THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 12, 1917
. BRIDGEPORT EVENING FARMER
. (FOUNDED 170.)
j PubUabed by The Farmer Bubhshinc Co.. 1 78 l-'alrfleld Are.. Bridgeport. Conn.
QAUT. . . .SOo month, $8.00 per year WEEKLY, .f 1.00 per year In advance-
PHONE f " PHONE
BUSINESS , I M I EDITOR IAIj
Errant. Griffith A Fredrlcks. New York. Boston and Chleace,
Only Evening Newspaper of Bridgeport Carrying
. Associated Press Service.
MONDAY, FEB. 12, 1917.
Al SCANDALOUS JUDICIARY
T HE JOURNAL-COURIER, speaking particularly qf the
situation of justice in New Haven city court, which is
torn by the biennial fight tver who shall be judges, truthfully
declares: . '
i" . .. v The real subject "of the. controversy was the right of the Re-
v i, publican organization of this city to name the two judges whose
,' duty, it, will be to determine the destinies of the poor devils, male
V and female, whose weakness of character or subnormality bring
A them into the police court. The listening committee was told in
, detail that the ( town committee of this community, not the two
' town committees, but the' Republican town committee, had taken
the vacant judgeships under careful consideration and decided that
two specified members wf the bar were in their opinion the' best '
f men fori the jobs. The question of the legal ability of the jcandi
t dates approved was not discussed, nor the presence in them pf the
judicial composure so necessary in jurisprudence. Not at all. The
".v -committee had leaked int(4 the political requirements of their fa-.'."
- vories and found them satisfactory. ; It was riot denied that the
- ' - judges to be beheaded hive made excellent judges. ' , . . . f
Something needs to be done by way of reforming the petty
judiciary, who have become at once a nuisance and a threat; too
, .frequently the hypocritical and complaisant servants of the
worst elements in Connecticut public life. . ' ;y;
f ' The , city court ring, an unofficial combination of petty
judges, town court prosecutors and the like, is - a sordid, and
!;, odorous element in the General Assembly
A count of city court judges and city court proseciitors who
have got into the senate, or onto the judiciary committee is ap
palling, as showing the part that a single group of , place holders
.have come to take in legislative process. i ' .
v. : ' The New Haven court is but one taint of scandal. The whole
system of petty judiciary is a scandal, which tends to make the
very, name of judge no longer respectable. . V
" s . Year after year the time of the Assembly is occupied, the
. pourse of Jmported business impeded, and the ears of the people
, , Offended by the enaless quarrels, of tjie. satellites of petty jus
tice, who, inhabiting the legislature in' numbers, regard noth
ing as more important thdn the matters relating to their own
. jobs and eniolumehts.' '. r " ' f v ; :
The better class of lawyers, and the judges of 1 the great
' courts, see very clearly what a contempt of justice exists in
these squalid contests, and in a legislature filled with "judges"
and prosecutors. Who draw often, : salaries which they never
- did earn in private practice. Yet affect that their services are so
' valuable, the, pubUc compensation is noi adequate, and most of
. ' their time, is devotea to '.private practice. ? l
There is a' simple way to stop this sort of thing; Let the
f governor, or the superior judges, appoint these , petty judges.
' Let them be appointed by civil service methods, and hold, dur
ing good behavior. Let them keep out of the legislature. .Let
' them be paid reasonable salaries, to devote their entire time to
'the service. : ; ' ':. ' ( :':
' i . r ' lit's get rid of a justice colored by 1 politics, and practiced
, by politicians, whicti pays high wages for poor work, and taints
, .the whole system of "government. , V '
Yi--WVA": MILITARY TRAINING -
, flT HE COMMITTEE ;:on Military Affairs has reported to the
" JLS v .Senate a nilLtoj train youth; for national defense. . The
'principle that the citizen owes to his country the duty to serve
in its defense is one of the oldest in American history.
i It is iri the foundation of most of the state governments, of
which Connecticut may be taken as a type. The citizen is a sol
dier, subject to1 call from the time he is eighteen until he has
passed; his forty-fifth year. The governor is commander-in-;
chief, of these soldiers in law, who at anytime may be called to
' 'be soldjers in fact.;. " j : V -V': , .. ' '-i' . '.
I The Federal government was organized on the same idea,
with thepresident as commander-in-chief. Thus was the civil
power, set above the military power, and the citizen himself con
stituted as the pbtentianal national army.
, While the truth that tjie states and the. nation rest upon this
ultra military theory of a democratic army has escaped atten
Ction, it is nevertheless true. v ' " 7 Y
. " Every man able-bodied in the United States, who is a citi
zen, or who has declared his intention, to become, a citizen, is a
member of the unorganized military power of the United States,
and subject to call upon the proclamation of the president.
-' The bill pending in the Senate adds little to the military ob-
". ligation of the citizen; except the duty to be trained. . : ;
The able-bodied citizen of proper age is potentially a sol
dier, is subject to call' and must respond if . he is, called. The
new statute is a proposal merely to train men to intelligently
perform the duty which America has immemorially laid upon
their shoulders. V ' ' ' ,
The proposed bill would train about 400,000 young men each
for six. months, annually. The training would be given in the
nineteenth year. The citizen soldier would return to civil life,
but would remain in the reserve until the expiration of his 28th
year. ' . - . ' . ". .. .- ! '!
f At the end of .nine years there would be more than 3,000,-000-
men of sound body; and excellent training, well able to de-
, fend their country, but not liable to be called on for duty abroad,
and relieved from any employment to suppress strikes and. the
.like. . : ; '
The bill seems to be an intelligent extension of the princi
ple' that democracies must rest upon the military power of citi
zen soldiers, rather than upon the protection afforded' by a great
organization of professional soldiers, employed as a standing
LINCOLN'S BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY
conclusion, that shows nothing and proves nothing.
There is often profit in considering what sjiould be done un
der some precept which a great man has uttered, but even this
is a doubtful aid to conduct. For times changed, circumstances
have to be met as they arise, and the best mannered precepts
often fail to behave when confronted with conditions occurring
generations later. j
A really great statesman divides his work into two parts. He
has ideals which lie hopes may prevail. He speaks and educates
for those ideals. Here is the domain of. principle.
But on the practical side of his work, in dealing with tha
emergencies of now, every great statesman is and must be an
opportunist. ' ,
Lincoln, were he now alive, one might suppose would be a
pacifist as a matter of belief and hope,, but an opportunist as a
matter of necessity.
It is living men, who have the duty who will determine
what must be done. In their minds are the ideals to which Lin
coln contributed, but they must act and move as, when all thing?
are considered, they must. -
It is the living Wilson, and the existing Congress, carrying
out the wishes of living men, wiio must guide America in this
crisis. What Lincoln would have done is powerless to change
or rub out a single thing. .
MRS. SKEFFINGTON'S STORY
I N ONE OF Bridgeport's leading playhouses two audiences as
sembled, yesterday. The one of moderate numbers, but
middle-aged and thoughtful; the other, of younger people seek
ing adventure. . ; ' !
In the afternoon was a talk upon conditions in Ireland, by
Hanna Sheehy Skeffpgton. In the evening, the usual picture
show, with its mock romance and its pretended tragedy.
Mrs. Skeffington story of the murder of her husband, by
British officers, was a tale more tragic than films, tell.
Sheehy Skeffington was an editor in Dublin, who in an en
tirely constitutional way had agitated against Irish enlistment.
He was arrested, .maltreated and shot down in cold blood,
without justice and without trial, with' two other editors, atro
city almost Without parallel in the history of modern Europe.
Through the activities of Mrs. Skeffington, Mr. Asquith or
dered an investigation. The commission appointed to hear the
facts found that Skeffington had oeen muraerea, ana. oruereu
the responsible officer into confinement as a lunatic.
The well supported facts unfortunately show that the atro
city was not the act of a lunatic, but that it rested upon circum
sances which must have had the approval of the military party
in Ireland, which afterward was most reluctant either to have
the facts, come out, or to punish the guilty.
It was a grievous error. This wrong has estranged Ireland
from Britain, at a time when John Redmond had all but healed
the breach between the two peoples. Irish enlistments have al
most ceased,,and a large army, that might otherwise be used at
the front is required to keep Ireland pacified.
S. OF V. CAMP
Seventh Annual Feast Will Be
Attended By Men From
j V All Over, State.
Representatives of the 36 Sons of
Veterans' camps? in the state will at
tend the seventh annual Lincoln ban
quet which will 'be given Wednesday
evening at The Stratfield under the
auspices of Franklin Baltlett camp,
No. 11, of tnis city. Arrangements for
the affair are complete and it is ex
pected that it will be the largest ban
quet ever given by the camp. Wil
liam T. Church of Chicago, commander-in-chief
of the order, will be
the guest of honor.. .
Other guests will be: Division Com
mander of the G. A. R.. H. J. Seeley
of vthis city; Division Commander of
the Sons of Veterans, Robert T. Al
corn of , Hartford; Division President
of the Women's Relief Corjs, Mrs.
Catherine Carried of : Middletown; Di
vision President of the Daughters of
Veterans, 'Mrs. Maud Ford of Milford;.
Division : President of the Ladies of
the Q. A., R., Mrs. Catherine Gregory;
w-, ' s
TTJ UBLIC COMMENT on Lincoln's birthday seems, today,
Jl largely an attempt to say what Lincoln would do if he
were now alive and president, or what he would have done if he
had been confronted with existing condition while he was pres
. ident. , , :. vA ; -. . ' -"' .
Lincoln is honored, and his birthdayis celebrated, for what
he did do. - Nobodyr so far as history records, gets a celebration
for what he would have done, or for what he may do if he should
be born again.
Reasoning about what a dead man would have done is foot
less. It is a pursuit that leads nowhererthat ends in no useful
ROBERT T. ALCORN,'.
Of Hartford, D1. vision Commander,
Sons of Veterans.
Division President of the Son's of Vet
erans' Auxiliary, Mrs. Minnie Older
shaw of New Britain; and Mayor Clif
ford B. Wilson.
Commander Charles Munich , will
make the address of welcome follow
ing the ceremony of placing the flags
about the speakers 'table. Judge Carl
Foster will be toastmaster. , Last year
for the first; time women were invited
to the dinner and this proved such a
popular innovation that it will be con
tinued this year and at all future ban
quets. The Lotus Male quartet of
Boston will sing. Judge Frederic A.
Bartlett is chairman of the committee
Other members of the committee are :
B. L. Graves, Thomas McCool, R. H.
Hart, W. C. Han C. J. Byrnes, Past
Division Commander W. H. Hart, L.
W. Lord, F. L Chapman, Judge Pat
rick Kane, L. N. Woodward, Thomas
Webb, Commander Charles Munich,
G. C. Wright and Walter G. Moore.
The officers of Franklin Bartlett
camp are: Commander, Charles Mu
nich; senior vice -commander, Thomas,
Webft; junior vice commander, C M.
Stephens; patriotic instructor, Wil
liam 'H. Hart; secretary, Walter. C.
Hall; treasurer, Walter G. Moor
The birthday of Abraham Lincoln
will be observed today as a legal hol
iday in many of , the states of the
Union which it was . his mission to
preserve. . Lincoln was a man- of
many virtues, and ' these will be ex
alted today, but not the least of these
were his compassion and - his deter
mination. The bitter hatred of most
of the Northerners for the men of the
South was .not stiared by Lincoln, and
yet no man was more determined than
he to fight the war out to its decisive
conclusion. In these days of war
fare the concluding . paragraph of
Lincoln's second inaugural address is
well worth repeating:
"With malice towards none, with
charity for all, with firmness in the
right, as God gives us to see the right,
let us strive ont to finish the work
we are in; to bind up the nation's
wounds; to care for him who shall
have i borne the battle, and. f or his
widow and his orphans; to do all
which achieve and cherish a just and
a lasting . peace among ourselves and
with all nations." !
' Peculiarly appropriate to the pres
ent period in the world's history, too,
is Lincoln's, famous letter, to a
"I have been shown in the files of
the War Department a statement of
the Adjutant-General of Massachu
setts that . you are the mother of five
sons wlio have died gloriously on the
field of battle. I feel how weak and
fruitless must be any words of mine
which should attempt to beguile you
from the grief of a loss so overwhelm
ing. But I cannot refrain from ten
dering to you the corisolatiqn that
may be found in the thanks of. the
republic they died to save. I pray
that the Heavenly Father may assuage
the anguish of your bereavement, and
lave you only the cherished memory"
of the loved and lost, and the solemn
pride that must be yours, to have
laid so costly a sacrifice upon the
altar of Freedom."
Take advantage of
these low prices and buy
a serviceable robe , for
the auto, i You need them
in the car all seasons of
the year. '
ALLSG RUBBER CO.
1126 Main St
m d. w.
There is at present on exhibition in a specially prepared
location in the Read Furniture Galleries, the famous paint-
The Return from Calvary
This picture is an art treasure and is worthy of much
study. It is arranged in a position where it can be seen un
der the m6st advantageous conditions and is quite free to
he. people of Bridgeport. The clergy, school teachers and
schools are cordially invited to come and see it.
For Lace-frilled Gowns
Point d'esprit Nets in pastel shades, a
beautiful assortment, 45 inches",
$1.25 and $3.50
Metaline for linings. This gives just
'. the required fascinating glint, 36
! inches, $1.25
Chiffon Cloth in all fashionable color
ings, , $1.39 and $2.00
. . k . . Lace Section, main floor.
' A New Collar ?
It helps the winter blouse or frock
on the way to Spring. 1
Many new styles are now on tiew
and the embroidered Crepes are very
suggestive of Spring.
Collars are of generous size. Plait
ings, tucks, hem stitching and edges
of real Venise or Filet lace appear.
Vestees with dainty flower sprigs
embroidered in color are shown.
AAomen's Union Suits
A fine grade of mercerized cotton,'
in two models.
Dutch neck, elbow sleeves, ankle
Low neck, sleeveless, ankle length.
.'.;. . '' $2.00
A most satisfactory garment.
' Main floor. "
A clever girl once said that by put
ting on a handsome string of beads or
a fine brooch with her busines
clothes, she could "dress for dinner."
That trick will be easy this season,
for wide scope is given to color in
jewelry. Inexpensive, too.
Chinese Necklaces, odd beads of Ori-
ental cut' and color linked together
in odd ways, from $3.50 to $5.00
Chinese Pendants, a jade circle set in
metal (jade is lucky) with mystic
Chinese inscriptions, r $1.25
Chinese Pins with jade, . 75 cts
J ade Armlets with filigree ball : con
taining perfume, 75 cts
Oriental Earrings, pendants with col
ored stones, $1.00 and $1.25
Brooches and Bar Pins, 75 cts to $1.75
Oriental Pearl Earrings,$2.50 to $5.00
An interesting1 group.
, ? Jewelry Section, main floor.
Attractive styles in ' ,
T" : J
Black. ( at $3.95
v to close out
Formerly up to
Little "Bloomer" , Dresses
and Rompers for Children
An entirely new line of pretty lit
tle Bloomer Dresses in light blue,
pink and tan chambray trimmed with
plaid or plain white, ,
I Ages 2 to; 6 years.
f feompers and Creepers for ages 1
and 2 years. . tl ;
59, 65 and 75 cts i
Secnpd floor. ;
Two of the greatest men of modern
times, Abraham Lincoln and Charles
Darwin, were born on this date in
1809. This is also the birthday of
George Merideth, English novelist
and poet, 1828, and Peter Cooper, fa
mous philathrnopist, 1791. "Georgia
Day" is celebrated in the Empire
State of the South, this being the an
niversary of the landing of the first
colonists, under James Oglethorpe, in
1733. Hate to tell, but Mrs. Alice
Roosevelt Longworth is 33 years
KENTUCKY HONORS LINCOLN.
Louisville, Feb: 12 Kentucky for
the first time in its history will legal
ly celebrate the birthday anniversary
of Abraham Llncqln, today. In vari
ous ways the memory of .the emanci
pator will be honored by residents, of
the state in which he was born. The
last session of the general assembly
of Kentucky made Lincoln's birthday
a legal holiday.
FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE . BROAD ST.
CO-OPERATIVE car fare for customers
UU-UriillAil V j profit SHARING WITH EMPLOY-
( SHIRT WAISTS.
We have just received a large shipment of Waists
for Spring. There are sixteen styles, all made of fine
material and with'the newest collars. Most of them are
white, but there are a few. stripes and one style in black.
These Waists would bring ordinarily from $1.25 to $i;50,
but we offered them all at 98c.
1 Farmer Want Ads. One Cent a Word.
ONLY 48 BELOW ZERO.
Watertown, N. T., Feb. 12 The of
ficial thermometer here registered 22
below zero this morning, "the coldest
weather of the winter. Potsdam re
ported 36 below and Tupper Lake re
ported 48 below. .
' ' 1 ' r
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