Newspaper Page Text
All the vast resources of the great
Adams Express Co.,. are being used
to-day in the effort to find Isiao B.
Trumbull. Emissaries, sent from 'the
Knglish offices under instructions from
this country are watching the south
era coast of lCngland. London, South-"
ampton and Queenstown . officials' are
searching for' the Bridgeport man, in
the effort, to give relatives on this
elds- sOTtie 'heM ' J ' ' t ' ''' S . ' '
The automobile asents of the Amer
ican -Cyclecar Co., in England are
Joining in. the search. ' ' , . .
: The Express Co. -handles' : all. the
shipments of the factory. -of, the.Trum
lull concern and it has volunteered
to call to the aid 'of the missmtr man's
-lis.i-i.iiy, all the- groat system in south
ern England. . . .' .
Ac a late hou? this afternoon noth
ing had been . hea rd from Mr. :Tmm
bi.il. His family , h is' conirr unicat
ed With the Ouhard line officials ana
have been assured,, an attempt will be
made to Ket them, correct information
as soon, a; possible.' ;
BRIDGEPORTERS HOPING FOR
' SAFETY OF F1ISSING
Riehara D:' Olney,' ;of I$oston,.- for-1
irier Secretary-- of State." was - na,med
bv Secretary Bryan .'as. the American.
-iMrhpr of the commission under the
ppao;'tre'aty- with'Srancel'; '' . V1;;.
"' - .' -v- ' ' . --- '
rrjLMIXGfe-In this city,. Way 8. 1915,
J oil n 5 p., son of .Jeremiah and', the
late . Mary Cummin gs. r ':
Frindsiare invited to et-end the
'funeral : from,-: the resideiico of , his
father. No. 508 South avenue, on
' Monday,.-Ma,y. 1V, at 9: SO a. m. and
v.m St "Charles' church, at 10 a.m.
"ferment at St. '-Michael'sr wms
' 1 tcryj ,. ' ' - V ' : . '.
t -.IJT' In thi citkIlay 6, 115.
, : ztocth A. Snetney. .
Friends' ate invited to attc.id the
funeral at the residence' ct her sls
(r ::u. M. Mtflobkey, Ni. .00
-rgory street on. Monday, ilriy'.ie,
t s :30 .a. m.,-. and froir. . Sacred
Heart church at 9 a. m., -with, sol
'r;n l.igh nt n Intentnt fet.
"'ichaets cere i:er: - 3- 7 b
AiHJXIS Our ppecalty is a fast sel
ler; sure repeater. Send 'at ..once
for " proposition.' : J--' 'Wil'liiums, ; 424
W. 2 7th St., New York City.
. ' . . ' .-. ap
.-. . (Continued from Page 1.) . .
oasecof attack by hostile ships. : ;
- Mrs. MacFarquhar said she wasn't
afraid- not even when it was report
ed' that the Lusitania. had received
warning that the ship would oe sunk.
She' said "when lt.neared the war sons
she wouldn't fro to' -"ed. -but she would
remain awake to be. prepareo. in case
of accident. , ,
i That, " her friends believes: is what
she did and' wfiat caused her life to
be saved. She was awake when the
ship was torpedoed and she was ready
to disembark with her daughter; y
Mrs. MacFarquhar is the mother of
Colyn MacFarquhar, a tool maker at
the plant of the Bemington-U. M. C.
Co. .7 Her daughter-in-law cabled last
night to Europe and this morning,
Miss Elsie MacFarquhar, who is em
ployed, by F. Lyman,, optician, receiv
ed a cable from QueAistown in which
the two words: "Both Safe" appeared.
DEATHS yT 0 'pi! 0.(B
; FOR HIS
HOSPITAL HERE TO FIGHT
COUNTRY: REPORTED DEAD
'--."John, Thurston of Norfolk, England;-
hasn't , been Iward - from. : Re
markable sacrifice for the sake.of his
country ha probably cost him his life.
'--Ill with pulmonary trouble that pre
vented his acceptance In the English
army; , Thurston : took: a trip to this
country last winter for'his, health,- In
tending to go' baojc if he recovered. ,
; . He arrrived here January 8, but In-
steady of getting better he becaine sud
denly and violently ill after " getting a
job; on : a farm- in the neighborhood
AG EXTS Don't , miss this t hance . to
, handle our high grade specialty;
easy to sell; blgr profits. ' Write,
Florence Hole's Co., '48 ?'onb- St,
JJanbury, Conn. . " . : ? . ap
bTRpXG YOUNG MAN", Irish, wish
es situation at anythiDK r Just Arrived-
from New York. . Call or
write G. St., 711 Eadt Han St.
- 1 t R. S d '
S30 weekly, -evening at hour ta Every
thing furnished. No t eipenenqe.
No canvassing. Don't worry about
capital. Boyd H. Brown,'1 Dept A,
13,- Omaha, . Neb. ' . ' t ap
V, .VN'IF.O -Travelpr-'a&e- it to Bft
; dixpenerice '-unnecessary.; --Salary,
, -commission: and expense allowance
to right mat." J. E. McBrady, Chi
.. capo.- '. - - . -.- . ..-: .-. .: - ., ap
J v"l:IJ-JGEJf., FOISOX taay earn
$8 to $20 weekly during upare time
Ht home, writing for- newspapers.
Semt for 7partieularB. Prssa Syndi-
. :ata, 134, Washington, IJ. C. '' ,
-T : 1 ." " . ,- ' ap
TO IVEST Building suitable for fac
' lorv or- store purposes v at t 286
Stratford avenue. For iartlculars,
inquire S. Juoewith & Co;j .-
R S tf c
TO REST-rNew store'and five room
tenement, corner "Wood. Avenue and
Hummer St. Apply sCf S5? Wood
. avenue.-.'. ':. R8 tf
of Trumbilll. He -.as taken . to the
Treatment, at that institution Re
stored his health and he was; discharg
ed from there feeling better1 than- he
had m many years, Instead of rest
ing, he rushed to the steamslilp bfflce
of; S. Loewith & Co., nd there he
procured paseaga to: - England. ' Ho
sailed tve days after he left the. hos
pital. ,. . '.'.'' - A .
Thurston wanted ' to fight for his
country. He is only a youth. He Is
not recorded in the Hst of survivors.
OS FEAR THAT Lll!3. ANDERSOt!
HER BABY L1AY HAVE BEEN LOST.
- If ,ri V :: - r '' '
The. relatives and friends of Mrs.
Roule, Anderson . of .124 "Wheeler ave
nue,- are .distracted today. Aitnougn
a re'port 'has . been received , that she
and :hsr 1 two-year-old "daughter, Bar
bara, .ar saved, there 'has been jao
conflrttiation of the report. , -
Mrs. Anderson, the wife of - Roule
AnderBon,' an employ of the , Singer
Sewing . Machine Co.j, was on her way.)
to ' visit her .mother . and father . in
Darlington, England, v Both Mr, . and
Mrs Anderson came "to this? country
from -'England four-years ago-; since
which time they were married, and a
child was born to them... : ' ,V
Mrs. Anderson "hasn't , seen her pa
rents since she left Europe and be
cause of the fact that her " health
just now isn't very ' promising;' she
thought a, trip, to 'the .land of her
birth, a renewal of the old scenes
and especially a Visit with : her . p&
rents would help her .recuperate.
. . Nothing has . been. heard from
James Harrison,., a machinist, work
ing for the .Crane -Valve .Co.
feared he, ia ' lost. ;:.'.'- '
Harrison has- "been - living at the
T. M? C- A. rooms in .this city, with
his nephew, John, an employe of the
Locomoblle Co. ill has a daughter
in England,, whom he Visits every two
years and hevwas on his .way . to- Bee
her when he' took the Lusitania.
ROOKS, GIIAKl SALESMAN, NOTIFIES
HIS FAMILY HERE THAT HE IS SAFE
t Continued from Page 1)
PLACE DEATH LIST AT 1,216
London, May 8 2:15 P. M.- The Press Bureau is informed
by the Admiralty today that no more reports regarding the Lusi
tania have been received and that the number of survivors al
ready gjyen may be regarded as approximately correct-
Inquiries are being made along the coast but there is little
hope of news of survivors. - ,
. The best available information sets forth that the Lusitania
had on board 1,251 passengers and a crew of 818. This gives a
total of 2,067- souls oa board the liner when she was torpedoed
The known survivors being 857, the-list of dead would cons-
quently .reach the total of 1216. .
Saturday, May 8, 1915.
V . SURVIVORS OPLY PARTLY CLAD
Dublin, May 8 Many of; the ' Lusitania's survivors who
landed at Queenstown were only , partly clad, having thrown
aside as" much clothing as possible when-they donned life belts.
Many of the, men, women .and children helped ashore by local
blue jackets still wore, their belts. One woman more than iO
years old was taken from the water, after having been, kept
afloat for some tirue by the life belt she wore. . ' '
"I was talking with Mr. Winters, of the-Cunard line, when
the ship was hit' said Charges G. Hardwick, of New York, who
has crossed' the Atlantic sixty-one times. - "Winters got into
boat No. 1 17, which "overturned and then swam to. boat No. 19,
Most of the' saloon passengers were at luncheon and the .pro
portion saved was small." . ' . ' i - i ' - r -4 . .
- ' ' ASSIST SEARCH FOR SURVIVORS
London, May 8 Henry M. Pindell, of Peoria, 111.; T. P..
O'Connor, and Alfred Booth, chairman of the-Cunard line, are
helping in the work of locating and caring, for survivors.
, - ' ', , , "
AMERICAN VICE CONSUL MISSING J
V London,' May 8 12 :57 Pi M.r E. Kilbourne Foote, American
vice-consul at Shemnitz,-is missing, according to anlinnounce-
ment made here today by the Central News. . This organization
says Mr; Foot e left his post a month ago' for Anaericsu Nothing
lias be,en neara irom nim since. - ;v
SIMON LAKE,'BUItBER -'OF--.'SUBMARINES,
; TELLS .HOW
i . THEY TAKE ;f HEIR.-PREY
- f'Maie in Bridgeport", trucks, which j Mrs. Brooks at Jier home on Seeley
are playing a large part In the British
military operations," w4U have '"Made
la - Bridgeport'.' eQnipment : to . help
them . ve? the rough- - roads in the
war aone. James rl. iJrooK.s,i mana
ger', of thfe .tire grip department of.
the . Weed Chain & Tire Grip ' Co. of
Connecticut avenue this city, ' is safe
near. Queenstown. -s .. -
Brooks went to England to- equip
the Locomobile and other trucks witH
Weed chains.?; His company, learned
of th .opportunity to jaret largo, orders
for: the Bridgeport product because of
the soggy condition of the roads there,
and Brooks went there assured Jhaf
he would be successful. .- ,. : '. ,
street to-day received., a cable from
her husband In which he reported that
he isj safe.- William. M.,- Wneeler,
secretary 'of the Weed Co., had been
cabling1 -all night long and this morning
received ( the- news that his employe is
alive. ' -
, Mrs. Brooks , was " happy this morn
ing. "He went over th'ere to i ut chains
on the trucks that are being used in
the war," she declared to a Farmer
reporter. ' "I received- - word r , at - 9
o'clock that he is safe." ' . ' -.
Brooks has four children dependent
upon him' and his good fortune is
pleasurable tOv his friends. ' He had
never been to England before. , :'
CHILDREN 01! SHIP, MOTHER OF
L1SSS SEGC0L1BE IS NEAR DEATH
.V 'BABYiTO EE GIVEN A WAY!
6 months old boy father killed n
"Austrian army,- want to piace wisn
repitalile well to do ia roily. A5
dress Isussenburn, 1778 Main St, !
, . a
TO It KXX 1. : room apartment, all
. imi.Tovement!,, 91 5 .North avenue,
t near Mam St., : $20. Appiy ' F". H.
tiassett, 913 orth avenue, f'h'ofte
D31J-1? , . K 8 -b"
SHXTATIO WANTED by youhg man,
. 28 years old, has had experience in
factory clerical work, would accept
any position. - ; Adrdess R.- D. - S.1,
- tins office. . . R 8 d
, , . ,
J .A1I IS $25 weekly' easy,- simple
work, , no canvassing: , Evenings at
home, fascinating,- everything fur
nishedj no experience. .Don't wor
.. ry. about .capital. Boyd 0.-Bro,wn,
Dept. is. -46. ''Omaha, Neb. , :
FREE TO AJfY WOMAIt Beautiful
.42 pee. -Gold dec. Dinner set for dis-
tributing fe dOKen cakes Complexion
soap free with other products
- among friends; . no money- - needed.
Tyrrell. Ward, 21S-C. Institutes Chi
cago, f . - ap
Deathly ill from the shock she re
ceived when the news of the. destruc
tion of-the TjUflitania reached Ihere, the
agedj, -mother" of1 Miss Sara Seccombe,
a- nurse or tnis cxty uvmg ai . xno Ar
den -apartments on Warren etreet, is
Unl a dangerous condition at , her home
in New Hampshire and Miss Seccombe
left Bridgeport at 3:30 o'clock this
morning to go- to her bedeide. . .
Mrs. Secombe had a aon, Percy, and
another daughter, Elizabeth, on the
ehip., Thej; are residtentij of Boston
ana were on a pleasure trip to the oth.
er side. . . - . ., . . ' , : ' - , . :
lviiss secoomDe..." received;' no newa
from her brother and sister last .night
uuu . just 'Derore . mianignt ehe trot b.
message to come to her mother,-at -Pe-
terborb, N. H. . As .far- as known, she'
has not yet been given any reason ta
believe :her relatives, are safe.
TO i KENT Upper 6 room flat ' With
,. electricity. , .. Bnquira:-- 1172 . Park
Ave. Phone 2S31J ' , R 7 d
BARTENDER, Irish; 2 years, wish
es position, six monthts city experi
ence, good city references. , Irish,
711 East Main St; ' t -R- 6 d!
PLAYER PIANO $lfc0.; uaed pianos,
Mansfield, Bayer Ciupln, $60 up.
. S. E. Lee Piapo Co., 84 Cannon
-' St. : .- : . . II 7 bj -
MATHUSHEX ANGELUS player
piano. bench, rolls, at sacrifice,
can., be seen anytime.; Box M. A.
Care of Farmer. ... V R 7-bp: -
FOR RENT New high class single
residence, hail, eight rooms,, bath.
Wood avenue,, next North Ave. Jo-
' . seph W. Northrop, 2050 North Ave.;
: Court Exchange Bldg. i . -,..
v. .., .. , . . R 6 s
KOR SATFn-rHigh grade upright
piano, Al condition. Low- prio'e.
.Several pieces of furniture. Cook
'j stove, with hot water back. --Good
baker. Side board, steel bedT springs
and mattress. Call 6 to 9. 7& Sum
mer. .St. . '.,,,; R 7 dp -
WANTED Position 'ty Hungarian
. man. Willing to take any kind of
work. Farm work desired.- AiTply.
. S. Bodnar, 394. Bostwiek Ave. , '
R 8 dp -
LOSS OF TITAfliG
. The " loss of - the steamers Titanic,
sunk by; aij , icebergv in The North At
lantic, 1910,' in which 1,395. passengers
were" lost and. the Lusitania upon
which' about 1,800 souls are reported to
have perished will probably, go down
into history as. two- of the greatest
marine" disaster ever" recorded.. .
Other disasters of recent years are:
General Slocum, burned, .East River,
1904; 1,000 lost. " . s ' 1 ''-, i . "
.Norge, . foundered at sea, 1904; '750
lost.- -- .. . " - ' : . .','
1 Ting 'King, sunk off Hong Kong-,
1908; SOO' lost. . ,. - - .-.
Republic, rammed by" Florida and
sunk off Nantufcket, 1909; six-lost. -'
4ardina, burned at sea, .1909; 100 lost.
" Aurora, sunk by icebergs in North
Atlantic, 1910; 1ST lost. . - v' .
Ross,' sunk in Black . Sea, 1912;. 172
lost.' i -
Texas, foundered in Gulf of Smyrna,
1912; 140 losti J' , r -; ;'..'
Kickemaru, eunk off Japanese coast,
1912;;liMM lost. ,..-.
Calvados. : lost in . Sea of Marmora,
1913; 200 lost.
State of Q-alifornia, wrecked off Alas
kan coarst. 1913; 32 lost. . .-
' Volturno,-burned in mid-ocean; . 191R;
135 lost.-.- '.. '":.; - -.
Bridgeport; Montreal to Sydney, be
lieved lost with all on board in gale,
1913. . ' - ' -
Rosa, sunk in Black Sea, 1912; 172
Sandy Hook, Jan, 4, 1914; 28 lost. .
i Acila, Corral to Hamburg, lost in
Straits of Magellan, Jan. 5, 1914; all on
board lost. S i !
' Monroe,, sunk in collision off Vir
ginia, Jan. 30, 1914; 40 lost.
Joseph A. Hill, chaf-ged - with the
murder of George W. Higgins of this
city,, was acquitted . this morning on
the charge or murder.' ' - 1 '
Hill was, given' a hearing before
Judge Robert S. Alexander in the Dan
bury police court -and he re-enacted
there, , his demonstration to Coroner
j . j . rneian ana repeated- Jiis - test!
mony. ' He was , discharged .before
noon. :.; -1 -,;- ' : i' ,s :'
, Coroner Phelan had -found that -Hi n
killed Higgins,; in: defending himself
against 'attack. ,' ... '.'.'..'. : ' -
The defendant was taken to Redding
where he Is weU known, and all along
the, route, his townspeople Btonnp.d thn
automobile' in which h,e was riding
and shook his hojid. 'They, hadn-'t
been prepared, for acquittal and were
surprised. - Some, expecting him to
bound over, had raised enough mon
ey to obtain his releasej ..on bail. ,'
Is Given Freedom
. The Ell gin Motor Car . Corporation
was incorporated at-Dover, Del., with
T. capital stock of 1,000,000.
armer Want Ads-. One Cent a Word.
Little headway has been made by
me police in ascertaining the where
abouts of 1 4-yeari-pld. Marie Petrino,
daughter of Pasquale Petrino, . who
disappeared fromher "home 242 Lex
ington avenue last Sunday, and is now
Deiieved to be,:in. the hands of per
sons 'who are , keeping her - where
abouts a mystery. ; - , ,
-Owing, to lack of , evidence t con
viet nim with . her abduction, . Louis
aeracino, of New Tork, arrested upon
ia eompiaint of the , girl's parents
both in New York" and this citv was
discharged from .custody in . the city
court io-Qay. it 4s rumored that h
will bring suit f or false arrest.
Advertise in The Farmer
Noted , Inventor Graphically Pictures Scenes on Board
Underwater Craft, As Fatal- Torpedoes Are
-Launched. , , , .
The'damage done by a torpedo, flredi
from a. submarine the great distance
at which these .can now be aimed dir
ectly at an 1 object, ;and. the,, little
chancer of resistance ty a - great .Ship
like the Lusitania is graphically ex
pressed te the Evening Farmer, today
by-Simon Lake, inventor or tne atyie
of submarine which lias recently taken
a prominent part in naval -warfare,
and which.- are probably responsible
for Jthe .sinking of the Lusitania, yes
terday; i . ,
That a torpedo fired toy a. Japanese
ruiser at the Russian battleship Ret-
zivan, tore, a gaping hole nearly forty
feet square in tier , armored side, was
the statement made by an onioer wno
survived the terrible i. experience; to
Capt. La ke when he wa in the Orient.
With two such holes in her side, prob
ably several : feet : distant and coming
almost simultaneously, the passengers
of the Lusitania were in a trap The
scenes of death and destruction must
have been appalling. , .
That the passengers . on - hoard the
Lusitania, may never have seen the
little monster o thedeep until they
were loundering. in the water with
no "possible aid. from- the submarine
that viewed the struggling bodies with
compassion through- three inch glass
eyes and their mirrorsaope - tubes : isl
more than probable from .tne accounts
of" submarine ' . warfare. ' ' detailed,. . at
length, today by the well known un-
der-water-oraft authority. .
Simon : Lake , declared i "today that
with the periscope; of a submarine sub
merged a distance of 6 inches beneath
the calm surface of . sea-water,1 unless
followed constantly with the eye, at
a distance of 50 feet away, it will not
be observed.;. Onoe lost never-found.
is, his own personal experience.
He further declared that- there
could have . been no, resistance" from
eubmanne attack,, even though the
Lusitania had : carried , heavy arma
ment, because ' with, her periscope
three feet under water1 she could not
have" been .seen fifty f eet -fdistant- from
the' big- ship' side,-, and the chances
were she was one thousand yards dis
tant.-; No . shot from the; vessel could
have' rocated her,, though -.- aimed- by
trained officers. j. .. -... .. , ,
The scenes, on both; the -vesssel and
little submarine may" be pictured from
idescriptions ' of i submarine., torpedo
"warfare- as. follows; The great ship
itnowmg tlie lurking danger, is trav
eling at her best speed limit, ; chang
ing" the course from time to time in
a jiig-ssag manner. , Waiting .. beneath
the surface - oi me caim, sea p. - nig
submarine, now said to be capable
of discharging a -torpedo at. a dis
tance of five miles, rolls idly in the
underground swell. Her , crew are
sleeping or talking in the semi-fetid
atmosphere that -the -compressed air
tanks relieve from tiirie to time. An
officer sits with his eye glued to a
periscope,, which ' constantly, revolves
that he may: discern the rising smoke
of an approaching .vessel, '. . On the
deck "of the Lusitania passengerp are
idly; lolling in steamer chairs, or lean
Ing over tho rails. They covertly
Sea? attack, yet the horizon shows no
sign of .the impending calamity.
'..'-Suddenly the submarine command
er . focuses, his - periscope upon a faint
and haay line' on the horizon. Closely
he watcheTS it move until assured of
its fact and. the' direc"tion. An elec
trie signaU and - the submarine ere
is in place. -', Another,, and the .boat
swings - silently ;" 'and ', slowly on' its
course ' diagonal to that of the ap
proaching vessel. . The electric en
gines turn, without noise, for the big
ship's submarine detectors to locate
The vessels near each other. An Or
der., is .transmitted from' the conning
tower to the forward compartment
of the submarine..- . The outside
Dorts of two- - bow- torpedo tubes -are
closed, compressed air drives, out all
Entrances' In Main Street, Fairfield Avenue, and Cannon Street.
The Weather Generally fair to
night and Sunday; cooler Sunday nlg-ttt
Roomy and comfortable hammocks of' couch style and
of unusual good looks, $5. : . . . ,.
That price doesn't give any idea of their, goodness.
They , are best ever the store .has had at such price. ItH
take a long long search to find their equal.
Frame is built with steel bottom and galvanized web
bing supported by strong fiexibleVprings. The firm can
vas ends have magazine pockets and steel stretchers across
the top to insure level hanging. Mattress is filled with wool
fiber and, covered with denim. "
. ' 28 by 72 inches, $5.
Finer couch-hammocks with head-rest adjustable tov
three reclining positions, vith canvas-covered, mattrcc": ,
filled with tufted cotton, $7.50 to $12.50... ' - '
Woven hammocks, of regulation" sorty tapestry weave, i
extra size, have valance and adjustablehead-rest,-$3 to
$5. ; .
Strong khaki hammocks of regulation swinging
style, have stretcher notably stout, $1.50. .
Gk6d eanvas:wave. hammocks in good colors,- $1 tc
$2.50.. ' " " , ' . s
--'' V-!--v- ? '"' i ; :Third floor.- ". . -'' . ,
- . . . i- -
'If ' ".---.' -' !'; - V '" ' "; '' --"'" ' '; : - '" ' - ' '"
'i- :! :'-: .-, , ' :-,'":' ' : , - i . ' : . " ,
' Simply and stoutly made from the natural bamboo.
.-'-"' .With the tough durable shiny outside bark exposed tc?
the weather. v 1 - ' - -. '
(; 4 by 8t-60c 5 by 8 itH 75c -6
by ,8 ft $1 . 8 by 8 ft $1.25 -
, : 01 ' . ' -10 by 8 ft $1.50 . '
. ; :-''. -:: ', ". Third floor.- v ''' ' '
w4ter. t. Two insia-,porfcs- ae careful
ly opened, and two one ton torpedoes
are lifted by means of chain, tackle
and swung carefully into 'the tubes.
The -Inside porta are closed .much the
same as one of. the big breach load
ing coast defense guns, and the out
side poTts are again opened. . The air
chamber between the torpedo and. the
breaches Is filled with air compressed
to nearly 1.300 pounds to the square
Inch nearly the force of exploding
dynamite. :-. -. :-. ' .,
Both vessels are closing together at
right - angles. On the otgger one all
la gayety , and . unsuspecting hope ' of
early and safe arrival at port. -. On
the submarine all are alert. Tho bow
is carefully trained towards la direct
line over ; which, the snip must travel.
The time of speed and the distance is
carefully: gauged by trained, officers.
The submarine sinks beneath: the sur
face and men are stationed- at the fir
ing levers on each of the forward
tunes. An officer stands with a watch
in his hand counting the seconds.
little bell tinkles over the lever man
on the part or starboard side of the
submarine. ; - He pulls the lever which
releases the trigger and with a rush
the enormous torpedo forces itself in a
direct line toward the vessel. Anoth
er second elapses and the oell rirsta
again.; Similar, action is observed on
the submaxine; which. " moment la.
ter rises with its periacope; abbve the
slight ripple of the water. ,- , ': ' -.
There Is a deadening crash, as the
shock is transmitted through, tne wa
ter and -the resounding .shell -of .the
air-filled "submarine. .The officer at
the submarine's periscope, or. coning
tower, is the only living person on
the submarine that sees a great vessel
rise "out of the water and slowly settle
back. ' He knows that the ehots have
taken effect and he can offer no aid
to the thousands who a moment later
will 'be attempting to: save their lives.
Hettrrns -tiis bow homeward... or cruis
es for other yictirns of. his mechanical
Ingenuity. As his sealed, sailing orders
may direct.. -.''- '.,.'" -'..;-;'".: i '. :v ''"
. Such . Is -the ' picture, presented, by
statements of submarine action .by Sl
mon Lako today. -' " ' ' ;'' -' : ,
The course of the torpeao. rrom -tne
time it is released in the tube by the
lever trip is , interesting. ., These - tor
pedoes,, made at a cost of $5,000 each,
much, of whioh is spent ,in testing ,is
interesting. With their high charge of
explosive, placed well forward and a
iittle- plunger on- the nose, : conneotin
with- a, percussion -'cap, ; the Interior
presents the same view as that of a.
large eteamanip. The oSioer is alit-
tle gyrospoce, impelled by compressed
air. This' to turn may be set from the
outside to travel straight foisward, or
on a curve, and, by timing device, ' to
change its course after: a certain die
tance, TJusally "it isset i to. travel
straigh-t beneath the "- wate' at -a. -dejath
of -about -1 6 feet. to insure accuracy
the torpedo, without explosive Charge
must be. fired many times from a fixed
torpedo tube. It Is finally inspected
and passed. 'As, it leaves the torpedo
tube on- its last Journey, the trip re
leases , the compressed air which turn
its turbine engine. That in turn re
volves the. propeller. The rudder.
speed and. depth or passage . is ac
tuated by. the gyroscope. A 1 torpedo
has been fired accurately at a distance
of five miles. The most accuracy and
usual distance is between 50 yards and
1,000. Owing to . the concussion on - the
ear-drums of those in a submarine the
greates distance compatible .with ac
curacy is sought.-
As the plunger on the torpedo strikes
the vessel it explodes tne charge al
most directly agains the side . of the
vessel. The effect Is almost instanta
neous. Unless the. su bmarine is turned
for a special season after firing the
first shot, both will be discharged al
most instantaneously so that the holes
will be fore and aft in the target ves
eel. ' j
flOWLAND DRY GOODS G
DISCUSSES TORPEBOES I
': READERS OF
Thomas E. Carroll, Inventor of Deep Sea Type-of Tcrj : lo,
' -Tells of Possible Effect on Ammunition in Car3 cf
Vessel Under Fire. ' i
Thomas K.. Carroll, 1040 State street
for, forty years an expert In high ex
plosives, inveritor ; of deep sea torpe
does, which ' are used -by various na
tions'" and art authority ; whose -Judgment
is taken , on matters pertaining
to use -of " dynamite, , fulminate and
gun-cotton In -warfare expressed bia
views "upon the 'destruction.- of tho
Lusitania to-day to a reporter of The
Farmer, in - substance, as follows: '"
"From accounts ; VI -". have , read, v I
should Judge that the ship -was vtor-f
pedoed probably twice in rapid suc
cesion. - The projectiles . ' exploded
probably beneath the waterline o the
vessel - where i the explosive force is
greater and the 'resistance of 'the steel
nlatee less .than above, the' waterline.
The blow were such as to strike prob
ably some -distance apart . and tear
away' the sides of ,the . vesel in each
instance over, an .area. of approximate-:
ly 16 or. 20 feet. The : exact force f
the .torpedo blow cannot' be . ascer
tained' Decause ' an governmcxiua , uoc
different, formulas, for- their explosive
mixtures and . the depth beneath the
surface of . the sea is "a . greatxfac,tor
in the force of the explosion. ' ,
"Though thet external force, gor the
explosion would, be sufficient to dis
charge as one body ,all the projectiles
and small x .ammunition-, that might
have been contained in me raagsuuiiEo
of the -vessel,' providing that, steve
dore had not properly cushioned the
individual cases containing projectiles.
I am of, the belief that such would not
be the case, .as those 'employed-in
stowing such cargoes would be men
thoroughly familiar with- the storage
of high.1 explosives and ,not likely to
forget the .cushioning requirea. tsnouia
such an oversight, have been counten
anced by officers of the ship, those re
sponsible would - be criminally begUf
Erent. . ' ' " ' ." v-. 41
VI am of the belief that snouia.it
be found that a' violent internal ex,
plosion followed the striking of one or
more torpedoes on the outside of the
vessel's 1 Bhell, the battery of boilers
will be found -Jo have exploded as a
unit blowing up the inside of the ves
sel. .This effect could be obtained al
so by the inrush of water , througlx
torpedo holes in the boiler rooms.
"In explaining the matter of "cush
ions" Carroll called attention to tha
manner in which projectiles and dyna
mite are ; packed, by manufacturers.
Each lot of these is placed in a box -arm
carefully surrounded with Kaw-
dust, -- in the case of -email ammunl-;
tton. a , thick coating of lead' ia first
sealed about the cartons and the whole
Placed in a wooden box.
siting the manner-of explosions, tha
expert gave illustrations of the roan-
ner- that ,s "con taat" .causes p.vt-'-,..
Illustrating the center flra "cartri3g
he said that unless struck forcibly on
tne .luinunate cap ther was littis
chance of exploding it by dropping.
Similarly a.$piece of dynamite place J
in a bucket of water and su biected to'
the dropping..' of a weight would b
cushioned" against the blow. rti.
Pas withoyt the water, the percussion
wouiu De.sumcieait to explode. Exper
iments nave - shown that a sfirl
boilers, one connecting with tfi other
lr Dattery" form would explode as a
unit .when one. blew up. Likewise a
piece of dynamite placed between two
steel plates and. struck with a. hammer
will, explode, -though when surround-.; 3
by la cushion of sawdust the same
blow, seldom has effect.
From these premises and the fact
that' a torpedo; nearly always strikes
below the water line, the explosive
force of any substance under water
being upwards, and the ignition being
Sudden and violent, Mr. Carroll is of
the belief that the shock would have
been sufficient td explode the boilers
or the- magazines providing' each pack
age: received on board had, not been
properly placed with a surrounding
coating of sawdust or other cushion r. im
material. "', - - -i
The funeral of ( Frances French was
held from her late home in Stepney
at 2:30 this afternoon.' Rev..' F. ' 3.
Poten officiated. - Many friends were
in attendance. Burial was in Step
ney; cemetery. .'- .;,'.- , ,.' ,' - ;;
At the annual meeting of the "Union
Station Co., ir Chicago, retiring offi
cers and directors were re-elected.
T LTPORD BROTHERS;,: B
TRY SPRING CUSTOM StTITS BTJS"
Y Kast Side and West ?nd . , X .
OF COURT HOUSE BIDS
Bids for the addition to the county
court house were opened this after
noon in the offices of . Architects
Briggs & Caldwell in the Security
building.,,. The county commissioners,
as well as several members of the
building committee, were- present.
.Justice George W. -Wheeler, on be
half of ; the committee, stated that
there was considerable work to be
done by the committee before the
names . of ; the succeful biIler
could be announced. It is un-'.or- "yri
that a largis" number bf bias were re
ceived. . ; .