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Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, February 14, 1866, Image 2

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One year in advance,
One column, one year,
Half column, one year.
On fourth column, one year.
One iqnare. f 12 lines) one vear.
One square, or lesg, three weeks,
Leral notices, 12 cents per line for one, two,
orwree insertions.
No paper discontinued until all arrearages are
paid, except at the option or the puniisner.
Intemperance and Crime.
In an article on this subject we last
week presented facts and statistics to
show that a large majority of the crimi
nals in our country are of intemperate
habits. Wc wish to make the con
nection between crime and the use of
intoxicating liquors so obvious that
there can be no possibility of calling
it in question. We therefore present
some additional evidence on the same
point, to which if our readers will give
a candid consideration, we are sure
that not one of them will doubt that
rum and crime are as inseparably con
nected as the Siamese Twins.
In 1850 there were G0,000 drunk
ards in the State of New York, of
whom 3,912 were convicted of crime.
At the same time, there were 2,540,
000 persons in the State, who were not
drunkards ; and of this number only 3,
C90 were convicted of any violation of
law. One out of every fifteen drunk
ards was a criminal, while only one
sober man out of every GG1 was guil
ty of any breach of law. More crimes
by 222 were committed by the
G0,000 intemperate than by the 2,540,-
000 temperate inhabitants ot the
State. Can anything demonstrate
more forcibly than these facts the ac-
. tive agency of intemperance in the
production of crime ?
Iu the city of New York, the number
of arrcst3 by the police in the year
18G4 was 54,751. Of these, 6,591
wjrc for assaults, usually committed
under the influence of liquor, 9,365
were for disorderly conduct, a little
more so than in assault cases ; 6,802
were for "disorderly intoxication'
that is, for fighting when drunk : and
1 6,655 were for intoxication in plain
English, for being so dead drunk that
they had to be carried in by the police.
Here is a sum total of 39,413 eases,
that wo may safely conclude to have
been caused by the use of intoxicating
liquors of various kinds ; for if there
are any of ' these cases that are not
properly chargeable to this cause, they
are more than balanced by the hund
red casc3 of murder and manslaughter,
or the 4,866 cases of petty larceny,
the greater number of which are the
result of dram drinking.
The New York Times comments
upon these facts as follows : ;
"Every day's police and criminal
reports indicate anew the great and
terrible agency of liquor in the pro
duction of crime. In the latest of our
local horrors the murder of Senor
Otero in Brooklyn the perpetrators
of the crime, if we may infer that
those under arrest as the culprits are
really such, first plied their victim,
and then filled themselves with hot
and strong liquor, as a necessary pre
iiminary to the commission of the atro
city. And nine out of ten of the mnr.
ders that disgrace our community are
unuer me same internal influence.
The same thing may be said of the
lesser grades of criminality. In cases
of violent assault, the assailants are
nearly always excited by liquor; and
in a large proportion of the persona
outrages on the streets and elsewliPi-o
the victim or the perpetrator is a vic
tim 01 this unnatural stimulus. It is
one of the chief causes of domestic
quarrels and difficulties one of the
lundamcntal agencies of degradation
and vice. In fact, it would seem from
our experience, that, but for liquor
uim us innuences, tne grosser forms
oi crime would m a great measure
cease to prevail. The American Wo-
i, yji uu umsses, are altogether too
mucn given to the use of strong liquors
whisky, oranay, gin, &c, and per
"la my opinion every crime has its
origin, more or . less, in the crime o
Judge Coleridge, at Oxford, said
"There is scarcely a crime comes be
fore me which was not directly, or
indirectly, caused by strong drink.
Justice Patterson, at Norwich, said
to the Grand Jury : "If it were not
for this drinking, you, and I should
have nothing to do."
Baron Alderson said: "Drunken
ness is the most fertile cause of crime,
and if it could be removed, the assizes
of the country would be mere nullities."
J udge Wightmau, charging the
Grand Jury at Liverpool, said : "I
find from a perusal of the evidence in
the depositions, one unfailing cause of
four-fifths of the offences in this (as, in
deed, it is of every other) calendar,
the besetting sin of drunkenness. In
almost all the cases of violence to the
person, the scene has been a public
house or beer shop, and the parties
inHamed and exasperated by intoxica
tion. So long as the habits of the
people are those of intemperance
whenever an opportunity is afforded.
so long as they are incapable of recre
ation and enjoyment except that of
drinking to excess in a- public house,
much improvement cannot be expect
The evidence now adduced show;
clearly and incontrovertibly that the
use of intoxicating liquors tend to
produce crime. Let us advance a
step, and see whether, conversely, tern
perance has any tendency to diminish
crime. Immediately after the "rent
f . .
Washington movement, of 1842, the
revolution in the drinking usages of
society made itself strikingly manifest
in the diminution of crime. The
average number of convicts in the
State prison of Maine, had been eighty,
for several years ; it was less than
sixty for several years after. The
number of prisoners decreased a full
fourth, while according to the census,
the population increased a full fourth ;
thus making the real diminution of
crime as the result of increased intem
perance fifty per cent. As early as
1831 the number of prisoners at Sins
Sing,X. Y., was 1000, but immediate
ly after the inauguration and vigorous
prosecution of the total abstinence
movement, and doubtless as a conse
quence of it, the number decreased to
763; notwithstanding a great increase
in the population both of the State and
city of New York. In Portland, Me.,
at the March term of the police court
for 1851; seventeen indictments i;-
crime were prosecuted. A few months
afterwards the prohibitory law went
into force, and was thoroughly execu
ted, and at thc'March term, 1 852, of
the same court, only one solitary in
dictment was presented, and that was
found to be the result of a malicious
prosecution. During the nine months
Jotham Cummings.
Deacon Jotham Cummings of Mor
gan, was undoubtedly one of the pur
est and noblest men of Orleans Coun
ty, in its early days. We doubt if
there was more than one. man of more
genuine ability, and that was Samuel
'C. Crafts. Mr. Crafts had more edu
cation, and more of the culture ac
quired by mingling in society. He
was in public service in the County,
State and Nation, during a large part
of his life, and was always upright,
pure minded and capable. Mr. Cum
mings lived in a small town and in
one of the remote and unfrequented
parts of it, and, by natural disposition
and choke, was a home man, moce;t,
unassuming, shrinking from public la
bor, except when the call of duty to
his church or town, was urgent. Then
he did his duty and did it well, no
matter how difficult and responsible
it was; and at once returned to the
seclusion of his home. His natural
talent was very great. It is believed
that, with advantages for education
and for the display of his talents, he
would have shown power equal to any
man in the country. He is remem
bered by the older and middle aged men
of Morgan, first of all, as he appeared
as office bearer in the church. Meet
ings were first held in private houses.
sometimes in barns in summer. The
deacon was ahvavs there. listemno-
thoughtful, sedate, his head a little
dropped, as though the mighty truths
of revelation were absorbing all his
energies, and enwrapping his soul in
a qu ict ecstasyof peace, hope and joy.
At the communion he passed the ele
ments; rather tall, a little stooping,
his hair gray, not white, long and
smoothly combed back, spectacles on
his eyes, his right hand holding the
plate or cup, his left sometimes rest
ing on the hip and he moved so qui
etly, and with such sweet solemn di.r.
nity from bench to bench that the
room may have been the very gates
of heaven to his brethren and sisters,
and it was certainly none oilier than
the house of God, to some of the
young, and ordinarily restless snirits
that were present.
Ir. Cummings' house was the home
of many a minister and inii,.i..iT
who went into Northern Vermont at
that early day. He was the wise man
ui me enuren. u ;inv wntren
iin. ni hus neu lie w
Sunday. Of course it was exhibited
at noon, on the benches of the old
school house, or out under the shade
Glover.- At a recent election the
following officers were chosen for
the Rising Star Lodge No. 25, lor the
of a tree, where the family gathers! quarter, commencing Feb. 1st:
around it. It thus recalls to us, not; N. B. Davis, W. C. T ; Miss E. Blan
only itself, but' the memory of those j chard, W. V. T; Rev. N. W. -Scott,
times, their rustic habits and their j W. C; J. Dewing, W. S ; J. Blodgett,
R. II. S ; M. J. Phillips, L. II. S ; E.
W. Clark, W. F. S; C. N. Hibbard,
W. T ; M. C. Salmon, W. M ; C. A.
Merriam, W. D. M ; A. C. Phillips, W.
I. G ; E. L. Stanton, W. O. G.
home comforts and virtues. And let
no one smile scornfully at them. They
produced men and women of great
worth, of great and good influences
to the world and the church. Onr
manners are different, but our virtues,
are they as pure, as noble ? Are our
lives as useful ? We should like to
believe that Morgan has now a man
of as pure faith and life and influences
as was Father Wilcox in his day, or
a man of as dignified,intelligcnt christ
ian manhood as Dea. Jotham Cum
mings. We wish we could induce
Rev. Jacob S. Clark to give us a
worthy notice of his character and
usefulness. Mr. Clark was nearest
neighbor to Dea. Cummings during
the latter part of his life, and as a pas
tor learned to love and honor him we
are sure. He can do such a work
better, more appreeiatingly, than any
other man. And it must be to him a
labor of love.
Going Away. We learn that our
old friend. Elijah S. Cowles ot Cov
entry, is going to leave that place and
take up his abode in New York City.
He goes into the office of Mr. Charles
Cheney, 1 95 Broadway. We are sor
ry to have "Lije"' leave, but presume
the change will be beneficial to him,
and hope that it may result in his pre
sent prosperity and future glorv.
We have ever found him honest, trust
worthy and reliable; -and all the
people say amen. ,
Dox.vnox axi Oystkr Suppeis.
The people of Coventry are to try
their hand at donations on next Fri
day evening, for the" benefit of Rev. P.
H. White and family. The people of
that town should remember that there
is but one regular minister there and
they can therefore afford to be liberd.
Barton and Albany have set several
patterns which they will do well to
imitate. Of course they will not al
low themselves to be distanced. ' '
Morgan. The officers of Seymour
Lodge No. 1, for the ensuing quarter
are as lollows :
Orrin Taylor, W. C. T ; Susan C.
Parker, R. H. S ; E. T. Parker, L. II.
S; M. A. Williams, W. V. T; Abby.
Lord, W. F. S : Viola Taylor, W. T ;
J. M. Bedell, W. M; S. Allbee,W.D.
M; L. Hackett, W. I. G ; J. N. Pills
bury, W.O. G; F. O. Clark, W. S;
Sarah Taylor, W. A. S ; R. Maplesden,
W. C.
Coventry. The officers of Piccio
la Lodge of Good Templars for the
current quarter are as follows :
Rev. P. II. White, W. C. T ; Mrs.
P. II. White, W. V. T; A. Cowles,
W. R.H.S ; Peleg Kendall, W.R. L.
S: Sarah Gray, W. S; S. Boynton,
W. A. S ; A. R. Cowles, W. T ; E. S.
Howe, W. M ; F. Herbert, V. I). M;
Ella Thrasher, W. I. G ; Damon Ware.
W. (). (J: Mrs. S. P. Cowles, W. C.
This Lodge, the oldest in the Slate is
iu a very flourishing condition, has re
ceived new members almost
State News.
Another New Church in Montpe
lier. On Friday evening, 2d inst, at
a meeting in the vestry of the Brick
Church, it was resolved that a due re
gard for the proprieties of public
worship, the convenience of the people,
and the credit of the parish and the
town, require the erection of a new
church, at an estimated expense of
from thirty to forty thousand dollars.
The last figure, in our opinion, is the
lowest we ought to think about, and
therefore the figure we should all work
for in right good earnest. The meet
ing adopted a form of subscription and
the resolution fc form of subscription
were adopted unanimously. The de
termination was to have a new and
good church, and to this all opinions
as to conditions of subscription were
subordinated. This is the true way.
A new church never can be built if
everybody shall wait for everybody
else to agree about the details. A
committee has the matter of subscrip
tions in charge, and will immediately
enter upon their duties. Now let the
people meet thein cordially and liber
ally. "O, come let us worship the
Lord in the beaut- of holiness,'" said
David on one occasion, and we read
in the margin, that the invitation was
to worship "in His glorious sanctuary.'
The sanctuary should be "glorious," for
purity and beauty, as the temple was.
How unlike that are most sanctuaries,
and ours ! If our private houses were
no better, we should hardly wish to
invite our friends to them. Watch
A Faithful Teacher Rewarded.
Some trouble, and a law-suit, re-
........ l : i. . . . , . .. i i
l earning me puiiisiiiiieut oi a scholar,
''v,'r.v occurred last week in tin- district
weeK since the year came m. and in-1 school at Orange centre, in which right
tends to keep on doing so. prevailed so triumphantly that it d
ics esoecial notice. The toucher
i. i. l rue v tu. have purchased
the corner lot formerly occupied bv
dwelling house of Judge Moon in New-
- . 1 A ,
pori. aim niietiu in ereet a
-Miss Emily Batehelder of East Mont
peher. with the volunteer assistance
of one of the boys of the school, punish-
itisiness I'd u I;trjv :m mnii v -lilni- -!,,-
oiocr wmcn shall supply a telt neees-j was endeavoring to make :i fuss in the
lty, and be an ornament to the village, j school and defy the teacher. I so severe
ly mat lie hegtred tor mercy, and
lather Orosecllted lhe te:irlie- I,.swpj
village school in Charleston, last week float!, of Plainfield and Diekev" of
Disturbance in School. In tin
occurred o n e of those disgraceful
scenes which too often happen, as a
of neglect iu parental
natural n
authority, and too lax condition of
discipline in school.
One Henry Lyon, a youth of seven
teen, not having the fear of Prda-l
gogue before hi eyes, and having tooj
far given way to his leonine nature,!
forcibly resisted the teacher in his at-!
Bradford were sumniond for the prose- j l,
Washington, Thursday, Feb. 8.
Mr. Doolittle presented the creden
tials of John Poole, Senator elect
from North Carolina. Tabled.
Mr. Stewart offered a resolution,
which was adopted, instructing the
Judiciary Committee to inquire what
legislation is necessary to protect the
citizens of the United States in the
Territory of Utah in tbeir civil rights.
A bill was introduced amendatory
of the judicial system. Referred to
the Judiciary Committee.
The Senators elect from Colorado
were admitted to the floor by a vote.
The bill for extending time for
the withdrawal of goods from the
public stores and warehouses was
taken up, but the -expiration of the
morning hour prevented final action.
Mr. Wilson introduced a bill to re
peal the act authorizing the settle
ment of claims against the United
States for property taken or destroy
ed by the army in the lately rebellious
States. Referred to the Committee
on Military Affairs.
The bill for the relief of J. B. Rit
tenhouse, Paymaster of the Pacific
Squadron, indemnifying him for the
loss sustained by the robbery of his
safe was passed.
The Constitutional Amendment in
relation to representation was taken
up. Mr. Lane of Indiana made a
speech iu favor of it.
Mr. Lane spoke at some length when
further discussion was postponed un
til to-morrow.
The bill enlarging the powers of
the Freedmens Bureau, with the
House amendment, was reported from
t,e Judiciary Committee. All the
amendments by the House, except
that restricting the operation of
the bill to States in which the habeas
corjitts was suspended in Feb. 1, 18GG.
were agreed to. and the bill then pass
ed. Adjourned.
The House by 1 12 against 29 pass
ed the bill setting apart "all public
"s lands in Mississippi. Alabama, Louisi
ana, florida and Arkansas for home-:
i stead purposes. No distinction is to!
An additional section was added
making the appropriation as bounties
for the destruction of the. enemy's
vessels during tho rebellion appliea.
ble to all cases. Also a new section,
that no part of the amount appropri
ated shall be paid in violation of the
act prescribing the oath of allegiance.
The bill then passed.
The Bankrupt bill was then taken
up and its various sections discussed.
A bill was introduced, giving threr
months pay to officers honorably dis
charged since the 19th of April, 18G".
Referred to the Military Committee.
The Confession of Starkweather.
In the evidence offered cn the trial
of Starkweather for the murder of his
mother and sister, there was an appa
rent want of motive for the commission
of the crime, and the counsel for the
accused took skillful advantage of
this defect to sustain the plea of insan
ity. This link in the chain of evi
dence is now supplied by the publica
tion in the Hartford Courant of a
confession made by the murderer, to a
former friend and neighbor, a few davs
after the crime was committed,, under
a promise that it should not be ust.-d
to his disadvantage.
Starkweather said that in the eariv
part of the week preceding the hoi;,i
eide, his mother came to Hartford and
executed a deed to him of the hon:.-.
stead. Previously (in 1862) she had
delivered to him a deed of a lot. con
taining sixty -three acres, though th.
deed had never been recorded. J;i
giving him the deed of the homestead,
she had required him to give in re
turn a mortgage note for fifteen hun
dred dollars in favor of Ella, his si.
ter. On the Saturday following, h
said, he went to I'oekville, and. secur
ing the Services of a lawyer there,
had the sixty-three acres of land, giv
en to him in 1862, and the homestead
which had just passed into his po.-s; s
sion. 'deeded by a warranty deed tu
Miss Emerett Campbell, of Manches
ter. This young lady, it appears, had
refused Starkweather's offers of mar
i iage, notwithstanding his earnest ami
repeated solicitations, and he 1.
formed an idea that her reiection ot
made on necoimt nF mm r- niAiw i Lie cult- n-.-i. J.. . c -
eution and Mr. French o Banv went 'No mineral lands are to be linbl, to ! b;1,-,.,.,l ,.,.,i;t; , u; ...
, ' J'H.JlLii
up to defend the teacher. The doctoi
being ealled to examine the -abused'
ooy, stated that he evidently wa
ty well punished, but he thought not
Auctions. Erastus Booth, a.
ministrator of the estate of "'te
B. Wing, late of Trov. sells hin.i
to draw It. 111 Wli:ilrin .C d.: . kiiIkm' nriiiiin'M- ..,,.,).... f -l. 1,1.1
. j -" ii 'uiiu, man, ami oossesse
.h,bez I mney, as administrator of tl.o j sulliciot strength to have fu!lv
estate oi Joseph .V 11 ill, late of Green
.,,!.! ... .f I'.. 1 ...1 .11 r
vuin uu in- iiiuim wiiouau not "iorm
ed an opinion," which was, "that he
wiui't licked half enough. "
Seeing what th" ineyitnbl.. ivsult r.f
, --- . v..v ..Mill VI
IU",L,U "i ---in.il. i ne roan was. ! atria must he. he nro-nt c,.,i
entry or settlement
i The House considered the Navv
pret-1 appropriation bill.
The Navv nniirniirintinii bill h-oj
quite what he deserved. An attempt j reported f,-,m U,e Committee of the
..a, ( ....Co.- iijun, nut a man 10 e. with amendments bm no Fm.,1
On his return home that evening
he stopped at Mr. Campbell's house
and gave the deed to Emerett as
stated in her testimony). When he
reached his own house he told his
mother what he had done, and s!
und was needed he could execute it
with great precision and appropriate
ness. Perhaps this was his peculiar
forte. Certainly few men, lawyer or
minister, could excel him in such work
nrinr to tli t-ir 1..,,. 1
11 tlie church wanted drawn no n-ti.-h
into operation. 279 persons were re r m i , 1
n .... l1;0113 ot faith and a covenant, etter. mis-
committed to jai in Port and : durin- 1 '
. of . ' uu "-c. or charges against an offendim
the nine months following only 135, ,,1,,.,. . ..
t., -i .. .. a,n a lusioj, or a result
mu, una,: ot tliose were 0f i-omicil. of coiirso Dea
iiluor ueaiers, punished for violation
haps they are also getting to use too
extensively heavy beers and ales.
As we have evidence every day that
they are the main" source of crime
people ought to take warning as to
how they touch them and to whom
they offer them."
A very important aad mighty testi
mony on the relation between intem
perance and crime is that which is
furnished by the declarations of iudes
and other official persons. Many of
iuo mosi eminent English judges have
spoken emphatically on this subject
Lord Bacon long ago said :
"All the crimes on the earth do not
destroy so many of the human race,
nor alienate so much property, as
drunkenness." J
Judge Hale after twenty rears pt.
r.ie"C.e,a"d Pbscrvation declared-
xnut nan the murders, and man
slaughters, and buro-laHPQ t.w:
and nots, tumults, adulteries, fornica-
u0, xa-s, ana other great enormi
ties were divided into five parts, four
would be found to be the result of
Judge Crampton, on the testimony
of his own experience and observation
declarpd that Tt, '
. iW summon use OI
intoxicating liquors is one of t h
nay, the chiefest of the chief causes of
iuc c-iiuies, me misery, the poverty,
ukuimw ui mauKinu. it 13 im
possible to look into any circle, how
ever respectable, without tracing to
the exciting effects of intoxicating
liquors almost all the evils which have
been inflicted on society."
Judge Gurney at Carmarthen sai J :
.p ii ...
ot tne prohibitory law. Similar re
sults occurred everywhere, under a
thorough and persevering enforcement
of that law, and if the law were vigor
ously enforced in Vermont, our jails
would have rooms to let, instead of
being crowded to overflowing, as some
of them now are.
These facts, to say nothing of half a
dozen columns more of the same sort,
which might be produced if neeess
must doit. If the town wanted a
petition to be presented to the Legis
lature, or to the court, or any other
paper for public use, Mr. Cummings
was the man to write it. Perhaps on
more than one occasion have officials
at a distance, reading with admiration
and surprise, one of the papers he had
written, enquired where they found up
in that new country, -a man of such
i great uproar and consternation in
,u,'n ! the school room, and a smart battle
aild ; lrtuvll til,, mlfliiu '1'!, . . I" . .
-.v. .. x v i'uuh.-. in- it-a net
prosecution finally
withdrew the suit, when a collection
was taken up which paid ail the ex
penses to which Miss Bat dielder had
oeen sui.icetcu. and bmice ";!i,.!,)
action was taken.
lhe House considered the Bank- i censured him for doing what she on,-
l'ln-vt lull , I
"i" .: iiOii ceu to lie a verv too i n.-t
ie was a long debate on the an-' evoreso-d W.1F ;,,
i i ..... -vt c-iuji aims.
propmtioa for the Peusaeola navy i Some further conversation nf n?!
i excited character ensued, which re
finally agreed i su ted in his mothe's .r,,;,,,, .,,,, ,,,.4;,,'..
upon appropriating $20,000 for the the deed and note 1 which " ii
- .run
An amendment wa
' olieivd lint f'i!0-iiir lr n!.li
, . . , , , . ) 1 - ? - . ... 11 uiiih 1 1 1 11 1 v
lllll'. w.tll- I o, ...-.. I ......I . .. ... 1 '
iailwu U11U P'-oonui prop-ji.is .k1
ertv J- el). 22.
pupii, ana perhaps, m some wav
make himself amenable to law. kept
his temper, and in the end tln-v mutu
ally gave UP. the contest, the te:ielw
power, and sense of propriety. He
prove beyond all d spute, that intern- turc iu ' "
perance is a powerful agent in produc- and , 8 , 8. of , -s
ng crime, win e temperance tends no also represented the town-! j Z
less powerfully to diminish it. We in , 8r- P, , ' ,ot"1"1
Will nn,c; , , ,U 183 ailJ CIl!'lC3 1812, ai.d ill
. i.amn iiia,i iiijiiu as scttieu. i
Bi; Thing. The town of Albany
lie.- tl.o pi-cc-cn -nr,.c.. ;,. ,lv,.
nations to ministers the snug little sum
of seven hundred and sixty four dol
lars. This cannot be beaten by any
town of the same population in the
state. She has given all her ministers
a benefit and now the citizens feel like
fish, out of water: they don't know
what to do next. The other day a ve
ry grave and sedate looking individu
al drove through the town, and about!
half an hour after some one started ! U'adK'1' is th:it I,t 'd
authority therein- greatly impaired,
and the "lion" unconquered.
The citizens of the village, howev-
icr, desiring that the t-:iel.ei- .!,,.,,!,!
. . ! ' M'F.UII
be fully sustained and the order of
society nyiintained. brought the oil'end
er -before Justice Pariin. wh-re he
plead guilty and was Amm! Cm- dol
lars and costs.
'Ml , , .
1 ne only Oiame atta-ln
of 1.' ... 11 , . , .. .. 'eri!ine!it property; in her nossession i ..,nl i4.,.;., t
:s,,. neseuieu ner. iu Penal! ot the at Peusaeola navy vn.-d i ' tT. , "4
; ladies of the district with a et o'' i ' ' , , . "P hi his j.resence. High words fol-
- 1 11. 1 1 it 1 . witu i nt ox An amendment was adoptee prov - lowed -and I told her ' oi I . .,i t
,so ds,,y,r able spoons and butter ding that so much of 1 st section of act 1 wouhl W tvve ed ?Tl e &
, -ere hearty and true 1 ' ' c ? Uonoi ene-1 observed, rendered the deed he had
I a teacher who tea. lessiv done lit duty dV i , r Vli 'i f ,Vcn t0 Ca!ai'W1 totally value-
TI...T : .. ....... ' (1U' - "! dostiuction of vessels during the less.) -From t'.nt t .i.i...i
, i. - 1 11 - . , in tu Hill.
i i t I. ..a. II a
i n-1 IUIL IiUiiIl i . licV. I'
Frost, a Free-Will Baptist .Minister,
and an old school-teacher, then made
some very entertaining remarks, after
which the "meeting" broke up. all go
ing home in the host of temi.er. 'v-
...1 ii- .
leteiu leoellion. at the s.-iiii. ,-:itn i !... : .-.i. . , ..
- .t.nii nine oi me muruer. the idea
-in amendment was ndoofo,! tl,.it ; -s . .
i-.v. , Wi MlliilLT IllOlIlel ' JiOf t,,.,,-n
, w,uV apiiiopnaieu uy this Lull be , mind.' He said he tlmn-dn
cepting. perha
i1 rcc man.
fuller kuowledgi
the story that he looked some, like a
minister, and rather thought he was !
one. Chase was given bv some half '! lnfllct,,(1
not po-
eil a
our tatutes in
lid Ul'oyided. :in.l
"eh summary and severe
Two Custom 11 ou.se Oitreus
;F.ui!i.Y Beat. Custom house ofiVers
! Bingham. f Island Pond, ami Band, of
: Newport, suspecting a man in Charles
ton of having smuggled whiskey in his
: possession, proceeded together" to his
, house to investigate the offence. The
jsusjieeiea person, hearing of their
Orii;ie!i fi ii-t K i-it 1. - .' i .i
..v..v. ... a vliipueO tue w
stautlv ;
of it cih
all night Saturday, and Sun
day and Sunday night, and all the fol
lowing day, -and the more I thought
of it the madder I grew,' were the
ouis lie used. Monday ni ht
made up his mind to do the deed, a
a lavorable ooiiortnnitv m--
i uiu miui.i ov ine n moh.w tu . i.; l
urmnei. who made j boy.
juii-j ! iii'i-u iioiaiieu to taivC
:i 1 - .1 . n-
oieseiioeu oain oi oiuce.
The bill was then reported to the
House without final action. The bill
was laid over to to-morrow.
The bill establishing a uniform bank
rupt system was taken up
Mr. Jcnckes, who ha
gave wav to Mi
Starved Out The ministers in
this State are being starved out pretty
rapidly. Rev. George Bard, of Water-
ford, was dismissed week before last,
on the ground of inadequate support.
He has a family of five, and a salary
of only $.500. Rev. A. A. Barker, of
Cornwall, was dismissed two or three
weeks ago. He had a comfortable
salary before the war, but the advanc
ed prices of everything, made his sala
ry insufficient. His parishioners grew
rich, while he grew poor. Their
grand list doubled in five years, but
they did not double his salary, nor
even increase it. Now they have
starved him out, they cannot get a
man equal to him, without paying two
or three hundred dollars more salary.
We learn of several ministers in Or
leans County, who are undergoing the
same process, and we shall expect to
hear of dismissals pretty soon.
In the Legislature he was as
every where, modest and quiet, but
his sound judgment was highly es
teemed and influential. He did much
business for the town, some of it offi
cial, and a great deal of it extra-official.
On most difficult matters his
counsel was idisnensable : and fine n
was his prudence, uprightness, kind
ness, and soundness of judgment, that
he retained the confidence of all par
ties who consulted him. In a town
noted for its small quarrels, and for
petty mischievous jealousies and slan
ders, he was very seldom if ever their
bespotted object. In fact he was so
much above all around him in the ele
ments of moral and intellectual good
ness that their slime could not have
reached him, if aimed at him, and
would not have hurt him if they had
reached him.
ux "nat he was in his own family
e aie not qualified to speak.- We
only know that his wife was a worthy
a dozen individuals who succeeded i i 1 u'11' lu,ani 51 TO ll;m' vindicated his into a wash tub. i.laced tl... t.,i. ,..i
in a
overhauling the stranger in Wolcott. i W".a",,i0rit-v' Irlt :i 'i'aad : tiie. eaves, put up a spout, threw
1astinf inqirc.ssiun on the offender.
n:iil Hint m..l.. i
i i "iu'ii- i u-i umui- ioo
; eo..enient .Monday. ( )n
ike a
i i- beers, who dove down into cellai
came ine of-
He was promptly hailed and asked if
..- asu i a minister : lie reo led that i v..,.w-. 'r,
1 ii. mere was
in- .1 ill 1 1 1 1 1 i inr iiu T.!-v... i ... . .1
l""u ",n "l'-L nuL si 'vsiiug ia ease in this village ja.f : the garret, under the bed into
grandfather used to preach. The self j w'k- G. Hale, Ksq.. of Watci.: ti,c cupboards, elosets A-e li'n ,.
lord, drew a quantity of wood to ,,e ' whisky appearing, ihev begnVd iw
Cokeley of this place, for whi-h he , "i pardon and left 'the premises
was to pay so per lv,.-d. Two dif-, 'catly mortilied.at the rudeness their
ferent wood surveyors w.-re brought I suspicions had led them into. The
on measure the wood, ami both j lua" Wls lelt m possession of a
uiuue u anont two cords less than tin
seller did. Mr. Hale claimed pav foi
the amount accordimr to ln' ,..,..,'
iil-l.U 1 t",
t his
r. R
appointed committee then told him it
was sufficient, and if 1
7 . . . r u 1 4. mill
back with them the town of Albany
would give him a rousing donation, as
they had some loose property left vet.
The last we heard from them they
were still parleying.
Towx Bounties. The following
amounts were paid by the several
towns in this county to the soldiers
enlisting to the credit of such town.
It is the sum total mid bv each town
during the war:
Thekext State Fair. At a meet- companion of such a man, and that
"ig oi tne JJoard of Directors of the slranSers always found there a very
Vermont State Agricultural Society, model of hospitality, intellectual enter-
i.iiius rails, January 31st raiumeui Koa breeding, order and
ii was ieu to hold the annnnl Tir S0Clat happiness, and that his ei,;i.
September 11, 12, 13, and 14, 1866 dren and Wren's children hold his
aviauoodall,Lsq.,0fBrattleboro, mein01T ln great esteem and honor,
was elected a Director iu place of Ue owned and occupied a farm, and
xutuarajjraaiej, resigned. The con- also turned ms hand to surveying,
tiitions for the Fair were accepted bv aud to the mechanical arts. He
vniteliiver Junction, Vergennes, teugW surveying to young men, and
rauieooro, Kutiand and Bellows lo hls ffn sons, making for himself
Falls. The Board adjourned to meet and cach of thcm, the instruments
at JMiddlebury, February 20th, to de- needed in the CIaft, including the com-
termine the location:
Our thanks ar duo ti t '
tus Baxter, and Lnl- p vZ 'S
nnU:. j." . ' AU1"iu ior
uocumcnts-to the forme
2r gen
tleman for a ;ucerg(
M uui I ill tar -v i - -
The first apple was eat u .
first nftir - " J iae
X" .
pass. W e presume that many pro
ducts of his handiwork may be found in
the families of his neighbors and de
scendants. We should like especially
to see a very-neat and useful handled
box that he used to make. We men
tion this because it wa3 somewhat of
a public institution, having been used
by his family, and other families for
carrying their dinner to rneetin
Salem, "
30,043 00
C60 00
5,770 00
17,811 64
13,464 42
11,100 00
17,172 13
22,256 40
No returns.
4,938 00
660 00
2,200 00
5,925 00
15,695 01
174 50
7,073 97
2,271 50
Donation ix Irasburgh. The
friends of Rev. Mr. Fowler in Iras
burgh assembled at the Methodist
chapel on last Wednesday evening
and gave him a donation of about
$130, after paying all expenses.
Oil The Newport Oil Company
have had an offer from a Boston Com-
nanv for thoir tiroll l r, , .
I J " " uwnu U3 uiaCK S
well) and M. J. Black is now in Bos
ton to close the sale whereby the
stockholders double their investment.
This is considered a better dividend
than the members of the "celebrated"
Green Mountain Petroleum Company
especially those known as the "inner
circle" are likely to receive.
...I "1 . -I 1 , . ' -
une oKeiey tendered pav for only
the surveyed amount. ' Meantime
Cokeley had used 1 1-2 cords of the
wood, but Hale claimed ho. had used
3 1-4 cords, and took the residue of
me wood irom Cokelev s door
... .... i , . . '
oM-ifv men orougut an action of
trespass against Hale for taking
the wood away, and made his writ re
turnable before Justice Howard at th J
othce ot v. A. Pierce, Esq. Hale
then brought his action for the won,
which Cokeley had used, made return
able at the village two days before
v.oiveie s action was made returnable
here. Whereupon Cokeley yielded to
iiaie s demands, and tendered him $7
per cord for the wood he had used, ac
cepting Hale's measurment of 3 1-4 in
stead ot 1 0-8 cords. On the trial of
ooKeiey s ease, the mrv allowed rnl-
ley the price claimed" by Hale, and
estimated the quantity according to
iiuie s measurement, na n-o
' - uuuei-
stand. in other words. Hale: 1
ins own wood at $2 a cord more than
he sold it for, and paid for SOlTlf tn-n
i . . -" v
coros more than there actually was
So the biter was bitten Caledonian,
uiu lull ot hrst rate whisky, with the
prospect ot several drunks at the ex
penseof tin; officers. Vermont U
man ami
ri! moth.!,- .iv.,1
ome personal explanations relative' to a verv late ho, "LT . "P
.'cch a few days since, and re-! onentl, ' .:,, , :; " , 11 1.
i . . iniu;iuiin.-u uj oo. loward
1 to some strictures made liv:,,,,,,,,;,' ..i,. . , . '.. JIU
Mr. Rosseau. T " " " rlwk iM ,10u
Afelv'ee ,.f r w , , : tUlu,iu'i-and lie toon: tin-axe from
-ULJVee Ot K eiitiieL-- wo l.l I... i i , . .
.ud been reported jT ; T
tuSv one' r1 Ti?7 -mediately struck
Mnrln.lLn 1 l! -.V ' U"WS Ul)Qii t!i"
,II1VIVU , umi statement, axe. and ,, ,1.
in so doing
I ter Klla. who was lying it
with the
tattled his sjs.
i the back
vision T'L 1 1! :loJ.ed? and she sprang uM
It was then consider in! Z eC'tto Vt r";
but no final action taken Pn , , Ut' awakli1
On motion the night sessions were ! tal - 'VrT " 7
postponed until Tuesday I ' i ? 1 kll0ck liL"r 111 lhl-'
Theft axd Jail. A man nnri b,-
Iaborers of Albert Hoffman, in TsWi
Pond, in a recent settlement with
their employer claimed that they were
not fully paid, and according orW.
ed a plan of helping themselves, n
1.1 , . -' " VlHj
nignc last weeektney slipped into Mr
Hoffman's shed, and carried off two
hams and an axe. Blackston f II SO1 tr
call such a proceeding stealing and
tne law writers ot to-day, it seems sus
tain Blackstone's views. The old
man, who took the hams, undoubtedly
considered it stealing, because h
forthwith made himself scarce in -those
parts, leaving the boy to explain the
affair to Mr. Hoffman and the officers.
But the boy failing to invent a proper
explanation, was lodged in St. Johns
bury jail last week. Union.
State Reform School. Rev. A. L.
Pease xf the commission, in a recent
article in the Chronicle, announces the
policy of the Commissioners, in refer
ence to the school. He states that
(hey intend rst, to "begin small."' even
smaller than the present actual want
of the Mate, with room for enlargement
as the necessity for it shall be devel
oped. Second, to study simplicity. Noth
ing more imposing than a substantial
neat thrifty farmhouse and farmin-r
establishment, will meet tl
ine passer by, as he enquires for the
State Reform School.
lhird, to make the school ia
1,-1 n , i"UV.lJ
like a family and as little like a orison
as possible; to make it if possible a
home, from which the child, j,oii
not wish to run a wav. wliila ,w
gctmg additional securities; to make
uucuuon a leadinsr idea, n., o
, 7 u u. tutaiia
T as an e cment ot improvement and
retorm; to have the hnt nf uu , 4u,
oet oi nientnods, the best of
ments m the art of teachin
"Pino 11 1 U
'""""i eommissionni-o -,..
to have a better farm than iJ,i
by any other reform school in New
umuu, and to make fa.rmi,.r
Principal occupation-of the bo'ys.
" uicuman.
l he bill for the improvements of
theiiarbors on Lake Erie, in tho tt
of Ohio was introduced and referred L-rtt
to the Committee on Commeree
A fc.MART Or.n Ar
nr , uaoi
A- uuer, oi snemeld, over 80
f4" um' cnoPPctt 1 cords of wood.
r11 uuiuier ne worked for G L
Mathewson, receiving $30 a monthand
earning tlie money. Will those pa
pers which have been branrinr nlil
-vim meu i u years old chon
ping a cord of wood a dav i
note this ease down. 1 ao lo
Fire The dwelling house of W
aV? f Barton Landing wis"
njured by fire last Thursday mornS
Loss about $100.
Washington-, Feb. !).
Mr. Guthrie presented the creden
tials of Mr. Houston, Senator elect
Irom Alabama for the hort term,
Mr. Davis offered a resolution for
the appointment of a committer to in
vestigate charges attains t r,nv,.r,mni
cotton agents, which was discussed
OV Alessrs TlovJj -r-.
, - ""o, cuciuian, resssen
ded and rn,,i ....
- i, wU" u.i. neri mo 1,-ini.n.
oig nour expired.
1 lie Resolution to amend thn n.
oiiiuuon was taken up.
Mr. Johnson spoke against it
At the conclusion of Mr. Johnson's
remarks the Senate adjourned.
n-u Tr
aihj -uouse concurred n tl, Q00
o 1 , . . '"x v-uaw;
:uiu t0 the Freedmen's Bu
'tau um.
The Honsp ft,
n V p'oceeuea to act
, 1Uj auu concurred in the
report of the Committee on the Wholo
J aguiUSt- 013
"CPiatr f $?98W for mach ne
shops in the mala building at fl
Brooklyn avv Ynt- ni,o
ior machine shons
lvcws wei'e stricken out.
H,i G TTal appropriation bill
"iu cuasiaered.
' I ' ! i if a A -f
000 for th . , ?l 1U-
month V. v PPsite the Ports
S,Sf7 lards retained. All
"v lw,ua lor uie Boston Navy Yard
were retained, exemt ion nn
inrough the vard nnw i .?
ctiy of Chadcto; 6' Z
wik and Pensacola Y
toall others for those "
i i
t . V . 1 , i I . .
neuu m onier to nut her nut of tl,..
way, that she might not be a witness
o in? crime attain st. hi,, T. ..,). .
w njdai
un work, he used the ave f, i,-
and stabbed Ids i,t,i ,.-:.i. . i
Kmle. Having done this much, he
says he knocked his head no-n,".. ti
wall, and made a bruise n l,;, r,.,.,.
head, and on the side of his face, and
then took his jack knife from his pock
et and cut his shirt and brea-t so
that the story he had decided to tell
relative to being assaulted bv two
men, might be believed. After thi
in order to cover up his crime, he set
lire to the beds, particulars of the find
ing of which appeared iu the test;,,,-!,,.
on the trial.
Henry Wilson, oHlTnsiuirtth. has
ost another cow by congestion of the
ungs Mx cows, in a herd of forty,
have died of the same disease.
H. J.Parker, of Jericho, charged
with having one more wife than the
law allows, is held in the sum of $5000
for trial.
Receipts for the Standard.
i.evi Glidden, Craftsbury,
S. R. Corey,
P. Owen, G'over,
F. F. Bean, "
R. W. Pcabody, St. Jobnsbnry,
R. M. Harvey, Troy,
L. H. Delano, Albany,
H. Williauis, Greensboro
A. N. Stewart, Cabot,
L. L. Sanborn, Hardw-ick,
M. W. Davis, Brownington,
"Wm. Edmonds, Irasburgh,
E.J. Guild, Joliet,i:i.,
B. F. Emerson, Barton,
Laura Humphrey, Brownington,
Mofics Blake, Derby,
Edson Lyon, Charleston,
J F. Taylor, Barton,
B. SI. R. Nelson, Barton,
Orleans County Temperance Society.
The Orleans Countv Tpmnpi-m k.;.
t i 1 - - r-.....vv wvi,n.i, mil
lold its annual session at Glover- on Fri.i pnh.
roury 23, commcncini? at 10 a Ar t? u t.
Cashing of Barton, and Rev. P. H.White "are
expected to be among the speakers.
Committee of ArranpemetUs. John Crane E
B. Simonds, Rev. S. K. B. Perkins.

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