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THE FARMER: APRIL 12, 1917
BRIDGEPOR T E VENING FARMER
: FOUSfIED ITtS.)
Published bjr The Farmer Bubllshinc Co., 7ff Fairfield Are.. Bridgeport, 5on.,
BADLY. .. .50o month. .00 per year
i I 33SE!5 I EDlTORIAIi
. Bryant. GrlAO A Fredrtcfca. New York. Boston and Cltieaca
Only Evening Newspaper of Bridgeport Carrying
Associated Press Service.
THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1917.
CALL' FOR VOLUNTEERS
- flERIGA MAIvES formal resort to her historic method, of
t defense.1 The president has uttered a call for the enlist-
' ment of 500,000 voluntters,-who will serve for the duration of
r the War, and be returned' to the pursuits of private life when the
peace treaty ia signed. .
Let us see if American spirit is what it Used to be.
The response should be early and generous.
' fTEWS FROM Russia carries more than a hint that the revo-
J- ( lution has not reached its zenith.
.. ' " v. The party ; of Fatherland and Army has served upon the
. Council of; ;Workmen' and Soldier's Deputies 'a notice that it
, must operate sol el yUhrough the provisional government The
Council has beek cooperating with the provisional government,
and in' m&nce 'has' 'dominated it, as when the imprison
1 ment of the; Czar was demanded, though the government had
prepared for a lcs drastic remedy. ,': j .".V :xV;''
f Z . A majority;; blithe provisional government, comprising its
wealfoiesVand tnost influential elements, are liberals; they have
t fin mind a democratic form of government, like that of the Uni
1 ted States, or based more, ;jerliaps; on that ; of Great Britain;
where dempcracy has carried the socialization of industry to a
4 point beyond the stage reached in this country. ' 1 ; ; ;
The radical elements are represented by,Tscheidze, a social
ist, and Kerenski; minister, of ;
The party of the Fatherland contains most of the soldiers
:i VI-stationed at Petrbgrad. The . Council represents' the workers,
and the intellectually .active peasants, who vare: either socialists
or Oommunists. ' ; f ' , , ' '
, N ; Russia must be conceived as a coiintry' in which a great
. ' portion of the people do not react to modern political ideas. They
' have lived under the kind of a government they have lived un-
' dar, and have not the' initiative to actively wish to live under a
,. The active elenlents of dissent comprise the industrial and
-, V' commercial groups, who desire '-a modern constitutional govern
y " ment and a free scope for competitive enterprise ; the socialists,
V who entertain -the same ideas regarding industry, that are held
by Socialists In A numer-?
. ous; for the reason that the Russian peasantry are familiar with
the tilling of farm larids in common. , . . ;' -
, . , , . .These groups' Jiave no fixed lines, and there are among them
, ; doctrinarie s representing , qnite;;dif f erent line's of thought- The
Socialists hiclude Hhe constitutional j group; wU - views very
much Jike thoe entertained by most Bridgeport socialists, and
' syndicalists, or advocates of direct action, who are represented
in America'by :-th"e;;W.; Wl:p t:X-:C-f tv&$$(i.
w ' The communists also have their constitutional and their
.. violent groups the latter responsible for most of he direct ac
' ' tions," typified by jtie i assassination1 of rulers. ; Theirs is the p'ro-
. paganda of the deed ".-,; ', ; --.'V , ;v:;':1. ::;.,-"v;i .?; ;
Nobody knows which group will finally d6minate rth revo-
jlution. ' The more radical elements in a revolution tend to come
to the tbp, but the pendulum almost always swings back to a
middle point . . 'i
' ,; The Russian engineerf Peter Rutenberg, now residing in
this country, saysaccording to Frank Harris, in Pearson's J
" ; t "Czarism and'the goyernmenl classes have been in process
' ' of degeneration since 100. Now you, will have a Russian Re
public, and the socfalist ideals are nearer fulfillment in Russia
-1 than anvwheroelse,"., ' '' .' :'. ' - . ; ';;;!;, ViJ'v
1 : . , It,.sees-babe'
I 'wjXl(be modji
with' a larger, eleinent 'of co-operative (enterprise, which wiil'be
; suggested byihe-nature of Russian agitation, by the- economic
practice of Europe before and during the war, and by the pres-
ehce Jot a yery.numerous and powerful socialist party.
KT HEN'AAitON BURR was suspected of treason, he wasn't
W ' met by a mob and
' - olemn legal trial and was found not guilty- . : i ; ; ; ? W
- j , This is a country of law. lt has; engaged in a great war to
sustain law hi the world, It proposes .to fight for j ustice, upon
; the seasVahd the law f6r shipping. j-
r The ihan or rbujj of men who engage in: lawl essness with-
inth country,5 ae' riot showing respect, fdr the flag. They are
not showing themselves good Americans? but the contrary. i
tJ' This applies equally, to the man who speaks disrespectfully
; of the flag,-and to those who resort to lynch laws to how; that
:'v they, love the Hag. :'.';-.-V -y". j . w h vv ,r y
.Even after a trial it is difficult sometimes to say if a man is
guilty of the offense charged against him. The world is full of
' the lesson thqit mob violence often inflicts itself .upon innocent
men, " " :-i-'-'l 1 ; ;v . s ;
' : , It Any man canftale the law. into his own hands upon the
should he reported to the authorities, and punished by the courts.
SQ that his just punishment might be a warning and an example
-v But4f any man, or group of men, undertake to punish such
, offensesneither Jeal ortalleged, by?the methods of lynch law,
1 by mob violence, "-in ai front to the principles of Americanism;
they should be reported and punished by due process of law, as
a lesson and assign that the America which fights for legality on
the seas,' will also demandlegality on her Own soil, under tlie
fcTds of her' own flag. r'f;ij:':-y ' '
ji 'flbe newspapers are full of reports' of assaults said to be "in
defense Of the flag," -..In Bridgeport it is reported, in one case;
- that twenty men set upon another and "beat him' to a 'pulp."
' This sort of thing is not-patriotic, nor, American. It is a
' mere brutality, more 'dangerous to the safety of the city, than
. the thing it is supposed to prevent.
V- If any men' can take the law into his own hands upon the
. pretext of an insult to tlie flag, we shall presently have every
, bully -with' a personal grievance ,every gang withvsomethlng to
v avenge setting upon the selected enemy,-and offering the exten
uation of patriotism, i
' , Let us have n6 more lynch law in Bridgeport. The mob that
WEEKLY. .91.09 per year In adYaaea.
justice, a labor leader.
The Twelfth of April"
To the present generation, concern
ed with an even greater struggle than
that, which involved the United States
in the '60s, the twelfth of April has no
special significance, but to the few
survivors of the multitudes who wore
the blue and the gray the date' recalls
the beginning of the great conflict in
which they participated. It was on
April 12 186i, that Fort Sumter was
fired on, and the hopes of those who
were working (for a peaceful solution
It is noteworthy at this time to re
call that Lincoln, up to the last mo
ment, ardently hoped ' that peace
might be maintained. On the day
that he was inaugurated, March 4,
1861, a letter was received at the
War department from Major Ander
son, the commander of Fort Sumter,
expressing the opinion that tt:e
Charleston defenses could not be held
except with "a force; of not less than
2,000 good and well-disciplined men."
Those who 'doubt trie ability of the
United States to' raise a sufficient
army to defend itself at the present
titne should consider the condition of
affairs at the outbreak of the civil
war. The Washington government, in
spite of the fact that war had, been
threatening for months, did not have
at (hand the 2,000 men that Anjfler
son asked for, nor could they be rais
ed and taken to Charleston before the
supplies of Fort Sumter's defenders
would be exhausted. ;
President Lincoln, anxious for
peace, declared for the abandonment
of the fort, and the cabinet agreed
with him almost to a man The
President sent for a member of the
Virginia convention,, a professed Un
ionman, and told him 'that if the
convention would adjourn and cease
to menace the government, he would
at once order the abandonment , of
Fort Sumter. . This request- was re
fused, and Lincoln was told that the
United States must immediately evac
uate the fbrt, without' conditions.
It was not until the demand was
made upon him that he r recognized
the provisional Confederate'' govern
ment as a sovereign power that Lin
coln abandoned his attitude ' of con
ciliation ad "watchful waiting." He
was forced to the reluctant conclu
sion that, as he said, "It may be nec
essary: to put the , foot, down hard."
When he had reached that decision he
overruled the objections of his ' mili
tary , advisers and fitted outran expe
dition to , carry provisions to the
faithful seventy at -Fort Sumter. The
vessels carrying this relief ' were ap
proaching Charleston when the South
Carolina , forces were ordered to at
tack Sumter. The fort was battered
to pieces by shot and shell, and the
little garrison, helpless from lack of
food but practically unharmed, evac
uated the ruined, structure.!
It is well to recall that the patient
President who, before the war, was
criticized for his "vacillation and tim
idjty," never once faltered in his pur
pose once he 'had entered the struggle,
and that the nation which could not
send 2,000 men to , Fort Sumter was
able during -the war tq call tov the
military service of the government 2,
656,553 men. . ' . ,. k
' The lesson of Fort Sumter is one
which the Gernjan Emperor might
have studied with benefit to himself.
It is that the most patient . of men
may find it "necessary to put the
foot down hard." -
( It was on the twelfth of April in
the year 65. that Lucius Annaeus
Seneca, one of the greatest of Rome's
philosophers, received from his for
mer pupil, the infamous Emperor
Nero, the imperial mandate to take
leave of life. Seneca, had lived, for
the most part; like .a philosopher,
and he died like one. In the presence
of. his wife and jtriends , he opened
veins in his legs; but , the blood did
no flow freely, so he took a draught
of poison to hasten the end. ; This,
tocf proved too slow to suit 'him, so
he entered a warm bath, and was fin
ally suffocated in a stove.
Nero destroyed the man, but, hap
pily his works have 'survived, and
the ; scholarly world has ever , since
delighted in that eclectic . philosophy
which was a fusion of all the existing
systems of thought. :
In. the chorus of his ' tragedy of
"Medea" Seneca predicted' the discov
ery of America in these lines:
The age shall come, in fine
Of many years, wherein the main
Shall loose , ihe universal chain;
And mighty tracts of land be shown
j.u searcn or eiaer days unknown;
I New worlds by : some new Tiphys
Nor Thule be earth's farthest bound.
Fertilizer; Association x V
I : Plans Industrial Survey
Atlantic City, N. . J April 12 The
National Fertilizer association an
nounced today as a measure of na
tional defense the appointment of- an
advisory . committee to make a
thorough surrey of the industry to
ascertain stocks of raw materials on
hand, together with an estimate of
what will be, required for', a period of
one year beginning July li These fig
ures, gays a statement by the execu
tive committee, "will" be used in any
way that may be of service' to , the
government or the industry to main
tain a normal production of fertilizer
without which food production in the
United States would be reduced to an
A concurrent resolution directing
that President Wilson's war message
to Congress be read at the opening of
all public school sessions on April; 16
was adopted by the New York As
sembly. ; ''V,' ' .. . v '
beats up a workman today, may burn down a factory tomorrow
The moh spirit Is the same, always and everywhere. ' ?
. America is a country of law, not a country of lynch law:
EORGE B.x THAYER, a Vest Hartford man addressing a
grour) of churchmen '"in the Allyn House, recently, said
that if President Wilson sliould call for half a million men lb go
to 'Franqe, a million -would respond.- i
He is probably rigid . There is no great affection on the
part of the American people for a duty that Will call for long In
action; without a purpose at the end of it. , v,
- i; , ; -. .... , i
HIGH COST OF BEEF
BSEF.ON the hoof reached $12.85 per hundred, yesterday,
the highest price in the history of the country America
must look to her crops. A poor crop this year would spell an
unparallelled hunger. . - ' ' ; '
U TRSHTfVWJ!WITrWIWi0j(WjJ3WT mmm warn
sis g wmSimmMmm
is; mini i tMi-j.i i.i z iuad-a h .1 1
- ll 1 ill I -1 ill-
Uk WW VlivJUnl VU
liuffet, 54 inches long, China Closet 44 inches widc. 55 inches high, Extension
Table with 48 inch top. Serv ing Table 34 indies long. All made of solid oak
Jacobean finish. "Pur very special price for four pieces
GENUINE ALUMINUM PERCOL AT OBS It
m ''lymJ'Jy-y--- ' ' '. r . Iron Frame, Rope and Pulleys ! aI' 'LfKi IS'
'f$m --:--:- r ne Ha U 2 ft. e,in. 3ft. . 4 ft., , QlmfM ; . V
Pive men were injured when a trol
ley car of the Newark -Perth Amboy
line crashed into a jitney 'bus at Ettiz
subeth. , ' .-'' . -'
; The HillWiheeler bill to extend local
optiou privileges to cities passed the
New York Assembly by a vote of 85 to
58. ;V: vr - Y ' ' : '
With all purchases of $50
or over made duting our
21st Anniversary Sale.
Clock stands 56 in. high;
brass numerals on dial
brass hands, pendu
lum and weight.
' A real good time keeper.;
An ornament and con
venience in any home. -
On account of the, limited
number of clocks avail
i able, this offer is posi
tively limited to purchas
es made from, April 4th
to 14th inclusive.
This offer applies to Cash
t or Credit Purchasers
1 AI IIF! THIS 4 PIECE "WSLL1AM
w I iuvm .,
DINING atufc $oojp
CROP IS SAVED
! Kansas City,, April' 12. Rains that
soaked the wheat and grain belt in
Oklahoma and Kansas yesterday saved
thousands of acres that would have
been ruined had the drought continued
a few days longer, acccording to the
opinions expressed today! by expert
agriculturists. Reports received 'here
today indicated that at various points
in-Kansas''-and Oklahoma the rain is
continuing. . 1 '
Irank , M. Gault, president of the
state board of agriculture of Oklaho
ha, declared last night that :'f the rain
continued today, the wheat crop in
that state would be from,20,000,000 to
23,000,000 bushels, as compared with
last year's crop of 27,000.000.
The situation in Kansas was sum
med tip by J. C. Mohler, tho secretary
of the state board of agriculture, with
a statement 'that the. rain had been of
untold value to the winter wheit.
In Oklahoma arrangements have
been made by the Oklahoma Bankers'
Mid- Week Specials
In Our 2ist
Remember Our Great Free Clock
Offer Expires Saturday, April 14!h
Every Day Brings Forth Bigger And Better gjj
Values Than We Have Offered. Every Arti- lis
cle is of The Dependable CLARK Standard. M
pare ialced Wfiiitc
Two inch sqnare posts, one
cross panels. Len one incu
size only - -
association to furnish, seed where re
planting of wheat becomes necessary.
VNIVE11SITY FOR PANASfA.
L New York, 'April 12- Establishment
at Panama City of a pan-American
university, for which theio are now
available , buildings valued at more
than $1,000,000, is to be urged before
American educational .institutions b
Dr. Edwin 6. Dexter of the Panama
national institute, who arrived here
totday. Dr. Dexter said he had come
here by direction of President Valez
CRAP GAME HAS FATAL RESUIT.
Middletown, April 12 Henry Wil
liams, colored, died at the'' local hos
pital today as a result of injuries re
ceived during a quarrel over a game
of dice .on March 31, at Portland.
Jerry Moody, also colored, who it is
alleged struck Williams over the
head with an iron pipe during the
trouble, is held by the coroner with
out bond for trial in the "superior
court on a charge of murder.
DR. n. B. LYON DEAD.
Hartford, April "12-Dr. Edwin
Bradbury Lyon, for any years a lead
ing physician in New Britain, died at
his-home on -Fern street today after
a protracted sickness.
and one half inch square M
K - III III II I! ' I-
Genuine Porcelain Enamel
Made byjthe White Enamel Re
frigerator Co., Manufacturers of
the Bohn Syphon. Made T Solid
48 inches high, 35 1-2 inches
deep. All Brass
Trimmings, , ' Ex
actly Like Cut
' aai . !r &'WJ I.
Chair, or Roclicr
With Hemovablo Crctcnno Cushions
on Seat and Back, Bvovra or Grey
: I . I
MINERS IN CONFERENCE.
. New York, April 12 A to-aference.
through which 225,000 miners in the
soft ; coal regions of - Illinois, Ohio,'
and western Pennsylvania seek wage
increases ranging from, 20 to 83 1-8
pr cent., was begun here todays
Thirty-two operators entered delibera
tions with thirty-nve men represent
ing the United Mine Workers ' of
America. The . miners were, headed
by their president, John P, White,.
BOND BILL EXPLAINED.
, Washington April 12 The $7,000,
000,000 war revenue bill, was ex
plained to the Senate finance com-,
mittee today by Secretary ' McAd I
Chairman Simmons said no opposition
was expressed and he expected , its .
quick passage after it has been ap-i
proved .by the House. ' J . . :
Berlin confirmed" the fleath of
Prince Friedrich Karl, an aviatorj rer
ported missing several, weeks .ago.',
( A bill introduced in Cohgress pro
vides for a prize of, S20O.0QO. for the
best device for protecting: coasta froru
attacks at sea. ' .' . ;
. The American Liocomotlve Co.has
taken orders for 60 largo engines for
the Canadian Government Railways
and five for the El Paso & Hnntlni