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Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, March 06, 1856, Image 2

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RBUE-WAT STAMJARiS.
a. a. harm?, r.imoji.
"nUSIU'EGil, TiirESDAT, SAlinY G7Tsiti7
S M rr.M TXr.lLI, ,t ;,.., M State t., n.K--,t..
1' N ii st., Npv York, iint aiitlinriz
r ii hi.- l'r :t:c .-M.in'liirit ill both tii'we j:!.:.'.
i: vn:s OF AIVtIITISa.
y,.( " " 2rJ
.,, .'ire, uin- t-,.r, 3
Un? -ijiurtt. ix iini;:!i, 4
i. v Ni;.ire, three ow'ki, 1
, iv.tl.e iiiiUH jr less nmkc a njnare.
nomination of Sir. Fillmore.
As e anticipated in our List i.-sue,
"if. Fillmore lia.s received tliu nomina
tion of the American National Conven-
,'ii:ion fur l'Tesiiloiit. Whether this
l.oiiitiiaii'jM will prme a judicious one,
wi; nix- not prepared to sy. There has
l-fi ii I'dti.-iili-niLIu bolting sine: it v,a
made, mill ,-everaI ul tlie delegates, even,
i It the convention and returned home
I .; -fre in j.rvccwllni were brontht to a
The nomination La- been variously
rouiuicntul upon l;y die newspaper prcs.-s.
llilo.v we give some of Ilium, which
(how the s.tuto of feeling fit the North.
Tlui.-i far, we believe the nomination of
31 r. Fillmore given very general satisfae
li.in to the Whigs, the Conservatives, and
a par: perhaps u majority of the Amer
ican party ; hat unless t!u-y and the Iie-
piiiltcaiis unite on Inin against the pres
i nt administration, l.ij dcii-at inu-.t be a
' fort-gone conclusion," which would result
in the certain triumph of Pierce, Bueh
h;ku( or some other pro-slavery Deino
rrut. The Republican Convention which
lately assembled ut Pittsburgh to organ
ize tin.- party, has adjourned to meet again
at Philadelphia on the 17th of June, when
I hey will bring out their candidate, and
f-houhl they endorse Mr. Fillmore his
i-'.cctiou would be quite certain, but should
ticy repudiate him which everything
at present indicates they will do then
hid nomination by the late American
National Convention amounts to nothing,
further than to dLtract and divide the
people of the North.
It is to be hoped that there may be a
linn union of all the free Stales, to resist
l tie further encroachments of the Slave
power, in the nest Presidential election.
The Republicans have put forth a deci
dedly anti-slavery platform, one sullicierit-
broad to holdall the people of the North,
whether W nigs, Abolitionists, Americans,
or lie-publicans.
The Boston Courier says :
" The stormy proceedings of the Con
vention ended with the nomination of one
of the best men in the Union as a candi
date tor President, but in a house so es-heuii-.diy
divided against itself the nom
ination does not appear to be a matter of
much consequence. Mr. 1 illmore does
not belong to the order of Know Noth
ing." The Boston Post says:
The Know Nothings are knocked into
a eock'd hat by their divisions in "rnud
council and grand convention. Fillmore
and Doueloon are the candidates for
President and Vice President of the
southern section, and the northern section
will, probably, pl.iy bob to Francis P.
Blair's kite, and dance to the abolition
tune of black republicanism."
The Mew York Express (American)
endorse the nomination of Fillmore with
r.iiie'a spirit, and says of him :
"A Northern man i:i principle and
training, and thoroughly imbued in all
the constitutional principles of the North,
lie yet, in his administration of public af
fair;, has known no North, no South, no
East, no West, nothing but the country
an a w hole, and he administered the
government for that whole in a v.av that
party spirit could hardly cavil at', and
.uieh gave satisfaction to nine-tenths of
me peopio ut tilt; country. He himself
ha.-, had no hand in securing this nom
ination. It may be said, perhaps, be left
the country fr a while, so as to be free
i. oni all suspicion. of interference or con
nection with this high object of honorble
ambition. The tribute given to him.
therelore, is the spontaneous tribute of a
oa.itry -to probity, qualification, and sound
principle."
i'i.e Lowell Courier (independent)
"The nomiuatiun of .Mr. Fillmore by
t te American convention at Philadelphia
w.ll gtvc strength to the party making it
u: the South, and will sadly perplex the
Mi. terrified . No Pre.-ident. since Wash
ington, has left the Presidential chair
nu.ru universally n-si.cct.ed for tin' nbilitv
and integrity which he displayed in his
a ga ouice tiitm Mr. 1 ilimore. His
J.-i.'ii!nat:o:i is destined to be favorably
l'ecitiV.d." J
The Now Bedford Mercury (Whig)
thinks that Mr. Fillmore should recieve
the general support of the American
1 !.v and lii-i election should be insisted
":i a:i as a national measure, irrespective
o. sectional issues. It ?avs :
"V.'e therefore regard Mr. Fillmore's
nomtnation as a ,o!id L;..sis for the Amer-
i'-a:i party to rally upon, however dimin
li!'v,: mav lj" prospects of success.
. 'Mr- I-'ilknore, their candidate, we
tn-y might have gate further and
l.Hvii wor.-e.
'Th" Portland State of Maine. (Whig)
"it is hnpo-Mble to predict what may
c:i;-"':l of tllis nomination on the
lH.hticd prospects of the country. The
h;gh character of Mr. Fillmore, "his un
tiaesttonablc patriotism, and the distin
;; i!stied ability which has marked his en
tire public career, have placed him among
!oh forci.tu;: men of his time. Scarcely
iny Riiu iine.j the &lyf ol- Wa-hington
has retirwl from the Presidential chair.
wiili more honor thuu did Mr. Fillmore,
and his return thereto is au event by no
nieana imtirobiible."
The Philadelihia Inquirer (Whig) eu
logizes Mp. Fillmore, and says :
'The nomination which has just been j
made may be regarded as in some sense
a spontaneous demonstration on the part i
ofalartre portion of the American peo- I
pie. It wus not sotigiit bv Mr Fillmore, ;'
. :
inil lie. in a lititriot ever
willing to serve
his country, and he will, therelore, as vvu
doubt not, accept and abide the issue.
It would, indeed, be a fortunate thing for
the Republic, if all its future Presidents
should possess as many lofty qualities of
head and heart as the distinguished gen
tleman to whom we have referred."
The Lowell Courier again says :
"Those papers which imagine that any
thing is to be made by squirting dirty
wnrer lit Mr. I'illttiore. will flml them
selves very much out in their calculations
; . i i r . T-i. i
in tne long run. iur. r nunore is one
of our very few, pure high-minded pub
lic men, who has not resorted to indirec
tion and the low arts of the political in
triguer and wire-puller to advance him-
;elf. and as such he is entitled to the re
spect of men of all parties."
The Albany liejioter, the leading
Know Nothing journal at Albany, com
mences an url:'j!e upon the Fillmore nom
ination with ' we cannot and we will not
do il, and blows up the whole ada:r, it
will not support him.
The Albany Tiunscript says:
"The dillerent American Councils of
Troy met Thursday evening and ratified
the nomination of Fillmore and Donei
son. There was great enthusiasm in the
Councils."
The Baltimore American, a conser
vative Southern Y.'hig paper, congrat
ulates its readers and the rnimtrv lii.nn
the nomination of Fillmore as n fact tleit
speaks at once of union, harmony, nation
alism and success. It says:
'The selection of Mr. Fillmore places
the American narty unon a tdatform of
conservatism, concilliation and compro
mise which we lirmly believe it could
not have so certainly reached by the
nomination of any other candidate, and
will draw to its support the national Union
lovintr masses in all section. of tl.t- emm.
y. Such men may be trusted without
blind confidence in the platform on
hieh he is placed. He has been tried
tind approved, and if again elevated to
the Presidency, will be found as hereto
fore, the firm, upright, consistent Presi
dent, and unwavering supporter of the
eoiininuuonai rignts ot every section.
AVe shall await the action of the Con
vention which assembles next June, be
fore we express a decided preference for
any particular candidate.
Profeasion vs. Practice.
The Democrats of the Third Congress
ional District assembled atIIydepark,on
the 7th ult., for the purpose of choosing
two delegates to attend the National De
mocratic Convention to be holden at Cin
cinnati, at wddch a series of resolutions
were passed, as is usual with all great
pohucal gatherings,' setting forth t! -
luineiples they nrofciS anJ ,vl;ch .Lev
claim should be considered 83 H13 rule of
hutli of their party in "'ermont. The
following is one of the resolutions:
Pesoh-eJ, That the Nebraska,.,:,! Ten
sas bil!,Po called, ii in harmony with the
spu.i oi tne constitution is true to the
principles laid down 111 the Baltimore
1 tatlorm ;s based on the ritiht of the
people to govern themselves, and cxhib-
i j 1 1 . , i . 1 I 1 , .
itS tlUlt fllll 1111(1 eillPdn. nnnClA,,,,.,
' - -' VVJll(l.vt.llt,lJ 111
their ability and intelligence to justly and
widely govern themselves, which the De
mocratic party, as distinguished iVom the
various other polith-td jiartics, has always
lelt, and on every proper occasion boldly
expressed and fearie. sly acted upon.
With the sentiment and laivuaic of
the resolution just quoted, so far as it
rcate-s to the people having the right and
the ability to govern themselves, wearee
with in every particular. It is just what
we and all true Democrats have ever
claimed, and what we in the coming crisis
shall labor to obtain. Unfortunately,
however, llm professions and the practices
of the present administration do not har
monize. "While they so patriotically put
forth their demagogue platform to blind
the eyes of their followers in Vermont,
their President is permitting the resi
dents of a foreign State to override those
very jeople which Vermont Democrats
claim have the " right" and the "ability"
to govern them-elves.
In another resolution they endorse the
acts of President Pierce as follows :
Pesolvetl, That the administration of
r ranklin Pierce, both in its foreign and
domestic policy, h, its strict adherence
to the Constitution, in its fearless disre
gard of ail sectional excitements in i;s
uuimtenaiice of the just rights of all por
tions ot the Uuion, and of our national
honor m reference to the conllicts now
waging among the despots of Europe,
eminently commends itself to all true
Democrats and all patriots who love the
Lmon, and the advancement and "lory
of our country, better than faction.
These two resolutions give the lie to
each other. By endorsing the acts of
the President in the Kansas difficulties,
they say in effect that the people of that
Territory have neither the "right" nor the
- ability" to govern themselves. This is,
however, nothing new for the Democratic
party. Their professions Lave ever been
one way, their practices quite another.
CounucTiu.x. In the advertisement
of Barton Academy, the came of Miss
ums has appeared as Miss Ax.ms thro'
mistake. We have orbited n,
lars for the sclw'. with the same error in
aem.
g Below we publish a list of the town
officers elected in the various towns in
I , . f , , f
Tr mni tjr.IT- (ten. "Wnrthinrtnn ir..
Moderator; Tho's Jameson, Town Clerk ;
Wm. II. Band, "Wm. P. Dodge, James
Clement, Selectmen; A. A. Webster,
C. Dewey, Ceo. M. Kellam, Listers ;
Thomas Jameson, Treasurer; George
Worthington jr., Town Agent; Chandler
Dewey, Overseer of the Poor; Sabin
t- ii . -l i - .t r
ivetiam, ueo. v ortnmgton jr., ueorge
Nye, Trustees of Surplus Money; Svl
ve-ter Howard. Town Grand Juror; G
Worthington jr., Ira II. Allen, Sabin
Keliam, Auditors ; John Guild, Consta
ble and Collector; C. W". Seott, Town
Superintendent.
Covkxtky. Henry II. Frost, Town
Clerk ; Henry II. Frost, Town Treasu
rer; F.lijnh Cleveland, Azariah "Wright,
I!. Vi. Peabody, Selectmen; Erastus
Wright, Geo. Ii. Lane, Oscar F. Miller,
Listers ; Henry II. Frost. Overseer of
the Poor; Silas G. Bean, First Consta
ble and Collector of Taxes ; Greenleaf
Boynton, Elijah Cleveland, Tsaae Parker,
Auditors ; Loring Frost, Ira Boynton,
Town Grand Jurors; Selectmen Fence
Yiewers, and Sealer of Weights and
Measure's ; Lewis Nye, Seth F. Cowies,
Inspectors of Leather; David W. Blan
ehurd, Superintendent of Schools; Am
asa Mast ridge, Philip Flanders, Isaac
P.n.l-oi' 'fi'iiclfio .Qiirnlii Tiirwl- T.rt-
ring F'rot, Bay. TV. Case, Balph Bi:y
rough?, Sextons. . .
Coc-NTT Commissioxek. The vote
. .
for County Commissioner ia this town.
J n",
storni : .
stood :
Porter Ilinman,
Jacob I'ates,
Geo. Tv". Hartshorn,
40
1
Total,
In Co
113
In Coventry, Mr. Ilinman had a ma-
I
jority of twenty
We have received two enmmnni-
cations from " Jack Brace," giving some dence in themselves." But mark, he
sketches of a Whaleman's life, which will does not pretend that their faculty to gov
appear in due course of time. ern is based upon " Physical Superiori-
7
Benjamin Franklin was a printer !
Lord Brougham was a printer ! Horace
. -
Greeley ts a printer! George N. Willey
is a printer and so am I.
Ges. Sam Houston on President Pismfi
(From a late sueech in Tex:is.
may have charged that Mr. Pierce
has not redeemed the idedtres Driven hv
him to discountenance all agitation of the
slavery question. I liave alledzed that
he was pledged to resist it and if he has
not done so he has aided with his influ-
ence in bringing about a repeal of the
uiMUUH compromise, ana tnat was the
"" "l "guauoii ; ana 1 ao cnarge
him with violation of his solemn pledges,
Agitation was dead, but he has given it
vitality and life.
charge Mr. Pierce with having tri
lled with the best interests of the coun
try. He has produced .1 dern-Pf, nf A'U.
ranrrcsiwH" H ,.i-;r,i i ,.r
:t which were unknown to any former
period. The old Jackson democracy
stood upon principles. They were con
servative, and adhered to the Union and
the constitution. It would seem an at
tempt had been made to engraft upon
them others that were foreign in princi
ple, and could not be relied on without
a portion ot the '-loaves and fishes" whilst
capital of patronatie was expended
bounties to enlist new recruits to raise
force sufficient to secure him victory in
another presidential campaign. Not re
lying upon principle, be has had reourse
to expediency, and finds himself at this
time in the most deplorable condition
that has beer, known to any former pres-
jkc at bis discomfiture, cannot re-
mem. iris enemies Lave rpnsnn tr 1-0
joice at his situation. Ii is my country
that sustains the blow, and no matter
whether it results from his incompetency,
or from a misfortune incident to the
times, or a want of capacity on his part
to govern the country, 1 mus.t deplore its
unfortunate condition.
California X7cv73.
The general news is unimportant.
The business portion of San Andres is
burnt. Loss $40,000.
The Senate of California passed a reso
lution declaring it expedient to elect a U.
h. .Senator during the present session
1 ne Limatour claim has been con
tu-mctt by tue L. S. Commissioner. The
claim covers 15.000 acres of bind in nA
near San Francisco
it is estimate,! tn
be worth six millions,
The case will be
carried to the Sunreme Court
Oregon dates are to the 20th of Jan.
There had been no more fighting. The
Governor had called for five more com
panies of volunteers.
The Panama Star mentions a report
that the. French frigate Ambuscade is on
her way to inquire into Walker's treat
ment of French subjects.
Revolutionary parties are forming hi
Nicaragua against Walker, and Costa
Piica is sending a force against Lira
- j
There are no later dates from South
America.
1
steamer Belle near "Sacramento, killing
thirty persons, and totally destroyicK the
boat. Many others were badly injured, govern.
The only names given of the missing are I believe quarreling schools are dis
Napoleon Hyte, a pilot, Alonzo Taylor, honorable to parents, teachers, and scbol
clerk, and E. Sheets, male. ars, with few. nerhan,. n
The Swedeustein German dry coods
f.m , c . , w
Crm at San l rancisco Lave siisnenrler!
! liabilities S6OO.O0O '
(Corrcsponftnicc.
For the Standard.
School Government.
Mr. Editor: Absence from Lome
and passing duties at home, Lave pre
vented a more seasonable reply to James
of Irasburgh, in No. 7 of the Standard.
I was not a little disappointed in that
article, for I supposed that having as
sumed to show that " the successful teach
er must be superior to tire scholars Phys
ically" he would attempt to show that no
one should be licensed to teach school
without " physical" abilty to knock down
and drag out of the school room every
species of rowdyism and disorder. I
thought Le would possibly tell us that
parents and scholars were like that do
mestic animal of which it is said the more
he is whipped the better he likes Lis
master; or perhaps have discoursed upon
the comparativPjSuperiority of those schol
ars having teachers witn masculine pow
ers, over those which Lave not. But in
stead of this he has given the greater
show of his remarks upon the other side
of the point at issue. No doubt it was
from the impulse of a generous heart to
help us along. 'Though I may be inca
pable of ronumerating him by coming as
far upon his side of the question, yet I
ituiuu iiob lull iu iuouii: mill mut J. up-
. .1 i i i 1 .1 .
preciate the kindness, and consider that
. .....
ould not fad to assure him that I ap-
m
uch of what was contained in that arti
ele, when considered upon our side of the
question, is " like apples of gold in pic
tures of silver," because " fitly spoken."
He says, " But there are some of both
sexes who Lave tllB fllcult7 t0 govern.
Til T 1 1 rt 1
i.ney nave Knowteuge ot Human nature,
.ecision of character, firmness of mind,
common sense. Tlmtr nUn linim nti.
ty," but upon knowledge, human nature,
e -,, r i.,i.a
, .1,:, :..
oii. iuw 11 niia 13 nut geitiiig quite
n 0U1. sijC) we shall be . tQ bfi
infbrme.J.
' - lU Di0Sea2S the Cynic w hom he
ttuotes BOSSCSS tihvsical nower to nnvp.rn
a race of men? If so. why was he a
isl:ivn? T ln nnf iin1jrcfnl 1.! i-.l. . ,c-
to be based upon muscular strength.
Were thev. or were t W not ? Tf
why bring him into show the necessity of
physical superiority" in the school teach-
U? Trobably I entertain no Li-her
opinion of President Franklin Pierce's
qualifications, mental or moral, for school
teaching and governing than I; still I pre-
sumo he has all the physical povyer that
either James or myself would consider
necessary. Although I think very highly
of soft words and gentle means, yet I
believe in a thorough -discipline ia the
school room and probably shall be the
last one to complain if my children are
reasonably chastised with the rod. I
have ever taken the part of teachers .in
choosing their own method of governing,
provided no serious injury is done to the
scholar. Still I do not believe it rea
sonable or manly to ask the candidate for
teacher to stop, and put on bones, sinews
and flesh sufficient to sweep his way
through a gang of rowdies before he can be
deemed qualified for a successful teacher.
I believe no such thing. And as I said
in my former remarks, "I am quite unwil
ling to believe I was born to live in such
a time," (ie) in a time when " the mam
moth power is considered an all important
prerequisite for governing a school."
Whether in this I am considered as
'crowing" or crying, in the woodo" or
out, it is still my conviction that public
opinion (excepting I and some others)
is so strongly set against such a view of
the subject, that one might as reasonably
think of turning the current of the Ni
agara, by shoveling into it saw dust, as to
think ot converting this enlightened age
into those old and almost obsolete notions.
Who but one who is feeling after the by
ways of his ancestors would have thought
of pulling the teacher because with " fear
and trembling" he had managed so as to
live through a term in one of those
schools ? My opinion is, that if he cniihl
not maintain his position without "fear
and trembling," he should have said to hi
employ ers, take away those obieets nfm.
UreaU or you cannot have niv service.
,1 .1
" Far aud trembling," Honorable ? No
it is cowaruiy and dishonorable I I would
say to every teacher, stand up. boldly and
fearlessly, or leave your trust to some
one who will. The sooner such districts
are made to know that they cannot have
a school without a pledge to stand in the
teachers defence against all intrusions the
better. Let teachers before entering
such schools, secure the pledged protect
tion and (.nnnomi;n nf i. j ,
committee, and district. Let the con
j.v,iiiiUU i mv; )ruuenuat
tract be such that a failure on their part
v ju lilVil pill
to carl7 out the pledae. shall be an hnn
oiaoie discharge, and secure to him his
wages for the whole term : nnr! T Qm
7 um
fiknt that there would be but little turn-
iuS out teachers for want nf ni,;i;t ...
T ;n 1 . , .
- lenuer my acknowledo-p-
,T,,.t . t . J ULMlu,u'uce-
I ZJT. " 80
- 1,1 i"c cause 01 woman s
rights. My motto is, Honor to whom
honor is due. When I speak of vomans
rights as being her due, I do not mean to
say that mans rights are hers ; or that
man has no rights. I say, " if he w ill
allow me and other young men, who
choose to continue teaching, contrast the
ability of the sexes." I will allow it and
help him too. In this town the winter
term commenced with four gentlemen
and nine lady teachers. Two of the gen
tleman's schools have been closed ; as I
have been informed, for lack of govern
ment, and one Miss has left on account
of poor health ; while the other ten have
prosecuted their work with commendable
success. Several schools where we heard
great complaint against masters last win
ter, are among those taught successfully
by a mistress this winter. So much for
contrast. Will friend James tell us how
it is in Irasburgh ? I am quite willing
facts should speak. I cannot award to
the Ladies all the credit of their success,
that public opinion is giving them the
advantage over men to some extent at
least, for while the man is expected in
some places to fight his own battles with
out help from friend or foe; the Miss is
regarded as the object of protection, and
to be defended in her rights. The parent
who would think it an act of heroism in
his son to put the master out of the door
or window ; would regard it mean and
cowardly to begin a quarrel with a mis
tress. Here then is the reason why the
mistress stands the best chance in a bad
school. Not on the ground of superior
abilities, but because public sentiment is
more In her favor.
Now let every teacher instead of cloth
ing up physically, demand this shield
from the district, and soon the notion of
turning the teacher out of doors would be
regarded every where as barbarous. As
I remarked in my first article, " That
there are places where such impure and
unhealthy atmosphere prevails, is a la
menatable fact." But to think of getting
rid of it by the argument of might, would
be likeadding fuel to put out a fire. But if
we must have such teachers and schools,
would not one to a county be sufficient ?
Suppose the school room be contiguous
to the stone house at the county seat,
(now to be let.) The . affinity between
the two suggests the propriety of making
the stone house a boarding place.
Let teachers licenses empower them to
make out a warrant against all ungovern
able troublers in their schools. Then
make it the duty of the proper officer, on
receiving such a warrant, to lodge such
offenders forthwith in said boarding room
to wait the call of their new tonolioj
where they must stay at least one term at
the expense of the parents. Under this
state of things, would not public senti
ment ripen so fast, that after the first
term the teacher might be discharged
and the school room be rented ? This,
as you have seen, is not my way of doing
the thing, but as I am desirous of return
ing the compliment by helping James a
littlej I thought I would suppose it, and
leave it for him to make any alterations
or amendments he may please. Intend
ing this as my close upon this subjet, I
have continued it to greater length than
I otherwise should have done.
In our conclusion we wish to say that
we shall deem it quite excusable in brother
James if he hereafter sticks closeby to
the position which he has laid down.
Either qualify it, prove it, as recreant from
it. There it is ? The successful teacher
" must be superior to the scholars phys
ically." Hence, it must follow that all
who are not qualified with that kind of
superiority, are not successful teachers,
and that under their tuition, education
must be going backward and not forward.
H. N. Hovet.
Albany, Feb. 28th, 1856.
For the Standard.
tETTEE FSOS THE WEST.
AIaquoketa, Iowa, Feb. 18.
Feiend Eakle, I have for some
time contemplated writing you, but have
not till how set about it. As you see, I
date from a town in the new, but fine and
growing State of Iowa. How I got here,
you can perhaps better imagine than I
can tell land and water, railroad, boat,
and stage Burlington, O-rdensburch.
Suspension Bridge, (just got a glimpse of
11 iooks grand,; through Canada to De
troit, Chicagoand Dubuque, (a fast grow
ing city,) from which place I took a foot
tramp of some forty miles to.this place.
Maquoketa (pronounced Makoketa,
accent on the second syllable,) is a vil
lage of some 1,000 inhabitants, situated
about forty miles south of Dubuque, and
thirty west of the Mississippi, on the
borders of a fine prairie, near a large
tract of wood-land, in the valley of a
river bearing the same name. It is a
growing place.
This is beyond dispute a fine country,
but the expense of building is a great
drawback on its fast settlement. Pine
lumber can hardly be got at any price
this winter. When to be had, it costs 32
dollars per thousand feet. All the lum
ber is proportionately high; consequently
few can afford a good or convenient dwell
ing, on first coming here. Oak being the
principal timber produced here, i9 used
a great deal in building-as shingles,
clap-boards and flooring. In fact the
wood-work of some houses" is almost en
tirely oak Many build what are called
cement housesj which are made by filling
a box of the desired length and tLickness
of the walls, with broken stones, thrown
in promiscuously, when lime mortar is
poured over them. This is left till the
mortar is hard enough to stand nlorie,
when the box is raised and filled again.
But again I say this is a fine country
for a farmer, and if I were one, and not
already located, I am sure I would not
stop to clear off the trees and dig the
stumps of any part of Vermont, but would
find some spot in this beautiful west, and
and make me a farm and build me a
house where I could coax from 'Mother
Earth" all I should need for the body,
and leave a little time to spare for the
cultivation of the mind and of the heart,
Howard.
Indian Fight La 'Washington Territory.
Advices from Washington Territory
received at San Francisco on the day of
the steamer's sailing, give particulars of
a grand attack made on the 2Gth of Jan
uary, by the Jtvlikitats Indians upon Seat
tle in that Territory. For four nights
previous to the attack, the town had been
garrisoned by the officers and crew of the
Decatur. At 7 o'clock on the 2Gth all
hands returned to the ship, but in a very
short time information was sent that the
town was surrounded by the Klikitats.
The men were immediately re-landed and
the attack commenced by firing shot from
the howitzer, which was returned by a
volley from the entire rear of the town,
the . Indians uttering at the same time,
terrific yells of defiance.
The firing was continued until three
o'clock P. M., when finding that the In
dians could not be driven from the woods,
it was decided to settle the matter in a
different way. The women and children
were sent on board the Decatur and
Bronter, the citizens and marines were
left in charge of the block house, and the
officers and crew returned to the ship ;
the batteries were then opened from the
Decatur, and grape,' cannister and round
shot poured upon the Indians in such
quantities that the main body of them
retreated. After night-full shell and shot
were thrown wherever any signs of In
dians appeared, and by 10 P.M., all was
quiet. It is impossible to ascertain the
number engaged in the attack. There
are various rumors, from which we gather
that the Indians were from seven to nine
hundred strong. It is also rumored that
thelndians had 35 killedaud 36 wounded.
On the side of the whites only twn wore
killed both civilians. ,
The Indians shot too high ; the bullets
whistled over the heads of our forces.
An attack is feared upon Steilacoom, as
a short time before the steamer sailed an
express came into the garrison with' in
formation that the Indians had attacked
some whites about five miles from the
garrison. -' '-'
A later dispatch says a second attack
from the Indians was apprehended. '
Gov. Stevens had arrived at Olymnia.
and issued a proclamation calling for six
companies of volunteers. " '
Thueatesiso Aspect of Affairs
ix Kaxsas. Chicago, Feb. 26. The
Saturday's Missouri Democrat has three
letters from Kansas, dated 14th, loth and
18th, indicating the probable renewal of
hostilities on the 4th of March, which is
the time fixed for the inauguration of the
new State officers.
Judge Elmore has advised the officers
elect not to take the oath of office, as to
do so will be treason.
Iiobinson declares that he will take the
oath, if he is hanged the same hour.
The merchants of Kansas publish an
appeal to the St. Louis Chamber of Com
merce, to use their influence to prevent
further incursions into the Territory, as
they will be obliged to open avenues of
trade with the East through other States
if their trade through Missouri continues
to be interrupted.'.- ". ,
CaT On Saturday a young man named
Tyler Smith,' son of George Smith of
Yv est Rutland, shot himself, in his room,
with a double-barrelled gun. No cause
can be assigned for the act, except that
he had been somewhat subject to fits.
New York; Feb. '28. The Know
Nothing ratification meeting at the Tab
ernacle to-night, was very largely at
tended. J. H. Reynolds Dresidp.d. nr!
Jas. W. Barber, a leading Geo. Law man
joined iu the proceeds. -
A. J. Donelson spoke at some len"1h.
and was vehemently applauded.
Resolutions warmly endorsing the Phil
adelphia nominations were adopted with
great enthusiasm.
New York. Feb. 26. Th r.i
. -nuo
vv higs met at Constitution Hall to-nieht
,i -1 .. . . '
raoiveu, as tne lnends of Millard
Fillmore, to fire one hundred guns in
honor of his nomination at Philadelphia.
Washixgton, Feb. 26 TK a,:
cans are firing a salute to-night in honor
i r. xinmore's nomination.
tT Flour is failin-r.
(Congressional Zcwfi.
; V Washington-, 1.l i)p :
V f SENATE.
Mr. Hunter reported a bill maU .
j propnations for the payment of inv. ,'-.
and other pensions for the year cud'.
Juno, 1857. . 1 : '
Mr. Mallory, from' the Naval (.V
mittee, reported a bill authorizing ,1
construction ot ten sloops -of.
would ask its consideration on londj.
Mr. Eeli of Tenn. said the subject "0r
Central " American Affairs deserve ti
serious attention of not only every
ber of the Senate, but every citizens v,
desire to see the peace of the cctirr-.
maintained, and at the same time
National honor protected. Althourrj, n
sufficiently informed to speak with miH,
definitenes3 on the British. enlistmeil,
question, his opinion was, that lo suppus
any serious controversy was likely t0 rro,y
out of that subject was to suppose tin
common sense and reason had taken tit'
departure from those who had the man.
agement of affairs. However, he wou;j
be found on the side of his country vmi,
or wrong. Taking a view of the Clav.
ton-Buhver treaty somewhat different
from that of other Senators, he thouditl,,.
saw in the language of the treaty that it
was not expected the British would with.
draw absolutely and unqualified from
their Mosquito protectorate.
The British were not required to
abandon the protectorate, while at tLo
same time every precaution had been ta
ken by the American negotiator to attain
that, substantially preventing Great Brit
ain from exercising any dominion what
ever. He would not deny that Great
Britain might now be disposed to avail
herself of the forbearance on our part tu
defeat entirely this object of the treatv
but he did not think it expedient at pre
sent for this government to take any step
w hich might bring on a conflict, not wilt
England alone, but Ler allies, including
the whole of Western Europe.
. The following bill was passed :
The laws relative to pilots on steam
boats, and especially the act of 1852, shul!
not be so construed as to affect, annul c
impare the force or validity of Slate law;,
regulating pilotage in its ports, harbors,
or cvar bars at. the mouths of river.-,
where such waters are within the terri
torial jurisdiction of such State.
A bill was also passed authorizing tic
Secretary of the Treasury to permit die
owner of any vessel to change the name
of the same, on the presentation of suf-
fie'pnt re.T.fina thorefbr. -A.Jjou.moJ.
HOUSE.
The following committee were anpuiut-
ed the Special Committee on the subject
of the. Eailroad between the Atlantic and
Pacific: Messrs. Denver, Cal., Word-
worth, El., Houston, Ala., Molt, Ohio,
Wells, Wis., Kidwell, Va., Jewett, Ky.,
McCarty, N. Y., Evans, Texas, Rcado,
N. C Wood, Me., Lindley, Mo., Kunkle,
Penn.
The Speaker nominated as Regents of
the Smithsonian Institute on the part of
the House, Messrs. Meaeham, Warner
and English.
A message from the President asking
an appropriation of three millions for tit
manufacture of additional arms, and pro
viding armaments and munitions of v.ar,
was debated, but not disposed of.
Mr. Meaeham of Vt. was excused frua
serving as a regent of the Smithsonian
Institute. Mr. Campbell of Ohio, froai
the Committee of Ways and Mean?, re
ported bills to supply deficiencies in tfc
apppropriations for the support of tie
Military Academy, and for the pay meat
of invalid and other pensions.
Mr. Seward, while explaining the rea
son of his absence on the final vote for
the election of Speaker, alluded to tk
Order of Americans, and said that tli
American National Convention, by ig
noring the twelfth section of the ri
delphia platform, have placed theuwivi
precisely where the Republicans stari
la his opinion, there was a secret sym
pathy between them. He drffjidcd the
President from the charges of a weak
and vacillating course relative to Kansas.
I , Wasuijigtom, Feb. 27.
SENATE.
Mr. 'Wheeler, from the Military Ceni
mittee, reported a bill to increase the ef
ficiency of the army,' according to the re
commendation of the President in bi
message to the House yesterday.
The bill regarding fortifications in Cal
ifornia, Texas and Florida, was discus.
and recommitted to the Military Com
mittee, with instructions to report such
new works as may be necessary.
The appropriation bills for the pay
ment of invalid and other pensions
passed. ' Adjourned. " '
HOUSE.
Mr. Campbell of Ohio, from the Com
mittee of Ways and Means, reported tl
Indian appropriation bilL
. Mr. Grow from the Committe on Tef'
ritories reported a bill authorizing &
people of Oregon to form a State Gov
ernment. : Mr. Grow reported a bill annulling &
legislative acts of the Assembly of K'
6 as which requires certain oaths, inc8"
ding one to support the fugitive la x"

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