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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 12, 1917 - i it o5Financcf :Reai Estate Irasiiip&r&ec oj - - - . - ( . v j gggssagsg FINANCIAL ;orld of Finance TT. - SriaB. " V : ; J , II "sin ilt ' m m HENRY CLEWS WEEKLY LETTE A new and, It is feared, final crisis I has 'developed in our relations with j Germany; and unless her present sub I marine policy is moderated, u single ! overt act, may precipitate war. . Us ! ually the severance of diplomatic re lations is followed by; hostilities, but Germany has shown so'me hesitation j in adding to her numerous enemies land should this spirit hold, it is yet possible that such a calamity may be 'avoided. This cpuntry plainly does ! not want war. That conspicuous fact haw' been amply proved,- by4 the for bearance of our Government' to a de- ! gree that often provoked adverse crit icism or other nations, luez us nope hope that it may not be our lotu to add fu to the conflagration-now devas tating Europe, and tjiat instead we may be left free "to lead in hastening the'-return of peace. ' : Common prudence, however, dic tates ample preparedness on our part, j In case of hostilities,, our fleet would I be immediately available, and could co-operate 'with, the Allies." Our aid in thi respect would be prompt and valuable On land, it might be some months before we could render vital assistance. , There is practically no chance, of invasion -. in the United States, though Op. considerable guard ing; force would b required at horAe. Toi send over even a ; half ; a,; million of well seasoned . and properly trained men wouia require , a consiaeraDie I period, while the , forwarding of a million or more would be a still great er vtask owing to ' the difficulties of transportation and equipment. The most efficient first aitt we could offer the Allies would be . co-operation of ' .th& American fleet, a, prompt and am j pie' ' supply of munitions ror France, ! Italy and Russia, and more liberal fi- nancing of these nations in order to 'assist Great Britain, which has taken on the brunt of financing the Allies., , We could also do . much , in building f new merchant steamers with all pos sible . energy- in order to replace those " v destroyed by submarines. Such efforts would be quite as advantageous to the United States as to the Allies. These 'vessels could e constructed 'for strict . . ly American owners,' and if properly , 1 managed would constitute a very profitable investment for the nation as well as the owners. Such an enter- T prise would, be simply taking advan tage of a grand opportunity for the immediate establishment on a firm basis of the United States as a tnari time, power. For several, years ' to .corhe ocean tonnage will be scarce and freight rates high. No such at tractive, opportunity ever occurred in our history, and American enterprise should be quick" to take proper ad- V . vantage. '. ' : ' -' '' The continued weakness of the stock market is significant. This week it has been largely due ' .to foreign liquidation. Such declines are usual before the beginning of hostilities, partly as a result of timidity and "some times., in' order to anticipate necessary . wap financing, s In this case there has been extensvie '-, foreign , selling,- both British, and German. - The British selling was due to the paying of de mand loans from prdceeds of the re cent $250,000,000 loan. This trans action released considerable collateral which has been steadily offered for sale; A The most important source of weakness, however, was probably . ' from German sources. The result of German selling was distinctly notice " able'-in foreign, exchange. - tylarks ad- , vanced sharply to over 70, owing to . the 'demand for remittances, it being .'understood that fully 75,000,000 marks was f purchased this week. ' Previous " to this foreign selling, . the market weakened on expectation of a cessa- .tion of war orders .which are becom- ing less frequent and less profitable than in the early stages of the war. To some extent the stoppage of for eign munition orders will be offset by ' domestic orders from the American -' Government for preparedness. Some of these contracts are already beingj - -m , , j I piacea, anq in event or, our enienng the war such orders will of necessity accumulate more rapidly. To cap the climax in the security markets there " is a strong bear v party which, encour aged by a successful campaign of several weeks, is disposed to push its advantages to the utmost. When ' peace negotiations began the market . was heavily overbought. It is now in equal danger of becoming oversold, in which case a sharp rally would follow any favorable news, or when the un favorable has been amply discounted. Aside from the war, home -condi-: tions are generally favorable. Trade is in sound condition, but much hesi- Ntancy prevails owing to the great un certainties of our International rela tions. The steel industry is fully occupied and seems assured of abund ant orders,'-- peace or war, yet hesita tion is marked in many directions. ' "Not a few concerns have offered their establishments to the Government in , case of war, and the mobilization of industry to a war basis would be. ef fected with much less derangement than two or three years ago. Our textile industries are equally perplexr ed as to the future. Large orders for woolen goods are expected for the army, but manufacturers are at a loss as to the "securing of wool supplies ' which are scant and dear. In event of war, -the Government will probably commandeer all American grown , wool.. Transportation is another ser ious pro oiem,- me dei-anjjement rJ export trade,, freight embargoes and scarcity of ears adding to the trou bles . of shippers and' manufacturers. s Whether the Government would un dertake control of the railroads in case of war, is a " matter of conjec ture. As yet there is no . apparent need of such a step. It may be taken for granted, however, that in order to facilitate moBHization, our Govern ment will take on many of the activi ties in production and distribution which were, forced upon European governments as war measures. "What Washington will do with the several important measures on railroads, reve nue, etc., now before it, but over shadowed by the greater international problem, remains to be seen. This session expires March 4th, and it is hoped the country will be spared an extra session. Manufacturers and distributors alike, are perplexed by many grave problems. From the eco nomic point of view, the high cost and scarcity of raw materials is be coming an increasingly serious mat ter. The same is true as to labor. Meanwhile, profits in many cases are already seriously threatened by in ability to check. growing expenses and an increasing unwillingness of con sumers to pay current high . prices, which are already beginning to visibly check, consumption. The money market is well supplied with', loanable funds and rates are easy. A government loan to the ex tent of $500,000,000 or more is talk ed about ,in case of war, but these figures, which are not official, create no uneasiness among bankers, who are confident that any necessary loan would be easily and promptly taken. Our banks are in an exceedingly strong position as evidenced by. the low rates of discounts prevailing in all parts of. the country. The Feder al Reserve system is working admir ably and has strengthened immensely our. banking resources. Recent liqui dation has addd to the supply of loan able funds, excepting, of course, the shipment of gold to South America and elsewhere. Even if w escape war and issue no domestic loan what ever, Europe must continue a heavy borrower in this market for a long time to come, simply because this is the most available banking reservoir in the world. Such demands will make themselves felt more conspicu ously when- peace arrives,- as unques tionably the industrial facilities ot this country will be freely called up on to aid in Europe's, reconstruction. As an illustration of, how rapidly . New York is growing as" a financial center, bank clearings recently touched the high record of $1,218,000,000. This total was swelledxby operations con nected with the $250,000,000 British loan, but on three other , occasions bank clearings at New Xork passed the billion dollar mark. GG CONTEST There was a real race for honors in the "fourteenth - week of the laying contest at Storrs. A pen of Rhode Island Reds entered by George W. Harris, Westport, Conn., managed to get first place by a' margin of one egg, laying a total of 49 eggs for the week. Obed G. Knight's White "Wyandottes from Bridgeton, R. I., and A. P. Rob inson's White Leghdrns from Calver ton, N. Y., tied for second place with 48 eggs each. Merritt M. Clark's Barred Rocks from Brookfield Center Conn., Merrythought Farm's White Wyandotte's from Columbia, Conn., A. W. Rumery's Reds from Danville, N. H., and Jacob E Jansen's Reds from North Haven, Conn., all tied for third place with 43 eggs each. The total yield for all pens -was 2,634, a gain of 132 eggs over. last week's yield -but nearly" 33 less than the corresponding week a year ago. A bulletin shortly to be issued by the Storrs Experiment Station will have the following to say concerning the growth of laying competitions: Since their inception five years ago, laying contests have been conducted by endowed schools, agricultural high schools, poultry associations, boys and girls poultry clubs, newspapers, ex positions, and other organizations. For the purpose of comparison, however, there have been considered only those contests conducted at ior by the sev eral agricultural -colleges or experi ment stations. Five years ago there were two such contests, one at Moun tain Grove, Mo., the other at Storrs. In these two contests, there were en tered 1,140 birds representing 31 states, and the District of Columbia, and including one pen from Ejnglaid and six from the Canadian provinces. At the present time there are seven such "Contests located at Pullman, Wash.,-Mountain Grove, Mo., Fayette ville, Ark., Lexington, Ky., Newark, Del., "Vineland, N. J., and Storrs. In these seven there are entered over 4,000' birds of - 40 different varieties, representing 35 states in the Union,, and including 14 pens from England and twenty-four pens from the provin ces of Ontario and British Columbia. The three best pens in each -of the principal varieties are as follows: Barred Plymouth Rocks. Jules F. Francis, W. Hampton each, L. I. 407 Fairfields Poultry Farms, Short Falls, N. II ' . . . 385 Rodman Schaff, Fitzwilliani, N.H. 279 White Wyandottes. Merrythought , Farm, Columbia, Conn. .... i . 436 A. L. Mulloy, Waterbury, Conn. 364 Brayman Farm, Westvitle, N. II. 336 Rhode Island Reds. Ja6ob E. Jansen, North Haven, Conn 430 Hillview Poultry Farm, St. Al bans, Vt 400 Geo. W. Harris, Westport, Conn. 400 White Leghorns. A. P. Robinson, Calverton, N. Y. 536 Hilltop PQultry Yards, Suffield, Conn 458 J. O. LeFevre, New Paltz, N. Y. 447 ) Miscellaneous. Koshaw Farms, (Buff Rocks, Grar.by, Conn ; 393 Cloves & Sullivan, (Buff Wyan- dottes), 'Hartford, Conn 362 Obed G. Knight, (White Orping tons),' Bridgeton, R. I .-. 357 Most extraordinary clean up sale of reliable fur scarffs and muffs in black fox natural raccoon, black narobia, natural skunk, natural opossum and many other furs at half prices at E. H. Dillon & Co.'s, 1105 Main street. Adv. 4 FUNERAL DESIGNS AND BOUQUETS JOHN RECK & SON INTERNATIONAL . B Reasons vvny 1011 Mioma consider .y Vf)I!n n, nAnn,.i.t ' Investing in Florida Lands Now 1 Because it is a big money maker, for the hard worker, the man of brains. 2 Because the price is within the limits of any average thrifty man or wora, 8 Because its people are congenial, home-loving, hospitable; good neighbors and pleasant business associates. " 4 Because its climate is equable and delightful the year round, assisting in lengthen ing life by encouraging good health. 5 Because its fertility is wonderful, producing crops almost unbelievable to those ac customed to the short-growing season and average yields of the North and West. 6 Because Florida is growing very rapidly in population,- improvements, (such as $13,000,000 of new roads, etc.) new business establishments; railroads are being extended; towns are being established and grow rapidly everywhere. 7 Because it is a Wise, substantial .investment that in time Is sure to increase re markably in value, and which, if properly cultivated by men of energy and fore thought will produce splendid returns every year. 8 Because we are offering lands on the most reasonable terms ever known in real estate 60c per acre down 50c per acre per month from 5 to 7 years to pay for your land. No taxes. - No interest to pay until a deed is issued to you. We give you. six months to inspect the land, then if you are not pleased we will return your money. This is pur confidence in the land. Join Our Bridgeport Colony in Florida You can easily meet the very liberal terms of 50c per acre cash and 50c per acre per month; ar.d the prices are only $30 and $40 per acre. (No interest to - be paid.) Think of owning a rich fertile farm in this beautiful land of orange groves and palms you can have these and many other pleasures. Come in and talk the matter over -in a friendly way no obligation to buy. Here is a good chance to learn about the beauties and possibilities of Florida, and spend a pleasant hour this evening. . v ' ' . . Florida Farms and Homes, Inc. 8 7 Poli Theatre Bldg., Bridgeport. Open. Evenings. Write or phone (Barnum 7710) ARABS WORK IN PARIS STREETS AND ON FARMS - Thousands From Algeria Fighting for France and Taking Up Labor of v Peasants, j ' Paris, Feb. 10 Sixty tall Kabyles, mountaineers from . Eastern Algeria, descendants from the hardy and re doubtable race of Berbers, have lent a useful hand to the solution of the Paris street cleaning problem. Garbage boxes that are now set out of doors in some quarters as early as 10 o'clock in the evening, to the dam age, of a great many shins in dimly lighted streets, are encountered in other quarters as late as 3 o'clock in the afternoon, all on account of the lack of help. Paris thus has been enjoying 17 hours of continuous con templation of city refuse that is stirred, shaken and overturned In the meantime for rags, paper and bones. The Kabyles have done so Well toward remedying this situation that 300 more of them will be utilized in the work.- "There. are now 20,000 of our peo ple working in France for the na tionaidefense," says Si Salah Ahmed, Caid or governor of the Douar Maat kas of Tizi-Cozou in Jjabylie. "Neither the climate nor the conflict daunts them," he added. Si , Salah' was' sent by the 9,000 inhabitants of his Douar to tell the French government it may count upon them for anything ' it wants. The experiment of Algerian help in the field and factory in France has been a great success. These men, particularly those from the .mountain regions, have wonderful endurance, are very industrious and easily con tented. They are working alongside other Mussulmen from Morocco and Tuhis, while a great many others are in the ranks of the Algerian riflemen at the front. They have proven . a great deal more Effective than - the Senegalese in this climate; they have shown quite a taste- for farming, have learned quickly the use of machine j:ools in factories, and. their appren ticeship in municipal work has per haps been the greatest success of all. The Annamite3 from the French colpny of Indo-China, also unskilled, have been quick to learn and are probably more fastidious in their work than the Kabyles; as gleaners in the harvest field last summer, they were said to have never overlooked a spear. The Moors are better fighters than they are farmers, yet they are taking to agriculture and French observers who are watching the experiment look to the result of a most beneficial influence upon the future agricultural development of Morrocco. The question was raised , in the Chamber of Deputies recently as to what complications might develop from the presence of so many Colo nial la'borers in France at the end of the war. The general sentiment was hat no apprehension need be enter tained on this score, and that it was even less menacing than the formida ble extension of the use of women in mechanical labor. The Kabyles, Indo-Chinese and Moors, it is said, will, after they have laid up a little money, be glad enough to go back home where their savings will enabl them to play the "nabob." Nearly every ship arriving from Al for beautiful illustrated booklet on geria now brings more of the Kaby les, who are more and more counted upon to solve the question of labor. They are taller than the average Al gerian,; with features resembling. somewhat those of the peasants of Central France. They are not uni form in complexion, some being dark and some light, with fair hair. Their language is the Berber, although they use the' Arabian letters. The possi bilities of the; experiment may be judeged from the fact that Kabylie is the most populous part of North Africa,, having 158 inhabitants pet square mile. THE DITCH DIGGER. In spite of all "that can be said about the honorable quality of all la bor, many people have always re garded those who dig ditches and per form other unskilled labor j with some contempt. Of recent years this work has been largely done by non-English speaking aliens. It was not so many years ago that this type of la bor could be commonly had for about $1.50 a day. V Repent years have placed the ditch digger in a more independent posi tion. His wages' in ijrvany places have doubled. The war has made raw la bor scarce. The man with energy and muscle enough to handle pick and shovel is not so common as he was. : Our native American's do not like manual labor, though they may be earning less money somewhere at clean handed jobs. The new literacy test law promises to make the ditch digger even scarc er. Of course the man who has energy enough to leave friends and earn passage money may have the grit to fit himself to pass our new requirements. But the new standard musf have som.e tendency to reduce the supply of raw labor. t Wherefore it behooves us to feel a. little moiw respect for the ditch digger. He performs a useful and toilsome task which the rest of us are unable or not willing to under take. He1 is in a position to get a higher price for this disagreeable service, and he will make farm, high way and construction work cost more. , It seems incongruous to many peo ple that clergymen and teachers, who have spent good money going through the schools, must often earn less than the unskilled laborer who never took the least pains to educate himself. Possibly machinery, may yet, be de vised to fill the , gap caused by scarc ity of unskilled labor. Machines are digging trenches , in France, why not machines also to dig our sewers? But until this substitution can be made we must all pay the penalty of the general 'inability or unwillingness to work with our hands arid delve in the dirt. . He If you refuse me .1 will blow out my brainsl . She You flatter yourself Puck. BOARD OF RELIEF. Notice "is hereby ' given "that the Board of Relief of the City of Bridge port will meet at . the Aessessors' Of fice, City Hall, for th,e purpose of hearing appeals made from the find ings of the Board of Assessors. Hear ings will be tield on the following dates in February: Thursday, Feb. 1, Friday, Feb. 2.. Monday, Feb. 5, Tues day, Feb. 6, Wednesday, Feb. 7, Fri day, Feb, 3, from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m.. and on the evenings of Friday, Feb. 2, Wednesday, Feb. 7, Friday, Feb. 9, from 7 to 9 p. m. Dated at Bridgeport this 20th day of January, 1917. -. WILLIAM A. LEWIS, ; THOMAS F. WHITE. ISAAC MOOREY, . JOHN E. RILEY., A 22 tf. ' . Florida. HO, FOR THE SOUTH Escape this cold weather by going South immediately.. Just a short trip by the palatial steamers, and you are " FLORIDA GEORGIA NASSAU BERMUDA or CUBA Telephone for complete information and illustrated booklets. S. LOEWITH & CO. 116 BANK STREET Tel. Barnum 98 ! "-" ' 'N HOTEL BRISTOL 122-124 West 49th St., N. Tr tween Iiroadway and Fifth A vol i Conveniently located for thos who wish to make the most of a short stay in the city.. th ;. Bristol seeks the patronage ot Bridgeport's traveling public. RATES: Without Meals: Single room, running water, $1.50 per day; double, $2; with private bath. .$2.50 and $3; sitting room.bed room and bath. $3 to $5. With Meals: Single room. run ning water, $3; for two, $5 per day; with bath. $6: sitting; bedroom and bath. $7 to $8. Special terms for parties ot four or mor frleods. " T. EL TOLSON, Pres. and - Mgr. Gertrude Fletcher, , . -vs. Order jO Notios. James Walter Fletcher STATE OF CONNECTICUT, FAIRFIELD COUNTY," ss. ' SUPERIOR COUllT, Bridgeport, Jan. 26, A.D. 1917. Upon the complaint of the said Gertrude' Fletcher praying, for rea sons therein set forth, for a) divorce and custody of the minor child, Eu gene, now pending before this Court, having been returned thereto on the first Tuesday of October, 1916. It appearing to and being found by this Court that James Walter Fletch er, the said defendant' is absent from this state and gone to parts unknown and that notice of the pendency of the complaint was given, as required by order of notice heretofore issued, and now the plaintiff asks for a fur ther order of notice in the premises. Therefore ordered, that notice of the pendency of said complaint be given by publishing this order in the Bridgeport Farmer, a newspaper printed in Bridgeport two times suc cessively, commencing on or before the 9th day of February A.D. 1917. By tho Court, Fltl-ID W. TRACY, Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court for Fairfle'-i County. Crawford Motor car are very. dan gerous. Crambshaw -That's the reason I'm going to buy one.-Judge. Casey Is mf pHftlt-UHr frlnd, Oi'd have ye know." "G'wan! If bo was prtickler, he wouldn't bo ytr frlnd." Hoston Tran script. Bill And he embarked on the sea of matrimony years ago, you say? Jill He did that. "And has he ever rocked the boata." "Not he. lie's been kept busy rock ing the cradle."Yonkers Statesman. i s yon unEbMNb fiyuuus . w tfc'nfc this -t?t nppeal to ynn rHnl&rlT fn tIow of wort I. t "ftrf ffty yearn In tonkins. We ran nrrr yon of Mrrtv, eaftefactosT umtinct of your business, and cowrtiona treat - ,,terest Kc to ireount monthly. - ve would like rrSf yon chont rmr methods. I nil us or; th 'rtis, .. - . - - - . . .ft 17 1, WATSON & 00. CORNER MAIN AND JOHN STREETS Established 18G0 Homes of Character FORSALEorRENT At Attractive Prices TwoNew2Fami mm IDEALLY LOCATED ON PARR0TT AVE, gis ST- These houses have all modernxconven lences including Electricity, GasSpeak ing Tubes, Letter Boxes, Hardwood Floors -Etc. HOUSES HAVE 14 ROOMS AND THREE TILE BATHS. READY FOR OCCUPANCY FEB. 10 We can make exceptional terms' on these honso uf quick applicants. For fulJ Jeiails apply S. Loewith & Go. INSURANCE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION m 116 BANK I ll'I'l T STOP! LOOK? Farm of 158 acres with 18 cows, 4 head of young stock, 2 horses, S5 hens, wagons, harnesses, sleighs, hay and ensilage, complete sugar outfit, an small tools used on a large farm, 75 apple trees, 5 pear, 4 plum, 3 cherry .rwi vinps. 12 room house trees anu eia-f" with running water, 2 bams and sugar house. 60 acres tillable, 75,000 feet of timber, near town, telephone and mail delivered, besides 5 0 0 cords of wood gasoline engine, silo ful of ensilage. All of this for $4,500. Call and see Alfred fl. Clark & Son - .-. i nod Mnin St. Room 400 Kelly's Cigar; Store 141 FAIRFIELD AVE, The. best cigars made In Imported and domestic brands. Complete lin or smokers' supplies. ., JAMES H. KELLY Andrew Varga vs. Order of Notice. Mary Varga. STATE OF CONNECTICUT, FAIRFIELD .COUNTY, 'ss., SUPERIOR COURT. Bridgep6rt, January 26, A. D. 1917 Upon cafe t-jmplaint of the said An drew Varga praying, for rwssAs therein set forth, for a divorce and custody of the two minor children, Ethel and Andrev, now pending be fore this Court, having been return ed thereto on the.Jlrst Tuesday of October, 1916.- It appearing to and being found by this Court that Mr; Varga, the j?aid defendant is absent from tbJs State and gone to parts unknown and that notice of the pendency of the complaint was given ac required ly order of notice heretofore issued, and now the plaintiff asks for a further order of notice in the premises. Therefore ordered, that notice of the pendency of said complaint be given by publishing this order in the Bridgeport Farmer, a newspaper printed in Bridgeport, two times suc cessively, commencing t o: before the 9th day of February A.D. 191 ? By the Cou- FRED W. TRACY, Assistant, Clerk of the Superior Court for Fairfield County. Lena Brown vs. Order of Notice. Eugene Brown STATE OF CONNECTICUT, FA1RF1EUD COUNTY, ss. SUPERIOR COURT, Bridgeport, Jan. 26, A.D. 1917. Upon the complaint , of the said Lena Brown praying, for reasons therein set forth, for a divorce now pending before this Court, having been returned thereto on the flrst Tuesday of September, 1916. It appearing to and being found by this Court that Eugene Brown the said defendant is absent from this State and gone to parts unknown and that notice of -the pendency of the complaint was given as required by order of notice heretofore isEued, and now the plaintiff asks. for a further order of notice in the premises. Therefore ordered, that notice of th ependency of said complaint be given by publishing this order in the Bridgeport Farmer, a newspaper printed in Bridgeport two times suc cessively, commencing on' or before the 9th day of February A.D. 1917. By the Court. FllKD W. TRACY, Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court for Fairfield County. i ixin wanted 7 tceaa rne I Farmer Vant Ads. I : i v-iiut? JX aim r U9. OUSBS S. PHOXEBART9q Pi. ,1 1 V I I A T T -aajj The City National Bank saving, Department Pay, er.cent. Interest Start Sr,ns, Now " WW J Wm w - MJ ft I' II C TTt GOOD BUSINESS JUDGMENT S"S.0nS th t of an M,ls , Checking aSmSS?.""- ' arc invited. Accounts "arfre or small) JAMES STAPLES & Co BRIDGEPORT . ' ; CONN. il - i rr C H. FLEMTVO EA IfiSTATE AND RENTS "ridreport. Conn. D 10 tf 6 , THE CONNECTICUT NATIONAL BANK BRIDGEPORT Cor. Main and WaH Streets T. B. 'WARREN Real Estate and Insurance 179 Golden Hill St r Tel 2417. , ' PROPERTY OWNERS WE HAVE 100 TENANTS TO PLACE IN RENTS FROM $10 TO $25 PER MONTH. PARTICULARS m Sill ANDERSON & CO. 53 JOHN STREET - . " Wooster & Bowersock, ; PATENTS Security mdgt lm Main' Street ' Send for Booklet cp Pnfn ICGHANGE 1280 Main St., Poli Building ' Ground Floor. 7 ' ; - . i.' ALXi 5IAKES OP T XFE IV 1UTU313 ; o For Sale, Rental. KxcnjtBffe 1 SPECIAL RENTAL RATCS TO vtl' STUDENTS '.r.U AgcntB lor CORONA Standard Fold.. in TYFEWRITEB r 1 !