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THE FARMER: OCTOBER 22. 1915
'7 PARISIANS MAY SAVE WINDMILLS -OF MONTMARTRE k Modern Apartment Houses Are Crowding Out historic ; Frencli Structures. Paris Oct 22 The windmills of ttfoBtmartre the oldest most artistic md characteristic 'monuments of the district, have, some of them, already succumbed, to the modernizing of Paris, or t9 the action of the ele ments; the others are threatened with destruction unless the friends of old ' Paris can get them moved from their preseht sites. v The "Moulin de la Polvriere" was demolished two years ago to give way to the new Avenue Junot. The Moulin Rouge became a prey to the flames last winter and now the old "Moulin de la Galette" which dateafrora the middle of the thirteenth century is doomed to extinction or removal. A modern apartment house with steam heat and baths is going up there now, and the mill, th-e girls and their danc ing partners must go elsewhere. The-"Old Paris" municipal council Committee has decided that something must be ' done to perpetually com memorate the Bohemian days - of - Montmartre and to preserve some of ' its artistic., features. . It proposes to " transfer, .the "Radet" or "Moulin de la Gelette" tohe Place Jean-Baptiste Clement where it will continue to overlook . Paris. Cherry trees are to be planted: around it to commemorate the godfather- gt the Place, the popu lar song writer and author of the "(Chanson des Cerises..' Since the beginning of the war the Maulin -de la Galette has been oc cupied by the .society women of Mont martre as a sewing room "and has produced thousands, of soldiers' gar- mentt. . ' eau J. H. Fhelan and Edward J. Walsh. Those participating will ride to Snyder's Farms, Long: Hill, in new ly made trucks. " American Brains v Reduces Cost of 1 Jfrench Ordnance r Paris, Oct. 22 The French shell .. makers have had some difficulty in obtaining : the necessary ' quantities of steel suitable for projectiles. . . The : largest iron producing region t in France is in German occupation and ;' home production has had to be sup- plemented by orders . abroad, chiefly in the United States.. Besides order ing steel in the United States, , the French shell manufacturers have also bought there most pf their hydraulic , machines for shell forging. Most of ' the shells ordered for France in Amer ica have been unfinished, the finish ing of them: being committed to French industry with the object of helping out -the- sruall manufacturer who : would -otherwise be idle and .', whose works are not equipped for ' the 'production of the shell from start to finish. . The cost of. producing shells has been greatiy4 reduced , since the war1 .began, by the immense scale bri, which they are produced and' by the use of the Tnost moderfi machine tools im ported from, the United States. . t"he price paid for the 3-ineJi shells at the (beginning of the war was equi valent to $,7.60, ' This price has been reduced by 1-3. American makers of larger size- calibres are, it is under stood, receiving for 6-inch shells about $10 apiece. These prices, are : for un loaded shells; the charging of them - is not trusted to the makers from the private contractors but Is done in the private arsenals. All these shells must be made ' with extreme precision for long range "work but for ehort range to pitch shells , at the trenches from , half a. mile to 2 miles old guns can J be used and -cast-iron shells. . j, 'Predict War's End ; w Will Be" Detriment to German Clerks Leipzig, Oct. 12. In anticipation of the end. pf the war," 13 of "the most important ranches of labor in Leip zig have petitioned the j;ity fathers to -, install, . as a separate and distinct branch of the municipal , employment bureau, a department specially for re turning soldiers. , ' " , kStore employes estimatV that be tween 300,000 and 400,000 of their number will come back when peace is declared. . . The number of clerks is expected toj be corresposdicgly large, and the number of technical workers is also very great. The figures refer of finding places for Leipzig's share to entire Germany. ' " The Leipzigers believe that the work of the returning throng must be be gun, now if . there is not to be confu sion and . suffering for many seeking work. ' The mercantile, technical and office, employers of the city are press ing the matter especially, in the be lief that their branches of labor are - going to be particularly hard pressedV In their petition, however, they do not hazard a guess as to when the return will begin. Catholic Theology , Added By Germans To Warsaw College Warsaw, Oet. 22. A theological fac ility, Roman Catholic, is to be added" to the University of Warsaw by the German authorities according- to a re cent' announcement. Dr. Kakowski, th ; Archbishop of Warsaw, is already taking the preliminary steps for estab . lishing the proposed new school.. . The u Diversity formerly consisted of legal, medical, philosophical ,and natural sci ence and' mathematics departments. LOCOMOBILE MEN WILL CELEBRATE COMPLETION , i OF TRUCK NO. 1,000 . The completion of the first thousand trucks built by the Locomobile Co. of America for the British! government is to ' be duly celebrated . tomorrow I throughout that sectiorf of the ' big plant devoted to their assembling and testing. . , - The management has announced that they will arrange for an outing . of some sort and a committee is now working on plans for the celebration. A ball game between the testers" and "assemblers" will- form part of the affair and -it is expected that "Barney Oldfield" O'Shaughnessy,' Michael Baum and Ted Thornton will be in cluded eta. the musical and entertain ment program. . The committee of arrangements con sist t W. H. Sfyorts eeye, J. Davin- The River Through Paris. - Small two decked steamers ply on, the Seine as. it twists its way through Paris.- Tou can catch one every fifteen minutes, and it costs 2 sous (2 cents) ; to go from one end of the city to the other, a distance of perhaps eight miles, and then once outside the city walls you pay 2 sous more. The Selnd river is narrow, dull green and slow moving; not majestic at all, but made picturesque by the life .that is upon it. In Paris it is commerce and artistic beauty combined that bordeV its banks. Within the boats that are moored to its palings are so many dif ferent kinds of existence baths, hos pitals, washhouses, homes, restau rants and lodgings. People live half above, half under the water, and in some places on the Seice for long dis tances these, boats are .moored four abreast and following in line like sol diers on inarch. These are the flattest of boats. When they come up the riv- er freighted their tops are just at the water's edge. The Seine seldom rises or falls very much, as it is held in its banks - by concrete - walls. Cleveland Vu.a Dealer. . 1 j i .. Military Retreats. r " Once at an evening reception in Ber lin some one drew the attention of Moltke to a magazine writer who had compared him, after the manner of Plutarch, to- all the rworld's greatest commanders Alexander,' Caesar, Han nibal, Turenne, Marlborough, -Frederick, Napoleon, etc. - "No," said the great "battle thinker;" Ml have no right to be, compared" to such great com manders, to( I have never- in "all my life had to -conduct a retreat" at' once the most honorable, and difficult opera tion of war, as the Duke of Wellington himself well knew. The hero of a hun dred fights who never lost an English gun, theydtike nevertheless knew none better what is. was to conduct a ; re treat from Burgos and other places and evei to withdraw behind the lines of Torres Vedras till his, opportunity again came for making another thrust. London Illustrated News. . j Japanese Economy. , ; v Among the Japanese economy is held to be a high virtue.rv.Two old misers of Tokyo were one day discussing ways and mean's of saving.' y ' T. , "I manage to make a fan test about twenty years," said one, "and this is my system: I don't wastef ully open the whole, fan and wave it carelessly.' I open only one section at a timet ' That Is good for about -a year. Then! I open the next, and so on until the, fan is eventually used up." ; "Twenty years Sot a good fan!" -Jc-claimed the other. "What sinful ex travagance!5 In my -family- we use a fan. for two or three generations, and this is how -we do it: We open the whole fan, but. we' don't wear it: out by waving it. . Oh, no! . We hold it still, like: his, under our nose; and 'wave ;9ur facey-Everybody's., . v , . . . - i'" Simple-1 Air Pressure Test Any one can demonstrate the prs ure. ,of the atmosphere "by the simple experiment which follows: On the- flat f an iron lay a thin sheet of rubber part of an old tobacco pouch: will do. Place a small, thin lid containing come wadding soaked in' spirits of wine on the rubber and ignite the spir its. - Then ; press a wineglass' down tightly- over the flame. When the flame dies out it will be found that the I two articles are firmly united and mav 1 be suspended by a wire, and some time wfU elapse before they separate. .The explanation is that the flame con sumes the oxygen in the x glass and lowers the pressure when the greater pressure of the atmosphere squeezes the articles together. Exchange. The Carding Bee. ; The carding bee Jives in holes among tones and roos, making nests ; of moss -lined with wax to keep -the wet out, with a. long gallery to approach i;. The bees find a bit , of moss, and sev eral of them get in- a roW, with their backs toward the nest.- The foremost bee then' lays hold of the moss, pulls it up with her Jaws and drives it with her forefeet under her body, and as far toward the-next as' possible, when the. next bee does the same thing. . By this means many tiny heaps of pro pared moss are -got to - the -nesh where other bees weave it into the structure. A 8tudy In "Bears. . In Yellowstone park the brown bears retreat hastily from, the hotel garbage piles , when black bears heave in sight,, and the latter in turn promptly get themselves gone at the approach of the silvertips. It is an interesting little'so cial system, established on the primor dial basis of fear. ' X Only Room for One. . Lady How could you be so foolish as to put anything on that newly paint ed table? . Maid But I saw Mr. Jones lay several articles - there. Lady ' What of that? If iny husband makes a jackass of himself he has a right to, but you haven't, you stupid creature! -' Managing a Woman. Napoleon, statesman and hero of a hundred battlefields, once remarked, "To bring a chit of a woman of my own family to reason I must needs de liver harangues, as long as if she were the senate and the council of the s'tate together" - , -' J - ; ' it Might Be Worse. . Poet I fear I haven't written any thing that will live. Friend Look on the -bright side of it. Be thankful that you are alive in spite of what you have written. London Opinion. . The barriers are not erected that can say . to aspiring talents and industry, "Thus far and no farther.'-' Beethoven. Beans. . The common everyday bean is a na tive of South America and was intro duced into Europe, -..whence it' was brought to this country in the sixteenth century. It is now represented by more than 150 cultivated varieties. " . Alaska's Fish.' Of the 300 or more species of fish in Alaskan waters fewer than a score are utilized by man -as food. i An Important Sale o $5.00, -$6:85, i Girls Goats . at 5 ijj 5 Commencing Saturday -r - -. V r . - . . Sizes 4 to 14 The Styles Every coat is new, as they have just hemi received from one of the foremost Children's Goat makers of New York. , Six of the many models illustrated. Others equally as smart in effects, as. excellent in workmanship and finish: The Models Above Jllustrated Mpdel lix Zibeline Coats. . . . ... . Model 2. Corduroy Coats . . Model 3. Knap of vLamb Coats . Model 4.! Cheviot Coats ....... Model 5 Chinchilla Coats .... . Model 6. Corduroy Coats. . This Model in sizes 4 and 6 onlyr , Sizes 4 to 14 The Materials The most practical warm Win ter fabrics represented in the lot. Such as . Zibelines, Chinchilla, Corduroy; Plush, and Ural-Lamb. They are attractively trimmed with contrasting trimmings of , Plushy Silk ; and Fur. Many gar ments lined with warm linings. Blue, brown and gray , are the most desirable shades for1 children that are represented in this lot. 'X Girls' School Dresses TXZJES 6 TO 14 in Wash Fabrics at 85c to $2.00 Beautiful Blouses at $3.00 land 15.00 - They come in Repp, Poplin, Galatea and Gingham, Pink and Blue and Tan. . , -:'"'. '" : . Serviceable Serge Dresses at $2.00 to $5.00, in Blue, Wine and . Brown. and Combination Plaids. ' Afternoon Gowns $19.50, $25.00 and $29.50 ; ' Beautiful models in a variety of styles that are so fashion able in New York, embracing the 'most desirable s materials:" Plaid Silk, Chiffon Velvet, Broadcloth, Satin Striped Marqui sette. Many'fashioned with fur edging. The newest ; shades represented. . . . Embracing the most desirable styles and fabrics of the season. - ' "' L " . The Blouses for $3.00 - Striped Challie, Voile, Plaid Tffet.a and Crepe de China The $5.00 Blouses Also the newest models in Georgette Crepe and Taffeta, Plaids, Chiffon and Lace- Special at $5. " 5; For Women, Misses and Juniors at $29.50 and $25.00 Plushes, plain and trimmed. . A . . Smart Mixtures and Plaids ..... at $12.50 and $15 at $6.85 Sport Coats of mixtures in various shades, sizes 13 to 44. IRISH PEEX BOGS PROVE GOLD MIIVE BY SCIENCE'S AID London, Oct. 22. -Jack's celebrated boajistalk is likely to rivalled by Prof. W. B. Bottomley, who has astonished agriculturists here with niant rrnwn in neat treated with bac- Iteria. He believes that the same pro cess can be applied to wheat growing as well. r Prof. Bottomley of King's College in the Strand, has been conducting his experiments on the roof of " his college building in the very heart of London. The method by which he doubles ajid trebles the size of plants and .their fruit was the result of a long line-of experiments. He started inoculating the soil with a culture, of bacteria obtained from the root- of leguminous plants. Soil so treated, it was found, greatly increased the nitrogenous matter in the earth and produced more nodules on the roots. Peat was found to be the best medium for the bacteria. Prom 1 8 plants fed on the bac terialized peat, Prof. Bottomley tut 72 cucumbers weighing a pound each after a 20 days' growth. - Sixteen pounds of tomatoes were taken from one vine. ; "There are thousands of acres of peat in Ireland which could by bac terial treatment be ' converted into a rich manure and at least double the productiveness of the soil' said the j professor. "Incidentally, it ' would I give Ireland a new industry, for its practical inexhaustible supplies . of peat would provide all that is re quired for the rest of the IJnited Kingdom." The government has made a grant few continuing the experiment. It is claimed that the automobile habit is a menace to public health because it leads people to" give up walking. t But just- think of tho splendid exercise in jumping enjoyed ' by the great mass who still do not own machines. . With the world's series ol er, the in telligent American public, will now resume the reading of the headlines on the war news.