles, rolls idly in the underground swell. Her , crew are sleeping or talking in the semi-fetid atmosphere that -the -compressed air tanks relieve from tiirie to time. An officer sits with his eye glued to a periscope,, which ' constantly, revolves that he may: discern the rising smoke of an approaching .vessel, '. . On the deck "of the Lusitania passengerp are idly; lolling in steamer chairs, or lean Ing over tho rails. They covertly Sea? attack, yet the horizon shows no sign of .the impending calamity. '..'-Suddenly the submarine command er . focuses, his - periscope upon a faint and haay line' on the horizon. Closely he watcheTS it move until assured of its fact and. the' direc"tion. An elec trie signaU and - the submarine ere is in place. -', Another,, and the .boat swings - silently ;" 'and ', slowly on' its course ' diagonal to that of the ap proaching vessel. . The electric en gines turn, without noise, for the big ship's submarine detectors to locate The vessels near each other. An Or der., is .transmitted from' the conning tower to the forward compartment of the submarine..- . The outside Dorts of two- - bow- torpedo tubes -are closed, compressed air drives, out all f-fQWLANP'S Entrances' In Main Street, Fairfield Avenue, and Cannon Street. The Weather Generally fair to night and Sunday; cooler Sunday nlg-ttt $5. Roomy and comfortable hammocks of' couch style and of unusual good looks, $5. : . . . ,. That price doesn't give any idea of their, goodness. They , are best ever the store .has had at such price. ItH take a long long search to find their equal. Frame is built with steel bottom and galvanized web bing supported by strong fiexibleVprings. The firm can vas ends have magazine pockets and steel stretchers across the top to insure level hanging. Mattress is filled with wool fiber and, covered with denim. " . ' 28 by 72 inches, $5. Finer couch-hammocks with head-rest adjustable tov three reclining positions, vith canvas-covered, mattrcc": , filled with tufted cotton, $7.50 to $12.50... ' - ' Woven hammocks, of regulation" sorty tapestry weave, i extra size, have valance and adjustablehead-rest,-$3 to $5. ; . Strong khaki hammocks of regulation swinging style, have stretcher notably stout, $1.50. . Gk6d eanvas:wave. hammocks in good colors,- $1 tc $2.50.. ' " " , ' . s --'' V-!--v- ? '"' i ; :Third floor.- ". . -'' . , - . . . i- - 'If ' ".---.' -' !'; - V '" ' "; '' --"'" ' '; : - '" ' - ' '" 'i- :! :'-: .-, , ' :-,'":' ' : , - i . ' : . " , Bamboo blinds for veranda. ' Simply and stoutly made from the natural bamboo. .-'-"' .With the tough durable shiny outside bark exposed tc? the weather. v 1 - ' - -. ' (; 4 by 8t-60c 5 by 8 itH 75c -6 by ,8 ft $1 . 8 by 8 ft $1.25 - , : 01 ' . ' -10 by 8 ft $1.50 . ' . ; :-''. -:: ', ". Third floor.- v ''' ' ' w4ter. t. Two insia-,porfcs- ae careful ly opened, and two one ton torpedoes are lifted by means of chain, tackle and swung carefully into 'the tubes. The -Inside porta are closed .much the same as one of. the big breach load ing coast defense guns, and the out side poTts are again opened. . The air chamber between the torpedo and. the breaches Is filled with air compressed to nearly 1.300 pounds to the square Inch nearly the force of exploding dynamite. :-. -. :-. ' ., Both vessels are closing together at right - angles. On the otgger one all la gayety , and . unsuspecting hope ' of early and safe arrival at port. -. On the submarine all are alert. Tho bow is carefully trained towards la direct line over ; which, the snip must travel. The time of speed and the distance is carefully: gauged by trained, officers. The submarine sinks beneath: the sur face and men are stationed- at the fir ing levers on each of the forward tunes. An officer stands with a watch in his hand counting the seconds. little bell tinkles over the lever man on the part or starboard side of the submarine. ; - He pulls the lever which releases the trigger and with a rush the enormous torpedo forces itself in a direct line toward the vessel. Anoth er second elapses and the oell rirsta again.; Similar, action is observed on the submaxine; which. " moment la. ter rises with its periacope; abbve the slight ripple of the water. ,- , ': ' -. There Is a deadening crash, as the shock is transmitted through, tne wa ter and -the resounding .shell -of .the air-filled "submarine. .The officer at the submarine's periscope, or. coning tower, is the only living person on the submarine that sees a great vessel rise "out of the water and slowly settle back. ' He knows that the ehots have taken effect and he can offer no aid to the thousands who a moment later will 'be attempting to: save their lives. Hettrrns -tiis bow homeward... or cruis es for other yictirns of. his mechanical Ingenuity. As his sealed, sailing orders may direct.. -.''- '.,.'" -'..;-;'".: i '. :v ''" . Such . Is -the ' picture, presented, by statements of submarine action .by Sl mon Lako today. -' " ' ' ;'' -' : , The course of the torpeao. rrom -tne time it is released in the tube by the lever trip is , interesting. ., These - tor pedoes,, made at a cost of $5,000 each, much, of whioh is spent ,in testing ,is interesting. With their high charge of explosive, placed well forward and a iittle- plunger on- the nose, : conneotin with- a, percussion -'cap, ; the Interior presents the same view as that of a. large eteamanip. The oSioer is alit- tle gyrospoce, impelled by compressed air. This' to turn may be set from the outside to travel straight foisward, or on a curve, and, by timing device, ' to change its course after: a certain die tance, TJusally "it isset i to. travel straigh-t beneath the "- wate' at -a. -dejath of -about -1 6 feet. to insure accuracy the torpedo, without explosive Charge must be. fired many times from a fixed torpedo tube. It Is finally inspected and passed. 'As, it leaves the torpedo tube on- its last Journey, the trip re leases , the compressed air which turn its turbine engine. That in turn re volves the. propeller. The rudder. speed and. depth or passage . is ac tuated by. the gyroscope. A 1 torpedo has been fired accurately at a distance of five miles. The most accuracy and usual distance is between 50 yards and 1,000. Owing to . the concussion on - the ear-drums of those in a submarine the greates distance compatible .with ac curacy is sought.- As the plunger on the torpedo strikes the vessel it explodes tne charge al most directly agains the side . of the vessel. The effect Is almost instanta neous. Unless the. su bmarine is turned for a special season after firing the first shot, both will be discharged al most instantaneously so that the holes will be fore and aft in the target ves eel. ' j flOWLAND DRY GOODS G EE IGH EXPLOSIV DISCUSSES TORPEBOES I ': READERS OF XJ i... T0 1 JaL Thomas E. Carroll, Inventor of Deep Sea Type-of Tcrj : lo, ' -Tells of Possible Effect on Ammunition in Car3 cf Vessel Under Fire. ' i Thomas K.. Carroll, 1040 State street for, forty years an expert In high ex plosives, inveritor ; of deep sea torpe does, which ' are used -by various na tions'" and art authority ; whose -Judgment is taken , on matters pertaining to use -of " dynamite, , fulminate and gun-cotton In -warfare expressed bia views "upon the 'destruction.- of tho Lusitania to-day to a reporter of The Farmer, in - substance, as follows: '" "From accounts ; VI -". have , read, v I should Judge that the ship -was vtor-f pedoed probably twice in rapid suc cesion. - The projectiles . ' exploded probably beneath the waterline o the vessel - where i the explosive force is greater and the 'resistance of 'the steel nlatee less .than above, the' waterline. The blow were such as to strike prob ably some -distance apart . and tear away' the sides of ,the . vesel in each instance over, an .area. of approximate-: ly 16 or. 20 feet. The : exact force f the .torpedo blow cannot' be . ascer tained' Decause ' an governmcxiua , uoc different, formulas, for- their explosive mixtures and . the depth beneath the surface of . the sea is "a . greatxfac,tor in the force of the explosion. ' , "Though thet external force, gor the explosion would, be sufficient to dis charge as one body ,all the projectiles and small x .ammunition-, that might have been contained in me raagsuuiiEo of the -vessel,' providing that, steve dore had not properly cushioned the individual cases containing projectiles. I am of, the belief that such would not be the case, .as those 'employed-in stowing such cargoes would be men thoroughly familiar with- the storage of high.1 explosives and ,not likely to forget the .cushioning requirea. tsnouia such an oversight, have been counten anced by officers of the ship, those re sponsible would - be criminally begUf Erent. . ' ' " ' ." v-. 41 VI am of the belief that snouia.it be found that a' violent internal ex, plosion followed the striking of one or more torpedoes on the outside of the vessel's 1 Bhell, the battery of boilers will be found -Jo have exploded as a unit blowing up the inside of the ves sel. .This effect could be obtained al so by the inrush of water , througlx torpedo holes in the boiler rooms. "In explaining the matter of "cush ions" Carroll called attention to tha manner in which projectiles and dyna mite are ; packed, by manufacturers. Each lot of these is placed in a box -arm carefully surrounded with Kaw- dust, -- in the case of -email ammunl-; tton. a , thick coating of lead' ia first sealed about the cartons and the whole Placed in a wooden box. siting the manner-of explosions, tha expert gave illustrations of the roan- ner- that ,s "con taat" .causes p.vt-'-,.. Illustrating the center flra "cartri3g he said that unless struck forcibly on tne .luinunate cap ther was littis chance of exploding it by dropping. Similarly a.$piece of dynamite place J in a bucket of water and su biected to' the dropping..' of a weight would b cushioned" against the blow. rti. Pas withoyt the water, the percussion wouiu De.sumcieait to explode. Exper iments nave - shown that a sfirl boilers, one connecting with tfi other lr Dattery" form would explode as a unit .when one. blew up. Likewise a piece of dynamite placed between two steel plates and. struck with a. hammer will, explode, -though when surround-.; 3 by la cushion of sawdust the same blow, seldom has effect. From these premises and the fact that' a torpedo; nearly always strikes below the water line, the explosive force of any substance under water being upwards, and the ignition being Sudden and violent, Mr. Carroll is of the belief that the shock would have been sufficient td explode the boilers or the- magazines providing' each pack age: received on board had, not been properly placed with a surrounding coating of sawdust or other cushion r. im material. "', - - -i OBITUARY nrtAN'crcs fkexch. The funeral of ( Frances French was held from her late home in Stepney at 2:30 this afternoon.' Rev..' F. ' 3. Poten officiated. - Many friends were in attendance. Burial was in Step ney; cemetery. .'- .;,'.- , ,.' ,' - ;; At the annual meeting of the "Union Station Co., ir Chicago, retiring offi cers and directors were re-elected. T LTPORD BROTHERS;,: B TRY SPRING CUSTOM StTITS BTJS" Y Kast Side and West ?nd . , X . WTTHHOIiB ItlrStXrT OF COURT HOUSE BIDS Bids for the addition to the county court house were opened this after noon in the offices of . Architects Briggs & Caldwell in the Security building.,,. The county commissioners, as well as several members of the building committee, were- present. .Justice George W. -Wheeler, on be half of ; the committee, stated that there was considerable work to be done by the committee before the names . of ; the succeful biIler could be announced. It is un-'.or- "yri that a largis" number bf bias were re ceived. . ; .