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THE FARMER: NOVEMBER 14, 1916 GREAT NEGRO MIGRATION DU LURE OF RETTER General Exodus to Northern States Threatens Industrial , Life of the South Race Finds Brothers In North Are Receiving Double the Pay of Negro in the South Fear That They Will Be Promptly Lynched By Mobs If Ever Arrested on Suspicion of Criminality Con tributes to Desire of Colored Man to Flee. E TO WAGE AND FEAR 1 The Business Short Cut The quicker, shorter, surer, more profitable way to trans act business is via WESTERN UNIOIT Telegraph Service It discounts distance and overrides delay. THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY r HOME HEALTH CLUB J (Edited by Dr. David H. Reeder, ; Chicago.), PROGRESS IN DIAGNOSIS: It is quite probable that the greatest step forward in finding: out disease cond'.- ' tions has been made through the care ful and painstaking work of Dr. George Starr White of Los Angeles, Cal., although Dr. White has given full credit for the first discovery of the Electronic method of Dr. Albert Abrams of San Francisco. To be able, in the very beginning ; of such cases, to correctly diagnose such diseases as tuberculosis, cancer, syphilis, pus formation and others of that nature without being forced to rely upon the symptoms as explained by the patient or by the observations of the physician through physical ex- aminatiom and laboratory tests is cer : tainly a long step in the right direc tion and is alm6st beyond our com-, prehension or belief. . During the quarter of a century : that I have been teaching people how f to get well and' how to live right ! I have had many letters from persons i that complain of insomnia when in ( certain bedrooms and quiet restful I sleep in others. Investigation has ; nearly always shown that the bed in i which they could not . get restful sleep was so placed,, that the head was toward the east while those in whijch they slept well was toward the north or south. . The ETlectronic discoveries ' of Dr. Abrams fully explains the why and the wherefore, while Dr. White's i WOrit gUWS - 31X . LU ucuiuuouaio : why I had ' such great success in the i treatment, many years ago, of various lights. I quote the last part of an article by rr., White published in ! Clinical Medicine for April. . That colors play a very important : role in thephysical world no one dis i putes, but, it was only of late that we ; had a way to prove easily that colors play, an important part in the human economy. . We will not go into this ' subject of color, except so far as i ' pertains to our subject, Electronic . Diagnosis." ' We think Dr. Abrams was the flrslj one to utilize colored screens in given by his teaching we have tried to go farther, and the following are ; some of our most recent observations. 'We hopeothers will go on this great J work and reveal to the profession all ' the facts possible relating to diagnosis and therapeutics along the lines laid down in these papers. Yellow, as well as photographers ."safety color" seems to have an en tirely, different effect upon the emana tion of human energy than, do blue or the colors of shorter wave lengths. We mentioned above that the right hand of a. normal female and the left . hand of a normal male would produce the visceral reflex under certain con ditions. Now we find that the polarity of the male and the female is reversed for,an hour or more if either drink a yellow liquid such as tea, saffron wa ter, orange juice and the like. If 6ne Ingest a red or blue substance, such as red beets or a blue coloring matter, immediately after ingesting the yellow observed. j ; Since having discovered the effects of the magnetic meridian upon the re flexes, we have tested, a limited num ber of persons suffering from tuber culosis and syphilis, and find that if they stand facing due north or south no visceral reflex is obtained. In these cases we find that, if the disease be tuberculosis a yellow or a "eafe : Xy" colored light shed on the bare ab- domen will produce the reflex and a ' blue light will not. If the case be one of syphilis a blue light shed in the J same way produces the reflex, while the yellow light will, not. This dis 1 covery is too recent to be made the 1 subject of a complete report now, but : we mention it in order to aid others in "! working out diagnostic datar In his book, 'Spondylotherapy,' fifth edition, Dr. Albert Abrams mentions that the sex of an unborn tchild can ,j be determined by the polarity of the ; mother. This we have found tobe true, but we have also discovered that, , ; if the mother ingest any yellow sub J stance, the polarity, is changed for an . uvur oi ou. x LcLing poiarity. or i persons .make sure that they have not eaten or drank anything for at least . five hours prior to the examination. Reasoning from the old writings of 'some obserrs of colors, we conclud ed that' the colored-sunlight-water should change the reflex. We put .: some distilled water in an amber bot- i " uu ici ii, BLtiiiu in me suniignt lfor a whole day. We then let some ;men and women drink a little of this j&mbereau. Within three minutes the j polarity of each person was chang ed, and it remained changed froni I one-half to two hours. This shows what an incalculably sensitive meth od we have at our command for diag nosing disease and observing changes in the human energy. The 'visceral reflex of Abrams' is an epoch-making discovery in medi cine, and we urge all those who can Jfco perfect themselves in this work and thus simplify diagnosis. Eventually we hope to find new methods along these lines for curing diseases." CLUB NOTES. I will gladly answer all inquiries for information on health subjects from readers of this publication if same are addressed to Home Health Club, 5039 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111. Send full name and address with 4 cents postage. Dear Doctor: Will you please an swer the following questions: Would you advise a man 60 years of age, en joying good general health excepting tomach trouble and constipation in a rriild form, whose teeth are so bad that he cannot properly masticate his food, to Have them extracted and substitute artificial ones? I should think it would be. extremely painful if ' not dangerous to have them ex tracted. I have never had any teeth extracted, but have several broken off at tits gums. However, I seldom have toothache. " I have used tobacco since boyhood. t Ans. Decayed ; or partly decayed teeth are frequentlyvthe primary cause of stomach' trouble as well as constipa tion. I should advise you by all means o go to an honest and skilful dentist and have the decayed teeth and roots removed and a good set put in. Of course, artificial teeth can never be made as good as natural ones but good artificial teeth are vasly to be preferred to decayed and infectious roots and stubbs. Te pain and even danger is as nothing when compared to the pain and danger of a disordered stomach and the constant poisoning of the system by decayed teeth. The ability to masticate the food properly will give you great comfort and in crease your health. One of the great est mistakes of humanity is the fear of not having enough to eat. At your age there is much more distress from dn, overindulgence in food than from too little being taken. " A person past 50 years does not require as much food as at 10 years and all that is eaten above the amount actually required to sustain life and health is a serious detriment. ' HOLLAND PREPARES TO GIVE POOR BOYS COLLEGE EDUCATIONS The Hague, Netherlands, Nov. 14. -The University Extension move ment has taken root in Holland and The Hague in the, form of a "Volks," or People's University, which pro poses to , throw open the doors of higher education to the slenderest purse. This movement early made its way in America, and has subsequently spread widely in . Europe. The idea has j been in the minds of Dutchmen for a quarter of a century, and to some extent put into practice, but it took definite and concrete form when the first Dutch "Volks" University be ban its courses In the capital, Amster dam, in 1913. This institution prov ed a big success and the war brought It yet more students, for many of those thrown out of employment en tered the university. , The Hague has now followed Ams terdam's example, and just inaugur ated its People's University. Seventeen hundred students have already been enrolled A charter was granted to the Brompton Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd., with a capital stock of $9,000,000. A National Oouncil of Economics is being organixed by Mr. Cleiuentel, iFrench Minister of Commerce. BAD COLD? TAKE ' "CASCARETS" FOR BOWELS TONIGHT They're fine! liven your liver and bowels and clear your head. No headache, sour stomach, bad cold or constipation by morning. Get a 10-cent box. Colds whether in the head or any part of the body are ffuickly over come by urging the liver to action and keeping the bowels free of poison. Take Cascarets tonight and you will wake up with a clear head and your cold will beg one. Cascarets work while you sleep;t hey cleanse and re gulate the stomach, remove the sour, undigested food and foul gases; take the excess bile from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and poison from, the bowels. Remember the quickest way to, get rid of colds is one or two Cascarets at night to cleanse the system. Get a 10-cent box at any drug store. Don't forget the children. They relish this Candy Cathartic and it is often all that is needed te drive -old from their little systems. Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 14 The negro migration from Alabama to Northern and Western states was giv en momentum by the activities of the toll weevil and the summer floods in the cotton district of the state. .The progressive little insect that disheart ens cotton growers struck hard in Lower Alabama counties this year, and floods literally washed away crops. Negro tenant farmers were a"dvised by their landlords tolook out for themselves until spring, when a new crop can be planted.- The Birmingham mining district was asked to take, care of many or the poverty stricken negroes frpm the cotton or black belt. It was ' about this time that the Pennsylvania and Erie railroads were urged to stop re cruiting laborers in Georgia and Flori da. The labor agents turned to Ala bama at the psychological moment and did a lively business for several months, with the result that more than 60,000 negroes have migrated to the north, east and west from the state. County upon county has been almost deserted by negro men for the coal fields of West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana and the great industrial centres of New York, New Jersey, Michigan, and Illinois. It was the middle of September before the business men of Birming ham realized that the state was losing its negro workmen by train loads. Between 10,000 and 12,000 colored people left Birmingham. A mild protest was uttered by local papers, but the "big howl" did not come until the recruiting agents be gan to carry away trained coal dig gers from the mining district. Mine operators In the vicinity of Birming ham employ 20,000 negroes, most of whom receive wages ranging from $50 to $100 a month. . In a ontest with white union la bor several years ago the operators of the Alabama mines won out by em ploying large numbers of colored men. It was believed at that time that the labor troubles of the district were over for years to come.' The employers never dreamed that any body could come in and induce' their well paid negroes to quit their jobs. But the inducements offered by northern labor agents reached all classes of southern labor, demoraliz ing mine workers as well as oth ers. J, Law Against It, . About the middle of September at tention was called to the fact that Alabama had a law prohibiting the soliciting . of - workmen under ' certain conditions. It reads: "Any person doing the business 1 of an emigrant agent without having first obtained a license as required by law shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and,' upon conviction, shall be. punished by a fine of not less than $500 and not more than $5,000, or may be impris oned in the county jail or sentenced to hard labor for the county for not less than four months nor more than one year, within the discretion of the court." Another section of the law reads: "Any person who entices, decoys or persuades any apprentice or servant to leave the service or employment of his master must, on conviction, be fined not less than $20 nor more than $100; and may also be imprisoned in the county jail or sentenced , to hard labor for the county for not more than three months'.' The publishing of t&is law, accom panied by an announcement that it would be enforced, served to frighten the labor agents but did not stop the migration of negroes, which was in full swing by that time. . ' . The labor agents had travelled through the black belt and had made it known that employers in the North, wages to all negroes applying for East and West would give increased work. Money for transportation was pro vided for thousands of men, and train load after train load of negroes left the state by night, and no prosecutions were started. Reasons for the Exodus. B. A. Brown, a leading business man of Birmingham and a native of South Carolina, gave The World cor respondent the following reasons for the departure from the South of so many negroes: "First, the negro likes to rove he is of a roving disposition and will give up a hundred-dollar job in a mine to take' a thirty-dollar one on a Pull man car, so he can ride and travel from place to place. "Second, the negro resents the road and street taxes put ipoh him in counties and municipalities. An an nual tax of $5, called a street tax, is required of every man in Birming ham. A negro would rather go to jail 10 days than pay this $5, or work it out on the streets at the rate of a dollar and a quarter a day. Such a tax interferes .with what he considers is his 'freedom.' "Third, the fee system in cities and towns, which gives an officer so much for; arresting and presenting a man for a violation of the law. For in stance, a negro who is caught shoot ing craps does not like to pay a fine of $5 and, costs, amounting to $10. Prohibition. laws weigh heavy upon the negro from his viewpoint; he -sents them. "Fourth, the negro has been told by the labor agents that negro men mar ry white women and negro women marry white men in the North; pic tures of negro men and their white wives have been exhibited in Bir mingham. The agents also make cap ital of the fact that negroes attend white theatres, moving picture shows, schools and churches in the West and vote in the states in which they are invited to work." . "Started a Year' Ago. ; James I Davidson, speaking for the miners of Birmingham, said that the negro movement to the.Njorth started in a small way about a year ago when the mines of Jenkins and McRoberts, Kentucky, and various places in West Virginia, eent out agents for labor. A number of negroes taken to West Vir ginia from Alabama became dissatis fied awd returned to their old posl- tions. . Some of those returning charged that they had been held by force in West Virginia; they were kept in stockades and given no money. The second movement, which he ad mits is still on in full force, com menced last April. Mr. Davidson said a careful inquiry into the situation revefd that many of the Southern negroes went to De troit, Akron and Chicago. Agents, he explained, would deliver the negroes at one place one day and in the course of a short while take them on to some other state for another "commission." "There are two reasons for the suc cess of the present movement," said Mr. Davidson. "First, the negroes' everlasting desire for a free ride, and second, the gullibility of the negro." Mr. Davidson saM that the negro is misled by labor agents, who claim there is no car shortage in the mining districts of the West and North and promise steady employment. It has also 'been held out to negroes, he add ed, that they can vote and "buy beer in the North,. Stories to Frighten Them. Some labor agents soliciting negroes started all sorts of stories to frighten them. In lower Alabama, where the agents were thickest, ignorant negroes were told that the white people had decided, to "drive all the negroes out next year," and their friends of the North had sent for them to prevent their being killed or driven , out Dr. Ulysses Grant Mason, a leading colored physician of Birmingham, talked with the correspondent about the migration of the negro. "The average negro who has ac cepted the offer of work n the North and West at an increased wage," said Dr. Mason, "considers it a promotion. Many negroes who have left Georgia and Alabama went to Connecticut to work in the tobacco fields, to take the places of foreigners who returned to Europe to enlist for the war, or native white men who quit the farms to go into munition plants. For several years Connecticut, tobacco growers have been experimenting with negro labor and have found It very satisfac tory. f . "The Northern and Western em ployer has never, up to this time, given, the negro of the South an op portunity to show his ability to work. Te has preferred the foreigner, who was brought over for a busy season and then permitted to go back in dull times. Long-Awaited Chance. "The war has given the negro the chance he has longed for for years, and I believe he is going to make good. Negro laborers do not strike and they are first class workmen. In the North he will have more advan tages and his children better schools. "I have received a number of let ters from negroes who left Birming ham for Detroit, Chicago and other points in the North and West, and most all of them indicate thai those accepting work in the new localities are satisfied. One man In particular, whqk was making $2 a day here, is now receiving $4 a day as section boss on a railroad In Illinois. There are many similar instances. "The negroes are still leaving Ala bama by the hundreds every day. The movement needs no advertising now, and If the labor ( agent should drop out entirely laborers will find their way to positions in the north, east and west. Those already establish ed there are sending' money for their families and friends to join them. "The laws passed by southern states depriving the negro of theb'al lot have caused great unrest in Ala bama and other states. The negro wants to exercise the franchise. He resents Jim Crow car laws, and other restrictions , peculiar to this ' sec tion. -. s . "I( haven't heard of a single In stance of a negro going north to vote in the last election, but I do be lieve that as soon as the laws of the various states permit they will help to make more permanent Republican rule." Fear of lynching. Ben "Davis, a" negro politician of Georgia, thinks that a number of ne groes have left his state because of fear of lynching. "When in Detroit recently," said Davis, "I saw Georgia negro carpen ters making 60 and .70 cents an hour. I think the explanation of the pres ent migration, which Is growing rap idly and will. tby the middle of next April, be a great exodus, is to be found in the increased wage. Yet I feel that many negroes have left law less counties of Georgia because of the fear of being mobbed if charged with crime. Two women have been lynched In Georgia this year and the negroes are quitting the counties where mobs operate by the thous and$, : ' "There is no politics in the present movement. Negroes who left here months ago are writing back, telling in glowing terms about the money they are making and the treatment they are receiving. This information Is stirring up the negroes throughout the south. Ten or twelve thousand have already left Georgia, three thousand departing from Savannah at one time. "I believe that the migration will prove helpful to the south and the negro." '. on- Columbia. Records . . If 6Pr5Kv9.rt tS Mil -r -r -w- 1 1.1 f 1 I tXi HE whole enchanted realm of grand opera, with all its splendor and wealth of beauty, comes to life in the pure, rich tone of Columbia operatic records, ' Lazaro, Fremstad, Sembach, Mardones Garden, Macbeth, Gates, Marr, Goritz are before you, in the full glory of their great voices when you hear their wonderful Columbia Records. To hear these records is a real revelation: 48747 ( LTAFRIC AN A O PARADISO! (Oh Paradise 12-inch on Earth.) (Meyerbeer.) Hipolito Lazaro, 3.00 I tenor. Orchestra accompaniment. SIEGFRIED. NOTHUMG! NOTHUNG! NEID UCHES SCHWERTI (Sword Song.) "Noth ung! Nothung! Conquering Sword." (Wagner.) Johannes Sembach, tenor. In German. Orches tra accompaniment. ' DER FREISCHUTZ. DURCH DIE W ALDER. (Thro' the Forest.) 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Sonnenberg Piano Ctt.. 1056 Main St. The Bazaar Store, 465 East Main St. MEN GERMAN AIR USING EXPLOSIVE BULLETS ME SATS American Aviator Fighting for France Thinks Al lies Too Lenient GRANDMOTHER'S MEDICINES Our grandmothers were wise in the virtues of the herbs of the field. They used-to pather and store roots and herbs and use them to cure the ail mentsof their families wormwood, thoroughwort, sage, rue, camomile thg' list might go on and on of the healing plants with which they made us familiar. Now their grand-daughters get the extracts from just such good old roots and herbs, from the nearest druggist, ready prepared for use. One such medicine, which women find best for their own ailments, Is the well-known Lydia E.P4rfkham's Vegetable Com pound. Adv. JUST ARRIVED DUTCH AND FRENCH BTJLBS. JOHN RECK & SON Paris, Nov. 14. "It certainly looks as though the 'Boches' were after us," said a member of the American Es- cadrille, who is in Paris on six days' leave. "As soon as the Escadrijle, composed entirely of Americans, was formed last spring and sent to Lux. euil, the Germans came over and raided the aviation field there, al though the French airmen had used it as a base for a long time, and had never been attacked. "Then we were moved to the Ver dun sector," this man said, "and as soon as we had arrived at Bar-le-Duc that town was raided by the 'Boche' aiators, who dumped tons of explo sives on it in the course of their half dozen aerial attacks. "Then a few weeks ago we were transferred back to the Vosges, and as soon as we arrived at Lmxeuil again the i'Boche aviators raided it. The very first morning we were there, .mind you, although they had not dropped a bomb on the place since we had been gone," he declared. Now it is rumored that the Amer ican Escadrille is to be shifted again. The men hope to get to the Somme front; indeed they confidently ex pected they were on their way to par ticipate in the. great allied offensive when they were told they would leave the Verdun sector. "One thing is rather good news for us," the aviator continued. "That is that we now have information, ob tained, I believe, from a German pris oner or else found among papers In a captured German division base, that American aviators are not to be shot summarily, if they are captured. "Heretofore," this aviator said, "it has always been understood that the Huns would shoot any American In a French uniform that fell into their hands, without a trial just a drum head court-martial and then a firing squad. They shoot any Alsatians or Lorraines that they capture, and that is the reason why men from, these provinces are seldom allowed to get in the fighting lines. "And we have absolute proof," he said, "that the German's shoot a good many Foreign Legionaires on the ground that men in the Legion volun teered to fight. A Foreign Leglonaire whose right arm haft been amputated at the shoulder and was repatriated to France by way of Switzerland as serted that 23 of his comrades, who had been captured unbounded, were shot. He escaped because the shell that shattered his arm blew off all his clothing, and also his identification disk which showed his regimental number. He kept his mouth shut. He was dazed anyway, and was sent back into the interior of Germany before they had a chance to find out he was a Legionaire. Then, of course, the Germans , have been killing all the Senegalqpe they captured, but for tunately they haven't captured many of the black troops." What is particularly exasperating to the American aviators, however, is the fact that German airmen continu ally use explosive bullets, in direct contravention of the Hague Tribunal agreements, and that captured avi ators found with explosive bullets In their machine guns are not punished. "Look what the 'Boches' did to poor Chapman,"" continued my in formant. Their explosive bullets tore a hole as big as a plate in poor Kiffen Rockwell's chest. And they tore Balsley all to pieces; at the American Ambulance they have extracted the pl.mger that made the bullet explode from Balsley's thigh. COTTON USED IN U S. Washington, Nov. 14 Cotton used in the United States during October amounted to 555,349 running bales, exclusive of linters, compared with 500,762" in 1915 and for'the three months ending Oct. 31, 643,293 bales, compared with 1,463,892 a year ago. JUST ARRIVED DUTCH AND FRENCH BULBS. JOHN RECK & SO OUR NEWTOWN NEWS LETTER (Special to The Farmer.) Newtown, Nov. 14. Return has been. made to Oscar Pitzschler, regis-v trar of vital statistics for Newtown, of the marriage, Nov. 2, 1916, of Homer Clark of Zoar to Mrs. Sarah Wheeler' Hall of Camden, N. J. Rev. Tim othy Lee of the Congregational' church, officiated. Austin E. Hurd has returned fromj Roosevelt hospital, and is resting comfortably at the home of his moth-i er, Mrs. Mary Hurd, Gas street. A. P. Smith, delegate from then Congregational church, is attendinglj the state conference of 'the CongTega-, tional society at New Britain. The regular meeting of the Grange tonight will be "Visitors' Night." A full attendance is requested as delega tions from neighboring granges have promised to attend. All the operators at the local tele phone exchange, have received postals from Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Shepard, postmarked Harrisburg, Pa. Nothing definite is given as to when the new ly wedded couple will return. A dance will be given at St. Mary's hall, Sandy Hook, by the A. C. club of Bridgeport on the night of Nov. 17. Reams' orchestra will furnish the music for the evening. John J. Northrop and other rela tives in town havo received the sad intelligence of the recent death of their cousin, Arthur Lamberton, of Brooklyn, N. Y. The Taunton young folks will give an evening of song and story, Friday evening at the "school house. A good time is promised all. . Daniel K. Hendrlckson, formerly a Long Island Railroad brakeman, was run over and killed at Locust Valley, L. I., by a passenger train. The National Bank of Commerce in New York will ship $1,000,000 In double eagles to Uruguay on the steamer Hilarius, sailing November 17. ' i ".