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The Bridgeport evening farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917, March 06, 1917, Image 9

Image and text provided by Connecticut State Library, Hartford, CT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022472/1917-03-06/ed-1/seq-9/

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' 7
lll '-'' . . "
WJiile all was put, in readiness for
President Wilsbns naugruration, in
'cluding the . beautiful, court of honor
( shown. Jn tbev picture) oii Pennsyl
vania, avenuej .more than 400, wtfmen
, of the National "Woman's party and
the '.Congressional Union For Woman
Suffrage parade in a soaking rain
around; the White Huse, as; seen in
th'e" v'faccompanyihg. picture. A com
mttee jsought admission to the presi-
dentvin order to' present In person
resolutions urging the Adoption of the
federal amendment that would give
women the, vote throughout the coun
trybut they got no farther than the
polices -sergeant stationed at the en
tr&noeto the executive offices and left
the resolutions, to be delivered after
their; departure. ' So far as could be
leaded; President Wilson wa in the
i . j
JifT ARCH 5th will record . an anni
VXX y Versary of peculiar; interest to
t newspaper publishers of this
country, for "on this date fifty years
ago, in 186T, the fi rst ground wood pulp
was made at a mill in what was then
the village of Curtisville, . recently re
named Interlaken in the State of Mas
sachusetts. Up to that tiirne paper was
made exclusively of rags, naturally lim
jiting the amount prodaced; but with
; the succesgful conversion of wood into
. Ja fibre, suitable f or print pajper the. vast
i"itimb;r resources of this continent be
came the limltles8 reservoir of raw ma
terial for any and all future demand.
Solved Another Difficulty.
- -t; But the wood pulp fibre also solved
' another. difficulty for the printer, for
theretofore the speed of printing press
es was limited, caused by the slow dry
ing of the inks on paper made of rags,
while the trade soon discovered that
paper made of ground wood had excel-
K Jent absorbing and drying qualities, and I
O oon thereafter the printing press man
, uf actttrers were putting their minds
jam! energies to work. to develop the
t high 'speed press, and now: the modern
-double octuple press will print 72,000
,16-page papers per hour.
America's First Mill. , f
The Idea of making paper from wood
originated in Germany in the early
forties with Gottfried Keller, tradition
having it that he in turn received his
How Fast an Object Must Travel to
Escape Into Space.
The" speed of no return is that
speed which one would have to spud
a body, a bullet, for' instance, straight
up In , he air so that it would never
come back. The rate of this speed has
been estimated to be about seven miles
a: second. If a bullet could be given
that Velocity away from the earth it
would never fall back Jo our planet
but would travel on Into space in an
' orbit of its own around the sun.
As to the . possibilities of anything
, ever attaining this speed, no one can
say. Scientists say all they, know is
that the friction of the air would prob
ably melt and then vaporize the body
before it succeeded in getting through
the earth's ocean of air. 'The speed of
the modern army bullet is about one
twelfth of the speed of 'no return, be
ing a little over half a mile a second.
Instances, of the speed of no return
. Are seen when meteors fall into the at
I fifi7 Fiftieth Anniversary of the 1(117
White House throughout the demon
stration and witnessed .much of it
from his windows.
The resolutions expressed the deter
mination of the Women's party to con
tinue its agitation for suffrage, mak
ing the international situation a rea
son for the continuation of activity
rather than for abandoning it. It
inspiration from a waspsx nest Keller
collaborated with a manufacturer of
machinery, Heinrich-Voelterin whose
name the patents were executed. It
was not until 1868 that the possibili
ties of this invention in thisvcountry
were recognized, when Albrecht and
Rudolf Pagenstecher Induced their
cousin Alberto Pagenstecher to build
a mill in this country, and financed the
purchase, of the necessary machinery
and the building of a mill. The choice
of location fell to Curtisville, where
the outlet of Stockbridge Bowl seemed
to supply an 'adequate amoun of pow
er. The mill was . built and on March
5th, 1867, the first ground wood pulp
was produced
VVellington Smith, Pioneer.
Then another difficulty arose, namely
the selling of the product. Paper man
ufacturers were either strongly op
posed to or extremely pessimistic of
the papermaking qualities of wood
fibre. When one very large manufac
turer was approached he curtly an
swered "Sir, we don't use shoddy."
Finally, however, Wellington Smith,
who owned a mill near Curtisville, at
'Lee, agreed to buy a lot "as an experi
ment, and to Wellington Smith is due
the credit of having made the first pa
per out of wood pulp.
This pulp was invoiced at eight cents
a pound, while the normal price today of
pulp is under one cent per pound, and
mosphere of the earth. They very sel
dom actually reach the earth's surface,
but are melted and vaporized by the
enormous amount of heat evolved from
friction with the air at such an enor
mous velocity. Exchange.
( Elackmore's Manners.
Blackmore is said to have resembled
Horace Greeley. Several inches over
six feet, with a large, beautifully shap
ed head, on . which his hair tossed
waingly; he wore a beard shaved
away from his upper lip and chin, so
that it framed his face, which was as
rosy as a girl's. His eyes were full of
twinkling humor and kindliness, and
there was always about him a sense
of the outdoors of great calm spaces,
winds and fragrances. He dressed
carelessly in loose fitting clothes, tak
ing no trouble to keep In the fashion.
His voice was low and musical, and
his manners had a touch of old world
courtesy and distinction. He was ut
terly sincere and would never pretend
to agree to anything because some one
else advocated it. His opinions were
was said at the party's headquarters
in Lafayette square that, in accord
ance with plans made months ago,
the pickets who had been doing daily
duty in front of the White House had
been withdrawn, but that the headquarters-would
be' kept open for the
carrying on of the , campaign with
other tactics. .
news print paper, then selling at four
teen cents a pound was reduced to two
cents. It Is furthermore remarkable
that in the fifty intervening years no
substantial change in the manufacture
of. ground wood , pulp - has been made,
although the improvement in details of
the grinder has naturally increased its
efficiency and production. '
CradU of an Industry.
Once the practicability of this new
fibre had been demonstrated, the in
terest in it became general and the in
dustry developed by leaps and bounds.
The Pagenstechers, of whom Albrecht
Pagenstecher is the sole surviving
member and still largely interested in
many aper-mill enterprises, immedi
ately . built a second and somewhat
larger mill at Luzerne, N. Y., and in
1869 acquired the water power at
Palmer Falls; where they built what
was: to be for many years and Is to
day,, with but one exception, the larg
est mill in this country.
Little remains of( the v Curtisville
plant The power was soon found to
be totally inadequate, and the mill
was eventually dismantled. But mo
torists traveling from . Stockbridge to
Lenox . can still , see, when passing
through Interlaken, v a - square pile of
stone on the right hand, all that re
mains of the cradle of an industry des
tined to become not only one of the
largest but also, one of the most im
portant in this country.
strong and clear, and he stood by then,
unwaveringly. Hildegarde Hawthorne
in St. Nicholas.
Rabbits and Squirrels as Swimmers.
A funny though able swimmer is the
rabbit He submerges his body with
the exception of head and tail. The
latter sticks away up into the air, and
his hind- legs make "soap suds" as he
churns the water madly to get away.
But with all his awkwardness he is a
swift swimmer and is only beaten by
the squirrel among the land animals.
The squirrel swims with his heavy
tail sunk away down in the water and
his head held high. He cleaves the
waves like' a duck, and a man in a
rowboat has all he can do to keep
abreast of the swimming squirrel.
No Foreign Element.
"Why don't you have your son ex
amined by an alienist?"
"I'd raAher have a good American
doctor than any of them foreigners "
Baltimore American.
2,000 or More to Be Enrolled In
Connecticut's Military Census.
Not to Interfere With Red
The enrollment of the 2,000 or more
registered nurses in Connecticut is to
be included in the Connecticut mili
tary census now in progress under the
direction of Governor Marcus H. Hoi
comb,, Special blanks have been pre
pared by the military census state head
quarters in Hartford for taking the en
rollments of these nurses. The blanks
are similar to those used for taking the
census of men, but differ in some of
the questions.
Among other things, the blanks ask:
"What training school are you a gradu
ate of?
"In what' line of professional work are
you at present employed?
. "In what department of nursing are you
best qualified for service?
"Are you a registered nurse? In what
state? When?
"Have you any one dependent on you
for support?
"Are you a citizen of the United States?
"Have you done any army or navy nurs
ing service in this or any other country ?
"Could you 'respond promptly to an
emergency call for nursing service in this
"Would you volunteer fcr an emergency
call for nursing service outside this
state?" .
The following statement concerning
the enrollment of nurses was given out
yesterdayNby the state headquarters of
the Connecticut bureau of military cen
sus: ,i .
"This census is designed in no way to
interfere with the work of the Red Cross.
The governor has the very highest appre
ciation of the value of the work and use
fulness of the Red Cross. He has been
instructed, however, to make a census of
the resources of this state which might
be valuable in time of war. One of the
most valuable of these resources is to
make available instantly for work in any
part of this state the services of the train
ed nurses of Connecticut."
Governor ' Holcomb Gives , His
Opinion of Connecticut "Slack
ers" Less Than 1,000 of
These In Entire State. ,
Speaking before the annual meeting"
of the Connecticut Society, Sons of
the American Revolution, in Hartford
on Washington's .Birthday, Governor
Marcus H. Holcomb told very, plainly
what he thinks of the comparatively
small number of , men who have re
fused to give the information called
for by the agents who are "taking the
Connecticut military census.
The Governor aroused a great deal
of . enthusiasm when he delivered his
speech. In the course of it he referred
to 'the military census now in progress
in the state. He said that the number
of refusals, to give information re
quired had been small, and .that the
total in the whole state would .prob
ably not be greater than 1,000.
VThe names of those who refused in
formation," the governor said, "are be
ing put on a separate list at the state
headquarters in Hartford. For this
purpose special blue cards are being
used the cards for those who refused
to give information ought to be yel
low." ,
, By AUBREY L.. MADDOCK, Director
Publicity Service, Connecticut Bureau of
Military Census.
. Preparedness parades were all right
in their place, but the Connecticut
military census, now in progress, is
the greatest preparedness parade of all.
Have'you done your part? ' ,
Connecticut leads in the manufac
ture of war munitions, insurance, the
tobacco industry, metal products and
America cannot be like the ostrich,
burying her head in the sand and feel
ing secure. She must bex wide awake
and prepare just as Connecticut is
preparing through her great military
census for any emergency that may
No man with a spark of patriotism
in his . soul would be so small as to
refuse to answer the simple questions
asked by the state of Connecticut in
the military census now in progress.
Governor. Marcus H. Holcomb said
that the names of men who refuse to
give information for the Connecticut
military census ought to be put on
"yellow" cards. Is there any doubt
what he meant? .
If war ever comes to America the
value of Connecticut's military census
will be fully realized. It's better to be
prepared and . not be called than to be
called and not be prepared.
Refusal to respond to the call for
information asked in the Connecticut
military census is miserable selfishness
that automatically puts the person who
refuses upon the "Suspicious list."
Do yourself justice co-operate fully
In the Connecticut military census.
1 Combination of Both..
"What have you there, Lucille a
business letter or a love letter?"
"I hardly know .how to answer that
question. This letter is .from a duke,
proposing for my hand, and addressed
to my lawyer." Louisville Courier
Journal. Rice Dessert.
Boiled rice served with chocolate or
hard sauce makes a simple and whole
some dessert. Raisins can be cooked
In the rice if desired.
A fireproof and burglar proof 4
vault which, in years past, has fr
protected millions of dollars of
the assets of a great insurance fr
corporation now protects all the
results thus far collected in the fr
Connecticut military census, now fr
in progress In Connecticut, and 4
additional returns will be placed
in it as soon as they are re-'.-fr
ceived. The vault is in the Con- !
nectlcut Mutual Building in Hart-
ford, and its heavy steel outer fr
and inner doors open from the !
room in which the statisticians $
working under the direction of fr
the governor's committee of as-v fr
sistants are quartered. The room fr
was formerly occupied by the fr
Phoenix Fire Insurance Compa-. fr
ny, which kept millions of dol- fr
lars of securities in the vault. fr
The information being collected
in the 168 towns of the state by
the census-takers is being pro
tected as carefully as the big in
surance company protected its
! ! as !
Connecticut Headquarters In
Hartford Able to Handle 50,000
Blanks Daily Tabulation to Be
Done Without Delay.
The state headquarters of the Con
necticut bureau of military census is
now so equipped and Organized that
the work can be completed in record
time, depending only upon the speed
of the towns and cities in sending their
returns to Hartford. The whole work
has now reached a point where it, is
up to the towns and cities themselves.
If the census-takers all over the state
will rush their work and thos in
charge of the local canvassers will
send the returns to Hartford promptly,
the whole tarfs of filing and tabulat
ing the census result can be completed
by the headquarters organization with
in a week. , .
The headquarters is now able to han
dle from fifty to sixty thousand blanks
every day. Up to last Saturday night,
130,000 census returns had been tab
ulated, and filed at the state headquar
ters. If the towns and cities 'send
their blanks to Hartford as fast as the
state headquarters can take care of
them, 300,000 returns can be tabulated
in the six days of the present week..
The estimated total for the entire state
is about 500,000. This means that,
with towns and cities forwarding
blanks fast enough to keep the head
quarters busy, the task should be com
pleted in a few days.
..4.4.4.'frfrfr fr fr "fr 4 fr fr'fr -fr
4 There are thousands of men in 4
the state of Connecticut who are 4
anxious to help in taking, the 4
military census now in progress, 4
but who have not the time .to Vie- 4
vote to it in the capacity of cen- 4
sus-takers. There is an oppor
tunity for every one to help, lf,;
he will. Every man in the state H
who wishes to can help in the' 4
work by going to the census 4
headquarters in his own city or 4
town and there, fill in the blanks 4
required instead of waiting for 4
the census-taker to come to his
home and question him. Every 4
blank thus presented saves work 4
and time for the volunteer cen- 4
4x sus-takers. . If a man cannot do 4
4 much for the census, he can at 4
4 least perform this small duty; 4:
a a J j J J a
four :tons of paper
used for census
printed matter
Sheets Sent Out Represent Total Area
, - of 888,000 Square Feet.
Some idea . of , the great amount of
material being handled by the state
headquarters in Hartford of the Con
necticut bureau of military census may
be gained from the fact that the print
ed matter already sent out by that
bureau for the work in the state has
already reached a total weight of four
tons. This includes census blanks, in
structions, commissions and similar
printed forms. It is also estimated
that the printed matter sent out from
the state headquarters represents a to
tal of 888,000 square feet of paper. In
addition to this, close to 1,500,000 per
manent filing cards will be used in re
cording and tabulating the census be
fore the work is completed.
Interpreters In Census Work.
The use of volunteer interpreters by
many of the census takers engaged in
the Connecticut military census is one
of the interesting features of prepared
ness work now in progress throughout
Connecticut. Men . of all races . have
volunteered to assist in the enumera
tion work, and those who are able to
speak foreign languages are proving
of rast help in carrying this great un
dertaking through to a successful con
clusion. Pretty Cool.
Haller Say, when are you going to
pay me that ten you borrowed? You
know I'm married now! Staller Oh,
are you? That's too bad! I wanted to
touch you for five more. Exchange.
A Born Leader.
"That man was born to lead."
"What makes you think so?"
"Even his own daughters obey him.'
Detroit Free Paess.
9 TO 10 A. M.
4 TO 5 P. M.
Round, Sirloin, Porterhouse
Steaks lb 20c
Prime Rib Roasts
Fancy Rump Corned Beef.
Lean Pork Loin
Lean Chuck Roasts
Fresh Sliced Liver ..lb 10c
Lean Fresh Shoulders lb 19c
Beef for Boiling .... lb 12c
Legs of Lamb lb 22c
Lean Pork Chops 'lb 20c
Orange Day
Jelly Doughnuts
Fancy Sage Cheese
Butter, Meadowbrook Creamery 3 lbs. $1.25, lb 43 C
Fancy Table Apples . Doz. 24c
Mohican Mince Meat pkg 9c
Moh. Queen Olives, bot. 10c
Moh. Pure Extracts, bot 21c
Moh. Swt. Choc. lb ck. 7c
MqJi. Pure Jelly . .bot. 13c
Marshmallow and Chocolate Rolls ..... . . ,ea 12c
Hot Cross Buns, Fresh Daily .Doz. 15 C
Loaf Cakes ...... ea 10c
Fruit Pies ...... ea 15c
French Cupcakes doz. 12c
Saf u practical I
yiome Dross Making
Prepared Specially for This Newspaper
'. . - l '-.
By Pictorial Review
Wider Belts Growing in Favor.
The spring season is going to be the
signal for the appearance of many
charming frocks in amythye't tones.
Cachmire and satin are combined in
this model. .
This dressy frock in amethyst cach
udre is prettily trimmed with a wide
crush belt of amethyst satin and motif
of bead embroidery. Tacks appear at
either side of the front and back of
the waist, while the ose-piece tunic
is gathered over a two-piece circular
skirt. In medium sixe the eostume re
quires "5 yards 40 -inch material for
the waist and tunic. For the genes
2 yards extra will be needed, but if
the lower part of the gores is made
of material, 1 yards will be sum-.'
eient, with 1 yard 36-inch lining for
the upper part.
Today's home dressmaking lesson
deals with . the construction of the
design, whieh begins by the dosing of
the shoulder seam of the waist. Then
form tucks and: stitch. Close under
arm seam and tarn edge of right front
tinder on small "o" perforations;
stitch 1 inch from fold.1 Underf ace
fronjt edge of left front, 1 inch
Pictorial Keview Costume
25 cents.
Thpcn Hnma nrassniakina
cially for this newspaper from
Pictorial Review.
9 TO 10 A. M.
FANCY NEW '"Med. Size ft
PRUNES.... lb 8C
4 TO 5 P. M. s
, lb 18c
. lb 19c
, lb 19c
Plate Corned Beef . . lb 12c
Stewing Fowl ...... lb 24c
Lean Salt Pork ..... lb 18c
Fancy Lamb Chops . . lb 22c
Corned Beef, solid meat lb 20c
ready for "Orange Day" next
Saturday, March 10th. W will have
a carload of Oranges all sizes, fancy
stock and attractive prices'. DONT
. . lb
0LE0 lb27c,4lbs $1.05
Cocoanuts ea. 8c
Large Grape Fruit 5 for 25c
Celery Hearts ...bch. lOc
Sweet Butter '. lb 45c
Whole Milk Cheese. . lb 29c
Best Loaf
deep. Gather between double "TTf
perforations and 2 inches above. Ad
just stay under gathers, centers even;
single small "o" perforation at
- lower edge of stay at . under-arta
team. Double " oo " perforation in
atay indicates eenter-front.. , ;
To finish the neck, bsw collar to
edge, center-backs even and. along
small "o" perforations in right front,
bringing single large "O" or donble
small "o" perforations together..
Leave foliar free (on left side) front
shoulder seam to front edge. - . -
Now, close sleeve seam as notched
and gather between double 1 'TT ' ' per
forations. Stitch trimming piece on
enff, notches even. Turn , edge of cuff
under en slot, perforations; lap to
small 'o" perforations; stitch
inch from fold leaving free; below
single large "O" perforation! Sew
cuff to sleeve as notched, small "of,'
perforation in cuff at seam of sleeve
and bring folded edge of cuff, to small
"o" perforation in sleeve. Sew in
. armhole as notched, small " o ' ' per
f oration at shoulder seam, easing any
To make ths skirt, join gores M
notched leaving left side seam free ,
above large "O" perforation in
front gore for plaeket. Gather be
tween double "TT" perforations. Ad
just, stitching upper edge over upper
row of gathers in waist, centers even;
bring side seam to under-arm seam.
The tunic may be made now. Slash
to left of center-front along ' short
line of small "o" perforations; fin
ish for placket. Gather between
double "TT" perforations. Adjust
tunic, stitching gathers along upper
edge of skirt, centers even; line of.
small "" perforations in tunic . at
under-arm seam. If tunic is made
with open front, bring front edge of
tunic over large "" perforation in
stay. -
The belt may be beaded, top, if -desired.
Sizes, 84 to 44 inches bust. Price,
articles are preDared' esoe- .
the very latest styles by The
, 't

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