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; ' " ; ' '' ''''''' " ; ' Farmer : VOL. 53 NO. 73 German Admiralty Offices Reports That Many Ships of Air Types Have Fallen Victims to - Submarines Within Few Days. Tonnage of 80,000 Reported Lost and Valuable Car ., goes of War Supplies Lost . British Hospital Ship Included in List. Berlin, March 26, by wireless .to Sayville The sinking of 25 more steamers, 14 sailing ves sels and 37 trawlers, with an aggregate gross tonnage of 80, : 000, in the last.few days, is an nounced by the admiralty. Among the vessels sunk, ac v cording to the statement, was Ivthe British hospital ship Astur ; ias.12.000 tons. : . I ' : "The; following French 'rihlp were! v I sunk,"; says the statement: K "Sully, bark, 2100 tons; Eugene-Al-; bert, Anais, 130 , tons, Madeline, Da voust,' schooners. "Adieu Va, 64' tons, Marie Louise, from Fecamp and Marie Louise,! St. Paul and the American, sailing ships. ; Martha Yvonne and Cordouan, pilot 1 schooners. r , - "Petit Jean, Henry Louis, Dieu de " Carde, Nozal, Rupella, Louis XIV, ' Pentileu. Acide Jrlaria, "Juliette, Ga- mille Emile, L. R.-1289,' L. R.-1329, Madeline, Felicite, Madonna and En tente. Cordiale, trawlers. ' 1 VThe following Italian . vessel was sunk: Medusa, steamer of about l,u ' .tons. : "The following- Norwegian vessels were sunk: Solferirio, 1,156 tens; Wil fred, 1,121 tons; Girda, 1.824 tons; Blaamanden, 954 tons; Ronald, 3,021 ' tons; Expedit, 680 tons; Frisk, 1,838 .tons; Einar Jarl, 849 tons, 'steamers. "Efeu, sailing vessel of about 500 tons. ' ' . The following American, steamers were-sunk:. ' "Illinois, 5,225 tons;' and City of Memphis, 6.252 tons. ' x "The following Spanish steamer wata sunk: Vivina, 3,122 tons. ."The following Dutch steamer was sunk:iLa Campine, 2,595 tons. lShlps destroyed the names of whic are unknown either becausevthey were not identified during a night at tack or because they had no name on he side, are as follows: "Unidentified steamer, with cargo, about 3,000 tons gross, sunk by a tor pedo in the midst of a convoy; armed British steamer of about 3,000 tons; steamer of about .3,50 tons; tank steamer of about 3,000 tons; steamer o1Sy about 8,000 tons; Norwegian steamer of about 3,500 tons; tank masted schooner of 300 tons; and three British and two French fish ing vessels. "With these ships, so far as is known up to this time, were destroyed among other things, 34,000 tons of coal, the greater part of which was on the way to France; 3,000 tons of kerosene- oil; 3,300 tons of ore from Huelva to West Hartlepool; 3,200 tons of grain and 9,900 tons of provisions, besides fish sunk with trawlers.',' A German submarine made an un successful attempt to torpedo the Bril tish hospital ship Asturias off Havre in February, 1915. Quick maneuver . ing by the captain enabled the vessel to avoid the torepdo. Subsequently the German government said the ves sel had been mistaken for a troop ship end expressed regret for the act The British admiraUy responds'! that under the conditions there could have been no possibility of such a mistake. PLAN PERMANENT CENSUS RECORDS FOR BRIDGEPORT Seek to Have Ordinance Adopted Requiring Keep- ing Figures Up to Date. .Assistant Superintendent of Police CTharles H. Suckley will ask Mayor "Wilson p have an ordinance drafted providing for the continuation of the .military census after the present can vas is completed-. The canva is now ba Pace MAW WEE KECRUITING STATION OF CONN. HOME GUAFfD COUNCIL CHAMBER, CITY ; I HALL, THIRD FLOOR. Recruiting officer continuously in in charge from 11 a. m. to 9 p. m. .All men between the ages of 17 and 60, not liable for service in the National Guard are eligible to join the Home Guard. ' Uniform and equipment furnish ed by the state. Pay while In active service same as regular militia. Recruiting officers: Hon. Clifford B. Wilson, Dana It. August, Fred eric A. Bartlett, George M. Bald win, Nathaniel W. Bishop, Fred J. Breckbill, Stephen . P. Cronan, J. J. Farmer, John T. King, John A. Leonard, J. Alex. H. Robinson, William E Seeley, Harry C. Stev enson, Hon, George W. Wheeler. . Schedule of Officers in Charge, March 2631, Inc. Monday, March 26th, 11 1 p.. m,,' J. Alex. II. Robinson; 1 3 p. m., Hon Clifford B Wilson; 3 5 p. m., William E. Seeley; 57 p. m., Hon. Clifford B Wilson; 7 9 p m., J. J. Farmer. Tuesday, March -27th., ' 11 1 p. 9i J. Alex. H Robinson; 1 5 p. ' m., Hon. George W,, Wheeler; 57 p. m., Harry o. Stevenson; 7 9 p. m., John A. Leonard- Wednesday, March 28th, 11 1 p. m., J. Alex H. Robinson; 1 5 p.; m., William E Seeley; 57 p. ni., J. Alex H. Robinson; 79 p. m.,Fred J. Breckbill. v .Thursdayj March 29th, 11 1 p. m., J. Alex. H. Robinson; 1 5 p. m., George 31 Baldwin, 5 7 p. m., J, Alex.H Robinson and' Stephen P. Cronan; ; 79 p. m., Dana R. August., Friday, March 30th, 111 p. m., Jt Alex H Robinson; 16 p. m., Hon George W. Wheeler; 6 9 p. nT, Frederick A. Bartlett. 'turday, March 31st., 11 1 p. m., J. Alex. II. Robinson; 1 5 p. m., Hon Clifford B Wilson; 57 m., J. J. Farmer; 7 9 p. m., Fred J. BreckbiU. MILITARY TRAINING SCHOOL PLAN OF MAJOR J. J. HURLEY IN CALLING FOR VOLUNTEERS Major James J. Hurley expects to day to receive reply from Adjutant- - . ,i . General George M. Cole regarding his application for the use of the State Armory for headquarters for recruit ing or the regiment of volunteers he proposes to raise. Major Hurley wants to raise a regiment of infantry in Fairfield county for service in case war is declared. , v Although the major has received no reply from the adjutant general he is going abou his plans for recruiting and is getting in touch with retired military men in Norwalk, Danbury, Stamford and other towns in the coun ty. These officers are to aid him in procuring recruits. Although the United States government has full jur isdiction over any troops to be taken into the service and the plan of the war department is to designate what units are required and the branches of the service they shall fill, yet Major Hurley says that if war is declared an army of at least 1,000,000 men will be called. This will mean that Fairfield, county must furnish several regiments of in fantry. The military forces of the county at present is mainly Coast Ar- tillerv. Recruiting' is going on xor these organizations but in Maj. Hur ley's volunteers no one will have to enlist unless war Is declared. In that instance the major (believes he can raise his regiment inside of a week; and . he feels sure all his volunteers who are physically aJble to perform military duty will be accepted A'dljutant General Cole said yester day that he ft?Anot received an ap plication from iMaJCHurley and e& plained that- there wex?" number or considerations. The United States government had full jurisdiction over troops to Jbe taken into government service. Just how the war l&epartment would look upon effort by Major Hur ely to raise a regiment in Fairfield county, General Code could not say offhand. The Farmer received the following communication today , from Major Hurley: 4 . . Relying on your patriotism I am writing to ask you to devote space to the following lommuni- cation setting forth the purposes of the volunteer regiment of in- f antry in which I have the honor to ask all Americans to enroll' (and when I say Americans I mean everybody of whatever na " tion who are citizens of the great est and grandest government on God's foot stool.) First, I wish to irtipress the public that there will 'be no enlistments obligating the men who enroll, for a term of days, months or years, until the Secretary of War issues a call for volunteers at which time all will be asked to enlist , in defense of the colors and everybody whose veins are full of good red blood instead of icicles would prefer to voluntary enlist than to be forced n .i n i i is .i i ii - ri n i i a f t i i i 11 iiUlLJVUJLHUiliiJJL J 11 KM ill J U U 1UIU' II J-LI II. S. VESSEL. ARiED,GETS Navy Department Reports Safe Arrival at Destina tion of St. Louis, First of American Armed Ships to Cross Sea. Details of Voyage Are With held Liner Carried 14 Americans as Passengers and 131 U. S. Citizens in Her Crew. Washngtori March 26 .The Amer ican liner St. Louis, first armed American ship to cross the Atlantic, has arrived safely at her destination, Secretary Daniels announced today. Information as to the arrival of the steamer came to the navy department i from the offices of the American line in New York. The company wanted to make known the fact to relieve the anxiety of those having relatives or friends on the vessel. Secretary Daniels ap proved such action. No details of the trip were given in the company's report. AMERICANS ON BOARD. J Vrr New York, March 26 Thje St. Louis, owned by the American line, left an American port on March VI with 31 passengers, of whom 14 were Ameri can citizens. .Among her crew of 394 persons were 131 Americans. into the service by conscriptions. Second, No one obligates him self to do more than to attend meetings at the armory, one hdmr each night for two nights a wek to . receive instructions ' in the school of the soldier, thereby pre paring a way to a knowledge of self-preservation when called on to' take up military duty and we all owe it to those dependent upon us to be in the finest fettle, and be able to. take care of ourselves 'when in the.open, either in a san ' itary or defensive wayl "" Thanking you for the privilege ' of addressing the citizens through the columns of your paper, I am Very respectfully, JAMES J. HURLEY, Major C. A. C. C. N. G., Retired. John Dezso, former member of the board of apportionment and president of the Hungarian .Business Men's as sociation called on Mayor Wilson to day to endorse the Home Guard move ment. A delegation of more than a dozen from the association accom panied thev president. At the meet ing yesterday they adopted the follow ing resolution : ' "Resolved that the Hungarian Bus iness Men's association of Bridgeport, Connecticut, hereby urges and advises all its members and friends to give their unqualified support towards the establishment and maintenance of the Home Guard." The Home Guard now- numbers nearly 200 and enlistments are coming in fast. -The recruiting committee here expect to call a meeting soon fur drill and organization. The meet ing probably will be held in the State Armory as the council chamber where enlistments are taken will be far too small to accommodate the guards. The recruiting office is open from '11 o'clock in the forenoon until O o'clock in the evening. A meeting of the special committee to recruit Tor. the Coast Artillerv and the Naval Voluntfers has been ailed for 8 o'clock this evening in the pro rate offices. The committee consisrs of Justice George W. Wheeler, Judge Alfred B. Beers, W. F. Hobbs,, Frank D. Bell and Capt. "Edward Joy. Each member has named a. number of others as' sub-committee and it is ex pected that about 75 will be at the gathering when- plans to aid In ''-recruiting allBridgeport National Guard organizations to war strength will be announced this evening. Memlbers of the Fifth district, Polish Falcon Alliance, have sent an open letter to Gov. Holcomtb endorsing the policy of President Wilson and re newing their allegiance to him and to the government of the United States. "As in the pat, also in the fu ture we remain IctyiA to the State of Connecticut and! to the United States of America and its policies," the letter reads. The Poles ty they have or ganized a gymn'i club and military iVOULiuueu wu rage 4. BRIDGEPORT, CONN., MONDAY, MARCH 26, 1917 - . " - MI President Raises Navy Strength to 87,000 Men; Secretary Daniels Appeals for Enlistment Now Washington, March 26 The text of the President's Executive order increasing the strength of the navy to 87,000 men is as follows: EXECUTIVE ORDER. i White House, Washington, March 24, 1917. By virtue of the authority vested in the President by the act of of Congress approved Aug. 29, 1916, entitled "An Act Making Appro priations for the Naval Service for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1917, and for Other Purposes," it is hereby directed that the authorized enlisted strength of the navy toe increased to 87,000 men. (Signed) Secretary Daniels last night country the following telegraphic appeal: Washington, Tm C, March 25, 1917. The President last night signed an Executive order directing that the authorized enlisted strength of the navy be increased to 87,000. He was authorized by Congress, in case of emergency, to direct such increase in enlistment. New ships and ships in reserve are being fully com missioned as rapidly as possible", and the need is imperative for a larger enlistment to man them. - There has been a net increase of over 6,500 in enlistment since Congress recently authorized an increase, bilt many more are needed and needed now. , Will you not emphasize this need by giving special prominence on Monday on the first page of your paper to the President's order, and also by making an editorial appeal for new recruits for the navy. The navy offers exceptional advantages to young men of stuff and ambition to serve in the first line for national defense. In this emer gency you have the opportunity and the privilege of performing this public service, and I am confidently appealing to you for your cordial and helpful co-operation. . . (Signed)' JOSEPHUS DANIELS. BACON, HELD AS SPY, SENTENCED TO U. S. PRISON - 1. " -. . - Confession to Officials Here Gets Clemency for Ger many's Agent. . New Tork.March 26. Sentence of a year and a day m the federal peniten tiary in Atlanta and a fine of $1 was passed in the federal court here today on George Vaux Bacon, American newspaper man, who pleaded guilty to going to England as a spy for Ger many. Bacon admitted that he was hired j to go to England by Albert O. Sander ana unaries a. vvunnenoerg, xwo Germans he met in this city. They grave him some sympathetic invisible ink, to use in sending information as to civil and military conditions in England secretly to German agents in Holland to be forwarded to Germany. While pefforming this work in Eng land, Bacon was arrested and sen tenced to be hanged, but on his prom ise to tell all he knew to the United States government he was pardoned and sent back to this country. The evidence he? gave resulted in the arrest here of Sander and Wun nenberg, who both pleaded guilty last week to setting a military expedition afoot in this country against a friend ly power and were sentenced to two years in Atlanta and fined $2,500. In a statement to the court today Bacon said he had no taste for -the (Continued on Page 12.) VACCINATION IN NEWTOWN Statement From i the Only Physicians in the Town No Serious Results From Vaccination , We, the undersigned, the only phy sicians In Newtown, were dumbfound ed when we read the news item in the Bridgeport Farmer Saturday evening, stating that one out cf every eight in this town were laid low by vaccina tion; ttoat Arthur J. Slmith Jhas. been serlousJy ill during the last three days and is cared for by two nurses and a physician. The whole article is preg nant of sensationalism arid1 is a gross and malicious misrepresentation of facts. r There have been absolutely no seri ous 'results from vaccination in this town. Arthurs J. Smith remained at home one day and has been at work all the rest of the time. There have been no nurses in attendance. There has Ibeen no peril of tetanus looming up as The Farmer states. The epi demic is traced directly to Waterville and coulldl lhave 'been avoided by vac cination. None cf those suffering from the disease in Newtown have ever been vaccinated, with one excep tion, and ithat a woman of 60, was pos sibly vaccinated in childhood. As members of the medical profes sion, interested in the welfare of the community, we deplore and condemn any suctti wilful misrepresentations as those contained in the article in The Farmer. ' WALTER O. KTERNAN, ,M. E., Health Officer. F. A. GATLiJ, M. D. The Faimer's article came from a Newtown correspondent who has al ways ibeen considered reliable' and whose relialbility has never until now, so far as we recall, ibeen questioned. For the publication of such points as are denied by the two medical practi tioners, The Farmer expresses regret, though it must also regret their use of the worlds "malicious" and "wilful" Jwhch are, so far as we are concerned, 'wholly unfouned in fact. rm WOODROW WILSON sent to 2,600 editors throughout the SEVEN HUNDRED GERMAN SAILORS TAKEN TO FORTS Crews of Interned Liners Removed From Navy Yard Under Guard. Philadelphia, March 26 The seven hundred members of the crews of the German auxiliary cruisers Kronprinz Wilhelm and Prinz Eitel Friedrich, iniernea at me .f nuaqeipnia navy yard, since last October, started to day. under a heavy guard of marines for Fort Oglethorpe and Fort Mc Pherson, Ga., where they will be kept until further , orders from Washing ton. A large crowd,5 Iheld back by a cor don of mairines and 500 Philadelphia policemen, saw the departure of the sailors. - - ; A section of the fence of the navy yard had i been removed and through this opening the German sailors marched to the cars. Marines stood guarld' from the ship td the trains. When Capt. Thierichsen of the Prinz Eltel Finedrich, Oaipt. Thierfeldt of the Kronprinz Wilhelm, and Lieut. Berg, who brought the British steamer Appam into the Ohespaeake capes a year ago, left the ships they were given a hearty cheer Iby the sailors. There were , no untoward incidents during the transfer. The second train started south at 9:30 a. m. A skeleton crew has been, left aboard each cruiser, barely enough to wash down decks and otherwise keep the ships clean. The sailors had kept things lively at the navy yard ever since their ar rival. The ships were transferred to the Philadelphia -navy yard from the NorfoUk yard last fall. On their ar rival here the sailors set about build ing a complete German village. It contained many, small buildings in which hundreds of the sailors lived. The community also included a church. During their stay here the sailors made many friends among the German-Americans of the city. They had the same shore liberty allowed to American sailors and marines. With the announcement of Germany's pur pose to wage a ruthless submarine warfare the men were restricted to the navy yard. Chafing under the confinement, the Germans became restless and the navy department, in response to statements from Mayor Smith and other citizens that the interned men were a menace, decided to remove them to the Geor gia forts. No trace has been found of the sail ors who escaped last week. MANN READY TO ABANDON FIGHT HOOSE JOB Washington, March 26. Republican Leader Mann, on his return from Haiti today, said he was willing to with- draw from the race for the speaker ship in the interest of unity, if the house coulld! be organized on bi-parti- man on non-partisan lines. THE WEATHEIt Unsettled and warmer Tuesday probably rain. tonight; FOR MME mm:, '(GAM KC1MI Additional Units of National Guard Are Ordered Out to Protect United States Properties and Munition Plants Secretary Daniels Begins Drive to Bring Nayal Strength Up to 87,000 Under Executive Order of President First Connecticut Regiment Mobilizing at Hartford. ; Washington, March 26:- Twenty additional complete in fantry regiments and five additional separate battalions ot na tional guard troops have been ordered into the federal service for the protection of property in the event of possible internal disorders. , The troops have been eai!ed out in 18 western and mid dle western states not included in the list of similar orders made public yesterday. NORWEGIAN SHIP, TWO AMERICANS ABOARD, IS SUNK Washington, March 26. Torpedoing of the Norwegian , steamer Wilficd with two Americans cUboard, and tha British steamer Chorley, with threfl Americans, was reported today to the istate department. The Wilfred waa warned (by the German submarine that sank her, but carried! no contraband oi armament. VIOLATIONS OF ANCIENT TREATY LAID TO BERLIN United States GJves Reasons for Refusal to Renew or Extend Pact. . Washington, March 26.. Germany's "clear violations" of the treaties of 1799 and 1828, and her "disregard of the canons of international courtesy' were .assigned by the United States as reasons for refusal to reaffirm or, ex tend these - agreements. The note of refusal to ' Germany transmitted thrbueh Dr. Paul Bitter, the Swiss minister, was made public today by state -deDarlment and disclosed that this government "is seriously consid ering whether Germany's conduct has not in effect abrogated these treaties. The note says: "In view of the clear violations b5 the German authorities of the plain terms of the treaties in question, sol emnly concluded on the mutual un derstanding tha tthe obligations there under would 'be faithfully kept; 1:1 vitw, xurtner, ot itne ra.asregp.ru. ui to canons of international ' courtesy and the comity of nations in the treatment of innocent American citizens in Ger- many, the government or tne umiea States cannot perceive any advantage which would flow from further en gagements, even though they were merely declaratory of international law, entered into with the imperial German government, about the, mean ing of any articles of these treaties or as supplementary to them. In these circumstances, therefore, the govern ment -of the Unitekii States declines to enter Into the special protocol pro posed toy the imperial government. "This government 4s. seriously con sidering," continues the note. whether or not the treaty of 1828 and the revised articles of the treaties of 1785and 1799 have not been in effect abrogated by the German gov ernment's flagrant violation of their provisions, ' for it would be manifestly unjust and inequitable to require one party to an agreement to observe its stipulations and to permit the other party to disregard them. It would appear that the mutuality of the un dertaking has been destroyed by the conduct of the German authorities.'- PROBES RAILROAD DEATH. The engineer and fireman of the train whicn struck Joseph Gioiosa at the Park avenue viaduct March 23, were ordered to appear before Coro ner John J. Phelan this afternoon to tell what they know of the accident. Gioiosa was a track walker employed by the railroad company and residing at Hallett street and Crescent ave nue. He started to cross the tracks to avoid one train and was hit by another. The Fabre line steamship Roma ar rived at Providence, R. I., from Lis bon and the Azores. The plan- of the Jeansville . Iron Works at Hazelton, Pa., was damaged by fire, at a loss of $75,000. Lieut.-Col. Chester Harding, gov ernor of the Canal Zone, was elected president of the-Panama Railroad. PRICE TWO CENTS The war department's statement follows: "Following additional National Guard -organizations have been called ; into the Federal service for general, p -5 of police protection against 'V interference with the postal, ' i.'il and military channels and ! IrTStrunientalitles : . "Illinois First, Fifth and Sixth . regiments infantry. "Indiana. Second regiment in fantry. . . "Iowa First regiment infantry. "Missouri First and Third regi ments infantry. ' Ne'oraska' Fourth regiment in fantry. . "Minnesota r- First Tegiment , in fantry. "Michigan Thirty-third regiment Infantry. , ,- ' "Wisconsin Third rejgiment in fantry. ) "North Dakota Second battalion of First regiment infantry. . : "South Dak&a Third battaln of Fourth regiment infantry. - "Colorado First and Second sept arate battalions infantry. V "Wyoming Second separate bat talion infantry. "Ohio Third and Sixth regiments infantry. "Washington Second regiment in fantry. . "Oregon Third regiment infantry. "California Second, Fifth and Seventh regiments infantry. "Idaho Second regiment infantry. "Montana Second regiment infan try. - "Of these organizations the follow- ; ing are already in the federal service . and in consequence will not be mus tered out as originally' planned: "Michigan Thirty-third infantry; Colorado, First and Second separata v battalion; Ohio, Third and Sixth regi ments. "It is requested that no details of , locality be carried in the press with regard to the further distribution of : these troops unless given out by the war department." , The new order makes a total of 32 national guard infantry regiments . called into the federal service for po lice purposes, supplemented by six separate battalions and several de-' tached companies. They will be as signed to posts in connection with their police work by the commanders of the military departments acting under instructions from the war de partment. . - Naval recruiting officers throughout the country under orders from Presi dent Wilson today redoubled their ef forts to bring the navy up to its full authorized strength of 87,000 enlisted . men. Meantime about 12 regiments of na. tional guard troops in various states Tere assembling to act as national po lice in important districts, in accord- i ance with orders transmitted last night. Arrangements also were being made to create on May. 1 two new military departments on the Atlantic coasts. All three steps were in accord with orders- issued yesterday to the Presi dent to put the nation on a war foot ing. About 20,000 men will have to be enrolled in order to bring the navy up to the required strength. The re cruits will be used to man the reserve ships ' The creation of the two new mili tary, departments was ordered as a means of dividing the immense respon sibility now devolving on the com mander and staff of the eastern de partment. " ; National guard organization will be assigned to guard industrial plants and other property, public or, private, in their respective states, in case of war. 1 President Wilson had an engage ment today to confer with Charles J. Vopicka,American minister toRuman. la, Bulgaria and Serbia. He also plans to ( confer with congressional leaders during the week. First Connecticut Regiment Is Called Hartford, March 26 Under the call from the war department the Hartford companies of the First regi ment, Connecticut Infantry, assem bled in th;e armory today. The men were ordered to report at 7 a. mf tout there were man straeselrs, owing to unavoidable delays ' lJ- notifying the , men on short notice. ; There was' little excitement around the armory, but a deep Interest wai . (Continued on Pab JJU . V".