Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. 53-NO. 84
BRIDGEPORT, CONN., SATURDAY, APRI 7, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
Refusing to Submit to Seizure by United States Of -
; ficers, Crew of Interned Warship Cormoran
Blow Her Up at Pier in Guam Seven of
Ship's Complement Are Killed and More Than
300 Are Taken Prisoners Had Given Trouble
A to Navy Since Her Internment.
' ; Washington,' April 7 The interned German cruiser Cor
moran at Guam has 'been blown up. , y
The Cormoran refused to surrender to the American forces
which went to take possession of her and was destroyed by her
crew. Two German warrant officers and five enlisted men of
the crew were killed in the explosion.
Twenty officers, I2r warrant of ficers and .321 enlisted men
were taken prisoner. .
r The navy department's announcement said: ;
J "The interned German cruiser Cormoran at Guam refused to
surrender, blew herself Up, killing two warrant officers and five
enlisted, men.. Twenty officers, 12 warrant officers and 321 en
listed men were taken prisoner-"
The message was received at the navy department at v a. m.
-today from Capt. Roy Smith, governor of Guam, and command
ant of the naval station thereV V
Th&destr ition of the Cormoran took place at 8 o'clock last
.night, Washington time. ' " M ,"'
' .' Internment, of -the Cormoran at Guam has been the cause of
continual conflict inid disagreeable incidents between the Amer
ican, naval officers in charge of the island and' the German crew.
' On; several occasions former. German Ambassador Von
, Bernstorff; appealed . to the state department on behalf of the
' Cormoran's, officers and crewto have the vessel transl erred to
San Francisco Each time the navy department refused- ,
The Cormoran was chaffed into Guam by Japanese war
ships soon after the declaration of war between Japan and Ger
many. The ship had exhausted her fuel 'supply raiding com
merce and was compelled to burn her woodwork structure to
niake teairi to reach that 'po -p- ?V ; -
REVIUH6 FLfli; MITCH
TRIES. Tl CULL 8MB
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7 , Waterbury, April 1 John x Hur- j
nick, 31,; who said he was a Russian,
was bound ovr todav to the superior
court in- bond's of $1,000 y Judge
John . F. McGrath on ' the technical
charge of breach - of ' the peace. 1 It
was charged that Hurnicfc had Insult
ed the American flag by saying "dk
Hell with-, the flag; America Is no
good." : . v ' ' '
' William Lanlco, who overheard Hur-
nick, made complaint to the police.
HTurnidk . denied baring insulted the
. flag. ; .
San Francisco, April 7.V-Franz Bopp,
Jformer German consul general, under
prison sentence, for violating American
jjieutrallty, telephoned to federal au
ithoritles here today from St. Helena,
jCal.v that he was on his way to sur
render. ..; , : " t
A few - minutes ipreviously f eld'eral
fagenti (announced that he was a fugi
tive, believing he was headin'g for the
Wilt Examine Home '
Guards Here Tonight
Because of the fact that the armory
floor is now. engaged for government
purposes the Home Guard,drill sched
uled for tonight has been postponed
and will not occur -until 2:30 o'clock
tomorrow when Eagles' hall will be
used for that purpose. -
The examining physicians 'detailed
for duty in connection with the Home
: Guard will be in this city tonight to
examine enlisted men 'at city hall.
They will work between . 7 and 9
' p. m., and will again be in session at
Eagles' hall at 2 o'clock , tomorrow
afternoon. All men enlisted in the
) Home Guard who have not heretofore
' foeen examined must report at once.
Allied Forces Lose
44 Airplanes in One
. Day on French Front
Berlin, April 7, via London. The
.Entente allies yesterday lost 44jair
j planes on the western fronts says the
-j official statement today by thev Ger
jman , army headquarters. Thirty-three
i of the British or French machineU
i were destroyed int aerial engagements,
jrive German airplanes, the statement
dds, did not -return.
Judge McGrath also ordered John
Grosnoff, 38, a Lithuanian, held for
the superior court in $2,000 on the
charge ;of i assault with intent to kill.
Grosnoff, it is alleged, ' fired a shot
through the window of his home at
Private Norman England of Company
B, First Connecticut infantry, who
was . patrolling the property . of the
New HaveSi road close to Grosnoff' s
boarding place. The bullet struck the
ground a few feet in front of Private
England and tore a hole " in the
ground, according to England's testi.
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GIVE UP ARMS
TO THE POLICE
Superintendent of PoliceJohn H.
Redgate will advise all Germans In
this city to immediately comply with
the regulation contained in President
"Wilson's war declaration, and suggests
they Immediately turn over to the po
lice - any and all firearms, cartridges
or other ammunition in their posses
sion , - . , , '
N The regulation states that alien ene
mies must -not have in their possession
arms, explosives or ingredients of any
description used in the manufacture
or explosives. In view of this fac
Redgate has deemed it imcessarv t
inaugurate immediate steps to see that
tnis provision of the declaration is
promptly effected. .
The regulation embodied in the war
declaration reads as follows:.
"And pursuant to the authority vest
ed in me, I hereby declare and estab
lish the following regulations, which I
-find necessary in the premises and for
the public safety:
"An alien enemy shall not have in
his possession at any time or place
any firearms, weapons or implement
of war, or component parts thereof,
ammunition, Maxim or other' silencer
arms or 'explosives or material used
in the manufacture of explosives."
Governor Beady to
Law In Connecticut
If the situation in the state war
rants the action, Gov. Marcus H. Hol
comb is ready to declare Connecticut
under, martial law, according to a
statement which he gave out yester
day affer being informed that Presi
dent Wilson had signed the war reso
lution. "We are in it now, and I am ready,
to take any action necessary," said
the governor. "Of course it is im
possible to -say at the present time
just what teps will have to be taken
here, but if the situation warrants the
action I will declare martial law in
London, April 7 Passports have been placed at the disposal of the American embassy in
Vienna,1 according to a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Go. from The Hague, quoting
telegrams received there from the Austrian capital. The dispatch says that Bulgaria and
Turkey also have decided to break off relations with the United States and that Holland
probably will look after Austrian interests in Washington and American interests in Vienna.
NO WORD IX YVASIHXGTOIV OF AUSTRIAN BREAK
Washington, April 7 Word that the Austro-Hurigarian foreign office had placed pass
ports at the disposal of the American embassy in Vienna had not reached the Austrian em
bassy here early today, according to Prince Hohenlohe-Schillingshorst, one of the embassy
attaches. ' ' '
ENTIRE NAVY STRENGTH OF
IS MOBILIZED; U. S. PLANS
91 GERM VESSELS
Military ;Necessity Eeqtiires
TliaS Gcernment Take
Oyer SectioiL : of liand
There Sentries Will
Shoot If Necessary.
Military necessity ,has caused, the
government to take "Seaside park for
military purposes. " : -
The section taken ; is immediately
adjacent to the soldiers' and sailors'
monument, on. the east' driveway and
.boulevard. . i
ThV jrovernment acquisition will
hereafter 'bar all civilians whether on
foot or in' vehicles from a portion of
the boulevard driveway and, also that
portion of the lawn occupied oy
, All persons are hereby warned by
government order to observe the com
mands of sentries and to detour at
allured light observations, marks or
flags during, the 1 day or night.
Sentries will challenge and shoot
when orders are ' not observed.
OF GERMANS TO
The 13 German organizations of
various social and political construc
tion in-this city will hold a. meetjng
according to a leading German citizen,
Charles Keller, manager of thei Free
Employment bureau, and will adopt
resolutions pledging their loyalty to
this nation and their support of Pres
TTirtL fifirman-American Alliance, of
hich each of the societies sends three
delegates, will be the body to act Of
ficially on the matter. The date" set
for the meeting had not been held,
but it will .probably take place as soon
as the arrangements can be made to
notify the delegates.
Keller stated this waS considered a
necessary step in view of the war
declaration although he maintained
the loyalty of the ' German -American
citizen of Bridgeport has never been
and is ilot subject to the slightest
'.'Proof of this" loyalty is given by
the fact that three of our members
have enlisted since the war declara
tion," asserted Keller. ?
Home Guard Officers
Report 4,922 Recruits
Hartford, April 7 Col. James
Geddes, Li-rut.-Co. Alfred . J. Wolff,
Capt. C. P. Goss, Jr., adjutant, and
Capt. John M. Burrell, quartermaster
of the Naugatufck valley regiment of
the Connecticut Home Guard, head
quarters, visited the state headquar
ters today. The. officers held a con
ference with Co. Lucien F. Burpee,
chairman of the state military emer
gency board. Among the matters
taken up was the acquiring of a suita
ble place for the Home Guard of
Waterbury to drill in.
There have been 4,922 enlistment
blanks received at the state head
quarters. Windsor Locks sent In 99
this morning; .
Second Day of War With
Germany Finds Govern
ment Bending Every En
ergy to Place Army and
Navy Upon Full War
Naval Militia Called Out
7 and Coast Patrol Boats
Are Put on Duty Ships
, Taken Here Will Be Used
by the Government.
Washington, , April 1 The
secdnd dayN of war with Ger
many found every government
agency in action along pe-de-termined
lines, with congres
sional committees at work on
the new army bill and finance
The navy and its newly organised
power bbat coast patrol squadron was
being mobilized; naval militia and
naval reserves were complying with
orders to joln'the colors.
,From many cities came word that
United States marshals had carried
out orders of the department of jus
tice for arrest of 6 0 Germans whom
the government believes it dangerous
to allow at large.
Officials had about determined to
use the German merchant ships, near
ly 100 of which havebeen seized, for
government service, though no an
nouncement was ' made whether they
would be confiscated or paid for at the
close of the war.
Government .seizure of all wirelesa
stations and the closing of all except
those needed for naval communication
was authorized by President Wil-,
Both the war and navy departments
were arranging with contractors to
furnish enormous quantities of sup
plies; steel manufacturers agreed to
furnish the navy their product at last
year's prices, effecting a saving of
$18,000,000 in the navy's 1917 steel
bill; the treasury department devised
means of raising funds; subject to
Congressional authorization; and the
department of agriculture set forth
on a movement to increase 'and con
serve the nation's supply of foodstuffs
and to simplify distribution. Many
other similar activities were started
after the cabinet's council of war last
The House ' military committee met
today to hear Secretary taker's ex
planation of the army general staff
bill to draft and train 1,000,000 young
nfen within a year and the accom
panying three billion dollar budget,
all of which had President Wilson's
(Continued on Page 2.)
LARGEST FLAG IN
WORLD LIKELY TO
BE UNFURLED HERE
The biggest flag in the world, an
American flag, may he unfurled in
Bridgeport as a token of this city's
The flag is2now at the State Street
Casino, in a huge box. Spread out
on the Casino floor, it covers
nearly every inch of the auditor
ium. It measures 135 feet long
and 75 feet wide. .
Four men are required to carry
the flag. With its rigging, tackle
and the gun carriage on which it
is transported, it weighs half a
Wrben the flag was first raised,
four years ago, it was viewed by
25,000 persons who had gathered,
at Pleasure Beach, where the cere
mony was held.
. , It is expected that some patriotic
organization or private persons
will make arrangements to have
the flag displayed.
Hub Of War
Mothers, Sisters and Chil
' dreii Bid Goodbye to Sol
diersMilitia Called Out
-Mosquito Fleet Ordered
Military and naval activity in this
city today centered about the Ibig ar
mory in JVlam street where the mintia
companies which have already re
ceived the president's call, slept on
their arms last night or reported for
duty this morning. .
These companies called iby the Pres
' Second Company, C. A. C.
Fourth Company, C. A. C.
Third Division, Naval Militia, (in-,
cluidlng aviation corps).
Although recruiting to .full strength,
the Eleventh Company, C. A. C, the
First Connecticut Ambulance Corps
arid the Sanitary Detachment, C. A.
C, have not iyet received call for ac
avfull staff, is in charge of he federal
ization of the state troops here. Un
der his direction, company re-exatm-inations
are (being made today to in
sure theVphysical fitness of all the en-
jiaLciu men. .
Armory Bjg Barracks.
An unusual scene was presented in
the interior of the armory which has
been transformed into a monster bar
racks for the fitting out of troops. Big
army kitchens have been installed,
mess rooms appear where heretofore
corridors merely existed and the
necessary complement of cots for the
slumber of enlisted men have been in
stalled. It is likely that the armory
will be used as the center of all mili
tary training in Bridgeport as unit
after unit is called into service.
x Wh a military guard challeng
ing all persons seeking admission to
the armory, the west gallery of the
armory is kept intact for the recep
tion of mothers, relatives and friends
of soldiers enlisted, but not as yet
sent away from the city.
Several sad-eyed mothers were
comforted .by their sons. Khaki-clad
soldiers fondled their children be
tween calls to duty and sisters observ
ed' the movements , of "brothers doing
duty on the main floor of the building
A. big force of carpenters is en
gaged in making needed additions in
side for the quarters .o be occupied
by the First Connecticut Field ambu
lance company which heretofore had
quarters in Hartford.
Boy Scouts Praised
Throughout yesterday and last night
the United States Boy Scouts gave as
sistance to the regular and National
Guard officers. Fourteen boys were
i detailed during the daylight hours and
j two were on duty throughout the en
; tire night, running errands for officers
; and conducting officers about the city,
i Under command of their colonel, a
j captain and first lieutenant, two auto
l mobiles were also placed in the scout
service, which were useful in dissem
! inating the call for naval volunteers
last night. So well organized are the
scouts that 15 minutes after orders
were received in the armory they were
being flashed upon the screens of. as
many moving picture houses in this
I In speaking of the organization to
jday, Capt. Dengler, U. S .A., said:
"The Boy Scouts assisted materially in
the work done here carrying out or
ders promptly and efficiently. Well
conceived plans determined between
Col. Armstrong of the Scouts and the
x (Continued on. Pave 3.)
First Alarm of German-American War is Sounded
Off New England When Lightship Sights
Raider Another German Warship is Seen Off
Virginia Capes Navy Departments Acts
Promptly and Hostile Ship$ Are Assured of a
Warm Reception Shipping Kept in Port.
The first alarm of the German-American war was
sounded off. the New England coast this morning, when
tfce Nantucket shoal lightship flashed to the navy yard at i
Newport a warning that a German commerce raider had
passed the lightship. , . !
A little, later, Newport News, Va., was warned of the j
presence of another raider off jthe Virginia Capes. -
Steps were taken to keep all shipping in port and the
plans of the United States navy to meet such situations j
were put into operation.
" TUGS WARN SHIPPING OFF IR6iNIA
Newport News Va., April 7 The presence of a German
raider off the Virginia capes was officially reported here today.
A sea going tug has' been sent to sea to warn all outgoing and in
coming vessels and-to order all outgoing vessels to -turn back.
The tug is equipped with wireless and is expected to reach all
ships in the. danger zone. .
Capt. Scofield of the American steamer Matoa, now loading
here, said that the master of the tug called on him as he was
was passing out about b:30 a. m., and ordered him to remain in .
the harbor until further notice. ,
NAVY READY TO GREET RAIDER
Newport, R. I., April 7 Just before o'clock this morning
the Nantucket Shoal lightship flashed to the naval wireless sta
tion here that a German commerce raider had passed the light
ship, bound west. Instantly the plans of the navy for meeting
just such a situation became operative! and While they were ndt
disclosed, there, was assurance that if v the audacious warship
held her course she would be given a warm reception.
Meantime shipping: in the vicinity
was warned to' mak ports or holdits
anchorage. The weather was thick off
the coast and. it was noVexpected that
the stranger wou'Rjl ibe .sighted again
until -she was at close quarters with
one-of the vessels of the coast patroi
fleet. : 1
It was at 7:40 o'clock that, the wai
painted craft loomed out of the fog
some 50 miles south of Nantucket is
land and. afbout 85 miles east of New
port. ' She was directly in the lane. for
westbound shipping anid1 not mora
than 200 miles by the usual coursa
from New York.
The supposed raider showed two
masts and a ' huge smokestack, he
appeared to be of about 10,000 tons and
some shipipng men who heard this de
scription expressed' the opinion that
she was an armored cruiser disguised
as a. merchantman. A few minutes
after she was picked up the vessel was
lost again, in the fog.
Nantucket lightship, the outpost for
westbound shipping, is anchored 45
miles east by south of Nantucket Is
land and 90 miles east of Newport. It
is 193 miles east of Ambrose Channel
iv1 h Nn ini
li UJ ViiiliaUUU1
J v!jj Lli' ILa vU Li
New York, Anril 7 The Cuban congress is expected tonight
to declare that a state of war exists between Cuba and the im
Derial German government, according to a cablegram from E.
S. Azpiazu', private secretary to
public of Cuba news bureau here.
v RRAZIfe WILL ACT BY MONDAY j
. . London, April 7 The Central News says it is scmi-officially
informed that a declaration of war by Brazil against Germany
may Ije expected by Monday.
New York, April 7 A cablegram received here 'by the Bel
gian relief commission today said that the commission's steam
er Anna Fostenes, which left New York on March 3 via Halifax,
with a $350,000 cargo, of foodstuffs for Rotterdam, 1 had been
The message reard: ' .
"Trevier and Anna Fostenes sunk off Holland."
The loss of the Trevier, a Belgian relief ship torpedoed
without warning, and of the Feistein, also a relief ship, presum
ably by a mine, was announced several days ago. In view of'
the coupling of the names of the5 Trevier and the Anna Fostenes
in the latest message the commission has cabled to London -for
further information. . ., .. '.
lightship at the entrance to New "York
harbor It', i t .'Stationed tbetwsen the - .
I westbound ' Iane"of ' traVel.-which.- is
just oil the Nantucket Shoals, and they
lane for . eastbound vessels, 20 milea-
south of the shoals. , The lightship
marks the turning poinf for westbound
craft heading in for Newport and
New York. ' ' . . ' , :
The raider was holding the'regula-,
tion course and would have been
within easy striking distance of out-.
ward bVund shipping.
However, so far as known no ves
sels were moving out past the shoals
at the time of the Lpstile :hip was
RAIDER OF BIG SIZE.
Boston, April 7 The following
message was received today at the Bos
ton navy yard from the Nantucket
"Commerce raider passed Nantucket
lightship bound west at 7:20."
, Navaifflcials here reported that
the raider had two masts, a large
stack and was painted slate color. Her
size was reported as aboutlO.OOO tons.
President Menocal, to the Re
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