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Orleans independent standard. [volume] (Irasburgh, Vt.) 1856-1871, December 13, 1870, Image 2

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VOLUME 15.
The Standard.
A. A. EAKLE, Ediloi.
' ' ' 'i 1 ' A; r ' "' "" ' 1.,,, V .... i ' .. " ' g '
Barton, Tuesday, Dec. 13, 1870.
The President's Message.
The president's message, the more iui
m portant parts of which wc publish this
week, will fce read with that interest (hie
a document coming from so h.rli n source
and touching as it des ujxm many tpics
f absorbing interest 'to the people. The
previous utterances of (Jen. ('rant, writ
ten or spoken, have always lieen marked
by directness, clearness and force. Thi
message is no exception to the rule, but
rather a magnifying of thoe qualities as
excellent as they are rare. No one ari
sing from its perusal will 1 mystified by
obscure sentences, or studied attempts at
the concealment of ideas. So far as we
hear any expression of opiniou of itsmer
it., it is one of high commendation, un
less we except the sensational Sun, which
at no time of day sheds its friendly rays
upon its author, and decent treatment
from that .juarter was hardly to be ex
pected. For one we do not endorse the
message in its entirety, though we con
fess the president in every ease gives a p.
yarcntly good reasons fur the faith that is
in him. The quality of the arguments,
of course, will dccnd upon the stand
point from whence one views them. One
may build an imping structure upon a
slippery foundation, but that being un
tenable the edifice is worthier, like "the
house that was huilded upon the sand."
r,. , i . 11 . , .
cAmiiiie: uie president it earnest
that congress should take measures f.,r
the immediate purchase of the Island of
San Domingo and pass resolutions of an
nexation : pleading with great wan.-.th.
To one who thinks exactly as he docs hi.
reasons must appear to le conclusive and
convincing. We believe in his arguments,
but have small faith in his theory of an
nexation. We are opposed on principle to
all schemes of territorial aggrandizement
beyond the solid confines of din- own con
tinent; no further north than the Pole,
and no further south than the isthmus of
Darien. Kvcn in this confined area we
have a sufficiently diversiiied soil, climate,
1-eople and natural productions to call
forth our every talent, without exploring
the ocean for other acquisitions. e ,m,
cont.Mit with our present empire: or at
least shall re 'ommend our countrymen to
oc satisfied until we are iu a better con
dition to pay for more. Let Us plow, till,
cultivate and subdue all the soil in North
America, before we search for the gems
of the tropics and invite them to our sis
terhood of nationalities. The opportuni
ty to co.uet with them will not 1 want
ing then,' we imagine. Annex San Do
mingo, and what then? Hay ti. Cuba,
Jamaica and the Bahamas may seek the
protection of our flag; or we mav seek
them, as we now do San Domingo. With
all these in our I'nion. other islands may
be found necessary to our national pros
perity, or to Miggest the bug'ooar of a fu
ture foreign war. We condemn the pol-I'-y.
Surely we have land enough iu our
broad west to tax our energies to culti
vate, to explore, and through which to
weave a net-work of railroads, for one
century at least, without entering upon
the hazardous job of att:ic-iiir r our
selves a colony of greasy Spaniards and
dirty half breeds. 1 the soil they inhabit
ever so bountiful or the air thev breathe
laden with the perfume of vast gardens
let itsi; content with what
' Knough is as good as a feast,"
of rose
we have
says the proverb, and the maxim will
hold good in the affairs of nations as well
as of individuals. Would it not lie wise
to develop our mines, civilize, christian
izo, educate and weld together our many
incongruous social and political elements.
before attempting that feat iu the island
of San Domingo? "One- should ! just
oeloro being generous. We fear the
president is a little 1'topian. and that hi
"glittering generalities" will not con
dense to solid facts. As all is not gold
that glitters," we are constrained to op
pose his San Dojningo singulation. We
have enough territory now; nay. too
much.
With reference to our claims airaiiist
Kngland in the Alabama matter, the pre
sidetit is tame, offensively so, when the
justice of these claims is considered. He
only "regrets to say that, no conclusion
has been reached," when he should have
said he was "ashamed to say lw, conclu
sion hail been reached." He adds, -the
cabinet of lndou does not appear to lie
willing to concede that her majesty's gov
ernment was guilty of negligence, or did
,it i...n.,,..i - i i .
-I i'v.1 lumen uuy act miring the war. i v
.v. t-i .... i
nnn.li me i uupj .states iiasajust . ..a.-e
of complaint." This virtually is a refu
sal to pay ; nothing less than that. Now
if we have just claims against Kngland
for her perfidious course towards us du
ring the war. it is time they were put in
train of payment, and if we have no
claims it is time our pretensions were
withdrawn. We want no' money that is
not honestly ours. We should surrender
none that is ours. It has been nearly six
years since the closo of the war. During
all this time these claims have been in
chancery, still they verge no nearer set
tlement than when the case was first call-
I If. s.. . . .
ci. n the J.ritish government will not
acknowledge their justice, make it at
i ii .,
Knowledge them, and pay them, too, or
ourselves own that we were wron and
cat a piece of that same large humble
pic we so greedily devoured when offered
us by that power in the demand for the
surrender of Mason and Slidell under the
lying pretext of yielding to theneeessi
ties of international law. Three' foreign
ministers Adams, Johm.on and Motlev
have severally had the handling of
these claims ; neither of whom have ad
vanced farther than to be punctiliously
dined, wined, feted and toasted, all the
proceeding leing si,iccfl with the hollow
refrain of that " friendly feeling now and
for a long period existing between the
two nations of the same blood and shak
ing the same language," and of "a set
tlement consistent with the honor and
dignity of the two nation," which our
president has heard so many times that
the language, has become lto a part of his
hciug as to be incorporated into this his
cond annual message, apparently with
the idea that the language wa original
with himself. We do not advocate a war
f-r the collection of these claims. War
i the first resort of fools and the last nr..
Iea! of wise men. , But we would adjust
them peacefully if we could, forcibly if
c, must," or back down. We would
have a jolicy there was no mistaking.
The Canadian fisheries question nnd the
free navigation of the St. Lawrence claims
a fair share cf the president's attention,
who says an unfriendly feeling is harbor
ed by the Canadian outhorities, which is
exhibited by them in jietty acts of hos
tility ; he asks congress to authorize him
j to stop goods in transit "across our terri
j tory destined for the New Dominion, in
1'iuLoic i: coiiiiuueu. iuis is
a menace. ' It looks like coercing a pow.
er that Is took weak to resist us. Why
not spunk up to Kngland as well?
Mark Twain's ' Innocent's Abroad.
It is seldom that a book has ajijieared
which so well combiner instruction and
amusement, yet is not silly, aud gives the
reader an ever increasing interest in it
pages, and one that he can take up at
any hour, finding new ideas each time, as
this book bv America's cr-p.-it l,iiiim,-i-t
- e .
Such a work we !elievc the above to le.
Our readers have all heard of it We
have frequently made mention of and ad
vertised it in our columns; but as no
agent has apjieiired in the vicinity, it is
prohable that but few have seen it. . This
is a book for everybody. The grave and
the gay iu it have a companion when de
prived of those, that can converse with
eye and tongue. The universal commen
dation which this book receives from all
classes of eople, is a sufficient voucher
for all we have said. Than the author
of this book no writer in the country is
more popular? Who has not read his
witty, humorous satin!?, inlaid ns t!,,,.
always are with flashes of sense rarely to
be met with ? Who ha, not admired his
elegant language and rare jiowers of des
cription ? It gives information of the
Holy Laud not found in many hooks de
voted to its description aud history ; in
formation, too, that is worthy of lieing
laid up in the storehouse of meinorv.
Now that France is lieing rent in pie-'
ces by the cruel war that is r;iiriur upon
her soil, aiid we are daily expecting to
hear ot the tall of its gay capital, his
description of that country becomes dou
bly interesting. ( 'oniniencing with Spain
aud l rance. the party of which he was
one went through Kuroe. Turkey, l.gvpt.
I ale.stme aud into iUissia. in the jour
ney you seem to Ik? with him all the time,
and we have in one exceedin-lv lumd
some octavo of ir.O well illustrated pa
ges. the result of their observations and
experiences during a period of" six mouths.
v e give a description of M ilan cathedral.
toe most wonderful in F.urope:
". t like to revel in the m..i-,;i
of the great cathedral. Thc'buildiii" is
hve hundred feet long by one hundred
ami eighty wide, and the principal stce
pic is m the neighborhood of four hun
dred feet high. It ha- 7,1 s marble
statues, aud will have upward of :U)(t)
more wheu it is finished. In addition it
lias one thousand five hundred bas-reliefs
It has one hundred and thirtv sk-
twenty one more are to be added.
i-.adi spire is surmounted by a statue six
and a halt teet hi-'h. F.verv thiiif ahont
the church is marble, aud all from the
same quarry ; it was bequeathed t the
Archbishopric for this purpose centuries
.io. .so nothing nut the mere workman
ship costs; still th.it i ovi,.;,- !,
1 ... H--1 t7 IHU
mil toots up six hundred and ei"htv four
uumou, oi irancs. thus tar .,., , ,ir-. .l.-
over a hundred millions of dollars.) anil
it is estimated that it will fr.ke one hun
dred and swenty year, vet to finish the
cathedral. It looks complete, but is far
ii''iu oeing so. u e saw a new statue nut
in its niche vesterd.n- ;il,mr.;,ln ..e
which had been standing these four hun
dred years, they said. There are four
staircases leadina1 on to tlm tii;h ,.,.i
each ot which cost a hundred thousand
dollars, with the four hundred and eieht
statues which adorn them. AIo '..',
piono was the architect who designed the
wonderful structure more than five hun
dred years ago. and it took him fortv six
) ears to worK out the plan and get it
ready to hand over to the builders. He
is dead now. 1 he building was bpuii a
little less than five hundred years ago,
and the third generation hence will not
see it completed.
The building hiks liest by moonliirht,
lecause the older portions of it being
stained with age, contrast unpleasantly
with the newer and winter portions, ft
seems somewhat too broad for its heb'ht.
but mayjie familiarity with it might dis
sipate this impression.
They say that the Cathedral of Aiilan
is second onlv to St. I Vter's !)t t?oT., I
can not understand how it can be second
to anything made by human hands.
Ne bid it ''(Hsl-bve. now nnssiMv f..
all time. How surelv. Ill viilno f'i,rii,.A
nv, when the memorv of it J, .ill
lost its vividness, shall
we have seen it iu a wonderful dream,
but never with waking eyes !"
Here is his account of his first exueri
1
ence in a liarter 5 shop iu Paris ;
I said L Wanted to be shaved 'I I. n
liaroer inquired where my room was. J
said, never mind where mv nil on -., T
wanted to be shaved there, on the spot
i ne doctor said lie would he Mm -i in
1 lien there was an evi.;trm.i.ii ..,.,..
.......hivih UUIMtli;
thoe two barlnrs Tl.prr. w.u
----- - - M l- liU.
consultation, and afterwards a hurrvin"
1 r . i f ... t
i .inn no aim a ievensii gathering up of
u.oisiroiu on,cure places aud a ransack.
ing for soap. Next they took us into a
little mean, shabby back room: they "-ot
two ordinary sitting-room chairs and
placed us in them, with our coats on
Jly old, old dream of bliss vanished into
thin air '
I sat bolt upright, silent, sad. u.ul ,,1
emu. One of the wig making villains
lamereii my i ace tor ten terrible minutes
and finished bv plasterini? suds into mv
mouth. I expelled the uastv stuff ivifli a
strong r.ngusn expletive and s:nd V,r
eigner, beware!" Then this outlaw stivin
ped his razor on his boot, hovered over
me ominously tor six leartul secom , ami
then swooped dowu over me like the gen
ins of destruction. The first fake of his
razor loosened the very hide from mv
ously, we are not sure but Gen. Grant is
about half right in his wish" to acquire
San Domingo. Another fact we leant
from the message which we did not know
before. We had supposed government
gave an unbroken belt of land on each
side of the track, thus giving the various
coqKiratimis a complete monopoly of that
narrow territory (not so very narrow, ei
ther) through which the roads run. This
is not the case. Government reserves
each alternate section, which it sells at
double rates, (2,50) the common price
being cl By this means it develops
our western wilds in a day which without
such action, would lay desolate for years,
losing nothing itself, as the land brings
a higher price nnd a readier sale. This
Knowledge tietter reconciles us to what
has often heretofore lieen called " its
wasteful extravagance" in the matter of
its enormous laud grants. But we que:
tion the necessity or propriety of being
juite so pnwligal of the public domain.
VkrmoxtParmkr. We make our best
bow to this spirited and handsome little
sheet, just started at Newport,' Royal
ummiugs proprietor, and under the ed
ltonal management of Dr. T. H. Hoskins.
Both tltese gentlemen were formerly con
nected with the repress, which, in our
view, never was better than when they
nad to (to with it. We do not know
when we have seen a more attractive sheet
or one tht starts off with more vigor
than -it does. Condensation, not expan
sion, is its, motto. All know Dr. Hoskins
to lie a racy, vigorous and trenchant wri
ter. who understands both the theory and
the practice of projier fanning. So high
ly is his ability esteemed abroad that he
has lieen offered a salary of ??i'u( u to re
move to Maine and take charge of one of
its leading agricultural papers. We hope
the Vermont Fanner will receive that de
gree of patronage the initial minilier
sllOWS it to o rii-hlv nmrit ..r.,1 ,.
.....v, . 1 1 1 . c ait-
coiiudent it will receive it. as the propri
etor informs us he has pledges in advance
from many of the most influential farmers
in the county, to aid itt Toth by purseand
pen. Vermont till now has had no pure
ly agricultural journal of its own. This
has not, perhaps, arisen so much from an
unwillingness on its part to support one.
as for the want of a publisher euteprising
enough to make the venture. This risk.
happily for this part of the state, is now
taken. The disposition to patronize the
paper should not be wanting. Mr. Cum-
linngs t.ffers to club it with other paper
at a fair rate, and if we can make a bar
gain that we can live bv. shall offer it to
our subscriWs fr the comiii" year.
The price of the Fanner is one dollar a
year, invariably in advance. Specimen
numbers are sent free to everybody, this
week.
M t sK a i,. The Lamoille Valley Cen
tral Musical Association, hold a grand
musical festival at MoM-isville, Dec. JO
I'l. 22 and 2:.J, under the conduct of 1'i of.
O. Terkins of IWon. There will he
a happy time down there, we know.
roiks leel better when they are miserable
in Lamoille county, than they do in mo,t
places when they are happy.
Tiik HorsKHoi.t). Send in your or
der between this and the first of Janua
ry, for the Household, the universal fa
vorite of the ladies. Send S2.o0. Or
ders ought to fe in bv Dee. 2".th. to in
sure getting the .January number.' as the
orders for it are enormous. It has added
.'So.nou to its list the last ve;rr.
children of the men who murdereJ ,the
old prophets were answerable for all the
blood shed, from that of righteous Abel
to that of Zacharias, what is thq relation
of the Masons of the present day to the
men who sunk Morgan in the Niagara ?
Xor do we' wonder they 'shun discussions
when they themselves are bound under
such horrible penalties not to reveal the
tecret (?) mysteries of their system. "I
do not suppose that all Masons are vil
lains, nor do I cherish persoual ill-will
towards any one on account of the lateJ
attair ; but 1 believe the nature and ten
dency of Masonry is pernicious, as it af
fects individuals connected with it ami
community at large. I would therefore
warn all, young men especially, against a
leap in the dark. Masons aud others ar
gue there can 1 no hann in Masonry or
such and such good men would not pat
ronize it. But good men are but men,
and liable to be deceived, and wheu once
initiated I believe they occupy about the
worst possible position to judge correctly
of its character. Yet many do condemn
it and withdraw silently from it.
nut my yam is becoming mine too
long. A little candid inquiry resjiecting
il I v -
tne nature and tendency ot secret socie
ties will do no harm.
B. Comings.
Greensboro, Dec. 7. 170.
The President's Message.
i hi: W ak. War news is dull, contra
dictory and worthless. The French are
going up soon.
A. Good-Bye.
face and lifted me out of mv ,A.,;r
stormed aud raved, and the other boys en
joyed it. lheir beards are not strong
and thick. Let us draw the curtain over
this harrowing scene. Suffice it that I
submitted, and went through with the
111111 "luiciion ot a shave by a French
barber ; tears of exquisite agony coursed
down my cheeks, now and "then, but I
survived. Then the incipient assassin
held a basin of water under my chin and
slopped its contents over my face, and in
to my bosom, and down the back of my
neck, with a mean pretense of washing
away the soap and blood. He dried my
features with a towel, and was' going to
comb my hair; but I asked to be excus
ed. 1 said, with withering irony, that it
was ttufucieut to be skinued I declined
to be scalped."
LAUsdi Kinpnkss. We have long
been aware of the immense laud grants
made by government in aid of western
canal and railroad enterprises. We knew
they were enormous ; but not until we
had read the president's message, did we
have any just conception of their magni
tude. J hat document informs us that
during the past year over 278.000.0(h)
of acres were conveyed for these purpo
ses, and that 174,000,000 more are still
due. Tli is makes an aggregate of over
400,01 Hi.OOO of acres given in further
ance of internal improvements. At this
rate of Christian benevolence, about how
long will the public lands last? Scri-
-JV. JXito,-:X you pennit me
through your columns to address a few
words to the people of Orleans County ?
Having been a resident of this county for
over thirty years, and now aliout to re
move from the county and state. I desire
to expre-s my gratitude for the .numer
ous tokens of kindness and confidence 1
have received from them, and especiallv
from the numerous individuals from all
parts of the countv with whom, d urine
. t
these many years. I haw hmn i,,,,,!.
in more immediate contact, in the labors
and efforts to promote social and politic
al reforms and not forgetting the more
intimate relations of christian fellowship
J n taking final leave of my resident
friends in this manner, words fail to ex
press the emotions that till my heart and
J will only say that wherever my lot mav
be cast, my prayer to God shall ever lie
tor blessings on the people of Vermont
and especially of Orleans county.
Aud nvw I wish to say a few words in
relation to the recent charge brought
against me. of violating the I. S. Beve
iiue laws, by peddling without license,
lest some, through misapprehension.
might think my christian character tar
nished by this transaction. The facts
have Jeen correctly presented to the pub
lic in the Standard already. T need not
repeat them. I wish to sav here that I
did not at the time suppose i was violat
ing any law, human or Divine. Xor am
I yet convinced that I have, though a de
cision it seems Has been made, (by what
court or authority I am unable to sav)
that selling books frolu house to house.
by subscription or otherwise, is within
the meaning of the law, yet I am well
assured also that in some parts of the
county men have been arrested on the
same charge, and dismissed on the ground
that selling books by subscription, or
other goods by sample as sewing ma
chines, musical instruments or anv kind
of goods where orders were taken and the
goods delivered at another time, is not
peddling, and requires no law. As I am
now under bonds to take my trial, it is
probable that this question will be set-
ticu, and so some good anse trom the evil
intent doubtless at the bottom of this
petty affair. Now though this be a pet
ty affafr and of trivial consequence, I de
sire to say there is a cause lying back of
it of more consequence to the welfare of
community. Free Masonry was unques
tionably the instigator in this case. Aud
now let me ask, are free Americans to be
dragooned into silence lest they offend
the devotees of this midnight cabal '?
W hence is Masonry ? from heaven or of
men? "What if we should inquire into
the violations of Uiw practiced in the
lodges.. in relation to unlawful oaths?
See Oneral Statutes, page 6S;l, Sec, 19,
20, 21. It is not to be wondered at Ma
sons should be sensitive and unwilling
their history should be known ; the rec-:
ord is not one to be proud of. Nor should
we wonder that they fear and tremble at
mention of the name of Morgan. If the
Fellow Citizms of the Senate and nf the
House of f,epreseiitiitir"!i:
A year of pe:iee and ireneral ni-osnm-irv
to this nation has nassed sine tho 1-i.t
assembling of Coughs. "We have, thro'
a kind B rovideuce, been blessed with
abundaut crops and have been' spared
from complications and war with foreign
nations. In our midst nmmarativo l.---
luony has been restored. It is to lie re
gretted, however, that the free exercise of
the elective frauchise has. by violence and
intimidation, been denied to citizens in
exceptional cases in some of the states
lately in rebellion, and the verdict of the
people has thereby been reversed. The
states of Virginia, Mi.ssissiiii.i and 'IW-w
have been restored to representation in
our national council:., (ieon'ia. the onlv
tatc now without iviovsPntr,t;.,i.
confidently be expected to take her pi t.-e
there also at the beginning of the ucw
year, and then, let us hope, will Sic co-.n-pleted
the work of reconstruction with an
acquiescence on the part of the whole
people iu the national obligation to pay
the public debt created as the price of our
union, the pensions to our disabled sol
diers and sailors and their widows and or
phans, and in the changes to the Cousii
tution which have ltcen made ne?e-s iry hy
a great rebellion,-there is no reason why
we should not advance in our national
prosperity and happiness as no other na
tion ever did after o protracted and do-
asiaung a war.
THE FRENCH KKl'l Kl.lc.
As soon as 1 learned that a Bepuhlic
had been proclaimed at Paris. ud that
the people of France had acquiesced in
the change, the Minister of the T.'uited
States was directed by telegraph to recog
nize it. and to tender my congratulations
and those of the people of the l imed
States. The re-establishment in Frame
of a system of government disconnected
with the dynastic tradition, ,,f Kuivi-e
apjieared to be a possible project for the
felicitations of American',. shnnl.l tl.
present result in a change, to the French,
to our simple tonus of renresPin.-itiv.. o-,,-.-
crninent it will le a subject of still fur
ther satisfaction to our r.eonl,-. Wlolp
we make no effort t i inn-ise our m,firn
tioiis upon the inhabitants of other coun
tries, and while wc adhere to our tradi
tional neutrality in civil contests e!-c-where.
we cannot )w i
spread of American political ideas in a
great and highly civilized country like
France. We were asked bv the new gov
ernment to use our L'ood offices i.iii.rU-
with those of Kuroi-ean powers in the in
terests of peace. The answer was made
that the established policy ami the free
interests of the Fnited !ate, forbade
them to interfere in Kuroi.-m ,,o,t;..,w
jointly with Furojican powers.
I ascertained mtonuallv and unofiicial-
ly that the government of North dennanv
ui.i iiu-o uispoaeu to iisteu to anv
men representations from the other Kuro
pean powers, and wishimr to ,op tl.'o M...
sings of peace restored to the beligereuts
with all of whom the Fnited States are
on tenns of friendship. I declined on the
r i.:.. . .
..unvi im, ocillUieii' to T:l : ;l s'fn
...l : i . i i i . . . . 1
iiicu would on V resu t in i;nnrv t..
true interest,, witnout advancing the oh
ject for which our intervention was in
yoked. Should the time come when the
action of the Fnited States cau hasten
the return of peace by a single hour, that
icuou win ne heartily taken.
I .lnl I . rt
-.uriura ii jiiuueui, in view ot the
number of persons of German ami French
birth living in the lTnitd Stit t ;
soon after official notice of a state of war-
had been recer-ed from Wli ho;,-.-.,,
a proclamation, defining the duties of the
i niieo Mates as a neutral, and the obli
gatious of persons residing within their
territory to observe their laws and the
laws of nations. This proclamation was-
ionoweu ry others as circumstances seem
ed to call for them. The opoi.1 tl.iu ..
quainted, in advance of their ,loto, ....i
obligations, have assisted in preventing
violations or tne neutrality of the l uited
cnaies.
CUBAN AFFAIRS.
ii- ; .....i.. . i it. l ii -
l " "o'u isioou mat tue condition of
the insurrection iu Cuba has mnformllv
t.vr.. ..: i. . i , .'i , . .
niaiigir.i since me ciose oi tne last session
ot Congress. In an early stage of the
contest the authorities of Spain inaugur
ated a system of arbitrary rn,t
confinement, and of milit.irv tn'nl 1
eeution of persons susjveted f complicity
iui uie insurgents, aud ot a summary
embargo of their rronerties Hrwl tl,
questration of their revenues by the Ex
ecutive warrant. Such procee'din",. so
far as thev affect the nersons or nr. tv
of citizens of the United States, were in
violation of the provisions of tl
of 170."i between the United States and
Snmn
i
The representations of iniui ics -.Y,nlt
ing to several iiersons claiming to be cit-
i il t - i -i ,
liens oi ine i nited States, by reason of
such violations, were mmlp to thn i.,..
ish government. From April, 1SG9, to
June last the Spanish minister at "Wash
ington had been clothed with a limited
power to aid in redressing such wrongs.
That power was found to ht n-ith,
in view, as I have said, of the favorable
situation in which the Island of Cuba
then was. which, howpwr. did nnt ioi
to a revocation or suspension of the extra
ordinary ana arbitrary functions exercis
ed by the executive power in Cuba, and
we were obliged to make our complaints
at Madrid. In the
opened, and still pending there, the Fnit-
eu nuues ciainwa that tor the tuture, the
right secured to tlipir
should be respected in Cuba, and that, as
to the past, a joint tribunal, should be es
tablished in the United Strifes witJi f,.ll
. . . .. ma
junsdiction of all such claims. Before
sucn an impartial tribunal, each claimant
would be required to prove his case; on
the other hand Spain would be at liberty
to traverse everv material f-mt ami t,.
" " 1 1 1 Lr.
oi Jiplete equity would be done.
SETTLKMKXT Or CLAIMS.
A case which at oim time thr.-, .1
seriously to affect the relations between
the United States mid Snnin tine nlr-oo,!..
--'- . ( . ...... .Ill ' 1
been disposed of in this way. The claim
Of the Col. Llovd Asninxrall for thn ille
gal seizure and detention of that. . vssol
was referred to arbitration by mtvtual
consent, and has resulted in aa award to
the United States, for the owners of -the
same, of $19,702,50 in gold. . Another
and long pending claim of a like nature,
that of the whale ship Canada, has been
disposed of by friendly arbitrament ; dur
ing the niipspiit. T-oni- If ty. i
-J I - J - v nas -1C1C11CU,
by the joint consent of Brazil and the
United States-, tn th ,7;;,, f c: t.i
" f -uvioivu Ul '11 1 1-
ward Thornton, Her Brittannic Majesty's
. . ,, u.,u,luU iiu kiuuijt un
dertook the task of PYaioininw Fhp -oln
mjnous mass of correspondence: and - tes
timony contributed bv th
" "J x. 'j uvyu 11-
mcnts, and awarded to the United States
ice sum oi one hundred thousand and
seven hundred ami frup ,1,11 .i i.:
- - J UV11U19 U1IU llillt?
cents iq gold, which has since been paid
V.. il . T. ' 1 . .
oj. me imperial ixovernment
The-:e recent examples show that the
mode which the United States have pro-
.r, nujusLiug me penuiug
claims is just and feasible, and that it
may te agreed to by either nation with-
out dishonor. T Jc rt v i j ii.i
this moderate demand may be acceded to
uj opam wiunout iurther delay. Should
the pending negotiations 11 11 "filfT4 O till TT
and unexpectedly be without result, it
mwuiuc my umjtocouimunicatethat
" v ""gress and invite its action on
, i. . i - i
me nuojecu
ANNEXATION )F ?AN OOMIXOO.
Duriiig the last session of Congress a
lor iue annexation ot the Kepublie
of San Dtimingo tothe I 'nited States fail
ed to receive tae requisite two-thirds vote
of the Senate. 1 was tJiom.in-i.i-.,
ed then that the best interests of this
country, commercially and materially, de
manded its rafihVat;
umi, uan uiuv
connrnied me in this view. I now firmly
Jjelieye tiat tie moment it is known that
the I niteil Sfcito- In,.. .,:i.. i...
I i; cuuiciy ilOUIKlOIl-
arl M . . ! 1 C
jocci oi accepting as a part of
a free port wi'4 be negotiated for by F:u
In the Bv S:im:in..i luri.
mercial city will spring up, to which we
will be tributary without receiving cor-
icsHiuiiii oeuents.
I'he iverument of San Domingo has
voluntarily sought this annexation. It
IS a Weak tiower. nmnln ..V..l.l.,
less than 1lu,(km souls, and yet possess
ing one of the richest localities under the
sun. and capable of supporting a popula
tion of 10,000,000 of people in luxury.
1 he Peopte (if Sail 1 lommm. ana
ble ot maintaining theiuselves in their
I -resent condition and must hxk for out
side support. They yeani for the protec
tion ofour fleet, institution, ml l9r.
our i-rogress ami civilization. Shall we
refuse them? 'The acnuisiro.n ,.f ,..n
Domingo is desirable becnuso of o-..
graphical position. It commands theen-
ance fd the Carri'tieau Sea and the Isth-
NUMBER 50.
mus. and the transit
possesses the richest
of commerce. It
il. thp Lost m.l
most cai-acious harbor, the mo,t salubri
ous climate and the most v.ilu-ililp t.,.
ducts of the purest miues and soil of auv
..C .1. llr .1 l- t i , . . -
oi uie "CI nulla 1, am s t, tita. ..
by ii- will iii a few years build up a
coastwise commerce of immense inn. mi.
tude which will ro far towards restoring
toils th.o-e ar;i les which we con-iler
greatly innortanr a-id . I -, nor T,r...i..
- , , ...-V -I - ... llv.
tans 'viiii ilizing" our exports and im-
IiOft-.
In ca.e of a foreign war it will irive ns
command of all the islands ami thus pre
ent an euetuy from securing for himself
a place of rendezvous on 'ur coast.
At presotit our .-oast trade Wtween the
t;;tfs l.K.rd.ring on the Gulf of .Mexico is
by the Bahamas and the Antilles. Twice,
we must, as it were, j-as, through foreign
countric, to gc by fr-m (ieorgia to the
we-t coast of Florida.
AI'V ANTAuKs ii ANKATIO.
San Domiag... with a -table (iovern
meiit under which her immen-e resources
can be dcvclojied. will give remunerative
wages to ten thousand lalK-rers not now
ui-on the ishiad. This laW will take a-1-
vantyge ot etery availance and means of
iraiisjionation to abandon the adjacent
islands and seek the bleings of freedom
and its consequences, each inhabitant re
ceiving the reward of his own laW. I'or-
to j;ieo ami Cuba will have to abolish
s.averv as a measure of self-preservntion
so -in am nie:r laborer,. ;ln lioinino
will tiecome a large consumer of the pro
ducts ot Aorthern lanns and manubu-tur.
ers. The cheap rate at which her citi-
- zens can he turn-.s hed with f.n.d t..U-i.l
machinery will make it necessary that
the contiguous Mauds have the same ad
vantages iu order to compete in the pro
duction of sugar, coffee, tobacco, tropical
iruits. tVc I iii will 01,011 to us a wider
market for mir products. The p rod tie
f.oo of our own ,ntirlv of flmto
I V ...... . .... ii a
will cut off more than one hundred mill
ions ofour annual iuqiorts besides large
ly increasing our exports. With such" a
picture it is eay to see how our large
debt abroad i, ultimately to be extinguish
ed. Y ith a balance of trade against us
including the interest of bonds "held bv
toreigner, aud money shipments to our
ciu.eiis traveling in foreign lands, equal
to the entire yield of precious metals in
this country, it is not so eay to ,ee how
this result i, to l- otherwise accomplish
ed. 1
I'he acquisition of San Domingo is an
adherence to the Monroe doctrine ; it is
a measure of national protection : it is as
serting our just claim and controlling in
fluence over the great commercial traffic
soon to flow from West to Ka.,t by the
Isthmus of Darien: it is to build.up our
merchant marine ; it is to furnish tew
markets for the products of our farms,
shops and manufactories : it is to make
slavery unsiipportable in Cuba and Torto
1'ieo at once, and ultimately so iu Brazil:
it is to settle the unhannv condition nf
Cuba and end an extenninating conflict.
It is to provide honest means of
, - i J ""C3
our honest debts without over-taxing the
people; it is to furnish our citizens with
i:e necessaries ol every day lite at cheap
er rates than ever tipforp nnd it iu in
iine, a raj-id stride toward that greatness
which the intelligence and euternrise. of
the citizens of the United States entitle
this country to assume among nations. In
view of the importance of this nuestion. I
earnestly urge upon Congress early ac
tion imiiressive of its vipws as to thp l.pt
means of acquiring San Domingo. Mv
c-...., ..! ii. i . i
niggc-suou i, unit, oy a joint resolution ot
the two houses of Con.oress the Exprntivp
be authorized to appoint a commission to
negotiate a treaty with the authorities of
San Domimro for the acouisitiori of fhat.
Island; that an appropriation be made
to defray the rxneiises of suMi pomini,-
sion. and the nuestion then be ilptomiinpd
iy the action of the two Houses of Con
gress upon a resolution ot annexation, as
in the case of the acquisition of Texas.
O convinced am 1 Ot all t ip n vantnerp
to flow from the nmiisitiin of Snn lk
miugo and of the great disadvantages, I
might almost say calamities, from the
nou-acnuisition. that I IipUpvp thp tnn-
ject has ouly to be investigated to be
proved.
EXTRADITION TTEATIES.
It is the obvious interest. esrponllv of
noifhhorinnr ll -l h'ftIK to nrnrijA onttini-l
c to " - -.uimv uaiiiu
tne impunity ot those who may have com
mitted high crimes within their borders,
aud who may have sought refuge abroad.
For this purpose extradition treaties have
been concluded with several of the Cen
tral American Republics, and others are
iu progress.
THE ALABAMA CLAIMS.
I regret to say that no conclusion has
been reached for the adjustment of the
claims against Great Britian, growing out
or tne course adopted bv that (iovernmeat
during the rebellion. The : Cabinet of
.London, so far as its views have been ex-
I r.s.-e l. flops noF annpar tn hp willinr in
concede that Her Majesty's Government
.lA .1. 1 .
us guiuy oi negligence, or na, or per
mitted any act dnring the' war by which
the United. States .has a just cause- of
complaint, i he ever firm ana unalter
able convictions of our people are direct
ly the reverse. I therefore reconimend
to Congress to authorize the appointment
of a commission to take proof of the
amounts and the ownership of their
claims, or notice to the representative of
Her .Majesty at "Washington, and that
authority be given for the settlement of
t.bpsp plnimn ir T"U4 CL.
. . -.iiuj Vj uie Ulili mj
that the Government shall have the own
ership of the private claims as well as
the responsible control of all the demands
against Great Britian. "It cannot be nec
essary to add that whenever Her Majesty's-
Government shall entertain the de
sire for a full and friendly adjustment of
these claims the United States will enter
upon their consideration with an earnest
desire for a conclusion,, consistent with
the honor and dignity of both nations.
THE CAXDUX riSHEKIES. , ; ...
The course pursued by the Canadian
authorities toward the fishermen of the
United States during the past season has
not been marked by a friendly feeling.
By the first article of the convention of
1818, between Great Britian and the
United States, it was agreed that the in
habitants of the United States should
have forever, in common with British
subjects, the right of taking fish in the
waters therein defined. In the waters
not included in the limits named in the
Convention "within three miles of parts
of the British coast .." if ha
- w ut-3 tv VUw utin
torn for many years to give to intruding
usucruieu oi tne i nited States reasonable
warning of their violation of the technic
al ngnts ot (ireat Bntian.
The Imperial
stood to have delegated the whole or a
simie m us junsdiction or control of these
inshore fisheries' msnund l 'r--.i
j..vuvaj wj lui; V-VlOlllUl
authonty known as the Dominion of Can-
aua , ami tnis semi-independent, but ir
responsible agent. bn
O ' VAVIVI.T,U 11? UCIC"
gated powers in an unfriendly way. Yes-
DC" oeen seized without notice or
warning, in violation of the custom pre
viously prevailing, and have beeu taken
into the Colonial norts tli
broken up and their vessels condemned.
There is reason to believe that this un
friendly and vexatious treatment trn, ilo.
signed to bear harshly upon the hardy
fishennen of the United States, with a
view to political effect upon this Govern
ment. The statutes of the Dominion of
Canada assume a still broader
untenable jurisdiction over the vessels of
the United States. They authorize offi
cers or persons to hrinrr vpssel.
within three marine miles of any of the
coasts, bays, creeks or harbors of Canada
into ports, to search the cargo, to exam
ine the master under oath, to cbnjiw thn
cargo and voyage, and to inflict ujion him
a heavy pecuniary i-enalty if true answers
ire not given : and it such a vessel is
found '-preparing to fish" within threp
marine miles of any such coasts, bays,
creeks or harbors, without a license, or
after the expiration of the lieriod named
in uie iasi license granted to it, they pro
vide that the vessel, with hertm-l-lp a ,-
vc. shall be forfeited.
It is not known that anv cnndpinn-i.
tious have been made nnder'tln' ct.it
Should the authorities of Canada attempt
to enforce it. it will become my dutv to
take such steps as may be necessary to
protect the rights of the citizens of" the
L uited States. It has been claimed by
Her Majesty's officers that thp fi,!,ii,. ."
sels of the l'nit?d States b:ivp no r-tn-Kt t,.
ente the oj-en ports of the British" pos
sessions in North America except for the
purposes of shelter and repairing dama
ges, of purchasing wood and obtaining
water; that they have no right to enter
at the British Custom 11 OUSPk or tr
trade there, except for the purchase of
"uou mm water, and that they must dp
part within -Ji hours after notice to leave,
it is not known that any seizure of a fish..
ing vessel carrying the Vnited States flag
has been made under this claim. So far
as the claim is founded on alleged con
stniction of the Convention of IsH. it
cannot lie acquiesced in by the United
States. It is hoped that it will not !
insisted upon by Her Majesty's govern
ment During the conference which pre
ceded the negotiation of the Convention
i- the rintish Commissioner, ,..r,,.
posed to expressly exclude the tishenuen
of the United States from the privilege
of carrying, on trade with any of His
Bnttanic Majesty's subjects residing with
in the limits assigned for their use. and
also that it should not le lawful for the
vessels of the United States engaged in
the said fishery to have on board anv
g'ods. wares, or merchandise whatever,
except such as might lie necessary for the
prosecution of their voyages to and from
said fishing grounds, and anv vessel of
the Uuited States which shall contra
vene this regulation may lie seized, con
demned ami confiscated, with her cargo.
This proposition which is identical with
the construction now put upon the lan
guage of the Convention, was emphatical
ly regretted by the Aiiipri,;.ii
W -s.. - VllUUIt- ; t,,
. 'iiiai j . aim ill L1C1C 1.
as it stands in the Convention, was sub
stituted. If, however, it be -aid that
this claim is founded on Provincial .r
Colonial statutes, and not upon the Con
vention, this Government cannot but re
gard it as unfriendly aud in contraven
tion of the spirit if not of the letter of
the treaty, for the faithful execution of
which the Imperial Government is alone
responsible.
Anticipating that an attempt mav pos
sibly be made by the Canadian authori
ties in the coming season to repeat their
unneighhorly acts toward our fishermen,
1 recommend vou to confer nnon tlP :-"v.
ecutive the power to suspend, by procla-
luauou. me operation ot the laws author
izing the transit of troods. wares ami mo
chandise in bond across the territory of
the United States to Canada; and fur
ther, should such an extreme niran 1.
come necessary, to suspend the operation
of any laws whereby the vessel, of the
dominion or tanada are permitted to en
ter the waters of the United States.
THE NAVIGATION OK THE ST. LAWRENCE.
Mr. Clay advanced his argument in Be
half of our right, the principle for which
he contended has been frequently, and by
various nations, recognized by .law. 'and
treaty,and has been extended to several
other great rivers.
By the treaty concluded at Mayenee in
1831," the Eh ine was declared free from
the point where it is first navigable to
the sea. By the convention between
Spain and .Portugal, concluded , in 1 So 5,
the navigation of the Douro throughout
its whole extent was made frep for flip
subjects of both crowns. In 18o.'l the Ar
gentine coniedoration by treaty then open
ed the free navigation of the Paraguay
and Uruguay to the merchant vessels of
all nations. In ISoC the Crimean war
closed by a treaty which provided for the
free navigation of the Danube. In 1858
Bolivia, by treaty, declared that it regard
ed the rivers Amazon and La Plata', in
accordance with fixed principles of na
tional law, as highways or channels open
ed by nature for the commerce of all na
tions. In 18o!) the Paraguay was made
nee uy treaty, and in December, lu'j,
the Emperor of Brazil, by imperial de
cree, declared the Amazon to be open to
the frontier of Brazil to the merchant
ships of all nations. The greatest living
untish authority on this subject, while
assenting to the abstract right of the
British claims, says ; "It seems difficult
to deny that Great Britain may ground
the refusal upon strict law, but it is equal
ly difficult to deny first, that in so doing
she exercises harshly an extreme and
hard law; secondly, that her conduct
with respect to the navigation of the St
Lawrence is in glaring aud discreditable
inconsistency with her conduct with 're
spect to the navigation of the Mississippi,
ou the ground that slip iioec,p,l a t,n
- " s- i - rwn U .sjuuu
domain in which the Mississippi took its
rise. She insisted on the right to navi
gate the entire volume of its waters on
the ground that she possesses both banks
oi me .t. J-awrence where if disembogues
itself into the sea. She denies to the
United States the rioht f m,-;mt;,.
though about one-half " of thp .-TitT.r r
the lakes Ontario, Krie, Huron and Supe-
nor ana tne whole ot tne take Michigan,
through which the river flow, arp the
property of die United States. The
whole nation ii interested in ,e,.or;i.o-
cheap transportation from the agricultural
.-uucs .-i merest to the Atlantic sea
board, 'io tiie citizens of tho,p StMte, it
secure, a greater return for their labor.
I o Uie inhabitants of the seaboard it af
fords cheai-er food. To the nation ;.r i
crease in tiie annual surplus of wealth.
it i, unpen mat the iioveniment of Great
Britain will see the illstil-P of a Tin ml.. ion ti
the narrow and inconsistent claim to
which her Cauudiuu provinces have urged
her adherence.
THE BEPHEsSIOX OK AMEillCAX C'O.MMKUOK.
Our depressed commerce is a subject to
which I called your special attention at
the last session, and suggested that we
will in the future have to look more to
the countries south of us. and to ' China
and Japan, for its revivd. Our represen
tatives to all these governments have ex
erted their influence" to encourage trade
between the "-"uked States and the coun
tries to which they are accredited, but
the fact exists that the carrvinsr is done
almost entirely in foreign bottoms, and
while thi, state of affairs exists we can
not control our due share of the commerce
of the world. That between the Pacific
Stales and ( hiua ami Japan is about ail
the carrying trade now conducted in
American vessels. I would recommend a
liberal policy toward that line of Ameri
can steamers, Ue that will insure its suc
cess and even increased usefulness. The
co,t of building iron vessels, theonlv ones
that can compete with foreign ships 'in the
carrying trade, is -o mucli greater in the
1 nited State than in foreign countries
that without s-.me assistance from the
ioverm!ieut they cannot 1-e successfully
built here. There will be several propo".
Mtions laid 1-oforo Congress iu the course
of the prevent ses-iou, looking for a rera
ody for this evil, even if it should be at
s..iue cost to the National treasury.
f hope such encouragement will be giv
en as wiil secure American shipping on
the high seas, and American shipbuilding
at h"iue.
TiiK ;ivi:i:n.jkt kxpknvks koi: tuk
("Miv; VK.Ul.
I he estimates for the excuse, 0f tiie
Government for the next fiscal year are
Si s.i' 11.:; less than for the current
one. but exceed the aM.r-.s.rhith.n for t!,
like to see remedied by this Congress. It
is a reform in the civil service of the coun
try. I' would have it go beyond the
mere fixing of the terms of office of clerks
and employes who do not require '-the ad
vice and consent of the Senate" to make
their appointments complete. I would
have it govern not the ienure, but the
manner of all appointments.
There is no duty which so much em
barrasses the Executive and heads of dp.
partmeuts as that of appointments ; nor
is there any such arduous and thankless
labor as that ot finding places for consti
tuents. The present system does not se
cure the best men, and often not even fit
men, tor a public place. The elevation
and purification of the civil service of the
r . -,i , , , ,
uovernment win oe naned witn approval
by the whole people of the United States.
reform ix the management of indian
affair:-. !
The refonn in the management of In
dian affairs has received the special at
tention of the Administration from the
inauguration to the present day. The ex
periment of making it a missionary work
was tried with a few agencies given to
the denomination of Friends, and has
been found to work advantageously. All
agencies aud superintendeucies not so
j: i . 1 . -
uisposed oi were given to officers ot the
arnvy. The act of Congress reducing the
army renders army officers ineligible for
civil positions. The Indian arpnoips lie
ing civil offices, I determined lo give all
tne agencies to such religious denomina
tions as had heretofore established mis
sionaries among the Indiaits, and per
haps to some other denominations, who
would undertake the work on the same
tenns, as a missionary work.
The societies selected are allowed to
nSme their owu agents, subject to the ap
proval of the executive, and are expected
to watch over them and aid them as mis-'
siouaries to christianize and civilize the
Indian and to train him in th arts of
peace. The Government watches over
the official acts of these agents and re
quires of them as strict an aceoimtnhiiitT-
as if they were apjxiiuted in any other
uiauiicr. l entertain tne conndeut hoj-e
that the policy now rursued will in a
few years bring all Iudiaus upon reserva
tions, where they will live in houses,
have school houses and churches and
will be pursuing peaceful and self-sus-taining
avocations, and where they may
be visited by the law-abidiug white man
with the same impunity that he now vis
its the civilized white settlements. I
call your social attention to the report
of the Commissioner of Indians Affairs
for full information on this subject.
TIIK CEXsi-s.
The work of the Census Bureau has
been energetically prosecuted. The pre-
nuMuar) reports, containing much mior
mation of snecial value and interest will
be ready for delivery during the present
session, ine remaininc vo ume, wi bp
completed with all the di-natch consist
ent with perfect accu t.cy in arranging
aud classifying the r tun s. We -hni'l
thus, at no distant da . be furnished with
an authentic account four condition and
I resource,, h will. I doubt not. attist
the gro-viug prosperity of the country, al
though. Durin g the "decade which" has
j list clos.-d it was severely tried by the
great war waged to maintain its integrity
and to oeure and perpetuate our free institutions.
wVjSL'"03 BI003 3DHC33
-uji way jo i..i. )n 1 "JlBPlwo-q Jin to nor"
BSLiBtpMppn. train iSnm" 1"oi,,2
Xiniuail s ohm ranojqsj,, '!ti 'qaiqj nornpura
im ajtn raosj-id nsnJJjrm.'Jnpo.sjiiniaitun!
sim .fRDUllBip wisp , ,n IH p-1-P
nonipoos -Moujs-iaBiDopj ; J-ni 3"i w
PKNSIOX-
During tiie last fiscal
l-rc-ent year tor the ,.;!T;.' time ,ss !l7-
n tnis c-rio.ite
Heretofore i"1" uuicrC..iigi-essii,al pro
vision. at:d of hich only , . much i, ask
ed as Congress m-y choose to givc. The
ajiproj-riation for the same' works for the
present fiscal year was .?! l.:S..-,ls.us.
A like unfriendly disnosition loi, I
manifested on the part of Canada, in the
maintenance of a claim to the
exclude the citizens of the Unitedtates
trom the navigation of the St, Lawrence.
This river constitutes a naval .nnflnt t
the ocean for eight States, with an aggre
gate population of about 17,(100.000 in
habitants, and with an aggregate tonnage
of 6". 61 1,307 tons upon the waters which
discharge into it. The foreign commerce
of our ports in these waters is open to
British competition, and the major part
of it is done in British bottoms. If the
American seamen be excluded from tl.;
national avenue to the ocean, the monop
oly of the direct commerce of tho l.ii-
mf s. . v nine
ports with the Atlantic would be in for-
eign nanus, ineir vessels on transatlantic
voyages having an access to our lakp
ports, which would be denied to Araeri
can vessels in similar voyages. To state
such a proposition is to refute. its justice.
During the administration of Mr. John
Quincv Adams. Mr. Clav imonpstion t-.Ii.
demonstrated the natural right of the
citizens of the United States to the nav
igation of this river, elai
- O "-"-A V tilt,
act of the Congress of Vienna, in open
ing the Khine and other rivers to all na
tions, showed the judgment of European
jurists and statesmen that the inhabit
ants of that country through which a nav
igable river passes has a natural right to
enjoy the navigation of that river to and
into the sea, even though passing through
the territory of another power. This
right does not exclude the coequal right
of the sovereign possessing the territory
xl 1 1 . - - - v
uirougn wnicn the nver debouches into
the sea to make such resrulations rp.ifiV
to the police of the navigation as may be
reasonably necessary. But these regula
tions should be framed in a liberal spirit
of comity, and should not impose need
less burdens upon the commerce which
has the right of transit
It has been found in practice more ad
vantageous to arrange thesp nm at nn.
by mutual agreement and the Uniced
1.-J.A 1 . m
estates are reauy to make any reasonable
arrangement as to the noliee. nf thp st
Lawrence which may be suggested bv
r itt'i" . J
wreai ntain.
If the claim madp hv r.lov a., 4... i
- - -v ". Jsi,
when the population of the States border
ing on the shores of the lakes was only
3,400,000, it now derives greater force
and equity from the increased population,
wealth, production and
States on the Canadian frontiers. .Since
TUK AhKAt:K VAI.I K Of ;ol..
As compared wi
t-r the whole t,f tic VP;tr Isi;:l
aoout l:;i. and for eleven months of
hs,u. the same relative value has beeu
alHjut 1 The approach to a specie ba
Ms is very gratifying, but the fact cannot
lie denied that the unstabiiitv of the val
ue of our currency is prejudicial to our
prosperity and tern's to keep up prices to
th3 detriment of trade. The evils of a
depreciated and fluctuating currency are
so great that now when the premium ou
gold has fallen so much, it would seem
that the time has arrived when by wise
aud prudent legislation Congress "should
look to a policy which would place our
currency at par with gold, at no distant
nay.
KKDU'TIOX
vp;ir the ,11111
paid to peii-ioiiers. including tiie cost of
disbursements, was ?i'7.7.-io.sll,H. ami
1 1 bounty land warrant, were issued.
At its close llfsi.Osij names were on the
pension ndls. The labor, of the Pension
Office have been directed to a severe scru
tiny of the evidence submitted in favor
of law claims and to the discovery of fic
titious claims which have been heretofore
allowc'i. The appropriation for the em
ployment of social agents for the inves
tigation tf frauds has eeu judiciously
u-ed and the results obtained 'have "een
of unquestionable benefit to the service.
TIIK POUCV F Til K ADMINISTRATION".
In conclusion 1 would sum up the pol
icy of the Administration to be . a thor
ough enforcement of every law, a faithful
collection of the revenue, economy in the
disbursement of the "same, a prompt pay
ment of every debt of the nation, a re
duction of the taxes as rapidly as the re
quirements of the country wil'l admit, the
reduction of the taxation to 1-e so arrang
ed as to afford the greatest relief to the
irreatest mimlier l.,,no-r .....l
, ...-.,vi .iini iau ileal-
h .-.vever. 1, ! ,ngs with all other people to the end that
puol.c works i war. with :,I1 it, i.ii.rl.;,, -
, .. -.-.i.u.i,: v"iisc.j;ienecs.
may lie avoided, but without surrender
ing any right or obligation due us; a re
form iu the treatment of the Iudiaus. and
iu the whole civil service of the country ;
and. finally, in securing a pure, untram
melled ballot, where every man who is
entitled to cast a vote may do so. ju,t
once, at each election, without fear of mo
lestation, or proscription ou account of
his political faith, nativity or color.
tSignedi I". S. GRANT,
l.xecutive .Mansion. Dec. 5. 1870.
TAXES.
The tax collected from the people has
been reduced more than eighty million
dollars per annum. By steadiness in
our present course there is no reason why.
in a few short years, the national tax
gatherer may not disappear from the door
of the citizen almost entirely. With the
revenue stamp dispensed by" Postmasters
in evert- community, a tax" upon liquors
of all sorts, and tobacco in all its fonns,
and, by a wise adjustment of the tariff!
which will put a duty upon those articles
which we could dispense with, known a&
luxnries. and on those which we use more
oi than we produce, revenue enough may
be raised after a few years of peace and
n.iiseijuem reduction ot indebtedness to
luiiui an our obligations. A further re
duetiou of expenses in addition to reduc
tion of interest account may be relied up
on to make this practicable.
i;;:vkxi k hkkokm.
If it means this, has my hearty support
1 f it implies a collection of all the reve
nue for tiie sunnort
the payment of priucipal and interest of
me i'uoiic dent, pensions, etc., by direct
ly taxing the neonle. th
revenue reform and confidently believe
ifn- die mi me. 11 it means fail
ure to provide thp
1 -vvvuij liitam ivuf
tray all expenses of the government, aud
thereby repudiation of thp i.m; .i.h
. .1 - s-v. j.uuiiv UCUL
and pensions, then I am still more oppos
ed to such kind of revenue refonn. Bev
euue reform has not. 1
ot its adherents to my knowledge, but
seems i ne accepted as something which
is to supply everv means w.mtpil 1
any cost or effort on his part A tme rev
enue refonn cannot h m:i.rlp i ,i..
" " m. vi, i , , OUL
must be the work of national legislation
ami ume. as soon as, the revenue can
oe dispensed with, nil Jnti- i,.,i.i 1
- uwutu ue re-
moved from coffee, tea, and other articles
of universal use not produced by our
selves The necessities of the country
rv.x w iviii-b revenue irom our im
ports. An amjv of a,s&(r nn nM
ors. is not a pleasant sight to the citizen,
but that or a tariff for revenue is neces
sary. Such a tariff, so far as it acts as
an encouragement to home products, af
lords employment to labor at living wa
Sj v co"trast t0 the Iajier labor of the
Uld Worlu, and also the development of
home resources. ,
AUCTIOi,.
Bui " ""'0': " 01 a'.i:ir,uo in.ciT,
-XlX11 '"s'1 iwi-rwjwd Am "paim-niqiS,''
noi pus "Cf? ,0'B' Pt"' ","!'p "
res m iSaS lrVJ !iw iwnd tuqi
-:.),; puis 'm.i 8KjpTO,t -Uiu. oinotn,n j ou5?S
-ind l VHintwJl jo pui, Jdnjd am puj 'i',f UI
pwnooAtm 1 -poom srnjounncinsjia.imij'
, . M witw wiiiui rf.i uuoia j, ,- ,
tra arj jujin: qana ja-j j.Moutoiiuom 10 suv.vn
Xq jniod jctll . jcn!(M )rf 3q pinoqs 'm-js .n
Aiihass inoqn jo BjniBjJm,)j qu a 'j,itui.-qi Ukut o
uiooj uiJBAl c uiA-m oi 'uaq suq jsas pin 'si ipnj,,.
fln sf uatfti nfuivuj i ipns joj noq ou
r iw q aeui uoiisanb am. i?;iuon 01 o3 ol suciu,
q oa SAtq oq . ta.v)dinnuon Xusm aj ajoqi -mo
( vv'-f i5iiiio n.i....vii wi iaii.o;(3
II"- iu-!li;u .11(1 I'llW AUUIIR pilB .lllUlSIUil JJ.ITi'll
ou sn:a.uii V!!U AUltlllip pan !iq3Jilndwj3 aql 'iibijt
ruBu.x q-noj aqi uaqj ',-iuni ei) jo3UTt!o; s X.;
paMOno.1 .taiiii3 9 qoiqA 'qMB ajoui il qi(M puw 'poon;
pooa sauioa 'qt(aj jrqi i, u..iiB0nniu3 eqi pun Mioi.i
j -.-.-- M;.1 4Jii.jiimunrf.t;q i . ajji uim
01 RiHaq luailBil 1! u.H& UJiM poo? s h jj -ail :
-odd pftoi dn a8oi 'q.ivmoisaqioiauuiaAiif 01 'sj
loafqoXre -XiKssaa-ittBisin,! Jpunpt oqi 10 irfn jaoJi u
aiaq.u sjkbo auiim U tdooxa 'suonoajip piuud in MHAi
ojuciuojob ut loup-poiu eajqi a'ui 9ai3 o t' nid a'k
3uii jjoj-iq
pusq iq no aedioa o.Bq 01 tun aq 'A'vp Aja.-.a
qno apj jo iba 01 ?uai?ed aqi namApB uoqi pan hiboms
qra jo iioo 'proo joj qu3KUd oq.i uui.,fiA-qd alj.i,
"3aj aqi op uim aatnini paq-.-iii!uio,- siq t. -pajinbl sf
TBqi V- U op hi. Xaqt nuoitoajip Xui mtA JUCTU09
13JJW m psn aj Aim jaq. 'reqi 'oni TinniB
JMiIl qua p-nuiEnbis iquncuoqi w I annnoaq -naui.1
!P-ia juin jijjEd asaqi puainuiooaj j Tipuiq f o oi pun
SillM aiiBjpunre s..iuaqss pu'Duoj a i.ii.iK
aiu.waiuomin.is,i(OT.jqjs-j.-iooisiKUiAioii''A'tiqaii
ooa3 'pajwjjs oj t3um aton. mcwjsd ot aii.ipii jfiv
ajti3 jo adciq jpl puoi
-aq paroasip aj sSotit aqi man 'nun qiu pun jaqioui:
-If.l uoilBpunijj aqi s vul S i iu.iq pus : 11 Ol u..iujib ou
cil fjq.r, A!!p Avaj u; jjojooav a.vaiaqoj qsnou
minnaj3 3jb iaqi qTlAv -pjoo ani-I uijai a'jiu mn
UKBjAaqi :jou iuv ,nq j -ay 'lod-nnun 'jsaoj jji
-JU.W jnoqB ajc X.iqj -b spp..i qgajj auinBJ ol pjtSoj u pa
-ULiBiBAiisna kb aJa.nKaAiid:u:iKuo3ji pjabs aq piTio...y'i
jo a.lBiuaajod isba iq -aJiiii easnajo eimir'notfi
AU-.ni ajB ajatn IIIW ! ,f!3"J OS l iBA-ud jou aop n .:inu
alPP!lt aqi U .assasip ujj.i eiqi jo aip UMrrer.dol
aqi jo i.sai in pjiqi-.uo 'puijiau-i av-iv; v 'puuq J in,
oqi no UBdaiaiiinoaaqi m aaoqi A'nBiaI 'uoiidmn
-una jo aip XISJBJ spu. f jo sjaiibu ll:q jki p.iq.iii(viM
-If-'M b i i -s.ipniiii:! UJoquou aioui ueqi Biiquq nn n
8.np.ud 01 a(i ajoai l i):5mia aqi joj :siM a-'i-.-,
-ireji; d.ijauoiiojj auisn s; A-KjAi,Aa A-;jeau tpnoi j t: '
utn pioab ioa i--.op aq n aip j.i.f run ..'vut.l ascjr-ui
pui: -.-iuo i. paancos 'dnj.-:s muuuiin.i v.iu.iqav! .. j'n s.,'-.
-ticstibituiB jffim u-jvl y 'p;.o hhjbi opje)--!!''
noiiniaA'taaiu-iq pun : i;im.-.i ;i iiin pumsjapun i.j su
PWa tq Nwe.n --uni j. rtnl iq:t a-ja an.,
-uij a-iisujixa os o.itj.nuii y -,.ai b nuiid pajra: .
SA3 a-iBiSAB uo u:i piuiinvvi ..nr aut-i aj.iq.u -luj
aja.i BfqdapBirTI-f pua -autUTiina -uoiwir 'ijni i.
U! AiiBuo88ajoJd wi;.n i (,(, m jouJ kjb.ia' uaauif j., j
p-':.iU)tu;-..Mi .-C;i!-aujBa imod lu.iir.infl
OJUITI piBST!10iBSaiina,oHAl asoqi JO 'jiiq lipiii.aji,
'lT:;.-ni 'lo-s,,AVo.( p.i.-iupjop 'ipuiu.i p ilApioslp -ja-1
Pi u "i B illi -A "l'l"uJiaJBoqM.-)qiiaju.. ni'paiuru
Al!q I va;i!K j'H jo jaqio a'ub J'uul;8 j.) ,ai:Ano!.--i:.
p'!i; s;.u:av jra rn;T:i:AAj.1 jo u.7caj ain o jno 'aieic
aqi i.iui o.p !!.,. i,x ! u-HAi-vJia ajoi-uani :.,.;.,
.i;P 01 up-iua oq -.ptoj iu .iiIwjj oi jl wunqia.CKj,
UUilud ATl'.lUinsUO.-l JJ dJ.lllAi -l-JlIl-AIM Ql V
61 ) pu :.l.!tliVaoJlI!.)l UA -'I V SI ai.iqi OJ.iqnUBq'
. .. '--. -l . I .1 1 .'U-njty li.'ll -.1!"1J1U
-abs joj su bbh-ij ajv' -ja;iUAi uj ea.ii'i oin-.tio3 oi pai u-iui
-iu-.r,aj.'..iB aq ubj b;iuo sutd buouba uisi...-id
J..qi.i iuci pi';j 'aao- uw.'.; 'c-'U-iqiij 'aiUttix!.siir
' I J'iit! s-.uto o ;i ti 3 ihib q y m a-m.aui ITIV'-t
Hliji A-,t, -j aqi iqi n.,i 'pus '..in., Mo ,o'ujni.,j
B B-lso-p-ji ii sb'ujis p.n.3 b wr irqun, :,-Aiuii IB UIB'-l
-um.-i su-!iBd ruo 'a-wiaq aq iqsnn psj.i i u t-,.m iu'i
Waqi PI-,; aBi i-j aqis-(Xiui! i.otuiB B-ji.jjs ll ptii: 'ajVi
jo J..AU ui.ui eajiui ovil t ii :.JiriAi:o(i.-.jj i aauajai-mj
pappap v a vis piiinqi j -oiaqi picao aa adisuT
puB oniAiir-nJi -ui.-itjq pus Ajn jib ai;l iib ojaj
ti OIr.lBJ.)d'JI.-.l ,-iqi SB lilUBlB.I J..4Jil pno T n.vnji
luiod Btw-'A;-: em (Laopj-'iy i-'jiia po-runq a
-las aja.a 'saTi-Diiira Am pu-.: oinuiia Aqi jn aiihu!-- r:u
-IBAq aui J.'pun -iiija inq -p.i-t: -m a'U)t:.i u..,-; p.:.i -rj-r.,
ajaq) suosjad ibj. a s mi j j .iorA, llv, j
iq aJaqi il s-l (.i..q r, y ,in;:io..j ui.-i'i
t':M "5 -sopni'ii:i uaqunu u -u ui : -u,. '
-vijiiA q.us ui i..i i.-u ju: -jui-i.-.u si . i.;i:i. . ,iti.
a-.n; av vi.n-.: d;;i ii; u.-a. p u L-;.i-o( si -i - A Ui
-jnil Sliyi li: ...Tiuoa siqi no sa.;;.! jib .i i-.,j ,(T-(1 '.,u-.
:iqoD,-.U!-iJi p-OAB oi lOKltl squoj i-.i :rjj..'.u;i
so:u p::B .-qi, -v.-'-iupuiios Aqiju-iq i-i s.-jri p...;:..,. n
JO aXA pq .Ci jiuatoi b ojo:..-.j oi p.Ar..111'! .--q oi ::;-ni.
IBqi asjn.-a .--ri a'kivi pntn-J onn J iitiii t.-.-m -n -rvii-ir
-aoa puB s;fr-BA-.ip r.ur.T jo Aoni am oi ifonu-in:: pui:
aoq n aui p.;o.-.-.p sjb.ja' .iAy-.ii.rMi ib( r-ii u -j -jmav'
"jzxxui xi vanioii a. no ox
-V "Vjilsin1lo iiooli.
THE HEW YORK OSSE&YER
YEAI. BOOK
ALMANAC,
To UK IsslT.ll
-lAXl AitY 1st, IsTl.
iiio ofih" m-i or .:;iifto (t.iii;-!iil- of iniporunl In
f.'rmr.tion whi;-it h.-i- .-vor Ui-n eoi.ii.ilisl in this cuuuiry.
It !ouh I1 hi i v.ti l-.hnin-. a.-i a li-Mik of n-foronof.
It i-.ili tni us Hn inl..nfii... l.il.i.rv it A Im-iTin-e r-iT-il
Couinii-roi;il. an.i A-rioultun-I lnfonntion conoeminp nil
tho O.ovon)rn.m-. in tho w ..r!,I : a jr-nem! summar- ofall
tht- liom-volent Institutions and roli-rimis donominationi
iu tin- wrM with a oomi.l.-t,. Ministerial Hirectorv of
noany evi-rv r.-l!iri,.u Iy in the t'niusl States, a eom-ili-to
list i.r al! tho i-olloos. tlieolopJ 8,-minanea, mpd
ivai ami law schools m the L niletl States.
Price, OM-: DOLLAlt.
A!l lilTsOT'S snltsrrlh-M- ..ll.l ,i..vin.r f. ,1. X"..-- A". .-I
Olw-rn-r for out' yoar ,t. will rowive a ,v of this
vahialilo work UKATt'lTOUSLV. Sanijik- copies of th.
OlirtA-rA or sent froe.
SIINF.Y E. Mi IPSE. Jk. CO.
ST Park How. Now York.
Mailhd to any aiUiifs. fust-paul, on mvipt of price.
A GREAT MEDICAL DISCOVERY
Dr. WALKER S CALIFORNIA
VINEGAR BITTERS
Eundreds of Thousands .
Bear teatimony to their Wonder- " ST
f ul Cunitive Effacl. f r 4
WHAT ARE THEY? 1 1
The sul.M-ril.-r will sell m pvlilie anetion. at his
l"m'e '" 'ifensl-oro riilaffe. at 10 oVIik-k P. M.. on
TI EMIAY, IK -K.1IHEK 'iO, Isyo.
tin- Mhminir artieles of piTMinal pr.,.ertv. viz: I inlu
al,!,. uiare, I) Tears old. 1 yearling coll. i g..l eows. 1
extra fteerealf. several tons of hav. 7.-. liusheK oats
aU.ut li. liushe!, of wheat, .Vi to T.i liu-hels iHitat-s. 1
"!"!!" U'owiiifmaehiiie. 1 farm n-atun. 1 tn!-v wai.'
mi. 1 fcii 1 pair work hhmei,s.-s, 1 caniaae- liaruesa.
totfi-tlior wuh plows, harrows, eliains. forks, hoes.
Also dairy t..l churns, pans, butter-lnke. and various
utticles of honsehold funiiture t.s.numeroustinienii..n
n. m!fle horse Uvi. Terms !,. r notes pava-oi.-
in ix nioiitli.s. 1 -
HKNJ. C'OMINl.s.
B. t-. Wii.sox, Ai:.-liont or.
.reeuslxini, 1(V. 1. 1sT..i.
A Cough, Cold or Sore Throat
TUMjiiiros imniotJinte attention, a tiiy
lect nfffii risult-s in an incui:tMe lung
BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TSECHiS
v. ill most invariatilv eive instant relief
For Bronchitis, Asthma. Catarrh, ( on
siimitive and Throat Wsvaivs. they
l'.ave a siiothmj: effect.
SIMiKRS and TIKLIC SPEAKKUS use them to
clear end strengthen t!ie voice.
Oivinis'to the good reputation anil iH.uiarity of the
Troches, many worthless and cheap imitations are or
fered which are roo,l f.,r nothiiig. sure to oct vix
the tme
buovn nuiixcniAi. thoc ih-m.
SOLD KVEGY WHERE.
ORLEANS CO. MAR3LE W0SX3
AT-
1S:i:-oii, VoriiioiK.
is. s
.f - a-
sib
551
r- e
5:S
3 5ft
S a
p s o
s Z.
..V '.i
E e
-a . A
T
3 B
1 P -
9
s
5T S-3
2.
3!
3 S
lhave just returned from the yUABRIKS Of VEH
i !"JT with ne,t" lot "f th" ,,est self-tod stock of mar
tie that ever came into this countv. All those within
2.i miles of this pli, w. !to"w ish to ht;y
i 1-SI VCKtOlll'K, 3IoiUI1UOlU
tc will do well to call at my shop mid - for them
selves. I do not say tint I can sell cheaper than nv-
iKMiv else in this stufe. Hut I can ell i..u ... ..1 V..
!- s , eerto. All
my work is warranted. Please irivc nie a ealL
Carton, Oeceni'oer 12. 1S70. ' J
Eeceipts foi the Standard '
VOn THK WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 12. ls;.
r Mow-rey. Burke,
A Porter, Ilanlwh-k.
N" Field,
KelloK,
J ! Buth-r, Craftisbmy.
H Twomhlv. Mortcon
T Drew. Barvoii.
I K Drew,
Wm. Frasier. OInver,
S IVwInt
A N Mason, Allanv.
DR(k)hl),
R Gray. Lyndon.
Benj. Comings, Grcensluro,
is-Ti
-MlO
e.34
I'.OO
l.'JO
2.l)
;.'
I'.iX)
-.iri
2.00
. 2.00
2.00
2.00
3IAJ8Itirci.
: - TIIK CiriL HERVICE. '
slwayS fatoriug practical" reforms I
resDeetfu v mil
I iT, J J1 o-i.wrui.iuu 10 one
abase of long standing which I would
At East Alhatiy, December 1st, in- Kev J n Tor v,
nyitev. 1. H. kenaston. of sn-racuse x v t ti s.n
NEW FURNITURE & CARPETS.
T. JK. yv I i KLL,
,Be.nS,r,t.irtUrn,ra m1A"t "1th g(XMi '- f
Beauuful Incrarn Ta(.try Carpet at $l.w per yani.
GOOD Ail W001, TWO PIT AT $1.00.
Hemi. Irish Broswls and plain ml chockml Straw
proportionally Urn.
WALL PAPER, CLOTH CURTAINS.
r I K 'riirr ars ;:ot a xiia-.
H FANCY DRINK, f
tstlo cf Por Rnw, Whisky, Proof Spirit,
nnd Refuse Liquors doctored, spiced and aweet
cned to please the tane, called Tome..- " Appetizers,-
Restorers." Ac, that lead the tippler on u
drunkenness and ruin, but are a true Medicine, made
from the Native Roots and Ilerbsof California, free
from all Alcoholic stimulants. Theyaretho
CJKEAT 1.00I ri RIFlEtt nnd A LIFE-
." I V 1 X G P K I X C I P LE, a perfect Renovator and
Invifconitor of tlio system, carrying off all poisonous
matter and restoring tho blood to a healthy condi
tion. ;,i person can take these Bitters according to
d irectioa and remain long unwell, provided the bones
ore not destroyed by mineral poison or other means,
and the vita! organs Vastcd beyond tho point of
repair.
For Inflammatory and Chronic Rheuma
tism nnd floct. Dyspepsia, r Indigestion,
I) i 1 1 0 11 H. Rpmitii.nl n r. .1 lnAwn..M
vrr, Disense ofthe Dlood, Liver, Kidneys
and Bladder, these Bittern have been most suc
cessful. Such Diseases are caused by Vitiated
Blood, which Is generally produced by derangement
cf tho Digestive Oreans.
DYSPEPSIA OR INDIGESTION, Head
ache, Pain tn the ShouldcrsX'oughs, Tightness of the
Chest, Dizziness, Soar Eructations of the Stomach,
Bad taste in the Month. Rlllona Attacks, Palpitation
of the Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs. Pain In loo
regions of the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful
symptoms, are tho offspring of Dyspepsia.
They invigorate the stomach and stimulate the tor
pid liver and bowels, which render them of unequal
ed efficacy in cleansing the blood of all Impurities and
imparting new life and vigor to the whole system.
FOR (SKIX DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter. Salt
Rheum, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils
Carbuncles. Ring-Worms, Scald Head, Sore Eyes,
Erysipelas, Itch, Scurfs, Diseoiorations of the Skin.
H umors and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name'
or nature, are literally dug up and carried out of the
system In a short time by the use of these Bitters.
One Bottle In such cases will convince the most tn
credulous of their curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yon find its
impurities bursting through the skin In Pimples.
Eruptions or sores; cleanse It when yon find Itob
structed and sluggish in the veins, cleanse it when "
it is f onl, and yonr feelings will tell yon when. Keep
the blood pure, and the health of the system will
follow.
FIX, TAPE and other WORMS, lurking in the
system of so many thousands, are effectually destroy
ed and removed. For full directions, read carefully
1 he circular around each bottle; printed in four languages-
English, (iennan, French and Spanish.
J . WALKER, Proprietor. R. II. MrDONALD k CO..'
Druggists and General Agents, San Francisca. C!.!
and 32 and 31 Commerce Street, New-York.
BV ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS.
, E. G. STEVENS,
Practical Dentist,
WBJ be at
COV1INTHY
On the FIRST and SECOX0 MONDAYS of each
month, and "
i
on Uie TIIIUI and FOIUTII MONDAYS iwi.v
to do any work In bis profession in a thorough and taaty
m.nn.. Call aiid UV Ulfll-lua (.fhifl mirb 4fl.
Wanted.
liooa i -uni runr iiorao ream-
the ht'-un Mill at South Martun. lmiuireof the ageatat
- "" o 1. I S ( J.
1U, ATJU. , U.

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