Newspaper Page Text
Farm, Garden, Kitchen and Shop.
Farmer's CLrB. The Club met accor ding to adjournment Wm Kidder in the 'chair ' ' ' - 1 ' P. IT. Webster The question before us to-night is of great importance ; think there Jihm been great improvement. We used to boil between two K)gH, and keep one man chopping wood all the time. ow we use pans which takes less wood and makes much more sugar. My sugar orchard is mostly soco 1 growth ; use wooden spiles with half-inch bit; gather sap as soon as I can after it has run ; boil it down to syrup and sugar it off as soon as I get time ; think it makes better HUgar than when allowed to stand long after it is boiled. I think many of us do not have storage enough, or facilities enough lor boiling. I always wash my buckets when I gather them, and gather my spile and nails when I do mv buckets ; then I go around with a pail of cedar plugs and till the bit hole even to the bark and find that it preserves my trees!. I cut one this winter and found the plug and tree all sound. . Kidder The best time to make sugar is when the sap runs. I think the main object to make good sugar is to have every thing clean; think the nails hurt the trees as bad as the bit. I think we can luakP nicer sugar to boil but a small quantity of sap before we sugar it off. When sugar is done so it will crack or break on snow I consider done enough. A. Wtlnter I think all things should be clean ; would uso the pod bit, as I think the screw bit injure trie tree more than the pod bit; think we should sugar orT quite often, and that stirred sugar is much the bent to sell or use. Wm. Kidder I have sugared since 1821, but do not oretend to know much about it now, though 1 think every thing should be clean, and would use nothing but the pod bit to tap with ; have ued spiles but do not like them, f do mv sugar oil' so us to have it drean one gallon of molasses to the hundred txjunds; practice skimming my sap when it boils, but think it useless to skim every time; think we mitrht have nails nuiile from some kind of composition that would be much better than iron, as it is the iron rust that injures the tree more than the hole of the nail. IK If. W hster In iny boyhood days we used to tup with a tapping iron, cut a notch with an axe, then drive in tlie tapping iron below tiiv notch, then drive in our lug wooden wedge; it might catch half the sap and it might not. Wm. Kidder In ancient days we had no coopers; we used troughs to catch our sap in, and also large ones for holders corked with tow, and used hollow loirs to put our sugar in. J). If. Wihxtir Sugar making is a sub ject that should interest nil fanners, as su gar is a very necessary article as well as a luxury of life; and I think we should all take more pains in preserving our sugar orchards ; should try to find out the best method of tapping our trees so as not to kill them. I have known some to tap with an inch augur, and I think it bad for the tree. In tapping my second growth trees I use a half inch bit, bore in three-fourths to one inch ; use wood spouts made of pine, which I think much better than tin, es pecially for second growth trees, as the tin spout makes a longer scar than thebit you tap with. For a number of years I have practiced having plugs made of cedar, cut oil' so as to just (ill out to the inside bark, and as I gather mv spouts I drive them in. and they will heal over in two or three years; think we cannot take too much care in keeping our buckets thoroughly cleans ed. I gather my buckets as soon as possi ble alter the last sap is gathered, and with hot water and a brush broom made on pur pose wash them clean, turn them over to dry, and then pack away ; the next spring I scald them before hanging out. There are a good many that are so hurried that they gather their buckets and put them away all sour, and in this spring following they will wash them, or pretend to, and the result is, they will find their buckets half full of roapy sap which is tit only for vinegar; think we should have more stor age or boiling apparatus so to be prepared for a good rim of sap. I have no doubt that there was more than enough sap wast ed in this town last year, by running over buckets, than would make a ton of sugar. ,'. II. Hill I think the item of sugar making of great importance to the farmers of Vermont, as it is one of the best states in the l:nion for that purpose as well as in many other enterprises. We are ahead of the world in the sheep, the potatoe, and in the celebrated Norway oats, andwey be in sugar making. See the improve ments that have been made within twenty years, in the use of the pan, the evaporator, the tin bucket and spout, and all other utensils compared with the old sap trough, axe and gouge, and the kettle between two loirs, with two men to chop wood to boil as much water as we did sap. My present mode of making sugar is to have everything clean as 1 would for my milk ; and good buckets and holders for my sap I usually tap my trees as soon as it is good sap weather, and begin to boil as soon as it runs enough to pay to gather. I use a pod bit that tapers lrom heel to point about 3 of an inch in size at the heel bore into the tree one inch, then drive the common tin spout about J inch below the hole and into the bark enough to hold it, then drive my nail just low enough so I can put the bucket on without hitting the spout; gath er my sap with a team, and have a wooden strainer nxeti in the Hole ol tlie draw-tun that I run all the sat) through when 1 gath er it; then I have a large faucet near the bottom through which I run my sap into spouts which carries it through another strainer into holders standing in the sugar house, and trom thence through a small faucet into the back pan which is set li inches above the front one, then through another faucet near the upper edge of the back pan into tlie lront one, and both pan:- keep boiling all the time if I keep a decent tire; so 1 have no dipping or handling sar after it is put into the draw-tub. I always svrup oil' every day that I boil, and would like to sugar off every day if I had an ex tra pan and convenience to do it; think syrup does not improve by keeping too long. For the benefit of my trees I would like nails made from some material that will not rust. When I gather my last sar in spring I gather the buckets, nails and spouts, and wash the buckets clean and put tliem in the sugar house chamber not pac ked together, but set as we nut out nans to dry in the sun and leave the chamber door open till they get thoroughly dry. I put dry wood enough in my sugar house in summer or fall for one year's use, then af ter my trees arc tapped the next spring I do not have a very hard time to make su gar it the sap runs. Daniel Tajt I think the best time to make sucrar is when the sap runs. I think we usually tap too early; think spiles the best for second growth and tin for older growth ; should take great care in clean ing our buckets in the spring after we are done sugaring. Sap should be strained before boiling. Question for next meeting To what ex tent is it profitable to use Commercial Fer tilizers with regard to their cost. Drainage. Persons -who have had mosl experience in draining land, af firm that there is but little land that is not benefitted by judicious draining. The large amount of capital that is yearly employed in this branch of in dustry shows conclusively the belief, both in its utility and necessity, if the results themselves, were not a suf ficient argument in its favor. Some of the most valuable land in the coun try were, only a few years ago, whol ly worthless on account of their damp marshy nature. By skillful draining they have become the most produc tive. The benefit in such instances was marked and unmistakable. There are still immense tracts of land.which, owing to their wet and marshy nature, are unfit for cultivation, and could be redeemed from their worthless condi tion by draining. Besides this almost every farmer had more or less land lyin idle, because at those times when it should be plowed it is too wet for cultivation. When it rains the water stands on it, and much of the time stock cannot go upon it, nor can a wagon be driven over it. A114 such land can be made fruitful, often the most fruitful by draining. Draining is not accompanied with the amount of labor or expense that many persons who have had no ex penence oeneve. i ne aitcn is pre pared with a ditching machine, or by plowing a deep furrow, and then spa ding it six or eight inches wide, and about three feet deep. Earthen tiles are mostly used. They are made about twenty inches long, cylindrical, and have a bore two inches in diaine ter. The first tiles were made with a collar or shoulder at the end, but this; is no longer used. The ends are made straight, and when laid, face close up to each other. The soil is then filled in. There is no need for a layer of gravel or other loose substance next to the tile, as they drain off the water better by having the soil laid next to them. The pipes are porus and each drain will exhaust, or drain off from twenty to thirty feet on each side of it. 1 hose who have had most exper ience in draining say that it deepens the staple soil, and makes it more loose and friable. The surplus water which causes the formation of injuri ous chemical compounds, always found in pools of stagnant water, is carried off, and the soil can be cultivated to a greater depth. It is also rendered more capable of absorbing moisture in dry weather, besides enabling crops to be planted earlier, and making them produce more abundantly. It not only increases the fertility of the soil, but materially changes its aspect and temperature. Wet and swampy ground is transformed into dry and productive soil, while the superfluous water is carried off, freeing the atmos phere from hovering vapors, which are injurious to life and lwalth. In seasons of heavy rains the superfluous water is speedily and safely carried off, so as to admit of working the soil without unnecessary delay. There are lew larms, portions of which would not pay well for the ex pense of draining, especially when it can be done so cheaply. It is far bet ter, by draining and deep plowing, to cultivate a lew acres well, than to farm a great nianv indifferently. Fifty acres which produce lull crops are more profitable than a hundred which yield only half crops. If those who grow poor crops would blame the weather and the seasons less, would Irain more, plow deeper, and enrich the soil by grasses and manures, they would find that the weather and the seasons are not so much to olame lor the failures after all. Dcitz's Farm Journal. Orchards. We are gradually progressing and yearly learning better and better to understand oar climates and soils our trees and vines f and as we progress and come to know our own, we throw away much of the ear ly day teachings that was brought to us from across the broad ocean. Our vine growers commencing with their vines at three to four feet, have grad ually expanded them, until now the majority of planters give to them eight by ten or ten by twelve, and some ev en more, according to the soil and the habit of the sort. So, also, begin ning with severe winter and summer pruning, from which they obtained a fruitsunburnt and half ripened, and produced various diseases in the sys tem of the vine, they have come to a knowledge of the vine's nature, and by almost leaving it alone are reward ed with luscious fruit and healthy fo liage. In the appie and pear orchard, we have been brought to place the first from thirty-five to forty feet apart, and the latter twenty-five to thirty, thus subjecting them to all the terrible burning heat of the sun's rays, in a long, hot summer's drought, aud to stand as it were alone, aud brave singly the storms of wind that in win ter and spring bend their tops, and tear loose by leverage their loots. We have long been impressed with the view that these old advices of dis tauce were erroneous aud our readers will bear us witness that we have be- and as a break, also, aud aid toward shielding our fruit trees, the inter mingling more or less iu the orchard of evergreens. Our own practice has been most successful in apple orchards at twelve by sixteen feet, aud we have known the best results from a like distance in some extensive orchards in tit west. The past two years we have doubted if even this distance had not better be reduced, and in exposed, bleak, wintry situations, on prairies, or blurts, we are satisfied it had. the closer trees are planted to each other the more do they assist each other in oreaKing me lorce oi me wtnu, unu in gradually ameliorating the climate They will sooner shield than shade the ground aud their roots, retaining thereby a greater relative propoi lio ol moisture and food; they will come soouer into maturing and fruitins. their blossoms; and as they iucreuat in size will acquire the rouiju iarK that comes with maturity and belongs to them in health, so that as they be come too thick for the light to keep them round and full in the contour aud extension ol branch, they wiil be the better enabled to .stand alone, while the fruit that has been gathered from the trees requiring removal wiil e found to have more thau repaid the first cost ol the whole orchard. Were we to plant an apple orchard to-dav, we think we should set our trees ten by fifteen leet, and it ol standard pears ten by ten leet, il ol dwarf pears or appies six bv eight eet, and we should use occasionally ouie hardy vari ety in the place of a fruit tree. llor- iculturiit. Religious Department. Rev. Wm. A. ROBIXSON, Editor. "In essentials unify, in non-essentiah liberty, in all things chanty. Our Purpose. At the request of Mr. Earle we have consented to take the oversight of a religious department in the Stan dard. We do this not because of abun dance of leisure time, nor of any idea of peculiar fitness for this work, but from the conviction that such a de partment rightly mauaged may en hance the value of the paper to all subscribers, and afford to christian men the opportunity of doing much good. The audience to whom through this paper we may speak is larger than the aggregate of all congrega tions of all denominations gathered upon the Sabbath in our county, and while the press may never usurp the sphere of the pulpit, while the writ ten expression of religious truth may never take the place of the living preacher, it is a valuable ally in his work, and must be used as effectively as possible. There are special rea- It is our department than merely To Keep Sap from Boiling Over. C. M. Cowles of Albany, writes us that the best thing to keep sap from running over is a beef bone thrown in in place of fat meat, as is the usual practice of sugar mak ere. He says it never fails to keep it from running over; is cleaner than meat, or at least does not leave that offensive, greasy taste that a gob of fat does. He says that the sap'will boil away faster, as it givea a coarse bubble and doea not leave froth or foam To have a good Sugar Tub. A new tub should never hold anything but syrup the hrst year; at the end ot that time; dry The Colfax Strawberry. The Colfax strawberry is attracting some attention ana it is said to be superior to many varities in cultivation., A cor respondent of the Practical Farmer says : "Some fifteen years ago, lion. Schuy Ier Colfax introduced into South Bend, lud., a number of seedling strawber ries, that had been presented to him by an ameteur friend; among them was this sort, which came to be highly regarded by many of the best judges of fruit in that vicinity. Its peculiar ities are, wondrous vigor of plant, re sponding promptly to care and cul ture, and also lighting its way success fully against weeds and grass, when neglected ; it yields good crops where most other sorts would die out : it produces an enormous stool, far sur passing the Green Prolific and Agri culturist, and its dark green, luxuri ant loliage has a very gorgeous and pleasing appearance. It is perfectly hardy never having been injured in the least by the severest winters, and the heat and drouth of summer does not burn its foliage or prevent its ma turing its fruit. But its astonishing productiveness is its distinguishing feature undoubtedly surpassing any other sort in that respect. Fruit, me dium size, symmetrical and very uni form hanging in clusters that have been the astonishment of all who have seen it; color very dark crimson; flavor sub-acid, with a very large per centage of juice. Not sufficiently firm for distant market, but for the ama teur who wishes to produce great re sults, and to the family who require a sure crop of fruit, even without care, it has no equal. Season medium to very late." "A Kentucky farmer recommends that wool growers pasture their sheep with cattle as an effectual preventive of ravages bv dogs. lie has followed this practice for many years, and has never lost a single member of his flocks by dogs or wolves, while his neighbors have been constant suffer ers. The sheep, when attacked by dogs, run directly to the cattle for protection, and the latter soon rid the field of their persecutors. X. A. Willard Ravs in the Western Climax. This new sort of pota toe is a seedling that originated with th.e writer iu 1804, and it is the only one out of a thousand seediiugs of the e age that possesses much merit : hence you can readily see it has eosjl me much care, labor and expense. The Climax has a stout erect stalk ol full medium height, internodes ol medium leugth, aud very large leaves ; the tuber is above medium iu size, quite smooth, in form of a short cyl inder swelled out at the centre, occa sionally slightly flattened, and ter- minatiug rather abrubtly ; eyes .shal low, sharp, sometimes swelled out or projecting, aud always strongly de fined ; skin medium thickuess, consid erably netted or ruset, tough, white; flesh entirely white, solid, heavy, brit tle and never hollow, aud it boils through quickly, with no hard core at centre nor stem, is mealy, ot floury whiteness, and of superior table qual ity. In productiveness it is fully equal if not superior to either the Early Rose or the Early Goodrich; bears few small tubers ; matures nearly with the Early Rose; while its keeping qualities are as good as the Peach blow. During the heated term of July and August last, the foliage of the Early Goodrich, which was planted by the side of the climax, burned badly, the leaves of the Early Rose slightly, while the leaves of this seedling were unaffected. This property must high ly commend this variety for southern planting. The past season my Climax were planted quite late, on a rather low piece of ground that was too wet to plant early ; yet the yield was highly gratifying; health good, while the ta ble quality is fully equal to the Early Rose planted at the same time by its side, and much better than the Early Goodrich. D. S. Heffron in Dcitzs Farm Journal. sons also why the utterance of relig ious truth through the eolums of other than a distinctively religious paper has its advantages. It certainly comes nearer the gospel idea of making our religion closely connected with all our daily work. Religion is not to be di vorced from secular concerns, but to be made a vital part of all that is done or thought or said. So in our families let the local newspaper, speaking concerning our pursuits in all other respects, speak also in the appropriate place and way, of thi3 grandest aims possible to mail, and insist upon tlie principles which shall rule all our hearts and regulate all our lives. purpose in directing this to make it religious rather moral, and christian rath er than denominational. To this end we invite all christians interested in the Maudard, and especially all min isters of the gospel to cooperate with us in making this department an hon or to the christian intelligence of this county, and a means of usefulue all luiiiiu--s who lead inis paper. have arranged lor exchau the leading religious denominations of the da, and propose io cull from their column.- some of their best words, which, taken from so wide a range of publications, cannot fuiid being fresh to the majority of our readers. We d pfhd also upon the clergy and laity of thi.-i county to lurnisit original arti cles oi suitable length and character, to make a proper proportion ol the space devoted to this department the expression uf .ur own thoughts and feelings. For the laiihful and impar tial discharge ot tne duties connected with editing these columns, we can give no lurlhcr assurauce than our known character aud over couscien tious purpose. We bespeak not mere ly tiie cooperation but the charity of all interested iu this paper, and hope that together we may do much g by this means. Wm. A. Robinson Strife and Victory. - There came an angel to me in disguise, Whose name was sorrow ; tender was his eyes, Though harsh his hand ; And slowly my reluctant soul he led Within the hearing of a Voice which said, In sweet command . "Come unto me and I will give you rest. How could I bat obey the kind behest ? And, as I turned, Some door of heaven unbarred to flood my way With glimpses of the everlasting day, Such glory burned ! Then iu my gladness, "This is peace !" I said ; But Life replied, ere many days bad sped, "Not peace, but hope !" For, while I looked, the transient gleam was gone As clouds across the rift are drifted on, 1 heaven's dark cape. Ah, then I felt the galling chains of sin ! Ah, then I found that peace was hard to win With such a foe ! But as I strove with evil, strength was given. And still my steady feet were turned toward Heaven, Though faint and slow. And thus I struggled on from day to day, Until I felt the hostile hosts giye way, The pressure yield ; And then I knew a victory was won, And I had conquered peace at last, upon Lite's battle-field. Not that the strife was wholly ended yet, Nor triumph perfect. Death alone can set On mortal brow The victor's radiant crown ; yet peace within Is won by conquest over self and sin, Even here and now. 'Is it not then," yon ask, "the gift of Christ, His precious legacy, unearned, unpriced ?" Yes, this we know ; But Christ's best gifts are not for him who stands Awaiting them with idle, outstretched hands, He gives not so. He bought for us a field whereon to stand, And fight life's battle, under his command, With woe and sin ; He paid His life for power to help, and thus His gift is that 'tis possible for us To strive and win. S to We among a For when we strive, we win. Oh, blest be He Who always giveth us the victory In faithful strife. And crown the conquest with His holy peace Whose early beams grow brighter and increase To endless life ! Miss Atkinson in N. Y. Observer. Ecce Homo. Massil Ion's sermon on "The Pas sion contains the loiiowing eloquent passage : " 'Behold the man 1' savs the infa mous judge, 'Ecce Homo!1 Holy kings sprung from the lions of David 1 Inspired prophets who predicted him to men ! Is this lie whom ye so ar dently desired to behold the Re deemer promised to your fathers so many ages since Is this the great Prophet whom Judea was to give to the world the desire ot all nations, the expectation of all the world, the Truth of your types, the fulfillment of your Worship, the Hope of your just men, the Consolation of the Syn agogue, the Glory of Israel, the Light of the Salvation of all people ? Do you recognize Ilim in this shamefu guise ?' out tei us leave these lamous men to demand as a iavor that his Bloot should be upon them and upon their children. We wish to point vou to other spectators still. It is you your selves, my brethren. Ecce Homo! Behold the man ! Behold your con solation il you are of the number of his disciples. Iu the afflictions where with God afflicts you, will ye dare to murmur ? Fasten your eyes ou Je sus Christ, thus crueily beaten and slain for you. Behold the man ! Ec ce Homo ! If calumny delames you, hear the impostures charged on IJiin I If the duties of the Christian life sometimes exhaust your weakness, it you say iu secret that virtue is not so Church Union. To mv mind, the most unaccountable narrowness attaches to those who build up on such a foundation as prelatical succes sionthe structure they call the church. I do wish they would lift their heads at least as high as the horizon, and see some portion ot tne world not under tneir own shadow. Methinks they would draw a long breath, and whisper, "Well, the earth is wider than . London, or Rome, sure enough I" What is the Church of God? Do the Scriptures define it to be other than God's people in the world, who believe, love, ana obev Christ? "Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice." "Ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus." What now of the unity or tne churcn r Christ said emphatically : "There shall be one fold and one shepherd." The church is, and must be one. .Tso one will insist more strenuously on this than Methodists And we contend that this unity must be in the most vital part, the feature most char acteristic of the Church, and not of neces sitv in the mere accidental features. The oneness for which the Savior prayed was not an organic, outward unity," such as exhibited and boasted by the Papists, aud others of similar pretensions. Official succession, and continuous organization, do not constitute the unity of the Church Because,!. I hat may be maintained with no spiritual life ; and this is the essential feature, "for the kingdom of God is within you." z. it may De witn an manner oi corruptions, and doctrines contrary to the great Head. 3. It may be with all discord and strife within. 4. touch mark: ot cenu iness cannot be identified by the Bible, but appeals to history rather, and so "trans fers faith from the Bible to history." (Marvin) 5. It excludes thousands who are "by one Spirit baptized into one body," and hence becomes schismatic in the most superlative manner, excommunicating those whom Uoa has accepted, b. It in cites to bigotry and proselytism, which things necessarily work discord to the Church of Christ. 7. It directs attention from the spiritual to the outward and ac cidental ; and as a result makes people sat l.shed with mere Church connection, o It subverts the design of organism mak ing it the Church, when it is only the in strunient of the Church to carry the gospel abroad In Protestant bodies making such pre tensions, it leads directly to popery ;or they boldly profess that Komish priests are true ministers, regularly ordained, and we are not,and therefore are no Church. Now, we do not object to their organization they may retain it and be good people, a part ot the true Church : but we do object to their objecting to ours, and trying to teach our people, and others, that we are schismatics. Christ prayed that we might all be one : and that Church which will not be one with others rejects the Savior's prayer. Denominational lines do not lim it the Church of Christ, nor break its uni tv. Hence, "all who love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity are brethren. The true unity of the Church is, 1. One ness of faith accepting Christ. "Other foundation can no man lay." 2. Oneness of spirit love to God and man. "God i: love: and he that dwelleth in love dwell eth in God, and God in him." 3. Oneness in practice obedience to Christ. "If a man love me he will keen my commandments and my Father will love him." Such pas sages as the following show conclusively that we hold to the highest iorm oi unitv "There is one body, and one Spirit, even ve are called in one hope oi your call ing." "For by one Spirit we are baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gen tiles, wiiether we be oond or tree; andhav been .id made to drink into one bpint. torthe body is not one member, but many. i nose wno nave the truits ot the one Spirit" are members of the "one body" tor the Spirit aud the body belong to the one head, Christ Individual opinions held, and organiza tioiis, are not "schism; but carnality eonuMiuons, and uucharitatleuess, are schism. "For whereas there is among you envying and strne, are ye not carnal, an walk as men ?" Paul pointed out and cen sured schism, when there was but one or ganizution, one outward Church, governe uy apostolic method; therefore schism is somewnai ainerent lrom what some croakers make it, and true scriptural unity is what we. as Methodists, contend for. 1 am clearly convinced that the most incor rigible schismatics are those who cry most for unity, unity, and will not themselves To thb Working Class: I am now pre pared to furnish all classes with constant employ ment at their homes, the whole of ther time, or for their spare moments. nsiue u, ugui, and profitable. Fifty cenu . to 5 per eveumg is easily earned uy pcrouuo v. --- - boys and girls earn nearly as much as men -Great inducements are offered those who will de vote their whole time to the business ; and, tnat every person who sees this notice, may send me their address and test the business for them- selves, 1 maae tne louowiug uumaicnvu To all who are not satisfied with the business, 1 will send $1 to pay for the trouble of writing me. uU particulars, airecuou, rem iv. Samples sent by mail for ten cents. Address THE VERilONT EAWBONE SUPERPHOSPHATE. GENTS WANTED FOB THE BLUE-COATS, And how they lived, fought and died for tne Union, with Scenes and Incidents in the Great Rebellion. ' , . Comprising narratives of personal adventure, thrilling incidents, daring exploits, heroic deeds, wonderful escapes, life in the camp, field and hospital, adventures of spies, and scouts, with the songs, ballads, anecdotes and humorous inci dents ot tne war. . It contains over 100 fine engravings and is the spiciest and cheapest war book published, Price only 2,50 per copy. Send for circulars and see our terms, and full description of the work. Address NATIONAL ruuLisuusu CO., Philadelphia, Pa. AGENTS WANTED FOE GOLDEN SHEAVES. This work abounds in thrill ing Bketches, moral tales, strange occurrences, gems of thought, strains of eloquence, stirring incidents, rich repartees ana cnoicesi specimens of the purest literature. Please all, oflends none. Price very low. Aaaressziiiuije.it, wauwj i & CO., Philadelphia. Pa. LENWOOD LADIES' SEMINARY, Jt West Brattleboro, Vermont. William A Kinnb. M. A.. Principal. Prof. Ch. F. Schuster, Instructor in instrumental Music. Instructions given in Vocal Music, Drawing, Painting, and U y 111 II il aura naaioiaiiio aic cuiviucu iu every department. The Spring Session begins Monday, April 19, 1869. The Fall Session begins Monday, September zu ib. 1 ne ouuaings win be open for summer boarders and for a class in Ur. Lewis' JNew uymnastics, Monaay, juiy i, 1869. Address R, E. HOSFORD, West Brat tleboro, Vt. TESTIMONIALS. From HENRY C. CLEVELAND. Covektet, Vt., Oct. 19, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gents. 1 nau aooui two acres wuicu wu ia poor condition, but 1 thought it a gooa place to see what Phosphate would do. I plowed, har rowea well, and planted corn, without manuring at all. Through the center were four rows with out any fertilizer, which gave a slim crop. Each side ot this was your phosphate, (.ana some otner kinds.) Where I used your phosphate, there was a mucn heavier growth, ana tuny inree umes an much corn. Three eared stalks were as plen ty as two ears generally are, and i was all large ana sounu. x minn your puuspuaw a ufim article, and pays well to use. From RICHARD AY. PEABODY, St. JoHNSBNtY, Vt., Oct. 13, 1868. Papdock, Dean Co., Gents. In regard to the phospiiuic procured of you for use on the railroad tar in at Lyndon, of which I have tne cnarge, i wouiu bo.j . nc plowed two and one-half acres of light sandy soil, in low condition, not haviog cut over 4W) pounus hay per acre the previous season. We spread on a light coat of manure, harrowing thoroughly, (but owing to the usual drouth, xue crop got Utile benefit from the dressing and planted to corn and potatoes. They came up strong aud vigorous, growing finely and looking remarkably green, so much so that trequent in quiries were made to the cause. We had a good crop, particularly the corn, while the potatoes were much better than any I saw on similar soil. R. W. PEABODY. fiHE DOLLAR SUN. CHARLES A. DANA'S P.APER. The cheapest, neatest, and most readable of New York journals. Kverybody likes it. Three editions. Uaiiy, isemi-weekly, ana weeaiy, at , S2, andSl a year. Full reports of markets. agriculture and Farmers' and Fruit Growers Clubs, and a complete story in every Weekly and Semi-Weekly number. A valuable present to every subscriber. Send for specimen, with premium list. I. vv. isngland, ruonsner un, ix. x. From LAMBERT HASTINGS, Esq. St. Johnsbuey, Vt., Oct. 16, 1868. Paddock, Dban & Co., Gents. I have used Superphosphate upon my farm in St. Johusbury, Concord and Lunen burgh, for some years past, with the most satis factory results, and have endeavored to learn how far its use might be profitable upon various crops. I am satisfied it pays well on corn, pota toes and turnips. It gives a vigorous growth to the young plant, matures it two weeks earlier than barn yard manure aloue, increases the yield by about one-tnira, ana improves tne quality oi the fruit. This year 1 used equal quantity oi yours and Bradley's, and find the Vermont lully equal to any phosphate I have ever used. JgSTABLISHED SAWS ! 1830. SAWS! SAWS! SAWS I SAWS! SAWS! SAWS I SAWS 1 SAWS! WELCH & GRIFFITHS MANUFACTURERS, Also New England Agents for the Celebrated "RED JACKET AXE," Colburn's Patent. Cannot be excelled. Will cut 25 per cent, more than any other, with less labor. Office and Salesroom, 145 & 147 Federal St., Boston, Mass. w The mere outward organiza tion sustains no nearer relation allow unity. nearer relation to the Church than the shells of those animals which renew them every year sustain to the animal. God cares as little what form ANTED, AGENTS, $75 to $200 per month, everywhere, male and female to introduce the uenuine tuiprovea jommon Sense Family Sewing Machine. This machine will stitch, hem, fell, tuck, quilt, cord, bind, braid and embroider in a most superior manner. Price only S18. r ully warranted for live years We will pay S1000 for any machine that will sew a stronger, more beautiful, or more elastic seam than ours, it makes the "Elastic L.oct fetitcn Every second stitch 'can be cut, and still the cloth cannot be pulled apart without tearing it. We pay agents from $'75 to "200 per month and ex penses, or a commission from which twice that amount can be made. Address SECOMB & CO, Pittsburgh, Pa., Boston, Mass., or St. Louis, Mo, Caution Do not be imposed upon by other parties palming on worthless cast iron machines. under the same name or otherwise. Ours is the only genuine and really practical cheap machine manufactured. GENTS, FARMERS, GARDNERS and Fruit Growers. Send for particulars of Best's Improved FruiUTree and Vine Invigora- tor and Insect Destroyer." Samples to test will be forwarded to any part of the United States and perfect satisfaction guaranteed. Good agents are wanted in every county in the United States. Address J. AlihARN, 6d second-st., Baltimore, Md. From ELIJAH WILLARD. Wheelock., Vt., Oct. 21, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Genis. Mv corn, potatoes ana garaen vege tables received a liberal dressing of the Vermont Phosphate, aud richly repaid me for the outlay. The increased yield of potatoes alone more than paying for all 1 used on my farm. 1 consider it a good investment, and shall use much more an other year. From ALONZO BEJMIS. Willouguby Lake, Vt., Nov. 26, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gents. I used the Vermont &ueerpnospnate the past season, on corn, potatoes and turnips with the most gratifying results, and having made thorough and caretul comparative trials of the various phosphates, I find the Vermont to be a superior article, unexcelled by anything in the market. ALONZO BEMIS. From WM. HOFFMAN. Lykdon, Vt., Oct. 15, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gents. I have made it a rule to use Super phosphate on turnips, if no where else, as its ef lec upon that crop are very marked. The past sea:on has been very unfavorable for turnips, yet I had a good yieid of nice turnips, sown with ihe ermont superphosphate. W M. MUr t AlAiM. From ABEL B. GOSS. Loweh Waiekfobd, Oct. 31, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gems. Mv corn land was all manured broad cast and plowed in, aud piauted as follows: 1 wo rows with Vermont phospnate, two rows without anything, then two rows wilh Bradley's, and thrn the Vermont again, and so on through the piece. That which was photpuated ripened ten days earlier, producing much more than that not phosphaied, ail doing nobly but decicedly the Heaviest yield from the Vermont phosphate. The same was true in potatoes, planted on green sward without niauure, and after the same meth od followed in the corn, excepting that I used plaster in the two rows between the Vermont and Bradley's, In harvesting I got the same from the plaster 1 did from Bradley's phosphate, whiie the Vermont yielded some bufheJs more in each row. I am satisfied it pays well wherev er I have used it. ABEL B. GOSS. austere as we proclaim tt, behold vour ot government we serve under him, as what ausvyer! See whether you have" yet -ne ,! Yse WT h?e in If Alexauder . . , 4 .1 . Selkirk had taught his cannibal islanders lesisted unto blood; study m that nu- the doctrines of th Kihi ,.,i tw ua it thoroughly, drive the hoons. paint it well, and mould, vermin, insects aruTflies Rural that whey and barley meal con will not molest it. Mr. Cowles also gives 8tltute the Deat lood lor pigs, and pro- ua this information. . , ' uuce the most delicately flavored ba con. In feeding there should be no If well seasoned shingles be dipped I change from sour to sweet and vice m lime wash, and dried before laying. I versa, as these changes are apt to in .they will last much longer, and notduce derangement in health, often re- bocomo covered with moss. suiting in loss of ammala To cure a dog of sheep kiliiug, let him see the sheep he has killed ; iu his presence take off the pelt, fasieu it tight around him, and make him wear it from one to three days. Muck should not be applied to the fields until it has been exposed to the atmosphere for six months or more, and composted with lime or un- leached ashes. There are 148,000 shade trees in Paris principally the Elm, Plane, Horse Chestnut, Maple, Linden, Aca cia and the Alianthus. Pear blight still puzzles the horti culturist. The best remedy known is to plant two trees fer every one that dies. A correspondent of the Country Home says : "It is not generally be lieved, but it is true, that broad,square breasted hen3 make the best layers." Sweet oil is recommended as a cure for bots in horses. Early Rose. Mr. Albert Bresee, of Hubbarton, the originator of the Early Rose potatoe, has sold ten bush els of that variety for $700. The Path of the Just. His glorv is from within. It is radiation. Put him where you will, he shines and cannot but shine. God made him to shine. For instance: im prison Joseph, and lie will shine out on all Egypt, cloudless as the sky where the rain never falls. Imprison Daniel, aud the dazzled lions will re tire to their lairs, aud the king comes forth to worship at his rising and all Babylon ble-s the beauty of the bright er and better day. Imprison Peter, and, without an angel for a harbinger star, he will swell his aurora from the fountains ol Jordan to the wells of Beersheba and break like the morn ino; over mountain and sea. Itnpris ou Paul, aud there will be high noon over all the Roman Empire. Impris on John, and the Isles of the -iEgeau and all the coast arouud will kindle with sunset visions too gorgeous to be described, but never to be forgotten, ill n t a uouiiaiess panorama ol propnecv gliding from sky to sky,ind enchant ing the nations with openings of Heav en, transit of saints and angels, aud the uitimuto giory of the city and king dom ol (jrod. rsot only so, for mod ern times have similar examples ex amples in tlie church aud examples in the slate. For instance, bury Luther in the depths of Black Forest, and "the angel that dwelt in the bush" will honor him there; the trees ar ouua mm win turn nice snait3 oi ru by ,and his giowiug orbs loom up again, round aud clear, as the light of all Europe. Thrust Bunyan into the gloom of Bedford jail and as he leans on his hand, the murky horizon of Britain will flame with fiery symbols "delec table mountains" and celestial man sious. with holy pilgrims grouped on the golden hill, aud bands of bliss, from the gates of pearl, hastening to welcome them home. Rev. Dr. T. H. Stockton. age the measure of your duties; it is believed and obeyed, they might have a man use you wno stauas as your example, and he is made mau only for you. Ecce Homo! Behold ihe man ! But behold your work and the consummation of your iniquity and iu- gratitude if you are sinners; behold the barbarous act which you repeat whenever you consent to crime ; be hold the Body which you dishonor whenever you dehie your own ; be hold the noble b with thorns whe made their own form, and elected their own ministers, and been as true a Church of Christ as the Church at Corinth, though they had never seen another priest or lay man. So broad are scripture principles so narrow are sectarian opinions. G. W. Horn, in Christian Advocate, uptuousuess, reviewed with pleasure, trace dangerous impressions on vour mind ; behold the scoffs which you re peat when you ridicule the piety of the Righteous I Behold the Sacred Flesh which )uu pierce when yon de stroy the reputation of your brethren; in one word, behold your condemna tion aud your work ! Behold the man 1 Ecce Homo! Cau this sight leave you insensible ; Jlust lie ascend Calvary again ? Will you join your voice to those of the faithless Jews, (Job Things Worth Knowing I know that my Redeemer liveth. xix. 25.) 1 know in whom I have believed, aud row which you crown ain Persuaded that He is able to keep that nrviT s.-.'iip nf vi. Nhlch 1 have committed unto Him against notr hiAiies OI vo- tlHt a,.v .Tjm ; io and demand afresh ?" that He be crucified The Iron Bar. Here is a good lesson from an iron bar. Read it children : A bar of iron worth five dollars, worked into horse shoes, is worth $10,50; made into needles, it is worth $355 ; made into pen-knife blades, it is worth $3,295 ; made into balance springs of watches, it is worth $250,000. What a drilling the poor bar must undergo to reach all that ; but hammered, and beaten and pounded, and polished, how was its value increased ! It might well have quivered and complained under the hard knocks n got ; but were they not all necessary to draw out its fine qualities, and fit it for higher of- ces ? And so, my children, all the drilling and training which you are subjected to in youth, and which often seem so hard to you, serve to bring out your nobler and higher qualities, and fit you for more responsible posts and greater usefulness in the world. Il lustrated Christian. i e know that lie was manifested to take away our sins. (1 John iii. 5.) We know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God. a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. (2 Cor. v. 1.) W e know that when He shall aooear. we shall be like Him ; tor we shall see Him as He is. (1 John iii. 1.1 A Word About Social Prayer. Be reverent. Do not address God in the conversation tone in which you speak to your brethren. If the Holy Snirit has stirred vnn nn call nnnn i i r God, do not try to be attractive or el oquent. Do not indulge in flignts of fancy. Do not 'journey among the stars," or "ride the foaming main." Remember those around you, not that you may impress them with admira tion of yourself, but in simple, direct language, you may express their de sires as well as your own, and remem ber God as "the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity," and as ac cessible only through the merits of Jesus! Do not forget that we have no right to come into the presence of God 1 Do not offend Him by irrever ence of approach to a mercy seat sprinkled with the blood of his Son. Illustrated Christian. Going to Jesus. A Christian mother was once show. ing her little girl, about five years old, a picture representing Jesus hold ing an infant in his arms, while the mothers were pushing their children toward Him. "There, Carrie I" said her mother, "this is what I should have done with you, if I had been there." "I wouldn't be pushed to Je sus," said little Carrie, with beautiful an i touching earnestness ; "I'd go to him without pushing." Ihe Bible Treasury. The Dignity otour Service. Precious beyond rubies is the ideal ism which can invest with celestial dignity the ' earthly avocation, and which, even when the hands are engag ed in downright drudgery, can lid the inind with noble thoughts, and carry you through the daily task as a son or daughter of the king. Pearl of Parables. The Baptists of Indiana have 475 churches, 285 ordained ministers, and a membership of 31,659.' The conditions the easiest to live in according to the world, are the most difficult according to God ; and vice versa. Nothing is so difficult, ac cording to the world, as the religious life; nothing is easier according to God. Nothing is more easy than to live in a high position, and to have great wealth, according to the world ; nothing is more difficult than to live in them, according to God, without taking part and pleasure in them. rascal. Would to God that .all the party iiitmes and unscriptural phrases and forms which have divided the Chris tian world were forgotten ; and that we might sit down together, as hum ble,1 loving diciples, at the feet of our common Master, to hear his word, im bibe his Bpirit and transcribe his life mio our own. John rvcsley. - If you have spiteful enemies, live, and uiaappoint tueir maievoience. . E ARLY ROSE POTATOE. o o One lb. Early Rose sent by mail, post-paid, $1. 4 lbs. Early Rose, sent by mail, post-paid, 3 00 Best Spring Wheat in the world; the earliest and most productive corn; wonderful yielding oats white and black weighing 45 pounds to the bushel ; Spring Barley; Grass seed; iowis, Eggs, Hogs, the great Feed Cutter. Send for the Experimental i arm Journal most valuable Magazine issued in this country only $1 60 per year. Subscribe it you want to make your tarm pay. Address oeu. A. DEriZ.Chambershurg. Fa. A DAY to agents selling Silver's Pa tent Elastic Brooms. Horace Greeley says : "1 predict its success." CLEGG & CO.. 38 Cortlandt-st., N. Y. 10 mom SALARY. Address U. S. Piano Co,, N. Y. TVEBRASKA, its soil, climate, people, &c. A 1 1 pamphlet for 25c. Address Cropsev & Bain. Lincoln, Nebraska. AGENTS WANTED for the only steel en graving of Gen. Grant and his family, pub lished with their approval. Size 15x19. Address GOODSPEED & CO., 37 Park Row. N. Y. GRAY'S N. E. REAL ESTATE JOURNAL, Published at No. 4 Scollay's Building, Bos ton, contains matter of interest to the owners. purchasers and sellers of every description of Real Estate throughout the country. Issued semi-monthly, on the 1st and 15th of every month, at $1 per annum. Send 5c tor specimen copy. VINEGAR from Cider, Wine, Molatses, or Sorghum, in ten hours, without using acids or drugs. For terms and other information, ad dress SAGE VINEGAR WORKS, Cromwell, Conn. WANTED AGEN1S To sell the Ameri can Knitting Machine. Price 25. Ihe simplest, cheapest snd best Knitting Machine ever invented. Will knit 20,000 stitches per min ute. Liberal inducements to agents. Address AMERICAN KNITTING MACHINE CO., Boston, Mass., or St. Louis, Mo. A SK your Doctor or Druggist for Sweet Qui A. nine it equals (bitter) Quinine. Is made only by F. STEARNS, Chemist, Detroit. i VALUABLE MEDICAL BOOK! L Containing Important Physiological Infor mation jo yonng men contemplating marriage, sent tree on receipt ot "Zd cents. Address the CHEMICAL INSTITUTE, 43 Clinton Place, N. Y. 1 1 THIRTY YEARS' EXPERIENCE in the A Treatment of Chronic and Sexual Diseases. A Physiological View of Marriage. The cheap est book ever published containing nearly three nnnurea pages, ana iiu Dne plates and engray mgs ot tne anatomy oi tne human organs in a state of health and disease, with a treatise on early errors, its deplorable consequences on the mind and body, with the author's plan of treat ment the only rational and successful mode of cure, as shown by a report of cases treated. A truthful adviser to the married and those con templating marriage who entertain doubts of tneir pnysicai condition, oent iree oi postage on receipt of 25 cents, in stamps or postal currency, by addressing Dr. L.A CROIX, No. 31 Maiden Lane, Albany, N. Y. The author may be con salted upon any of the diseases upon which his book treats, either personally or by mail, and meuicincs sent to any pan oi me worm. CiOMFORT, CONVENIENCE, SAFETY to ' the Married, or those contemplating mar riage, an indispensable article will be sent by mail, securely enclosed without risk of detection. It can be washed when soiled, and with proper care will last three months. Incfose 50 cents for one, or $1 for three. Please advise the sex for which required. Address P. O. Box 1904, Bos ton, mass. JJATRONISE THE BEST. Xirigliam. & Go's i Q J J ONE DOLLAR SALE. We sell all kinds of Dry, Fancy and Staple vruuus mo uuuurui price ui ' ONE DOLLAR. The smallest article sold for one dollar can be exchanged for a Silver-plated Five-bottled Re volving Castor, or your choice of a large variety of other articles upon exchange list. Circulars describing goods sent free to any address. Send for one. t-I t BRIGHAM & CO., 71 Congress-sin Boston, Mass. fFrom TIIOS. J, BARKEH. Sltton, Vt., Oct. 21, 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gents. in putting Superphospnate on to my India wheat and turnips, I left a portion of the fields to see what diflerence it made. I found your phosphate fully as good as any in tne mar ket, and think it gives large returns, as mose portions ot my fields not phosphated did not y ield more than one-third as much as the same am ount ot ground well phosphated. 1. J. 13AllKH.lt. From 31. J. CONAuNT, Gheensboko, Vt., Sept. 29, 1868. Paddock, Dean $ Co., Gents. I had your phosphate tor my garaen, wheat, potatoes, etc. 1 never had so good a gar den, and as I applied it to a part only of each held, I had a fine chance to see it as see it I could, so far as I could see my fields. My wheat done full as well this year as it did in the same ground last year with heavy manuring, and tho' the yield is not so much as I wish, 1 think the fault is in my seed. MAlt X J. CUiMAJMi. From ASA MARTIN, West Bueke. Vt.. Oct. 12. 1868. Paddock, Dean & Co., Gents, I put your phosphate on to wheat, turnips, hops, grass, etc, receiving marked ieiie tit in all cases ; but more esbecially on the grass and wheat, which throughout the season remem bered the slight dressing given them, and made satisfactory returns. Having satisfied myselt that your phosphate has no superior in the mar ket, and pays large returns on its cost, 1 shall use it freely in the future. OW17 ASA MAR J. liN. DERBY NURSERY. BARTLETT BRYANT, - Proprietors. Over 20 Acres of choice, hardy, grafted Fruit Trees. It is situated 3 1-2 miles east of Memphrema gog Lake, in the flourishing village of DERBY CENTER, VT., on Main street, 1-8 of a mile north of the new Seminary Buildings, and 1-8 ot a mile south of the Soldiers' Monument, 3 1-2 miles from Stan- stead, r. Q., the Canada .Line. Having had FIFTEEN YEARS EXPERIENCE in raising li-ii it Trees, in this northern climate, I find that there aie but few variues of ENGLISH APPLFS that are hardy enough to do well in this latitude. My experience in HORTICULTURE has been rather expensive, costing me much la bor and the loss oi many thousands ot trees that would not stand this climate. I have selected a few varieties of English Apples, natives of Cana da which I now have the pleasure of offering the public. Also a small supply of the CELEBRATED PEACH APPLE, a large fine eating apple, of very hardy, which has flourished in Canada over 50 years. I have selected, also, over 30 va rieties of SELECTED CRAB APPLES of superior SIZE AND QUALITY, the frnit being twice as large as the New York Hyslop and Transcendant Crabs, and far excel for "Wine, eating and all culinary purposes. They are all natives of this climate, and all the varieties bear fruit from 4 to 8 inches in circum frence. I have also in connection with the above the choicest collection of GRAPES, CURRANTS, PLUMBS, STRAWBERRIES, GOOSEBERRIES, - i Ac., &c. For further particulars send for catalogue. N. B. Beware of Southern or Western Trees at any price, for thus far they have proved worthless in our climate. - AGENTS. R. C. Bryant, Derby Center, Vt. ; James Hun toon, Ejst Orange ; Judge Douglass, Craftsbury; Charles lngalls, Lyndon ; L. C. Kenney, Pas sumpsic, trJNling agent. 1016 Buffalo, Coon and Fox Skin Robes. Horse Blankets and Sleigh Bells at S.&D. Blue Mixed, Red, Checked and Striped Shirt ing Flannels at SKINNER & DREW'S. , AO,