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The Bridgeport evening farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917, June 29, 1917, SECOND SECTION, Image 15

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Toklo, June 29. That Japanese
women constantly are taking a larger
part in the activities of ' the. Empire
Is shown by recent investigations. As
in Europe, so in Japan women are
filling positions formerly exclusively
held .by men.
- 1 y, ' J v tsT "lw ,r V x s-
There are 4,000 women working
under the Railway . Bureau; most of
them ' ticket sellers, cashiers and ac
countants, and 6,000 women find em
ployment in the cigar and cigarette
factories of the government tobacco
monopoly. Their wages range from
ten to twenty-five cents a day. i
Male clerks in banks and mercan
tile houses constantly are being re
placed by women, who receive $5 to
$15 a month.
Actresses receive the highest wages
paid to women in Japan, but their
clothes are expensive and eo they are
financially in no better position than
the more humble workers. The low
est salary among them is $25 6r $30
a month, and the highest about $150
In journalism women in Japan get
from $10 to $25 a month, according
to experience. As yet the number of
women doctors is not large, but they
enjoy a large and .lucrative practice,
The number of t women employed
in such capacities as . nurses, gover
nesses, in drug stores, .or as models,
dancers, guides, ushers, barmaids,
teahouse . waitresses, hairdressers and
flowermakers is increasingly large, to
say nothing of the more than 125,000
employed.: in cotton and other factor
ies.' - '
TTnl acm oAvora 1 mnmbflrfl tit the
Tork detectjve bureau show, excellent
reasons why, th suspicions of mur
dered Ruth Cruger's relatives toward
Alfred Cocchl were not "heeded, and
why h was , not placed sunder close
surveillance,'- Commissioner', of . Ac
counts , Leonard - M. i Wallstein an
nounced he would recommend ;that
charges be brought against all respon
sible.' f ' .. ' ' '; .'' ., 'A .'..-'V
This assertion was made after Miss
Helen . CV(uger and her., father, Henry
J. Cruger, had appeared as witnesses
advised by Helen Cruber of her sus
before Commissioner ...Wallstein, who
has been designated by Mayor Mitchel
to- investigate' alleged laxity on the
part of the police 'department in find
ing ' the missing girl or permitting
Coochi now charged with, the murder
of Ruth Cruger to escape. .
: The examination ' of these two wit
nesses and - Alfred '. M. Brown, -Mr.
Cruger's business associated brought
out, among other; things, the follow
ing important facts: -:
- Members of the detective force were
The Biggest (Ming Event ol Summer Is
picions toward Cocchi several hours
before he disappeared on Feb.' 15.
Requests; that Cocchl's motorcycle
renair shoo be searched were maa
by Mr. Cruger to Detfecuve Bergeani
Lagarenne on the same day. . -
nnteetives insisted uoceni was a re
putable business man, and said, "We
can't arrest AL" ' ., '''-" '.
PArorHs nf the detectives- ran to
show any report of complaint made
by Mr. . crown on miumsui.
13, when he requested that a general
alarm, be sent out for Ruth Cruger.
Letter of introduction to Inspector
Joseph Faurot of the, detective bureau,
which former Police Commissioner
Douglas I. McKay had : given Miss
Helen Cruger," apparently failea to
urge on th search.'':. c
Police apparently took for granted
that mysterious girl seen getting Into
taxlcab on the afternoon Ruth Cruger
disappeared was missing girl. -, n.s
Asked why Cocchi had been allow
ed to escape detectives, informed: Hel
en Cruger there was "ho reason why
he should have been watched," and
that he had "probably just gone away
for a few days.". , " , ' . ' . ' '
The' upper picture shows Henry X.
Cruger, father of the. murderedV'-girl,
in the witness chair. The lower pic
ture is Detective sergeant oonn
Lagarenne,' one of the accused police
officers, telling of his work in tracing
missing ' persons. . . ; . ; v,
Nanking,, China, June 29.- The vis
it of Lieutenant General Tanaka, "Vice
Chief of the Japanese General Staff,
to China has caused much comment,
He went to Tsing-tau And other points
tn Shantung province where the Jap
anese have; been charged by the Chi
nese with helping revolutionists and
in , other ways undermining Chinese
authority. . Chinese officials extended
General Tanaka - every courtesy at
Tsinanfau and other places of impor
tance visited by htm. He was enter
tained, 1 at many dinners, before he
reached Nanking.
Chinese newspapers have comment
ed.' widely on the visit of General Tan-aka-
at a time when internal affairs
are so unsettled in the republic and
the anti-Japanese ; press thas made
many bitter attacks , os, the mission.
which was denounced as one designed
to cause further .uneasiness. , '
t-1 -
',-After wondering why a destroyer
can't spot a submarine hiding in 1,000
sauare miles of sea water, .some or
our fnen have to get their wives help
them locate their Sunday"shirt in the
bureau drawer.
Coinet B 1916; Tyv&&jttillWo)iiKfafr Thei
J -r v Evening Sky . . r ,
- " By C. S.'Braln'in of the Columbia "University Observatory - Staff V i -
. y v i - 'SJO CORSE-."-..
t, ao-ekX. ?--ilZl&m2i : , J:J iV iDIREC-
;f fuim4ti?
1 A. . .
, "r';.v. .i-'.i-''-, :;"'' .''';'"'''."''''.-'" - ' -
, The summer sky of 1917 is greatly
enriched by. the presence of the temporary-
ornament, . Cornet ' B WH
(Wolf); ' It does 'no happen very of
ten during one man's lifetime that a
comet 'vt brilliancy great enough to
make it a marked object for' naked
eye observation appears in : the heav
ens. Ws were exceptionally fortunate
in having one such comet . not ' many
years ago; Halleys - famous comet
which visited us in 1910. . This year's
comet was discovered by : Dr. . Max
pwolf of the Heidelberg Observatory!
toward the end of April 1916. Hence
Its designation; for B 191 means that
it was , the second comet 'discovered
In the year 1916. - It had then come
Just inslds of Jupiter's orbit, and, be
cause of this great distance at the
tim of discovery, It was even then ex
pected to. become' a very bright ; ob
ject upon' closer approach to the sun
And earth. It seems to be Justifying
this hops, for at the - time of writing
Ht Is very brilliant. Indeed. : Its closest
approach to the sun was about June
16. The calculated positions for July
place it approximately, as shown on
the map, just west of the Great Square
of Pegasus, which at the time of the
map Is Just beginning to show above
the horizon. During .the month it
will move slowly eastward into the
area "occupied by the' Square. We
should have no difficulty In picking
It out from - the stars, and even an
opera, glass will soon settle any doubts
as to -the-object's nature.
Who Is m Comet? -
V The thing which distinguishes com
ets at once from other heavenly bod
ies is, the difference In appearance. A
typical comet has a head more'or less
spherical in form which looks fuzzy,
and a tail. . It Is this Indistinctness of
outline of the head which made the
ancients say that the ' star looked
hairy, and the name comet is derived
from the Latin word coma, meaning
hair. , Very often the center pf the
coma, or head, shows a distinct very
bright condensation and. is called the
nucleus. The tail Is not an absolutely
necessary adjunct, but is certainly a
usual thing. Neither la the nucleus
always present. Sometimes both are
tvt 2r4.
3rd. 4th.
absent but the larger naked-eye com
ets possess both. ' -
The portion of space occupied by
the, material forming the comet is of
ten enormous;: the diameter of the
head may 'be as great as a. million,
miles, i. e. twice; the diameter of the
moon's orbit about the 1 earth. Tet in
spite of this . vast bulk, the actual
amount of material which makes up
the comet is very small, for even the
comparatively close approach of the
comet ; to , one' of , the ..bodies of the
solar system seems to produce no grav
itational disturbance, or perturbation,
as the astronomers : can. jt. on tne
other hand it is the orbit of the com
et itself .which Js entirely changed by
the effect: of the planet's gravitational
attraction. , ', ' ''
, The Number ' of Comets '
Comets liave been' objects of admir
ation, fear and worship- since long be-,
fore the written history of man xbe
gan; we can easily imagine the effect
upon our prehistoric ancestor of the
appearance in the heavens of such
a brilliant, flaming object among .the
stars, whpse configurations were fa
miliar. References to comets are
found in great numbers in all early
records, and it is estimated that about
400 different comets are mentioned
in records before real modern astrono- i
my began with -the invention of the
telescope (about 1600.) Since then ap
proximately an equal number has been
added, most of which are telescopic
comets, whose discovery was possible
only by the use of the instrument.
-' -' Comet Families ..'."..'
' In attempting-to -classify cornels we
find that . groupings can be made in
two distinct ways. In the first place
there is a, large number of comets
which rotate about "the sun in an or
btt and furthermore have the pecu
liarity that, points of their respective
orbits which lie furthest away from
the sun (the 'aphelion' points in as
tronomical languge) are all very close
to the orbit of Jupiter, for example.
FVotu this, tt is argued that Jupiter
played a great part in tne extermina
tion of the comets', orbits around the
sun. These comets are therefore call
ed Jupiter's family of comets. ' All the
outlying planets of the system. -ha
such families; Jupiter's is by , far the
rrinnt J -numerous. "-' - containing.' about
thirty. Neptune, tTranus aljd Saturn
have six. three and two respectively.
The "second kind , of grouping is of
families in each of which the different
members have entered ; the system of
the sun along the same orbits. . The
most famous of these lamilles is one
of whichall the member's came from
the direction of Sirius.- "
Thf Comet Tails -. . , .'
In some ways the. most interesting'
single thing about'the comet is its tail,
if it has pne. This consists of the most
tenuous of matter and sticks out from
the head a' distance e many millions
of miles sometimes as- much as - a
hundred million, i - When , a , comet 'M
first discovered It js usually; far trom
the sun and without a tail, but as it
approaches',the: sun the tail seems to
be ' formed and to grow , larger.
Another very curious phenomenon
is that the tail : does "not merely lag
behind the ' head of the comet An its
flight - through space, , but " always
points in. a -direction, away from te
sun, even preceding the comet when
necessary. "Tms acts just as n some
repulsive force emanated from the sun
and pushed away the tiny particles of
which the, tail is, composed, overcom
ing even the more attractive foree of
gravitation. Astronomers sought . for
such-, a force as the simplest 'explana
tion of the tail's' actions, - and ; many
suggested electric force,; for it is known
that .bodies charged , with like kinds
(positive or negative) - of electricity
strongly repel one another. '- ;V t
A more prohable source of the re
pulsion is found in. the' pressure. ex
erted by .light when , it- falls, "upon a
material body. Of ' coursei : iarith - or
dinary means it is impossible to sense
this minute repulsive forces of light,
but it has been shown to exist, by ex
periments with the most delicate kind
of apparatus. The existence of this
light pressure had been shown theor
etically before, these experiments were
made. It seems that In- the case of
such ver minute particles as compose
the tail- of the comet the- light pres
sure Is greaterthan the 'gravitational
pull by thesun,.' and these are forced
put of tne comet s neaa, never to re
turn.- --; , -. .'';. ',;; - X;
And it's still going on, giving you the-opportun- SSL;
ity of another Saturday at the extremely low alter--ation
sale prices. , ' f '
It comes in mighty opportune to Tbe able to get.
'ready' for "The Fourth" at these bargain prices and'
every one does want to, be well dressed on the big
holiday ! '
These suits are Rogers'smartest creations, they
are brimful of real Rogers value and at these altera
tion sale reductions they are positively the most as
tounding clothes valuesxOf the present summer.
$12.50 to
$925 $11,25 $12.25
MM $16.25 $17.50
AND UP TO $22.50 .
Tugs of wrecking concerns at "New
London, Oonn., are working desper
ately to .pull the American vessel Olym
pia into Kleep water.
The mayor -of Havre read a procla
mation calling- upon the people of the
city to celebrate the Fourth of July in
honor of the United States. , , .. . v -
' Seventy-three owners of doge in Nr ;
Tork were hailed into com aa the re-- ;
suit of-having their dogs -unmuzzled ;
IDach was fined one dollar. - . v ' -m -
. . NOTE: Since i the time the above
was written Comet Bv 1916 has very
oiirimislv failed to liveun to the ex
pectations of the astronomers as re
gards its brilliancy. - Though it , is
doubtful now whether the comet will
be a very brilliant "naked-eye object
it will no doubt be worth the reader's
while to watch for.it in the-place in
dicated above. - u " -x ,
Havre. June 29. The . price -of
palr of oxen In Brussels is now the
equivarlent of $1,600, according to In
formation, received in Belgian official
circles here. - , Besides a few donkeys
oxen are about the only means "the
Belgian population has for the trans
portation of goods and merchandise.
Even these are being requisitioned by
the Germans.
Food - continues to grow scarce.
Flour ,1s made of -97 per cent., of the
whole wheat and the rations of the
Royal Dutch Belief Committee are
being reduced. :
Industry is practically suppressed,
the Germans having ordered that all
f actories 'employing more than a dos-
en men must wors zor tne uerman
ary or close their doors. t - ;-
tKe Goiintry :
The wolf is at the door of the world, so Mr. Hoover reminds ois, and he would meet it with the,.
Food-Gontrol Bill that aims to reduce the cost" of living in the United States and to bring victory nearer
by feeding her Allies. . -
"In the last five months;" says "Mr: Hoover, "$250,00000,00 has been extracted from the Ameri
can consumer in excess of normal profits of manufacturers and distributers." As evidence that the un
precedentedly high prices of food are largely due! to f 'rampant speculation,'? , he points out that "the
average prices to the consumers in countries where food administration is now in effect, are lower than
those prevailing in the United States, altho those countries are mainly, dependent upon us for their
supply.",,'- :";,; ;- -:': y'lr - - . ------ - V ; 7 .:-. -:v;". 'u: -- : r ':uJ::-:'.-'
In THE LITERARY DIGEST for June' 30th, this most important subject to the American pub- ,
lie is presented in all its ramifications. THE DIGEST telegraphed to newspaper editors in every -section
of the country7 asking for an expression of the local sentiment as. to th& Food-ContrNol Bill, and'
the results of this investigation are shown. -There is no other subject . that more .directly concerns the
"people vof Canada and the United States to-day. ' ' , . .
- " Other topics of unusual interest in the June 30th DIGEST, are:'' ''
. j How We Can Win the War from the Skies
Summary of the Work the Airmen Have Done, and What This Country Can Do, To Dominate the
, - ' Air-Lane and Cripple the German War-Machine ,
There Ane Better Signs in .Russia v
JOB3C KEGK..-.SOIf. -.
America's Billions For Liberty
Why Latin-America Hesitates
Canada Spurns Royal Titles ,
Shall We Eat War Bread
As to Sticking Out the Tongue
The Superstition Regarding Dope
When a ."Romney" is Not a "Romney1
, Poking Fun At German Art
Why Reprisals? Are Dehianded in England
Swiss Neutrality Questioned
Germany's Apprehension of Trade-
-', Ban
The Less Rest, th Less-Work r
War in Tin-Cans ' , ,
"Scambling,, Science
A German Defense of Moliere
Mercier to German Catholics '
Billy Sunday's New York Campaign
The Best of the Current Poetry
A Fine 'Collection of Illustrations, Educational and Humorous
How the "Digest" Deals With Business Big and Little
By-no means, the least valuable service' which
THE DIGEST performs for busy, men of affairs,
is the way in'whicKit treats business conditions
banking, investments, and other financiarmatters,
: each week. ! -" - .' . " " ; -, 1 ;,
In an hour's reading, or less, "the business
man can get a grasp on the most important phases
that have developed throughout the week. - The
consensus of the most highly skilled financial
specialists,, gleaned from the newspaper and
June 30th Number on Sale Today All Newsdealers 10 Cents
periodical press of the world, is freed from useless
verbiage and is presented in concise, accurate
' form, for quick reading and assimilation. There'
is no line of industry, or finance, 'or banking,
whose conditions are not reflected in THE
DIGEST from week to week. .
" Get THE DIGEST JMs, week, ar
useful service this Department will
hat a
m for
' FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY (Publisher, of the Famous NEW Standard Dictionary). NEW YORS
1 -

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