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The Standard. A. A. EAKLE, Ediloi. ' ' ' 'i 1 ' A; r ' "' "" ' 1.,,, V .... i ' .. " ' g ' Barton, Tuesday, Dec. 13, 1870. The President's Message. The president's message, the more iui m portant parts of which wc publish this week, will fce read with that interest (hie a document coming from so h.rli n source and touching as it des ujxm many tpics f absorbing interest 'to the people. The previous utterances of (Jen. ('rant, writ ten or spoken, have always lieen marked by directness, clearness and force. Thi message is no exception to the rule, but rather a magnifying of thoe qualities as excellent as they are rare. No one ari sing from its perusal will 1 mystified by obscure sentences, or studied attempts at the concealment of ideas. So far as we hear any expression of opiniou of itsmer it., it is one of high commendation, un less we except the sensational Sun, which at no time of day sheds its friendly rays upon its author, and decent treatment from that .juarter was hardly to be ex pected. For one we do not endorse the message in its entirety, though we con fess the president in every ease gives a p. yarcntly good reasons fur the faith that is in him. The quality of the arguments, of course, will dccnd upon the stand point from whence one views them. One may build an imping structure upon a slippery foundation, but that being un tenable the edifice is worthier, like "the house that was huilded upon the sand." r,. , i . 11 . , . cAmiiiie: uie president it earnest that congress should take measures f.,r the immediate purchase of the Island of San Domingo and pass resolutions of an nexation : pleading with great wan.-.th. To one who thinks exactly as he docs hi. reasons must appear to le conclusive and convincing. We believe in his arguments, but have small faith in his theory of an nexation. We are opposed on principle to all schemes of territorial aggrandizement beyond the solid confines of din- own con tinent; no further north than the Pole, and no further south than the isthmus of Darien. Kvcn in this confined area we have a sufficiently diversiiied soil, climate, 1-eople and natural productions to call forth our every talent, without exploring the ocean for other acquisitions. e ,m, cont.Mit with our present empire: or at least shall re 'ommend our countrymen to oc satisfied until we are iu a better con dition to pay for more. Let Us plow, till, cultivate and subdue all the soil in North America, before we search for the gems of the tropics and invite them to our sis terhood of nationalities. The opportuni ty to co.uet with them will not 1 want ing then,' we imagine. Annex San Do mingo, and what then? Hay ti. Cuba, Jamaica and the Bahamas may seek the protection of our flag; or we mav seek them, as we now do San Domingo. With all these in our I'nion. other islands may be found necessary to our national pros perity, or to Miggest the bug'ooar of a fu ture foreign war. We condemn the pol-I'-y. Surely we have land enough iu our broad west to tax our energies to culti vate, to explore, and through which to weave a net-work of railroads, for one century at least, without entering upon the hazardous job of att:ic-iiir r our selves a colony of greasy Spaniards and dirty half breeds. 1 the soil they inhabit ever so bountiful or the air thev breathe laden with the perfume of vast gardens let itsi; content with what ' Knough is as good as a feast," of rose we have says the proverb, and the maxim will hold good in the affairs of nations as well as of individuals. Would it not lie wise to develop our mines, civilize, christian izo, educate and weld together our many incongruous social and political elements. before attempting that feat iu the island of San Domingo? "One- should ! just oeloro being generous. We fear the president is a little 1'topian. and that hi "glittering generalities" will not con dense to solid facts. As all is not gold that glitters," we are constrained to op pose his San Dojningo singulation. We have enough territory now; nay. too much. With reference to our claims airaiiist Kngland in the Alabama matter, the pre sidetit is tame, offensively so, when the justice of these claims is considered. He only "regrets to say that, no conclusion has been reached," when he should have said he was "ashamed to say lw, conclu sion hail been reached." He adds, -the cabinet of lndou does not appear to lie willing to concede that her majesty's gov ernment was guilty of negligence, or did ,it i...n.,,..i - i i . -I i'v.1 lumen uuy act miring the war. i v .v. t-i .... i nnn.li me i uupj .states iiasajust . ..a.-e of complaint." This virtually is a refu sal to pay ; nothing less than that. Now if we have just claims against Kngland for her perfidious course towards us du ring the war. it is time they were put in train of payment, and if we have no claims it is time our pretensions were withdrawn. We want no' money that is not honestly ours. We should surrender none that is ours. It has been nearly six years since the closo of the war. During all this time these claims have been in chancery, still they verge no nearer set tlement than when the case was first call- I If. s.. . . . ci. n the J.ritish government will not acknowledge their justice, make it at i ii ., Knowledge them, and pay them, too, or ourselves own that we were wron and cat a piece of that same large humble pic we so greedily devoured when offered us by that power in the demand for the surrender of Mason and Slidell under the lying pretext of yielding to theneeessi ties of international law. Three' foreign ministers Adams, Johm.on and Motlev have severally had the handling of these claims ; neither of whom have ad vanced farther than to be punctiliously dined, wined, feted and toasted, all the proceeding leing si,iccfl with the hollow refrain of that " friendly feeling now and for a long period existing between the two nations of the same blood and shak ing the same language," and of "a set tlement consistent with the honor and dignity of the two nation," which our president has heard so many times that the language, has become lto a part of his hciug as to be incorporated into this his cond annual message, apparently with the idea that the language wa original with himself. We do not advocate a war f-r the collection of these claims. War i the first resort of fools and the last nr.. Iea! of wise men. , But we would adjust them peacefully if we could, forcibly if c, must," or back down. We would have a jolicy there was no mistaking. The Canadian fisheries question nnd the free navigation of the St. Lawrence claims a fair share cf the president's attention, who says an unfriendly feeling is harbor ed by the Canadian outhorities, which is exhibited by them in jietty acts of hos tility ; he asks congress to authorize him j to stop goods in transit "across our terri j tory destined for the New Dominion, in 1'iuLoic i: coiiiiuueu. iuis is a menace. ' It looks like coercing a pow. er that Is took weak to resist us. Why not spunk up to Kngland as well? Mark Twain's ' Innocent's Abroad. It is seldom that a book has ajijieared which so well combiner instruction and amusement, yet is not silly, aud gives the reader an ever increasing interest in it pages, and one that he can take up at any hour, finding new ideas each time, as this book bv America's cr-p.-it l,iiiim,-i-t - e . Such a work we !elievc the above to le. Our readers have all heard of it We have frequently made mention of and ad vertised it in our columns; but as no agent has apjieiired in the vicinity, it is prohable that but few have seen it. . This is a book for everybody. The grave and the gay iu it have a companion when de prived of those, that can converse with eye and tongue. The universal commen dation which this book receives from all classes of eople, is a sufficient voucher for all we have said. Than the author of this book no writer in the country is more popular? Who has not read his witty, humorous satin!?, inlaid ns t!,,,. always are with flashes of sense rarely to be met with ? Who ha, not admired his elegant language and rare jiowers of des cription ? It gives information of the Holy Laud not found in many hooks de voted to its description aud history ; in formation, too, that is worthy of lieing laid up in the storehouse of meinorv. Now that France is lieing rent in pie-' ces by the cruel war that is r;iiriur upon her soil, aiid we are daily expecting to hear ot the tall of its gay capital, his description of that country becomes dou bly interesting. ( 'oniniencing with Spain aud l rance. the party of which he was one went through Kuroe. Turkey, l.gvpt. I ale.stme aud into iUissia. in the jour ney you seem to Ik? with him all the time, and we have in one exceedin-lv lumd some octavo of ir.O well illustrated pa ges. the result of their observations and experiences during a period of" six mouths. v e give a description of M ilan cathedral. toe most wonderful in F.urope: ". t like to revel in the m..i-,;i of the great cathedral. Thc'buildiii" is hve hundred feet long by one hundred ami eighty wide, and the principal stce pic is m the neighborhood of four hun dred feet high. It ha- 7,1 s marble statues, aud will have upward of :U)(t) more wheu it is finished. In addition it lias one thousand five hundred bas-reliefs It has one hundred and thirtv sk- twenty one more are to be added. i-.adi spire is surmounted by a statue six and a halt teet hi-'h. F.verv thiiif ahont the church is marble, aud all from the same quarry ; it was bequeathed t the Archbishopric for this purpose centuries .io. .so nothing nut the mere workman ship costs; still th.it i ovi,.;,- !, 1 ... H--1 t7 IHU mil toots up six hundred and ei"htv four uumou, oi irancs. thus tar .,., , ,ir-. .l.- over a hundred millions of dollars.) anil it is estimated that it will fr.ke one hun dred and swenty year, vet to finish the cathedral. It looks complete, but is far ii''iu oeing so. u e saw a new statue nut in its niche vesterd.n- ;il,mr.;,ln ..e which had been standing these four hun dred years, they said. There are four staircases leadina1 on to tlm tii;h ,.,.i each ot which cost a hundred thousand dollars, with the four hundred and eieht statues which adorn them. AIo '..', piono was the architect who designed the wonderful structure more than five hun dred years ago. and it took him fortv six ) ears to worK out the plan and get it ready to hand over to the builders. He is dead now. 1 he building was bpuii a little less than five hundred years ago, and the third generation hence will not see it completed. The building hiks liest by moonliirht, lecause the older portions of it being stained with age, contrast unpleasantly with the newer and winter portions, ft seems somewhat too broad for its heb'ht. but mayjie familiarity with it might dis sipate this impression. They say that the Cathedral of Aiilan is second onlv to St. I Vter's !)t t?oT., I can not understand how it can be second to anything made by human hands. Ne bid it ''(Hsl-bve. now nnssiMv f.. all time. How surelv. Ill viilno f'i,rii,.A nv, when the memorv of it J, .ill lost its vividness, shall we have seen it iu a wonderful dream, but never with waking eyes !" Here is his account of his first exueri 1 ence in a liarter 5 shop iu Paris ; I said L Wanted to be shaved 'I I. n liaroer inquired where my room was. J said, never mind where mv nil on -., T wanted to be shaved there, on the spot i ne doctor said lie would he Mm -i in 1 lien there was an evi.;trm.i.ii ..,.,.. .......hivih UUIMtli; thoe two barlnrs Tl.prr. w.u ----- - - M l- liU. consultation, and afterwards a hurrvin" 1 r . i f ... t i .inn no aim a ievensii gathering up of u.oisiroiu on,cure places aud a ransack. ing for soap. Next they took us into a little mean, shabby back room: they "-ot two ordinary sitting-room chairs and placed us in them, with our coats on Jly old, old dream of bliss vanished into thin air ' I sat bolt upright, silent, sad. u.ul ,,1 emu. One of the wig making villains lamereii my i ace tor ten terrible minutes and finished bv plasterini? suds into mv mouth. I expelled the uastv stuff ivifli a strong r.ngusn expletive and s:nd V,r eigner, beware!" Then this outlaw stivin ped his razor on his boot, hovered over me ominously tor six leartul secom , ami then swooped dowu over me like the gen ins of destruction. The first fake of his razor loosened the very hide from mv ously, we are not sure but Gen. Grant is about half right in his wish" to acquire San Domingo. Another fact we leant from the message which we did not know before. We had supposed government gave an unbroken belt of land on each side of the track, thus giving the various coqKiratimis a complete monopoly of that narrow territory (not so very narrow, ei ther) through which the roads run. This is not the case. Government reserves each alternate section, which it sells at double rates, (2,50) the common price being cl By this means it develops our western wilds in a day which without such action, would lay desolate for years, losing nothing itself, as the land brings a higher price nnd a readier sale. This Knowledge tietter reconciles us to what has often heretofore lieen called " its wasteful extravagance" in the matter of its enormous laud grants. But we que: tion the necessity or propriety of being juite so pnwligal of the public domain. VkrmoxtParmkr. We make our best bow to this spirited and handsome little sheet, just started at Newport,' Royal ummiugs proprietor, and under the ed ltonal management of Dr. T. H. Hoskins. Both tltese gentlemen were formerly con nected with the repress, which, in our view, never was better than when they nad to (to with it. We do not know when we have seen a more attractive sheet or one tht starts off with more vigor than -it does. Condensation, not expan sion, is its, motto. All know Dr. Hoskins to lie a racy, vigorous and trenchant wri ter. who understands both the theory and the practice of projier fanning. So high ly is his ability esteemed abroad that he has lieen offered a salary of ??i'u( u to re move to Maine and take charge of one of its leading agricultural papers. We hope the Vermont Fanner will receive that de gree of patronage the initial minilier sllOWS it to o rii-hlv nmrit ..r.,1 ,. .....v, . 1 1 1 . c ait- coiiudent it will receive it. as the propri etor informs us he has pledges in advance from many of the most influential farmers in the county, to aid itt Toth by purseand pen. Vermont till now has had no pure ly agricultural journal of its own. This has not, perhaps, arisen so much from an unwillingness on its part to support one. as for the want of a publisher euteprising enough to make the venture. This risk. happily for this part of the state, is now taken. The disposition to patronize the paper should not be wanting. Mr. Cum- linngs t.ffers to club it with other paper at a fair rate, and if we can make a bar gain that we can live bv. shall offer it to our subscriWs fr the comiii" year. The price of the Fanner is one dollar a year, invariably in advance. Specimen numbers are sent free to everybody, this week. M t sK a i,. The Lamoille Valley Cen tral Musical Association, hold a grand musical festival at MoM-isville, Dec. JO I'l. 22 and 2:.J, under the conduct of 1'i of. O. Terkins of IWon. There will he a happy time down there, we know. roiks leel better when they are miserable in Lamoille county, than they do in mo,t places when they are happy. Tiik HorsKHoi.t). Send in your or der between this and the first of Janua ry, for the Household, the universal fa vorite of the ladies. Send S2.o0. Or ders ought to fe in bv Dee. 2".th. to in sure getting the .January number.' as the orders for it are enormous. It has added .'So.nou to its list the last ve;rr. children of the men who murdereJ ,the old prophets were answerable for all the blood shed, from that of righteous Abel to that of Zacharias, what is thq relation of the Masons of the present day to the men who sunk Morgan in the Niagara ? Xor do we' wonder they 'shun discussions when they themselves are bound under such horrible penalties not to reveal the tecret (?) mysteries of their system. "I do not suppose that all Masons are vil lains, nor do I cherish persoual ill-will towards any one on account of the lateJ attair ; but 1 believe the nature and ten dency of Masonry is pernicious, as it af fects individuals connected with it ami community at large. I would therefore warn all, young men especially, against a leap in the dark. Masons aud others ar gue there can 1 no hann in Masonry or such and such good men would not pat ronize it. But good men are but men, and liable to be deceived, and wheu once initiated I believe they occupy about the worst possible position to judge correctly of its character. Yet many do condemn it and withdraw silently from it. nut my yam is becoming mine too long. A little candid inquiry resjiecting il I v - tne nature and tendency ot secret socie ties will do no harm. B. Comings. Greensboro, Dec. 7. 170. The President's Message. i hi: W ak. War news is dull, contra dictory and worthless. The French are going up soon. A. Good-Bye. face and lifted me out of mv ,A.,;r stormed aud raved, and the other boys en joyed it. lheir beards are not strong and thick. Let us draw the curtain over this harrowing scene. Suffice it that I submitted, and went through with the 111111 "luiciion ot a shave by a French barber ; tears of exquisite agony coursed down my cheeks, now and "then, but I survived. Then the incipient assassin held a basin of water under my chin and slopped its contents over my face, and in to my bosom, and down the back of my neck, with a mean pretense of washing away the soap and blood. He dried my features with a towel, and was' going to comb my hair; but I asked to be excus ed. 1 said, with withering irony, that it was ttufucieut to be skinued I declined to be scalped." LAUsdi Kinpnkss. We have long been aware of the immense laud grants made by government in aid of western canal and railroad enterprises. We knew they were enormous ; but not until we had read the president's message, did we have any just conception of their magni tude. J hat document informs us that during the past year over 278.000.0(h) of acres were conveyed for these purpo ses, and that 174,000,000 more are still due. Tli is makes an aggregate of over 400,01 Hi.OOO of acres given in further ance of internal improvements. At this rate of Christian benevolence, about how long will the public lands last? Scri- -JV. JXito,-:X you pennit me through your columns to address a few words to the people of Orleans County ? Having been a resident of this county for over thirty years, and now aliout to re move from the county and state. I desire to expre-s my gratitude for the .numer ous tokens of kindness and confidence 1 have received from them, and especiallv from the numerous individuals from all parts of the countv with whom, d urine . t these many years. I haw hmn i,,,,,!. in more immediate contact, in the labors and efforts to promote social and politic al reforms and not forgetting the more intimate relations of christian fellowship J n taking final leave of my resident friends in this manner, words fail to ex press the emotions that till my heart and J will only say that wherever my lot mav be cast, my prayer to God shall ever lie tor blessings on the people of Vermont and especially of Orleans county. Aud nvw I wish to say a few words in relation to the recent charge brought against me. of violating the I. S. Beve iiue laws, by peddling without license, lest some, through misapprehension. might think my christian character tar nished by this transaction. The facts have Jeen correctly presented to the pub lic in the Standard already. T need not repeat them. I wish to sav here that I did not at the time suppose i was violat ing any law, human or Divine. Xor am I yet convinced that I have, though a de cision it seems Has been made, (by what court or authority I am unable to sav) that selling books frolu house to house. by subscription or otherwise, is within the meaning of the law, yet I am well assured also that in some parts of the county men have been arrested on the same charge, and dismissed on the ground that selling books by subscription, or other goods by sample as sewing ma chines, musical instruments or anv kind of goods where orders were taken and the goods delivered at another time, is not peddling, and requires no law. As I am now under bonds to take my trial, it is probable that this question will be set- ticu, and so some good anse trom the evil intent doubtless at the bottom of this petty affair. Now though this be a pet ty affafr and of trivial consequence, I de sire to say there is a cause lying back of it of more consequence to the welfare of community. Free Masonry was unques tionably the instigator in this case. Aud now let me ask, are free Americans to be dragooned into silence lest they offend the devotees of this midnight cabal '? W hence is Masonry ? from heaven or of men? "What if we should inquire into the violations of Uiw practiced in the lodges.. in relation to unlawful oaths? See Oneral Statutes, page 6S;l, Sec, 19, 20, 21. It is not to be wondered at Ma sons should be sensitive and unwilling their history should be known ; the rec-: ord is not one to be proud of. Nor should we wonder that they fear and tremble at mention of the name of Morgan. If the Fellow Citizms of the Senate and nf the House of f,epreseiitiitir"!i: A year of pe:iee and ireneral ni-osnm-irv to this nation has nassed sine tho 1-i.t assembling of Coughs. "We have, thro' a kind B rovideuce, been blessed with abundaut crops and have been' spared from complications and war with foreign nations. In our midst nmmarativo l.--- luony has been restored. It is to lie re gretted, however, that the free exercise of the elective frauchise has. by violence and intimidation, been denied to citizens in exceptional cases in some of the states lately in rebellion, and the verdict of the people has thereby been reversed. The states of Virginia, Mi.ssissiiii.i and 'IW-w have been restored to representation in our national council:., (ieon'ia. the onlv tatc now without iviovsPntr,t;.,i. confidently be expected to take her pi t.-e there also at the beginning of the ucw year, and then, let us hope, will Sic co-.n-pleted the work of reconstruction with an acquiescence on the part of the whole people iu the national obligation to pay the public debt created as the price of our union, the pensions to our disabled sol diers and sailors and their widows and or phans, and in the changes to the Cousii tution which have ltcen made ne?e-s iry hy a great rebellion,-there is no reason why we should not advance in our national prosperity and happiness as no other na tion ever did after o protracted and do- asiaung a war. THE FRENCH KKl'l Kl.lc. As soon as 1 learned that a Bepuhlic had been proclaimed at Paris. ud that the people of France had acquiesced in the change, the Minister of the T.'uited States was directed by telegraph to recog nize it. and to tender my congratulations and those of the people of the l imed States. The re-establishment in Frame of a system of government disconnected with the dynastic tradition, ,,f Kuivi-e apjieared to be a possible project for the felicitations of American',. shnnl.l tl. present result in a change, to the French, to our simple tonus of renresPin.-itiv.. o-,,-.- crninent it will le a subject of still fur ther satisfaction to our r.eonl,-. Wlolp we make no effort t i inn-ise our m,firn tioiis upon the inhabitants of other coun tries, and while wc adhere to our tradi tional neutrality in civil contests e!-c-where. we cannot )w i spread of American political ideas in a great and highly civilized country like France. We were asked bv the new gov ernment to use our L'ood offices i.iii.rU- with those of Kuroi-ean powers in the in terests of peace. The answer was made that the established policy ami the free interests of the Fnited !ate, forbade them to interfere in Kuroi.-m ,,o,t;..,w jointly with Furojican powers. I ascertained mtonuallv and unofiicial- ly that the government of North dennanv ui.i iiu-o uispoaeu to iisteu to anv men representations from the other Kuro pean powers, and wishimr to ,op tl.'o M... sings of peace restored to the beligereuts with all of whom the Fnited States are on tenns of friendship. I declined on the r i.:.. . . ..unvi im, ocillUieii' to T:l : ;l s'fn ...l : i . i i i . . . . 1 iiicu would on V resu t in i;nnrv t.. true interest,, witnout advancing the oh ject for which our intervention was in yoked. Should the time come when the action of the Fnited States cau hasten the return of peace by a single hour, that icuou win ne heartily taken. I .lnl I . rt -.uriura ii jiiuueui, in view ot the number of persons of German ami French birth living in the lTnitd Stit t ; soon after official notice of a state of war- had been recer-ed from Wli ho;,-.-.,, a proclamation, defining the duties of the i niieo Mates as a neutral, and the obli gatious of persons residing within their territory to observe their laws and the laws of nations. This proclamation was- ionoweu ry others as circumstances seem ed to call for them. The opoi.1 tl.iu .. quainted, in advance of their ,loto, ....i obligations, have assisted in preventing violations or tne neutrality of the l uited cnaies. CUBAN AFFAIRS. ii- ; .....i.. . i it. l ii - l " "o'u isioou mat tue condition of the insurrection iu Cuba has mnformllv t.vr.. ..: i. . i , .'i , . . niaiigir.i since me ciose oi tne last session ot Congress. In an early stage of the contest the authorities of Spain inaugur ated a system of arbitrary rn,t confinement, and of milit.irv tn'nl 1 eeution of persons susjveted f complicity iui uie insurgents, aud ot a summary embargo of their rronerties Hrwl tl, questration of their revenues by the Ex ecutive warrant. Such procee'din",. so far as thev affect the nersons or nr. tv of citizens of the United States, were in violation of the provisions of tl of 170."i between the United States and Snmn i The representations of iniui ics -.Y,nlt ing to several iiersons claiming to be cit- i il t - i -i , liens oi ine i nited States, by reason of such violations, were mmlp to thn i.,.. ish government. From April, 1SG9, to June last the Spanish minister at "Wash ington had been clothed with a limited power to aid in redressing such wrongs. That power was found to ht n-ith, in view, as I have said, of the favorable situation in which the Island of Cuba then was. which, howpwr. did nnt ioi to a revocation or suspension of the extra ordinary ana arbitrary functions exercis ed by the executive power in Cuba, and we were obliged to make our complaints at Madrid. In the opened, and still pending there, the Fnit- eu nuues ciainwa that tor the tuture, the right secured to tlipir should be respected in Cuba, and that, as to the past, a joint tribunal, should be es tablished in the United Strifes witJi f,.ll . . . .. ma junsdiction of all such claims. Before sucn an impartial tribunal, each claimant would be required to prove his case; on the other hand Spain would be at liberty to traverse everv material f-mt ami t,. " " 1 1 1 Lr. oi Jiplete equity would be done. SETTLKMKXT Or CLAIMS. A case which at oim time thr.-, .1 seriously to affect the relations between the United States mid Snnin tine nlr-oo,!.. --'- . ( . ...... .Ill ' 1 been disposed of in this way. The claim Of the Col. Llovd Asninxrall for thn ille gal seizure and detention of that. . vssol was referred to arbitration by mtvtual consent, and has resulted in aa award to the United States, for the owners of -the same, of $19,702,50 in gold. . Another and long pending claim of a like nature, that of the whale ship Canada, has been disposed of by friendly arbitrament ; dur ing the niipspiit. T-oni- If ty. i -J I - J - v nas -1C1C11CU, by the joint consent of Brazil and the United States-, tn th ,7;;,, f c: t.i " f -uvioivu Ul '11 1 1- ward Thornton, Her Brittannic Majesty's . . ,, u.,u,luU iiu kiuuijt un dertook the task of PYaioininw Fhp -oln mjnous mass of correspondence: and - tes timony contributed bv th " "J x. 'j uvyu 11- mcnts, and awarded to the United States ice sum oi one hundred thousand and seven hundred ami frup ,1,11 .i i.: - - J UV11U19 U1IU llillt? cents iq gold, which has since been paid V.. il . T. ' 1 . . oj. me imperial ixovernment The-:e recent examples show that the mode which the United States have pro- .r, nujusLiug me penuiug claims is just and feasible, and that it may te agreed to by either nation with- out dishonor. T Jc rt v i j ii.i this moderate demand may be acceded to uj opam wiunout iurther delay. Should the pending negotiations 11 11 "filfT4 O till TT and unexpectedly be without result, it mwuiuc my umjtocouimunicatethat " v ""gress and invite its action on , i. . i - i me nuojecu ANNEXATION )F ?AN OOMIXOO. Duriiig the last session of Congress a lor iue annexation ot the Kepublie of San Dtimingo tothe I 'nited States fail ed to receive tae requisite two-thirds vote of the Senate. 1 was tJiom.in-i.i-., ed then that the best interests of this country, commercially and materially, de manded its rafihVat; umi, uan uiuv connrnied me in this view. I now firmly Jjelieye tiat tie moment it is known that the I niteil Sfcito- In,.. .,:i.. i... I i; cuuiciy ilOUIKlOIl- arl M . . ! 1 C jocci oi accepting as a part of a free port wi'4 be negotiated for by F:u In the Bv S:im:in..i luri. mercial city will spring up, to which we will be tributary without receiving cor- icsHiuiiii oeuents. I'he iverument of San Domingo has voluntarily sought this annexation. It IS a Weak tiower. nmnln ..V..l.l., less than 1lu,(km souls, and yet possess ing one of the richest localities under the sun. and capable of supporting a popula tion of 10,000,000 of people in luxury. 1 he Peopte (if Sail 1 lommm. ana ble ot maintaining theiuselves in their I -resent condition and must hxk for out side support. They yeani for the protec tion ofour fleet, institution, ml l9r. our i-rogress ami civilization. Shall we refuse them? 'The acnuisiro.n ,.f ,..n Domingo is desirable becnuso of o-.. graphical position. It commands theen- ance fd the Carri'tieau Sea and the Isth- NUMBER 50. mus. and the transit possesses the richest of commerce. It il. thp Lost m.l most cai-acious harbor, the mo,t salubri ous climate and the most v.ilu-ililp t.,. ducts of the purest miues and soil of auv ..C .1. llr .1 l- t i , . . - oi uie "CI nulla 1, am s t, tita. .. by ii- will iii a few years build up a coastwise commerce of immense inn. mi. tude which will ro far towards restoring toils th.o-e ar;i les which we con-iler greatly innortanr a-id . I -, nor T,r...i.. - , , ...-V -I - ... llv. tans 'viiii ilizing" our exports and im- IiOft-. In ca.e of a foreign war it will irive ns command of all the islands ami thus pre ent an euetuy from securing for himself a place of rendezvous on 'ur coast. At presotit our .-oast trade Wtween the t;;tfs l.K.rd.ring on the Gulf of .Mexico is by the Bahamas and the Antilles. Twice, we must, as it were, j-as, through foreign countric, to gc by fr-m (ieorgia to the we-t coast of Florida. AI'V ANTAuKs ii ANKATIO. San Domiag... with a -table (iovern meiit under which her immen-e resources can be dcvclojied. will give remunerative wages to ten thousand lalK-rers not now ui-on the ishiad. This laW will take a-1- vantyge ot etery availance and means of iraiisjionation to abandon the adjacent islands and seek the bleings of freedom and its consequences, each inhabitant re ceiving the reward of his own laW. I'or- to j;ieo ami Cuba will have to abolish s.averv as a measure of self-preservntion so -in am nie:r laborer,. ;ln lioinino will tiecome a large consumer of the pro ducts ot Aorthern lanns and manubu-tur. ers. The cheap rate at which her citi- - zens can he turn-.s hed with f.n.d t..U-i.l machinery will make it necessary that the contiguous Mauds have the same ad vantages iu order to compete in the pro duction of sugar, coffee, tobacco, tropical iruits. tVc I iii will 01,011 to us a wider market for mir products. The p rod tie f.oo of our own ,ntirlv of flmto I V ...... . .... ii a will cut off more than one hundred mill ions ofour annual iuqiorts besides large ly increasing our exports. With such" a picture it is eay to see how our large debt abroad i, ultimately to be extinguish ed. Y ith a balance of trade against us including the interest of bonds "held bv toreigner, aud money shipments to our ciu.eiis traveling in foreign lands, equal to the entire yield of precious metals in this country, it is not so eay to ,ee how this result i, to l- otherwise accomplish ed. 1 I'he acquisition of San Domingo is an adherence to the Monroe doctrine ; it is a measure of national protection : it is as serting our just claim and controlling in fluence over the great commercial traffic soon to flow from West to Ka.,t by the Isthmus of Darien: it is to build.up our merchant marine ; it is to furnish tew markets for the products of our farms, shops and manufactories : it is to make slavery unsiipportable in Cuba and Torto 1'ieo at once, and ultimately so iu Brazil: it is to settle the unhannv condition nf Cuba and end an extenninating conflict. It is to provide honest means of , - i J ""C3 our honest debts without over-taxing the people; it is to furnish our citizens with i:e necessaries ol every day lite at cheap er rates than ever tipforp nnd it iu in iine, a raj-id stride toward that greatness which the intelligence and euternrise. of the citizens of the United States entitle this country to assume among nations. In view of the importance of this nuestion. I earnestly urge upon Congress early ac tion imiiressive of its vipws as to thp l.pt means of acquiring San Domingo. Mv c-...., ..! ii. i . i niggc-suou i, unit, oy a joint resolution ot the two houses of Con.oress the Exprntivp be authorized to appoint a commission to negotiate a treaty with the authorities of San Domimro for the acouisitiori of fhat. Island; that an appropriation be made to defray the rxneiises of suMi pomini,- sion. and the nuestion then be ilptomiinpd iy the action of the two Houses of Con gress upon a resolution ot annexation, as in the case of the acquisition of Texas. O convinced am 1 Ot all t ip n vantnerp to flow from the nmiisitiin of Snn lk miugo and of the great disadvantages, I might almost say calamities, from the nou-acnuisition. that I IipUpvp thp tnn- ject has ouly to be investigated to be proved. EXTRADITION TTEATIES. It is the obvious interest. esrponllv of noifhhorinnr ll -l h'ftIK to nrnrijA onttini-l c to " - -.uimv uaiiiu tne impunity ot those who may have com mitted high crimes within their borders, aud who may have sought refuge abroad. For this purpose extradition treaties have been concluded with several of the Cen tral American Republics, and others are iu progress. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS. I regret to say that no conclusion has been reached for the adjustment of the claims against Great Britian, growing out or tne course adopted bv that (iovernmeat during the rebellion. The : Cabinet of .London, so far as its views have been ex- I r.s.-e l. flops noF annpar tn hp willinr in concede that Her Majesty's Government .lA .1. 1 . us guiuy oi negligence, or na, or per mitted any act dnring the' war by which the United. States .has a just cause- of complaint, i he ever firm ana unalter able convictions of our people are direct ly the reverse. I therefore reconimend to Congress to authorize the appointment of a commission to take proof of the amounts and the ownership of their claims, or notice to the representative of Her .Majesty at "Washington, and that authority be given for the settlement of t.bpsp plnimn ir T"U4 CL. . . -.iiuj Vj uie Ulili mj that the Government shall have the own ership of the private claims as well as the responsible control of all the demands against Great Britian. "It cannot be nec essary to add that whenever Her Majesty's- Government shall entertain the de sire for a full and friendly adjustment of these claims the United States will enter upon their consideration with an earnest desire for a conclusion,, consistent with the honor and dignity of both nations. THE CAXDUX riSHEKIES. , ; ... The course pursued by the Canadian authorities toward the fishermen of the United States during the past season has not been marked by a friendly feeling. By the first article of the convention of 1818, between Great Britian and the United States, it was agreed that the in habitants of the United States should have forever, in common with British subjects, the right of taking fish in the waters therein defined. In the waters not included in the limits named in the Convention "within three miles of parts of the British coast .." if ha - w ut-3 tv VUw utin torn for many years to give to intruding usucruieu oi tne i nited States reasonable warning of their violation of the technic al ngnts ot (ireat Bntian. The Imperial stood to have delegated the whole or a simie m us junsdiction or control of these inshore fisheries' msnund l 'r--.i j..vuvaj wj lui; V-VlOlllUl authonty known as the Dominion of Can- aua , ami tnis semi-independent, but ir responsible agent. bn O ' VAVIVI.T,U 11? UCIC" gated powers in an unfriendly way. Yes- DC" oeen seized without notice or warning, in violation of the custom pre viously prevailing, and have beeu taken into the Colonial norts tli broken up and their vessels condemned. There is reason to believe that this un friendly and vexatious treatment trn, ilo. signed to bear harshly upon the hardy fishennen of the United States, with a view to political effect upon this Govern ment. The statutes of the Dominion of Canada assume a still broader untenable jurisdiction over the vessels of the United States. They authorize offi cers or persons to hrinrr vpssel. within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks or harbors of Canada into ports, to search the cargo, to exam ine the master under oath, to cbnjiw thn cargo and voyage, and to inflict ujion him a heavy pecuniary i-enalty if true answers ire not given : and it such a vessel is found '-preparing to fish" within threp marine miles of any such coasts, bays, creeks or harbors, without a license, or after the expiration of the lieriod named in uie iasi license granted to it, they pro vide that the vessel, with hertm-l-lp a ,- vc. shall be forfeited. It is not known that anv cnndpinn-i. tious have been made nnder'tln' ct.it Should the authorities of Canada attempt to enforce it. it will become my dutv to take such steps as may be necessary to protect the rights of the citizens of" the L uited States. It has been claimed by Her Majesty's officers that thp fi,!,ii,. ." sels of the l'nit?d States b:ivp no r-tn-Kt t,. ente the oj-en ports of the British" pos sessions in North America except for the purposes of shelter and repairing dama ges, of purchasing wood and obtaining water; that they have no right to enter at the British Custom 11 OUSPk or tr trade there, except for the purchase of "uou mm water, and that they must dp part within -Ji hours after notice to leave, it is not known that any seizure of a fish.. ing vessel carrying the Vnited States flag has been made under this claim. So far as the claim is founded on alleged con stniction of the Convention of IsH. it cannot lie acquiesced in by the United States. It is hoped that it will not ! insisted upon by Her Majesty's govern ment During the conference which pre ceded the negotiation of the Convention i- the rintish Commissioner, ,..r,,. posed to expressly exclude the tishenuen of the United States from the privilege of carrying, on trade with any of His Bnttanic Majesty's subjects residing with in the limits assigned for their use. and also that it should not le lawful for the vessels of the United States engaged in the said fishery to have on board anv g'ods. wares, or merchandise whatever, except such as might lie necessary for the prosecution of their voyages to and from said fishing grounds, and anv vessel of the Uuited States which shall contra vene this regulation may lie seized, con demned ami confiscated, with her cargo. This proposition which is identical with the construction now put upon the lan guage of the Convention, was emphatical ly regretted by the Aiiipri,;.ii W -s.. - VllUUIt- ; t,, . 'iiiai j . aim ill L1C1C 1. as it stands in the Convention, was sub stituted. If, however, it be -aid that this claim is founded on Provincial .r Colonial statutes, and not upon the Con vention, this Government cannot but re gard it as unfriendly aud in contraven tion of the spirit if not of the letter of the treaty, for the faithful execution of which the Imperial Government is alone responsible. Anticipating that an attempt mav pos sibly be made by the Canadian authori ties in the coming season to repeat their unneighhorly acts toward our fishermen, 1 recommend vou to confer nnon tlP :-"v. ecutive the power to suspend, by procla- luauou. me operation ot the laws author izing the transit of troods. wares ami mo chandise in bond across the territory of the United States to Canada; and fur ther, should such an extreme niran 1. come necessary, to suspend the operation of any laws whereby the vessel, of the dominion or tanada are permitted to en ter the waters of the United States. THE NAVIGATION OK THE ST. LAWRENCE. Mr. Clay advanced his argument in Be half of our right, the principle for which he contended has been frequently, and by various nations, recognized by .law. 'and treaty,and has been extended to several other great rivers. By the treaty concluded at Mayenee in 1831," the Eh ine was declared free from the point where it is first navigable to the sea. By the convention between Spain and .Portugal, concluded , in 1 So 5, the navigation of the Douro throughout its whole extent was made frep for flip subjects of both crowns. In 18o.'l the Ar gentine coniedoration by treaty then open ed the free navigation of the Paraguay and Uruguay to the merchant vessels of all nations. In ISoC the Crimean war closed by a treaty which provided for the free navigation of the Danube. In 1858 Bolivia, by treaty, declared that it regard ed the rivers Amazon and La Plata', in accordance with fixed principles of na tional law, as highways or channels open ed by nature for the commerce of all na tions. In 18o!) the Paraguay was made nee uy treaty, and in December, lu'j, the Emperor of Brazil, by imperial de cree, declared the Amazon to be open to the frontier of Brazil to the merchant ships of all nations. The greatest living untish authority on this subject, while assenting to the abstract right of the British claims, says ; "It seems difficult to deny that Great Britain may ground the refusal upon strict law, but it is equal ly difficult to deny first, that in so doing she exercises harshly an extreme and hard law; secondly, that her conduct with respect to the navigation of the St Lawrence is in glaring aud discreditable inconsistency with her conduct with 're spect to the navigation of the Mississippi, ou the ground that slip iioec,p,l a t,n - " s- i - rwn U .sjuuu domain in which the Mississippi took its rise. She insisted on the right to navi gate the entire volume of its waters on the ground that she possesses both banks oi me .t. J-awrence where if disembogues itself into the sea. She denies to the United States the rioht f m,-;mt;,. though about one-half " of thp .-TitT.r r the lakes Ontario, Krie, Huron and Supe- nor ana tne whole ot tne take Michigan, through which the river flow, arp the property of die United States. The whole nation ii interested in ,e,.or;i.o- cheap transportation from the agricultural .-uucs .-i merest to the Atlantic sea board, 'io tiie citizens of tho,p StMte, it secure, a greater return for their labor. I o Uie inhabitants of the seaboard it af fords cheai-er food. To the nation ;.r i crease in tiie annual surplus of wealth. it i, unpen mat the iioveniment of Great Britain will see the illstil-P of a Tin ml.. ion ti the narrow and inconsistent claim to which her Cauudiuu provinces have urged her adherence. THE BEPHEsSIOX OK AMEillCAX C'O.MMKUOK. Our depressed commerce is a subject to which I called your special attention at the last session, and suggested that we will in the future have to look more to the countries south of us. and to ' China and Japan, for its revivd. Our represen tatives to all these governments have ex erted their influence" to encourage trade between the "-"uked States and the coun tries to which they are accredited, but the fact exists that the carrvinsr is done almost entirely in foreign bottoms, and while thi, state of affairs exists we can not control our due share of the commerce of the world. That between the Pacific Stales and ( hiua ami Japan is about ail the carrying trade now conducted in American vessels. I would recommend a liberal policy toward that line of Ameri can steamers, Ue that will insure its suc cess and even increased usefulness. The co,t of building iron vessels, theonlv ones that can compete with foreign ships 'in the carrying trade, is -o mucli greater in the 1 nited State than in foreign countries that without s-.me assistance from the ioverm!ieut they cannot 1-e successfully built here. There will be several propo". Mtions laid 1-oforo Congress iu the course of the prevent ses-iou, looking for a rera ody for this evil, even if it should be at s..iue cost to the National treasury. f hope such encouragement will be giv en as wiil secure American shipping on the high seas, and American shipbuilding at h"iue. TiiK ;ivi:i:n.jkt kxpknvks koi: tuk ("Miv; VK.Ul. I he estimates for the excuse, 0f tiie Government for the next fiscal year are Si s.i' 11.:; less than for the current one. but exceed the aM.r-.s.rhith.n for t!, like to see remedied by this Congress. It is a reform in the civil service of the coun try. I' would have it go beyond the mere fixing of the terms of office of clerks and employes who do not require '-the ad vice and consent of the Senate" to make their appointments complete. I would have it govern not the ienure, but the manner of all appointments. There is no duty which so much em barrasses the Executive and heads of dp. partmeuts as that of appointments ; nor is there any such arduous and thankless labor as that ot finding places for consti tuents. The present system does not se cure the best men, and often not even fit men, tor a public place. The elevation and purification of the civil service of the r . -,i , , , , uovernment win oe naned witn approval by the whole people of the United States. reform ix the management of indian affair:-. ! The refonn in the management of In dian affairs has received the special at tention of the Administration from the inauguration to the present day. The ex periment of making it a missionary work was tried with a few agencies given to the denomination of Friends, and has been found to work advantageously. All agencies aud superintendeucies not so j: i . 1 . - uisposed oi were given to officers ot the arnvy. The act of Congress reducing the army renders army officers ineligible for civil positions. The Indian arpnoips lie ing civil offices, I determined lo give all tne agencies to such religious denomina tions as had heretofore established mis sionaries among the Indiaits, and per haps to some other denominations, who would undertake the work on the same tenns, as a missionary work. The societies selected are allowed to nSme their owu agents, subject to the ap proval of the executive, and are expected to watch over them and aid them as mis-' siouaries to christianize and civilize the Indian and to train him in th arts of peace. The Government watches over the official acts of these agents and re quires of them as strict an aceoimtnhiiitT- as if they were apjxiiuted in any other uiauiicr. l entertain tne conndeut hoj-e that the policy now rursued will in a few years bring all Iudiaus upon reserva tions, where they will live in houses, have school houses and churches and will be pursuing peaceful and self-sus-taining avocations, and where they may be visited by the law-abidiug white man with the same impunity that he now vis its the civilized white settlements. I call your social attention to the report of the Commissioner of Indians Affairs for full information on this subject. TIIK CEXsi-s. The work of the Census Bureau has been energetically prosecuted. The pre- nuMuar) reports, containing much mior mation of snecial value and interest will be ready for delivery during the present session, ine remaininc vo ume, wi bp completed with all the di-natch consist ent with perfect accu t.cy in arranging aud classifying the r tun s. We -hni'l thus, at no distant da . be furnished with an authentic account four condition and I resource,, h will. I doubt not. attist the gro-viug prosperity of the country, al though. Durin g the "decade which" has j list clos.-d it was severely tried by the great war waged to maintain its integrity and to oeure and perpetuate our free institutions. wVjSL'"03 BI003 3DHC33 -uji way jo i..i. )n 1 "JlBPlwo-q Jin to nor" BSLiBtpMppn. train iSnm" 1"oi,,2 Xiniuail s ohm ranojqsj,, '!ti 'qaiqj nornpura im ajtn raosj-id nsnJJjrm.'Jnpo.sjiiniaitun! sim .fRDUllBip wisp , ,n IH p-1-P nonipoos -Moujs-iaBiDopj ; J-ni 3"i w PKNSIOX- During tiie last fiscal l-rc-ent year tor the ,.;!T;.' time ,ss !l7- n tnis c-rio.ite Heretofore i"1" uuicrC..iigi-essii,al pro vision. at:d of hich only , . much i, ask ed as Congress m-y choose to givc. The ajiproj-riation for the same' works for the present fiscal year was .?! l.:S..-,ls.us. A like unfriendly disnosition loi, I manifested on the part of Canada, in the maintenance of a claim to the exclude the citizens of the Unitedtates trom the navigation of the St, Lawrence. This river constitutes a naval .nnflnt t the ocean for eight States, with an aggre gate population of about 17,(100.000 in habitants, and with an aggregate tonnage of 6". 61 1,307 tons upon the waters which discharge into it. The foreign commerce of our ports in these waters is open to British competition, and the major part of it is done in British bottoms. If the American seamen be excluded from tl.; national avenue to the ocean, the monop oly of the direct commerce of tho l.ii- mf s. . v nine ports with the Atlantic would be in for- eign nanus, ineir vessels on transatlantic voyages having an access to our lakp ports, which would be denied to Araeri can vessels in similar voyages. To state such a proposition is to refute. its justice. During the administration of Mr. John Quincv Adams. Mr. Clav imonpstion t-.Ii. demonstrated the natural right of the citizens of the United States to the nav igation of this river, elai - O "-"-A V tilt, act of the Congress of Vienna, in open ing the Khine and other rivers to all na tions, showed the judgment of European jurists and statesmen that the inhabit ants of that country through which a nav igable river passes has a natural right to enjoy the navigation of that river to and into the sea, even though passing through the territory of another power. This right does not exclude the coequal right of the sovereign possessing the territory xl 1 1 . - - - v uirougn wnicn the nver debouches into the sea to make such resrulations rp.ifiV to the police of the navigation as may be reasonably necessary. But these regula tions should be framed in a liberal spirit of comity, and should not impose need less burdens upon the commerce which has the right of transit It has been found in practice more ad vantageous to arrange thesp nm at nn. by mutual agreement and the Uniced 1.-J.A 1 . m estates are reauy to make any reasonable arrangement as to the noliee. nf thp st Lawrence which may be suggested bv r itt'i" . J wreai ntain. If the claim madp hv r.lov a., 4... i - - -v ". Jsi, when the population of the States border ing on the shores of the lakes was only 3,400,000, it now derives greater force and equity from the increased population, wealth, production and States on the Canadian frontiers. .Since TUK AhKAt:K VAI.I K Of ;ol.. As compared wi t-r the whole t,f tic VP;tr Isi;:l aoout l:;i. and for eleven months of hs,u. the same relative value has beeu alHjut 1 The approach to a specie ba Ms is very gratifying, but the fact cannot lie denied that the unstabiiitv of the val ue of our currency is prejudicial to our prosperity and tern's to keep up prices to th3 detriment of trade. The evils of a depreciated and fluctuating currency are so great that now when the premium ou gold has fallen so much, it would seem that the time has arrived when by wise aud prudent legislation Congress "should look to a policy which would place our currency at par with gold, at no distant nay. KKDU'TIOX vp;ir the ,11111 paid to peii-ioiiers. including tiie cost of disbursements, was ?i'7.7.-io.sll,H. ami 1 1 bounty land warrant, were issued. At its close llfsi.Osij names were on the pension ndls. The labor, of the Pension Office have been directed to a severe scru tiny of the evidence submitted in favor of law claims and to the discovery of fic titious claims which have been heretofore allowc'i. The appropriation for the em ployment of social agents for the inves tigation tf frauds has eeu judiciously u-ed and the results obtained 'have "een of unquestionable benefit to the service. TIIK POUCV F Til K ADMINISTRATION". In conclusion 1 would sum up the pol icy of the Administration to be . a thor ough enforcement of every law, a faithful collection of the revenue, economy in the disbursement of the "same, a prompt pay ment of every debt of the nation, a re duction of the taxes as rapidly as the re quirements of the country wil'l admit, the reduction of the taxation to 1-e so arrang ed as to afford the greatest relief to the irreatest mimlier l.,,no-r .....l , ...-.,vi .iini iau ileal- h .-.vever. 1, ! ,ngs with all other people to the end that puol.c works i war. with :,I1 it, i.ii.rl.;,, - , .. -.-.i.u.i,: v"iisc.j;ienecs. may lie avoided, but without surrender ing any right or obligation due us; a re form iu the treatment of the Iudiaus. and iu the whole civil service of the country ; and. finally, in securing a pure, untram melled ballot, where every man who is entitled to cast a vote may do so. ju,t once, at each election, without fear of mo lestation, or proscription ou account of his political faith, nativity or color. tSignedi I". S. GRANT, l.xecutive .Mansion. Dec. 5. 1870. TAXES. The tax collected from the people has been reduced more than eighty million dollars per annum. By steadiness in our present course there is no reason why. in a few short years, the national tax gatherer may not disappear from the door of the citizen almost entirely. With the revenue stamp dispensed by" Postmasters in evert- community, a tax" upon liquors of all sorts, and tobacco in all its fonns, and, by a wise adjustment of the tariff! which will put a duty upon those articles which we could dispense with, known a& luxnries. and on those which we use more oi than we produce, revenue enough may be raised after a few years of peace and n.iiseijuem reduction ot indebtedness to luiiui an our obligations. A further re duetiou of expenses in addition to reduc tion of interest account may be relied up on to make this practicable. i;;:vkxi k hkkokm. If it means this, has my hearty support 1 f it implies a collection of all the reve nue for tiie sunnort the payment of priucipal and interest of me i'uoiic dent, pensions, etc., by direct ly taxing the neonle. th revenue reform and confidently believe ifn- die mi me. 11 it means fail ure to provide thp 1 -vvvuij liitam ivuf tray all expenses of the government, aud thereby repudiation of thp i.m; .i.h . .1 - s-v. j.uuiiv UCUL and pensions, then I am still more oppos ed to such kind of revenue refonn. Bev euue reform has not. 1 ot its adherents to my knowledge, but seems i ne accepted as something which is to supply everv means w.mtpil 1 any cost or effort on his part A tme rev enue refonn cannot h m:i.rlp i ,i.. " " m. vi, i , , OUL must be the work of national legislation ami ume. as soon as, the revenue can oe dispensed with, nil Jnti- i,.,i.i 1 - uwutu ue re- moved from coffee, tea, and other articles of universal use not produced by our selves The necessities of the country rv.x w iviii-b revenue irom our im ports. An amjv of a,s&(r nn nM ors. is not a pleasant sight to the citizen, but that or a tariff for revenue is neces sary. Such a tariff, so far as it acts as an encouragement to home products, af lords employment to labor at living wa Sj v co"trast t0 the Iajier labor of the Uld Worlu, and also the development of home resources. , AUCTIOi,. Bui " ""'0': " 01 a'.i:ir,uo in.ciT, -XlX11 '"s'1 iwi-rwjwd Am "paim-niqiS,'' noi pus "Cf? ,0'B' Pt"' ","!'p " res m iSaS lrVJ !iw iwnd tuqi -:.),; puis 'm.i 8KjpTO,t -Uiu. oinotn,n j ou5?S -ind l VHintwJl jo pui, Jdnjd am puj 'i',f UI pwnooAtm 1 -poom srnjounncinsjia.imij' , . M witw wiiiui rf.i uuoia j, ,- , tra arj jujin: qana ja-j j.Moutoiiuom 10 suv.vn Xq jniod jctll . jcn!(M )rf 3q pinoqs 'm-js .n Aiihass inoqn jo BjniBjJm,)j qu a 'j,itui.-qi Ukut o uiooj uiJBAl c uiA-m oi 'uaq suq jsas pin 'si ipnj,,. fln sf uatfti nfuivuj i ipns joj noq ou r iw q aeui uoiisanb am. i?;iuon 01 o3 ol suciu, q oa SAtq oq . ta.v)dinnuon Xusm aj ajoqi -mo ( vv'-f i5iiiio n.i....vii wi iaii.o;(3 II"- iu-!li;u .11(1 I'llW AUUIIR pilB .lllUlSIUil JJ.ITi'll ou sn:a.uii V!!U AUltlllip pan !iq3Jilndwj3 aql 'iibijt ruBu.x q-noj aqi uaqj ',-iuni ei) jo3UTt!o; s X.; paMOno.1 .taiiii3 9 qoiqA 'qMB ajoui il qi(M puw 'poon; pooa sauioa 'qt(aj jrqi i, u..iiB0nniu3 eqi pun Mioi.i j -.-.-- M;.1 4Jii.jiimunrf.t;q i . ajji uim 01 RiHaq luailBil 1! u.H& UJiM poo? s h jj -ail : -odd pftoi dn a8oi 'q.ivmoisaqioiauuiaAiif 01 'sj loafqoXre -XiKssaa-ittBisin,! Jpunpt oqi 10 irfn jaoJi u aiaq.u sjkbo auiim U tdooxa 'suonoajip piuud in MHAi ojuciuojob ut loup-poiu eajqi a'ui 9ai3 o t' nid a'k 3uii jjoj-iq pusq iq no aedioa o.Bq 01 tun aq 'A'vp Aja.-.a qno apj jo iba 01 ?uai?ed aqi namApB uoqi pan hiboms qra jo iioo 'proo joj qu3KUd oq.i uui.,fiA-qd alj.i, "3aj aqi op uim aatnini paq-.-iii!uio,- siq t. -pajinbl sf TBqi V- U op hi. Xaqt nuoitoajip Xui mtA JUCTU09 13JJW m psn aj Aim jaq. 'reqi 'oni TinniB JMiIl qua p-nuiEnbis iquncuoqi w I annnoaq -naui.1 !P-ia juin jijjEd asaqi puainuiooaj j Tipuiq f o oi pun SillM aiiBjpunre s..iuaqss pu'Duoj a i.ii.iK aiu.waiuomin.is,i(OT.jqjs-j.-iooisiKUiAioii''A'tiqaii ooa3 'pajwjjs oj t3um aton. mcwjsd ot aii.ipii jfiv ajti3 jo adciq jpl puoi -aq paroasip aj sSotit aqi man 'nun qiu pun jaqioui: -If.l uoilBpunijj aqi s vul S i iu.iq pus : 11 Ol u..iujib ou cil fjq.r, A!!p Avaj u; jjojooav a.vaiaqoj qsnou minnaj3 3jb iaqi qTlAv -pjoo ani-I uijai a'jiu mn UKBjAaqi :jou iuv ,nq j -ay 'lod-nnun 'jsaoj jji -JU.W jnoqB ajc X.iqj -b spp..i qgajj auinBJ ol pjtSoj u pa -ULiBiBAiisna kb aJa.nKaAiid:u:iKuo3ji pjabs aq piTio...y'i jo a.lBiuaajod isba iq -aJiiii easnajo eimir'notfi AU-.ni ajB ajatn IIIW ! ,f!3"J OS l iBA-ud jou aop n .:inu alPP!lt aqi U .assasip ujj.i eiqi jo aip UMrrer.dol aqi jo i.sai in pjiqi-.uo 'puijiau-i av-iv; v 'puuq J in, oqi no UBdaiaiiinoaaqi m aaoqi A'nBiaI 'uoiidmn -una jo aip XISJBJ spu. f jo sjaiibu ll:q jki p.iq.iii(viM -If-'M b i i -s.ipniiii:! UJoquou aioui ueqi Biiquq nn n 8.np.ud 01 a(i ajoai l i):5mia aqi joj :siM a-'i-.-, -ireji; d.ijauoiiojj auisn s; A-KjAi,Aa A-;jeau tpnoi j t: ' utn pioab ioa i--.op aq n aip j.i.f run ..'vut.l ascjr-ui pui: -.-iuo i. paancos 'dnj.-:s muuuiin.i v.iu.iqav! .. j'n s.,'-. -ticstibituiB jffim u-jvl y 'p;.o hhjbi opje)--!!'' noiiniaA'taaiu-iq pun : i;im.-.i ;i iiin pumsjapun i.j su PWa tq Nwe.n --uni j. rtnl iq:t a-ja an., -uij a-iisujixa os o.itj.nuii y -,.ai b nuiid pajra: . SA3 a-iBiSAB uo u:i piuiinvvi ..nr aut-i aj.iq.u -luj aja.i BfqdapBirTI-f pua -autUTiina -uoiwir 'ijni i. U! AiiBuo88ajoJd wi;.n i (,(, m jouJ kjb.ia' uaauif j., j p-':.iU)tu;-..Mi .-C;i!-aujBa imod lu.iir.infl OJUITI piBST!10iBSaiina,oHAl asoqi JO 'jiiq lipiii.aji, 'lT:;.-ni 'lo-s,,AVo.( p.i.-iupjop 'ipuiu.i p ilApioslp -ja-1 Pi u "i B illi -A "l'l"uJiaJBoqM.-)qiiaju.. ni'paiuru Al!q I va;i!K j'H jo jaqio a'ub J'uul;8 j.) ,ai:Ano!.--i:. p'!i; s;.u:av jra rn;T:i:AAj.1 jo u.7caj ain o jno 'aieic aqi i.iui o.p !!.,. i,x ! u-HAi-vJia ajoi-uani :.,.;., .i;P 01 up-iua oq -.ptoj iu .iiIwjj oi jl wunqia.CKj, UUilud ATl'.lUinsUO.-l JJ dJ.lllAi -l-JlIl-AIM Ql V 61 ) pu :.l.!tliVaoJlI!.)l UA -'I V SI ai.iqi OJ.iqnUBq' . .. '--. -l . I .1 1 .'U-njty li.'ll -.1!"1J1U -abs joj su bbh-ij ajv' -ja;iUAi uj ea.ii'i oin-.tio3 oi pai u-iui -iu-.r,aj.'..iB aq ubj b;iuo sutd buouba uisi...-id J..qi.i iuci pi';j 'aao- uw.'.; 'c-'U-iqiij 'aiUttix!.siir ' I J'iit! s-.uto o ;i ti 3 ihib q y m a-m.aui ITIV'-t Hliji A-,t, -j aqi iqi n.,i 'pus '..in., Mo ,o'ujni.,j B B-lso-p-ji ii sb'ujis p.n.3 b wr irqun, :,-Aiuii IB UIB'-l -um.-i su-!iBd ruo 'a-wiaq aq iqsnn psj.i i u t-,.m iu'i Waqi PI-,; aBi i-j aqis-(Xiui! i.otuiB B-ji.jjs ll ptii: 'ajVi jo J..AU ui.ui eajiui ovil t ii :.JiriAi:o(i.-.jj i aauajai-mj pappap v a vis piiinqi j -oiaqi picao aa adisuT puB oniAiir-nJi -ui.-itjq pus Ajn jib ai;l iib ojaj ti OIr.lBJ.)d'JI.-.l ,-iqi SB lilUBlB.I J..4Jil pno T n.vnji luiod Btw-'A;-: em (Laopj-'iy i-'jiia po-runq a -las aja.a 'saTi-Diiira Am pu-.: oinuiia Aqi jn aiihu!-- r:u -IBAq aui J.'pun -iiija inq -p.i-t: -m a'U)t:.i u..,-; p.:.i -rj-r., ajaq) suosjad ibj. a s mi j j .iorA, llv, j iq aJaqi il s-l (.i..q r, y ,in;:io..j ui.-i'i t':M "5 -sopni'ii:i uaqunu u -u ui : -u,. ' -vijiiA q.us ui i..i i.-u ju: -jui-i.-.u si . i.;i:i. . ,iti. a-.n; av vi.n-.: d;;i ii; u.-a. p u L-;.i-o( si -i - A Ui -jnil Sliyi li: ...Tiuoa siqi no sa.;;.! jib .i i-.,j ,(T-(1 '.,u-. :iqoD,-.U!-iJi p-OAB oi lOKltl squoj i-.i :rjj..'.u;i so:u p::B .-qi, -v.-'-iupuiios Aqiju-iq i-i s.-jri p...;:..,. n JO aXA pq .Ci jiuatoi b ojo:..-.j oi p.Ar..111'! .--q oi ::;-ni. IBqi asjn.-a .--ri a'kivi pntn-J onn J iitiii t.-.-m -n -rvii-ir -aoa puB s;fr-BA-.ip r.ur.T jo Aoni am oi ifonu-in:: pui: aoq n aui p.;o.-.-.p sjb.ja' .iAy-.ii.rMi ib( r-ii u -j -jmav' "jzxxui xi vanioii a. no ox -V "Vjilsin1lo iiooli. THE HEW YORK OSSE&YER YEAI. BOOK ALMANAC, To UK IsslT.ll -lAXl AitY 1st, IsTl. iiio ofih" m-i or .:;iifto (t.iii;-!iil- of iniporunl In f.'rmr.tion whi;-it h.-i- .-vor Ui-n eoi.ii.ilisl in this cuuuiry. It !ouh I1 hi i v.ti l-.hnin-. a.-i a li-Mik of n-foronof. It i-.ili tni us Hn inl..nfii... l.il.i.rv it A Im-iTin-e r-iT-il Couinii-roi;il. an.i A-rioultun-I lnfonntion conoeminp nil tho O.ovon)rn.m-. in tho w ..r!,I : a jr-nem! summar- ofall tht- liom-volent Institutions and roli-rimis donominationi iu tin- wrM with a oomi.l.-t,. Ministerial Hirectorv of noany evi-rv r.-l!iri,.u Iy in the t'niusl States, a eom-ili-to list i.r al! tho i-olloos. tlieolopJ 8,-minanea, mpd ivai ami law schools m the L niletl States. Price, OM-: DOLLAlt. A!l lilTsOT'S snltsrrlh-M- ..ll.l ,i..vin.r f. ,1. X"..-- A". .-I Olw-rn-r for out' yoar ,t. will rowive a ,v of this vahialilo work UKATt'lTOUSLV. Sanijik- copies of th. OlirtA-rA or sent froe. SIINF.Y E. Mi IPSE. Jk. CO. ST Park How. Now York. Mailhd to any aiUiifs. fust-paul, on mvipt of price. A GREAT MEDICAL DISCOVERY Dr. WALKER S CALIFORNIA VINEGAR BITTERS Eundreds of Thousands . Bear teatimony to their Wonder- " ST f ul Cunitive Effacl. f r 4 WHAT ARE THEY? 1 1 The sul.M-ril.-r will sell m pvlilie anetion. at his l"m'e '" 'ifensl-oro riilaffe. at 10 oVIik-k P. M.. on TI EMIAY, IK -K.1IHEK 'iO, Isyo. tin- Mhminir artieles of piTMinal pr.,.ertv. viz: I inlu al,!,. uiare, I) Tears old. 1 yearling coll. i g..l eows. 1 extra fteerealf. several tons of hav. 7.-. liusheK oats aU.ut li. liushe!, of wheat, .Vi to T.i liu-hels iHitat-s. 1 "!"!!" U'owiiifmaehiiie. 1 farm n-atun. 1 tn!-v wai.' mi. 1 fcii 1 pair work hhmei,s.-s, 1 caniaae- liaruesa. totfi-tlior wuh plows, harrows, eliains. forks, hoes. Also dairy t..l churns, pans, butter-lnke. and various utticles of honsehold funiiture t.s.numeroustinienii..n n. m!fle horse Uvi. Terms !,. r notes pava-oi.- in ix nioiitli.s. 1 - HKNJ. C'OMINl.s. B. t-. Wii.sox, Ai:.-liont or. .reeuslxini, 1(V. 1. 1sT..i. A Cough, Cold or Sore Throat TUMjiiiros imniotJinte attention, a tiiy lect nfffii risult-s in an incui:tMe lung BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TSECHiS v. ill most invariatilv eive instant relief For Bronchitis, Asthma. Catarrh, ( on siimitive and Throat Wsvaivs. they l'.ave a siiothmj: effect. SIMiKRS and TIKLIC SPEAKKUS use them to clear end strengthen t!ie voice. Oivinis'to the good reputation anil iH.uiarity of the Troches, many worthless and cheap imitations are or fered which are roo,l f.,r nothiiig. sure to oct vix the tme buovn nuiixcniAi. thoc ih-m. SOLD KVEGY WHERE. ORLEANS CO. MAR3LE W0SX3 AT- 1S:i:-oii, VoriiioiK. is. s .f - a- sib 551 r- e 5:S 3 5ft S a p s o s Z. ..V '.i E e -a . A T 3 B 1 P - 9 s 5T S-3 2. 3! 3 S lhave just returned from the yUABRIKS Of VEH i !"JT with ne,t" lot "f th" ,,est self-tod stock of mar tie that ever came into this countv. All those within 2.i miles of this pli, w. !to"w ish to ht;y i 1-SI VCKtOlll'K, 3IoiUI1UOlU tc will do well to call at my shop mid - for them selves. I do not say tint I can sell cheaper than nv- iKMiv else in this stufe. Hut I can ell i..u ... ..1 V.. !- s , eerto. All my work is warranted. Please irivc nie a ealL Carton, Oeceni'oer 12. 1S70. ' J Eeceipts foi the Standard ' VOn THK WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 12. ls;. r Mow-rey. Burke, A Porter, Ilanlwh-k. N" Field, KelloK, J ! Buth-r, Craftisbmy. H Twomhlv. Mortcon T Drew. Barvoii. I K Drew, Wm. Frasier. OInver, S IVwInt A N Mason, Allanv. DR(k)hl), R Gray. Lyndon. Benj. Comings, Grcensluro, is-Ti -MlO e.34 I'.OO l.'JO 2.l) ;.' I'.iX) -.iri 2.00 . 2.00 2.00 2.00 3IAJ8Itirci. : - TIIK CiriL HERVICE. ' slwayS fatoriug practical" reforms I resDeetfu v mil I iT, J J1 o-i.wrui.iuu 10 one abase of long standing which I would At East Alhatiy, December 1st, in- Kev J n Tor v, nyitev. 1. H. kenaston. of sn-racuse x v t ti s.n NEW FURNITURE & CARPETS. T. JK. yv I i KLL, ,Be.nS,r,t.irtUrn,ra m1A"t "1th g(XMi '- f Beauuful Incrarn Ta(.try Carpet at $l.w per yani. GOOD Ail W001, TWO PIT AT $1.00. Hemi. Irish Broswls and plain ml chockml Straw proportionally Urn. WALL PAPER, CLOTH CURTAINS. r I K 'riirr ars ;:ot a xiia-. H FANCY DRINK, f tstlo cf Por Rnw, Whisky, Proof Spirit, nnd Refuse Liquors doctored, spiced and aweet cned to please the tane, called Tome..- " Appetizers,- Restorers." Ac, that lead the tippler on u drunkenness and ruin, but are a true Medicine, made from the Native Roots and Ilerbsof California, free from all Alcoholic stimulants. Theyaretho CJKEAT 1.00I ri RIFlEtt nnd A LIFE- ." I V 1 X G P K I X C I P LE, a perfect Renovator and Invifconitor of tlio system, carrying off all poisonous matter and restoring tho blood to a healthy condi tion. ;,i person can take these Bitters according to d irectioa and remain long unwell, provided the bones ore not destroyed by mineral poison or other means, and the vita! organs Vastcd beyond tho point of repair. For Inflammatory and Chronic Rheuma tism nnd floct. Dyspepsia, r Indigestion, I) i 1 1 0 11 H. Rpmitii.nl n r. .1 lnAwn..M vrr, Disense ofthe Dlood, Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, these Bittern have been most suc cessful. Such Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood, which Is generally produced by derangement cf tho Digestive Oreans. DYSPEPSIA OR INDIGESTION, Head ache, Pain tn the ShouldcrsX'oughs, Tightness of the Chest, Dizziness, Soar Eructations of the Stomach, Bad taste in the Month. Rlllona Attacks, Palpitation of the Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs. Pain In loo regions of the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful symptoms, are tho offspring of Dyspepsia. They invigorate the stomach and stimulate the tor pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequal ed efficacy in cleansing the blood of all Impurities and imparting new life and vigor to the whole system. FOR (SKIX DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter. Salt Rheum, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils Carbuncles. Ring-Worms, Scald Head, Sore Eyes, Erysipelas, Itch, Scurfs, Diseoiorations of the Skin. H umors and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name' or nature, are literally dug up and carried out of the system In a short time by the use of these Bitters. One Bottle In such cases will convince the most tn credulous of their curative effect. Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon find its impurities bursting through the skin In Pimples. Eruptions or sores; cleanse It when yon find Itob structed and sluggish in the veins, cleanse it when " it is f onl, and yonr feelings will tell yon when. Keep the blood pure, and the health of the system will follow. FIX, TAPE and other WORMS, lurking in the system of so many thousands, are effectually destroy ed and removed. For full directions, read carefully 1 he circular around each bottle; printed in four languages- English, (iennan, French and Spanish. J . WALKER, Proprietor. R. II. MrDONALD k CO..' Druggists and General Agents, San Francisca. C!.! and 32 and 31 Commerce Street, New-York. BV ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS. , E. G. STEVENS, Practical Dentist, WBJ be at COV1INTHY On the FIRST and SECOX0 MONDAYS of each month, and " i on Uie TIIIUI and FOIUTII MONDAYS iwi.v to do any work In bis profession in a thorough and taaty m.nn.. Call aiid UV Ulfll-lua (.fhifl mirb 4fl. Wanted. liooa i -uni runr iiorao ream- the ht'-un Mill at South Martun. lmiuireof the ageatat - "" o 1. I S ( J. 1U, ATJU. , U.