Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER: MARCH 29, 1917
MILITARY STRENGTH OF STATE
ONLY 3,799 MEN IN NATIONAL
GUARD AND NAVAL VOLUNTEERS
How the Units Are Disposed With Number of Enlist
7 ;nients and Required Enlistments to Bring Organ
izations Up to Full Fighting Strength.
FpiiA - xt 1-.' . 1 "I .1
(has a present strength of 'l48 officers
and 3, 274 -enlisted men. "For war
. RervtcA it la
, strength of 210 officers and 6,413 men.
It is thus short sixty-two officers and
3,187 enlisted men of the number
which it will have to .have after it
is CallAlV nut ' Viir nraeiilant TTi P-Vl
officersin it believe it will be called
out in the near future, and the call
will include all its units. ,
On the standard of peace strengrth,
which is technicallv reauired at pres
ent, the military force of the state
makes a 'fairx showing. It. is weak
in the number of officers, but not so
x weakj in the number of men. Peace
" .. strength now reauired is 188 officers
' a'hd 3,460-enlisted men. "War strength
Will be obtained by recruiting, f ? '
Ouantitivelv the .Connecticut Na
tional Guard is below par; from the
standpoint of quality it stands high.
Its value to the . government in case
of rouble was enhanced fully 50 per
cent, by its service at the border last
- summer. Adjutant General George
M. " Cole says. - Its morale he calls
splendid. As an efficient fighting or
ganization it stand's close to the top of
all the National Guards Of the coun
try.' It has' been praised highly by
army officials for its showing at the
border. But it heeds men. '
' The guard is ; fully equipped, ex-
jcept in tents, for . peace strength
Units in it may not be so equipped to
day, but all the necessary supplies are
'on hand and. they .are. being distribut
VV ed as quickly as possible. Equipment
for war strength is being considered
and it will not take long to get it.
It will be a different National liuara
: ; from v that called out last June -that
-K' will ' be called out this spring. , . .It
will be partly different in personnel.
' because of. the many resignations . of
-officers, it will be mobilized 1 in a ,dif-
, ferent manner and it will, have had
, training in the field. Under the na
tional defense act of June 3, 1916, it
may be drafted, into. the. federal ser-
'vice by' the president and will not
v have to7 ibe mustered 'in. From the
t moment the president's proclamation
' is read to it, it passes out of the
hands of the state.
It is likely that it 'will be held in
armories , after mobilization and -not
"sent to Niantic.as it was last ' June.
From the armories it will "probably
... ' be , transf erred to ' ,' training camps.
' Wherft these toill be or what nart
) tti estate camp ' at Nlantic will play
' in ' the master, is conjecture. Gen
eral Wood has .been looking over pos
sible sites for training camps in New
England, however. ,: ; '. " -V ,
V The guard is below the minimum
strength required by the federal gov-
ernment, but itIs , being recruited to.
'. that strength. '? Recruiting recently
has been more productive of results
ythan , formerly; enlistments are be
coming more numerous; partly, it is
' believed, because 'jot the international
.situation. , ... , '
, - The militia Jb ill passed by the gen--h
f era! assembly at its present session,
- to 'make thef state law conform to the
; national defense act .and the state
troops to ' the. requirements of that
' act, provides that any organization 'of
the National Guard "which, in time
: ; of ; peace is , below the;', required
v: strength may be filled to that strength
by , means of drafts in the town or
city where the organization is locat
s'. d or in adjacent towns or cities.
The ; drafting provision has not been
: put into - effect because ' of the com
s paratively . .simll difference between
present actual strength and 'because
v ' of . the belief that this difference
would " be "made up - soon '-" jby enlist-
snents. ' . v ' - . ,
When the guard is called out, it will
: be recruited to war strength. . This
Juard Officers. It is believed the
jguard will be filled to war strength
of officers, that is largely due. to the
fact that many are waiting for exam
4 . ' viriation, required by the government,
i before they receive' their "commissions.
There are about sixty of these offi-
- ers jvho will be examined 1 in Hart
ford and New Haven,, early in Aprils,
v .The Connecticut National Guard,"
outside of the , adjutant-general's, in-spector-general's,
and ordnance departments, consists of
a .quartermaster corps, a field hbspi-
' tal company, an ambulance company,
- a dental corps,, a radio company, two
field artillery, . thirteen companies of
coast artillery; two regiments of in1
fah try and a separate Infantry com
pany. .' ''.';' -' ;
A, regimhtof infantry consists of
twelve lettered companies, divided in
to three battalions, and a machine gun
company, a supply Company, and a
headquarterscompariy. It has a col--,
onel, a " lieutenaht-colonel and three
majors'," one for each battalion. The
Coast' artillery has a colonel, . a lieutenant-colonel
and three majors, in
addition to the company officers. The
' other organizations have no officers
- higher than captains. .: '
The present strength of organiza
tions, the : present , required - peace
strength and the yequired war
strength are shown in the following
table: .,' - -
, ' Present . .
V. ' Officers. Men
Second regiment .......
roop A ..............
Coast artillery (13 com--V
panies) ... ... ... . 45
, Field artillery (2 battal
ions) . ............ .
Radio company .........
Field f hospital i : . i . ; .
Ambulance company . . . .
'' . ' -
First regiment ......... 51
1 Second regiment. ....... 51
Troop A 3
Troop B ..... . . . . . '. p . . . 3
Coast artillery, '(13 com-
panies) .............. 53
t Field artillery, (2 battal-
' jiojofO ...... 10
First regiment 56 2,002
Second regiment ....... 56 -2,002
Troop A 3 105
Troop B ; 3 105
Coast artillery, (13 .com- '
panies) 53 1,521
Field artillery, (2 battai- .
lions) 10 380
Radio company 3 75
Field hospital .... . . . . . 6 73
Ambulance company . . . . 5 150
It will be seen from this that the
First regiment is ; short both . officers
and men; the Second regiment ,short
of officers"; Troop A short one offi
cer; Troop B above strength; the
Coast Artillery short of ' officers and
men; the Field artillery short of offi
cers and men, and the Radio com
pany short two men, and the Field
Hospital and Ambulance companies
short both of men and officers. . The
shortage of officers 1 will, be largely
made up after the examinations and
the shortage of men, except in the ca
ses of the Field artillery and the First
regiment, is not marked. The peace
strength after July 1, 117, will be
increase, under the provisions of the
National Defense act, and after July
1, 1918, it will become the same as
for like units of the regular army.
Only tyo , companies in the -First
regiment, ;V3ompanies C and G, in Mid
dletown and South Manchester, res
pectively, have the required number
of officers and men. Three have on
ly, one officer. The remainder have
two. The peace strength of a let
tered company is three officers and
sixty-ftve men; its war strength is
three officers and 150 men. Nine of
the , companies are below peace
strength "as regards ' men. , The
strength of the lettered companies is:
Company A. one officer,-' 84 men;
Company -B, : two officers, 62men; C,
3 officers, 66 men; D, 2 officers 73
men; E, 2 officers, 46 men; F, 2 of
ficers, 46 men; F, 2 officers, 66 men;
G, 3 officers 90 men; ,H, 2 officer's, 68
men; I, 2 officers, 5 4 men; Zi, 2 officers
41 men; M, one officer, 62 men.' Of
the other companies, the Headquar
ters company, whose , peace strength
should be .one officer and fifty-eight
men, has one officer and seventeen
men; the Machine Gun ' company,
which should have four officers and
flfty-thTee men, has three officers and
forty-eight men;. and the Supply com
pany, which Jihould have two officers
and thirty-seven ( men, has one officer
and nineteen men.' The regiment has
no chaplain, r .
The same condition . prevails in thC
Second regiment, in a modified form.
It has five companies with the requl-;
site three officers and 6ur with only
one. Five companies, A, C D, H 'and
M, have required strength. The Ma
chine Gun, ' Headquarters and Sup
ply companies are all below strength,
the Supply company lacking one offi
cer and about ten men and the others
lacking! about twenty men apiece. Five
of the lettered companies are below
strength as regards men. One, Com
pany A, has ten more men than are
required .for war strength, and has
three officers. ; It is a Waterbury
company. -The Firt Separate' com
pany, wnose neaaquaners are at xsew
Haven, has two officers and fifty-seven
meni .' -, .
The peace strength of a battery of
field artiliery is five officers and 126
men. Battery E has five officers and
114 men; Battery' F has four .officers
and 120 men. : The war strength is
five officers, and 190 men. The bat
teries have just returned from the bor
der. . '
The peace strength of a company of
coastj artillery is three officers and sixty-five
men. Three of the , thirteen
companies, have the requisite number
of men and officers and two the. re
quisite number of officers. All except
three are cshort of men or officers. The
three are the Tenth of New London,
the" Ninth of Stamford, and the Eighth
of Danbury. The Eleventh has only
forty-five men; the others are in the
fifties or sixties. 1
There are two officers ' in the ad-jutant-general's'department,
the inspector-general's department,
none in the judge-advocate's depart
ment,' onejn the ordnance department
and three officers and four men ii the
The entire medical . department, in
cluding the Ambulance and Field Hos
pital companies, the dental corps and
the officers assigned to units, has four
teen officers and 143 men.
There are eighteen men in the Na
tional Guard reserve. v
The Naval militia should have 700
officers- and men for peace strength.
It has a total of 345 twenty-one of
ficers and 324 men. There are five
divisions and a sixth, an aeronautic
division, is now being formed. The
total of National Guard and Naval
tnilitia, both officers and men, is,3,
7'79. ': - .
Of the five Naval militia divisions,
four are deck divisions and one (an
engineers' division. The aeronautic
division -is a-borning. ' Ensign John
B. Cooper of Bridgeport, a profes
sional aviator, and four men are now
at Pensacola, Fla., at the navy avia
tion training camp. : The state has
appropriated. $5,000 fbr an. aviation
camp ,to be used by the division, at
The establishment of this camp was
urged iby the navy department upon the
state after the present crisis develop
ed, and a bill was rushed through the
legislature, under suspension of the
rules, appropriating the necessary
money. A hangar 'will be erected and
aeroplanes will be furnished by the
government. On purpose of the camp
is to provide a protection against pos
sible submarines in Long Island sound
an aeronautic defense being consider
ed a necessity for a danger of this
In the matter of equipment, the
National guard is now, Adjutant-General
Cole says, in good condition. Upon
the return of the guard from tfie bor
der last fall, the wornout equipment
was turned' in, and new has been or
is being issued, requisitions -having
been made upon the government for
it. . More than $1,000,000 worth of
equipment has already been issued by
Colonel Henry S. Dorsey, army dis
bursing officer. Carloads of it have
been received, and what has not al-
not already been distributed is being
sent, to the units of the guard as
quickly as is possible. With that dis
tributed or to be distributed, there is
more than enough for the peace
strength of the guard, including rifles.
The matter of tentage wlil be in the
hands of the government when it
calls out the guard.
When the president calls the: Na
tional guard into the service of the
nation, it will be a guard that numbers
half of the required war strength, a
guard that is well equipped, and a
guard that has a good morale and that
is efficient. Its training, at the bor
der last summer made it more effi
cient than it had ever been before;
the work which it has done since has
increased that efficiency. Some com
panies have held more than the re
quired number of drills, -which is 24
in 6 months. As -result of its train
ing at the border, it will need a short
er period in camp.
That there will be a training camp
for it seems a matter of no doubt.
Although its movements after it has
been called out are purely matters of
conjecture now, it is believed that it
will be. held "in its armories for a
while, and then sent to a training
camp. The machinery of its mobiliza
tion, except that it passes from the
state's hands when it is drafted into
the federal service, will not differ
greatly from that of last summer, ex
cept that the oil of experience will
cause it to run more smoothly. Its
distribution and .its destination are
things aboutv which no officer of the
guard has any knowledge.
Orders which General Cole has re
ceived from the war department, say.
however, that all the units of the
guard are subject to call. They say
"The mobilization and muster into
the United States service will be under
the direction of the department com
manders. The n latter will designate
the 1 point of mobilization of the
troops of their respective departments,
which will not necessarily be the pre
scribed mobilization camp sites. They
will also make provision for . shelter,
recruitment and the formation of bat
talions, in the eventuality of war.
"The maximum strength at which
organizations will be accepted will be
the maximum strength' authorized by
act of congress approved June 3, 1916,
for like' organizations of the regulars.
Members of the state . administrative
staffs designated in the letter from the
militia bureau of December 11, 1916,
wiir be accepted sand utilized for the
purposes of proper . camp administra
tion, and ' for organization, - recruit
ment, supply and administration of re
serve recruit training battalions.
"Where recognized brigades" of di
visions exist and all components of
such organizations are accepted, the
headquarters and staff officers per
taining of these units, in accordance
with the tables of organizations. Uni
ted States army, will be accepted.
xOn recept of the presid t's call
the division commander will report
for orders by telegraph to the com
mander of the eastern department."
The commander of . the eastern de
partment is Major General Leonard
Wood. . "
In one thing .there will be a strik
ing difference from last ; year;- the
dependents of "National guardsmen
will be. 'cared for by law. The mili
tia bill' provides that "Whenever the
national guard, naval militia, or volun
teer troops of the state shall be called
into active military service in time of
war, reasonable apprehension thereof,
riot or rebellion, the state of Connec
ticut shall pay separation allowances
weekly to actual and t bona-fide de
pendent of any members of the na
tional . guard, naval militia, or volun
teer forces so called into active ser
vice." These allowances will be on a
basis of not more than $20 a month
to the wife of . each soldier and not
more than $6 a month for each minor
child under 10 years, the total not to
exceed $50 a month. "A state board,
consisting of the governor, the sec
retary, the treasurer and the compr
troller, will have charge' of the pay
ment of allowances. '
The main thing now is to get men.
"We want to get them now," the ad
jutant general says. He recognizes
the fact that six years of service in
the National Guard is repugnant to
some young men, but he believes, nev
ertheless, that a man's duty to his
government is greater than his selfish
interests. . He believes that, if the
guard is called, it will be recruited to
its war strength, but recruits are de
sired before the war comes. The Na
tional i Guard is the military force' of
the state; it will become part of the
military force of the nation. It needs
The governor is commander-in-chief
of the National Guard, except
when it is called into the active ser
vice of the United States. Under him,
at the head of the guard, is the adjutant-general,
George M; Cole, with the
rank of brigadier-general. He has
an assistant, Major Edward Schulze.
The adjutant-general is also acting
chief quartermaster. His assistant, as
such, is Major Michael J. .Wise.
Colonel' Richard J. Goodman com
mands the Firstv regiment, Connecti
cut infantry, National "-Guard; Lieutenant-Colonel
Edwin E. Lamb is next
in commanfdi. - The majors are John L.
Purcell, Second battalion; and Geo.
J. Rau. Third battalion- WHliom T
l r w AAAACAXAX J,
Hascall has been appointed major for
tne "irst battalion, but has not yet
taken his examination.
The Second regiment is command
ed by Colonel Ernest L. Isbell, and
the lieutenant-colonel is George E.
Hall. Major Henry .A, Beebe, Third
battalion; MajorDaniel W. Lanouette,
First battalion, and Major William F.
Alcorn, Second battalion, are other
regimental officers. Its headquarters
are in New Haven.
Colonel Henry S. Dorsey commands
the Connectictit Coast artilery, Na
tional Guard; Vincent M. King is
lieuten.ant-cojonel, and - majors., are
Morris B. Payne, John J Haff and
Stephen T. Smith, Jr. Its headquar
ters are in New London.
The Radio company, Connecticut
Signal corps, National Guard, is com
manded by First Lieutenant Curtiss L.
Sheldon. Its headquarters are in
Troop A, Connecticut Cavalry, Na
tional Guard, is commanded by Frank
E. Wolf, and Troop B by Captain
Morgan G. Bulkeley, Jr. The first
is in New Haven.
Battery E .Connecticut Field artil
lery, National Guard, Branford, is
commanded by Captain John J. Ahem
and Battery F, of Stamford, by Cap
tain John A. Twachtman.
First Lieutenant Samuel W. Titus
is in command of the First Separate
company Connecticut infantry. Na
The commander of the Naval mili
tia, whose headquarters are in New
Haven, is Cassius B. Barnes.
I m ;
"I - IP- -
Perfect Fit is Impossible
WxtLout Custom Tailoring
$25, $30 to $50
To Your Measure '
ABOUT STATE :
This Board is in receipt of numer
ous inquiries as to the purpose and
scope of the Home Gua,rd and the ex
tent of , duty required of" its members,
and it has been deemed advisable to
issue the following statement in
answer to these inquiries.
The Home Guard is a State organ
ization, under State control and au
thority, nad subject'to the order of the
Governor. It calls for duty only with
in the State. The two main purposes
are home military training and de
fense. - x
The organization of the Home Guard
at this time affords an opportunity
for systematic mobilization of the
military resources of the State as dis
closed by the recent military census,
exclusive of the National Guard and
the Naval Militia and thos(e who , can
be held for enlistment therein.
This Board-will give every aid and
encouragement to the recruiting to
war strength of the . National " Guard
and Naval Militia and does not intend
to have the Home Guard in any way
act as a deterrent to enlistment in the
,In the event of a call for volun
teers, any man in the Home Guard
will receive an honorable discharge
whenever he, enlists in the volunteer
forces. , Until such a call comes, those
who intend to respond to the call and
cannot enlist in the National Guard
should avail themselves of the mili
tary training which will be afforded
in the Home Guard. , '
In response to many inquiries as to
the nature and probable length of ser
vice, this Board calls attention to
the fact that the Home Guard bill
which was originally introduced in the
Legislature, was to create a perma
nent reserve organization, to be call
ed into service in the event of the
National Guard . organization being
sent out of the. State.
The recent mobilization of the Na
tional Guard on the Mexican border
showed the need of making some pro
vision for a Home Guard to take the
place of the National Guard within
the State. ,
Enlistment in the Home Guard is
for a period of two-years.In the event
of the passing of the present emer
gency and there being hq immediate
need of the services of the Home
Guard, its members will undoubtedly
be relieved from active service, but
held in reserve to await any further
emergency during their term of en
listment. During the time the Home
Guard is held in reserve it is not prob
able that drills will be frequent.
As to the place of duty while in
active service, all that the Board can
say is that, while it is not probable
that any of the Home Guard organi
zations will be sent from its home
town or immediate vicinity, yet it is
possible that emergencies may arise
thafe will make it necessary to use
them for duty in other parts of the
This Board does not contemplate
the establishment of any general
training camp, intending to have the
companies instructed and drilled in
their home towns,', under competent
drill masters. ;
As to pay, the bill creating the Home
Guard provides that when the Home
Guard is called into service the om
cers and men shall be paid for their
services, but at no greater rate than
that paid the National Guard while it
is in active service.
Their dependents may receive the
separation allowances provided for in
recent Act concerning the militia ap
proved1 March 8i 1917.
Unmarried men between the ages
of. 18, and 35 who are physically fit
for service in ' the National Guard or
the United States Army vor Navy,
should make application at the Re
cruiting Stations" of such organiza
All men between the ages of 18 and
35, residents in towns or in adjacent
towns in which a unit of the National
Guard is maintained, are liable for
service in x the National Guard and
should not seek ' enlistment' in the
Home Guard until the National Guard
units, in which th'ey should become
members, are enlisted to the strength
required by Law. . '
All men between ages bf 17 and 60
resident in towns in which a unit of
the National Guard is not maintained
or which is not adjacent to a town
in which a uplt of the National Guard
is maintained can enlist, in the Home
Details of temporary organization
have already been issued and full in
formation as to permanent organiza
tion will be sent out later. In the
meantime recruiting officers with the
information already at hand must use
their own discretion and common
sense in answering the numerous in
quiries that are made. If a man
wishes to be assured that he will nev
er have to leave his business or home
under any circumstances he should
not be enlisted. '
Recruiting officers will forward all
enlistment blanks to the chief clerk
op- Military Emergency Board, Hart
ford, Conn., by registered mail, re
turn "receipt required." All enlist
ment blanks should be' made out in
Dated at Hartford, this 27th day of
MILITARY EMERGENCY BOARD
LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Beeves Steers sold at $8.75 . $12
per 100 lbs; oxen at $9.25; bulls at $6.50
$10; cows at $4 $8.25; 2 head at
Calves Common to prime veals sold
at $12 $15 per 100 lbs; culls at $9
$11; skim milk calves at $8; fed calves
at $6.50 $19. City dressed veals,
18 1-2 23 l-2c; country dressed at
16 1-2 22c.
Sheep Common and medium sheep
sold at $8 g $10 per 100 lbs; culls, $6.50;
common to . prime lamlbs, $12.50
$15.75, including clipped lamibs at $12.50
$13.75; culls, at $10 $11; a few
spring lambs, $5 $9 per head; dressed
mutton, 14 18c dressetd lambs, 19
23c; country dressed hothouse lambs.
$10 $11.40 per carcass for prime, $3
$8 for others.
Hogs iLAght to heavy weights sold
at $14 $15.25 per 100 libs; pigs, $12.75
$13.50; roughs, $13.25 $13.50; coun
try dressed hogs, 17 2lc.
JERSEY SAFETY COUNCIL.
Trenton, March 29. At the call of
Gov. Edge the mayors of municipali
ties met at the state house yesterday
and formed the New Jersey commit
tee on public safety. ,
FUNERAL DESIGNS AND
JOHN RECK A SOIf
A Talented Man in
rjHHERE'S a man on the 10th floor
A of a fine big tailoring shop in New
York who does nothing but cut fine
clothes and superintend their making.
He's developed his trade into a fine
art he calls it a profession.
He works from a careful, expertly pre
pared chart of your body and person
ality which he studies, analyzes, until
he feels he knows liis subject as well
as if he'd measured him personally.
Then he goes to work and produces a
garment that will fit its wearer as if it
grew on him, following his every line,
accentuating the good points of his
stature, often indulgently remedying
the hollows that are where they should
The tailoring shop is that of the famous
house of B. Stern & Son. We are the
experts that prepare the chart of your
figure. ' .
and the combination of our personal
service with the great Stern tailoring
organization behind us makes it possible
for us to offer you the finest type of
custom tailoring at the reasonable prices
of $25, $30 to $50.
l ie. wmm
RECRUITING ' STATION
OF CONN. HOME GUARD
COUNCIL CHAMBER, CITY '
HALL, THIRD FLOOR.
Recruiting officer continuously in
in charge from 11 a. m. to 9 p. m.
All men between the ages of 17
and 60, not liable for service in the
National Guard are eligible to join
the Hpme Guard,
Uniform and equipment furnish
ed by the state. Pay while in active
service same as regular 'militia.
Recruiting officers I Hon. Clifford
B. JWilson, Dana R. August, Fred ,
eric A. Bartlett, George M. Bald
win, Nathaniel W. Bishop, Fred J.
Breckbill, Stephen P. Cronan, J.
J. Farmer, John T. King, John A.
Leonard, v J. Alex. II. Robinson,
William E Eeeley, Harry C. Stev
enson, Hon. George W. Wheeler. .
Schedule of Officers in Charge,
March 26 31, Inc.
Thursday, March 29th, 11 1 p.
m., , J. Alex. H. Robinson; 1 5 p.
. m., George . M Baldwin, 5 -7 p. m.,
J Alex H Robinson and Stephen
P. Cronan;; 7 9 p. m., Dana R.
Friday, March 30th, 11 1 p. m.,
J. Alex IT Robinson; 16 p. m,;
Hon George W. Wheeler; 6 9 p.
m., Frederick A. Bartlett.
'Saturday, March 31st., 11 1 P.
m., J. Alex. II. Robinson; 15 p.
m., Hon Clifford B ' Wilson; 57
m., J. J. Farmer; 7 9 p. m., Fred
V : '
N. Y. Wholesale Prices.
Butter Creamery, higher than ex
tras, per lb, 42 1-2 43c; extras, 42c;
dairy, tuibs, finest, 40 1-2 41c; good
to prime, 38 40c.
Eggs Fresh gathered, extras, per
doz., 31c; storage packed, firsts, 30 l-2c;
duck eggs, 42 '1-2 43c.
lAipples King, bbl, $3 $6; Northern
iSlpiy, $3.50 $7; Winesajp, $4 $6.50;
Ben Davis, $3 $4; Baldwin, $3.50
$5.50; Greening, $3.50 $6.50; Russet,
$2 $4. v
Hay and Straw Baled, timothy, No.
1, per ton, $22 $23; (No. 3 to No. 2,
$17 $21; shipping, $15 $16; no
grade, $13 $14; fancy light clover,
mixeia, $20 $21;. No. 1 clover, mixed,
$17 8 $19; lower grade clover, mixed,
$13 $16. Straw, rye, No. 1, $13
$14; No. 2, $12.
Hothouse Products Beet tops, bush
el, $1.50 $1.75. Cucumbers, No. 1, per
dozen, $1 $1.50. Mint, per dozen
(bunches, 30 50c. Mushrooms, white,
4 lb bsk, $1.50 $1.75. Ra'dishes 100
ibunches, $2.50 $5. t
Poultry. Dressed- Turkeys, young.
average best, 28 30c; old hens or
tarns. 28 30c. Chickens, coarse ana
staggy, 21 24c; fancy broilers, 45
50c. Capons, fancy, 8-10 Tbs each, sac.
Fowls, 48-60 lbs and over to dozen, 24
24 l-2c. Squaibs, prime, white, 6-10
lbs and over to dozent per dozen, $2.50
Vegetables Potatoes. Bermuda, late
crop, bbl, $8 $11; Virginia, late crop,
ibbl, $6.50 $7; FJorilda, new, WDl, 55 S
$10; Long Island, Ibulk, 180 lbs, $7.50
$8.50. Onions, old, yellow,' 10Q lb bag,
$6 ; red, $4 $7; wliite, $6 3 $3.
Turnips, white, -bbl, $5 $7; rutabaga,
tobl, $2 $2.50. ' .
BISHOP READY TO FIGHT.
Springfield, Mass., March 29 Bish
op Thomas F. Davies of the Episco
pal diocese of western Massachusetts
to-day offered to Mayor F. E. Stacy
his services in any way they may be
needed in the Springfield home de-
f ense league now being formed.
iimti orniiTinnn .
HN I J-OTUI I IdU
Russia the Fortress of Feel
ing Says American Jew-: A V
ish Newspaper. ; V
With the fall of the old Russia, or
anti-Semitic fortress , of Europe, -all
the other : anti-Semitic outer ; forts
A. M , , 11 T..lMl.
in us i Lu.ii, sa-ya tuts Aiirenvau i c w ioix
Chronicle, discussing i editorially " the
revolution in Russia. As a conse
quence of the changes to come in the
Jewish life :in Russia,-' the Jewish
groups all over the world will be af
f ected. ; With . freedom of movement"
in Russia for the Jew, less reason is
seen for him to leave that country.
ana it is expected even tnat a large
number in this country may return
to Russia after the war. With the
disappearance of Governmentar anti
Semitism in Russia and other Euro
pean countries, the elimination ' of a
nervous, radical element is predicted. '
The editorial reads in part:
"The changes to come in Russian
Jewish life as a conseauent of 'the
emancipation of the Jews will great
ly affect the various Jewish groups
all over the world. V There has been
much speculation during the last two
years as to whether there will be a
Met .Tfiwlsb Immi rr tlnn tn Amsrlro
from eastern Europe after the "wan
All these speculations are out of , place
now, because if the Jew can move
freely Jn Russia, there will be no rea
son for him to leave the country of
his birth., The' causes of imfnigra
tlon, political, economical, , religious,
social, and cultural oppression, . will
disappear on the day the Russian Jews
are given their freedom and immigra
tion will thus mechanically come to a
stop. It is even to be expected that
a large number oi Russians in this
country will return to Russia as soon
as their brethren are emancipat
ed and peace is concluded. The same
siding in England and France.
"The number of Jewish radicals of
Russian origin was quite out of pro-
nortion to the Jewish population in.
Russia; we are justified in assuming
that these radicals were the product
of the old regime . in Russia. With ,
the disappearance of the old regime
Jewish radicalism in Russia will as-;
sume more normal proportions and '
will relieve the Jewish1 people .of a
burden and world-politics of unpleas
ant tension. When European hu
manity treats us with (justice-it will
soon find out that .we are everything
but a destructive element, and when
it comes ' to believe in our conserva
tive integrity it will give us full free-,
dom to co-operate in the worR-of its
JUDGE CURTIS TO OPEN .
NEW TERM HERE FRIDAY
Judge -William L. Bennett has fin
ished his term in the civil superior
court here. Judge Howard J. Curtis
will open a new . term Friday morn
ing when he presides over the short
calendar session. A large number of
motions are to be argued and - also
six divorces are assigned me