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Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, January 25, 1856, Image 2

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IWfffifflDT SWD1RD.
A. A. EAKLi:, EDITOU.
IR.1SBURCU, FRIDAY, JANUARY li, m.
as in other States, demanded a prohibit
ory law 5 and in this demand it has been
gratified. This obtained, the temperance
community, in some sections of the State
at least, have iecroed to suppose that
their labors were ended that the law
needed not the active aid of moral sua
sion. ."Now, we deem this a fatal error
! more fatal, in fact, than its opposite. If
i moral suasion is ever useful if it is ever
j indispensibly necessary, it is now that we
liave a prohibitory law ; as without it, the
STATE TEIIf EBANCE CONVENTION, i law will not be and cannot be enforced.
The State Temperance Society held AH the influences that can be summoned
itA-rrs or adycktisi..
Oiit Cuiu:nn, one year, $40
mir " j;
One i)i-arp, one y;ir, 6
One f jiiarn, nix mon!li, 4
Or.e iitrr, three weeks, 1
Dj Twelve lines or less make a fquare.
Correspondence.
it annual meeting at Ludlow on the ICtli I to its aid, are required in order to secure
inst. The following is the IIt of officers
elected for the ensuing year:
For President. Hon. R. Fletcher,
of Cavendish.
For Serrcturiex. C. W. Culling of
Newbury, and Lewis Pratt jr. of Wood
Mock. For Vice Presidents. Bennington Co.,
Rev. J. Steele ; Windham, A. Stevens ;
Windsor, Kev. J. S. Lee ; Kutland, Jas.
Barrett; Addwm, Wm. Na.-h ; Chitten
den, S. Huntington; Franklin, Harmon
Northrop; Grand We, (.). G. Wheeler;
Lamoille, Nathan Robinson ; Orleans,
K.-V. L. II. TaW; Essex, John S.Clark ;
Washington, G. C. Sampson ; Caledonia,
John Bacon; Orange, Hon. J. Atkinson.
Corresponding Secretaries. Windham
County, Kev. J. Aiken, Putney; Wind
cor, Oel Billings, Woodstock ; Addison,
Ira Bingham, Vergennes; Chittenden.
J. E. Smith, Shelburne; Washington, K.
M. Mauley, Northfield ; Caledonia, Rev.
S. II. Colbum, Barnet; Franklin, A.J.
Sampson, Swaiiton ; Orleans, I. N. Cush
inan, Iranburgh ; Lamoille, E. B. Saw
yer, Ilydcpark; Essex, G. T. French,
Liinenburgh ; Grand Isle, A. C. Butler,
Alburgh ; Kutland, B. W. Burt, Castle
ton ; Orange, L. J. Melndoe, Newbury.
hxeculice Committee. Rev. A. G.
Button, Lyndon ; Rev. Artemas Dean,
Newbury; Rev. Silas McKean, Brad
fold ; Rev. C. W. Cushing, Newbury ;
Rev. Charles Woodhouse, St. Juhnsbury
Centre; Franklin Fairbanks, St. Johns
bury ; Rensselaer Tute, East Burke.
For Treasurer. Freeman Keyes of
Newbury.
The Executive Committee submitted a
report, which congratulates the friends of
temperance that u the principle of prohi
bition is now clearly established in this
State," and that the law-makers are not
likely to ignore this principle, nor to
make alterations in the present law, ex
cept to improve its eiRcacy. The amend
ments made at the recent session of the
Legislature are approved of, and it is
suggested that other amendments are
needed.
" Moral suasion," it is urged, " is now
the great want of the times ;" and in this
we fully concur. The law may be made
as jierfect as human wisdom can suggest ;
and yet if not well enforced, it will be
comparatively valueless. And how is a
due enforcement of it to be secured ?
No act of the Legislature can be relied
on to enforce itself. T!:"c is no such
thing as a " seif-enforei; g law." Jso
matter what penalties may be held in
terrorem over the oli'uv rs under any par
ticular law, they w'ii not be enforced,
unless there is a public sentiment de
manding the crorcement of the princi
ple of the law. Under our form of gov
ernment a law if not sustained by pub
lic sentiment, is a dead letter. Public
sentiment, indeed, mules aud enforces
in so far as they are enforced all our
statute laws. But what cr ates this pub
lic sentiment? Why, manifestly, it is
to use a comprehensive term "moral
suasion." Moral suasion creates in com
munity a demand for a law, and in obe
dience to that demand, the Legislature
enacts it. But this same " moral sua
sion" has to continue its offices in order
to secure the enforcement of the law af
ter it is obtained. To rely upon the law
to enforce itself, without this aid, is, to
tacitly forego all the benefits anticipated
from its enforcement. E-peeially is this
the case in relation to enactments which
tend to prevent the gratification of mens
appetites. Appetite is a power not easilv
sub lued. Ingenious and subtle, it has
eyes sharper than the lynx, to espy loop
holes through which to creep, and thus,
and in various vays, to evade the penal
ties of the law. The appetite for intox
icating drinks exerts a powerful seductive
influence in community. Not only does
it enthrall its votary, but in the absence
of moral suasion, it steals an influence
which day by day grows stronger over
many who, when temperance is zeal
ously urged by moral appliances, are cir
cumspect and sober men. In other
words, there is a class of temperance
men, who, when moral sua-ion is lulled
to repose, relapse into their old habits ;
and this class is not a small one, either.
At such times, the influence of even the
best friends of temperance, is powerless,
because inactive.
Time was, when it was thought that
the due enforcement of the law; and
these influences must not intermit ; they
must be perennial; ceaseless, vigilant,
ever and at all times active. All expe
rience proves this ; and the slightest ob
servation at the present time, in this part
of the State, affords it a jowerful attestation.
CiTTbc Orleans County Agricultural
Society held its annual meeting in this
village 011 Tuesday of last week. A
pressure of business at the time pre
vented our attendance, so that, in the
absence of any report from the Secre
tary, we are unable to inform our read
ers as to the business transacted. By
the way, why is not the report of the
Secretary forthcoming? We expected
it, of course, in season for our last week's
issue,but it came not ; and now we njruin
go to press without having received it.-
hat can this mean ? Why this delay ?
Are we first to get hold of these pro
ceedings in the New York Tribune, or
whence may we expect them? Our
readers verv naturally exnpct. in hp dnlv
informed of the doings of all such meet
ings, w ithin a reasonable space of time
after they take place ; and we mean that
they shall be gratified in this respect.
To be sure, we have no claim on the
Secretary, which requires him to furnish
us with these proceedings ; but we had
supposed that in sending them, he would
only be doing what the Society expects
of him. Are we mistaken in this ? We
feel a deep interest in the success and
usefulness of the Agricultural Society in
this county, and mean to manifest this
interest in our columns. When we as
certain what was done by the Society at
its annual meeting, we shall have some
thing more to say of the Society, its aims,
capacities, &c.
Ikasburgu Lyceum. This societv
met on Wednesday evening last, pursuant
to adjournment, and after debating the
resolution adopted for discussion, awhile,
it was discovered that the question em
braced two different ones ; further debati
on the resolution was postponed till some
luture meeting. The society then pro
ceeded to transact general business.
The following resolutions were presented
Resolved, That man is more the crea
ture than the creator of circumstances.
Resolved, That conscience is an innate
principle, and not wholly the result of
education.
Resolved, That the time has come
w hen it solemnly behooves the men of
the Free States, to take the position
and maintain it with an unswerving firm
ness that there shall be no further ex
tension of slavery in the United States.
Resolved, That a married woman onght
not to have any interest in her own right,
separate from that of her husband.
The last resolution is to be made the
special order at the next meeting, when
it is hoped that the disputants will have
the pleasure of speaking before a Iare
audience.
The next meeting is on Wednesday
evening, Jan. 30th, at six o'clock precisely.
Fatal Accident. We are rained
to learn that Mr. Harvey Rathbun, of
Lowell, was killed on the 10th inst., by
the falling of a tree. The circumstances
as we have them, are these : Mr. Rath
bun being in the employ of Mr. Sidney
Woodbury, of Lowell, was engaged in
chopping in the woods and fell a tree
which lodged on another; and while at
tempting to fell this latter tree, a limb
from the former fell upon him, killing
him instantly.
CiTMr. Solomon Noethroi", who
was kidnapped and sold into slavery some
years since, will tell the story of his bond
age, release, ice, at the school room in
this village, on to-morrow evening.
Some of our readers have probably read
his book, and others recollect well the
circumstances of his rescue from slavery
and the excitement lna ..
condition nm-
duced. His tale is a thrillinz one. Go
and hear him.
Will clergymen and all others in
terested in the success of our paper, take
some pains to send in all marriages and
deaths th.it rvimo
n,-.,l s,,..t .-...... .. .... . . . "" luclr Bce .' it
: V lau lo 113 aia j Jooks badly to see them published in T.a
coercive powers of the law, in order to papers fiftv mile. fmm L .1 " '
remove, in time, the evils of intemper
ance, to far as it was supposed they may
be removed. And to this day, many
r- main of this opinion ; hut such is not
hie g-ntral sentiment of New England. '
Iper printed within five miles of them
lias learned that any one was sick, or
badly "courted."
CiT Mr. Da
o'.l or.
Th-
venport, of Lowell, is not
pu.-hc voice ia this State, an 'noiir-ed ant for the Standard.
For the Standard.
"Three Honrs School a Day."
Mr. Editor, This is a subject upon
which a good deal has been said of late,
and many of our leading educational men
have taken ground in favor of the plan
As I am writing, I have before me an
article in a late paper, (Vt, Chronicle
Jan. 15.) on the topic, "What hinders
Progress," closing with a flourish in favor
of "Three hours school a da v."
I would beg leave, though at the risk
of the imputation of arrogance in differ
ing from wiser men, and even of being
opposed to progress, to advance a few
ideas against the proposed system ; and
in doing so, I will refer briefly to a few
things which have been advanced as ar
guments in favor of it.
The main drift of what has been said
in favor of this plan, so far as I have ob
served, amounts to about this. Too much
time, it is contended, is now spent in in
tellectual training, at least directly.
More time and attention should be devo
ted to physical training than can be, with
six hours school a day. Scholars would,
on the whole, really make better progress
with less time spent in the school room.
Now I cannot but regard these proposi
tions as, at least, theoretical asstimptions ;
and I much doubt whether the experi
ence of the majority of practical teach
ers would not be against them.
We are ready to admit that the South
ern practice of ten hours a day is a per
nicious extreme. Too much time may,
undoubtedly, be spent in the school
room, but it does not follow, as a matter
of course, the six hours is too much.
Boys and girls, as a general thing, are
more inclined to physical than to intel
lectual exercise, and I hardly think that
one well acquainted with common schools
generally, can be of the opinion that as a
general thing, scholars do not have
enough of physical exercise. The ma
jority of scholars are children of farmers
and mechanics ; and aside from the labor
which they may have to perform at home,
have to go from half a mile to a mile and
a half to school Are such children in
danger of being injured by spending six
hours a day, with the usual recesses and
intermission, in a properly constructed
school-room ? Are six hours any more
than such children ought to spend, and
well spend under school-room discipline ?
One veteran in the cause writing in
favor of three hours says: "Scholars
need the rest of the time for thinking
about what they have learned," &zc.
While this is very good in theory, my
venerable friend's experience has greatly
differed from mine, and I think, from
that of teachers generally, if he supposes
that with boys and girls, that idea can be
practicably realised. Boys and girls gen
erally do not, and, under any arrange
ment, will not think much about their
studies except while actually engaged in
them ; and if we expect them to learn,
we must, for the time, make it their busi
ness to learn. I would not have it oth
erwise. " One thing at a time." When
scholars study, that should be their whole
employment; and when they work or
play, work or play should have their un
divided attention. I have no sympathy
with the absent minded, half-way work,
always seen when one undertakes to do
two or three things at a time. As to the
assumption that more real advancement
would be made with only three hours
than is now made in six ; it is only neces
sary to say that until it can be clearly
shown that six hours time is too much,
the assertion under consideration could
be of no weight. In the article referred
to at the commencement of this commu
nication, the writer instances " the vast
influence of a very small amount of sab
bath school instruction as an unanswera
ble argument." Who, with a little re
flection and comparison of the two things,
does not see that this " unanswerable ar
gument" is no argument at all? The
premise is essentially a fallacy ; and were
it otherwise, the cases are not, in any tan
gible respect, parallel. I venture the as
sertion that, independently of tlwj family
and the church, sabbath schools do not
exert a vast influence," and, I repeat,
there is no force whatever in the com
parison. I intended, when I commenced this ar
ticle, to refer to a few fundamental ob
jections to the "Three hours" plan," but
I see that I have already taken sufficient
space for one week. With your leave, I
shall resume the subject in some future
number A Teacher.
For the Standard.
A Liberal Offer.
Dear Standard : There are some
in this county perhaps in this town
who are or have been, troubled for fear
the world was coming to an end within a
short time. They derive their fears from
certain mathematical calculations, and
other pretended "signs of the times"
nmde and arrived at by certain teachers
of he day supposed to be wise in this
ma ter. And these teachers are found
both in this country and in Europe.
Now this is to say that I will brin-
more proof by figures, m0re positin j
mathematical proof f, .v.-
tliat the world must stand thirty thousand
)ears, than any man can that it will ter-
For the Standard.
A Story ending with a Sermon.
Some years ago several hunters were
overtaken on the Andes by a violent
storm of rain. To secure themselves
against its effects, they rushed into a cave
near by, it being the first protection that
presented itself. But they had not been
there long when they became aware that
a tigress was approaching the mouth of
the cave, and they had only time to roll a
great stone to a small aperture within the
cave before she came, with her terrible
growl. Soon she was answered by a
whine from a farther corner, and the af
frighted hunters learned that in their hur
ry to escape the storm of rain they had
entered a tigress' den, and the whine
came from her cubs. The old tigress
made most frantic efforts to force an en
trance, and it required the combined
power of the hunters to prevent her from
pushing away the stone which was their
only protection. Then what should be
done ? Their ammunition had been ren
dered useless by the wet ; to rush out
was to be destroyed by the enraged mon
ster who guarded the entrance, and if
they remained there, starvation stared
them in the face for the brute would con
tinue to guard them, and probably her
mate would soon come to her assistance.
Finally they hit tipon the hazardous ex
pedient of strangling the young cubs in
the den and throwing them out to their
mother. This was done, when the ti
gress, after smelling them over and find
ing they were quite dead, uttered a long,
mournful howl, and started off over the
hills in a rapid gallop. Knowing the na
ture of the animal, they at once conclu
ded that she had gone for her mate, and
they lo-t no time in rushing out and flee
ing for their lives. They had not pro
ceeded far, however, before they heard the
terrible howl of tiger and tigress, as they
came to the mouth of the cave, and found
their prisoners had fled. At once they
knew they would be pursued, and they
strained every nerve to reach some place
of safety before they should be overtaken
by the two powerful and enraged mon
sters. Soon they saw them coming on
behind them, drawing nearer and nearer
every moment, and they almost gave
themselves up for lost when they discov
ered a frightful chasm in the rocks, cross
ed by a bridge of reeds, and they were
near the bridge. They had just time to
cross the frail structure, undo its fasten- I
ings on the other side and let it fall so
that their pursuers could not cross it after
them, when they appeared on the other
side. The tig?ess made little stop, but
sprang for the side where her tormentors
stood looking back upon her ; her strength
however, was insufficient for the feat, and
even over the miadle of the chasm she
fen, 10 ie ctasnea .0 pieces at me oouoin.
The tiger, no way daunted by the fate of
his consort, gathered up his strength, and
by a wonderful leaj absolutely struck his
fore paws upon the opposite side, while
his body hung over the precipice. Quick
as thought one of the hunters sprang
down to push off tke monster into the
depths below. In Lis hurry he came so
near that the tiger struck one of his claws
into his leg, ready t drag him with him,
or save himself by drawing himself up
by this means. Then down rushed the
other hunter, and w;th a powerful blow
from the butt of his gun he so far stun
ned the monster that he let go his hold,
and fell howling to his death on the rocks
far below. But the intrepid man, who
had thus saved the life of his companion,
and perhaps that of the others, had not
calculated the fores of his own stroke,
for, when the tiger fell, he lost his own
balance, and tumbled over the side of the
yawning chasm to a similar death with
his terrible foes. O, how sad were the
hearts of his companions at the mournful
catastrophe !
With this story for my text, I have a
word to say to those who may read it,
especially the young.
How common it is for you, when you
see something unpleasant approaching,
to flee from it to the first refuge that pre
sents itself, without looking at the conse
quences, just as these hunters rushed in
to that cave, without stopping to see
whether it was a place of security or
danger. So you will sometimes run be
hind a falsehood toshieldyou from blame,
or you will throw it upon your brother or
sister, or seek to hide it in some secure
den, without once looking forward to the
consequences.
How many have thus taken the first
step to ruin! The first falsehood, told to
screen from blame has been followed, or
backed up, by others, and these by oth
ers until the character is ruined, and the
man is lost The difficulty was m the
first false, or even careless step.
Others, again, have seen something be
fore them that seemed desirable, and
without waiting to look at consequences,
they have seized it, as mother Eve did
the apple, and found only too late tint
their rashness was likely to prove fatal
and they have extricated themselves by
as desperate means as that Dursnwl
the hunters to rid themselves of the ti
gress. How much better it wnl,i v,.,
the dark masses of clouds, and taken the
whole force1 of a hundred storms, than
place themselves, thoughtlessly, within1
that cave.
So, my young friends, the world is full
of dens, and satan stands ready to push
you in, that he may laugh over your ago
ny and death. But be careful ; never
tell a lie to shield yourself from blame,
and if such a temptation should present
itself, think of the fate of the two hunt
ers, and rather stand out boldly in the
storm, rather meet the blame like a hero
than avoid it by any but honest and up
right means; and never grasp some
questionable enjoyment, until you have
first inquired if there be not a tiger, ei
ther before you or following quickly af
ter, n.
rotate in twenty thousand, and hn ma
aaa to his figures "the signs of the times." be for them if they had first looked
L. there a champion who will enter the j before them ere they entered that tn Ji
" ! Better, far, that they liad Hood out under
For the Standard.
School Government.
Mr. Editor: Just before the de
cease of the Gazette there was a short
piece written upon this subject and ap
peared in that paper, the writer wished
others to discuss the subject. Now I do
not consider myself so competent to dis
cuss this question as some others are but
still would advance a few suggestions.
I consider that in order that a school
may be carried on successfully it must be
governed sufficiently to keep the scholars
still and orderly, without that harshness
which will create a fear or hatred in the
mind of the scholar, yet demand from
him respect for the teacher. And, as in
all places those persons who are superior
to others are honored and respected.
conclude if a teacher would be successful
he must be superior to the scholars, phys
ically, mentally and morally.
1st, he must be superior physically, be
cause there are in many districts a set of
youth who associate the idea of a w hip
ping with the word master, and measure
men not by their mental, but by their
bodily powers ; and when they see the
school-master they begin to meditate at
once upon the probability of their bein
able to put him out of the window or door,
Let a teacher in such- a situation (if he
doubts his ability in this particular,) be
ware how he participates in the games
which will be devised to test his strenoth
until he has gained the good will, of his
scholars.
He should be superior mentally, for
soon, very soon will his deficiency be
tound out m this respect, and if he is de
ficient he will lose the respect of his
scholars, and it is hard to govern where
the teacher is regarded with contempt.
He should be superior morally, for pa
rents who feel deeply interested in the
welfare of their children are very loth to
put them under the influence of a Derson
whose example and conversation would
tend in any way to corrupt the young
minds and turn them fiom the ways of
virtue.
I think in some cases it is necessary to
punish scholars, though not often in dis
tricts where parents cooperate with the
teacher in trying to secure good behavior.
But in many cases when scholars are
punished, a rotxi, kind word would have
been more effectual in gaining respect
and obedience to the teachers require
ments.
I would like to hear more upon this
subject from those who are experienced
in school government.
Tours with respect,
James.
;Nou0 Steins.
Pro-Slavery Outrage. The Louis
ville (Ky.) Courier give3 an account of
the infliction of the barbarous outrage of
tarring and feathering upon a school
teaeherat Lexington, who it was believed,
had written letters to the Ohio Statesman,
in which the "peculiar institution? was
not treated with proper respect. The
name of the victim was J. Brady, and the
outrage was inflicted during Friday night
by a mob of two hundred persons.
6jT The concord Patriot, referring to
the report that Ex-Govcrnor Nat Ltaker
of New Hampshire is to be appointed
Governor of Kansas, says :
" There is probably not a shadow of
foundation for the rumor above referred
to. Governor Baker intends to remove
to the West, in the Spring, but without
any idea of being appointed Governor of
Kansas, or to any other office under the
general government. If lie was ' on his
way to Washington' on Thursday, he
took the wrong track, for he was here this
morning."
The Massacre on board the Ship
Waverly. New Tori, Jan. 19. A let
ter from Manila to Elwood Walter, states
that 290 Coolies were murdered on board
the ship Waverly. It seems that the
slight mutiny of the Coolies had been ef
fectly quelled after the fil ing of a few
shots, and the killing of two or three of
their leaders, the remainder having re
treated below and the hatches beiii"- fas
tened down upon them. Subsequently,
owing to remonstrances from the agent of
the vessel, the hatches were removed,
when it was fonnd that 290 were dead, a
part of those as was proven on examination
had been scalded by hot water which had
been poured down the hatches, by order
ot Lapt- French. The officers of the
ship are in prison, awaiting a judicial ex
amination. Ocr Relations with Great Brit
ain. Washington, Jan. 1 G. The Union
says that no such question as a suspen
sion of diplomatic intercource has been
before the Cabinet. Our relations with
Great Britain are extremely delicate,
perhaps critical, but the proposed with
drawal of our Minister is not among the
evidences which intimate the delicacy of
these relations. The Union further says :
"We cannot deny that there are serious
questions and difficulties between the tw o
Governments."
Jefferson Davis was nominated as U.S
Senator for Mississippi on the 1st ballot,
by a majority of 12.
Thb President's Coup d'Etat.
The Washington correspondent of the
cum uimuua n ines as iouows on
Friday :
" Rumors of a meditated coup d'etat.
on the basis of the intimation thrown out
by the official gazette yesterday, continue
It is said that the President has prepared
a special Message for Congress, appris
ing that body that he has given orders
for the suspension of diplomatic inter
course with England, on a contingency
almost certain to happen ; that he has
summoned the Cabinet to deliberate
whether he shall transmit it to the Sen
ate alone, or to the House also. If he
decide to exclude the latter body in this
official act, it will be regarded as an Ex
ecutive reprimand for its failure to or
ganize. He will demand that the coun
try be placed in a state of defence. The
House is expected to fly into a passion,
and to insist on its priveleges as a non
existent and prematurely deceased, or
rather, yet unborn body. It is superflu
ous to say that the country would in such
case fully sustain the President, and treat
the passion of the House with contempt.
I may state in passing, that a member
of the Cabinet alleges that we are in the
midst of a crisis, and that a war will take
place with Great Britain withtn sixty
days. I would advise the merchants,
however, not to act upon this rumor, but
to proceed with their shipments and other
business as if no war were pending"
Heceipta for the Standard
ior the week ending January 2ith
Sncer D. Howard, Inuburgh-Edward Tay-
SM ,rU-TWm- P- Dode' Barion Landing-E.
S. Miller, Wertfield-CharW rTi. -, . .
.25 each; Kwell FUk, Albany, John
-anger, Irasburgh , 31 cents. ' ' 'w '
St. Louis, Jan. 19. The Kieannn
Pioneer of the 18th inst., says a battle
4 - a - uvtnccil
a party of free State men and some pro
slavery men, in which one of the latter
was killed and several wounded. Sev
eral abolitionists were also killed or
wounded. A company from Lawrence,
under Capt. Brown, and the Kicapoo
Kangers were the parties engaged. A
large numher of persons had left for Eas
ton. The disturbance supposed to have
grown out of the election on the 15th.
Washington, Jan. 18. The Repub
licans held a caucus at the Capitol to
night, and about ninety were present.
Mr. Leiter was the chairman ; several
evinced a disposition to drop Mr. Banks,
but the general feeling to sustain him was
strong as heretofore. At eleven o'clock
a discussion arose as to the best means of
securing his election.
New York, Jan. 19. The Washing
ton correspondent of the Herald states
that the rumor of Secretary Davis's elec
tion to the U. S. Senate is confirmed and
that he contemplates resigning his seat in
the Cabinet.
Tiie Filliel-sters. The propellor
Arctic is constantly in readiness at the
Brooklyn Navy Yard, to start for filli
busters, a large number of whom are ex
pected to take passage by the steamship
Northern Light, which starts this week.
The emigrants are said to be young men
in delicate health, and, fortified by physi
cians' certificates, hope to escape the
lynx-eyed District Attorney of New
York.
fi- Major General Williams, the gal
lant defender of Kars, although connect
ed with several northern families, has no
immediate relatives in England. His
family, the London Morning Herald
says, are now resident in America. His
private secretary, who took an active part
in the siege, and distinguished himself
for his gallantry, is an American.
Counterfeiters Arrested. The
New York Mirror states that four men
(boatmen) were arrested in that city on
Thursday evening, for passing counter
feit ten dollar bills purporting to be of
the Agricultural Bank, of Pittsfield, Ms.
The bills are well executed, and liable to
deceive good judges of money.
Anew variety of wheat from Chi
h, has been received by the Commission
er of Patents, This wheat is very pro-ducuve-acropof
five hundred bushels
having been raised from four btUiels of
seed.
-..s, s.v.w, ouue onvcruj
held at Indianapolis, Indiana, on the S i
inst., nominated the following ticket . '
For Governor, A. P. Willard ; j I
Governor, John C. Walker; Secr.-h
of State, Daniel McClure ; Auditor I
State, J. W. Dodd ; Treasurer of $,a! !
Aquilla Jones ; Attorney General j i
soph F. McDonald: Superintendent f I
Tublic Instructions, Wm. C. LarraVe -Clerk
of the Supreme Court, ym -,'
Beach ; Reporter of the Decisions of tl,l
Supreme Courf, Gordon Tanner.
Political. A Larg? meeting 0f th
"Original Live Oak Club" was held C
New York on Thursday evening, jj,
ratio N. Wild, the President, stated that
there were sixteen Clubs in active op.
tion in the city, and several others in th
State. Resolutions were passed invitin
the working-men and mechanics of th
United States to form auxiliary Ch
for the purposoof securing the nomination'
and election to the Presidency of Gcorm.
T . .1 , i . . .
s working-man and the workin-.
man's friend. Also invites the "
Oak Club" in that city, and all other,
friendly to their views, to meet on Wed-
nesday evening next, for the purpose of
appointing a Committee to act as a Xa.
tional Committeeof Correspondence with
all Associations formed in Accordance
with the spirit othe above mentioiicd res
olutions.
In New Orleans, recently, a Sun.
day law was proposed, closing on tlf
Sabbath all the rum shops, and places of
amusement, except theatres. The mea
sure actually passed one branch of the
city government, but was defeated in (hc.
other. The papers called it a "Boston
Notion."
v" He New York Journal of Com
merce says that there is now invested in
the ice business, in all parts of the Uni
ted States, between $6,000,000 and S7.
000,000 ; and the number of men to
which ii. gives employment, during tf)c
winter months, is supposed to be from
8,000 to 10,000.
CiT Marblehead annually manufactures
some 300,000 pairs of boots and shoes,
that are valued at over a million of dol
lars. They have 2,5Cj persons 1080
males and 1485 females, employed in the
business. 'fm?y have found it for their
advantage to have fewer fishing vessels
and more shoe shops.
CiT At the last session of the Legisla
ture of Missouri, a law was passed, in
corporating a company to establish a line
of stages from the western part of that
istate to ban Francisco. Calculations
are made that the route could be traveW
petition Congress for the nVT.t e
- - --. V vii n;iy
and a grant of land along the route.
The New Haven Mchdeb. Jfrw
Jan. 17. The Grand Jury this
afternoon, . ... , J 11115
Principal a"!6 SamueI
t, -''-'loUa Wak
i iiiuici, auu n .
ieman, the
Fnl c tr
accessories to the murdei '
thews. They will soon be tnstus Mat"
Sables and Josiah Jackson weM"
evening discharged from prison. T'lit
Prophetess wept like an infant on being
told that she must remain. Hersey said,
pointing to the Prophetess, they little
know what they are about in shutting up
that person here.
Di:roT Crushed bt Snow Heavy
Loss. Richmotid, Far.. Jan. 16. The
depot of the Danville railroad in this city
w as on Saturday night crushed in by the
weight of snow on the roof, and is now a
heap of ruins. Twenty-five cars filled
with freight were also demolished. LcbS
$00,000.
Injunction on the Ciiari.es IIivek
Railroad. We learn that on Satunlir
last an injunction was granted by the Su
preme Court, stopping the running of
trains on the Charles River Branch Rail
road, and no trains have passed over the
road since that day. The injunction vi
sum! out by the heirs of a claimant of
land damages, and is only for the trifling
sum of yjoOO. The. Charles Hi'vcr
Branch extends from Brookmo to Wet
Needham, about nine miles, and the trains
are run on contract by the Boston and
Worcester Railroad. On the Charles
River Branch there are upwards of filly
season ticket holders, and the transient
travel is quite extensive. The annoy
ance to the season ticket holders, most of
whom are mechanics, is quite serious.
It is presumed that the interruption of
travel w ill be but temporary, as thefrientU
of the road are making arrangements to
have the injunction removed. 2tew Enj
lurid Farmer.
Tiie British Ccrrenct. It has ken
finally decided to introduce the decimal
currency all over the United Kingdom.
The pound will be retained as the unit,
and divided into one thousand purts.
The half-crown will be abolished thf
shilling fifty, the sixpence twenty-five,
and a new coin will be introduced repre
senting five farthings, h Liile the present
farthing will be depreciated one twenty
fifth in value that is, there will be
thousand to the pound sterling, in.'c! ci
nine hundred and sixty.

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