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The Bridgeport evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917, May 25, 1915, Image 8

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THE FAKMERi MAT 25,' 1315
- i. ;
.'ckurgiimbn, stirred by words
of nuriGflmAN minister, set
i- ICo tie Editor of theSTM,a3iBrJ.j Sir !
Eiijilftler .pperedin the col-
um! of fheVBridgeport, neswspapprs a
apooch of HSeV.. CeeriiVtky, pastor of
: tli Hangariaaai of tle cixy. - It c6n-
talsei not oay certain -. groiufcidless as-
" sertiOna, but JisSoesd - th Slovalt people
' of this. city inafeilse li!?ht, treiresent-
tstg them- as f a diseadiafBed. trouble
:.iome,' cilauk'l Hd this, come irom
- someoae ise wet-wjoufil give it a piti
ful pasalns"ilance. 'B-ut.-t coming, from
..: iaain stsaposest to', repnesont tenth
mxtA.. Justice Van .hsWing' a .position of
trust, w caslaiot learv' isnnatioed and
' leave Uie aJseimpiesnUnXhe minds
of; fcaar -Justice taMd tsaith loving : fel
low1 crltiaons.
vSuch misrepresenta.-
Uon would caaseovertSO.OOOrSlavs of
this cltv. overvg.OtOOIofVwhomare Slo
' vaks, to be looi.edi.upMn1! as undesirable
fcitizens Of thisthelrlad.oxrted iland of
- - truV freedom. . 'Itf woitjia, moreover,
brand them asfa idissatlsSed clique,
unreliable .ani therefore, .undesirable
-.for work,, and position, of trust Jus
v tic -demands. the iretf u tatlon of the
objectionaiile statemvemts. :-
First of all,peaktng in tthis arti
. .1 T,ie--of-i ft.imgarwt.ns.. it is not ; meant
the VenMrie; ? JiurwjaHans either i In
Europe .pr here. .; AHNJustice; loving
n.rid law aibidtog.Hlunsastans, whether.
" our cltlaens- 'or' not whst!tr living in'
Europe or 'in this cou-ntiry, are-'re--
spectedt and:, lpved," ffyr -In tho words
of the.'reveren speatiier thimself : to
in oft'th -ULndersigned. 'The genuine
HungarJasnsi ; " Hke Slo-aks,' are ill
treated- by taie corrupt' and Hyranloal
Hungarian isovernrofcrti.;"" ,i , lIor i, are
we Speakitsg ; of," the, iaUow -enthusiasts
misguided. by fanatics orby ren---
-rTVil-TT'ttE?iia.;. it ls( meant
here - that corrupt and tyranSoal sys
tem tbrwugte-Viwbfich- thepe in . power
oppress tha weaker, Nfrying to erush
' thera and to- 4eny thesn wen- sA dying
" cry.-a system whi ch - actaially exists
In the "ctwilter!" Hungary. ' .
-'Nor( are . we defending a' certain
' Slovak meeting or the ' persons pre
: siamg.v.as , somet of ' the undersigned
may. notiapprove f Its secondary, end,
"althoughV.we . all know, , Its primary
end was- to, disewss Va, way how to help
Slovaks . strckenS b'y! war and . to , de
nounoe'themilitairisan tha,has by its
unbearable Sbtird-ens .caused the peo-
pie, both HunR-a.riaHisanii . Slovaks, to
leave tneir'naUv yatttd and seek- a
' - shelter -and pportsiniity' iii other, lands
. where rliberty really Recasts, militar
. ism wfa-ich - flnal(ly. Hats' bnought the
: present 'scourge-? 'on . '.the, ,civilUed
,: .world... : - . . .
Tbe statements ln the address re
1 farred ' to " are objoctioiiacble because
1 1 in some there is notaniota of truthi
' They represent . merely V self asser
' ' tions, i personal v,feelmigs wltho-ut any
1 n-rnnmlfld fa-S. Arui ' WO V. all know
. that conventional' assertion,- bsised n
one's own narrow views 'or on person-
i al feeling, without pnovimg .by facts
tct a -Pitiful stateV.of him .Who
Here are some i-ofc: tfee'TKisrepresen-
'. tatrons( common taary arndi -facts: - . - ;
- :-rt was' intimated byl'a wble.o a
. colored gentleman 'whoi Rafter -getting,,
his melon And -'chicken tried to put
the landlord ont of the? house, that
Slovaks, ' like that'jiegro, after Tecetv
'. ins favors, from Hamgarians, are try
ing," asj a refcellious'iclitiTie, 'to puf.the
; Hungarla-ns out. , ot their , country.
: Whereas jtha, fable: it; too true . already,
realized in1 a rffrersesene. r Namely,
the Hungarians ' as aMongrolianho,
mad tribe, after receiving their first
losson';of civiliratfion from Slovaks,
" gradually put them . owt ; of r.their. own
houae. The Slovaks, were alWays-'a
peaceful! nation and. this.- was the
r' cause of their oppression and a 'curse
. in; their .historj'k'- . ' -"'--.f- . .-' :' ;
" It is, a fact of history " that when
; -the pagan Hnr:sra.rins- came to Elur
: ope the Slocks were already br '.a
H ng tm ctvilszed ' ai(J christianized.
! vin words m Husnsjanans- borrowed
' fr ;-;?. SloVaksT'a ;kral-ki:aly '(king),
" , stol-asstal ,table), oblak-ablak (win
- dow). - obed-ebed (.(ilranet), vecera
yaesOra. (supper), dvor-udvar ; ' (a
'J-ard)-' atld ; th6usanIs. of others' for,
;' which as a . migiratins- tribe, they-had
. no need" antC wMen '.thsey.settled, they
-. had - to borrow f them A from the Slo
'V . . vaka. ; ;"' ' ' , ' -'-"'. : ;';
,-5t Fsher" Universal; History . naed . In
' ' tur-' American Collates. has( this , fact
.' Jtb'&tit'. the advent. f. Hungarians; into
tun&aryi, , (p, 2(Jt' "'Hungarians
crossed the . Carpathian mountains
and - in 900 sthey .' established them
" selves in the valley of1 the Theiss and
' Danube."-. Btrkaeuser's. " Htsfory . (p.
26$ . says': 'The pagan Magyars
. -(Hungarians aj'.warUke, . Mongolian
- race. . migrard from;. Asiam 890. For'
more' tMan "half a. century, -the savage
'ragyal'sr' Arfif "more" terrible than he
Islamite' Saracens, were : the common
terror of fThristeniiom. , Only In' the
- I0th and-11th . century CThristianity
- had subdued them'- ' . '.'-,
".A -brief Mstorv of -Ancient, Medlaer
vn.1' and Tfbdem. peoples , (publ.Barnea
. &. Co., N. Y.)'. speaks this of "the
1 advent "and .civilization of 'Hungarians
fp.374). . i -j :
""Hungarians', a barbarous people,
were the dreaded foe of the" empire.
- They were believed to be cannibals,,
! and to drink the blood - of their en
emy. -After the last, overthrow by
, j Otto I., they' settled . down and by -the
f year of 1000-became Christians."" (
present: Hungary, as historians claim,
nfrom Worth some time-before the 4th.
. Century,, this is no concern. But' we
know beyond dispute " from history
that in the middle of the 5th century
. the Slovaks were already christlaniz-
ed by 8S. .Cyril and Methodius . (see.
Blrk, History p: 2S which means
. that, long before that, time 'the Slo-
I vaks were . settled and oivtnzed.
Now, Just think, the Slovaks, chris
tianized leng before and civilized a
, few centuries before the advent of the
Hungarians into the present Hungary,
the Slovak's home, after teaching the
Hungarians the first lesson in ctviMza
' tion, enriched them "with their words,
: now . are represented as ; an ingrate
.lamb below, disturbing the water for
Hungarians above.
To whom, than,- does the fable ap
pfy ?, Let the intelligent reader form
his own conclusion. The fable repre
sents Slovaks as a -rebellious clique.
The intelligent persona will see it re-
t Versed.- -. ; - "v ,
It was said further : "They state
(hat .the Slovaks . are allowed to erect
schools in Hungary . It is falsillca-
"Wo offer - ? 5,000.00 to charitable
purpose of tills city if any one can.
point out just on. purely Slovak blgh
er school or collea.6 -tolerated by the
government1.-for almost 3,000,000 -of
Slovaks in Hungary. , No ione flares to
erect a . Slovak Higrh sehql, ' as ' such,
an effort would' be lookeW upon as an
act of treason in Hungary. ' The last
eiiort maoe -. ror three, Blovatc gym
nasia (colleges) which. ; had. been
founded by. private donations, "was in
18 68. They were arbitrarily dissolv
ed by the government and their en
tire funds , were, confiscated. -'They
looked ,at first for Panslsvlsm as ,a
cause to : dissolve them (If "you tell'
your child: . Tour language1 is gift
of God,, you must love It, It is pan-sjavism-,-
the -'great crime -- .in Hun
gary). ' They did not find, that cause,
so they dissolved ' It on a, petty and
manuf u cfired excuse, ,-tha.t ' the
buildings .were' damp.;; Since .then the
progress and culture", of almost 3,
000,000 Slovaks Jhave beenf deliberate
ly stifled bj. those whoso duty it is to
mete Out equal ' Justice to all (. races
of the country. . The few. undtscburag
ed advocates of Slovak liberty and
equality as guaranteed by law on pa
per only, have been branded; as' trai
tors, and supporters of Russian de
spotism, and have ibeen either driven
by .persecution to-quit the:. country or
subjected to. repeated ; trials' and. im
prisonment (see pj 157 and ,165 "Prob
lems, of Hungary" published:; Arch.
Constable,, London). . Simultaneously
an" effort was made .by "the R, C.
Bishop ' Moyses to found "Slovenska
Matioa," a: purely literary-and educa
tidnal institution by private; subscrip-ttot';'i',!Jv-w-i!:?;"V:'
'i '-
.H4s Majesty ? the .Emperor, 'endowed
the .Institution with , a liberal dona
tion. When; theyaw that all creeds
flocked around .Bishop - Moyses as a
father; and champion v, df Justice and
bright :or Slovaks, 'the". Government
adopted, a- more chauvinistic attitude
towards nationalities. ." In J 87 5 the
"Matica Slovonska" was-dissolved.
Thus the government, 'deprived the
rising; generation.:, of SloVaksX'of the
ilfostt Necessary means of education on
which 'the. progress' of "national cul
ture .depended.;',; The 'entirie. funds of
the "JVTatlca" including the " pmperor's
own. .. subscription,.;. ; were j-j arbitrarily
confiscated bece.use" "there is no Slo
vak race in Hungary," a,, justification
given by Prime Minister Tisaa. ' ; The
unique Slovak .Museum and 'Library
Was ajs 'seised. V- They had. absolutely
no cause, . font they . made up an am
biguous1 excuse that it was "not up to
government standard.. ' ; :-':'" ' '
it io true, the Slovaks -have some
primary schools. Biit glance at the
official statistics and you must form
your own opinion- qf the liberty, and
justice. towards Slovaks, in . Hungary.
(See p. 487 "Racial Profelern's of Hun
gary, London.) ' -.v. -:f; . 1 - . ', ; - ' :
" J?Vr simplicity's sake. ', we' . limit the
statistics to ten eoimties where over
half the -population Is Slovak, though
in other .counties -the-' contrast' is even
m ore striking, ' . . -!. . ' ; ,
The a countries are: . ; Qravav Trendn,
olen.'iTu-rec, Nltra, Ravis,;' Spls, Te
kov, PjreGgorok. v -4? ' ' - ' ;.
Total population - m these?' counties,
t,863,&2 ; percentage ' of "Slovak popu
lation, 74iS; 1 peiteen-tage of those who
undertsand Hungarian language, 17.96 ;
total primary ? schools, in - these coun
ties, 2,063; Slovak primary 'aiools In
those- counties ' f or 75" per cent, of p.),
S18; Hungarian primary -schools in
these co-unties (for 17.. per cent-, of p.),
1,219;. ' mixed Slovak and Hungarian
schools,; 526., V" V".v. ' ' i-
' ThlSj. needs no 'commentary; - It Js in
itself a . sufficient refutation.' of ' the
"fair play as understood therf . Fu re
ly Hungarian -popu-lation Is enly a little-
morevJ:ha,l-5.cpnipared'.it that of
Slovak. V By what "process can we ext
plain; that 1-6, populati$ri should ' have
their four schools for'-eva ene school
of' the. 4-6 of the Slovak -natdonality?
Let -he intelligent-reader form'ms own
condosion. ' -: 1 '-. -.
.' , Now gianoe fet the statistics 'of high
schools and colleges In Hungary
' According . to- Hjugarian': official :cenr
sus the- percentage t of Hungarians in
Hungary (including"' Slovaks, who in
fear of being; branded, and persecuted,
professed. ' themselves Hugarians) is
51.4, per con.; non tTungaria.n.s (all
other na tiona;!! ties), 4S.6;- Slovaks alone
tprimary) j. : . ',. ;
, Xow mark well the relative percent
age of "schools; :.' ' r
HuTigarian primary ,schOQls, '80.7;
non-Hungarian J schools, 19; -' Slovak
schools, 3.3. Kf:j':, .-:'. y-l ;fX .:"rj'i
J. Percentage ofgrammar'sSschooIs: :
: f Purely Hungarian, 93.5; vnoni-Himga-rian,
4JI-, Slovak,, none. .
. Percenitage f of commercial and in
dutrial' schools: " i-.
' Iurely', Hungarian, tfl-.Sj non-Hrmga-.
rian, 8.7;. Slovak,; none.,'". ; ' v . ;
Percentage, of ' gymnasia (equivalent
to our co!legcs)i , . . '-, :$ '. i
: Ptireiy " Hungarian 91.7; non-Hmifa-riELn,
8.S; Slovak,"jione,. ; ? '' ;''....
. Percentage' of real schools: ' -...
Purely "Hungarian, 92.S- . nonHunga
rian, 7.7; Slova.Ks none. . i '. , ' . . . -'
Here, we see ; the statistics ' of the
country itself . (sea p. 428 Racial Prob
lems of Hungary). An-indivitrua.1, es
pecialiy? if ; he- be a., renegade,, can be
biased, but facts speak for themselves.
Thev "fair .minded - Americans look for
facts , arf a basis', op - which . they form
their Judgment : Let anyone, visit the
Slavonians. They will toll him . that
in ZaUa and "Vas , counties, in -which
the Slavonian population 'is oyer 150,
000, ' they- hayenot even- one primary
school. Some will" tell him, also, , how
their children, speaking - to, others in
their mother tongue, were penalised
by being forced 'to- Vrite one thousand
times "Aas'iskolaban es njindennf esak
mayyaral Kell beszelni" (in the school
and everywhere only Hungarian must
be ftpokea.) - -V -, -'. , ' --,
Some one by comparison may 'think
differently. .. . But ;,there 14 no-comparison
.between the conditions in Hun
gary and ' in -this country. It is like
heaven and earth. In Hungary reigns
despotism; In America, freedom. "There
ignorance breathes force, arid preju
dice, contempt- Here opportunity for
knowledge produces love.' for the form
of , government and language. Great
p"eroentage of Slovaks of their own initiative-
learhed to. speak English as
fluently- as any American born, be
cause ' they appreciate 'the country of
true freedom and love it. In Hungary
up to about -55 years- ago the . official
language" was Latin. ; No Slovak ob
ejtots to Hungarian being the official
language. , Thd point is" that besides
the official language the Slovaks, liv
ing all in 'compact districts, be allowed
in practice, as guaranteed by law on
paper, to keep up their Slovak national
culture. In other words, the question
is . whether Slovaks should resign
themselves--to-jtn&ixtsaitat o -thegovi-.
--. :' i-'-'f i-.t-"' .-;' t:.'.;- - ' i '
eminent to Hnngarize all natkmall
tiea as qulokly as possible at the ex
pense, of keeping them down in ignor
ance, or whether"- they should, aim, to 1
keep their God's given igifts and strive
ror self-development and culture. The;
Slovaks do not intend to give up their
national character. They live ; In a
compact district n masseBwhere Slo
vak, the only language tey know, is!
spoken. They exist not because of any
favors r tolerance on the part of 'the
ruling class, rather than live in -spite
of the drastic measures to suppress
them the reason of which is their nat
ural Way of compact living and their
inherent tenacity . brought out, by per
It was further stated "every Slovak
over there' enjoys the same freedom
and political rights as any Hunga
rian;" i Those' who talk . of personal-
freedom in. -Hungary either , do not
know theiE. subject or . are guilty of
wilful misrepresentation. . -
' It is merely ' ridiculous . to talk of
liberty in a -.'country -where societies,
unions and clubs public or- private
have ' io get Governmental sanction
and , are dissolved at any moment;
where the ' Minister of interior can
dissolve a political party to paralyze
all opposition against the ruling class;
where boys are expelled from schools
for talking their mother tongue' in
the streets; .where political, offenders
are detained for months untried in
prison., , ' ' : , ;
' We do not thmk there is a . true
American who would not be in favor
of temperance-, movement if it was
for publio good,, especially" among
those liable 'to iabuse. And yet listen !
In November 1874 the ruling class im
posed .its veto upon the SJovak- tern--perance
leagues. ; The so-called "Ro
sary society founded in imitation of
Father, Mathew's Institutions, secured
within a few weeks' over forty thou
and - members.. ' i The B-edemptorist
Fathers furthering . this " movement,
were ordered to Withdraw. . The tav
ern keepers .. complain that -they can
not, pay rent to the country magnates,
whose inflfluence , was paramount , in
high quarters..' The principal reason
was to keep '.the. Slovaks in, ignorance
and poverty by drink encouraged by
magnates.. "We can cite hundreds' of
facts to' illuetrate the above " state
ments only we refrain, as It would be
presumption on the kindness'of 'the
good Editor.:' i -'';;.'- ..''
, Liberty " for Slovaks, in . Hungary!
What a ' travesty aof the very word!
Father John Popovici, in -April 1908
was sentenced to -eight days in prison
and- 200 j crowns- fine- . because : he
allowed the little acolytes to.be dec
orated with, national; colors. Sept
1901, Dr. ' .Mar kovic,,. as" candidate for
the Slovak national l party,, held
speeches at JHruso. ' He spoke for the
reduction of1 taxes, gave his opinion
against civil marriage," spoke in favor
of ' Slovak schools and , criticised the
non-execution Of the Law of Nation
alities.,; He '.was arrested- as -'instigating
-against the Order" waiting six
teen, months-for his trial. The prin
cipal -witness testifying his "instiga
tion" was Barancsik, a man who had
been formerly sentenced by the some
court for,, seven months imprisonment
for a burglary. . .The defense claimed
that a convicted? criminal ' according
to criminal ' code - section . 222, could
not be heard. on oath: But the Judge
ordered' the - oath , to ,be administered
to Barancsik. because, :-'tbongh :once
a criminal, he had.attoned by his pa
triotic opinions, and because his -evidence
,-in " this case had proved him
to be an honorable Hungarian." ' -
The . process- of" reasoning : followed
by the Judge may be summed up.; "A
Panslav (Slovak) always lies, a pa
triotic ' Hungarian 'never lies; there
fore the accused Is , guilty." 3r. . Mar
kovic therefore was- sentenced to two
months in prison and three thousand
crowns fine (See page 325 "Problems
of Hungary"') Any. mild expression
of .- ones opinion' .is. "instigation"
against the ruling element -., '
. November '; 190S . Father Juriga, - a
Slovak member of Parliament,, was
sentenced to two years In prison and
twelve -hundred crowns fine, for writ
ing newspaper articles and therefore
"instigating." ; . .
Dec. 1906 Key. Hltnka was sentenc
ed for two, years and. a fine of fifteen
hundred crowns for the same, offense.
On July 1907, three Bohoinjan tou
rists were arrested in Lucky because
they were gathering' facts about . Hun
garisation of Slovak schools. One
of them kept' in prison for three weeks
pending ; investigation. ' , Finally the
Minister at "Vienna intervened-: ';.':,
We can go on with ' facts, old and
new, to make up a masslve.-volume.,
- Especially the history of ballot and
a process at the .elections would be in
teresting to know, as these show that
liberty ' there J is a myth for all but
thet ruling ' element and their , follow
ers.. The biassed statistics of Hungary
show . 5 1 per oent Hungarians and 4 9
per . cent of ' nationalities. Granting
they are true-'At the election in 1910,
. Hungarians .' elected ,433 . representa
tives; the other ,48 per cent nation
alities iwere . able ' tp y elect but nine
representatives.-This -is" due to the
manner and freedom unique in . Hun
gary. ((See: ... Count Apponyi, Cleve
land 1S11) , - : - A y ;.
A summary of political, trials for
the last few years shows that 938 non
Hungarians, mostly for "instigation"
were sentenced, to j28S years, six
months and two days, and fined .148,
232 crowns, j Of these In- 189-190-8
five hundred and sixty were Slovaks,
among them clergymen, doctors, . law
yers and peasants, and many wom
en sentenced to ninety one years,
seven months, and twenty six days
and fined- 42,121 crowns, simply for
expressing their opinions on political
or national problems. ' Mind you, it
does not mean expressing one's views
aa we Americans do. If Slovaks dar
ed to criticise the administration as
sharply as Americans sometimes ,do
criticise their President, it wouldf not
be a political but-a criminal offence
m Hungary. '
In. 1905-1908 fourteen Slovak news
papers had, for not keeping their po-
litical views to. themselves, had forty
three suits,; their editors imprisoned
for eleven ypars, three ; months, and
nineteen days and fined 19,892 crowns
In 1911 Count Apponyi was in
Cleveland. 1 - To an article from the
Slavic people exposing his policy of
despotism in Europe, he answered:
"For years I have fought these peo
ple and I shall continue to flgrht them
till I grind them under my heel.";
' More facts, statistics and informal
tion regarding the political, national
and, peTsiMumt-l liberty in Hungary, can
be had, in the "Social Problems , of
Hungary.", , published . in London - by
Archb. Constable & Co. The author
came tp study the Hungarians from
the view point of their admirer, but
had to change his. views We quote
from hie preface: "I approached : the
subject with the convential views of
a British admirer of Louia Kossuth,
and have gradually and reluctantly
revised my opinions on almost every
problem of Hungarian politics. A,
writer who challenges the long estab
lished belief 'In Hungarian liberty
and tolerance, must be prepared to
meet a charge of prejudice and biaLS.
I have concentrated mv attention-.-ua-
on the Slovaks, whose situation may
be regarded as typifying that of all
the non-Hungarian races, and who
stand most in need of help and sym
pathy. - "Of course no Hungarian Chauvi
nist will believe so calumnious and
fanatical a Writer as myself, whenM
say that this book has been written
entirely .without any feeling of hatred
towards Hungary. . Perhaps In ten
years time ywhten universal suffrage
has let in a healthy stream" of dem
ocracy and present orgy of racial in
tolerance and ; class legislation has
speht itself, it will be possible for a
Hungarian to make admission. ' That
is, however, a matter of comparative
indifference to me, as I - write for the
British, not far the Hungarian- public,
whose tendency to ascribe all unfa
favorable .comments on ; Hungary by
foreign writers either to bribery or to
Viennese spectacles, tempts me to ig
nore their criticism altogether. MyJ
object is not to expose the present
regime but to' show as I found, as
well as to convince those of my coun
trymen who seem disposed to commit
Britain . to-, sympathy with the Hun
garian clique and 'thereby , to promote
an European conflagration- ts prove
to them that Hungarian freedom is a
myth' for all save Hungarians, , and
even for Hungarians, if they espouse
the cause of Socialism or Labor, and
that her ruling classes stand for ev
erything that is anathema to all en
lightened politicians in this country,
whether they call themselves Con
servatives, Liberal Labor " or Nation
alist. The Hungarians . may deny1
Hungarizationr that is only a state
ment, with which to fool ighorant
foreigners. For a year ? it took me ;
now it has lost its effect,'? ' ,
If te groundless statements and
misrepresentations made," were left
unchallenged, over five thousand Slo
vaks ahd' Slavonians of this city can
naturally be looked upon as trouble
making, rebellious clique and as such,
undesirable element. , ' We aimed to,
show b'y facts that some, statements
are absolutely untrue, while for want
of space left? out others, j
"5ye respect true Hungarian gentle
men both here and in Europe, as they
are not responsible for the. sad' state
of . affairs. Even for the mis-guided
and renegade agitators," Slovaks have
more ; pity than prejudice. Their
sympathies in the heart . breaking
scenes of the present war naturally
go to , the land ; of their birth , be
cause their fathers and, their, broth
ers are shedding their blood there. We
all deplore the affairs that led tothat
awful war, and hope that God wyi In
the end bring good out of the scourge
the civilizatian has brought upon it
self. , . '
For Slovaks and Slavonians of
Bridgeport ' '
Signed: v - ' '
t A. E. KOMARA, '
. ' REV.' M. J. GOLOB, .
An ArtisL's Impromptu Sole. "
, Pierre Gwt,' the singer and exqui
site of Napoleonic. France,, was not
merely a glass of fashion and a won
derful, self Instructed singer, bnt an
artist devoted to Ms art "But is the
following," asks Bernard Mlail in his
biography, "an example of sincerity in
art or of love of attracting attention?" '
- Coupigny had supplied him with a
"romance'- to be set to music! When
ever the two met' Garat replied, ,
have not hit upon' an idea as yet".
One day Coupigny was walking down
the Rue Neuye dos Petita Champs.
Hearing a sound of some one running
-up . behind him, ' be turned. It was
Garat, who seised him- by the arm,
dragged him up the stairs of a neigh
boring' house and, halting on the first
landing, exclaimed, "I've got ltS". At
once he began to ; sing 'the romance
through at the' top of his voice. The
inhabitants of" the house began to
open their doors, heads were projected
over the bannisters, finally they began
to approach.! But Garat, having finish
ed, tore dawn the stairs like a monkey,
dragging the bewildered poet with him.
Touth's Companion. -
j. Thrive Without Sunshine.
The doctrine that sunshine is neces
sarily helful and beneficial to the
health is not always, trne. The .Turk
ish men and women upset this theory
completely. Across every .'Window In
a Turkish herac are lattices to keep out
curiosity, and- sunlight. 'The Turkish
women get as little sunlight outside of
their homes as they do inside. -,
At the age of ' twelve the Moslem
woman takes the veil and she is never
seen withont it." - The only chance she
gets to let' the wind blow on her face
is wEen she is seated in the court.
yard and within the walla of her own J
home. ; ,
In spite of the fact that the men and
women get so little exercise and fresh
air .they . are strapping big and hard.?
people. Few Americana can match
them in physique or powers of en
durance. St Louis Republic . ' .
Horses pn the Simplon Pasa. .-
The. horses of the Simplon post
diligence the coach which carries mail
and passengers, to the villages on .the
Simplon pass between Italy and Swit
zerland are particularly well cared
for. The road to the top is a steady
pnll of, fifteen miles' over a macadam
ized track.. The horses are driven at a
fast walk. Five m,iles up they are
watered. At the ten mile station they
are fed about a peek of' black bread
(rye or barley) cut into monthfuls; this
makes a light lunch, sustaining but not
as difficult of digestion as oats. At the
top of the pass, at noon, the horses are
given 'an hour and a half to rest and
are well fed and watered. The return
trip of fifteen miles is made with a
brake on the wheels most of the wy
so that the horses trot freely and
without the strain of holding back.
pur Dumb Animals.
;' . On the Safe Side.
Traveler Walter, .' get me a lamb
chop, quick. .My train goes in eighteen
minutes. Walter Xes, sir. Fifty cents.
Traveler- What? Do you expect me
to pay in advance ! Waiter; If you
please, sir.- lou may be gone before
it's' ready .-Boston Transcript.
Foul Blow, i
. Alice Trust" her! Ton surely don't
think she could lep a secret? Marie
Well, I've trusted her with other
things, and 'she kept them. Boston
Transcript. - '
Hope is the principle, of activity.
tTIfJbout holding out hope, to desire
ne to advance. is absurd and sense-
k -www
y2 Pound
. Bacon
1 Pound
All For
1 r,
Yearling -MUTTON
16 12c
Short Legs
Special For
This Sale
m 1
EiFowls lb 16c gL, BeeliblSc ErE"Roast lb 1 6e I
Burnett Iry Gin hot. . -
Golden Wedding bot. .
Monogram ' Special bot.
Geneva Style Gin bot. . ".
69 c
75 c
'G.O. Blakes Whiskey J OO
Demus Scotcbi. . . V . g j 25
Clarke's Ptrre Rye g B25
Our ' famous Meadow Brook
Creamery always uniform ' In
.flavor and quality. , It lias that
new grass rich. : creamy1 flavor.
For This Sale. 2f
Only VC
Elgine Creamery lb 29c
Renovated Butter lb 27c
Strictly Fresh Eggs ,
doz. , : . . . : : : . ! ; . . 23c
' x " pn tspucAtionAl institution! j
, - , " ; c-HiuP CNf LEARN riORt; flgour
'. 1 , ' ) TfiftT HE G-QE.ST0 XHE 'CIRCUS, IP I
: . 'U-x' ' f iR Wt
Recommendations to Congress for
strengthening the navy will be with
held until the last possible minute,
Secretary- Daniels announced. . v
William T. .Cartright of Cincinnati
was elected president of the Associa
tion of Natural Gas Men of America,
at the convention in Cincinnati.
Coraf Builders. '
Coral reefs and islands are formed
by the coral building polyp. These
animals only live in clear water, the
depth of which is not greater than
twenty-five fathoms, and the tempera
ture of which dpes- not sink below 68
degrees P.
T The Extreme Limit.. !
"How 'did your cake turn out, my
dear ?" -
"Pretty badly, I fear. Even the chil
dren wouldn't have a second piece."
Louisville Courier.Journal. - v
The Secret.
"This is very confidential, Marian." -"Yes,
dear. I shall be most careful
to whom I repeat it." Philadelphia
Ledger. ; s
He who did well In war Just earns
the right to )ejrf djotnsr well in re;T-
BrowoUii' . -
fli lu ' mm . K' ' " V K IT HIV
9 to 11 a. m.
Small Lean
8,000 POUNDS
For This Sale Only
Fancy Cut Lean
Pork Chops. .... lb 14c
Fancy Small Lean
Pork Loins ..... lb 13c
Old Tutch Cleanser .
Bine Tip Matches. . .
Extra. Nice Tomatoes
Fancy Peas
. S cans 25c
. . 4 box 10c
2 cans 15c
. 2 cans -1 5c
9 A.M. TO 1 P. M.
Uneeda Biscuit 3 pgs 10c
V. 2 TO 4 P. M
Best Granulated
SUGAR . . , . : 4 lbs. 25c
Furniture Dealer, Upholsterer and Cabinet Maker. Super,
ior Fabrics for Furniture and Draneries. Tel. 74
Asrents For
" 2 lbs.
f e-
1 1
1 1
IW 'A V H i X 5
" 5v
Fancy Lean
Extra Large -
Pineapples ea 10c
' Fancy Native
Head Lettuce . . , . . . 5c
Native Spinach pk. 13c
Ripe Bananas 8 for 10c
Roasted Peanuts qt. 6c
Fancy Maine
Potatoes ... . . . pk: 13c
; Special For This Sale
' Fresh 'Made ,
Jelly Rolls. . . . . . . ea 7c
Res-alar Price 10c. 1
Fancy Large
Two Layer Cakes ea 10c
Refrular Price 12c' "
Whipped .Cream Puffs
2 for .... .... ... . 5c
Mohican Butter Loaf
; Bread . . . : .... . ea 6c
m A i w t

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