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NBEPENDHNT A. A. EARLE, PUBLISHER.! ZN" o 11 o X o O o -m, Tp o xrs. ioo w ltla. Slavory. - r . . .. - . ' TERMS, 81,25 IX ADVANCE. VOLUME 1. lEASBURGII, niOXT, FlijDAY, OCTOBER 17, 185(5. NUMBER 41. Ciierarri Sections. THE DESERTER. BT STXYAMTS COBB, JE. "Whii8 I was stopping at Port Malion, a circuoistanee happened there which is worth relating. A friend, named Collins, was with me at dinner one afternoon. It was ia the summer of 1643, and towards the latter part of the month of August, if sssj memory serves me rightly. At any rate ne grape ere ripening auo f rf work The prLi0nep ooked UD company, marched up close to tin: place of execution. I now had an opportunity to see the face of the prisoner. It was sad and gloomy, but ever and anon, as some movement occurred near him, he would start with a sudden energy, which I thought indicated some hope. He would look quickly about him see the cause of the noise, and then sink back with an expression of agonizing disappointment. At length the colonel rode up and waved his sword towards the poor ser geant who had been appointed to conduct -we ba-i soiae noble ones upon our table. As we arose from the board our hosf asked us if we were going up to the bar racks. We informed him that we had made no arrangement of that kind, and and saw the colonel, and with a frantic movement he rushed towards him. " Senor colonel," he cried, sinking upon his knees. " I am not guilty ! I never belonged to your regiment ! I am ( A - - there was a movement near the centre ti and in a ?w moraeuts more I was aslfffl the long line of men, ana m a momcrs fagam. t T" more a soldier broke through, and rushed to the spot where the condemn was bound. : V u Hold !" he shouted, as he aehed the spot, placing himself between thetfust I was on the point of going out. Hien the host called me back. " Look ye, senor, he said in an eager, prisoner and the executioners. fa You would kill an. Innocent man ! I am'the deserter, as you think -r Iok at me I" All was cQntVikui ! for ftfwmoments ; but the officers His .H3a3X5ed3d in restor- . -v ..v, ;,' ing order, -.-SfeV "It is!Iti Such, and various other exclamations fell from the lips of those who stood around. As soon as I could gain a view of the face of the new comer, I found that he so nearly resembled the prisoner ; that I should not have dared to venture even an assertion upon the identity of same form, and the same feature. In truth the one was exact counterpart of the other. The colonel leaped from his saddle and The fellow would have spoken, but the j he said : colonel waved his hand impatiently, and j " By our lady, but this is most strange. the prisoner was led awav. i Sergeant what think vou of it Y" " That has been his plea ever sinte they brought him back," explained Old Joe to me, as they led the condemned man towards the stake- " He swears he was never i:i the army before that he never had a musket in his hand and he pretends not to know any of his old com panions. When they call him byname he makes strange of it, and tells 'em he never saw 'em before." Why, that is a curious plea,' said I, u for a man to make, who you say has been two years in the service. ' " Very curious," returned the host, with a shake of the heal which seemed to leave room for doubt concerning his meaning. But we conserved no more, for our at tention was now turned to the prisoner. The rough coffin had been placed against ! the stake, and the condemned caused to kneel thereon. The priest now ap- preached him, and knelt at his side. My son, remember the fate of those a-ea turn it mere was to oe any unuuai not a ; God knowg j never wore parade. , . , , ! a uniform before !" 14 Wbr, yes. he answered, witlituat' . , , , , ,. ' J . , . , , , , Away with him ! cried the colonel, peculiar Dazonian shru? or the should-1 ... . , , , , . i impatiently, era and twist of the features, - there n ,,-... " .. .., . , , , , , iu you not listen ! the poor fel to be something that we have not had be-1 , . , , , , . L , , , j low urged, louder than before. fa IS ever, lore for more than a year. A deserter i ' I never, r.ever was I a soldier I is to oe snou . t. c back ordercj the officer I hastened to the spot. Collins was u up and dressed ma', , , , , t -ni -i- r c i i ' j to the sergeant who had come up. And 1 I am rhihp Cervera, benor colonel, twinkling for going, but I had little in-; ,,,,,,, . , , l.i, i . . . .,-,t J then he added to the prisoner, after the tae new comer cried out fa Do you not duration that wav. Onlv about a month i , . , . 1 ' . " , iSenreaat had raised him up: " hy do i recognize me t beiore, I Ial scea three edouin Araosj . . 1 f , . - , , , . . you sail persist m tehing such a wills ul I I he commandant gazed first upon him decapitated at Tripoli lor the crime of i . ' f ? 1 r , , , . j talsehood t i and then upon the prisoner, and at lecjrth more blood shed after such fashions, and so I told miue host, whom we always called Oisl Joe and that was the only name I ever knew him to possess. I suppose now you would rather see tliat deserter escape, than not, eh 'f said Joe, looktBg me in the face sliarply. " If his oaly crime is desertion, of course I should," said I. 1 WelL that is his only crime ; and more still Vis mother used to live over towards Atalay a, on the southern coast,! and was sick. Philip wished to see her, and th-y would not 1st him go, so he made bis escape. This he has done three times, and now he has been tried and condemned to be shot. The last time they look liim, they found hitrf-by his mother's bed. He had thrown oii'i his miiitary garb, and had in its stead assumed the dress of a common peas ant." R It's rather Lard to shoot a man for uch a thing," said I. "Ay," returned Joe, with the old s-hrug, " I know it ; but suppose soldiers . v When j-e went down in the morning. wd found aid Joe alone. I asked him where Joseph Cervera was, but he only shook his head in answer. After break- earnest tone " you know so much al ready that 1 shall feel safer to confess to yon the whole, for were you tell one word of what you-Lave seen here, it might ruin me. You- will be secret. You know the young men, and you can not wish them harm." I promised, and he proceeded. " The mother of those two young men the largo draughts of tea which accom panied it. I was anxious to send our small boat, the Eric, across to the lummo hillofAppah, where 1 knew from the Esquimaux we should find plenty of birds ; On the 3d of July the wind bepaa to moderate, though the snow still fell heav ily I and the next morning, after a patri otic egg-nog, the liquor borrowed grud gingly from ouralcoliol-thvk, and diluted was my sister. She died over a week "oe, tasing upon u.e tongue ot ice aooui ago. Philip was iu the army and Joseph j a nnle to the north of us, began 4o swing was at home. They were twins, as you ! UI it l&e a pivot and close slowly ia either. They were of the same size, the were told last night. Philip wislied to we lowered our boats, and bade a grate ful farewell to Weary Man' ltet," We rowed to the southeast end of Wos teuholme Ilaud; but the tide left us there, and we moved to the ice-foot. but the strength of the party was unsnfll- j till it was worthy of temperance praise- cient to drag her. We were sa sorely di.-heartfined, and could only wait for the fg to rise, in the hope of some smoother platform than that which was about us, or soma lead j that might save us the painful labor of tracking. I had climbed the iceberg; and there was nothing in view except Dalrymple Iiotk, with its red brassy face towering in the unknown ditancc. But I hardly got back t3 my boat, before a gale struck us from the Northwest, and a eoalcfbe their own judges of when they j wlQ dfe a l;e upoa might leave why, we shouldn't have a soldier in a month, you see, they must stick np to the rules,' and so poor Philip Cervera must be shot. But I suppose that you would like to have him escape." I assured the host that I should. He gazed very carefully about the room, and then stepping close up to my side, he baid, ia a tone almost reduced to a whisper. " Then come op to the parade ground. Just come up and see that what you can see. Come, I knew from the man's manner that somethLt; out of the ordinary coarse of such events was going to hapien, and I told Collins I would go with him. The Lost was soon ready, and we accompanied him lo the . barracks. They are at the upper end of the town, at the Place d' Armes, the LaHdings forming one bound of the wide enclosure, while the other side are bounded by a higli, thick wall. As soon as we reached the place, we found the regiment to which the deserter belonged furrairsg. Joe pointed out to us the spot where the execution was to take place, and thither we bent our steps. This sptt was close by the high wall upon the east side of the enclosure. A stake was driven firmly into the ground within a few feet of the wall, and a half-dozen sjLIier3 siiL a corporal were on the spot to guard the premises. Ere long the regiment was ready ; the bail J .'truck Bp a mournful dirge, and the procession, commenced to move. First rode the cScers of the staff, then came the baL arid then most of the regiment following. Behind these came the 6ix men who w?re to shoot the deserter, and next catae the deserter himself. He walked between two sergent3, with his bead bowed and Lis arms pinioned be Liad Lira. Follow it g Lira were four men bearing a rough coffin ; and last of all caste the company to which the de eerier belonged- It was a mournful scene. The soldiers walked with slow and liieasured tread, and even the very Lorsci t-c-i aed to have imbibed the sad spirit of ilm tcasion. menced the fat churchman. " Ere you die, let us have the truth. Why did you desert your post ?" " I did not," persisted the youth ; but his tone wa3 lower now, and there was a shade of hesitation. " I will not urge you," the priest re sumed, u for of course you know ; but still your assertion is strange and unac countable. Your companions all know ou your officers swear to your identity, and I recognize you as one who has been often with me in our church with your company." TLe colonel had drawn near, and he listened attentively to the words which now passed between the condemned and his spiritual director. The latter nrged the youth several times more to make a full confession, but the same assertion was persisted in. The colonel shook his head and turned awav, and in a moment more the six soldiers who held the loaded muikeU approached the spot. They trembled some, but their step was firm, like men who have resolved to perform a terrible duty unflinchingly. The priest asked no more questions. The prisoner Lad made Lis confession, and it remained only for the holy father to pray, which he did quickly and meth odically. The sergeant, holding a watch in Lis left hand, and a heavy pUtol in Lb right, now approached and directed that the prisoner should be blind folded. The bandage was passed over Lis eyes, and then secured to the stake so that he should not dodge his head. At this "Why, sir," returned the man thus addressed," I don't know. I think I should have to take their own word for it." "You are right, sergeant. At any rate, you may unbind the prisoner." The youth was unbound, and then the two were caused to stand up together. The new comer had on the very clothes in which Phillip Lad deserted, and when some of Lis companions were called up, they readily swore that he was the man. Some were sure that he was the man, while others could not decide between the two ; but not one now swore to the identity of the prisoner. The colonel reflected upon this a few moments, and then ordered both the men to be conducted to the barracks. Collin3 and myself accompanied our host back to his Louse. We tried to pet him into conversation on the way but he was moody and silent, sometimes answer ing in monosyllables, but entering into no conversation. It was 'after dark, and Collins, the host, and myself were playing a game of bil liards, when the door was opened, and in walked one of the men whom we Lad seen at the Place d'Anns ; either the deserter or the other one, and I could not tell which. He sprang forward and caught old Joe's Land. I'm free V he cried. "And where is Jo a Philip? Where is Philip ? the host asked. " Locked up in the guard house. They would have shot him to-d y. but he claim ed a trial, for he assured them that he could prove that he was carried away azainst Lis will." upon our narrow resting-place, At first our own floe also was driven before the wind ; but in a little while it encountered the stationary ice at the foot of the very rock itself. On the instant the wilder imaginable ruin arose around us. The men sprang mechanically each one to Lis station, bearing Lack the boats and stores ; but I gave up for the moment all hope of our escape. It was not a nip, such as is familiar to Arctic navigators; but the whole platform, where we stood and for hundreds of yards on every side of us, crumbled and crushed and piled and tossed itself madly under the pres sure. I do not believe that of our little bodv of men, all of them disciplined in trials, able to measure danger while com batting it, I do not believe there is one who this day can explain Low or why hardly when, in fact we found ourselves afloat. We only know that in the midst of a clamor utterly indescribable, through which the braying of a thousand trumpets could no more have been heard than the voice of a man, we were shaken and raised and whirled and let down again in a" swelling waste of broken hammocks, and, as the men grasped their boathooks in the stillness that followed, the boats be with his mother when she died it was almost a monomania with him but this could not be allowed. So he ran away. He was brought back, and ran away again. And this he did the third time. That was Philip whom we first saw at the stake! He had arranged with Lis brother for escape. Joseph was to prepare himself with all the necessary instruments for freeing himself from Lis shackles, and for cutting Lis way from prison. He knew just where Le would be confined, and consequently Le knew what he would need to help him in es cape. With these tools concealed about him, he came, as you saw, to take his brother's place. He is a bold, dauntless, reckless man, when only self or the safety of a friend is concerned, and I believe1 he would succeed. Y'ou know how Philip was released, aud how Lis innocent brother was accepted in his place. Ha, ha, La, they let the deserter go, and took an eel m his place. Joseph had his iron off within Laif an Lour after dark, and in an Lour more he had two of the iron bars removed from the window, at ten o'clock Le crawled out ; let Lira self drop upon the ground and then scaled the wall. He came immediately! eddied away in a tumultuous fckreed of w And when will t'ney try Lim ?" u To-morrow." The host now came forward, and in troduced the man to us as Joseph Cerv era, and also informed us that he was the one we had seen bound to the stake. We found the young man to be intelligent and well versed in conversation ; and from him we learned that the man who V 1 ;t rf . m it i ,' ifiro l.tm 11 a ,Xa 4'trt brother. We afked Lim several ques-j lions about the desertion, but he gave us indirect answers and the subject was dropped. He only informed us that as soon as his brother had sworn that he was Philip Cervera, and announced that Le was ready to stand the trial, that Le Lim self Lad been set at liberty. It was about ten o'clock when Colling and I retired, and it was sometime ere we fell asleep. How long I had slq.t I juncture I aked mine Lest if they only (cannot tell, but it must Lave been past had six men to fire. He informed me that wa3 all they ever employed for shooting a deserter. Three of the guns midnight, Len I wa awakened by hearing voices below. I listened, and could plainly distinguish the voice of our were loaded with balls, and three with j host, though I could not hear what was blank cartridges ; and when they fired ' said. In a few momenta more Le came they moved ttp and placed the muzzles j up and entered our room. He noticed of their pieces to within two feet of the ' that I was awake, and a-ked me if we condemned man's Lead. would lend Lim oar hats and cloaks a The priest Lad arisen and moved back, little while without asking any questions and the colonel Lad ordered the sergeant : I told Lim yes, though I must say that I to proceed. broke the promise on the very next mo- " God Lave mercy 1" ottered the en-; ment by asking Lim wliat be was up to. Lappy youth. Until thig moment Lis ! He shook Lis head and said terhars he . it , . . . . lie procession marcea wnojy arouna , wnoie trame had been nerved up to aa would tell me sometime. tteplaea, and as they approached the? anxious listening attitude, but now Lis In fifteen minute after this, I heard pot fi;re we stood, the staff and band ; muscles reiaxcd, and with a deep groan some one eo out of the back war. and Le gave himself ap to hl fkte. j aIj wsti etUL j remalnfed awake TLe sergeant Lad spoken live word j nearly an Lour after tL!s,butt;ar4 notb " Beady- tut before Le could proceed mg I00re. The cVjck bw wrack to, here, and I nt once called Ins brother. and Lelped prepare for making a final clearance. Your Lats and cloaks served to Lelp them by the sentinels, and ere I left them I saw them on board a felucca, below Georgetown bound for Toulon. They are out of sight of land long ere this. Now you know all ; and I know I may trust you." Hardly Lad he ceased speaking when six soldiers entered the bar room. The I deserter Philip Cervera had escaped ! Had he seen anything of him? No. And the soldiers went away. When I went out I found soldiers moving in all directions, and many times I heard the same question repeated which Lad been asked at Old Joe's. But the deserter wa3 not found. Search was also made for the one who had come so near being shot on the day before, but they could find Lim no more readily than they did the other. Xot long since, a friend informed me that Old Joe was dead. He was a good landlord, and a good man, and I am fcure now that the publication of this cannot harm him. even should the story ever reach the ears of those who so curiously lost the real deserter. EXTRACT FROM DR. KANE'S "ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS We were close upon the 1st of July, ana naa a right to took tor tne ortn wa ter of the whalers where we now Lad solid ice or close pack, both of them al most equally unfavorable to our progress. Far off in the distance how fur I could not measure rose the Dalrymple Hock, projecting from the lofty precipice of the Island ahead ; but between us and it the land-ice spread itself from the bae of Saunder's Island unbroken to the Far South. The next day' progress wa3 of course slow and wearisome, pushing through al ternate ice and water for the Ltnd-belt. We fastened at Lust to the great floe near the shore, making our harbor in the crack which opened with the change of tide. TLe imperfect diet of tLe .arty waa showing itself more and more in the de cline of their muscular power. They seemed scarcely aare of it themselves, and referred the difficulty they found in dragging and pushing to something un common about the ice or tledge rather than to their own weaknea. But, w we endeavored to renew our labor through the morning fog, belted in all iid by ice fields o distorted and rugged as to dt-fy ice and snow and wator. We were borne along in this manner as long as the unbroken remnant of the in-shore floe continued revolving, utter ly powerless, and catching a glimpse eve ry now and then of the brazen headland that looked down on us through the snowy sky. At la.-t the floe brought against the rocks, the looser fragments that Lung round it bean to seperate. and we were able by oars and boat-Looks to force our battered little flotilla clear of them. To our joyful surprise, we soon found ourselves in a stretch of the land- water wide enough to give us rowing- room, and with the assured promi?e of land close ahead. as we neared it, we saw the Fame forbid ding wall of belt-ice aa at Southerland and Hakluyt. We pulled alonjj its mar gin, seeking in v ain either an opening of access or a nook of shelter. The gale rose, and the ice began to drive again ; but there was nothing to be done but get a grapnel out to the belt and hold on for the rising tide. The Hope stove her lwttoni aud lot part of her weather-boarding, and all the boats were badly chafed It was an awful storm; and it was not without constant exertion that we kept afloat, baling out the scud that broke over us, and warding of!" the ice with boat-hooks. At three o'clock the tide wa high enough for us to scale the ice-cliff. One by one we pulled up the boats upon a narrow tLelf, the wliota sixteen of us nuiting at each pull. We were too much worn down to uiiloal : but a d-n and narrow gorge opened in the cliffs almost at the spot where we clambered up ; and, as we pu.-hed the boats into it on an even keel, the rock seemed to close above our head, until an abrupt turn in the ravine placed a protecting cliff between us and the gale. We were cornpl?t-!y enroved. Just as we Lad broiigbt in tlte lat boat, tLe Qed Eric, and were horing her up with blrx'kt of i-t a long unused but fa miliar and uTiutiUikah!fl nound ttaitkd and gladdened every ear, and a ftock of eider fiedting the ky for a moment. passed swiftly in front of u. We knew that we vumt I at tbir breeding ground ; and, a we turned in wet and hungry to our long coveted fclecp, it wa only to ir'tum of egg and abundance. We remained almott thre day in our THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA. BeoiJcs the countless varietic f( the focus, the bottom of the sea is overgrown with the curled, deep purple leaves of the sea lettuce, with large porous lichens, and many branched, hollow algae, full of life end motion in their rosy bladders, tLickly set with ever moving tiny arms. These plants from submariue forests. j growing one into another, in apparently lawless order: here interlacing their branches, there forming bowers and long avenues ; at one time thriving abundantly, till the thicket 6eems impenetrable ; then again leaving large openings between wold and wold, where smaller plants form a beautiful pink turf. There a thousand hues and tinges shine and glit ter in each changing light. In the in dulgence of their luxuries growth, the fuci especially seem to gratify every whim and freak. Creeping clo- to the ground, or sending long stretched arms, crowned with waving plumes, up to the lesser light to heaven, they form palo sea groves, where there is neither moon or star; or risen up nearer to the surface, to be transendently rich and gorgeous in brightest green, gold and purple. And, through this dream-like seene!Jplaying in all colors of the rainbow, and deep under the hollow, briny ocean, they sail and chase each other merrily, gaily painted mollusces, and bright shining firLes SnaiLs of every shape creep slowly along the streams, while Luge, gray-Laired seals Lang with their enormous tu.ks on large tall trees. There is the gigantic Dugong, the siren of the ancients, the side Ion z shark with Lis laden eye, the thick-Inured tea leopard, and the sliejgn.h turtle. iAoK now iiiese strange, lii-stmpen forms, which ever keep their dreamless sleep far down in the gloomy deep, stir themselves from time to time ! See how they drive each other from their rich pas tures, Low they seem to awaken in storms, rising like islands from beneath, and snorting through the angry spray ! Perhaps they graze peacefully in the un broken cool of the ocean's deep bed, when lo! n hungry shark comes slyly, silently around that grove ; its glasy eyes shine ghost-like with a yellow sheen, and. seek there prey. The sea-dog first becomes aware of Lis dreaded enemy, and seeks refuge in the thickest recesses of the fu cus forest. In an instant the whole scene change. The oyster closes its shell with a clap, and throws itself into the tlcep be!w ; the turtle conceals Lead and feet under her impenetrable armour, aud sinks slowly downward; the playful little fi.ih disappear in tho branches of the marocystis ; lobsters Lido under the thick, elumily-slmpen roots, and tha young walrus alone turns boldly round, and faces the intruder with Lis rharp-poiuted teeth. The shark seeks to gain Li un protected side. The battle coramen;cs ; both seek tLe forest ; lh';ir fins bec jme entangled in the closely interwoven branches; at List the more agile dark succeeds in wounding his aderary'i side. Deepuring of life, the bleeding walrus tries to conceal Lis last agony in the wood 4, but, blinded by pain and blood, he fastens himself among the braneh;, and soon fatl an -a-y prey to t!i tdtark, who greedily devour him. bucktdidon Methrd'is. Wher are they urethritis ? All a all fuuu one nuther. besides thyre awl lynked and twL-ted and cunnivin together tryin tew upsett us,Bt thanks mi deer brethring, theyve not got us yit. No, deer brethring tht yro not abel. Let em ripp wiih tlieir hell fiie faith ashurauce and hi shooled rly pun. Leteui fling itscir wooden thunder bolts at us 1 We'r'o the primetivs. Yes mi brethring, we the hard shells as'thay calls ui, Lav s'ood Uie shock of their fiery slang and stand as long as the iron whelo ov tyme kontinuts tew role onu in the world. But mi deer brethring, uow cuius the orful pitnt in ower wibjeck Ha that aether not with u icratchrs a loaj cL'' Mark, mi deer brethiug, the latter claws, scratches a board. I understand bi this mi deer brethring, that he that is not with us and dus not gelher iutew ower liock, nether lays Laid ov the pik ax and dig- that thar m.t be a abundent harvi-t gethered untew the Lord. Yes, them dumagogs snekin ani hulkiu and skulkin about like a old red fox in a ben house, trying tew win the eXecshuns of a shankhi ehikkin, tha wil be dumed to seralch a board thru all Hurnetv. less na deer brcthrinjr, merthinks I se that tender liugeid l'l ibetai iiui whu wus cauld ou tew eiurnety a fue vcr ago, tcratchut a lounf, aud luetliinks I se upon Lis rite a Lac slidej skrachin his board, and upon his left the pore Mis shuniiary liaptyst wbu had bin sent tew kollige and got a fine tduca.-hun, Le tew is skrachin a board, and wil Lav tew skrach aud skrach thru all eturnety. And thars that jore shier he never saut the salvashiin of his sole. Methinks I se him ungulted iu thesuiiurick flame of an orful hell, thar ho is a weniu, wal- in, niashin Lis teeth and skrachin a board." O, siner tern, , dont ver tern ? Now is the tyme, for when yer stan be four the Judgment bar, yu wil hear that orful dome pronow uced tigint yu, " De- parte yea kusscM mtew the dizrnul pyt and skrach a board." And thar vu wil haft tew skrach aud skrach and skrach harder than ever a gra hound skratcLed a rabbett from Lis den. But, ah, ml dicing frend, ah, it wil not be a saft pine bord yu wil haft tu skrach, ah. No, no, ah, it M il be ruf snarly crossen graned, tuf oke Lord, ah. Yes, yes, ah, it will be a clabb bord of nots and splinturs nh, which y u will Lav tu shraeh and skrach frum everlastiu lew everlastin, ah, untell the fotindashuns ov bmnt'tun is hurt owt, oil, and fhiun ar quiuched, ah, and the wauls ar kooled, ah,- and untel thu blut ov an endlees eturnety freses yu ns stifl as pokurs, ah. Amen. A SERMON FROM A DISCIPLB of Tin; Haki' of a Tiioi'hakd Stkinu. The following very pathetic wmion was actually p readied by a Hard Sh II otiiethere ainongM, the mountains of Georgia, which we give, verhapm tt Itter ulim. I lis text wa thi " Jh that it n4 for tti it ayaintt vt, and he ttai ijulhtrtth not trilJt mj terafch eth ithaard." After Laving read Lit text, Le jro celcd thus s TLU pags ov fcct ipU-r, my dcr j CULTURE OF THE PEAR. Mr. F.t.non: I Lave, for many months p:i-t, been a constant reader of your uiluable journal, and though not nt present a practical farmer, it ailbrds m3 great plea-tire to read it. All my early impressions in regard to fanning were of the most common order, and I Lave spent many years since in following the sea. I Lad, however, a strong natural taste for cultivating the soil, without the meaus of indulging it, but from a child enter tained a love for the beautiful in nature, aud devoured with great satisfaction all agricultural papers or books that ha pened iu my way. I could tiot, when a boy, resist the temptation of cutting and trimming what few tret were on lny father's farm, that they might grow and form Landsomn top, and always did it with a sharp knit'?, and without any in otruefion, other than uiy own impulse. I fell the importance of cutting ofF a limb smoothly, and often did my mother come to tha door and Leg of nic tint to f poll the tree. The stuiiy of agriculture is to iuu exceedingly instructive. It elevates the mind and harmonizes the feelings in all that L intere-ting and beautiful iu nature. Men are bid to behold God, and the goodnu of God, and the cul' ttvatton of lh'; soil. In IriuO, late in the fall, I sent from Albany to a brother in Cayuga Co., N. V., Soiiw twenty pear trees of bm.ill tize; lWtlett, Seekel, Winter Nclis, and some other choice varieties. They were set out in holes dug five feet in diuineter, uiid eighteen iuchc-j deep; all the injured root were carefully cut out, and the hole filled with compost from this wood pile, or thin heap and burn yard. The first year they routed well, but did not grow much; in ltC2, I went out and pent two year. All my old disposition for cutting and liimmiri'' La returned, and with a sharp knife, I introduced my self to the young orehard of unite fitiy trees. Tho jx ar tret received my es pecial attention, cutting out the glinted wood, and shaping the top w ith regard to beauty of form, nt'cordng lo my no lion of a beautiful ti eo top, taking great eare to cut tins limb nmooihly and close ly, that the bark ia:ght coter the wound tiioolltly. Theon l.Hrd wu kept highly manured, and i" cultivation aa a garden, in part. I wah-d the tree with a weak ley, taking li all foreign substance, about the tune tt.ey were in LkiwMrrn. When a eheep or , lamb died upon the farm, they were immediately buried wilh great care around the pear tree. In August of 'oi bn luring, which I Lata git red, w from :,!,,'J eomrneiic-ed to Mr-w rapidly, pre holey rit- It i in ;enatbl thathe Lu crytal retreat, gathei ing egg at the rate ! i not for o i git u. v j ean find of twelve Lundred a day. OuUida, th ! no better iwMamatkk pruf n tli'w, mi fruit, but only a fe w were. Jell fo grow storm raged without interiisin, and ; breihring, than git tu luok round Bd;nd inafure, but ti. tree e,rew with viou to that ihey bad grown but tittle. In '.''i the prow ih wa inot repid and i'"jroo. Ia the lre t full cf ld ef, tsA the regiment was drawn np is a r- J -circular form before the stake. Then 'J.e deserter, Li attendants and Lis our effort, to w them, the truth leem- our e-2-luMr found" it diiH -uli to Leep U w uu wy th . I tUrn U re, ; 8" "' 'f'" "'! . , ' t i . a . .i r. .'healthy. In July, o-, they Lad attained . ed to lurt upoa terj. o. Ve Juul! their fctt; but a merrier ft of fi..r. fcmbrws, lo 4 I bar M. the taft Uj ff u,f.n fil9Q .w.jv, f;.ctf m lost the feeling ot Lunger, and were a!-andf than were tiered within utter jLsndid 1'ivb tanan and hne the elf- Ucie M ih fruit, (r hr- raof t tatufied with our pasty broth and I tu; feittd in geuad diet. icotamiitline4 Ist-tt, and yander iht 'tlx?.