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A. A. EABLK. EDITOH. IRASBTRGH, FEIDAT, APRIL IP, 18GJ. Disaster to the Vermont Cavalry. The Vermont Cavalry has met with another serious disaster, and this timo bringing the deepest distress and anguish to many a hitherto hap py homo in our county. It appears that a portion of this regiment, in cluding company-1 Iho company recruited by Col. Sawyer had a severe skirmish near Draincsville on the first day of April, in which Capt II. C. Flint of this village, and John Reed of Albany, M-eie instantly kill ed, and Lieut. Grout and Frost of Barton, were severely wounded, tho latter having siueo died. Some sixty were killed, wounded and ta ken prisoners. Capt. Flint fell while leading a charge on Mosby's notorious band of guerillas, pierced by six bullets fired by tho rebel Captain. Col. Sawyer's brief dis patch to his agonized parents tells volumes for him as a soldier " he died heroically." Wo knew he would die thus if he fell upon the field of battle, lie has fallen, and the citizens of Irashtirgli and his many acquaintances feel the stroke and drop sympathetic ' tears to his memory. A better boy than Henry never lived. He was a true patriot, brave, affable, kind, and beloved by all who knew him. We have had to chronicle within tho past few months tho death of many a soldier and friend. It has been a sorrow to us, but this last comes the nearest home of all. We have known him for many years and seldom did we hear him utter an ill word of any one, and never without great cause. Ho entered upon life with the deter mination to get an education to be a man ; and lor one to hYe attained lis position at the age of twenty three, with the slim advantages held out to him, speaks much in his praise. He had but very recently been home on a short furlough to sco his rela tives and f r i e n d s , pressing their hands, bidding them a hurried fare well, and returning to his command again with high hopes and full health, to battle and to die, it has proved, in defenco of the Union he loved giving his blood to bind again - in one a sisterhood of states. Below wo give a few extracts from a letter written by Mr. A. M. Crane, to Capt. Flint's parents : " April Int. So I closed my writing. And how have ray wishes been realized? The telegraph baa already informed you. How or what to write 1 do not knovv. I can only relate Iho events as thev oc curred. Last night we were aroused by the order for every able man to saddle up - 'in . ..." or missing. Our company baa lost about twenty-Ore wounded and prisoners. Iwo are killed. What more I can write now to calm the agonies of grief I hardly know. To praise him who has gone would be useless. You knew his worth and need not to be told that he was a favorite with the whole regiment and will be mourned by every one in it. And this is no new feeling which has just been aroused, but it was spoken of and talked about befor and acknowledged by all and eagerly assented to by almost every one. I do not believe he had an enemy amongsi us. His popularity was universal among both officer anu men. All were look 'ng forward to the time they believed not far ott when he would be promoted to s higher office, and not one but gladly ac corded to him the reword of bis labors, though his company disliked the idea of losing him for their Captain. And now he is promoted indeed, if not as we ex pected. And there only can consolation be found in tho thought that he is serv ing where there is no war no blood slied no pain nor trouble nothing to ilnturb or to mar. And Jie has shown the wav, has drank the same cup. We can only bow in submission, looking to the Ranm hand that chastises for healinc and comfort. We can only say " God': will ho done." Henry did in truth die like a hero fighting in a glorious cause. Ho lias done his duty. Let him rest. 1 know it is hard O how hard. Some- uints you will leel almost to quarrel with the One who nfllictetb.hut it it well. Do not think me harsh. We can't set- as lie sees, the beginning from the end. lint the time is coming when you will tay as I say, " It is well." God comfori you and keep you. A. M. Crane. Hints on Agriculture. I'll is is an agricultural community, and at this season of the year our mind are much engaged in laying plans to in crease our income from the land, wheth er it be a seven by nine garden spot, or the farm which embruccs 'all we survey' divided up into swamp, woodland, pus lure and fertile fields. To insure success, it is proper for up, even while the snow lies deep on the ground, to see with our mind's eye the crops of grain and vegetables, each in its place, thrifty and promising. So anx ious do we become for success, that we read or hear those things that tend to guard us against mistakes with more than usuul interest. This spring farmers should lay their p.u.is with uora than usual care. Tax es are large ; all things that you buy are high ; yet there is a prospect that the produce will sell correspondingly high. You want to make money we want to help you. War news does not help you to get money j nor political intelligence ; nor choice miscellany j but successful experiments, long experience, close ob servation in regatdtoyour calling, sum med up and brought to your notice thro' our columns, we trust, will assist you. We may, perhaps, tell you some things you knew before, but which you may not have taught your children. Pass them along. Their prosperity is as essential We notice with pleasure that an en terprising farmer, in this town, has ob tained help from anew source. lie wrote to an officer in the army to send him a colored man. The officer imme diately sent a smart, active young man, who seems to understand farm work, and is likely to be as efficient as the for eigners we usually employ, and the com pensation will not be so much. Others could profit by this example. Vegetables. Those who intend to raise tomatoes early, cabbages, turnips, &c, should be starting them now in box es. Those who desire early potatoes can sprout them by burying a box full in horse manure. Plant them carefully when the ground becomes warm, and you will have them a week or two earlier tbar. in the usual way. From the Sixth Regiment. Vols., ) as your own. We may make mistakes tor a scout. X Ins was about two o'clock. e had lately bad so ronuy such scouts that I thought little of it, supposing it would terminate as all all other had done before. Soon our Captain came along and said he wanted every man The Commissary Sergeant asked if he wanted himself and the Ciuartermaster. The auswer was that he did not and he passed along. I heard one of the men ask him il he should go lo Drainsville, and he aid he should if possible and I judged by the tone of his voice that reb els would not make it impossible for bim. These were the lai-t words I heard him utter. I assisted the sergeant who was to go from our lent and went to lecp again. It now seems that they took the road to Drainsville and not finding them there went beyond on the road towards L-es-burgh some four or five miles, and then liarning where the rebels wen, turned to the right and followed a road ahm near a stream by UH oamo of Broad Uun. About a mile out on this road the rebels bad halted at a bouse lo feed their horses. They were in a yard which en closed both bouse and barn and behind a high rail fence. Co. I with Capt. Flint and Lt. Grout leading charged down at the house and barn. Co. B led by Lt. Woodbury formeily of Co. I, followed close behind. Our Captain cheered on Ins men and led them up lo the fence where be fell pierced hy half a dozen balls. The two companies in front were not sustained as they should have been and were obliged to fall back under a severe fire. The result was that they either wounded or took prisoners fully tarn-lliir.la f ... r i -i . .... J , uui iuruo oesiues killing Lt. Woodbury and wounding Lt Grout very dangerously. One other man was killed in our Co., John Reed of Albany. A good number were wounded some dangerously but we do not know how many just now, for a part of them were taken off. This was in the early morning. Soon as the new reached camp that there was trouble, another detachment was sent out and went to the scene of action But we were too late to do more than bring in the dead and care for the living. I went out in the morning. Had my horse been well I ibould Lave cone the night before. Tbi is the worst thing that bat hap pened yet to oor regiment Something like hundred are lost killed, wounded and inadvertently publish errors j if you s?e them, you are just the meu to cor reel them. ir . i .. ... n e muji auvance tne uoriU is mo ving lot us not be eft behind. A few years ago, the effort was to live, and on stumpy fields, among lugs, under every disadvantage, potatoes, corn, beans and cereals were cultivated ; but now more is demanded. Fruit is found to be heal tiiy ; rind while the nursery men of Lon( T 1 1 1 T . . isiBim anu iew jersey are supplying that part of the country, we would in quire who in Orleans county has a grape vine thut will mature a fair quality of fruit ? If any, speak, and make you pile by selling vines. Is there any cur rant better for use than the one common ly cultivated f Who has gooseberries plums, cherries, apples of quality easily propagated ' Tobacco and pears have been raised in this county ; are they bar dy? Aid us in giving light on these and kindred subjects, and promote the intelligence, health and happiness of a thousand homes. Hiked Help. Helo for (armors i, scarce, ami wages are extravagantly high. On many farms it would be more profitable to leave some necessary work undone than to pay for help from $17 l $20 per month, besides board, which should be reckoned as 8 per month. The laborer should not only earn his wages, but a surplus for bit) employer of $5 at least. So, more than $30 should be added to the farmer's income every month $240 in eight months to make it profitable to him. We feel confident that help will be more plenty when it becomes generally understood in Cana da that our enrolments are already made, and they will be in no danger of beiug drafted. Also, owing to a decline in the price of gold there will be less loss in changing money. Formerly it was somewhat the custom for the proprietor to say to bis men : 'II you do as much as I, I will be satisfied.' Now it should be : 'Here, young man, money is your master. Wherever I am. your master ia the tame. You are ex pected to put more into my pocket than you take out.' Employers should have access to ag ricultural literature that they may feel more interested in their daily duties. "Licensed. " A good many persons have taken licenses to sell liquor under tho Uni ted States excise law. It is doubt ful whether these will protect them from prosecutions under the state laws, but if they do afford that pro tection then the rumsellers are Licensed to make a strong man weak j Licensed to lay a wise man low; Licensed a wife's fond heart to break, And make her children's tears to flow. Licensed to do thy neighbor harm ; Licensed to kindle hate and strife! Licensed to nerve the robber's arm ; Licensed to wliot the murderous knife. Licensed thy neighbor's purse to drain, And rob him of his very last j Licensed to heat his feverish brain, Till madness crown thy work at Inst. Licensed like spider for a fly, To spread thy nets for man thy prey ; To mock his stnis-'Kles, suck him dry, Then cast the worthless hulk away. Licensed where peace and quiet dwell, To bring disease and want, and woe ; Licensed to make this world n hell, And tit man fur a hell below." Connecticut Election.--"The seed of the woman has bruised the serpent's head" in Connecticut. The 'old nutmeg' state is true to the Union, and the loud hissing of the 'copperheads,' that was so buld and defiant before the election, sends but a feebly greeting to the 'rattlesnake' of the South. His startling hiss has died out to a plaintive voice. The re publicans have carried tho state, re-elec ting Gov. Buckingham over secesh Sey mour by from 3,000 to 5,000 mujority, carrying both branches of the legislature by iiamtsoine majorities, and electing 3 out of four congressmen, a gain of one from the last election. Considering the amount of labor and time spent by the 'copperheads' to carry the state South, we think this is a great triumph for the North. Hurrah for the 'old nutmeg !' where shall we find a grater f Sugar House Burned. We learn that a sugar house belonging to Mr. Asa Loveland, in this town, was burned on Inst Monday night, together with a cart, wagon, sleigh, several cords of dry wood, a large washing of clothing, and many : other things. Ahhough the sugar house stood not 10 rods from the dwelling, the family slept till morning unconscious of the conflagration. The origin of the fire we have not learned. From tho Eleventh Regiment. Fort Slocum, Washington,) April 1st, 18G3. j Dear Old Boss : Here I am again in camp at Fort Slocum, among the boys from Orleans. I found them all right endup, in good spirits, and enjoying themselves first rate. Some were play ing cards, some dice, some reading news papers, novels, or love letters. Some cleaning their guns, blacking their belts, or scouring their brasses. Some were on guard, some on picket, some on fatigue, some in the hospital, and the rest scat tered here and there, according to detail. The weather for the last two weeks has been very stormy, and almost cold enough to freeze the ears off a cast-iron image ; yet the boys do their duty with out a grumble, and keep out of the bomb proof as much as possible. Guard duty has been pretty bard this winter, as we have lind three different kinds to per form, viz : pieket-gtinrd, post-guard and blackguard. Beauregard is played out. vt e nave to go on picket or post guard onco iii three days ; blackguard every nigm just alter roll-cull. The health of the company is improv ing. There are only three in the hospi tal, K. M. Boutwell, C. G. Webster and Lemuel Suthans. Solon B. Carpenter dime from there yesterday. Serc't II. R. Tuell has been quite unwell for some time ; also Corp. Serg't Alson Moody, of Craflsbury, got hit discharge day before yesterday. Hollis II. Bailey is appoint ed Corporal in place of Corn. Whitnev. dee'd. Bailey is a bully boy, well worthy of the appointment. The drum corps has been dismissed and we now eo by the sound of the buglet. Bugled to bed and bugled up again ; bugled to breakfast. dinner and supper. Bugled to guard mount and dress parade, bugled on fa- igue o r spadedrill occasionally and semi-occasionally. George Colton bugles lor uo. . We haye had a day or two of warm June-like weather in which (he chick adee! and frogt sang beautifully, but yesterday it snowed tome three inches, and to-day it is very cold, the wind is turn and piercing. I be mail has just got in, several of the boys got nicely fooled. The boys are making up their mums 10 nave tne war cloted and go home about three weekt from next fall. Oh ! then we'll p a courting. And ride through mud and rtin, ' ' wire the old nurse snorting .! (I t corner of the lane. E. IT. Wpbstkr. i Camp of the 6tii Vt. Vols., Near Bell Plain Landing, March 81, 18G3 Friend Earlk: Since writing you last, when tee, the army of the Potomac, were in c. mp near Aquia Creek, where we went into winter quarters soon nflcr Gen. McClullan was superseded by Gen. Burnsido, we have left the above men tioned quarters and made the well known raid of the Rappahannock under Gen. Burnside. If I am not mistaken, I saw a piece in a Vermont paper entitled, 'Change of Commander,' in which the writer, let bim be who he may, used ra ther hard language in speaking of Gen. McClellan. In the course of his argu ments he said : 'it is yet to be seen whether the change will prove for the belter, but it certainly cannot prove for the worse.' If he was certain that it would not prove for the worse, I am just as certain that the change did not, as it turned out, prove for the better. . Any General, in my opinion, in order to be successful, must have the entire confi dence of the men under him, and that Gen. Burnside did not have, as has been seen. Next came the mud raid, commencing Jun. 20th, and ending Jan. 23d ; and never was an army moved under more vexing circumstances. The morning we started the signs of the weather plainly indicated a storm, and that soon. Well, Franklin's grand division on the left moved on to the extreme right of the ar my as it then lay marched all day thro' woods and ravines, and went a round about way so as to keep out of sight of the rebels, in order to tuke them alto gether by surprise. It was going to be tho last crushing effort to put down the rebellion. At last we halted and camp ed for the night, lame and sore. We were ordered to make email fires and no noise. We awoke in the morning to find the rain coming down just as tho' there was not a single man out to be wet by it but there were fifty or seventv- thousaud soldiers out, and of course each had to lake his rations of the rain that was dealt oat to us not at all stingily. About noon wo had orders to fall in and be ready to move, and of course we did so. We wero marched about two miles halted stacked our arm s un- slung our knapsacks nj prepared for tiusincss, which was not, by the way, ve ry agreeable, I assure you. We soon ascertained that we were to help the pontoon train along that was stuck in the mud ; for without the pontoon bridges we could not cross the river and inflict that great crushing blow that I before mentioned. We worked away in the mud, up to our knees until after dark, and did not get them half through at that. You un doubtedly would have smiled a little to have seen three or four thousand Ver monters, all covered with mud from head to foot, drawing at a rope in front of the horses. At last the order came to 'fall in.' We were goina somewhere, bull where, we did not know or care. Mind you, some unseen band was all this time dealing out the rain to us just as though they had got a stock on hand that they had to get rid of by a certain time not specified, at least, to us. Well, we march ed back to the ground we had left in the morning. There everything was cold and wet no fire and no sunner. nntl ard looking chance for either and vou may imagine your bumble servant in a smiling mood. None but volunteers used to such times could make a live out of it, but as it was, we soon had a good fire, supper prepared, clothes drying, and the shouts I and songs of the boys soon began to echo thiougb tho woods. The night passed pleasantly ; morning came, and with it the snow began to fall, which was soon turned to rain. We stopped there all day, and the next morning we had orders to pack up and march back to our old en campment, where we now are. A very hard day's work followed. Many hard and useless words were said about Gen. Burnside. Every movement of his ap peared to fail. I think him a true patriot and a noble soldier, but not capable of nanuung so large an army as that of the Potomac. I expected before this time to have seen some of Gen. Hooker's ma neuvering; but I think he i3 too bright a man to undertake to move an armv in this mud. When the time comes he will move, and the men are ready to follow him in bis first attempt. I have said, and still slick lo the state ment, that we never have bad a Genaral flint liot !. - CJ r .. ...... .wrmiic commence oi me men no HfnPlall UJ J T I . . . iu iu ijhu hiiu i aouui wnether we ever shall have. Still the army is not in the least demoralized, as some woui.i be dud to make out. TIipt r willing to do anything in the defence of tne otars and Stripes that have waved over us in triumph for so long a period. If there is another call for tronnq. at T have no doubt tbere will be, I hope lo cc n general turn out throughout the North, and fleck to the standard of our country, and put down these miserable traitors that are daily insulting us. We say, ueath to all traitors. The health of the troops, at least as far as I know, is good never better. I spenk more particularly of the Vermont Brigade, of whom, no doubt, your read ers are anxious to hear. Col. Grant, of the 5th Vt., is now in command of the brigade, and is generally liked by the men under his charge. I see by the Cal edonian that Col. Slanard of the 9th Vt, ana formerly Lieut. Col. of the 2d, has been made brigadier ; and it is reported that he is to have command of this bri gade. Gen. Stoughton was gobbled up by the rebels, in rather a disgraceful manner, at least, to bim. the circumstan ces of which you know. You will toon near, do doubt, from Uncle Joe Hooker's move, and until then, believe me your humble serv't, O. T. Stiles. War and Miscellaneous Items. Death op a Vermonter in New Mexico. Hon. Oliver P. Hovey, a son of Mr. Orange Hovey, of Craftsbury, deceased last August in Santa Fe, New Mexico, is thus spoken of by the Santa Fe Gazette: He was among the first Americans who occupied New Mexico after its ac quisition by tho United States, and has ever since that time made Santa Fe his residence. His active, energetic business habits, together with his liberal generosity to the needy, attached and endeared him to large numbers of our population. His death at this time will be a great loss to the community in which he moved and of which he was so influential a member. The funeral which took place at an early hour Saturday morning was large ly attended, the procession being one of the largest we have witnessed in Santa Fe on a similar occasion. A public meeting held at the Court House in Santa Fe, adopted the follow ing resolutions: Resolved, tbat it is with deep regret and sorrow that we have learned of the decease of our friend and fellow towns man, Hon. Oliver P. Hovey, who de parted this life at his residence a little before 12 o'clock on this day. Resolved, that in his death this place has been bereaved of one of its most honorable, generous and useful inhabit ants, the Territory of one of her most enterprising and patriotic citizens, and one whose future seemed full of useful ness and distinction. Resolved, that while we bow to this heavy stroke from the hand of an All wise Being, who holds in his will men and nations, we condole deeply with the bereaved family of the deceased, in be ing deprived of a kind, indulgent and honored head, guide and protector. Resolved, that we will with the citizens of this place universally attend the funer al of the deceased on to-morrow. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be made and signed by the offi cers and published in the Santa Fe Ga zette, and that a copy thereof be tent to his family relatives. Testimony of Alex. H. Stephens. Raspberry Mountain, Pa.,) March 1, 18G3. j Who is Responsible for the Civil War t A Complete Vindication of the North by the Vice President of the Confede racy of Kidnappers. Dear Garrison : The enclosed ex tract from a speech of A. II. Stephens, in the convention tbat look Georgia out of the Union, January, 1861, I have used the past year in lecturing, and in private conversation. It silences all de mocratic allies of kidnappers and traitors in the North. The great argument used by them in New York, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois is, tbat the North bad invaded the rights of the South. Stephens brands them all as liars. He charges the civil war, with all its horrors, wholly on the South. He leaves the traitors not a shadow of an excuse. If you deem it of value, and pertinent to the present hour, print it, that all may see bis opinions. He declared on the floor of tbe convention, called to vote Georgia out of the Union, and plunge it into the impassable and bottomless gulf of secession, anarchy and ruin : "That tbia step once taken could nev- relation to the general government ? We have always bad the control of it, and can yet, if we remain in it, and are as united as we have been. We have had a majority of the Presidents chosen from the Southern states ; as well as the control and management of most of those chosen from the north. We have had GO years of Southern Presidents to their 21, thus controlling the Executive depart ment. So of the judges of the supreme court, wo have had 18 from the South and but 11 from the North although nearly four-fifths of the judicial business has arisen in the Free States, yet a ma jority of the court has always been from the South. This we have required so as to guard against any interpretation of tbe constitution unfavorable to us. In like manner we have been equally watch ful to guard our interests in tbe legisla tive branch of tbe government. In choosing tbe presiding presidents (pro lem.) of tbe Senate, we have had 24 to their 11. Speakers of tbe House, we have bad 23, and they 12. While the majority of their representatives, from their greater population, have always been from the North, yet we have to generally secured the speaker, because be, to a great extent, shapes and controls er be recalled ; and all the baleful and the legislation of the country. Nor have withering consequences that must follow. (as they would see,) will rest on the con vention for all time to come. When we and our posterity shall see our lovely South desolated by the demon of war which this act of yours will inevitably invite and call forth ; when our beautiful green fields of waving harvests shall be trodden down by the murderous soldiery and fiery car of war sweeping over our land ; our temples of justice laid in ash es ; all the horrors and desolations of we had less control in every other de partment of the general government Attorney-generals we have bad fourteen, while the Noith have had but five. For eign ministers we have had 86, and tbey but 5-1. While three-fourths of the busi ness which demands diplomatic agents abroad is clearly from the Free States, from their greater commercial interests, yet we have had the principal embassies so as to secure tbe world markets for our cotton, tobacco and sugar on the best war upon us ; wno Dut tins convention !possible tcrms We i,a?e hKda vast ma- The rebel conscription has atter ly failed in North Carolina and soulheast Tennessee. The mountain men resist it with arms. O" A Vicksburgh letter announces the seizure of 2500 bales of cotton from Lake Providence by our forces. Every bale was marked C. S. A. Guerrillas Captured. Some 40 guerrillas, disguised as civilians, were captured a few days since near Stafford C. II. They were armed with revolvers. 65 The Yazoo expedition has prov ed a failure, chiefly caused by obstruc tions in the river, and the annoyance of rebel sharpshooters. Hung for Mcrder and Treason. Thos. C. Schachlett.of Meade county, Ky., has been convicted and hung for the crimes of treason and murder. He was convicted by the U. S. district court at Louisville, Ky. fcaT The triumph of the Union Re publican ticket in Rhode Island is com plete. It was carried in every county in the state. Emancipation in Md. Postmaster General Blair having been written to by a Maryland friend as to whether it is ad visable to make emancipation a question in the coming election, replies that it is already a question, and that the only way is lo despise the secession howl of "Abolitionists," and meet the issue like men. Confederate Loan. The confede rate loan offered abroad proves to be no thing more nor less than a colton spec ulation based on the chances of running the blockade. National Fast The President has by proclamation appointed Thurs day, the 30th inst., to be observed as a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer throughout the nation. will be held responsible for it ? and who but him who shall have given his vote for this unwise and ill-timed measure, (as I honestly think and believe,) shall be held to strict account for this suicidal act, by the present generation, and probably cursed and execrated by posterity for all coming time, for the wide and desolating ruin tbat will inevitably follow this act you now propose to perpetrate ? Pause, I entreat you, and consider for a momont what reasons you can give that will even satisfy yourselves in calm er moments what reasons can you give to your fellow-sufferers in tbe calamity that it will bring upon us ? What reason can you give to the nations of the earth to justify it? They will be the calm and deliberate judges in tbe case ! and to what cause or o n e overt act can you name or point, on which to rest the plea of justification ? What right has the North assailed ? What interest of the South has been invaded ? What justice has been denied ? and what claim foun ded in justice and right has been with held ? Can either of you to-day name one government act of wrong, deliber ately and purposely done by the govern ment of Washington, of which lb'.- South has a right to complain ? I challenge the answer I While, on the other hand. let me show the facts, (and believe me, gentlemen, I am not here the advocate of the northern states ; but I am here the friend, the firm friend and lover of the South and her institutions, and for this reason (I speak thus plainly and faithful ly for yours, mine and every other man's interest, the words of truth and sober ness,) of which I wish you to judge, and I will only state facts which are clear and undeniable, and which now stand as records authentic in the history of our country. When we of the South demanded the slave-trade, or the importation of Afri cans for the cultivation of our lands, did they not yield the right for 20 years ? When we asked asked a three-fifths re presentation in Congress for our slaves, was it not granted ? When we asked jority of the higher officers of both army and navy, while a larger proportion of the soldiers and sailors were drawn from the North. Equally so of clerks, audi tors and comptrollers filling tbe executive department, the records show that tor the last 50 years that of the three thou sand thus employed, we have had more than two-thirds of the same, while we have but one-third of the white popula tion of tbe republic. Again, look at another item, and one, be arsured, in which we have a great and vital interest ; it is that of revenue or means of supporting, government. From official documents, we learn tbat a frac tion over three-fourths of the revenue collected for tbe support of government has uniformly been raised from the north. Pause now while you can, gentlemen, and contemplate carefully and candidly these important items. Look at another necessary branch of the government, and Icain from stern statistical facts how mat ters stand in ibat department. I mean the mail and post cilice privileges that we now enjoy under the general govern ment as it has been for years past. The expense for the transportation of the mail in the Free States was, by the re port of the Postmaster Gsneral for the year I860, a little over $13,000,000, wbilelhe income was $19,000,000. But in the Slave States the transportation of the mail was $14,716,000, while the rev enue from the same was 8,001,026 leaving a deficit of $6,115,735, to be supplied by tbe Norm for our accommo dation, and without it we must have been entirely cut off from this most es sential branch of tbe government. Leaving out of view for the present, the countless millions of dollars you must expend in a war with the North s with tens of thousands of your sons and brothers slain in battle, and offered up as sacrifices upon the altar of your am bition nnd for what, we ask again ? Is it for the overthrow of the American government, established by our common ancestry, cemented and built up by their sweat and blood, and founded on the broad principles of right, justice and hu manity ? And as such, I must declare bere, as I have often done before, and which has been repeated by the greatest and wisest of statesmen and patriots in tnisand other lands, that it is the best and freest government the most equal in its rights thrt most just in its decisions The Lake Providence canal has proved a success. In 3 days from the levee the crevasse had increased from 10 to 100 feet wide, and steamers now run without difficulty from tbe lake into the Mississippi river. The Vicksburgh ca nal, however, is reported to be abandon ed on account of certain rebel batteries placed in range of it. A fisherman living in a hut near Troy, N. Y, was arrested on Tuesday charged with a most fiendish crime. Last summer he went to Wales, where his wife resides, and returned with a young girl about sixteen years of age, said to be bis daughter. He had not sufficient money to bring tbe mother, al so. Tbe father and this girl have oc cupied tbe hut until the present date. On Saturday last the girl gave birth to a child, and this fiend in human shape, who admits its parentage, attempts to palliate bis crime by the plea that tbe girl was his wife's daughter by another hufbsnd. and demanded the return of any fugitive 'he most lenient in its measures, and the from justice, or the recovery of those most '"spiring in its principles to elevate persons owing labor or allegiance, was it ihv!rTnnI ,he 8UD not incorporated in the constitution ? and Now. for vou to alterant to overthrow again ratified and strengthened in the such a government as this, under fugitive slave law of 1850 ? But do you reply that in many instan ces tbey have violated this compact, and have not been faithful to their engage ments ? As individuals and local com munities they may have done so j but not by the sanction of the government ; for that has always been true to Southern interests. Again, gentlemen, look at another fact. When we have asked what more territory may be added, that we might spread tbe institution of slavery, have they not yielded to our demands in giv ing us Louisiana, Florida and Texas, out of which four States have been carved, and ample territory for four more to be added in due time, if you by this unwise and Impolitic c t do not destroy this hope, and, perhaps, by it lose all, and have your last slave wrenched front you by stern military rule, as South Ameri ca and Mexico were ; or by tbe vindic tive decree of a universal emancipation, which may reasonably be expected to follow. But, again, gentlemen, what have we lo gain by this proposed change of pur which we bave lived for more than 9-4 of a century in which we bave gained our wealth, our standing as a nation, our domestic safety while the elements of peril are around us, with peace and tran quility accompanied with unbounded prosperity and rights nnassailed is the height of madness, folly and wickedness to which I can neither lend my sanction nor my vote." Ibis is a full vindication of the Re publicans, Abolitionists, and friends of freedom in the North. No democratic traitor among ut dares to meet the facts ttated by Mr. Stephens. Had I tbs means, this extract should be put in tract, and sent broadcast over Pennsyl vania, New York and the West. It has settled tbe minds of thousands to my knowledge. Print it, if you can, tbat Webbs, 1 bompsons, Brights and others in England may set it. and bv it be able to silence all those who cast the blame of this civil war on the North. The ex tract ia a proof that the South is the ag gressor, and tbe North is actins in self- defence in the way that England and all Europe and America declare to be right. It wat after making tbia speech in that convention, that Mr. Stephens wat bought up by tha kidnapping traitort by an offer of the vice-presidency of 'b confederacy of Corsairs. Yours for Universal Freedom, JftNRT C. WmflHT."