Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER: AUGUST 17, 1915
ENTHUSIASM FOR EIGHT HOUR
--. DAY MARKS MASS MEETING OF
I ;? STRII!'fiGi WARNER OPERATIVES
Throng Cheers ' Speakers
Vho Urge Permanent Qvr
, ganization of '. Toilers to
Get Better .WarBiixz Con-
1 H'i V i'-JiSiV;ViU"i.'..i v ; .. -. . 'raw -
' .s;-,.---.-' .".-" "' : , ''- v':'?' -ti rv.'"'".-'
. Tremejadous enthusiasn(i fpr- ''the
elght-hour-day-moxliied the mass meet-.
tug of the Warner Brothers' Co. girts
'held last night in. Eagles' iiaJl, Kpar
i ly 1,200 ."employes -of -the plant gath-
ered, cheered and shputed and kush
jed.and argued 'over itbe -crisis In the
Paramount ' to everything else., iraa
the sen1Slmiit: expressed in this man
ner toy one girl: - "This Is the first
time wo had o. chance to do anything
In a punchi VTbetfrtnaers quit a couple
of years. agOntoutfChey didn't 'get any
where. Sbecausa they, weren't .backed up,
Nowiitf"IlV together end flome
tiiing"3fir6into - happen. . j.
They1 wereimostly in thevneighbor
hood pfaOvyears.-i 'M"any, towwever,
-weremeaSy.:wc that -and some were
long- OjeJtoitheappiotnrtd. it'-me. they
wereiaitlterJiiB- Manynoiups met on
3fliaiDtwtree.taadAhsre an impromptu
parad-ewVforra"- Theyegirla march -eirforr
' jctt-it - liioui 'V.Main. street
to Wj2iaoaa.veiMie1,,:"thJM;a to the
tiaiU - - - ' ' '
-isnsref soon, -fmeti' and rasanyrassembled
a?e!sieiitlserit. Oa-haMnaSn.flx)r sbt
exal tiaoaseotta'Wiereoonipiiei' and
tfao walls, -wjero:jdSned.''.:wiik She.over
aw"v IaoaQ.ta pr.inainywepan8tan4
iTK?' thk& :3ses; 'fiBJriecided to squat.
m.trl-eas3fclM,onJio,,floori - ,,
i. 7rs" j,aiffIiiilecl soont after
S? A - 3. - t .o ' p' :rm -were
2 .lag ."" jril'-u. JWttei.I orgaaiizer
tion: ST liaatorj Jasper- McLeTy, itrst
vitseMiaSBSiaaontofftho Connecticut Fed
eration 'o Labor; ,-Ira. M Ornburn,
fiieaaliossardzer of ..-the 'State Fedexr
.tka of IborCarl 'Lang; president
of i3raOenral Tjabor ," union: Myer
Omxnfcis. repreEientaldv,- of ithe Hnn-p-srian
: iliuottinSsts;' X.ui U". 1)1 ekton, or-
raniacr;, and EmU Stetoer, reptresen-:
Mtes Scully ''was the? . chairman of
I the moating--' ' She made a.Smel state
I meet of -what-the meeting was called
! for and thea -introduced Mr. .JNe Son. ,,.
" Nelson is- a forceful apeak;er,. Ho
: otftliiwd the situation and.ttcsed unity.
' He said that 'aeermiiiattin to, win
f the eij?ht hour day and relief ''from the
1 conditions of which they complained.
is'loind to ihave Kuccees. He was
cheered at lengith.-.
Jasper McIieTy vEPoie , rusxt. He
. rl ci'tred -that this.effort' Pf the girls
! J ill the- earmarlrJoTjtiov-ement
t ;will bring what has longj (been
(io.r. red. f.-- '
fl 'never Sawxetl.ch, A '-movement in
all my experience la ti)d lalxvr move
ment," asserted ' CJeaneraJ.: Organiser
1 Ornburn, in his address. He assert
- ed that-the spontaneity of it proved
beyond doubt: that .the .girfsare very
sincere in their -demands. t
-1 IiiaHgij -decdanaife .ssfehit ho had
o naxTaft'iH-igWiVKn'Mr. Wax
! ner, and that the latter bad .told him
1 to. "go ahead" into the shop, if. he
! thoufrht he could organize the. girls."
j Jfr. Warner, he said,, asserted that
I there were so many nationalities thecre
! that ; organization was impossible. .,
i Mr. Lang urged ."ther abolition:: of ,all
j national. '. differences;' in 'this matter.
! TJnity, hp declared,' is necessaj-y. , .
i ; Miss Scully addressed the girls. "Top
j can't get anything by..stnlting. Or
ganization, ia ,the only thing that . will
get you anything." r ' ' '
- "Tou can't '' -get i anything without
I fighting," she said. ""A woman , don't
i get her husband's pay envelope i with
' out lighting-." - 1
; Miss Scully toW. of her experiences
j has conquered. She begged the girls
j not to give in, but to fight to the encL
! 6ne announced that the girls should
Join the International Xady XJarment
k Workers, which has a memoership of
1 140.000 in New Tork. . Ija-ter Mjss Scully
j said she had wired to New 'Tork for
j two orgamaers of the garment workers
j and they would be here today.
I The protocol,, which is an agreement
i between: employers and employes rela-
tlve to minor matters that disturb, is
! urged -to -be-estaMtshedi. by Uie organ
j izers. It is wanted ..as a means to
i elimmate some of the matter3 ithat'vex
1 employes in Warner Brothers Co. t
None of the cutters was at theTneet
I ing. They hadn't come iout. but they
were expected to do so today., :. '
After the meeting the' girls gathered
in groups and compared notes. The
"chief -cause of complaint was against
! the system of flnes. 1 .
; . Accord ing-'-ter- the" irirl.ca, tax -of -20
j cents an- hoarr-is levied' pn their sala
I ties for all repair work that is done
'after an "operation" is completed.
! This, it is said, is overdone when the
! repairers attirbute the cause of the
work to poor workmanship. Many
dollars are lost in this manner, it is de
j dared. "-..: ... r . . . .
, . Then : the " girls have to buy their
! spools of thread. The spools costjthem
: 20 cents. This is to prevent then from
: stealing the thread, f ' - - : .
- The girls do not get the mone'y back,
. aaispording to tha statements last night.
They are simply charged for the mate
rial with .which they work, -","'' . '
' Broken "needles have to be. paid for
Sometimes, -one . of the girls said, one
feels that .she will owe-Mr. Warner
something at the end of the week, in
stead of having a salary dua. ; ; . .
Some of the girls said, last night that
when the -trouble occurred in the fac
tory yesterday, the girls were excitpd
and after some had walked out, they
wanted to go to - the- windows. .The
iloors ibetween the ' different depart
. ipentsjTvere locked then,-tiref girls say,
aaid although they had always been
. open to- passage before, the. girls were
not auowea. to use mem. it .was r
threatened ' then.7 they"- sav. that theN
windows would b4 closed if they didn't
keep away from them. ' . , ;'
A meeting was called'for this morn
ing in Eagles' hall. It was scheduled
, to start at'll Selock -at-whicb a com
m.;aa.inni t.i b& awy1iBllwai,'l"lllUinsisting
, of two ;membei,friarfnTfa7:7r' departr
ment. -' ' . ', '. . ;
- X. H. Warner agreed yesterday to
mt a committee to discuss- the mat
Ser. Miss Scully conferred with him
muu iie earn ns wouia wnungiy conr
tftidef any complaints the .girls had to
FIRE EXITS BARRE
?- - GIRL STRIKERS
To scene yesterday, in . Lafayette
street where the - girls assembled af
ter they had left-, thesf actory, . calling
to their - companions to ;coVer . their
machines or quit work, was an im
posing one and peculiar in many ways.
There Was little organization except
that whidh. .Miss Scully.- the interna
tional organizer-of the American Fed-!
eratloD of Lajbor, had co'nducted. It
had not ibeen planned to call a strike
a-t the Wacner Brothers', Co. for some
time.; From one department to an
other the enthusiasm ran. . What is
most unusual in factories, of this kind
the-American born workers were the
first to go -put and they went out in a
body.. TV . . ' .
While forewomen attempted to keep
the girl3 trom talking among them
selves many openly- left their ma
chines and attempted to get out of the
building. In some departments they
were stopped-- even by the closing of
the ifire-'exit doors. I In others they
Wore allowed to depart without (com
ment " . .': ?' .-. ." ..'
The '-Redfexn department, where the
highest skilled labor is employed, was
V70MEII STRIKERS '
TO LABOR LEADERS
Bent "With Toil, Gray Hair
ed Woman Says She Can't
. Keep Up the Pace.
Bent, with toi,and her hair silvetfed
with, years," an,aged woman sought out
the labor leaders in Eagles" hall last
night following the mass meeting or
the striking employes of the .Warner
Bros." company.-' " In 'broken .-English,
she told why she was",n strike and
wny fine nopeu bunwiB nwujui "
Her - nanle,".'forri obvious reasons, : is
withheld. 'She said:! ' - " ,
'Eor seventeen' years-1 have, worked
In .Warnerfs .shop. Seventeen. years
ago, I would.be speeded up :to;turn, out
enough piece-work to earn a fair day's
pay. , .
' "I .drove myself at top . speed lor
years. -Then -"the strain - began to -tell
on mo.-' I- was" slowing upi , Thew- boss
was quick; tosee it. Myl seventeen
years' - service didn't count then.'- I
was too old and too slow. '. j
"They put me 'on another . kind ot
work. . Now I can earn three or four
dollars a week and fhisafter- seven
teen years." i s '
Two other 'wonien-rpiece .workers--'..
were attracted" to the group as the
aged toiler . told her tale. Their eyes
snapped ,yasse"nt to every, word. jThen.
one spoke up:-. ' . ' ; ' t
"I have babies at homathree little
kids. The boss cuts five hours off my
hours for workfs:nd won't pay me lor
whatI lose by t. k ,
"."That five h(A means more than a
few. pennies ftir"8e.- It means bread
for . those kids;, ISf.iey want food and I
must earn T.t fo Ahem.' ';: - - , - .
A bnght-eyed American giH eagerly
poured forth .. her grievance. She was
employed on piece-work. She spoke
with considerable vigor. . -
"They send us back work 'to be' re
paired. It isn't passed by the inspec
tors,, and it comes back to us.' We re
pair it ourselves. 'But we are charged
for it, and that charge-comes out or
fthe pay -envelope that is small enough
wlthdut any deductions."
Some of the girls and older women
were -satisfied with their" own -particular
lot. They , were day workers . .and
the shorter weekly schedule of hours
wouldn't-hit their: ' pay -envelopes.--v But
they stoutly stood jby thfir sisters,- the
piece workers i who--" would loser money,
unless conditions were . remedied.- '
"WeJ re being taken care of all right,"
said one. i . "We get the came pay and
don't, work- as many-hours:1. ; But fwe're
going to stick by tnese girls on piece
work,, because they're being done an
injustice.- - Some--of ?-ns --make -ipretty
good' wages. Some ten," twelve oTfour-"
teen'dollars n, .week.: .. . j ' -a.
Another - day-worker - spoke, up'.; She
was 'a middle-aged woman; and mar
ried A She-"didn't" agree', that ' the' new
50-hour-a-week schedule was all right;
- "They say I shouldn't' kick , on", the
12: 30 - closing . - hour. . on " Saturday, be
cause -.I'm not.' bi. -boardings house girK
You know, the girls in the boarding,
houses object to- the 12:30 closing, be
cause they v would be- late for or miss
aHctgther their noonday meal' en Sat-"
urd ay. . . . . , i ",.
"Well. -I'm not. a boarding house girl
But I am a married woman. And I ve
got a husband who has a right to ex
pete his . meal at noon when he "gets
home ' fvrtm his work. ':.Thfi ', boa rrt in t
house grls aren't alone in their-objec-.
uons on tnis point.- jyiarnea ro'Ks, too,
have a. grievance and it's a real one."!
THOMAS D. BRADSTRlEET
'--X IS BURIED TO-DAY.
. Thomaston, Conn., 'Aug. 17. The
funeral, of Thomas D. Bradstreet,, forr
mer state controller, jand one of the
best known, men in the. political life
of Connecticut, was . held , from .his
late home this afternoon. The Rev.
George. D. Owen of the Congregation
church;; of . which " Mr, : Bradstreet
had been. -a member, read the service.
v; The bearers wer4 -William . A. Ar
mour, ;. F;. L. White, F. ; I..- Roberts, L.
P. Blackmer? James N,- Chatfield - and
Augustus E. Blakeslee, all of - Thom
aston, who had been close friends.
The ' interment wa,s In Jlillside, cemetery.-
-,v s:.r:- ; ,
Thejattendance. of friends of ' Mr.,
Bradstreet was large, and many cit
izens of ..prominence '-, throughout! the
state - were among them. " The ' Seth
Thomas factory, of which the deceas
ed , was general manager, was closed
during the day. The number of flo
ral pieces from individuals-and or
ganizations was large." -
"GOOD WEATHER jJO SWIM"
SAYS WARNER, AS GIRLS ARE
POURING OUT OF FACTORIES
TRY TO, GET
the' first to leave, in ; a body, ,lr They
were quickly, followed . by 'other ;de
partments -. and " at noontime . -'nearly
onethird - of he factory: -was on ; the
street,.- in good clothes: and working
clotheSi ome with ' hats ... on ... their
heads. ad the great majority bare
headed, ' . ; -,
' Here they clamored fori an eight
hour day, shorter hours on Saturday,
'no pay for spools and needles, . anda
host of other . demands v according1 to
the departments in which they work
ed. ' ,
Iuring rth latter part of the after
noon F. J2k 1 Warner and other, office
heads went among them trying to get
them to disperse . to - their . homes and
return' again, today. ' This 'had an ef
fect thattsent about, one-half the num
ber .home, out their ranks were filled
by the girls upon whom threats of
vengeance and bodily harm were hurl
ed by those in the street! -' ,V.
So strong , did these - cries and
threats . become that George S. Hill,
president of the , police, department
favored sending for a cordon of po
lice at once. ... -' . . : . .
FOR EIGHT HOURS
Sixty Men Present Alterna
tive to Supt. John W.
Field at Warner's.,
Sixty cutters employed at the War
ner Bros.', company, - yesterday, after
noon presented demands for an eight
hour day, with increase in pay that
will give tliem a "wage equal 'to that
earned under - tha -50-hour-a-week
schedulp.. ' i -'..i :; v ' v-
To a man,' the:- entire cutting f orce
signed the 'written; demands, which
were presented by a - committee to
Supt. John W. 'Field. TVtr.Field asked
for time tp consider th5 demands ad-
then returned to the men' with a prop
osition offerlnsr an increase in' pay,
but retaining - the 50-hour-a-weelc
sehedule. ( " - . ; - - ,
The men insisted that the eight
hour day be granted. The committee
agreed .to Wait- until this ;morning-f or,
the final decision of the factory ofH
cials. Sh,ouldk th'eir v demands be rer
fused;; they said, they would strike.
Employes; of the shipping -' room,
numbering, between SO and 40, await
ed the decision in the case of the cut
ters. ; '; ir was said that the shipping
room forceps ready -to, iquit1 Should; the
cutters .go ut ''v ";..!:' '- ' AS
Jf 'these two departments went out
practically all the male' employes of
the plant-wpuld be. on strike;- The
machinists are salaried employes,, and
will not be affected by- any change Iff
schedule of hours. , Their work, how
ever,: would 'be at a standstill if the
other employes quit. j
II. A. TIBRALS, PROAIIXENT v
l. ODD FELLOAVS, DEAD
Bristol,' Conn., 'Aug.' 17. Henry A.
Tibbals, of the firm of ' Murray and
Tibbals, and first, selectman .'of the
town for' two years, ' died to-dav after
an illness of two" months. ': Mr.. Tib
bals was invhis ,'3 3rd' year! a native, of
Meriden, ' and '; he ""-came here'' from
Clinton v some -years - ago. 5 In Odd
Fellowship; Mr. Tibbals as known
throughout the state, as he had held
a seat in the sovereign- grand lodge.
Wio ..i f i... 1. ,
J " - . . , -...'mi , o ti. 1 1 , i simei s, Mil -
vive,' , The , funeral will le here on
Thursday and' the' burial in Clintonl ;
LAW TO BE ENFORCED
Sportsmen . Warned That Federal Reg
ulations For Protection pf Wild .
Fowl Must Bp,:Ohserved": - .-'
1 : . - ; - - , , y - :
With the. approach of tlie open- sea
son for hooting wild fowl, the United
States Department .of V Agriculture l is
warning -sportsmen that, the Federal
regulations as amended October 1,
1914, will' .be strictly enforced. Some
misunderstanding has arisen from the
fact that the-various state, laws do not
always conform to the Federal ' rega
lations." This is regarded as unf0rtun4
ate but in such cases,the, department
must insist upon the observance of the
Federal regulations. - .V , -,- . , -;
Federal regulapns divide .the XJnit
ted States into two "zones.- ' Zone No. -1,
the breeding zohe, includes the states
of Oregon, ..Idaho, j Colorado, Nebra-
cl. Q Tr Sn 1 ""t -1 ; ,
.... , i ct, ; . Auuuia, . muiana umo,
Pennsylyonia and New. Jersey, and all
skates north of them.- Zone No. 2, the
wintering zone,' includes , ; all states
south of those named. .
: The regulations prescribe seasons
4s follows: . .. s ' .
VOpen Season for Migratory Birds;
Water fowl,- Sept. l-Dec: 16.,' Ex
ceptions: .Massachusetts, Rhode Is
land, Oott- l-iJan:l; New .York,' Con
necticut, Pennsylvania, Oregon;
Washington, . Idaho. ' .. "
Rail, -coots, gallinules, Sept. 1-Dec.
t: Exceptions: Connecticut, Michi
gan. New York Long Island, Sept. 16
Del, 1- , . '
Woodcock, Oct. 1-Dec. 1. Excep
tions: ': Connecticut, Massachusetts,
New Jersey, Oct. 10-Dec. 1. .
'Shore birds Black -breasted and
golden plover, jaeksnipe, yellowlegs,
Sept. 1-Dec. 16. " ; . .
Insectivorous birds, protected' indefi
nitejy. Band-tailed pigeon3, cranes,
swans, curlew, , smaller shore ' birdsi
and wood chucks protected until Sep
tember 1 1918. - '
, Shooting prohibited between sun
rise And sunseti - j . ; .
I.saetataoaoi '" ", ' -
"A new Italian naval credit of 16,
233,675 was authorized.
Head of Great Corset Indus
try Says Eight Hour Day
May Drive" Him to "Rais
ing Potatoes on Greenfield
1 Hill." ' . -
"It, has been, a 'very ; hot : day", said
DeVer iH. Warner,' head of the; War
ner Brothers' Corset Company when
seen .by.; r.epDrter,. for.; thet Evening
Farmer , late - yesterday,;... afternoon
"and a gpod , swim will be -better; foi
them, than , working ih-,; such., . a hot
day". .. "' :..: y -
Seated in- his office - on the . corner
of Lafayette and Atlantic streets Mr.
Warnerv was receiving reports from
the big factory where groups, of . girls
were laying down their work, cover
ing the machines .with' white cloths
and departing. . ;
. When asked to explain-? the - exact
situation the head of the great, indus
try said : ' . : '
.'On-Saturday last we posted notices
to the-effect that beginning tpday all
day workers would have a nine hour
day 'begfinnirig -at 7:S0 and ending at
5:30 with Saturdays, frpm .7:30" tp
12:30. They were to-be paid at the
rate o( .60 hours for 60 hours, work
per week. , . It was announcedthat
piece workers would have their pay
increased proportionately as the mat
ter could be taken up." ' . ' ;
Mr,. Warner explained that in a big
factory "; such as he is ; running the
average ,mind would understand that
these, changes could not be effected in
a day but would have, to undergo a
gradual change until everything -was
working-satisfactorily. .- .
r The girls had talked' the matter
over on Saturday and the first thing
this morning had begun . to-. ask .the
forewomen how and when their piece
work scale J was to be adjusted., They
had been told that this would be. at
tended to later. Somemore hot head
ed than the rest he said, had started
the ball rolling. ,;-, ,! ; ,
"It, is a hard matter tp adjust a nine
hour day I in a factory ) such ..s this,"
Mr. , Warner said. "One of the com
plaints, thit ;I have heard-shows that
while we have endeavored te consider
the girls we .have, possibly; overshot
the mark. 4 This is the half hour past
noon-time oh Saturday. .. . ' - -
"It ; had- been -brought -.to .our "notice-that
rainy! of .the girls" lived far
away.Vfrom the factory and that seven
o'clock. was too early an opening hour
for them. We therefore chansfed the
our to 7:30. In order to get , a' 50
hour- working week it will be hard to
arrange." the Saturday period, which I
nave since neara. Keeps ..many , or the
girl's from iunching at the bparding
places. ; Still we may be abte to ad
just thiS." . ' (,,.' TV,V'.:
-' .'.'Asked.'.' if any ' further- concessions
would be made to the employes and
particularly if the eight-hour day demanded-
would1 eventually be granted
the -corset magnate said: ' "If others
were: doing the W thlngf (meaning
owners of .ycorsetj factories) 1, suppose
that we shouli ' ' folloW ' if not lead
them, but under the conditions it is
hard to see how such a demand can
be reconciled with' conditions iij . this
itedustry ,1 am afraid that if such a
demand is enforced at this timo I shall
have to. shut up shop and go ;to rais
ing potatoes at Grifeenfield Hill. "Any
how,":, he:, concluded -with .-: emphasis
"it-; is ! too'.nice weather for girls to
work and they will be 'much better.
off, swimming. :. ,. - ; . "
Unless the plans intimated 5 yeeter-:
day are greatly : changed'by the- meet
ings that have been" held" between de
partment heads yesterday and to-day
the- plan will be to keep the factory
open., for such as . wish. .employment
under th" present basis trusting to a
fair adjustment of the scales of wa
ges and piece work prices. If suffi
cient return to make it profitable to
conduct the business the factory will
be operated; otherwise - it ;wiH be tem
porarily closed. " , r -' . :
: - - -T- - '
POKT JEFITiRSON TRIP :
A GREAT DELIGHT v-
"Where can we : go?";'and ""What
ftan. we do?" are two questions which
vacationists and others are continual
ly asking, and they are, two questions
which the Bridgeport and Port, Jeffer
son Steamboat company is success
fully aad satisfactorily answering ev
ery, day inc its "matinee'f excursions tp
the quaint, old island town across the
Sound. To one who has never been it
is a trip of exploration.-. To those Who-
have experienced Its delights it is the
ever uiiangius trip, . wmcn ine raoooa
-.- -"-j fii.ac. 1L. ; XO all
It is pleasure." .-'.: :, ; ..4 ;-
Leavlng the hot city at 1 : 3.0 o'clock,
the sturdy, little steamer Park City is
soon' out of the harbor -and on the
breeze-cooled Surid, its upper deck
eir filled with excursionists who. en
joy every minute of the trip; from the
Ltime Bridgeport light and Seaside
park are lett behind," Stratford shoal
light, commonly known as Middle
ground light.is passed, the sand banks'
of Long Island come more p'ainly to
view. Belle Terre.the select residential
colony on the east shore of Port Jef
ferson harbor is reviewed and the
boat, ties up to the pier. . . - -
Oi the pier well tanned young men
land harbor blues while the excursion
ists, wait for the ganir plank'-to be
run in. The motorists, who -make the
trip,, get their machines off the boat
and hustle away, leaving those on foot
to -take more time to inspect th vil
lage, with its old fashioned houses,
shady streets and stores. "Outside the
street "business", district may be found
many place of business which are," to
say the least, quaint. - Life does not
move swiftly in Port Jeff erson arfd the
sign in the ' milliner's window, "Gone
away, will return next week," mal-,
cates in a way the "pleasures of shop
'keeping there. : - .
It has been an afternoon of- inno
cent . pleasure, which those - whose
tastes have" not been blunted enjoy to
the full and they mentally resolve to
try it again before the season closes.
Adv. ' "
It anyone sees a buncn of fellows
at San Fransico showing, effects of
overwork an melancholia, , it is prob
ably the press humorists attending
their convention. . ' .,
N Custom Sift Suit Sale- 15
SOW IYFORD BROTHERS' BTTY
V Tast gide and West End X
YEAR OF BATTLE
Parish Aug. 17 The "Sacred Union"
of parties, after resisting the tabula
tions of a year of war, and after sur
viving the efforts ot some factions to
distrupt it, has just weathered another
storm. ' t
, The parties pf the left in the Cham
ber of Deputies, including the Social
ists, Radicals, Radical-Socialists and
a faction of the Republican Socialist
party repeated their attack in the
form of a demand for a more' compre
hensive supervision of the administra
tion of ' the affairs of i the War De
partment. '-.They asked for powers
similar to .those held by the Commit
tee of Public Safety during the Revo-lution-r
ths right to send commissions
or delegations j into the zone, of the
operations - to exercise a direct and
permanent supervison over the mili
. .This desired , authority, though not
so extended as the individual powers
given to the commissidners sent by the
Committee of Public Safety .to mod
erate and conservative members to
amPunt to the same thing. Some saw
In it'smply another manpeeuvre in the
.compaign that lias ' been - waged for
months in the lobbies of the cham
ber, against the Minister of War, and
some other members of the .cabinet.
The,pbject was supposed to be- to put
the : government into the position of
refusing Parliament the right of su-
fpervision and, thus, apparently exer
cising a "sort of a ministerial dictation.
The campaign,, started with criti
cisms of the censorship of attacks of
a' political nature, and - it developed
later into an assault upon the sanitary
service and upon the general staff of
the " army. The Socialist organ, La
Guerre' Sociale, edited by Gustav
Herve, ther former anti -militarist who
had adhered to the "Sacred Union" at
the beginning of the war, published
several articles in which it spoke
plainly of the great losses, sustained
by, the French army at Soissons,' in
Champagne, in the Vosges and north
of . Arras while at the same iti.me
minimizing the vjue pf . the results
obtained. In these articles he -plainly
intimated that a chahge in the gen
eral staff was desired, tht younger
generals were required to 'make' the
necessary ; effort, and that by reason
o'f -the' apathy of the sanitary depart
ment Paris was threatened with shol
era , - Most of the papers containing
these artcles were seized by the police
and the effect upon the public" was
negligible.". At the same time," no ser
cret was made in Parliamentary cir
cles of -the. desire of the Radicals ' and
Socialists to get rid-of Mllerand and
Joffre. The chances of different can
didates to succeed them were " even
discussed, the name mentioned ' most
often for Minster of War being , that
of Paul Doumer, former president .of
the! Chamber of Denuties, while Gen
eral Sarrail, already a -candidate for
the, chief, command of. the army before
the-war," was put forward for. Joffre' s
place. , ;..-'".'. ";-""';." -';.'::'-
: This campaign ha'd no press support
further- than L'Homme Enchaine, . of
former Premier Georges Clemenceau,
the- Bonnefy Rouge.',, edited ;. by; Miguel
Almerayda, formerly connected with
Herve's organ in the days of the Anar
chistic campaigns, and thet Radicale,
the organ of ,the Radical -and Radical-
'The different groups of the left Vnet
separately and discussed the form of
resolution; amounting practically , to "an
interpellation to , the governmenet on
this question, with the unexpected re
sult that the Radical party, in which
the proposition orlgthated, was shown
to be far' from' united in is opposition
tothe- government, " The result- was
that instead of the demand for . the
Irijrht of Parliament to 'exercise imme
diate supervision and control of , the
rttnWeitt- services " of the army,' -the
groups decided upon a modified and far
milder proposition for supervision of
the' sanitary department alone undervj
such constitutional restrictions . ' as
made the proposition, entirely acceptable-to
the Minister of War. ' - ; .'"
HOW TO TREAT ;
Ir J Frank Crane Takes a Certain Tick-
; ct Agent as -an Object liesson ;
Almost everybody knows Dr. Frank
Crane as the -writer. of articles con
taining homely truths with respect to
everyday conduct in' life. Possessing
a wide 1 knowledge of human nature
through, his experience as a clergy
man, Dr.i; Crane has been able to point
out little deficiencies in human con
duct in such an engaging manner as
to give his articles'an exterisive vogue.
Recently in one of his littler -talks Dr.
Crane "gave some advice ; on ; how to
treat the public, citing as an object
lesson ; Jim Healy, a railroad ' ticket
agent of Worcesater, Mass., where Dr.
Crane once had a church. This is the
"article. ' j - " '. .
' "Listen! all ye who handle the pub
lic, and I .will tell you . sometmng w,
your advantage. : ' : '"'"
"I mean you telephone girls, street
car conductors",' yraiters at; table, lunch
counter ' atendants, , railway ticket
agents, and brakemen, tellers in banks,
ahd clerks in department stores, and
any'hody else whose business it is to
deal with the members of the common
crowd. - ' .-'.''''.
: vi will take my text from the words
of Miss -JVIinnieTWarner,- -th'e higiiest
paid switchbpard operator of the Chi
cago Telephone Company, as reported
In the newspapers. Said she':
, "Don't -be mechanical. Make every
man 'on the wire 'believe that your
softest "tones are for him 'alone.', Fur
thermore, she said:
'Don't be indiff erenit.' - RJake every
kicker believe you are brokenhearted
because the line Is busy. ' -.'.'
t "I take my hat off to Miss Warner,
and if my wife will let me I would like
to send her a- bunch of flowers.
"It is a great temptation for the
busy (Clerk to drop into machinelike
ways. - It does not require so much vi
tality.. ' , -
'"But it is a mistake I do not refer
to the feedings of the customer,' for
perhaps you may not care a hoot how
he or she feels, and all you want to
do is. to fill your time and get your
wages Besides, you may be so sorry
for yourself that you haven't any sor
row left for customeres. Hence,, we
won't discuss the sentimental side of
the question. ,
"Let us go to the strictly 'business
and selfish side. Do you know that
your greatest asset is being human?
" 'Ah!" you reply, "I'm so tired and
worn out that I have no vitality left
to palaver over people"
"Then put on .politeness. I mean it.
Act the nart. if von rannnt fil It,
FULL TEXT OF U. S. NOTE
TO BERLIN ON FRYE CASE
Following is the text of the
today in Berlin, relative to the
steamer William P. Frye :
"You are instructed to present the
following note to the German Minister
for Foreign Affairs:
, . "Under instructions from my gov
ernment, I have the honor to inform
Your Excellency, in reply to your note
pf July 30, in regard tp the claim for
reparation for the sinking of the Wil
liam P. Frye, that the government of
the United States learns with regret
that the objections urged by it against
the submission of this case to the
prize court for decision have not com
mended themselves to the Imperial
German government and it equally re
grets that the reasons presented by
the Imperial German government for
eubmitting this case to the prize court
have failed to remove the objections
of the government of the United States
to the adoption of that course.
"As this disagreement has . been
reached after the full presentation of
the views of both governments in our
previous correspondence a further ex
changevof views-on the queston in dis
pute would doubtless be unprofitable,
and the government of the United
States therefore welcomes Your Ex
cellency's suggestion that some other I
way snouiu oe. iuuuu iur Eeiiiiii& una.
case. .; , .. ;
; "The two methods of .settlement
proposed as alternative suggestions in
Your Excellency's ' note have been
given careful . consideration arid iti is
-believed" if they can be combined so
that they may both be adopted, they
will furnish a satisfactory basis for the
solution- of , the questions .at issue., . ,
"The government of -the United
States lias already, expressed its de
sire that the question that the amount
of the' indemnity to "be paid bjr the
"imperial German Government under
its admitted liability for the losses, for
the . owners 'and the captain on. ac
count of the destruction of the Frye,
should be1' settled by diplomatic -negotiations,
: and it entirely concurs with
the suggestion of the Imperial Ger-
man government that the simplest
way would be to agree as proposed in
your note, that each of the two govW
ernments designate an. expert and that
the two experts jointly fix the amount
of indemnity' for the vessel and any
American property which may have
been sunk with her' to be paid by the
Imperial German f government " as
stated ton your note. , J
'"It is assumed that . the arrange
ment will include some provision for
calling in, an-umpire in case the ex
perts fail to agree.- - :. '.
. :- "The government of , the , United
From the habit of -smiling, pretend
to be deeply interested in each per-
soni, learn how to make, your voice;
sympathetic, lay, in ' a store of agree
able phrases to hand out to each one.
: "This is 'not hypocrisy It is busir
,-, "Do you realize that it is the human
clerk that is in demand, that . attracts
customers; that stxnds the best chance
for , promotion ? . , r ' -
v'V.The public is' a great baby,! onie
oody said. It's . true, I'm--. one of
'em. , I confess I flee a sour-ball clerk
as I would a soured glass of milk. Why
not humor the' public, then?
"r know - a ticket agent in Worces
ter; Mass, His name is , Jim Healy. I
consider him the best' agent in the
United States. Because "yori can't get
him out of humor.- - I used to go into
his office" aad' pretend to' want a rail
way ticket just to get under his de
lightful influence. ' ,s '- '
- "One 1 day a wealthy and rude old
lady, as some ladies are most likely
to Je cranky when they get old and
insolent when they are of . the first
families in , town, came' into Healy's
office. V He was busy at his . desk. A
pile 'of, letters was stacked up at his
right hands -He was behind m his cor
respondence lin which state of .things
you or 'I would be irritable.
"The old lady drew up a, chair, sat
down, toy him and" with one sweep "of
her hand scattered all his letters over
the floor. ': ' :,;'."" - ''
" 'Now, she said, 'you attend to
"Healy turned 1' around, laid down
his pen, -shook hands with his visitor,
and said!, smiling: - ,
" 'Now, do . you know, 'Mrs. Jones,
you've taken a load jjff" my mind. I
was jurt wishing I could get" rid some
how of these pesky letters. Please tell
me what 'I tan do for you..
."He sold that woman over1 $JJ)0
worth of steamer tickets. --.;'
" "Why snap , at people ? Why show
impatience 1 - Why treat them- with
indifference? It's all in'" a lifetime:
It's aH part- of the game.-: ; '
.'And nine-tenths of your game, be
lieve me, is making people if eel pleas
ant ;'- - '' - V. '
"Are you afraid of 'being treated
like a dog-? . Do you want to assort
your manhood Then assert it by not
descending-'to the yellow-doglevel of
the insolent customer. ,
"Be human!. Because you are a
tele-phone girl you don't have to cul
tivate a pie-crust voice; 'dead and re
pulsive. As a street car conductor
you can say a cheery word to the tired
old woman with a basket. As a 'brake -man-you
can make a whole coach full
of people warm in thp cockles Of their
l;"6e '-human,-. Sade..." even at your
counter in the department store. Take
it from ,e it's money "in your pocket;
besides, you'll think more ; of your
self." '": .''- .'-: A" -' " . ,
... ..- j - "'
WISE AND OTHERWISE
j The warring powers are . willing to
allow that the neutral nations' have
the right to stand around and get hit.
Things are all wrong when your
Wife won't turn the freezer 2 0 min
utes so you can have five minutes'
pelasure eating ice cream. -
There are still some, tourists who
refuse to cross the ocean under the
American flag, as it is too safe.
The crops are going to be ibigger
than ever, but the speculators will see
to it that the country is not demoral
ized 'by cheap food prices. . , i
After an observation ' of ' the man
ners and customs of the swimming re
sorts one can safely say that the .short
age of cotton cloth is. not caused by
the amount -of material required to
make bathing suits. '
Over in Europe they destroy a city,
and then fine it a few millions for getting-
in tb way.,
United States note, deliverer
sinking of the American.;
States notes that your suggestion is
made with the express reservation that
a payment under this arrangement
would not constitute an administra
tion admission that American treaty
rights had "been violated .but would be;
regarded by the ' Imperial . German j
government merely as fulfilling a duty ?
or policy founded on existng treaty
stipulations. A payment of this would.:
be acceptable to the government of
the United States, provided the ac;
ceptance of such payment should
likewise be understood to .bewithout"
prejiidice to the contention of tho .
government of the United States thal j
the sinking of the Frye was without""
legal justification, and provided also' .
that an arrangement -can be agreed-upon
for the immediate submission to;;
arbitration of the question of legal,
justification, insofar as it involves xthS ;
interpretation of existing treaty sti
pulations. , "There can be ; no difference of
opinion between the two' governments :
as to the desirability of" having this:,
question on the true intent arid mean;
ing of their treaty stipulations deter- ,
mined without" delay, and to that end j
the government of the United States '
proposes that the alternative suggest
tion of the Imperial. German govern'
ment also -be adopted, so that this
question of treaty interpretation can
be submitted, forthwith to arbitration
pursuant , to Article 38 of The Hague
convention for the pacific settlement,
of international disputes. ' ,
"In this way both the question oti
indemnity and -the. question , of treat; "
interpretation can promptly be settled
and it will be observed that the . only
change made in the plan' proposed by
the Imperial German government is
that instead of eliminating either one
of its alternative suggestions they are
both given effect in order that both
of the questions -under discussion
may be dealt with at the same time".
"If this proposal -proves! acceptable
to the Imperial German government
it will be necessary also to determine
whether, pending the arbitral award,,
the. Imperial - German ,, g6vernment
shall govern its naval operations in
accordance with its own interpretation
or in accordance with the interpreta
tion mamtamea by ine unitea oiaies,
as to the obligations imposed by their
treaty stipulations, and the- govern
ment of the United States would ber
glad to have - an expression of tha
views" of the Iinperial German govern
ment on this point. - 1 r
, "LANSING." "
NEW RECORD li!
.Berlin, Augu. 17 Unlecs the' late"
summer and autumn" bring some ex
traordinarily: unfavoraable -" weather,
the year 1915 promises to be remark
able for the production "of German
wines. ' Not sfor, . j!0 , years, have the'
prospects along, the Rhine, Moselle, -and
Saar been so glowing, and it looks'
as if the "1915er"7will . come to dis-;
pute honors with the famous "lS93er,"
the best vintage Germany has Jiad in
many a decade, -w - . - '
The 1911 vintage was much above
the. average, hut with this exception
the years since. IS 9 3 have been called -thin
and acidulous. Wines, of the 1911,
vintage are naturally scarce and dear,...
so. it is high time in the interests -of -both
the wine growers and wne lov-
ers, that , another banner : vintage
should come along, i
many was -particularly favorable for
the-vineyardists. The dryness and
hle-h tpmnprahil-w not nr.lv fiirthprpd
the development or tne grapes due .
also presented conditions highly unfa-,-vnrnh
to tbfi dpveloiiment nf the va
rious diseases and insect enemies of
the vine. The latter .'. circumstances
were particularly fortunate this year
in view of the reduced force of labor
ers available for the care of the .vine
yards. .... ' " , . . . ... -
: At this writing the crop is nearly ar
month further -advanced . than., ordi
narily. Hence, when the grapes be
come ripe and the police ofScially
owners, to prevent gathering bef or e.
the crop becomes "edelreif Oiterallj, .
J!'noble-ripe," the "tserries will have .a.
much longer frost-free period than
usual in which to .develop those quali
ties necessary for high-grade wines.
One result "Will . be that the 1915 vin
tage will produce an .unusually high,
percentage of so-called "nature
wines,", that is, wines, to which no su
gar needs be added. " ' -. ' " ;
, Not only does the, quality promise
to be the best since 1893., but the quas-
the gathering of - this bumper crap
there are fortunately, available thou
sands, of war prisoners. from the .wine
districts of France, skilled help .offer-..
iner a. r.omnlete . substitute for tYie- fir r-
man laborers at the front.
The war has caused much less dls-,
turbance or conditions in the wine,
trade than might have been exnected."
in Trip nrsr Tp.w wpplra tft. j-rtTnmntin?i
fell oft greatly ,", but. conditions rapidly
dealer declare that they are doing as
large a business as in normal years. '
In only one respect are conditions".
cnangea. w niie me wine annicers are
urinKmg as mucn wine as usual, icey.
a.j uiiaKing cneaper oranos. . j. tie J . -
.-, . 1 l .. . . 1 - 1 1 J ,i.nlT . '
DUlv ta uiiati, Liie au-uet lit: Ll DIIICLII VVIII
are growing scare, mere is sxm a lair
amount or oraeaux on nana, dux rna
exnausuon. ana. lae uei mau I wi:ies
are practically. all gone. As a result.
LIU, t' IA VUCD . .... J ' . ' " . -' --- . . '
J usl now oeginnmg tu xissts.
jl me oerier graae wuit, uowev5r,'
there is no lack and the prices have-
not been raised. This is particularly'
true of Bordeaux, of which, according
to . competent." authorities; Germany
possesses an aaequaxe suppiyaor air
Adst : two vpars. There are also lare
supplies of port on hand. . Compara
tively little Italian wine is drunk im
Germany. Its lack this year will bs
chiefly felt in Austria and in certaia:
rtifirricT.s or soumern vzermanv. wnic
ordinarily imported considerable quarry
titles of Italian clarets tor mixing -with.
domestic wines. In view, however;,
. , , ; xi ,1 j ., . . ; ..;
want of these imported wines will net
be seriously felt as would be tie can
In an average year, , fr