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Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, June 14, 1870, Image 1

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Will Hitcnd promptly to all calls and for rcas-
bale pay-
Over U fiord's Carriage Shop.
Conveyance to and from the Station on arrival
of all trams. Also a good livery
with the House.
in connection
Will attend to all sales of Real Estate or Per
sonal Property with promptitude. Charges low.
'And Claim Agent.
Will attend the Courts In Orleans aria Caledo
nia Counties.
Attorney, Itounty, and Claim Agent,
Late Anent of the United States Patent Office,
U'ashingtun, under the Act 01837.
No. "H Stiitc St. opposite Kilby St. Uohton.
After an extensive practice of upwards of
twenty venrs, continues to secure patents in the
United "States; alio in Great Britain, France,
and other foreign countries. Caveats, Specifica
tions, Bands, Assignments, and all papers or
drawings for patents, executed on reasonable
terms with dispatch. Researches made into
American and Foreign works, to determine the
validity and utility of Paten's ul Inventions, and
leaal and other advice rendered on all matters
touching the same. Copies of the claims of any
patent fur.ii.-hed, hv remitting one dollar. As
signments recorded in Washington.
No Ascm-v in '.he United States possesses su
iHrior fac'iii:''.' f r M.'si!i:n.r Pat nts or ascer
taining the paKiiUl.i'.ity f inventions.
During eight months the .subscriber, in tho
course nf his larac practice, made on twice reject
,, applications, MXTKKN APPKALS, EVERY
ONK of which was decided in his favor by the
Commissioner of Patents.
"I regard Mr. K ldv as one of the most capable
and tiirmsful practitioners with whom 1 have
hud otliciul intercourse.
Commissioner of Patents."
"I have no hesitation in assuring inventors
that they cannot employ a man more competent
and trustworthy, and m ire capable of putting
thuir applications in a form to secure for them
an earlv and favorable consideration at the Pa
tent Otiicc. KDMl'ND lil'RKE.
Late Commissioner of Patents."
'Mr. 11. II. Kd.lv has made f.r mc 111111
TKKN applications, in all
but ONE of which
patents have been granted, and that one is now
pending. Such unmistakable proof of great tal
ent anil anility on ins pan, leans im iu icuuiu
1 ALL inventors to atmlv to him to procure
their patents, as they may by sure of having the
most faithful attention Itcxtowcd on their cases,
and at very reasonable charges.
Boston, Jan. 1, 1870. lyl
(i 11 A I X I X ('. , O L. A Z I X (i
Slum at in v resilience opposite It. Ellis'
hop, l.iirfofi vill)i;ro.
I7m I'ltED II
.MOUSE, I'ainter.
II. R. M A C K
Wi les to say to the people of
Vicinity, that since the Barton
Marble Works
are no more, he will sell
to tho.-e wishing at verv reasonable rates. Also
that he will WARRANT all his patrons
in every respect than has been done at Barton
or any Shop north of it,
All stone will be delivered and set up free of
iha-gc. Particular attention will be given to
All i filers I
mail or otherwise will receive
proir.pt attention.
Ilardwicli, Vt., April !r, 1S70
: X T E X S 1 () A" T O P ,
uKSKKVOIU AND (.'!,( )Si:T.
ANoihci American Iinimiveil. fiOOD I'llV.V.n
m l KMI'IIIK, are all lirst class Cooking Stoves
ami w.irr.iuteii
good assortment
out Reservoirs.
every respect . 1 also have a
if Cheap Stoves with mid with-
llore Hoes, Cultivator.-', &e. A so a full ns
ortmcnt of
W o () I) n W A RES,
Churns, Pumps, cu.st Iron Sinks, &c. All of
which will be s hi at fair prices for
All Kinds of produce and Peddler's Barter
taken in exchange for Goods.
Cash paid for veal and dairy skins hy
, , - H- - WITCIIER.
Barton, May 14, 1S70.
CAlhERWOOD'S estate.
a li mil
the II.
'"-rUicrs, having been appointed by
of Orl."i; V. . ":"c vourt lor lue District
and udni.t in "ioncr, to receive, examine
:,..,; .I ""'aim and demand of all persons,
.xu- of .-,! ",!," U'0-,0,,N CALDERWOOD,
t-.r.-..,t,.', ', ','"" in "-'id district, deceased,
1 "in 'In' ls'ii ,i ;,'l the term of six months
lit in.ii iiiv .. ,,
i 1 y f mil
f M
!. t.. C.ll:l
'It tut
a. r. lSfc'j, being
c r ed i t o rs of said
ove their respective
; '-vie i.v
:' that we n
,.,.,.'' Mitmeiit at t
! to the duties
: ? home of
ii'censboro, in
J line a:.d the
Vioci;, in the
!iv ;;"' 3.j:h
, ' ' -r ti-xf,
' - i i
Samuel Stanford, of whom all have heard so
much in former years, as being the most stirring,
wide awake and enterprising man in Irasburgh,
after a sleep of a few months, is now himself
again, and offers for sale at his stand,
Haying Tools, Bristol Flows, the best in market,
A Good Assortment of Groceries,
The Very Best of Teas
Coffee, Spices of all kinds. Sugar, Molasses, To
bacco, cigars, nice, risn, inuu.iuiisius,
and Candy, Tinware, Stovepipe,
and everything that is wanted on the farm or in
the bouse, all ot wnicn win oe soia lor
at any hour in the day, or a Meat Dinner, or
night's lodging when required, at prices to suit.
No Rum at this Grocery.
in connection with my other business. Call and
sec me and my Stock in Trade.
Irasburgh. March Li. 1870. Iltf
The undersigned, sole agents at Barton Land
ing for the sale of
arc now ready to deliver this well known stan
dnrd fertilizer; time for payment will be given
till June 1st.
We have also
by the pound, sack, or at wholesale, and a good
line of
Barton Landing, Feb. Tl, 1870.
Old Style Shuttle Superseded!
Vertical Feed ! Sell Adjusting Needle.
;ii7.vr; machine i oi.ks
The Aim-iiciiu Pulton Hole Ove reruniing and
fv-wing M.ichim- Onnpanv, Pliilndelphin. have
pr jui:ce. ar.ew Minute frewiit;
: .Machine which i
Anyt o !r can rim i:. The iced can be rni.-cd
or lowered for light or heavy work.
No more bother with the old style shuttle
with its crude, inconvenient, and dillicnlt tension
adjustment, produced by threading through a
row of holes, attended with vexing uncertainty,
great expense of time, and breaking thread.
The Improved Shuttle admits of being instant
ly adjusted by the inexperienced with any de
gree of tension required for sewing anything
TISSUE PAPER, (see samples.) These Ma
chines make the Lock Stitch alike on both sides
of the vork, are large, strong: and roomy , and are
supplied with extra cloth plate and leather nee
dles, for sewing leather, if desired.
Their superior workmanship, style of finish,
durability, speed, and power, running stiller and
easier than other shuttle machines, attract the
attention and elicit the admiration of machinists
and mechanics everywhere. This, and the fact
that it is almost impossible to make them break
the thread or miss a stitch commends them to
the general favor of all.
If yon desire to secure the best Shuttle Ma
chine in Market don't fail to see them before
Price, with cover, lock and key, tiemmer, cor
dcr. three braiders, and nsual outfit, 80, nd
same Machine with button bole and overscam
ing movement combined, 75.
Also the Gold Medal Machine, universally
acknowledged to be the best double threader in
market, with hemmera to turn both ways and
any width, $40 to $75; also the best of single
threaders with steel movements and well finish
ed, at reasonable prices, and warranted. All
Machines hereafter sold by me or my agents will
be furnished with 8ELF ADJUSTING NEE
DLES, invented by the undersigned, for which
a patent is pending.
On exhibition and for sale at i. N. Tfe'oster's
Daguerreian Rooms, Barton, and at the resi
dence of Henry Dudley, Crafubnry, Vt.
Agents wanted in the Counties of Orleans,
Essex, Lamoille and Caledonia.
Orders by mail promptly attended to and sat
isfaction guaranteed.
F. P. CHENEY, Glover, Vt.,
Manufacturers' Agent.
Rare Chance for Any One Wishing
to go into Business.
On account of my health I am obliged to sell
ont my business, known as the
St. Johnnbury Lounge and Spring Mat
tress Manufacturing Shop,
is two story, 24x36, all the fixtures, including
house furniture, waggon, buggy, harness, &o.,
With Stock on Hand,
which is all new and bought at the present low
prices. This is the
in Northern Vermont. Keeps two or three
hands right along now, and with a small addi
tion of capital can be doubled at once. Dwell
ing house will be sold also if wanted.
St. Johnsbury, Yt.
Obtained for inventors by DB. D. BREED,
Chemist, and late examiner in the patent office,
who has devoted 18 years to patent business,
and will promptly prepare papers, drawings, 4c,
Terms. $20 to 30. Write for circulars.
Direct to 818 F street, opposite Patent Office,
Washington, D. C.
Refer to Senators Pomeroy and Sumner. lOmJ
The " City of Boston."
There Bailed ont a noble ship one day,
From a port by a boundless sea ;
And she carried the hopes of many a soul,
As with mnsic and banner she gave the whole
Of her parting from a port of glee !
Ne'er sailed a ship with more pride and state,
Ne'er sailed a ship, with more precious freight !
There were souls of worth there were parting
There were brows of beauty and sundered bands !
There were sturdy men, who no danger fear ;
There were lisping tones, that we lore to hear ;
There were lovers and hnsbands, and careless
As the ship sailed gaily away from the earth !
there were pride and power, and strength nntold,
The pride of wealth and the power of gold ;
There signals afar, and the cannon's boom,
As she went down the narrows to meet her doom !
Far ont on the trackless sea !
Far ont on the boundless sea !
And at sunset hour, on that happy day,
The landline of home far behind her lay
' So sailed that aobla ship sway ! - '
There sailed from that port, (too ships that day,
Far out on the treacherous sea:
They both weigh anchor when the noonhnc lay
All calmly north'ard across the bay
Only one was seen as they sailed away,
And one was under the lee.
And the ship unseen carried never a soul,
And its helm was held at Death's control ;
And it had no banner or gleaming sail,
As it onward sped with no signal hail !
Within it no lovers, or hnsbands, or wives,
Within it no hopes and no precious lives ;
But within it, alone, is a shadowy form
Who maketh a jest of the gathering storm
Death's pilot bark under the lee I
For the grand old ship, in its pride and state.
Ruihes on unchecked to its terrible fate.
Far out on the limitless sea.
With a pilot boat under the Ice !
This shadowy pilot assumed the sway,
When the ship left port on that happy day
Unseen yet seeing to guide the way,
Never more,
To the shore
That has passed away,
Or haven on England's lec !
Through the heaving billow and passing zone,
He is guiding that ship to the great unknown !
Friends look in rain months pass away ;
No tidings no word since that fatal day ;
No message from the sea !
And never again shall the noonline lay
For that noble ship on the quiet bay
As when from that port she sailed away.
Grand Rapids, Mich.
Chicago Journal.
A Very Refined Clergyman, and
Mark Twain's Remarks Thereon.
In a recent issue of the Indepen
dent, the Rev. T. I. De Witt Tal-
madge, of Brooklyn, had the follow
ing utterance on the subject of 'smells ;'
"I have a good Christian friend,
who, if he sat in the front pew in
church and a workman should enter
the door at the other end, would
smell him instantly. My friend is
not to blame for the sensitiveness of
his nose, any more than you would
nop: a pointer for bcinpr keener on the
scent than a stupid watch dog. The
fact is, if vou had all the churches
free by reason of the mixing up of
the common people with the uncom
mon, you would keep ouc-half of the
(Jhristendorn sick at their stomach.
If you are going to kill the church
thus with bad smells, I will have noth
ing to do with this work of evangeli
zation." We have reason to believe that
there will be laboring men in Heaven ;
and also a number of negroes, and
Esquimaux, and Terra del Fuegans
and Arabs, and a few Indians, and
possibly jeven some Spaniards and
Portuguese. All things are possible
with God. We shall have all sorts
of people in Heaven ; but alas, in get
ting them we shall lose the company
of one who could give more real "tone"
to celestial society than any other
contribution Brooklyn could furnish.
And what would eternal happiness be
without the Doctor? St. 'Matthew
without stockings or sandals ; St. Je
rome bareheaded, and with a coarse
blanket robe dragging the ground ;
St. Sebastian with scarcely any rai
ment at all these we should see, and
should enjoy seeing them; but would
we not miss a spike-tailed coat and
kids, and turn away regretfully, and
say to parties from the Orient : ''These
arc well c:iou;h, but yon ought to
sec that Tahiiiidsre, of Brooklyn." I
fear in! in t!ic belter world we shall
tint even Iiiivc Dr. Tii'minltru's "'.ioil
Christian IiiuaJ.-' For if he was
fitting under t In; niory of the Throne,
and the keeper of ilio keys admittel
a IjCiijainiii Franklin or other labor
ing man, that "frimd," with his line
natural powers infinitely augmented,
by emancipation from hampering (lesh,
would detect him with a single sniff,
and immediately take his hat and
asked to be excused.
It may be that here, in the nine
teenth century, Rev. T. has had ad
vantages which Paul and Peter and
the others could not and did not have.
They healed the very beggars, and
held intercourse with people of a vil
lainous odor every day. If the sub
ject of these remarks had been chos
en among the original Twelve Apos
tles, he would not have associated
with the rest, because he could not
have stood the fishy smell of some of
his comrades who came from around
the sea of Galilee. Ho would have
resigned his commission with some
such remarksis ho makes in the ex
tract quoted above ; "Master, if thou
art going to kill the church with bad
smells, I will have nothing to do with
this work of evangelization." He is
a disciple, and makes that remark to
the Master ; the only difference is,
that he makes it in the nineteenth in
stead of the first century.
13 their a choir in Mr. T.'s Church ?
And does it ever occur that they have
no better manners than to sing that
hymn which 13 so suggestive of labor
ers and mechanics :
Son of the Carpentei ! receive
This humble work of mine ?
Now can it be possible that in a
handful of centuries the Christian
character has fallen away from an
imposing heroism that scorned even
the stake, the cross and the axe, to a
poor effeminacy that withers and wilts
under an unsavory smell? We are
not prepared to believe so, the Rever
end Doctor and his friend to the con
trary notwithstanding.
P. T. Barnum told a San Francisco
reporter that Anna Dickinson had
shamefully misrepresented the Mor
mons and some of their institutions.
During the past year 183 men, 52
women, and 38 children were killed
by tigers in Java, 158 persons by
crocodiles, and 22 by snakes.
The First Wrong.
My story opens in a New England
There were three persons present
Allow me to introduce them to you
in order: First, there was Deacon
Holbrook, an old man, not very far
from seventy years, now, with white
hair, a tall spare form, and decided
features. Next, his wife, a motherly
old lady, with an expression of such
calm benevolence on her face as to
charm all who knew her. Yet at this
moment, anxiety, grief and entreaty
struggled for the mastery. The third
figure in the tableau was a young man
with a frank, handsome face, years
not exceeding twenty, who stood in
the middle of the floor with downcast
look, shrinking from the angry words
which his father uttered. "
. 'Henry," said the deacon, sternly,'
"you have disgraced yourself and me,
.a deacon of the church. You have
embittered the declining years of your
"Dont be too hard with him, Dea
con Holbrook," interposed his wife.
"Remember it is his first fault."
"If it were anything else !" said his
father, still unappeased : "but to think
that my son should become a gam
bier ! My son who has been so care
fully trained in the way he should go !"
"It is only once, urged the wile,
with all a mother's instincts.
"There arc some crimes which can
not be committed once without sink-
the soul deep in sin," returned
the father with unabated sternness.
All this while, the young man had
remained silent, though Lis varying
color showed that he felt deeply the
harshness of his fathcr'3 words. At
length he spoke :
"Father," said he, firmly, "You
will one day repent your severity.
ao sooner had I sinned than I repent
cd, and made confession to you and
my mother, instead 01 encouraging
me in my repentance, you load me
with reproaches which my own con
science had anticipated, and which
heaven know3, 1 did not need."
Deacon Holbrook was about to
speak, but Henry rapidly continued :
" lou tell me I have disgraced you,
I will remove mysclfand my disgrace
from your presence.
As he was about to leave the room,
his mother asked, anxiously :
"Where would you go to, Henry ?"
"Stay him not, Hannah," said the
deacon, sternly. "It is well that he
should leave a place where he can no
longer look an honest man in the
"Deacon Holbrook, he is our son,
said the wife reproachfully.
"I would that I could forget it.
was the unrelenting reply.
These last words reached the cars
of the young man as he stood upon
the threshold, and an expression, half
of pain, half of indignation, swept
over his face. He knew that ho had
done wrong, but he felt that he had
not forfeited forgiveness. With one
farewell glance at his mother, full of
unspoken rratitude and love, he left
the house which had been so long to
him a home.
This was the fault of which Henrv
Holbrook had been guilty. Having
been sent to New York by his father
to collect a sum of money due him he
had been allured to a gaming-house
by a companion, and there induced to
play, though not until after much per
suasion. Having lost a part of the
money in his charge, he kept on play
ing, in hope of recovering his losses
But, as might have been expected, in
stead of this, he lost all that remain
ed. Then, thoroughly ashamed, and
bitterly upbraiding himself for his
breach of trust, ho went homo and
r i n mi
coniesscu an. 11113 coniession was
received, a3 we nave seen, in such a
way a3 to chill his confidence and ex
cite his indignation. And now he had
gone lorth from homo a wanderer he
knew not whither, with not one effort
on his father's part to stay him.
Lt;t me do Deacon Holbrook the
justice to say that it was not his own
personal loss that excited his rigor
He could overlook that, 'out not his
son's weakness and crime, as he term
ed it, by which it was lost.
After Henry's departure, the old
house became quieter than before
All the life had gone ont of it. Dea
con Holbrook himself was a man of
few words, and his taciturnity had
abated his wife's social tendencies
Very long, very quiet, and very te
dious were the evenings which they
spent together. On one side of the
fireplace sat the deacon, gravely read
ing through his spectacles the agri
cultural paper which came weekly.
Opposite him sat his wife, her fingers
actively engaged in knitting, her mind
intent upon her absent boy. AH was
staid, quiet, subdued. There was
not even a kitten to enliven the scene.
Mrs Holbrook had once introduced
one into the house, but the deacon
speedily intimated his dislike of cats,
and puss had been banished.
One night Deacon Holbrook brought
a letter for his wife. It was such an
unusal circumstance for the good wo
man to receive a letter, tlmt she took
it eagerly, and tore it open with un
wonted haste.
TTTt. i ..... ,
u nat was it mat maae her eyes
sparkle with joy ? the familiar hand
writing had not deceived her. She
knew at once, by the peculiar flourish
on top ot the 11, that it was from Hen
She read it through with grateful
joy. it was Irom one of the mi:
aisiricts 01 uaiuornia. it appears
that lienry had worked his passage
having no money; he left the vessel
at ban t rancisco and proceeded at
once to the mines, where he was now
working. He had not been there
long enough to form an idea of what
were hi3 chances of success. He
wished his mother to write, and prom
ised to keep her advised of his move
ments. There was only one reference
to his father. It was this : "I am
afraid father still retains his bitter
ness towards me. If this is the case,
do not trouble him with any message ;
but if otherwise, you may give my an-
tiful regards, and say that I do not
yet despair of making myself a good
and true man.
Deacon IIolbrooK did not look at
hi3 wife while she was reading this
letter, though the handwriting must
have told him also who it was from.
"Joshua," said bis wife timidly us
ing the rarely mentioned Christian
name of her husband, "this letter is
from Henry."
"So I suppose, said be, coldly. -As
he spoke he took from his pock
et the Weekly Farmer, and adjusting
his spectacles, began to read.
This was a hint, and so -Mrs. Hol
brook understood it, the he did not
care to pursue the s abject further.
But she could not help asking,
"Wouldn't you like to read Henry's
letter, Joshua.
"Yon will oblige me by not men
tioning his name again," said the dea
con : stiffly. " He has Wrteited all
claims to be considered a son."
So days, months, and even years
passed. It lacked but a month of
five vcars since Henry Holbrook left
his home. There was Utile change
in the air of tfao grave ober-looking
mansion of Deacon Holbrook. The
deacon himself had failed more in
those five years than in aay five pre
ceding. His form had lost its ancient
erectness, and was bowel. His face
bad grown more wrink!ed, and he
spent more time in the house. Mrs.
Holbrook received tidings of Henry
at short intervals. He was well, and
doing well, he wrote ; bat did not en
ter into particulars, j Sometime he
ahould return to see his mother. Of
his father he did not Speak. These
letters were all brought home from
the village post-office by Deacon Hol
brook, but he never signiied any cu
riosity or interest to learn the con
tents. Henry's name hal not been
mentioned between the two for years :
yet and let not this surprise the
reader it would be hard to tell
which thought of him most constantly.
Behind the deacon's taciturnity there
beat a heart, and that heart was more
tender to his lost son than he would
have been willing to confess.
All at once his quiet life wa3 brok
en in upon, ana that in a most cruel
One day ho entered tin house, his
face as pallid as a sheet, his limbs
tottering beneath him, his whole ex
pression that of great and intolerable
"What's the matter, Deacon Hoi
brook I What's the matter, Joshua ?"
inquired his alarmed wife.
"Hannah, we are paapeis pau
pers in our old age !'' said her hus
band, bitterly.
"Good gracious ! what has happen
cd, Joshua? asked the wife turning
pale from sympathy.
.Little by. little, it came out that
Deacon Holbrook had become bonds
man for a bank officer with whom he
was well acquainted, and in whose in
tegrity he had the utmost confidence,
But to-day the astounding intelligence
had arrived that the oiucer, alter a
scries of defalcations, had fled the
country, and left the bondsmen to
suffer. The amount for which the
deacon had become bound was sufli
cient to swallow up the house and
farm all, in fact, that he possessed.
The farm was not a valuable one
It comprised sixty acres of rough soil,
which by hard labor, had been made
to suffice for the moderate wants of a
small economical family. In the mar
ket it would not bring over three
thousand dollars, and for that amount
the deacon was bound. Yesterday
he had reckoned himself rich. Now
he regarded himself as a pauper.
"This is indeed worse than death.
thought the deacon, with stern sor
row. "The Lord has indeed smitten
me in my old age."
Little time was given for anticipa
tion before the blow fell. The Hoi
brook farm was advertised for sale at
auction, to take place in three weeks
Kills were printed and posted on
fences and stores. Meanwhile Dca
con Holbrook sank into a stato of list
less apathy. All day long he would
sit in a rocking chair with his eyes
hxed on the opposite wall, saving
nothing, and apparently paying lit
tie attention to what was going on
about him. His wife scarcely les
sorrowful than himself, feared that
his reason was undermined.
Three weeks passed by, and brought
the sale. Mrs. Holbrook would have
absented herself; but her husband ex
hibiting more life than of late, insist
cd on her being presci.t So with
many misgivings, she became an un
willing witness of the trying scene.
The bidding commenced at two
thousand dollars. Gradually it went
up to twenty-nine hundred, and was
about to be knocked off at that price
to Squire Clayton, when the tramp
ling of hoofs was heard ; a young man
with a handsome face, browned by ex
posure, leaped from his horse, and in
quired eagerly the amount last bid.
On being told, he at once exclaimed :
"I bid three thousand dollars."
At that price it was knocked down
to him.
"What name, sir?" inquired the
"Deacon Joshua Holbrook," was
the reply, in & loud, clear voice.
There was a buzz ot surprise, and
the question, "who is he ?"' passed
from one to another.
Among the rest Deacon Holbrook
looked up eagerly, and a question
was on his lips.
"Father, mother, don t you know
your boy ?"asked the young man with
Deacon Holbrook's eyes lighted up
with joy. Silently he opened his
arms, the reconciliation was complete.
Henry subsequently explained that
having been successful in the mines,
he had wished to return unexpectedly,
when, upon hi3 arrival in New York,
he had learned his father s misfor
tune. He had instantly made what
haste he could to his native village,
and fortunately, arrived in time to
prevent the sacrifice of the farm.
..mi T - . . f 1
" 1 ne iiora hath reonicea my vain
pride and the hardness of my heart
that lead me to turn away an only
son," said the deacon solemnly.
"Henceforth may our hearts be filled
with the love that faileth not?"
And his wife and son reverently
said, "Amen !"
Two young women turned out with
spades and hoes and paid their road
tax in the town of Beloit, Wis., the
other day.
A quadroon girl, Miss Kate Jen
nings, has been appointed clerk in the
treasury department.
Journeyings in Spain.
"Spain,' said Talleyrand, "is a coun
try in which two and two make five."
Seeming so to a Frenchman, an Amer
ican might be pardoned if he believed
it a land in which two and two make
six, or any other number. Ancient
beria is certainly a region of the un
expected. It is fall of surprises and
disappointments. Nothing ever hap
pens there as one supposes it will,
and the knowledge of to-day is ever
contradicted by the experience of to
morrow. For more than three cen
turies the country has been an enigma,
politically, religiously, and socially,
that no other European nation could
solve ; and its present condition aug
ments its anomaly. Where else could
we hope to find a queen without a
dominion, and a kingdom without a
king? They who have never visited
Spain may wonder; but those who
havo been there will bo incapable of
new surprises. The land where 'yes
means 'no, and 'immediately' 'next
week' where inn keepers assure you
that they have every delicacy, when
they know they are besieged with
starvation where there are rivers
without bridges, and bridges without
rivers where highwaymen rob you
of your last escudo, and then piously
commend vour soul to God where
'princely hospitality' signifies fleas for
bed-fellows and garlic for breakfast
the land where all these and many
other contradictions soon prepare you
for whatever may happen.
Land of romance and superstition,
of chivalry and bigotry, of Lope de
v ega and Cervantes, of Cortez and
the Cid, of Moorish refinement and
Gothic rudeness, of the Alhambra and
the inquisition, of heroism and perse
cution, of art and assassination, of po
etry and intrigue, of splendor and
squalor, we have all, at some time,
built gorgeous castles upon vour
mountain sides, and viewed with rap
ture our broad estates watered by the
Xenil and Guadalquivir. We shall
never see you as you appeared to us
in our youthful dreams, for the out
ward eye dispels the vision of imagi
nation ruthlessly and forever. Your
moonlight will never fall so soft, even
in Andalusia, nor your guitars drop
such sweetness, though under the tow
ers of Seville, as came to as when re
verie blossomed in the rich soil of the
heart. The splendors of Cordova's
cathedral will lessen when we stand
in its marble aisles ; and the nighten-
gales will never fill the evening with
such music as taey did ueiore our
wandering feet had borne us to the
ancient palace of the Moorish kings
v hen 1 hrst went whirling over
the soil (in America we should call it
creeping,) in the midst of cigarette
smoke that made the compartment
look like a miniature edition of the
Blue Grotto of Capri, and when try
ing to smile serenely at the three sal
low cabullcros opposite, who sat dig-
nifiedly smoking me to death, I heard
at the station, 'Valladolid,' 'Madrid,'
'Seville,' 'Granada,' roared out in gut
turals fragrant with garlic, my noble
castles crumbled, and the raw wind of
the bierras swept down and chilled
my buds of sentiment to death.
If quite different from what fancy
and romauce and fancy had painted
it, I was very glad to sec Spain, and
my memory of it is still most welcome.
Three things I have found needful to
a satisfactory visit patience, polite
ness, and pcasctas.
Armed with these I could be mild
ly seraphic on trains that seemed as
it they would never start, and could
inquire unmoved for 'accommodations'
at the homeliest j'osada.
As all travelers know, the impres
sion a strange country makes depends
largely on what they see first on the
way they enter it. To visit Spain ad
varitageously it is best to go as I
did, from France across the Pyrenees,
instead of going, as many do, from
Cadiz through picturesque Andalusia
to the less favored provinces, ending
with the dreariness and sterility of
the Castiles. No two cities on the
continent arc more different than Par
is and Madrid; and such quaint and
curious towns as Nittoria, Burgos,
and Valladolid prepared me for the
strange kingdom I had entered.
No person need be told when he
has crossed the confines of the French
Empire. Having done so, I saw at
once I was among another people
almost "in another world. No more
the vivacious and mercurial manner
of the Gaul greeted me ; but in its
stead the grave and measured deport
ment of the representative of half a
dozen races. The train on which
traveled, though the creation of
French capital, seemed affected by the
soil and atmosphere of Spain. Its
speed was retarded ; it was hampered
with delays at every station ; it be
came the victim of endless formalities
aad threatened never to untangle
themselves. I discovered I must un
dergo a certain accumulating process
of mind as well as of body. The
mood and bearing that bad served me
elsewhere on the continent would not
support me there. I had found that
pretended loss of temper and assumed
violence 01 manner are benencial in
France, Germany, and Italy ; but in
Spain they only defeat the tourist's
Peninsular travel is favorable to
one of the highest christian virtues,
resignation. This is less difficult to
practice the moment one discovers it
is absolutely necessary." Job would
have found his sphere in Spain : at
least, the need of exercising his char
acteristic quality. If the patient are
the strong, they who have 'done Spain
should have lew weaknesses: 1 am
confident that I have an outward calm
ness and a degree of self-discipline I
never owned before I crossed the
Pyrenees. I have had my patience
tried all tho way from Pamplona to
Cadiz, from Badajoz to Barcelona,
and though I may have lost my tern
per, I never advertised for its return
Spanish omcials are often very pro
voking; but they won t be hurried,
and can't be bullied to advantage.
Inn-keepers hold as an article of faith
that their patrons are immortal, and
that a breakfast ordered at eight in
the morning will answer quite as well
at the same hour in the evening. But
if ypu use even such mild and allow
able oaths as Carat, Caramba, or
Vosra listed al domonio you will not
help your case. Show a certain en
ergy in politeness, a perseverance of
courtesy, and you will be duly rewar
ded. ; I remember at Valladolid that, after
ordering a bottle- of wine again and
again at the Fonda Universal, and
failing to get it in four hours, I sent
for the host, and told him 1 supposed
his crowded house (it had but two
more visitors besides myself) prevent
ed him from attending to me, but that
if he would not keep me waiting more
than six hours longer, I should esteem
him the noblest of gentlemen. The
wine came within five minutes, and
afterward I had no further cause to
complain of delay.
In driving about Burgos I could not
induce my calcscro to go beyond a
snail's pace until I told him I was in
no haste whatever, but that his mule
was walking in his sleep, . and might
fall and hurt himself in his sleep.
He replied, 'Muclias gracias Senor,'
and whipped up in fine style for the
remainder of the afternoon.
As respects manners, the Spaniards
deem themselves the politest people
on the planet, of which' they think
Spain much the best and by far the
most important part. If manners do
not make the man on the Peninsula,
they go far toward insuring his com
fort or its opposite. The natives are
certainly managed by manners. Any
departure from civility jhowevcr small,
is always resented, and strict obser
vation of it attended with remunera
tive results. One of their proverbs,
'Politeness gets w.at money can't
purchase,' experience kas often taught
me the truth of. The Spaniards, nat
urally courteous, expect courtesy from
others, and appreciate it to the fullest.
When you travel, never light a cigar
or cigarette without offering one to
those in the same carriage. They
won't take it unless urged ; but it is
the custom of the country ; it shows
you are a man of the world and of
good breeding. A Spaniard always
refuses once thift is etiquette and
you must do likewise ; but when he is
invited a second time he accepts. At
a cafe or restaurant if you order cof
fee, chocolate, or wine, breakfast or
dinner, and there are persons at the
same table, invite them to join you.
It will cost you nothing, they won't do
it ; but the invitation will advance you
in their estimation.
Lifting the hat when entering the
presence of others is more imperative
in Spain thau in France or Italy. Not
to do so in a diligencia, railway coach
or a room, is thought a violation of
good manners, if not a positive offense.
I have seen sensitive Castilians look
angry, even fierce, and twirl their
mustache with offended dignity, when
foreigners neglected to raise their
hats. But when the careless persons
remembered, and complied with the
demand of etiquette, the sallow lace
relaxed, and a gleam of good humor
darted out of the iet-black eve. Hat
lifting and cigar-giving are passports
to good treatment everywhere. Many
strangers have made fast fiicnds by
such simple means. Should I be sent
to Madrid on a diplomatic mission, I
should engage a servant specially to
elevate my sombrero, and a tobaccon
ist to supply mo constantly with the
best of Havanas. By liberal use of
both, I think I could manage the min
isters as Well as the Cortes.
The inhabitants of the different
provinces, though they know and care
little about each other, all consider
themselves Spaniards, and as such arc
jealous of their dignity and reputa
tion. They are very nice to their
personal houor (jtundonor), and re
gard themselves as gentlemen, what
ever their station in life, and the peer
of any foreigner, bo his position or
rank what it may. They often appear
cold and reserved ; but they are easi
ly won, and once conciliated are ex
tremely obliging. Etiquette is very
rigid with them, and never departed
from in public. When you visit any
one formally the proper costume is
black, as it is with us. If the person
you called on be out, you write 011 the
corner of your card E P. (en jmsona),
and leave it with the servant. First
visits demand marked courtesy, which
means nothing unless it is repeated
at the second visit. If you are wel
come vou will be conducted to the
best room, placed on the right-hand
of the sofa, and your hat treated with
as much consideration a3 yourself,
your host seizing it ardently and pla
cing it on a vacant chair. A3 you
take leave of a lady you say, 'I hurl
myself at your feet, Madam, (A los
pies de vsted, Senora) ; and she re
sponds, with an eloquent casting down
of the eyelids and a gracetul sweep
of her fan, 'I kiss your hand Sir,'( Besq
a vsted la mano, Senor), for the rea
son, perhaps, that neither you nor
she intends to do anything of the kind.
Then she looks tender and uses the
phrase, 'May you dcrjart with God,
and continue well,' ( Vaso usted con
Dios qke Dios usted lo vien) ! Where
upon you assume a theologically gal
lant air to be acquired only in Spain
and reply. 'May vou remain with
God (Quede usted con Dios) ;
The name of the Deity occupies a
very prominent place in Peninsluar
phraseology, and is employed under a
variety of circumstances. 1 our dear
est friend intrusts vou to the Divine
keeping as he folds you in his cm
brace; and the robber does the same
when he points his blunderbuss at
your head, and gently requests you
to stand and deliver. .
Men are treated very differently
from women bv Spanish ladies.
These seldom rise on receiving the
former, or offer their hand, or accept
the arm of their escort ; but they kiss
the latter at coming and going. The
stnkintr contrast is thought tc arise
from inherent feminine coquettish'
ness, the dark-eyed Castilians desir
ing to show men what delights they
are debarred frqm by reason of their
sex. One of the reasons assigned by
the women is, that the doing so disar
ranges their mantilla ; and another,
that it is likely to be mistaken for
matrimonial intention. Tho Spanish
men. who are always ill-natured and
cynical things about the other sex, de-
clare the mantilla is a much more se
rious matter than marriage ; that an
ill-fitting garment is more difficult to
manage than a poor husband.
Unless a Spaniard presses you
again and again to repeat your visit,
and assures you bis house is your3,
and it and all it contains at your dis
posal, you can conclude you are not
welcome ; that you have not created a
favorable impression. Birthdays are
made much of, and when they occur
formal visits are expected. New
Year's is devoted to calls, as on this
side of the sea, and presents, remark
able for their fitness rather than val
ue, are often made to those on whom
they call. From "Jottings and Jour
neyings in Spain" by Junius Henri
Browne, in Harper's Magazine.
The Tomato. Dr. Dio Lewis con
demns the free use of tomatoes, as
causing bleeding of the gums, loosen
ing of the teeth, and irritation of the
mcmbramc lining the intestinal canaL
Tho Newburyport Herald thinks the
Doctor is right, and the editor says
his observation tends to confirm that
opinion. He says :
It is certain that a well person docs
not need medicine, for the very fact
that it is adapted to a diseased state
of the system proves that it cannot be
also adapted to the opposite, or
healthy conditions, as in the latter
case it very frequently creates the
very symptons that it cures in the for
mer (Homeopathy,) a fact which all
schools of medicine now recognize to
a greater or less extent. The tomato
is eminently medicinal, it having, as
is well understood, a specific action
on the liver, as direct and almost as
potent as mercury, the analagous ac
tion of the two articles being indica
ted also by the secondary effects on
the gums and teeth. But as the tem
perament and dietetic habits of Amer
icans predispose them to' billiousncss
in the warm season, a moderate use
of tomatoes Dr. Lewis says a spoon
lul at a meal may not only prove
inocuous but extremely beneficial,
while making a principal dish of them,
as 13 often the custom, from their
healthfulness having been so much in
sistcd on, should be discouraged.
A Persian Tale; or, Little
Things May be Usefci There was
once a prince who, being much dis
pleased with one of his nobles deter
mined to punish him. ihc prince
commanded that he should be shut up
in a high tower. Into this tower
there was only one entrance, which
was walled up immediately after the
nobleman had been placed there.
Thus all hope of escape seemed to be
cut off, and the unhappy man was left
to perish. Inside the tower there was
a long winding staircase, by which the
prisoner reached the top. While
looking down from there, he observed
his wife, who had come, indulging
faint hope that she might be able, by
some means or other, to aid her hus
band in escatiina from his place of
confinement. On inquiring if she
could be of any service to him, he re
plied : "Oh 1 yes ; go and procure a
black beetle, a little grease, a skein
of silk, a skein of twine, and a long
rope." The poor wife hastened to
obtain what her husband asked for
wondering, no doubt, at the strange
ness of his request. She soon re
turned, furnished with the things.
Icr husband then directed her to put
the grease on the beetle s head, to
fasten the silk to its hind leg, the
twine to the silk, and the rope to The
twine, and then to place the beetle on
the wall of the tower. On being set
at liberty on the wall, the beetle,
filing the grease on its head, and
not bciug ablo to discover where it
was. crept up to the tower in search
ot it till it arrived at the top. The
nobleman caught it, and taking the
ilk from its hind leg, carefully drew
it up. V hen he came to the cud oi
the silk he found the twine, and next
he came to the rope. Fastening this
to a crook, he let himself down, and
thus made his escape.
Hogs in Society.-K you had trav
eled as much as I have ; if you had
cramblcd as much as I have for scats,
and for the best ones for bad man
ners arc contagious; if you had trav
eled as much as I have on steamboats
and seen how people that are most
decorous at home, when the bell rings,
and there are to be two tables, rush
through the cabins and down stairs
to their meals, you could appreciate
the necessity for a reform in this mat
ter. But I do not think you need go
to steamboats or railway depots to
be convinced of this. If you have
been invited to fashionable parties,
and seen what pigs men make of
themselves who arc well fed at home ;
how they behave at the refreshment
table ; how they lose their self-respect,
you do not need any further argument
on this subject Bcechcr.
John Rogers' revolving, expanding,
uncenmonious, sell adjusting, sen
contrakting, self sharpening, self greas
ing, self righteous. Hoss rake iz now
and forever offered tew a generous
Theze rakes are az eazy tew Keep
in repair az a hitching post, and will
rake up a paper of pins sowed broad
kast in a ten aker lot of wheat stuble.
Theze rakes kan be used in the win
ter for a hen roost or be sawed up in
stove wood for tho kitchen fire. No
farmer ov good moral karaktcr should
be without this rake, even if he has
to steal one. Josh Billings.
Josh Billings says : "1 alius advise
short sermons, speshaly on a hot
Sunday. If a minister kant strike ile
iu 30 minits, ho has either got a poor
gimlet, or else he is boring at the
wrong hole.
Commodore Upshur has been sen
tenced to be publicly reprimanded for
corrupting innocent congressmen in
the naval cadetship business.
Bismarck is recommended by his
physicians to come to America and try
the Croton water.
The King of Sweden is going to see
with his own eyes whether the world
is really round.
Seven sisters work their father's
farm in Wright county, Minnesota.
Lady Buggins is
ble Englishwoman.
the name of a no-
France and Italy are sending
large emigration to Algeria.
Little Sandie.
In Edinburgh two gentlemen wcro
standing at the door of a hotel, one -very
cold day, when a little boy, with
a poor, thin, blue face, his feet bare
and red with the cold, and with noth
ing to cover him but a bundle of rags,
came np and said,
"Please, sir, buy some matches 7
"No, I don't want any," the gentle
man said.
"But they are only a penny a box,"
the little fellow pleaded.
"Yes, but you see we do not want
a box," the gentleman said again.
"Then I will gi'e ye twa boxes for
a penny, the boy said at last.
"And so, to get rid of him," the
gentleman who tells tho story in an
English paper, says, "I bought a box.
But then 1 found I had no change, so
I said, 'I will buy a box to-morrow.'
'0 1 do buy them the ' nicht,.u ye
please,' the boy pleaded again. 'I will
rin and get vc tho change, for I am
verra hungry.'
"So I gave him the shilling and he
started away ; and I waited for him,
but no bov came. Then I thought I
bad lost my shilliug; but still there
was that in tho boy s face I trusted,
and I did not like to think ill of him.
Well, late in the evening a servant
came and said a little boy wanted to
see me. When lie was brought in, I
saw it was a smaller brother of the
boy that got my shilling; but, if possi
ble, still more ragged, and poor, and
He stood a moment diving m-
to his rags, as it .lie were
something, and then said,
"Are ye the gentleman that bought
the matches frae Sandie ?"
''Yes.' .
" 'Well, then, here's fourpcuce out
of your shillin'. Sandie canna come ;
he 8 no wecl. A cart ran over him
and knocked him doon, and he lost
his bonnet and his matches, and your
sevenpence ; and both his legs were
brocken ; and he's no weel at a' and
tho doctor says he'll dec. And that's
all he can gi'e ye noo,' putting the
fourpence down on the table, and
then tha poor child broke down into
great sobs.
"So I fed the little man," the gen
tleman goes on to say, "and then I
went with hirn to see Sandie. I found
that the poor little thing3 lived with
a wretched, drunken step-mother;
their own father and mother were
both dead. I found poor Sandie ly
ing on a bundle ot shavings. He
knew me as soon as I came in, and
" 'I got the change, sir, and. was
coming back, and then the horse
knocked me doon, and both my legs
are brocken. And O Rcuby, little
Reuby ! 1 am sure I am deein I and
who'll take care o' ye Reuby, when I
am gane ? What will ye do Reuby ?'
"I took the little Bufferer's hand
and told him I would always take
care of Reuby. He understood me,
and had just Btrcngth enough to look
at me, as if he would thank inc; then
the light went out of his blue eyes,
and in a moment
" 'He lay within the light of God,
Like a babe upon the breast;
Where tho wicked cease from troubling,
And the weary are at rest.' "
Zioiis Herald.
Song of the Ducks.
One little black duck, one little gray,
Six little white dncks running out to play ;
One white lady duck, motherly and trim.
Eight little baby ducks bound lor a swim!
One little white duck holding up its wings.
One little bobbing duck making water rings,
One little black duck turning round its head,
One big black duck--guess be's gone to bed.
One little white duck running from the watrr.
One very fat duck pretty little daughter!
One very grave duck swimming oft" alone,
One little white duck standing on a stone.
One little white duck walking with its mother.
Look among the water reeds, maybe there's an
other, Not another anywhere ? Surely you are blind,
Posh away the grass, dear ; ducks are hard to
Bright little brown eyes ! o'er the picture linger !
Point mc aUthe ducks out, chubby little finger!
Make the picture musical, merry little shout !
Now where's that other duck ? What is he about ?
I think the other duck's the nicest duck of all ;
He hasn't any feathers, and his mouth is aweet
and small,
He runs with a light step, and jumps upon my
And though he cannot swim, he is very dear to
One little lady duck, motherly and trim;
Eight little baby ducks bound for swim;
One lazy black duck taking quite a nap ;
One little precious duck, here on mamma's lap .
A Dose for Mosquitoes. As the
season for these pests is approaching
we will give a recent South Carolina
prescription which we have seen. Wo
cannot vouch for it but it will cost
little to try it. Take of gum camphor
a piece about one-third the size of an
egg, and evaporate it by placing it in
a tin vessel, and holding it over a
lamp or candle, taking care that it
does not ignite.. The smoke will soon
fill the room, and expel the mosqui
toes. .One night I was terribly an
noyed by them, when I thought of and
tried the above, after which I never
saw nor heard them that night, and
the next morning there was not one
to be found in the room, though the
window had been left open all night
A curious stone, believed to bo
Druidical, ha3 just been discovered in
a field near Dingle, England. It is
eight feet long, four feet broad and
about twe feet in thickness. In the
middle of it is a hole, fourteen inches
square, and as many inches deep, which
is neatly cut with a cuisei, ana me
lower end of it coming to a point, or
tapering from top to bottom. Such
stones are beuevea to nave oeen ubcu
in ancient times to consecrate marn-
aircs and other contracts by the join-
, ., t.i ik
ing of nanus uirougu me uwu u
At a late marriage ceremony in a
Rhode Island town, the groom became
impatient during the extended prayer
and interrupted the clergyman with
"Elder, aim that 'boout enough?'
Tho grave of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon,
in Eastford, Conn., is not marked
even by a plain marble slab.
One hundred women are now pre
paring themselves for admission to the
bar in the United States.
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