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ORLEANS. INDEPENDENT STANDARD. VOLUME 15. 1 i ' 1 1 1 ) S ! 1 Beligious Department Rt. M m. A. ROBINSON, Editor. " In euentialt unity, in non-et'enlialt liberty, in an tnimji enaruy." "Unlhanked SelfDenial." Those who have had the pleasure of read ing Prof. Thelps' "Solitude of Christ," and enjoyed it as it is worthy to be enjoyed, both as literary production and as a power to soothe and comfort, will doubtless recollect in what connection he uses the expression, "unthanked self denial." Uappy are those who do not fully under stand by experience, the soul-stirring, grief causing, effects of such an expressive phrase. We have been led to think much of receut statements, with regard to t'lesudden death of our great War Secretary. Some affirm ing that his death was hastened by a keen and bitter sense of the lack of a just ap preciation of his labors and self-sacrifice, while one friend anxious for his reputa tion thinks him too grent a man to suffer to such a degree from such a cause. But to my mind it is no detraction from his greatness to know that he yearned to be appreciated. Did not One who spoke as man never spake, evince something of this feeling in his question to Simon, son ol Jonas, and also in addressing another, "Have I been so long time with you, ami yet hast thou not known me Philip?" It' the happiness of our Saviour vns, and is, affected by the love and regard of this, in it any disparagement to U;e memory of our late Secretary, that he suffered a it is now supposed he did Doubtless in the vigor and strength of manhood his close Dupli cation to business duties, and his desire to serve his country brought sufficient reward, but when after being over-burdened and worn out in the service of his country, suf fering from that worn-out fei ling of both nerve and njuscle, which inu-t be felt to be understood or sympathized with it is easy to see how a great and noble mind could suffer so intensely from " unthanked self-denial." While many others in power were filling their own pockets gratifying their own love for ease, or sacrificing hon esty of purpose for self aggrandizement and family promotion. Mr Stanton was faith ful to his great trust, choo-ing rather to be misunderstood and unappreciated than stoop to lower measures to secure his own self-good. Had hi own i.ol'.e self-sacrificing services been met with expressions of right appreciation -o grateful to every human heart, how different might have been the results. In contemplating thi;- and kindred sub jects is it not well for us all to look about and see if no christian duty is being neg lected in our own immediate circle. Are there no over-taxed, over burdened ones struggling with adverse circumstances, burying all in their own hearts, rather than complain ef their hardships? Are there none who are now suffering from the effects of long and patient toil, saddened with a lack of proper appreciation, fcelim: the full force of "unthanked self-denial,' perpaps bereft of every source of mere earthly en joyment, thrown upon the mercy of friends who have it in their power to soothe and comfort with words of love ami tones of appreciation, or to wound still deeper by cold indifference, a careless lack of atten tion, orcruel neglect? Am christians, are we not too apt to study our own comfort, un mindful of the burdens and caresof others, being more ready to reap the benefits of another's toil and self-sacrifice, than to cheer and comfort those who have spent their strength and energies in securing the means for our present enjoyments. Let us give this more than a passing thoiiirht.and decide as to present duty. Which' think you is the happiest man the Cleveland friend, who, one year ago, so kindly sent to Mr. Stanton a check of five thousand dollars, having heard indirectly of his need of means to regain his health, or the cold hearted ones, who, knowing his severe la- bora in times past, never gave him a tho't farther than to enjoy the noble results of his long continued labors. Few of us have it in our power to send a check to our friends, or even small sums of money, but God baa given us all the means of cheering saddened hearts with a kimHy look all, have the power to change a word of cold indifference to one of christian courtesy, and thus obey the injunction of one who spoke with our good in view, when he in serted in the inspired volume, "I!e pitiful, be courteous." v. Lowell, Maa8., Jan. 20, 1S7. left the cradle. Paul cries out against such with righteous indignation : "When ye ought to be teachers, ye hare need that we teach you again which be the first prin ciples of the oraclea of God ; and are be come such have need of milk, and not of strong meat." Why is this T Because they do not prac tice gospel addition. How few have any realizing sense that there is such a progress in the divine life from day to day, or even from year to year ! Many look back to their conversion as the brightest spot in their history, and think that, if they can occasionally have an experience somewhat akin to that, they are doing finely. Gener ally they fall far below that low watermark and groan out : "Whers u the blessedness I kaew When first I sw the Lord ?" When they get there, they ting, "What tongue can express The sweet comfort and peace Of a son I in its earliest lore !" And then they are only lisping the first letters of the alphabet. Oh. how the bible stirs up such lag gards. "Let us go on to perfection," cries Fuul. "Add to your faith virtue," and the whole catalogue of the christian graces, shouts the fcrreut Peter; for, so doing, "ye shall never faH," but have an "abundant entrance" into glory. Unceasing progress ion produces astounding results. Oneccnt put out at 7 per cent, compound interest when Columbus discovered America would have amounted now to more than our en tire national debt. If we "grow in grace," and keep growing, none can tell what full ness of grace and nobleness of character the humblest disciple may attain. We are to think of religion no otherwise than a life-work. We are to make it our daily and most earnest business. The ob ject of life, so far as we are personally con cerned, is not our business nor our pleas ure, not society nor success ; but that by no means of all these things as instruments wc may work out a holy character. Your pen, your checks, your houses, your shops, your books are all your chisels, and your soul the statue. Said Carey, in his old age, when his grammars and versions of the Holy Scrip tures in the dialects of the heathen millions he went to evangelize were almost a library, "There is one thing I can do I can plod." Success for a time and success for eternity alike are won not by those who, under the pressure of a fierce impulse, put forth stren uous but transient endeavors; butby those who tirelessly toil on in the way they have deliberately chosen. The promise of etern al life is "to them who by patient continu ance in well doing seek for glory and hon or and immortality." Hut let no toiling, struggling soul forget that all this effort is to be put forth with constant self distrust and trust in God. "Prayer and pains," wrote Eliot, at the end of his Indian grammar "Prayer and pains through faith in Jesus Christ, can do any thing." What did they do in his case? lie mastered an unwritten language, cre ated its alphabet, wrote it, made its gram mar, translated the scriptures into it, and taught it to the natives; and in doing all ihis he was himself immeasurably blessed. Ht. Cyrus 7. lost in Independent. Stand Like the Anvil. The following poem by Bibhop Doane, sug gested by the immortal words of Ignatius' mes sage to Polycarp, is remarkable for its force and terseness as for the noble spirit ot endurance that breathes in every line : "Stand like the anvil," whe the stroke Of stalwart men falls fierce and fast. Storms but more deeply root the oak, Whose brawny arms embrace the blast. "Stand like the anvil," when the sparks Fly far and wide, a fiery shower. Virtue and truth must still be marks Where malice proves its want of power. "Stand like the anvil," when the bar Lies red and glowing on its breast ; Duty shall be life's leading star, And conscious innocence its rest. "Stand like the anvil," noise and heat Are born of earth and die with time; The soul, like God, its source and seat, Is solemn, mil, serene, sublime. Gospel Addition. How vast is the difference between saints on earth and saints in heaven. They bow before (iod with pure devotion and wor ship him with perpetual rapture. They peer into the marvels of the Almighty's domain with eye undimmed; and even be hold his face with a gaze which is at once satisfying and transforming. They weep no more, sin no more, err no more, are tempted no more. They join, w ith voices which not all the harmonious thunders of heaven's mighty minstrelsy can drown, in that peerless anthem which goes up from ten thousand times ten thousand, "Worthy is the Lamb that was slain." Wc worship God, alasl how poorly, and w ith how little affluent emotion. Our views ot him are always narrow and often mistaken. We are shut in by the limitations of time and sense and sin. We grope and wander and doubt. We hesitate to commit ourselves to infinite power and boundless mercy. We shrink Irom the embrace of arms which are almighty, even though they wait to press us to a heart which is all-loving. Wc send up feeble, broken, discordant songs into that ear, which, not all the perfect praises of the skies can beguile from list ening to our poor lispings. How vast is the difference between the most mature and the least mature disciples here on earth. Look at that mature Chris tian, whom many years of constant prayer and faithful service have brought into won drous sympathy with the Master, and in to prompt and habitual obedience to his commands ; whose great thought every day is how to love and please him more ; whose business and pleasures arc all consecrated to God. His richest joy is in divine com munings. He can say, with Paul, "I live, yet not I ; Christ liveth in me." He great ly enjoys the means of grace, yet he is not dependent on them. He welcomes every spring of comfort which it pleases God to open for him in the desert world ; but, if he is cutoff from the ordinances of the sanctuary, and his worldly comforts fail, go, listen at the door of that narrow cham ber, where sickness confine him and pov erty tries him, and you shall hear his tremulous yet trustful and triumphant ong: "Content with beholding His lace, My all to His pleasure resigned, No changes of season or place Can make any change in my mind. While blest with a sense of His love, A palace a toy would appear ; And prisons would palaces prove, If Jesus would dwell with me t'aere." In contrast to this life-picture of what grace an do even here, look now at that immature disciple, who neglects so many duties and cornmiU so many sins; who has so few comfort of grace and so many twinges of self reproach ; who is so unsyui metrical and poorly established. You can asily find him. He belongs to a aumer oui family. The church is full of grown up babes, old Infanta, professors who have been in the church long enough to have reached "the measure of the stature of the fuUatai of Chriat," but who have nver Jesus as a Worker. There is a characteristic of some modern christian .work which is thus sometimes painfully obtrusive. There are persons who can never help a man, especially a poor man, without giving him some advice about his soul. Some, indeed, venture on this only with the poor, as if they were nec essarily farthest from the kingdom of heav en. They are either afraid to say to their equals or superiors in rank what they say to a sick laborer, or they conceive that the gift of some money or food buys a right to add a few words about religion. They give a ticket and a tract to the pauper, at a ven ture, not knowing whether he is good or bad. They bow and smile when "my lord" shakes hands with them, though they may know him to be one to whom godly advice might be useful, though not acceptable. . I do not, of course, mean to imply that they are bound to take upon themselves the office of public censors, eitherof rich or poor. I only protest against a one-sided caricature of the christian rule, that in our work and conversation weshould look more to God's honor than human convenience and courtesy. Our example, Jesus, the Perfect Man, though he came, and openly professed that he came, to do God's will, was frequently content to perform a good deed, and let the good deed speak for itself. Nay, when he spoke of God, it was often rather when he received than when he conferred an obli gation. He taught the Samaritan woman, whom he asked to give him a drink. He rebuked Simon the Pharisee, when he sat at his table. But it is remarkable that in many cases he did a kindness, and then left those whom he helped to learn the lea- sons which it might teach them. When he healed a leper he did not moralize on the analogy between leprosy and sin. When he raised the ruler's daughter he command' ed that something should be given her to eat. When he cured the impotent man bv the pool of Bcthesda, it was not till after wards when he found him in the temple, that he said unto him, "Behold, thou art made whole ; sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon thee." There was in him a conspicuous absence of that immediate accompaniment of pious language to good deed which sometimes characterizes the religious philanthropist. In this we may learn from Jesus. If the love of God be warm in our hearts, it will reveal itself without our always talking about the connection between the human and divine, or we shall find occasion to show it without risking the danger of cast ing pearls before swine, and exposing it to needless contempt. We may thus learn from the religious works of Jesus. We may realize the aim of all religion. We should think more of this thanof the detail of its form. Our work is to serve God; to promote in ourselves, and therefore neces sarily in others, the love of truth, justice and mercy. But if we stop to speculate too much on the forms of our religion, we are like workmen who should spend so much labor on the sharpening of their tools as to have no time in which to use them. Or, if we think our religion a separate thing, rather than one whose spirit should enter into the whole duty of man, and be radi cally Joined and interwoven with all true work, we are like those jealous members of a craft who prize the exclusiveness of their trades above the good results which skilled labor bestows on the communitv. The Perfect Man. Borrowers of Trouble. Our relations of knowledge to the events of the future are those of partial and im perfect sight While we cannot and should not wholly exclude coming time from our thoughts, and thus live only in the present, it is equally true that we can never fully penetrate its secrets. Much of it must of necessity be unknown, except to that Be ing with whom a thousand years ate as one day, and one day as a thousand years. Such being the state and also the limita tion of human knowledge, then properly to deal with the future, especially in refer to its unknown and unexplored events, is a point of practical wisdom that has a very vital bearing upon one's happiness. It is just here that the borrowers of trouble usu ally commit their great mistake. Not con tent patiently to bear the trials and burdens of the present, they send a telegraphic dis patch into the future, to get the first news of what may be. Tney reckon up the ac count of what is to be in gloomy figures, and hence manage to bring themselves largely in debt to prospective calamity. There are no special reasons in their case, different from those which are common to all men, why they should turn prophets against themselves and against the benev olence of God. It is their habit tiius to meditate and speculate in reference to the coming future. An augury of evil belongs to the quality of their vision rather than to any existing facts which either demand or justify it. Sternly and terribly do these croaking borrowers of trouble pay for this menta habit. It alwavs charges them a very high rate of interest. They would "be quite se rene in thought, and content to delight themselves with the blessings and joys of the present hour, if they did not anticipate so much evil that they may never live to experience. Things a.s they are would make them composed and happy, if they did not cruelly murder their own peace with morbid dreams. At every turn and corner of lifethey are on the look out for evil tidings. What is to be is so promin ent an object of anxious thought that they have very little relish for what is. They hence destroy both the present and the fu ture, except as elements of mental afflic tion. Of course, they are not and cannot be hopers. They are too mopish to hope and far too heavily laden with evil proph ecy to enjoy the real blessings of life, or do its work with effective vigor. Make the resent ever so balmy and inviting, and they have not the good sense toaccept itiu thankfulness; and if a slight cloud should happen to overhang it, then the future will be as dark as Egyptian midnight. Such persons we have known in the church and out of it, and always known them sincerely to pity them. Their moods of mind keep their bosoms in a constant turmoil; and so long as these moods remain, there is no rest for them any where, or under any cir cumstances. Ihev are their own victims. In one sense we look upon them as cow ards, not sufficiently heroic hopefully to make the voyage of life. In another sense they are the chronic subjects of a severe and permanent mental dyspepsia. It is a very simple matter to give the diagnosis. of this cowardice or disease, call it which you please, its symptoms are per fectly obvious ; but it is not so easy to pre scribe the remedy and induce the patient to take it. And vet it is alwavs true of every one who makes it a business to bor row trouble from the future,, that he must himself correct his own errors of thought, or pay the penalty in a perpetual disquie tude. This he must do, or life will be to him a wretched and gloomy day. The great difficulty is with himself, and not with things. While there is a prudential wisdom in always preparing for the worst there is equal wisdom in always hoping for the best. Hope is better than despair. The one is a power, and the other a weak ness and a calamity. Attend then to the duties of the present ye persistent and stereotyped borrowers o trouble, and make good use of it in its priv ileges and enjoyments, seek to be happy just as you are, and let the future take care of itself or, rather, let (iod take care of it. God will manage its events according to the sovereign pleasure of his own wise and unerring will. To leave it with him in fil ial reliance upon his paternal providence of wisdom and grace is far better than to be forever torturing one's self with fruitless sighs over what may be. This course is alike conducive to the peace and virtue of the soul, while the opposite is friendly to neither. So live as to give no just occasion for the evil surmisings of a guilty con science, so live as to have nothing- to fear from the existence and attributes of God, and then understand once for all. and for ever that this God is pledged to make all things work together for your good. Doing this you may safely leave hisunwriten will to be published when and as it shall please him. Doing this, you will be more moral heroes in life, and triumphant victors in death. Take the remedy and be at peace,' ye borrowers of trouble ! We know of no oiner prescription mat is suitea to your case, or that promises an effective cure. A Form of Cannibalism. If I were to take you to my house, and say that I had an exquisitely fat man, and wished you to join me in eating him, your indignation could be restrained by nothing. You would pronounce me to be crazy. There is not a man in New York so mean that. he would not put down a man who would propose to have a banquet off from a fellow man, cutting steaks out ot him.and eating them. And that is nothing but feast ing on the human body; while they all will sit down, and take a man's soul, and look for the tender loins, and invite their neighbors to little tit-bits. They will take man's honor and name, and broil them over the coals of their indignation, and fill the whole room with the aroma thereof, and give their neighbors apiece, and watch him, and wink as he tastes it. You all eat men up, and you are cannibals, every one of you and worse. You will be glad to get off, at God's judgment seat, with the plea : "I only ate the outside." You only eat the souls the finest elements of men, You are more than glad if you can whisper a word that is derogatory to a neighbor, or his wife, or his daughter. And yet, by an oblique sentence, you make unfavorable impressions on the mind of the person addressed, in respect to the subject of your criticism. "Ah 1" he says, "I had not been informed ;" and he goes to the next neighbor and says, "Mr. So- and-so savs this and that about So-and-so." And that neighbor says, "Indeed," and runs to his partner, and they both run to their wives, and the thing goes all over town. Everybody becomes an unpaid dev il's mail carrier, and goes here and there, bearing infernal messages. And what is the result? It is damnation to some poor creature that is unconscious, or that is in nocent, or that, if guilty, ought to be pitied and succored, rather than condemned. But ah ! the morsel is too exquisite to be lost. Here is the soul of a person's hope for this world, aud you have it on your fork, and you cannot refrain from tasting it, and give it to some one else to taste. You are can nibals eating men's honor and name, and rejoicing in it and that, too, when you do not always know that the things charged against them are true; when, iu ninety nine cases out of a hundred, the probabili ties are that thev arc not true. FScerher. House, Farm and Garden. I. D. R. COLLINS. Editor. ' Straining at a Gnat." ' Ye pav the tilhe of mint and anise and cum min and have omitted the weightier matters of t 2a : 23. Two noted Greek pirates were once cap tured and condemned to death at Malta. t was observed that thebeefand anchovies among the stores of a captured English hip had alone remained untouched. They were asked the cause of this singular pro- Craftsbury Farmers' Club. Subject Resolved that stock raising is the most profitable ot any branch of farming. A. A. Randall Did not suppose it was the best way for farmers to confine their whole attention to the raising of cattle, or any other one thing in particular. The best course for us to pursue in relation to this matter was to diversify our efforts, and whatever we do, to be persistent and thor ough in doing it. Any branch of farming will, pay if the labor devoted to it is done as it should be. Believes we can raise stock with as much profit as we can make butter, if we take as much pains with our calves and other young cattle as we do with our cows. Bv obtaining the best breeds we can just as well raise calves, which at six to eight months old, will dress from four to five hundred as to raise the small, ill shaped calves that the majority of iarni ers now raise, and which bring only six to eight dollars per head and are dear to the buyer at that. Although it requires a lit tle more capital to stock a farm with the Durham cattle than it does with the na tive breed, he believed the farmer would be abundantly repaid in the enhanced pri ces which he would obtain for his surplus stock. Since he had kept the Durham breed his ctlves had sold for from twenty five to one hmdred dollars each. Eor dairy purposes, ht considered this breed fully equal to any, aud cited several instances where the cows of this breed had yielded very large quantities of butter. Wm. J. Hastings thought stock raising might be profitable if we obtain the right kinds from which to raise our cattle. But although this hisiness may pay the farmer a small profit Ik was decidedly of the opin ion that where farmers wers so situated that they could keep cows, they had better keep them in preference to any thing else. Believed that ke could buy his cows for his dairy, as long as somebody else would raise them, cheaper than raise them him self. Perhaps Mr. Raudall and some oth ers may be so situated that they can derive a larger net income from producing young cattle and beef, but the generality of farm ers would find it for their interest to retain their dairies and make no change in this respect. The West can produce beef and tie law, judgment, mercy, and faith." Matthew mutton cheaper than we can and conse quently undersell us in the eastern markets, and as long as this state of things exists it behooves us to produce such articles as come not in competition with Western pro I ducts. The West either could or would not make butter and cheese to any great extent, and as long as we comparatively cedure, and replied that it was the time of have the nionopoly of manufacturing these the great last ot the church, lliey would two articles ws had better bend our ener not commit such a sin as tasting ot hsh or gjes j tn;8 direction and give these pro- flesh. I hey were plundering and murder- A,,tli thn rrefprpne to the exclusion rel ng men, women and helpless children, but ativelv of everything else. thev would not transgress the canons of their church by eating meat upon fast day, Thev looked to their strict observance of these things as a merit, for which (iod would grant them success in their infamous work. A man came down from the hills to a Neapolitan priest to confess a sin which lav heavy upon his conscience. In the busy easou of Lent, while engaged in making cheese, some of the whey had fallen upon his lips, and, miserable man that he was, be had swallowed it. "Free my distressed conscience,''" he be- ought, "from its agonies, by absolving me from my guilt." 'Have you no other sins to confess?" asked the priest. "No, I do not know that I have commit. ted anv other. ' We often hear of robberies and murders committed in vour mountains. Have vou never been concerned in these?" ''Ye, but all of us do these things. We never account them as crimes needing con fession and absolution." We may smile at such a type of consci entiousness, but if we search strictly our wn hearts, may we not find there some similar "straining at a gnat," which, with eur greater light, is far more inexcusable? Are we not all tempted to think more of a strict outward observance of our religious duties, than of deep, inward, hourly com- munion with Jesus? S.S. Timet. Faith as an Anchor. (jive the mariner a stout ship, a skillful captain, deep water, and plenty of sea- room, and he will be steady through any tempest, because the permanent outbalan ces tbc transient. So give a man, on this great sea of life, trustworthy reliance on God, let him know that he can trust in the depth and sweep of this divine nature, in the trustiness of these things that are about him ; let him see the eternal anchor ready to grapple and hold fast when all else fails and he will cheerfully face any tempest that can ever come. Robert Cbllyer. Selfish Praying. "Ob, sir," said a lean hearted believer to his pastor, "I have been praying a whole year that I might enjoy the comforts of re ligion, and get no answer to my prayers." "Go home now and pray, 'Father, glorify Thytelf," ' was the reply. Selfish prayer contains no nutriment . Let us read, mark! and learn. Evening Prayer. Take unto Thyself, O Father, 1 uis lolded day ot 1 tunc, Thii weary day of mine ; Its ragged corners cat me yet, 0, still they jar mid fret ! Father ! do not forget That I am tired With this day of Thine. Breathe Thy pure breath, wntching Father, On this marred day of Thine, This wandering day f mine ; Be patient with its blur and blot, Wash it white of stain and spot, Reproachful eyes ! remember not That I have grieved Thee, On this day of Thine' A. A. Randall what shall we do with our sour milk? We can feed it to calves at a greater profit than we can to hogs, and as long as this is the case he believed we had better do so. W. J. Hastings had no objections against raising calves as long as he could find pur chasers in the fall, but preferred not to winter them himself. Moses Root thought it self evident that stock raising is profitable, but the stock that we should raise should be mainly cows. The West can grow beef and wool at much les cost than we can in Vermont ; and it seemed to him that if we consulted our plain interests that we should not attempt to compete with that section by producing either of those articles. Let us go where we would in New England, wherever we find a farmer who has kept a dairy for a considerable length of time, we almost in variably find him in good circumstance's. This was the case in our own town, and gentlemen had only to compare the dairy men in this town with the stock raisers to become satisfied which is the most profita ble. Did not believe, however, in killing every calf, but should raise enough to keep our dairies good and perhaps to furnish beef for home use. Had tried several breeds and gave his preference to the Ayr shire as milkers. Geo. F. Sprague believed that we could not grow stock to sell and make it profita ble as to pursue some other branch of far ming. Considered it of little use to pro- Quickly. 1 duce an article and be obliged to sell it for Quickly young man ! Life is short. A I less than its bare cost as we now have to great work is belore you. It you would sell our beef in Kastern markets. Iliougu succeed in business, win your way to honor farmers may possibly live by producing and save your soul, you must do with your beef there is no need of following this busi- might what your hands find to do. You ness when they can do so much better by must work fast and well. The sluggard turning their attention to making butter dies. The wheels of time roll over him, and cheese. The end of all neat stock is and crush him while he sleeps. Aim high beef, and a person has but to compare the and work hard. Life is worth the living, income arising from a farm stocked with and heaven worth the gaining, and all will cows with the income from another farm be won or lost while the day goeth away. of equal capacity stocked with beef cattle Quickly, ye men of business and might! to become satisfied what kind of stock far- Your life is more tlyiu half gone already, mers should keep. But while dairying is You have passed the crest of the hill, and now carried on at a profit he thought there are looking toward the setting sun. That was still room for great improvement in young man who walks by your side, and regard to the quality of our cows. Did not calls you father, is growing tall and man- suppose that our native cows were equal to like, and begins to talk of the great things some of the fancy breeds, if we can rely he will do. He will increase, but you will upon what is reported concerning them. decrease. If vou have anything yet to do Had not had sufficient experience in re- for God or your own soul, you must do it gard to this subject to be entirely satisfied quickly. Shadows are falling, and the which breed he would prefer, but from his night cometh. present knowledge of the different breeds Quickly, ye aged men ! Once you thought lie concluded the Devons the best for beef three score and ten to be an endless time, and Devon grades the best for milk. and that so many years would never pass Jas. W. Simpson I believe it is a set awav. Thev have come and gone. Thev tied qnestion with farmers in this vicinity have left their mark upon you. Have they that the dairy takes the lead in making! lctt any monuments of good done, or made them money. I he question with the lar- record of a God gloufied? You have come mer is, how can I turn my hay, grain, &c, to iufirmities and trembling. Have you into money and not impoverish my farm ? come to masterly faith, and hope that looks and this question farmers in Northern Ver steadfastly to the end? mont have answered, and as I think, an- Ah ! quickly ye aged fathers aud gray-1 swered correctly, by stocking their farms headed sires ! Already the messengers of mainly with 'cows. But although they death begin to tender their services, and have got the right kind of stock lor this the end is at hand. I latitude it seems to me that they have not got the best quality, or the best breed, which is obtainable for butter and cheese making purposes. For dairvinir the nure Let us not be suspected of undervaluing biood Devons and Durhams are generally, the way of feeding commonly practiced,and that farmers should give their gram to their stock instead of selling it off their farms. E. L. Hastings believed if Mr. Simpson would read a little more closely and take a little more pains to observe the quality of the different breeds his prejudices would not run so high against the Durham stock, and that he would find the fact generally conceded that a cross of the Durham with other breeds furnishes the best milking stock known. Believed that farmers should raise some neat cattle, and that it paid as much profit as for the stock to consist of all cows. Sold a pair of calves last fall for sixty-five dollars that were raised on sour milk with the addition of a Biuall quantity of meal, and the price was not greater per pound than others got for ordinary calves. J. W. Simpson The mania for Durham stock prevails in some sections now very much as the mania for fine wool sheep did a few years ago, and very high prices are obtained in some cases, but predicted that the fever would soon subside and that far mers would soon get their eyes opened and abandon that breed in the same manner that they had fine wool sheep. G. W. Seaver There is no branch of ag riculture that pays so well as keeping cows, if they are well kept. No doubt there are cases where stock raising pays equally as well as anything, but such cases are excep tional and rare. For many years past the farmer who has kept a dairy has been cer- tain of remunerative profits, if he has giv en his dairy proper care and attention The income from a cow at the present time is from fifty to eighty dollars per year, and as a rule, there is no other animal on the farm that converts our hay and grain into money at so uniformly large profits as the cow. It requires about the same value of food to keep two calves a year that it does a cow, while the average value of the two calves at a year old is about one-half the gross income from the cow. I don't believ stock raising profitable at present prices of cattle ; had rather buy my cows than to raise them. It is true that if we all prac ticed buying cows there would soon be none for sale, but as long as somebody else will raise them I am contented to have them and I will buy mine. I have but little confidence in fancy breeds for the dairy, and believe we had not better change un less we can see good reasons for so doing, and so far I have seeen no reason to aban don the native breed. A. Morse thought that dairying and stock raising were intimately connected, and that both should receive a share of the far mer's attention. We want beef for home consumption, and did not believe in buy ing any farm product that can be raised without inconvenience or loss. Though some may be situated so that they had better keep cows altogether, yet among the generality of farmers a mixed stock had better be kept. Was of the opinion that the native cattle are superior to the fancy breeds and would attain to equal size and produce as much butter or cheese, if they received the same care and keeping. Tho't that farmers had better be cautious in con fiding in newspapers and fancy stock breed ers in relation to the management of their farms, and rely upon their own experience and common sense in deciding what system they should adopt. E. S. Gage had owned and raised Devon cattle, and considered them the best for this hilly country. They are hardy, act ive, of fair size, easily kept, mature early, and the grade cows are excellent for milk aud require less food in proportion to their weight than any other breed. Had owned aud kept some Durhams, but did not be lieve them adapted to this latitude. S. Roberts, from any experience of his own, was not prepared to decide which breed is the best. Had owned some of all sorU, and found that the better he kept them the better they paid him. Was not satisfied that we should give up raising stock, but believed it a good business if properly attended to. Thought that farm ers did not consider the difference in the labor of raising cattle and keeping a dairy. Had known some men to become wealthy by keeping young cattle, but observed that they always kept them well. The Toast for Labor. Here's to the man with homy hand, Who tags at the breathing bellows ; Where anvils ring in every land, He's loved by all good fellows. And here's to him who goes a-field. And through the globe is plowing. Or with stout arm the ax doth wield, While ancient oaks are bowing. Here's to the delver in the mine, The sailor on the ocean. With those of early craft and line, Who work with true devotion. Onr loves for her who toils in gloom, Where cranks and wheels are clanking ! Bereft is she of nature's bloom Yet God in patience thanking. A corse for him who sneers at toil And shuns his share of labor, The knave but robs his native soil. While leaning on his neighbor. Here may this truth be brought on earth, Grow more and more in favor. There Is no wealth but owes its worth To handicraft and labor . Then pledge the founders of our wealth-- The builders of our nation ; We know their worth, and now their health Drink we with acclamation. 9 2- 2 r- 3- e S. -s- "V a 5s 1 r a, o o r1 ri H r f. GET THE BEST O 72 2 v Washing Sweated Horses. A correspondent of the London Field savs he washes sweated horses iu cold wa ter with beneficial results, both in summer and in winter. After washing, the animal should be rubbed dry, as far as practicable, and the legs especially. Should the hair on them be too long to admit of this being sufficiently done, flannel bandages should be put on, and a woolen rug thrown loose ly over without a roller. In the course of an hour the horse will be tolerably dry, and should then have another rub down, and be clothed in the ordinary manner. If horses were treated in a more rational manner than is often the case, with pure air and 3 St. s5 5" 'A H A m o c CP to W W e Pi a Ed W AGRICULTURAL PAPEF IN AMERICA. IMPORTANT TO FARMERS, And all People Living in the Country. GREAT DISTRIUUTIOX OF SEWING MACHINES, CLOCKS, WATCHES, &C, The great New' York Agricultural, Horticul tural and general Family Paper, the Rt'RL AMERICAN, is FREE to January next! No scrupulous cleanliness, disease otherpaperof its class Is so large, nor so cheap, would be far less common. What is more refreshing to a man after nor so practical. It contains double the read- ing matter that can be found in other similar nulilioatinns. fur ihA RamA nrirp al SO a Year a hard day's shooting, or other luxurious ,inglyi and gi 00 in Clubs! Anew volume exercise, than a warm or cold bath ? And tne Fourteenth begins January 1st, 1870; I believe it to be equally so to the horse, and its subscribers will receive gratuitously To the tired hunter, a warm foot bath and the most magnificent distribution of elegant fomentation, if the animal is sufficiently quiet, is most refreshing. Some years ago I visited the royal sta bles at Buckingham Palace. There, as I was informed and at the time myself witnessed the operation every horse, sum mer and winter, was washed from head to foot with cold water, after returning from work, no matter whether it had been out one hour or six. After the ablution, scrap- First-class Sewing Machines, Eight day Clocks, solid Gold and other Watches, ever before offered ! Club agents are wanted every where, as the paper is National, and circulates in all the States and Territories. The general Premium List is more liberal than was ever be fore offered by any publisher in the United States. A splendid $40 SEWING MACHINE, (really worth gOO,) is offered FREE for a club that can be obtained anywhere in Three Days ! Magnifi cent IGHT DAY CLOCKS, worth Sla, for a club that may be got up in One D;iy ; with solid THE NEW ENGLAND HOMESTEAD, THE GREAT DOUBLE SHEET AGRICUL TURAL AND FAMILY WEEKLY'. THE EEMATNDER OF YEAR, FEEE. THE ing, rubbing, etc., a kind of web cloth was Gold and other watches, ic, at similar rates! thrown over to admit of evaporation, and the horse was afterwards rubbed down and clothed as usual in the course of an hour or two. I consider the plan rational and conducive to the health of the horse, if on ly ordinary care is taken. Now is the time for club agents to commence their lists, so as to receive their parr FREE for the balance of the year. We invite all persons wanting the BEST and CHEAPEST rural pa per in existence to send SI 50 to us, and receive it from now to January 1S71 ; or to send for sample copy, which will be sent free. Club agents supplied with specimens, Premium Lists, &c. GREAT PREMIUMS FOR EARLY CLUBS. For only TEN subscriber, at 51 each, sent in betore the 1st of January next, we will send the club Asent free, a copy of the Ri hal Amer ican, one year, and a copy of the New Y'orx Weekly Sex, one year, the best paper publish' ed, not partizan in politics ! This offer, for two or three hours work only, is the most liberal ev er before offered in the history of the rural press; N. B. After January 1st, Twelve subscribers atgl will be required to entitle the agent to the above Premiums, Address, C. F. MINER & CO., New Brims Sitting hens can be cured by putting water I wick. New Jersey, (near New York,) where the in ii vpskoI to tin dpntli nf onp inch out- Editorial Office and farm are situated. tinir tVta lion Intn It ami privorinff tlia tjir nf flip Vfi4fl twpntv-ffiiir Vmnr. TVia vp- The Standard Clubbed with the sei should be deep enough to allow the hen Rural American at Y6Tj low rate to stand. Pulverized chalk administered with softer feed will cure diarrhoea. This Poultry. Feed your poultry on raw onions chop ped fine, mixed with other food, about twice a week. It is batter than a dozen cures for chicken cholera. Fowls exposed to dampness are apt to be troubled with catarrh, which will run to croup if not at tended to. Red pepper mixed with soft feed, fed several times a week, will remove the cold. Pulverized charcoal, given oc casionally, is a preventive of putrid affec tions, to which fowls are very subject. HENRY M. BURT & CO., Pub' SPRINGFIELD. MASS. TERMS: To Siusle Subscribers, in advance, 2 50 InCltibsof 23, $2O0, aud a free Copy to the setter-iip of the Club. NOW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE. disorder is caused by want of variety in food, or by too much green food. Garlic fed once or twice a week is excellent for colds. Gardener 3fagi:ine. Idleness and Religion. A Complaint Answered. Bishop Clark once met a female parish ioner on the street whom he had not seen for Beveral weeks. His cordial greeting was met by a frigid reserve on her part. He inquired the cause. She replied : "I have been sick for three weeks, and you did not visit me once." "Indeed!" replied the Ii.thop, "I am sorry to hear that. Were you sick enough to have a physician ?" "Certainly ;' he came every day." "How did he know you were sick ?" "I sent for him, sir," was her reply. "True," answered the Bishop, "and if you had sent for me, I would have come too." The point of the anecdote can pos sibly be seen by people who sometimes complain of the inattention 'of their pastors. : Something about our Temper r -If you nave a bad temper, lose it ' If a food one, keep it. If a doubtful one,make it certain. , If 4 sweet one,:use.it for. the benefit of your friends. If a jolly one, cwl tivate it for example's sake and the delec tation of the community. If noner at all, avoid ' looking Into tie mirror lest you see a goose. that comfort and internal peace which the among intelligent farmers, conceded to be worm cannot give, ana which are general- a failure. Although many of our native ly the portion of men sincerely pious. But cows are of excellent quality yet they are it is of consequence that ail pious persons not uniformly good milkers. If we would should be aware that, if we are idle, even l,aVe all cood cors we must resort to some religion cannot make us happy ; and that other breed than those I have named, and tne most certain cure tor low spirits and I know of none that can be relied on to constitutional dejection is the zealous dis charge of our active and social 'duties, in conjunction with and springing from re ligion. satisfy our needs with so much certainty as the Ayrsehire breed a breed that has been bred for many vears with especial ref erence to developing their milking quali ties and with eminent success. I believe Progress in Prayer. "at "y selecting our best cows and crossing When the daily noon m-aver meetino- with the Ayrshire we can greatly improve wa started in London, everybody began our dairiea. and obtain a breed for dairy praying for the world, the whole world. P"1"?08 that fill equal if not surpass any About the second week the nravert beiran in the """try. Farmers would then have to be limited, in the main, to Europe, the ome inducement to raise their calves, and third week, to England, the fourth to Lon- would not be olHged to depend on the don ; and about the fifth week the burden drovers for to fill up their dairies a of prayer began to be, "O Lord, have mer- dePendence which is often delusive and cv on me: break up the fallow irronnd of mreiiaDie. Several farmers m this vicin- my soul ; give me a broken heart." And ity tave made 0Ver tff0 tundred pounds of then, and not till then, God's Spirit came butter from a cow the past Beason, but this down upon the meetings in power. quantity could be increased if farmers woum improve the breea ot cows by tne method T hnv aiir.autpd Happy." A. A. Bandall thouzht Mr. Simpson had Albany Farmers' Club. The club is proeressine finelv. Last Monday eve. the subject was "Fertilizers," and though there were but few in, (by the way several of our farmers were out of town, i yet the subject brought out several valuable and startling suggestions touching this important branch of agriculture. The statement was made and well sustained, that more than half of the fertilizing prop erties of barn and barnyard manures were allowed to go to waste, so far. The prac tice of fermenting and manipulating those manures in the ordinary way, without the use of powerful absorbents to take up the volatile and liquid substances, together with the injudicious methods adopted by some farmers of misapplying these manures, emphatically answers the important ques tion so frequently asked, viz : Why is it that our farms are growing less and less produeti ve ? This waste should be redeem ed, and how can or shall it be done is the question. Mr. Marckris thought by the use of muck corrected by a proper proportion of lime, so as to receive the suds and other liquids from the house, would be a very great help in this direction ; also the use of dry pul verized muck for bedding of cattle in the stable, thus composting solids and liquids, and saving the latter, which in point of fact is worth as much as the former, and is generally lost or nearly so. J. C. Dow spoke of the practice adopted j by A. N. Mason a few years ago. This was explained thus : Below his stable floor were vats, or water-tight boxes, so construc ted as to receive the liquid excrements and hold them. At proper times, with a pump, this liquid was raised to a cart, arranged similar to those used in some of our cities to dampen the streets. With this cart this liquid was applied to the land as a top dressing. The result was, an increasing growth of grass, till, as Mr. Dow says, this farm was in reality the most productive farm in that town. Mr. Sanders thought that all these ar rangements cost so much that they would not pay, but would go for using muck for an absorbent in the stable and also in the hog pen. 'T would not do for farmers to hire helj) to carry out manure in pails when wages are so high. The utility of ploughing in green grass or grain was well illustrated by Mr. F. Kay nolds. I have not time to do his remarks justice on this subject. A. H. Darling said that he was aware from his own ex perience that the loss of fertilizers from the practice of throwing away the suds and other liquids from the house was very great. He had composted with the view of saving this and found it paid. X. M. Darling. Abuse of Poultry. a writer in tne worting tanner ex claims: "Egg forty cents a dozen .' And the hens have no place open to them where they can lay an egg that will not be frozen in thirtv minutes. The horse has a stall the hog a pen, the dog a kennel, all of them as warm as they should be for their occupants' comfort ; but there is no apart ment about the premises for hens, whose eggs are worth over three cents apiece. They are treated like feathered Ishmael ites by both men and beast. The horses snap at them, if they venture near them to find a roost ; the boys attack them with pitch-forks, if they tiy to keep themselves from freezing by burying themselves in the hay on the mow ; and the "very dogs bark at them," and bite them too, if they take refuge under the barn or corn crib. Of all the living things about a farm, there are none, if we except the rats, that have so little attention paid to them as the hens." Definition of We will club the Standard with the Rural American at the very low price of S"2 50, fur both papers, one year, (1570 ;) and the Rural Ameri can will be sent free for th balance of 1S09, to all subscribers who send in their names early. Here is a chance to obtain the largest and best Agricultural, Horticultural and general Familj Paper published in the United States, and the Standard for only fifty cents more than the reg ular price of our paper. Such a chance is rare, and it will be to the interest of our readers to call and subscribe soon, so as to secure the Ru ral American for the balance of 69 free. 49 THE NEW ENGLAND HCffiESTEAD, MORE OF THOSE DELAIX E S Published weekly, at SPRINGFIELD, MASS'., acknowledged to be the most practical and therefore the most valuable AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL 1000 Yards at the Low Price of Cents per Yard. IS -TO NE Jl ' ENGLAND ' FARMERS Experiment in Feeding Cows. In the correspondence of the Ohio Far mer occurs the following : "I have had twenty-five cows f milk, and found timo thy and wild grass the best. To feed in winter, use shorts, ground oats, shorts and corn meal ; shorts make more milk than clear meal ; oats ground do better than ci ther ; but corn meal with shorts make rich er milk, but no more of it. I have fed po tatoes largely ; they do tolerably well, but milk a day or two old gets strong. Ruta baga turnips and carrots would not do for me to make butter from the milk ; but of all the roots I ever tried, sugar beet is the best. I heard pumpkins were good to make milk and tried them. I had twelve milkers ; I divided them ; fed six with pumpkins three weeks, and all run on grass alike. Those that had pumpkins gave not a gill more milk than the others, but I be lieve it was a little richer. What does happy mean? A little girl Must given the club some very bad advice lately said it is "to feel as if you wanted to and could show him or anybody else as give all your things to your little sister." I good milkers of the Durham breed as Simp- You may smile, but I scarcely see why you son or any other Ayrshire breeder could should. This little girl felt that to be hap- produce. py sh must be unselfish. She was right, ; George Nelson thought it did not depend and you know it Did you ever feel hap- so much on what kind of stock we keep as py when you had selfish feelings in your I H did on the manner we keep it Believed breast? T guess riot I that generous feeding pys far better tha Butter in Brine. Mesirt. Editort, Your article on keep ing butter in brine, in the Observer of the 13th induces me to give my experience, I have kept house near 40 years, and have always kept my butter in brine, with the best success. But, instead of wrapping my butter with muslin, I keep my salt in a muslin bag. The advantages are, that you are always aware that there is plenty of salt to keep the brine at full strength, and no particles of salt, or dirt that may be mixed with it, will adhere to the butter. I think that no person who should adopt this mode will try any other, and it will be a matter of surprise where the salt goes to. The lag will need replenishing quite often. X. in N. Y. Obtervtr. How to Do It. A short time ago a whale was stranded on the coast, and purchased for a specula tion by a sharp practitioner, who advertised for information how to preserve it. A wag replied to the advertisement, tendering the desired information on receipt of half a dollar's worth of postage stamps, which arrived, and the following receipt was du ly forwarded : "Put the whale carefully into a glass bottle : cover it over with spirit of wine (strong whiskey may do ;) then cork and seal up." The postage stamps were handed over to a charitable institution. Recipes. Loaf (Jake. One pound of sugar, one pound of butter, ten eggs, two pounds of flour, one pound of English currants, one pound of citron, flavor with vanilla, two teaspoonfuls of baking powders. Tea Cakes. Six cups of flour, four tea spoons cream tartar, mixed well into the flour, one cup of butter, four beaten eggs, two cups of milk, two teaspoonfuls of soda. Crullcri. Two teacups of sugar, two of sweet milk, five tablespoon fuls of melted lard, two eggs, two quarts of sifted flour, five teaspoonfuls of baking powder ; mix sugar, eggs and lard well together before mixing milk aud flour. The American Farm Book mentions a horse that died at sixty-seven years of ace. and another that was quite coltish in his forty-fifth year. These cases of longevity were doubtless the results of good care. It is never economy to put a horse to the ut most of his strength to obtain a great amount ef work, or to feed sparingly to save provender. CALL AND ?EE TUEM. -ALSO A- ! now published in this country. It contains arti ! eles written by distinguished A pricnlturists who treats of the soil, climate and products o.' New i England, and in addition, it gives the cream of NEW INVOICE QF BRGWN COTTOKS. ; allthe otbcr Joi,rnals. so xhM FANCY CASSIMERES, -AND- SHIRTING FLANNELS, A fresh lot of JAP TEA Just received by the Suez Ship Canal, which we are selling at EXTREMELY LOW PPJCES. Call and TRY IT and satisfy yourselves, HALL & CO. 'OW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE FOR THE NEW YORK .WEEKLY, The People's Favorite Journal. A Georgia paper says that some farmers there who formerly cultivated fifty acres of land and got an equal number of bales of cotton, get an equal amount now from twenty acres. They prepare the land and cultivate better than formerly, and their profits axe increased thereby, and, at much less expense. At present there are SIX GEEAT STORIES running through its columns; and at least One Story is Begun Every Month. New subscribers are thus cure of having the commencement of a new continued story, no matter when they subscribe for the NEW 1YORK WEEKLY. Each number of the NEW YORK WEEKLY contains Several beautiful Illustrations, Double the Amount of Reading Matter of any paper of Its class, and the Sketches, Short Stories, Poems, etc, are by the ablest writers of America and Europe. The NEW YORK WEEKLY does not confine its usefulness to amusement.but publishes a great quantity of really Instructive Matter, in the most condensed form. The New York Weekly Departments have attained a high reputation from their brev ity, excellence and correctness. The Pleasant Paragraphs are made up of the concentrated wit and humor of many minds. The Knowledge Box is confined to useful in formation on all manner of subjects. The News Items give in the fewest words the most notable doings all over the world. The Gossip with Correspondents contains an swers to inquirers upon all imaginable subjects. AN UNRIVALLED LITERARY PAPER IS THB NEW YORK WEEKLY. Each issue contains from Eight to Ten Stories and Sketches, and Half a Dozen Poems, in ad dition to the Six Serial Stories and the Varied Departments. The Terms to Subscribers : One Year single copy ... S3 00 " " Four copies ($2 50 each) . 10 00 " " Eight copies - 20 0O Those sending 20 for a club of eight, all sent atone time, will be entitled to acopyraEB. Getters-np of clubs can afterward add single copies at B1! 50 each. STREET & SMITH, Proprietors, 41m6 No. 65 Fulton Street, N. Y. In addition to its reanlar weekly department, devoted to general farming and stock raising, it contains departments devoted to Fruits and Flowers, Domestic Recipes, The Latest Markets, aud The Fireside. The latter embraces choice Poetry, a good Story, and a host of good things for the children. Specimen Copies Sent Free on Re ceipt of Stamp. Remember That it is Published ix SPRINGFIELD, MASS. HENKY M. BUKT & CO., Prop's All who Subscribe for it now will receive the Remainder of the Year Free 4'B6 IRON, 20.0r i received i Late Afti No. tions.