Newspaper Page Text
u.?r.ance of the Soi,s of Vermont,
,1 . - , . ; , nr. AnAuarftcroretiie vennontHistoncaiSociety - ' . . . . . . BY REV, S. It. HALL. Every citizen of Vermont, whether - 1 viuiuui, "iiviuvi ultivation of the soil, or to other industrial pursuits, is in- tCreStcd in AvliatPVPr ndl tn t.llP TTUt- terial prosperity of the Common- iire owij; wnijj uuioui ui the ocean, and having no natural water communication with it. pveent tliroudi ... 7 foreign territory, has been and must , continue to be devoid of facilities for .. commerce. 011 wnicu me oiner -ew Lngland States depend for a larze measure of their thrift and prosperi tr. Jut in the benevolent arraucrcment.- ' oi'thc Creator, a Cw;ciiVm is found 1 in the unequalled productiveness 0! . Dcr soil and character 01 iier rocks. If vrc may rely 011 the accuracy of the . statistics, gathered by the agents for t collecting the facts of the census, we shall find the products of no equal ; number of acres of arable land in any of the United States, so abundant as in our own State. The products of the dairy may be . exceeded in a single county of New York, wIiltc the ontiro vetourc ol . the soil are devoted to this branch of business : and the same may be true of some other thhigs in other parts ol the country. But no portion of Ver mont is wholly devoted to any single branch of agricultural industry. When it is ascertained that more cat tle and horses are reared, more but ter, cheese and wool are produced, more hay. oats, corn and potatoes are raised, than from any other equal ex tent of cultivated land, while other crops, as wheat, bai ley, rye, hops, Arc. are not delicient, we may enquire for the reasons of the remarkable pro ductiveness of the soil, which lays the foundation for results like these. Is the sugar crop accounted for by the number and size of the noble forest trees which produce it? This will" lead to still another inquirv Whv is the maple found so much more ahund- ant and prolific, than in the other States of similar area or latitude? . The answer to this, as in other things, must be found essentially in the character of the soil itself. It is no doubt true that the peculiar excellence of the horses and sheep ol Vermont, and the unequalled crop oi wool per head is, in part, attributable - to skill in those who rear animals, and to the excellence of breeds. Lit it is pun irue mat excellence 111 hreeels cr skill in rearing, lias no patent; to limit either to our commonwealth The climate may indeed favor excel lence in giving geographical location, --hut it cannot be the primal cause ol chief excellence in any of the produc tions of our State. Dr. Hitchcock says, "the rock.- S oi Vermont are the most difficult wit! which 1 have ever attempted to grap ple; but they have taught me many .. . 1.1,. i 1 .1 . J u. Kim.iwiu lussun, auu as iu tiieir eeo- noiincal value. I have been imnn-sspi ,:.i. , m . ,. . ' : w.ui louovMug .acts: rirst, and " " ' c,.,, wu n.iniv we liave discovered the reasoa whv Vci ment so excels all the other New Eng land States in the agricultural eapa biiities.of its soil. It is the existence, in almost all of her rocks, of lime in such a state that natural processes bring it out iu just about the quantity needed by vegetation. This is the case 111 many parts of the State where the inhabitants hardly suspect the ex l.teiicc of ume, and those parts of the State most fertile are iust the olace where lime is most abundant and de composable. This is a treasure which Providence has hidden in the earth and provided for its elimination at the right time and quantity, a'..d it is of far more value iu my estimate, than all the other subterranean wealth of the State ; yet I had 110 suspicion of its existence and use till a late stage in this survey, excepting on the west side of the G reen Mountains." The single fact to which Dr. II. alludes, as occurring to him not till a late period of the survey, superintend ed by himself, was as familiar to the writer during the first years of the Geological survey commenced by Prof. Adams, with whom Prof. Thompson and myself were associated. Dr. Hitchcock, in the remarks just quoted, assigns the prominent reason ior me exuberance of the soil of Ver mont, but not the oniv reason. C 1 .1 ... oeeiai other thmo-s . combine produce the ,.mt r:.rrri "llUb,mm there Stntn nf -n ,. , " - i ...w hi il 1 1:111: ill' : ino I nr.; .i,i...;,... . A , . . . r v. 1 iiuiuiu lar-a iuve t ii Tho Tshnl. "Z 'Z'Z lT" v. t .iiuu ill" :i 1 i u nw tnfinin.,.,, . 1: i i r.i . -r-x..v jiii the on er nf t hen. ;,r,., . ..ut, v IMjra I Ul LI I i I 111 I I 1" 1 H I T l r1 r Jo tlie character of the rnl-a t Vermont is to be a8crilr ) .. P ,, i - nent reason for the (nvnt r.von,.,. her ml ti ii " iui mere is not enough lime m her Jici soil. Ihis exce ence. hnu ev..r ;J,r, o;f i ... r . . . . not to be ntt,.;i i i ' " , . Us,lZ l . J -'"winumujireaier ancaues, but not in 1 inc. New YmU Or I P R H nrniinpluu, l . ... jmv. ..n lailUS - i-r". vi Luruonaie oi eii.i ilK. : i- i , ' ' Ste.l , -- v, viiiiiii hi I I III ll I ll- o IjTi I on Hie .i;nn n .. i- Which snvptf itfutlni.j ji. ii l . . - "v-iv. JlliU 0-r iub umroie oi 1. 1 rj. . M""-' w w m a'ddsd nuditoZ value of theTne wou S Stf posc by the the action of air rain, more rapidly than thoT granite and srLibV " T?.. would, therefore, receive butTiUle ad. dition to its productive power dur- n nig a very long period of time l?nt o , .. . ?? . . Vi v ,ai proportion of the llnnsfAiin rP 'I. A Clt.i. .. iimesioiic oi me fctate s rf ..!.. as inarblc, while several '.i varieties of uur biraiaiiea. rocks, . known under me name ot "calcareous mica slates " contain many per 'eeut of lime, and enough to supply all of that Snl , "1 , required for an exuberant soil I r-4 i v.iaiRL' utuuminaieu bv Adams7 pn ...vnr.no for statuary, and as a building stone mica l-tte ; r caJcaieous its capacity to pnNt n, : i . ' 1- e- slIl-'ious limestone, runlL -us and hornblende schists . v r, -milj IIS 7H II I f i I If V III tf liA I , ' . 11 j able influence ia aid V tl e V T tlC'' cacn 01 WIllch contains, not only tivenes, n7 ' T Ijroauc- '"any per cent, of lime, but al so, much i.'vii. .ini ! oiini'vi.i.i i - i . x r - i in sulphuret of iron, so united with them as to favor rapid decomposition, tnem as to lavor rapid decomposition, I ... - ' when shsrhtlv exposed to air. frost, !, w 1 rnin. pff.. Tina ranid disintporrntinn I - - - -w- I -m.w-m. rain. etc. ims rapia disintegration of the rock not only supplies the need- ed amount of carbonate of lime, but 1 V'ilir!ltp nf-llmn Anil . . .1 , .1 ed amount 01 Carbonate of limp, but both silicate of lime, and sulphuric acid, by which a portion of the lime is uuiu cuitn. jl liiinr, cllJU CU1JH1U11U changed to an imperfect sulphate or InrrnSUnk in a KtntA trt a tnl'nn im 1iv ZfX llTl llV the vegetation seeking its appropriate uiuiuicut 1IUII1 iiiu KUll. Ill SUIlie 111 i. iijuviniv 'r iiiuiv v-v- tation; but such effects are limited to small areas, and the influence soon ceases The area wlicre the rocks are es- entiallv of the character iust ele- scribed, is large, embracing most of Orleans county, a part of Essex coun ty, nearly all 'of Caledonia, a lare part of Washigton, all of Orange, and most of Windsor and Windham. Small portions of some of these are within the limits of the talcose slate region, in whieh but very little lime stone occurs, but iu which both clay and mica schists are found to a limit ed extent. The counties west of the moun tains abound in limestone, sandstone and shales, the latter containing con siderable amount of lime, and in many places undergoing constant, though not so rapid decomposition, butwhLh, in connection with other causes here after to be specified, aid in the pro ducing a soil of great fertility. On the east side of the mountains. the limestone proper is so interstrata-. rieet witii clay slate, or schist, that alu mina is furnished to the soil in the proportions needed to make it more retentive, and less liable to be in juriously affected by drought than a soil composed essentially of decompos ed limestone would lie. The few towns, like Corinth and a part of Chelsea and Uarnard, where there is a deficiency of argillaceous slate, ex- '.:! :,. .1 ... ', .uuu 1 ue consequences mat would be . almost universally observable east of . 1 me mountains, where argillaceous schists of slates are less predomi nant. A soil composed entirely of pure limestone, containingits usual elements would be so deficient in other essentia ingredients, that il would not be very productive;. l'Jants require alkalie phosphates and other ingredients. 1 lie ashes of Indian corn for example show silica 3S or 39 percent., potassa auout in per cent., phosphate of lime 17 per- cent., phosphate ot magnesia about 14 per cent., and less than three per cent, of carbonate of lime. In 1000 lbs. of wheat will be found 21-4 pounds of potassa, nearly 2 Impounds 01 soda, less than one pound of lime nearly 1 pound of magnesia. 4 pound il silica, and ol alumina, sulphuric aci phosphoric acid ami chlorine from one tenth to hall a pound each. In 1000 pounds of the straw of wheat will Ik found a trace of potassa and soda less than three pounds of lime, a trace of luucrnrsiii. alumina, sulnhurio uci and chlorine, and nearly 2 pounds ol nhrwt,!., .-;,. o,.;.i t :....... ... ' ,v- "v-"-'- i-mic-ciueis mrjroiy into the stalks of the potato, beir,-- iu pounds 111 1 000 pounds ; inclovei nu j pounus, and aiout the same m the stalk of the pea. It will be readily perceived, there iwiv; uuu uie toil, 111 order to bo ii-o- duetive, mu.t contain other element.- besides lime. A table will be fouiu in me ucoiogieal Keport page 72G liowlnu' i li n number. v. 1, potassa, soda, &c., contained in 1000 pounds of Avher,t, barlev, oats, peas beans and potatoes ; also the amount ol various e lenient m hinibvum.b - - - ' ... i ' V IUIIUUC ' . 1 . i . n i . , , 1 uie suuw oi wueat, barley, oats, and various kinds of grass, from which it will be seen that silica is more abun dant than lime, in most of the vecta n... i . . . . 1 . 1 V uies we euiuvate, except in some of the grasses, and potato stalks. It wi be seen, that however valuable mav be the limestone of our State, iu pro moting me exuberance of soil, other rocks and other things are not with out importance. Among these tliin" .1 . l- . i .i . . V . " ' ine uip oi me strata, and the variety in surface, the hills and the mountains doubtless have an important effect. The grasses of our hill nnrl vn,.in. --..m j.v llliUll tain pastures, contain elements favora ble to the growth of muscle, and the production of fat in cattle, sheep norscs. that could never be expected in the Western prairies, or any level tract of country. The rocks of Vermont, if fbnn.1 h. Illinois or Indiania, would affect the nl. .,..., .t, t. ... n . . , ruin tiioi- a r. our own state, and nnnw nnt ,n .... .. - v'u,v "--iAiiiuL-u so essentially naru 10 ??reat productiveness. 1 , I J . . 1 jo ii asKuu, wjiy our sister t'ltP T. .. . t-1 -Laie, ACW lianiPSl"re, should not have a L,..:i n.. . .. i . . lZ i "v "luuumiuuua . ii isrernied Li. : ji . . 1IILP"eu rocivs 10 lurmsh the n?a PPT- . Granite is rich there, mav be equally productive xvUh i-Anausiuu, uecause me granite decom- IT - andV, not C, nvhni., - , ,m i. ,j w supplies cjuul lo tlio cxliauslioii o I1U 1. The variet es nf rvl- v v vt llL f CllilUIlI. 7 fWaniteand gn,oisT in a S!? . mp- an unstratafied ' ueie must 01 course be less re- 1. 9 P0Slti with regard to 7 7T 7 1 . s?l!' in thc valIe-v of the YUIlULl,cot river, was to a considera OlC extent, deriveil fi blc extent, derived from the II region of Veraiont and Canada, and in early periods was equally exuber ant. But it lacks tksnsnnni;no,nlM, are being constantly furnished by the uwiuwgraiion of the reJcks of Vermont; and hence the difference in Crniont ' and hen' , .Pjessent exuberance of the soil; suipnuret; oi iron, are fbnnr. niVi Vermont '13 that very large tracts now cultivated were, at a geological period cultivated were, at a eolooncal nenod ' o o r - not verv remote, the bottom of ixmds. 1 7 ' lfl-a nr fVio .oor. rf tU 1 tlllJ SLA. 11. UUIjU U A. V V lakes or the ocean. Much of the present valley of Lake Champlain was covered with" salt water so recently 1. KH O II 1 I 3 rnv-prprl with nlr watsi- en rAomitlv that the shells of inollusks are found abundantly in the clavs and sands, II1U.I UlU S11C11S ot moiiusii more than a hundred feet above the I nrocnnr onrhiPn .f fha Ti'ntnr I li 11 .............J .' . i i . C it. K n jjicotiiii suuaw ui uic a.iui. x u c w liuiv lue, uvuvo vfl. 1111.11 ui V llV 11 ix the State Museum, was found 60 feet above the level of the lake. "ff 1 ( Jl A l A ll l whale, the bones ot which are now in Cjj. -r r i en jvj. Much of the present cultivated land along the lake, having been so recently covered with waters of the ocean, has been permanently enriched thereby, n.,:...r, ei,:t,i Ti Portions of Franklin. Chittenden. Ad dison and Rutland Counties, and the whole of Grand Lie, share in the bene fits which have occurred from the over flow of salt water. Several of the rivers that discharge their Avatcrs into the lake, have their head branches at considerable dis tance 011 the cast side of Green Moun tain. It will be readily perceived, that quite large tracts of land on the Winooski, Lamoile, tind Missisco riv ers, were at one period covered with water, and that these lands are the bottom of former lakes of considera ble area. The surface of the waters of Lake Memphremagog were, also, several hundred feet above the present level, and the low lands of Orleans County arc in the bed of the former lake and have been greatly enriched thereby. The same fact may be asserted, with regard to large tracts of inter val on the borders of White river and its branches, and the other streams in the more southerly portion of the state. Many thousand acres of land now un der cultivation iu the states, on the banks of Cohne-cticut, as well as on the lakes and rivers before mentioned, having been once the bottom of lakes and ponds, have been equally enrich ed thereby ; and being to some extent still annually overflowed bv waters - V.I.VIT Ult O which contain the enriching elments derived from the rapidly decomoosin- rocks on the surrounding high land, that exuberance which has character ized them, will continue, to a consider able extent. The combination of so many things favorable to the soil of the state, may reasonably account for its great pro ductiveness, not too strongly express ed by Dr. Hitchcock, in the remarks before quoted. "We think we have discovered the reason,'' 1 1 would say reasons," why Vermont so excels :heother New England states in all. the agricultural capabilities of its soil.'' I might here close this essay. But we know that every crop grown, am eveiy animal fattened and sent to market, take awav as Mr. Jackson has wisely said, "a portion of the soil' itsell. 1 am unwiliug to close without a few additional remarks. The richest soil cannot alway maintain its exuberance', the pro ducts ot it, must diminish by constat cultivation. This las already become the experience of limnv tiivmepa hi th.- commonwealth. But" the beneficent Creator has not only provided for us. in erinemt, a soil ot unequalled exu Iterance, but has kindly provided for continuing mis exuberance, in the a most exhaust less beds of si.h.ionnu jK.-tt or muck In large portions of the states; a substance which contains all the enriclmio-m-ovu-ietii' ini-..liiti1r the type ol manures, as Mr. Dana I 1 v-wv.... VIUII,, terms it in his muck quantity of sphaguous muck, found in the beds of ancient natural ponds, and those made by the dams of beavers in former ages, is adequate to furnish al needed enriching properties to the sou, lor thousands ol years. Moi rt 'XjV - than half, probably three fourths of the towns in the state, abound in beds o uuigiious mucK, and many also in beds of shell marl, which when cal cined, a material that, when united withmuck,prepares it to be used on nnv soil, not only to equal .advantage as arn manure, but even greater j i . i wu&uo nine, produced by burning lmestone, is of nearly equal value with the lime produced by calcined , . . w x marl. I cannot fail to regard the sphaguous mucic, shell marl, and lime rock ofoui state, as its material wealth. So eve ry one will not only believe, but know, belore the end of a century from the iresent time. If the soil of the state deteriorates it will be the fault of those who cultivate it God knows what keys in the hu man soul to touch in order to draw out its sweetest and most perfect har monies. Thev mav be the minor strains of sadness and sorrow; they may be the loftier notes of joy and madness ; e,od knows where the mel odies of our nature are. and what, dis cipline will call them forth. Some with plaintive songs must walk in owty vales ot hie s wearv wav : nth- ers in jomer hymns shall sins? of not. h ing but joy, as thev thread the tain tops of life: but thev nil unite wimout a discord or ajar, as the as cending anthem of lovi mr find lioliVr hearts finds its way into the chorus of the redeemed in heaven. Mr. O'Flaherty undertook to tell how many there were at. tlio nartr uti.- j , -j. xiio two irojrans was one. mpsplf was two, Mike Finn was three, anel- anel who the elivil was four ? Let me see, (counting his fWer.O rim trn Crogans was one, Mike Finn was tven meself was three and bedad, thcr was lour ot us, but St. Patrick couldn't ten the name of the other. Vnw. it's meself has it. Mike Finn was one, the two Crogans was two, meself was mree ana and by my sowl, I think there was but three of us after all 1" "Dare are." sard a sablo dressing his brethren, "two roads 'tro' dis world. Dc one am a broad .ind narrow road dat leads to prediction, and de oder a narrow and broad rnn A dat leads to sure destruction.' -Tf dat am de case," said a sahlo bpnrpp "dis callud indiwidual takes to de woods. People who travel into cannibal countries are apt to be turned into Indian meal. " A Strange Stoey. Ten years ago Mr. was married to Miss - was married to Miss ...... For a time all went well with the hap- i npnoir Vm : wTiH'T.pr Tyrnmntad hv ln- I V arijt-A. KU 11VV"V f-r v w w V - py pair, but whether prompted by m- compatibility of temper or through the meddlesome interference cf rela- i! i " 1, t..n AUvmninAn-w, l-.i aiit UTip mpflfllpsnmp lnterferenoe. cif rela- tives or friends. 've chronicler know- eth not,' only that the demon of dis- cord breathed upon their young love, i . .1 j. tlniiAil na n ftnnrA. auu il witucicu ao a "unci utatu i nnH if nrif hararl QO a TlfYTO'tvi nOOt rl O All ILl O Vllllllll Ui vuvu. lilt".'-' a long story short, they separated, a little daughter was born, and then a di- -I. 1 1 1 1 winter schilling breath. And to maice L i x i j. r. jj vorce was obtained by which party obtained it matters not. Jb or nine years long, weary years they lived apart, never seeing, hearing from or i: e t. ii a j. spcaiiiug ui eacti uiucr, u,uu yew uulu remaining true to love's first bright dream. The little girl grew up and was taught to believe that her father was dead. She had never seen him or been seen by him. Ah, who shall say how often during those Ions?, dreary o c i yjars the father's heart yearned for me sight ot his child, and pined to hear the music of her voice. And the moth er the wife that was, was she happy ? Who shall tell? Well, on the day before yesterday the lady, accompani ed by her little daughter, walked in to a business house in this city, and met hirn who was once her husband, the father of her child coming out. They stooel face to face, the first time since their separation nine years ago. Both stopped and gazed fixedly into each other's face. The father" then turned his eyes to the child, and stoop ing down suddenly, caught her in his arms pressed her passionately to his bosom rained a shower of kisses up on her face ; then placing her on the floor lie gave one glance at the"moUier and turned to go. Hearing his name called in a low tone, he turned ! One look, and they were in each other's arms. They were left alone for a few moments by the considerate kind ness of the parties present. Then a hack was called, and in thirty mini tcs from their first meeting they were mar ried . Memph is A va la nche. Management of Calves. We go in of course, for raising the bossy calves; particularly the good one?. It is beginning to pay. The best vay to do it is undoubtedly the natural one, but that is too expensive at the present n ice of milk and butter and cheese, ror the good of the cow and the economy of the process of raising, we say take the calf off immediately, but it must have its mother's milk for some das at any rate. It serves l oth as food and medicine. It ought i-lso to be given often and as regularly as possible, slowly as it would ret it from ' suckling, otherwise instead ol going to the fourth stomach where it would go naturally from the cow s udder, it will be lialrle to fall into the runen. t paunch or first stomach, and cause a disarrangement ot the digestive organs. This important point is too often over- - looked in bringing up calves by hand, t We let them iro too loin till thev.nre 1 uiinrrv- nml thou tli..,- I ' i.i j , uu 4iiv.il HlVJi ,UlJ Ui'Vtll the milk so rapidly as to injure them selves. Feed regularly three or four times a day at least, and begin with .- the linre mill.- rif th iPirvi A inin are in too much hurry to induce them to take solid food. Nature doesn't bring the first and second stomachs into use so early, and if solid food is taken it goes into them, and if they are not absolutely weakened in their functions, they are doubtless more or less injured. Professor Tanner says the best breeders in England give their calves liquid food at least eight or ten weeks. If the calves are of any pure breed it pays to give whole milk most of this time, as a resort to skim milk is apt to produce coarseness of bone. The calf must also have good shelter and a sufficient opportunity to exercise to develop all parts of the body. The treatment of calves is often cruel in the extreme. That won't pay. Mass. Plougltman. ri-ehS i liERJIAN Y. the Secretary of the Ohio Agricultural Society, who has been traveling in ucrinany, speaking of the country near Dresden, says : Every foot of land not in the for- rest is cultivated. There are no fen ces ; the field is plowed up to the road sides, and fruits and' flowers are grown by every roadside that I travelled; no one disturbs them. The cattle. sheep and swine are kept in stables, or, if taken out. under the charorc of n. shepherd or herdsman. Here and there, dotted over the landscape, we saw sheep in pasture but have seen no cattle or swine "running about loose '' The genus ''loafer" is unknown here. A Mr. Dodd, at Warren. 111., com menced on the 14th of January to starve himself to death, and he dip on the 27th, accomnlishinir his obiect in thirteen davs. For nine daws he tool neither food nor water. After that he took a little rice water daily, but was so weak that he did not rally. A San Francisco paper says that an honest miner from California should ered his knapsack one day and struck out ior Idaho. Me arrived there last spring and took up a quartz claim. A few days ago he sold his claim for ?S00,000 in gold. "Why do you drive such a. nitifnl looking carcass as that ? Whv rlnn't you put a heavier coat of flesh on him ?" saiei a traveller to an Irish cart driv er. "A heavier coat of flesh ! By the powers, the poor creature can hardly ;arry wnat little there is on him now !" A man named Aaron Bedhiiw nf Lewis County Ky., has petitioned the legislature to change his name. He says that his sweetheart, whoso namo is unva is unwilling that he should be called A. Bedbug, she O. Bedbug and tne little ones little uedbugs. . A physiological teacher havino- nut up ia his class room the device " Mens sana tn corpore sano, one of his young iaay pupus wrote under it: And women, $ also. What is worse than rainine- m'tnh- forks ? Hailinff omnibussea. -: w A Mr. SKINNER'S CASH STORE! 1 The undersigned would call attention to his stock - . ... . or goods, consisting 01 Prints, Xolo,izi.es. Plain and Plaid Alpacas, All Wool Delaines, WHITE & CHECK. CA.MBRtCSt MUSLINS. NUB S O I A HOODS, N T A G S , BREAKFAST S II A Wr L S , BALMORAL AND HOOP SKIRTS, BLACK BROAD CLOTHS, DOESKINS, FANCY CASSIMERES, SHIRTING FLANNELS. HATS AND GAPS, BOOTS AND SHOES, For Men's, Women's and Children's wear. READY MADE CLOTHING. Cicnt's Furnishing Goods consisting of Under shirts and Drawers, Nerk Ties, Cravats, Silk and L,inen Pocket Iland kertliiels, Gloves, Cot ton & Woolen XX OSS. Mi.llKic, 0,,j- pender. Linen and Pa per Collars, of all sizes, &e. A ! good line of West India Goods and Gro- I ceries, Kerosene Oil quality good and prices i CP All of the ftiwive goods he is anxious to exchange for ItECMS A'K, am! he will sell his goods as low as the lowest. JOHN E. SKINNEK. Barton, Dec. 25, 1SG5. WATCHES. JEWELRY. AND FAXCY GOO I)S. E. RAWSOX has now on hand a good as. i sortment of Watches, Jewelry, Clock Silver and Plated Wares, Spectacles, Cutlery and Fancy Goods, and is continually replenishing his stock with soods selected with care and bought for cash, which he otrers to the public at low prices. Of WATCHES he will always have a good assortment nnd war rant them good reliable time keepers. He has a good stock ot SHAVER A.NP PkATED WAREt consisting of Table nnd Tea Spoons, Forks, Tea Knives. Butter Knives. Fruit R'nirnc s-if Mustard Spoons, Cream, Gravy, Soup and Oyster jau.c, nuner v-ooicrs, iapKin liings, Castors 1111 iVli.-. VUKC D.ISKCIS, ftC. CLOCKS in good variety, both Pendulum and Lever, from JEAVELRY, consisting ot Brooches, Ear Jewels, Belt Pins and Buckles, Sleeve Buttons and Studs, Gent's i ii, luosomc niij,riue uoia Kings, Lockets, GOLD PENS. The celebrated Palmer & Bachelder's fine Gold i-cus aiways on nana, warranted 14 karat gold o'ici cAiensionnoiaeranu .Pencils. SPECTACLES Of the best nnnlities nf hnivc ov.,1 "i i called "Opticians." J "'c "m ujr ' one half the nnn f.r nrhiVh . i i i WATCH AND CLOCK REPAIRING aone in the best manner and warranted. Coffin j iuicb ior suns aim engravea in good style. CQIM JEWELRY made to order and warranted to be in superior Htvln lisirh in -n-l-m.i. i. 1 . ," , ,." ""'-"-iiii; nuu engraving. 10 the public I now make my bow ana solicit your Barton, Dec. 25, 1865. ,1V,, A. LUICER, HARNESS MAKER. Holds himself In readiness to attend to all calls m ins line, for Harness Making, Trunk Trimming, Valises or Satchels. . . Sofas Stuffed. or Trimmed, or any kind of repairing necessary CARRIAGES TRIMMED in the nicest manner, and all work done quicker and cheaper than at any other shop in the county. He refers with con fidence and pride to a large class of CUSTOMERS fornroof of what ht h Mt-A Etnlav ITa ........ down tor his stock and exacts cash for his wcrk ; ucuiii urns mr emaiicr pronts tnan those who do a trust business. sni,.;tH fWm. .v. (1H'l(4inf tftll-TlH pntl lnlhu..l.A 1 . - . I him he promises the bL .hT T ER vu i . ' . miiu . ' ,ui mr. Mr iimit.. i.vbp wiay. tablework. ' . - New JJaiton, Dec 25, 1864. j Vt, BOOTS, SHOES, AND CLOTHE THE McClary Bro's Are still holding forth at their unparalleled n Boot, Shoe and Clothing Store, NEWPORT, VT. Where they will be happy to sec every one who may desire to look over their large and extremely well selected stock of Goods. They have in their store everything . that man or loy may deire to . wear at any season of the year. They have COARSE BOOTS. FTTVE BOOTS. RUBBERS. Y O M E X Will also find at their store just what is neces sary to cover their feet in the neatest pos sible shape. Call and get a pairof their splendid BALMORAL BOOTS. Or their beautiful COXCJ-.R ESS SHOES. TAILORING. In connexion with our large clothing store is a Tailor Shop, nnd when customers cannot be suited with our goods they can buy our cloth, leave their measure, and our tailor, L.I). LlV!i(;STO; Will make up your garment in a stvle that can not be excelled by any tailor in Orleans County. Please give them a call, look llieir goods over, compare their QUALITY and PHICES.with those of oilier stores of like character in the vicinity, and then BUY WHERE YOU CAN DO BEST They have no time to Wow. They prefer to trade. They are after your money. They also have a large assortment ot Hats and Caps. J. T. BOWLER, PROPRIETOR OF TIIK ORLEANS 0. illlliBLE WORKS liavmgjust returned from thP nar; at r. . land and having bought a large assortment f FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC MARBLES at cash prices, is hereby enabled to sell cheaper than any other dealer in Northern Vermont. First then, his having a Superior Marble pol ishing Machine whereby all his scouring and polishing is done by water. ' Second, he does - - "via iiiuici: -a facility that his mediate neighbor's that don't understand the busiuessand- NEVER LEADED THE TRADF do not possess. He has also securer! n, vices of a first rate GRANITE WORKER . OC Therefore h will t in, . . , -".'to '"'uinisnuranitcor iuaroie aionuments, and all work in n, nr.....,, ne at greatly reduced prices. u uai uic irlease give him a call. Barton, March 13th, 1865. MW MILLIMRV GOODS. MRaSiflLJi,haS"""led .rket with li.,Prv nfTi. - Z:,"rmmn ai winter Mil- i, , '" nuu most aesiraole stvle articles ,., - in u iiiieau store. A few . ' u,,u examine. w Ull, 04.1 ill (J, Dress m;ikinn- one door .iZr?, " "Nuai- Kooms A NEW CANDIDATE For public favor is found in mmvs cebar PLAsne, A STRONG ADHESIVE SALVE For dl-PKi;inTTwI l,i: ,. , . . ' can Wonnds. A "nJL. rZ ? K,n 8 of Cnts and tion Rheumatic PnmsV& lr r? CTn8' LoCi" on H. A ,iJr &c Cuts and Wounds on Horses and Cattle. Where this Plaster is applied Pain can V . . not exist. . n 11 1 1 i v ... nwin n . . . . A dZ".' S6' L. L. DUTCH. rys Barne. & Co.. wholesale agent. , r Waternrv, EXCITING RUMORS! RELIABLE INFORMATION IS AT HAND THAT Jeff. Davis HAS NOT HAD HIS TRIAL! And it is an indisputable fact that BLACK & BALDWIN Are not the proper persons to pronounce sen tence upon him, but the crowds that visit their store can testify that they are the most compe'ent judges of what FlSniOXlBLE PEOPLE WANT to wear, and also what prices to mark their goods in order to sell them. And every one knows when they visit their store that they will find just what they need for orna ment, comfort and ser vice ; and every, one knows, or ought to know, tint thev are constantly re ceiving the VERY LaTEST STYLES of all the most fashionable, plain arid bu siness articles of DRESS GOODS AND CLOTHING to be found in market. Our shelves have just been replenished with Prints of Every Style, Delaines. Thibets. Alpaccas, (Ginghams, LADIES BALMORAL & HOOP SKIRTS LADIES' HEAVY WINTER SHAWLS, LADIES' DHESS & CLOAK TRIMINGS LADIES' CLOAKS AND CLCTHS, A large assortment. Splendid Assortment of the choicest patterns of Ladies' Furs, Misses' Furs, Children's Furs. Cottons, BLEACHED AND BROWN COTTONS in large quantifies. BLEACHED AND BROWN LINENS a large quantity. LADIES' FUR TRIMMED CAPS AND HOODS, Call and see them. GENT'S READY MADE CLOTHING, FURNISHING GOODS, Fancy, Rusine3 sr Heavy All-Wool Suits in great variety. G LOVES. Gent's Business and Kid Gloves, Ladies' Kid Gloves and Mittens, Ladies' and Gent's Winter Hose. 0ln short, we have the most complete as sortment of DRY GOODS to be found in Nor thern Vermont, and at PRICES AVH1CH DE FY COMPETITION.. That Black & Baldwin are successors to M. J. Black, whose refutation for GREAT BAR GAINS and N E W STYLES they will ever aim to sustain. E. A. BLACK. H. M. BALDWIN. Newport, Vermont, Nov. 27, 1S65. BEAUTIFUL TEETH. DR. PALMER, DENTIST, NEWPORT, "VT. n-mV,11? Pafit- seven -vcars. hX h's superior skill m inserting ARTIFICIAT tpptu SHAW'S UFE AND FIRE INSURANCE CO. BRANCH OFFICE. NEWPORT vt insurance "hjiuh oi over $30,000,000. ScKyo houserat.y0Ur W"" and T you have iea .nu,n owcr rates thaf. Policy entitlein-Voi, tn J T , ana to ive ' of the ainimnV PartlclP"te in the profit Tl.:.. leans ConnrV i.AVVl.V'J? ,re Insurance in Or- A1II IK a limit . in other mZi.Z:m?Ja cccssfally moved stance have our enrS- Ia no ,n Policyho a!TcSS?h?nP,eS Pa'd back totI'e mum paid thus mHPer cent-f 'he pre- runce Wt.ta f UmU Hote s. St. r:n . A "'" .SIln'- wc insure of Specia or Hazardon, T 8 "nd n" claMes low as to make it hu obiec? r?mj: at ratcs M lice. No other aLen ? HJi apP'f ""'isof instirance at our h,7.in.,h s,county can effect insure in iVV.r ana no ot'er aKencv t?!,UranCe PWning the ParZ I CHARLES ROBINSON, Airent, Newport, Vt STEWART & Av OBBERS AND COMMISSION DEALERS IN Butter, Cheese. Lard. Err. nrM i ...... - - jsuil, ci ALT. SQUARE AND 32 Meb- i-nAsrs now, Qeoaos A.ATsii,'j 24 BOSTON. TT-iae. Iaflamnia. D'jcasva of r ?-":,.3,jrOpsl. ; ..CT BUCHU 1 7 " o43 "Wash . i f st'.'a riseases arlj- - - a 't I daiiicrot .. . ;-.t ;.,i.i curing these dijtase. j mb old's. i.i. :' V Or;-in3, whether cxi?tiajla . , c.'Iom or'-ginatinj, and . . . . i: is pleasant la iatii:? - . :: ! more strengtbeai of it Iron. " ... t r. -.. Dve ti' Dtlieatt Coiuti. i.i:. m . Jj c t nc, I. : ;ir-ir ; t'.mt hntrerer lig!it nuy b . ' : tV. - tics, It is cert Via 1 1 eT;:. !.u , - .'' .. and IIi? ic.s. if r. .'j :.'. ! .-, rn'jnii!ioa ot lasaalty miy ".. i i Tvi l.T-- tUe :tl4 of a diureUc. -L. ' ' Z I. XTRACT BUCHU 4. im Givat Diuretic. .:7.I302L.rS i 7 .'. I Extract Sarsaparilla, . -:. : riaoriug e'.l diicajei arising f.-03 . . : i i nr, clirui ia eoustUmional i : i :;.u. : stal..- vt the blood, auj iUt :..( kno a remedy fur the cure of l 1 " I'.'iEiia, pains aaJSwtiiicg of ... '.:i- f th-iTihrrat siuvl Les, Elotchci. . i :i.r, Lrysi.'elas, aud ail scaly ercj . ... i.-jautiii ing the cohplexiox. r FEW i t i'3i ;. maakini arise froia ta . -i n hv EiooJ. Of all the dis i -! -. l - t I'uie it out, cor.e can ' - s COMI'OCXD EXTRACt :. I: rl rri;.-s and renovates ths : r cf flth ir.ta the system, aai T.iij i : . ;ij disease. It stimulates t ;:-1 - !y. and expels the.disorders i.i the r.'.ood. Sach a reaedy, that i i soujht fr, and now, for "- ha-, i oae oa which they can de- -iv.-! n t a'laiit of cet:9cates ti t'! :1 ct a siala bottle iri'.l thoir ta voir jrpassiaj anything they hTs i '.' fth; Fxtractcf Sarsaparilla, added - iii .;ji! tjt:. LUboa Diet Drini, aal .1 to pa'.ioaof thuSjriipof Sariaparilia, i isu il'.y made. .' r i n: e p'-narei on purely seientiia ' mi erabody the full strength of . ; i :'.) th?ir composition. A ready " i b i a comparison of their proper : : j.-.I: i j tli; l. S. Dispensatory. C':H THE nE&EDIES . . : i'.tr.od, Humors on the Face, or any -.: 1. 1 !y , u.si txtract Sarsaparilla, ap- . . I ti'l external Humors or Eruptiocs T n-':a for all diseases requiring the all : - :". .- o' the Urinary Organs, such as i'.- ; in (hese 4se tha Extract Bucha V.e I uprovou Hose Wash. uxrnCT3 riAE eeen admitted : f.!T:D STATES AKMT, and Bniij ii ;!! the STATE HOSPITALS AND ? t::rcu:;hfiut the land, as we'd at -:j, are consfdered as invaloabla VT DXCIHE ,::t ADDRESS. "(I & CTTEM ICAL TV.CREHOrSE, '.. V, : . .: i -(.iropoiitan Hote!( - a to 3 SJHDICAL DEPOT, ' v' .., Assembly Build's, Phila. j ;?i all Communication. -"JOISTS EVEF.TWHEI.L : Counterfeits . ) other LIFE SIZE Photograpils The snbscrilKr has lately purchased a complete - . .uouumcuis ior niaKtng Large Pictures, and is now prepared to make PHOTOGRAPHS IN EVERY STYLE OF THE ART, from the Carte de Visite to the splendid life size Photograph. Persons, having a small picture of any deceased friend, can have it enlargea to ny size and FINISHED t INDIA. INK making a splendid IMPERISHABLE PORTRAIT. ALBUMS AND PICTURE FRAMES. have on hand the best assortment of Albums o oe round in Orleans County. Also a large lot of Oval Frames, which will be sold O ZHC !E3 I . A mm Those wanting anything in my line of business will do well to give me a call hf. : , where. b-c- J. N. WEBSTER. Barton,Dec,25,l65.