OCR Interpretation


Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, October 10, 1856, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022548/1856-10-10/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

ORLEANS INDEPENDENT STANDARD."
A, A. EARLE,' PUBLISHER.
3STo Moro Oompromiso witli Slavery
ITEHM5, 8125 IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME 1.
1I1ASBURGII, VERMONT, OCTOBER 10, 185G.
NUMBER 40.
4!tisccllanrou5 Articles.
lti
Hi,
u,
bb'
58;
bill
!K:
I.
'J,
!i
1
i:
i
u
TH3 32ER SPRINGS.
Tho following taken from Col. Fre
mont' Narrative of his second expedi
tion is an account of some of the re
markable natural traits of the Great
Salt Lake basin.
Aug. 23th, 1843.
This was a cloudless but smokey au
tumn morn in sr, with a bold wind from
the south east, and a temperature of 45
.at sunrise. Ia a few miles I noticed,
where a little stream crossed the road,
fragments of scoriated basalt scattered
.about the first volcanic rock we had
.seen, and which now became a charac
teristic rock, along our future road. In
about six miles' travel from our eucamp-
jaent, we reached one of the points in
our journey to which we had always
looked forward with great interestthe
famous Beer springs. The place in
.which they are situated is a basin of
miners waters enclosed by the moun
.tains, which sweeps around a circular
bend of Bear river, here at its most
northern point, and which, from a north
ern, in the course of a few miles ac
quires a southern direction towards the
Great Salt Lake. A pretty little stream
of clear water enters the upper part of
the basin, from an open valley in the
mountains, and passing through the bot-
iom, discharges into Bear river. Cross
ing this stream, we descended a mile be
low, and made our encampment in a
grove of cedar immediately at the Beer
springs, which, on account of the effer
vescing gas and acid taste, received their
names from the voysgeurs and trapper
.of the country who, in the midst of their
rude and hard lives, are fond of finding
some fancied resemblance to the luxu
ties they rarely have the fortune to en
joy.
Although somewhat disappointed in
the expectations which various descrip
tions had led me to form of usual beauty
of situation and. scenery, I found it al
'bitvv "SetQer place of very great interest
tthei' and a traveller for the first time in a vol-
So fa -canic region remains in a constant ex
THE I .citement, and at every step is arrested
u-opctis iy something remarkable and new.
There is a confusion of interesting ob
jects gathered together in a small space
Around the place of encampment the
Beer springs were numerous 5 but, as
fax as we could ascertain, confined entire
ly to that locality in the bottom. In the
ribelii' bed of the river, ia front, for a space of
fcc-J .several hundred yards, they were very
ico p6 abundant ; the effervescing gas rising up
and agitating the water in countless bub
bling columns. In the vicinity round a
bout were numerous springs oi an en
tirely different and equally marked min
eral character. In a rather picturesque
; mt.be 6pot, about 1,300 yards below our en
- 3 : i: ..t .1.
Auipuicin, mm lujmeuiaieiy on me river
bank, is Ihe most remarkable springs of
the place. In an opening on the rock, a
white column of scattered water is
thrown up, in form like a jet cTeau, to a
variable height of about three feet, and,
do.
1
IA!
IS Ut?
ir.4 scr.-
iu T."vs
ba raw.
1 pirxa
Jity d as
into jss
hs. M
tr St: to
rt pree"
our pm
atjit Is
trollV if
i If .1 a
rtmw mouga it is maintained m a constant
rU,0?c .supply, its greatest height is only at-
utmeu at regniar intervals, according to
It is ac-
. 1 1 . .
.cuuiaiueu uy a suoterranean noise,
I-a fnfi
. . 1
ter
ins
'""from i ;tije a'011 of tne force below,
' I. T . l a 1 ... .. . .
,w uicu logciner wun me motion of the
water, makes very much the impression
of a steamboat in motion ; and, without
knowing that it had been already previ
,ously so called, we gave to it the name
of Sleamhoat springs. The rock through
twhich it is forced is slightly raised in a
.convex manner, and gathered of the
.opening into an urn-mouthed ' form, and
is evidently formed by continued deposi-
t TEB-0' :'on ror water, and colored bright
putd, ii'ed by oxide of iron.
ct'w"' 11 " ,10t ?Pr!n?' an(1 tne water tas a
!ITC1,V -.pungent and disagreeable metallic taste,
LAtriet, leaving a burning effect on the tongue.
0 ithin perhaps two yards of the jet d'eau
Ctffarf' is a small hole of about an inch in dia-
metCI"' CaTXyr "Wch, at regular interv
Ji al4' "apw a Wast of hot air, with a
Vbita' light wreaih of smoke, accompanied by
naba. a rfgusar Boise. lh
is hole had hmn
-noticed by Dr. Wislizenus, a eenUeman
-who had several years since passed br
et' tL'a pIftCe' and wbo remarted, with very
.otb? . nice observation that smelling the pas
CriftiMtf which issued from the orifice produced a
b. , sensation of giddiness and nausea. Mr.
i it Preuss and myself repeated the observ-
ation, and were so well satisfied with its
correctness, that we did not find it pleaa-
the
; produced
A
while we were sitting at the springs a
band of boys and girls, with two or three
young men came up, one of whom I
asked to stoop down and smell the gas,
desirous to satisfy myself further of its
effects. But his natural caution had
been awakened by the singular and supi
cious features of the place, and he de
clined my proposaly decidedl, and with a
few indistinct remarks about the devil,
whom he seemed to consider the geniue
loci. The ceaseless motion and the play
of the fountain, the red rock and the
green trees near, makes this a pictures
que spot.
A short distance above the spring, and
near the foot of the same spur, is a very
remarkable yellow colored rock, soft and
friable, consisting principally of carbon
ate of lime and oxide of iron, of regular
structure, which is probably a fossil coral.
The rocky bank along the shore between
the Steamboat springs and our encamp
ment, alng which is dispersed the water
from the hills, is compossed entirely of
strata of calcareous lufa, with the re
mains of moss and reed-like grasses,
which is probably tiie formation of
springs. Ihe Jxer or doaa springs,
which have given name to this locality,
are agreeable but less highly flavored
than the Boiling springs at the foot of
Pike's peak. They are numerous and
half hidden by turfls of grass, which we
amused oursely.es in removing and
searching about for more highly impreg
nated springs. They are some of them
deep, and of various sizes sometimes
sever-ii yards in diameter, and kept in
constant motion by columns of escaping
gas.
In the afternoon I -wandered about a
mong the cedars, which occupy the great
er part of the bottom towards the moun
tains. The soil here has a dry -and cal
cined appearence ; some places, the open
grounds are covered with saline efflore-
cences, and there are a number of regu
larly-shaped and very remarkable iaifis.
which are formed of a succession of con
vex strata that have teen desposited by
the waters of extinct springs, the orifices
of which are found on their summits,
some of them having the form of funnel
shaped cones." Others of these remark
ably shaped hills are of a red colored
earth, entirely bare, and .composed prin
cipally cf carbonate of lime, with .oxide
of iron, formed in the same manner.
Walking near one of them, on the sum
mit of which, the springs w.ere dry, my
attention was attracted by an under
ground noise, around which I circled re
peatedly, until I found the spot from be
neadi -which it came ; and, removing the
red earth, discovered a hidden spring.
which was Jboilin g up from below, with
the same disagreeable metallic taste as
the Steamboat spring. Continuing up
the bottom, and crossing the little stream
which has been already mentioned, I vis
ited several remarkably red and white
hills which had attracted attention in the
morning, ibese are immediately upon
the stream, and, like those already men
tioned, are formed by the deposition of
successive strata from the springs. On
their summits, orifices through which the
waters had been discharged were 80
large, that they reseabled miniature
craters, being some of them several feet
in diameter, .circular, and regularly form
ed as if iy rt. At a former time, when
these dried-np fountains were all in mo
tion, they must have made a beautiful
display on a grand scale ; and nearly all
this basin appears to me to have been
formed under their action, and should be
called the place of fountain. At the
foot of one of these hills, or rather ,cnts
side near the base, are .several of these
small limestones columns, about one foot
in diameter at the base, and tapering up
ward to a height of three pr four feet ;
and on the summit the water is boiling
up and bubbling over, constantly adding
to the hight of the little obelisks. In
some, the water only boils up, no longer
overflowing, and has here the same taste
as at the steamboat spring. The observer
will remark a gradual subsidence in the
water, which formerly supplied the foun
tains ; as on all the summits of the hills
the springs are now dry, and are found
diminishing on their sides, pr the surface
of the valley.
of Dartmouth College, and distinguished
for a lively imagination and a great fond
ness for history. At the time of our
marriage, he resided at Cherry Valley,
N. Y. From this place we moved to
new Salem, Ashtabula County, Ohio ;
deputed Dr. Thilastus Hurlbut, one of
their member to repair to this place and
to obtain the original manuscript of Mr.
Spaulding, for the purpose of comparing
it with the Mormon Bible, to satisfy
their own minds and to prevent their
sometimes called Cooneaut, as it is situ- friends from embracing an error so de-
ated upon Conneaut Creek. Shortly lusive. This was in the year 1831. Dr.
after our removal to this place, his Ilurlburt brought with liira an introduc-
health sunk, and he was Laid aside from tion, and request for tie manuscript,
- : .1 V TT . IT., T ol-o
active labors. In the town of JNew j j
Salem, there are numerous mounds, and Wright and others with all of whom I
forts, supposed by many to be the dilnp- was acquainted, as they fc ere my neigh-
idated dwellings and fortifications of a brs when I resided in New Salem,
race now extinct. These ancient relics I am sure that nothing could grieve
arrest the attention of the new settlers my husband more, were he living, than
and become objects of research for the the use which has been made of his work
curious. Numerous implements were The air of antiquity which was thrown
found, and other articles evincing great about the composition doubtless sug-
skill in the arts. Mr. Spaulding being gested the idea of converting it to pur
an educated man and passionately fond poses of delusion. Thus an historical
of history, took a lively interest in these romance, with the addition of a few pious
developments of antiquity and in order expressions and extracts from the sa
to beguile the hours of retirement and cred Scriptures, has been construed wto
furnish employment for his lively imag- a new Bible and palmed off upon a
ination, he copefiijred the idea of giving company of poor deluded fanatics, as
an historical sketch of the long lost race, divine. I have given the previous brief
Their extreme antiquity of course would narration, that this work of deep decep
lead him to write in the fiioit ancient tion and wickedness may be searched to
tyle, and as the Old Testament is the the foundation, and its author exposed to
most ancient book in the world, he imit- the contempt and execration he so justly
ated its style as nearly as possible. His deservers.
sole object in writing this historical ro- Kev. Solomon Spaulding was the first
mance was to amuse himself and his husband of the narrator of the above
neighbors. This was about the year history. Since his decease, she has been
1812. Hull's surrender at Detroit, oc- married fa a. second husband by the name
curred near the same time, and I recollect f Davison. She is now residing in this
the date well from that circumstance. As place ; is a woman of irreproachable
he progressed in his narrative, the neigh- character and an- humble Christain and
bors would come in from time to time to her testimony is worthy of implicit con-
hear portions read, and a great interest ndence.
in the work was excited among them. It -A- Ely, D. D. Pastor Cong. Ch. in
claimed to have been written ,by one qf Mopscn.
the lost nation, and to have been recov- R D. Austin, Principal of Monson
ered from the earth, and assumed the Academy.
title of " Manuscript found." The neigh- .
bors would inquire how Mr. S- pro- THE RELIGION OP REV0LU-
gressed in deciphering " the manuscript," TI0NARY MEN.
and when he had a sufficient portion pre- I know I sigh when I think of it-
pared he would inform them, and they that hitherto the French people have
woum asseimmj 10 near reaa. ne been the least religious of all the nations
was enabled trom ms acquaintance with 0f Europe. It is because the idea of
the classics and ancient history, to in- God, which Vises from all the evidences
troduce many singular papies, which of naUlre and from the dej)8 of fl
were particularly noucea Dy me people tion, being the profoundest and weightiest
and cotti4ijesily recognized by them, idea of which human intelligence ?s can-
Mr. Spaulding had a Mother, Mr. John Uble, and the French mind, being the
opauiaing residing m tne place at the most rap;d but the most snDerficial. the
ume,Vno was perteoay laminar witli Ho-htest, the least reflecting of all Euro-
this work and repeatedly heard the whole pean races, Ous mind has not the force
ot it read.
From New Salem we removed to
Pittsburgh Pa. Here Mr. , found an
acquaintance and friend in the person of
and severity necessary to carry far and
long the greatest conception of the human
understanding.
Is it because our governments have
known in the language. History will
have the air of an athiett, when sho re
counts to posterity these annihilations.
rather than deaths, of celebrated men in
the greatest year of France. The vic
tims only have a God ; the tribunes and
victors have none.-
Look nt Mirabeau on the bed of
death 1 " Crown me with flowers," said
he, 44 intoxicate me with perfumes. Let
me die nt the sound of delicious music''
Not a word of Got! or of his soul. Sen
sual philosopher, he desired only supreme
sensualism, a v&st voluptuousness in bis
agony.
Contemplate Madame Roland, the
strong-hearted woman of the revolution,
on the cart that conveyed her to death.
She looked contemptuously on the be
sotted people who killed their prophets
and sybils. Not a glance toward heaven.
Only one word for the earth she was
quitting " Oh, Liberty !"
Approach the dungeon doors of the
Girondins. Their last night is a banquet,
the only hymn, the Marseillaise 1
Follow Camillo Desmoulius to his ex
ecution. A cool and indecent pleasant
ry at the trial, and a long imprecation on
the road to the guillotine, were the two
last thoughts of this dying man on his
way to the last tribunal.
Hear Danton, on the platform of the
scaffold, at the distance of a line from
God and eternity. " I have had a good
time of it ; let me go to sleep." Then
to the executioner, " You will show my
head to the people ; it is worth the
trouble!" His faith, annihilation ; his
last sigh, vanity. Behold the French
man of this latter age 1
What must one think of the religious
sentiment of a free people, whose great
figures seem to march in procession to
annihilation, and to whom that terrible
minister, death, itself recalls neither the
threatenings- or promises of God !
The republic of these men without
God has quickly been stranded. The
liberty won with so much heroism and
so much genius, has not found in Europe
... . . V .
a conscience to shelter it, a yoi to
avenge it, a people to defend it against
that atheism which has been called glory.
AH ended in a soldier and some apostate
republicans, travestied to courtiers. An
atheistic republicanism cannot be heroic.
When you terrify it, it bends ; when
you buy it, it sells itself. Who would
take any heed? the people ungrateful
and God non-existent ! So finish atheist
revolutions ! Lamartine.
Mr. Patterson an editor of a newspaper. I,way8 taken upon themBelves to th;nk
ixc mulu u uuu.-mpi u mr. it., for u8j tQ,believe for us, and to pray for
who was very much pleased with it, and ns ? Isit because we are . . .
borrowed it for perusal. He retained it a military a t nation led
for a long time and informed Mr. S. that by kings, heroes, ambitious men, from
if he would wake ?t title page and battle field to battle fidJ making CQn
preface, he would publish it and it might qnest3 and never teep;ng them
o a source o, pronu inis air. ret used ;ng) charming and corrupt!ng E
to do for reasons which I cannot now Lnd bril)!rinff homft mannppa .
state. Sidney fiigdon, who figured so bravery lightne88 and im?et7 o(
largely m the history of the Mormons, camp to the fireside of the people ?
M luc umC uonuccieu wnn me prim- j knpw not, but certain it is that the
ing office of Mr. Patterson, as is well nation has an immense progress to make
known in that region, and. as Eigdonhim- in 8eriou3 thought, if she wishes to re
self has frequently stated. Here lie had ma;n free. If we look at the characters
UgJJ.-aat to continued the experiment, as
iln&''lt&- Mna'3 of giddiness which it produ
tim- waa 0 " strong and decided.
rSiV " 111 waS0B with a large and
CIT
$$,fj ai:J 1 at our encampment ; and,
1 for "r'
BOOK OF MORMON OR GOLD
EN BIBLE.
As this book has xcited much atten
tion and has teen put by a certain new
sect, in the place of the Sacred Script,
ure, X deem it a duty which I owe to
the public, to state what I know touchi
its origin.
Kev. bolomon Spaulding, to whom I
was united in early life, was a graduate
ample opportunity to become acquainted
wjth S.'s manuscript and to copy it if he
chose. It was a matter of notoriety and
interest to all who were connected with
the printing establishment. At length
the manuscript was returned to its author
and soon after we removed to Amity,
Washington County, Pa., where Mr. S.
deceased in 1818. The manuscript then
fell into lay hands and was carefully
preserved. It has frequently been ex
amined by my daughter, Mrs. McKen
stry, of Monson, Mass., with whom I
now reside, and by other friends. After
the ? Book of Mormon" cama out, a
copy of it was taken to New Salem, the
place of Mr. Spaulding's former resid
ence, and the very place where the " Ma
nuscript found" was written. A woman
preacher appointed a meeting there, and
in the meeting read and repeated copious
extracts from the " Book of Mormon."
The historical part was immediately re
cognized by all the older inhabitants, as
the identical work of Mr. S. in wlJch
they had been so, deeply interested years
ago. Mr. John Spaulding was present,
who it an eminently pious man and re
cognized perfectly the work of his brother.
He was amazed and afflicted, that it
should have been perverted to so wicked
a purpose. Wis cricf found vent in a
flood of tears and he arose , $n the spot
and expressed in the meeting his deep
sorrow and regret, that the writings of
his sainted brother should be used for t
purpose so vile and shocking. The ex
citement in New Salem became bo great,
that the inhabitant held a meeting and
compared as regards religious sentiment,
of the great nations of Europe, America,
or even Asia, the advantage is not for
us. The great men of other countries
live and die looking at the spectator, or
at most, at posterity.
Open the historyof America, the his
tory of France, read the great lives, the
great deaths, Ihe great martyrdoms, the
great words at the hour when the ruling
thought of life reveals itself in the last
words of the dying, and compare.
Washington and Franklin fought, suf
fered and ascended and descended, in
their political life, always in the name of
God, for whom they acted ; and the
great liberator of America, died confid
ing to God the liberty of the people and
his own soul,
Sidney, the ycung martyr of patriot
ism, guilty of nothing but impatience,
and who died to expatiate his country's
dream of liberty, said to' his jailor I
rejoice that I die innocent toward the
king, but a victim, resigned to the King
on high, to whom all my life is due."
The republicans of Cromwell's day
sought the way of God, even in the
blood of battles. Their policies were
their faith their reign a prayer their
death a pfisJm. One hepre, sees, feels
that God was in all the movements of
these great people.
But cross the sea, traverse 1a Mancha,
come to our times, open our annals, and
listen to the last wordi of the great poli
ttcal actors of the drama of our liberty.
One would think that God was eclired
From the New York Picayune.
IMPORTANT POLITICAL
ITEMS.
From ihe Daily Typhoon (Republican.)
On the evening of Monday last a Re
publican banner was raised in West re-
kin, N. Y., amid the cheers of a large
assemblage ! In the morning the ban
ner was stili, tiiebe!! This is I
gppd cmen for the future.
A correspondent from Turkey Hollow
sends us the following : " out of twenty
mules in this village, fourteen are named
Jack, and only four Jim, while none are
known as Millard."
The accounts from nil quarters arc
very cheering. A correspondent f"9'u
South Van Winkleberg says that a gen
tleman of that city, who has always voted
the Democratic ticket hitherto, named a
pointer pup (which he had just bought)
Fremont. This exhibits the sort of feel
ing which pervades the whole country
The Revolution has begun.
From the Daily Blues (Buchanan.')
On every hand there are cheerful evi
dences of the approaching euccesi of
Democratic principles.
Last Monday a little boy wa observed
tossing up a chip and attentively exam
ining it. On being approached by our
reporter, it was discovered that ho had
written on one side Buck end Brcck and,
on the other side Fillmore and DoneUon,
and Fremont and Dayton. The Buck
and Breck came uppermost three time
out of five. This, too, waa in the Ninth
Werd tha stronghold of the opposition.
and wbre all the chirm have hitherto
been strongly Republican.
The hue water-cresses ia the garden of
a very respectable gentleman living in the
suburbs of this city came up in the form
of two B'. No one about the houw
knoB any tiling aWit the matter, and it
is regarded by all as a prognostic of the
election of " Buck and Breck." The in
siiiuation that the cUct by sowed the
seed in this form U rejected with K orti
by the father.
JFVtm the livening Paul Pry (Know-tiAhing,)
Moat gratifying account arc pouriiig
principles and the popularity of our can
didates. In Hard Scrablc there is one
paper the Hard Scrahbln WttVy Cou
rier (circulation 70 1-2) which is Fill
more to the bone. There is neither a
Buchanan nor a Fremont paper pulhed
in the place, which contains two hundred
inhabitant. This shows the cour.e ol
the political current.
A gentleman in Brooklyn yesterday
scratched the names of Fillmore and
Donelson on a piece of gingerbread, and
then on a piece of bread and butter he
put Fremont. He offered the two toliiw
son, a child of only 'x years of nge,
which took the gingerbread, and rejected
the Fremont bread and butter.
LONDON F.DJrOHS ON k ANKKE roHTICS.
The London Mtrrning Advertiser al
ludes to Fremont as a Know-Nothing !
The u Tizer," as that journal is affection
ately termed by its friends and support
ers, exhibits in this a knowledge of Amer
ican potties far superior to that of any of
its English, or even American cotcinpo
rarics. Yet the "Tizer" make9 a small
mistake, which we can not account for
except on the supposition that its long
advocacy of the interests of the inn-keep
ers of England lias incapacitated it for
taking in any thing not even a fact-
except in an 'arf an 'arf manner. The
mistake of the " Tizer" is in the ncme,
and, in order that its readers may be
thoroughly posted in regard to our ioli-
ties, we have prepared a short editorial
expressly for its colums, as follows, for
which we will charge it nothing at all
American roi.rrics. itere are
three political parties -in the United States
the Old Hunker Woolly Heads, the
Hard-Shell Abolitionists, and the Silver
Gray Soft-Shells. The candidates of
these respective parties for the Presiden
cy are Fillmont, Frechanan, and Buck
more, ihe V ice-f residential nomina
tions are Doncnridge, Daytelson, and
Breckton. The Fillmont and Donenridge
party are opposed to the extension of
slavery South of Dason & Mixoifg line,
and are likewise ardent champions of the
Tariff principles of Harry Webster iind
Daniel Clay, two statesmen still held in
grateful remembrance in the States.
The Frechanan and Daytelson men wish
to have the seat of government removed
to Kansas, where Horace Greeley resides J
while the Buckmore and Breckton party
advocate the election of foreigners only
to office. (This is supjwscd to be because
offices-have been lauHy so amn-li disgraced
by the conduct of those occupying them,
that they wish to keep natives offt of it.)
There is a fourth party whose nominee
appears to be one Mr. Jessie, but our ad
vices from America do not give us a
clear idea of the principles which he rep-
sents. To judge from the little that
we have gleaned we should judge he was
Southern Rights Barnburner. 1 Iowever,
no matter what tut u affairs may tike, the
Americans will be sure to have a Presi
dent!"
The Dangers of the Country-
Nullification of the Constitu
tion in Fifteen States.
During our long experience in the dis-
cus.-ion of public nliairs there have been
severed crises of danger to the institutium
of the country, of which we have not lies
i tuted to warn the American people, with
out reference to men, to cliques, partie
or sections. But since the origin of tliis
government tncre never iiuSucen a crisu
of such open, widely extended, and fla
grant defiance of the rights of a free peo
ple, guaranteed by the federal constitu
tion, as the crin'u that is now iimii us
Not only in the Territory of Kansas is
free speech, free opinion, and freedom of
the press trampled under foot, but in fif
teen States of the Union those " iiiblienii-
ble rights" of the conMittition are uj!
pressed by the despotism of an irrcspoii-
ctldo t,iib.
Practical cullifiouien r.uliifie&tion of
the constitution of the United Stat'
exisU, we ay, in the barbarous, demotic
and danjrerious form, in fifteen States of
this Union. The fundamental principles
of American liberty, upon which lie at
the foundation) of our popular inttitut
lion, have no real existence now, except
in the sixteen Northern State of t!s
confederacy. In the South tho constitu
ticn u a dead letter it u ractkaUy ex
tinct it baa been urpereded l.y a des
potic pi'mH2! over the juillic pr- and
the privivte individual, ft stealthy, ciuni-
pretot and deadly a tbtU cf the Coun-j.
of Terror has arisen in our Southern
States the terror of the mol compared
with which the well-defined limitations
of popular privileges, even in Russia, are
better adapted to the security of "life,
liberty, and tho pursuit of happiness."
Within a few months p:it wo have
had a number of striking illustrations of
the prevalence and virulence of this su
preme law of the mob throughout the
South. Tho savage assault by Bully
Brooks, of South Carolina, upon Mr.
Sumner, in the Senate chamber, and tho
lion which tho Southern democratic oli
garchy have made of their hero of that
frightful spectacle, indicate, in the outset,
a condition of ,4le Southern povenui
sentiment deplorably demoralized. Such
a condition of the public mind can only
exist where constitutions and laws have
ceased to be morally binding, and whero
irutal terroriMn is the older of the day.
In rapid succession, after this bloody
scene in the Senate' we have had a bru
tal dispersion of popular meetings at
V heeling, a., Baltimore, Md., and va
rious other places in tho Southern States ;
the lawless expatriation of Southern citi
zens from their homes and their families,
for tho astounding crime of speakihg
ttieir own opinions upon the poliltical
questions of the day, and sn interdict a
pertcct Chinese law ot exclusion estab
lished throughout the South, in defiance
of the constitution, against all Northern
men, uspecled even, of doubting the in-
fallable blessing of Southern Slavery.
The latest Southern outrages attempted,
in this connection, have not been limited
to Northern invaders of Southern terri
tory. They have been addressed to
Southern born men, and by tho leading
organs of the Democratic Jacobin Club
in the capital of Virginia. Mr. Botts
a native born and distinguished citizen of
irgnuii ventured, the other day, to ut
ter the opinion in Richmond, that the
South would submit to the election cf
Fremont and remain in the Union; and
for this audacious deelaraetion the demo
cratic journals of that city have left no
stone unturned in order to strip up a
democratic Governor or a demoeiatic
Mob to the forcible expulsion of Mr.
15otts from the Slate. A man cf less in
fluence in Uie shoes of Mr. Bolts, and
with fewer friends at his back, would
probably have been tarred and feathered
before sundown ; for a similar offence a
imilar attempt to call into force the
invisible powers of the democratic mob
which now governs the South, was tried
against the Hon. Henry Winter Davis a
prominent ana promising member of
Congress from Maryland. The demo
cratic Richmond Enq-iir-.r is horrified at
the temerity of Mr. Davis, and sugges
tively says that tho opponents of Mr.
Buchanan will very likely next aunouncc
tfio appointment of Mr. Burlingame to
peak to the people of Richmond. Mr.
Burlingame is the gentleman who cut tho
omb of Bully Brooks; butt let him iiy)
snow ins lace 111 UiclunoiuI,il he desires to
escape the vengenco of the Virginia Bu
chanan democracy with a whole skin.
And such is the existing supreme law
of the South! the law of, practical uulli-
lication: the law ot a democratic jacob
in club ! tho law of brute force ! tho
law of spies, informers, outlaws and as
sassins! tho law of a general and ic-
morselcf terrorism '
In fifteen States f the Union ive of
:he North are thus d.-nied the liberty of
speech, the liberty of opinion, and even
those social privileges whieh barbarians
concede to strangers, ua ri.itiir from the
universal rights ol hospitality. We dura
say that in 110 region of tW civilized
world, during the present century, has
there been a purullel 10 uiiiic-poiiriiiJ.;,
lawless and invisible dei-potim which
now lord it over the South. It is, ncv--erthcless,
infamous, from the fact that it
has been generally overlooked, in view
of the bloody Cf;npiratv at work to mako
Kansas a tlave Slate through the same
savage law of brute, force.
And where lies the responability for
this frightful ktate of thing? It reels
with this wretched democratic Pierce
admini-tralion, wiiji its disunion mana
gers, with the party, mid the candidate
pledged to perpetuate i: poliey. It rests,
first, with that plotting and deliberate sc
cCMiorii;t, Jerler-on Davis, the Mephis
topliile of the whole conspiracy, and
with Atchison of Missouri, and poor
Pierce, and Lis active confederate ; sec
ondly, with tho Cincinnati Convention
and the duinoenitii: Senate at Washing-,
ton; nnii thir'llv, with .Mr. I jlhnore and
Mr. Buciunui, and their traitorous re
eointncndaiion to the South of a disso
lution of the Union should Fremont be
elected. Thii it is that the democratic
Southern jacobin have been cneountged,
not only to threaten disunion liould ibey
fail to retain the ijMiils and their pjwer
in the government, but practically to d
cedo from the Union in advance ; Lecauw,
with the coiihlitiilioii the test, the fif
teen Southern State are already out of
the Union, tij the Union is practically
reduced to kixlecn tites of the North.
Where, then, t the remedy ? Net in
tho tlec.ion of Buchanan 5 f r ia ' the
hand of Davis, Atchiaoti and that sece
ioii crew, he will be K as cly iu the
hand cf the p. ttcr ; not in voting for Mr.
r tlhuore, fur he s but the lighter attend-
f(9 1 it rv tr ft dim t. itiA tn1d
cd of Tea of m ii,t emee, an. iidl-i iitf(s!y u h u tUctioQ of Kreniontf
idtely mere odious than the existing ewi- j who U I'm only candidate for restoring
(orhini, either of France, Aus-ina, Italy thj ccnttitiition ai'I tho U to Kama,
or KtiMia. .Among tbe liUmui w . w v ...
among the dcpoU of Europe thin may
read hko an estravajjact exageratum ;
Union. The fifteen Southern State,
practically, are now out of the Union.
Let u elect Frmot.t nd bring them
hack into t! fu.!v .". T. iltruld.
from the oul, that his name wa ua iu upon us f the jvogre. of American and yet it U the tlwphj truth. A rti'O
m
J'

xml | txt