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RATES OF ADVERTISING. 1 W 1 M a M 6 M 1 YR 1 Inch, 1 00 3 00 6 00 8 li 9 2 la. 2 00 .5 00 7 00 12 00 IS 00 3 In. S 00 S 00 It 00 15 00 22 00 4 in. 4 00 7 00 12 50 18 60 27 0t Col. 00 9 00 U 00 25 00 35 00 i C.L 7 40 12 00 18 00 30 00 4S 00 4 Col. 10 00 1.5 00 25 00 40 00 SO 00 1 ci. 15 no 20 no 40 oo eo oo 100 oo OLDEST DEMOCRATIC PAPER IN OREGON. milllBD EVERY PRtDAT, IT MART. V. BROWN. . OFFICE IN PARRISH'S BLOCK, FIRST STREET. TERMS, in Anvaspt Ono year, $3 Six months, $3 ; Three months, $1 j One month, SO eent;' Sinjrle Copies, 12J rent. Correfpondonts writinu over assnmcd signa tures ot anonymously, must make known their proper name to the Editor, or no attention will be Riven to their emnmnnlcatinns. BUSINESS CARDS. '"S. A. JOIIXS, ATTORNEY AT lXw, ALBANY, OK EG ON. yOfflce In the Court IIouap.,BB . vsn-jtr. W. G. JONES, M. D. Homoeopathic Physician, ALBANY, OJ5EUON. T7n20vl. V. A. CBEHUWETB. I. . SNITtt. Corvalli. Linn Co. CHENOWETH & SMITH. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CorvaUis, Oregon. JSfT-OrptcB at the Court House. r6n27 ' JOHN J. AVIIITXEY, 1TT0CXEY A.ND COCXSELOS AT LAW and Notary Public. Special attentions given to collection!. Office Up stairs in Parrisli's Rrick. Albany, Oregon. v333tf. PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS ALBANY. OREGON. Orrrcs: On South side of Main atrwt. over Ijiyton's store, vsiiiaf. A. W. CA.UBLE, .11. !., PflTSICUX, SFEGECX AXD JCCCUfDElE, ALBANY, OREGON. OfBcn ami residence two d.iors east of Menley's Kuniitur Kootna, Klrst str-ft. v8ni.1t. T. IV. 11AKK1S, 31. !., PHYSICt AN AND SURGEON, AIJ3AXY. OREGON. tO Office on Main if r-et, over Tin-roll's Store. IV-sidence on Fourth ttreft. lour blocks w.t ot Court lloust'. Si.l-SJ 1. W. C. TWEEDALE, DEALER IX GROCERIES, PROVISIONS. Tobacco, Cigars a-d Yankee 2fotioE3, ALBANY. OHEUON. I will strive to keep on hands tho liost of ev erything iu niy Urn-, and to mint public jat ro'uatfe. vuiiL ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR AT LAV, Will rraotlee in all the Courts In the 2d, 3d and 4ia Juuic-ial Jjistriels: in tiie fHipr-m j ourt ol Oregon, and iu liu- Unitd KaU-s 1 tnct and iirvuu t ourt. Oilier up-stoirs in iront j room iu rjiruii ! uncji u.ucit, r munu j , Oregon. von lay 1. GEO. R. HELM, ; ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT- LAW j ! Will practice in all tte Couri of this State. ITICE: ALBANY, OREGON. ! Nov. 11, 1870. ST, CHARLES HOTEL, H CORNER FEONT AND WASHINGTON STS., AiBANY, OHEGQW. H. S. LUSQJS. - - PROPRIETOR. This house )S the roost ftfnraod!ous In the itv. labie upued jUi tue t-l the market Cords. i-ree ctcii to the bouse. Saie lor "Valuable, office mi Curvallia mage Company. ! c. . BELLISGEE. THEO. BCBHESTER. , BELLINGER & Bl'RKIESTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, No. 89 First Street, PORTLAND, - - ORSGOI7. . Special attention giren to matters in Bankrupt cy and all business in United States Courts. r6n24tf. G. F. SETTLEM1ER, Bruggist and Apothecary t DEALER IS DRUGS, MEDICINES, OILS, Paints, Window Ulan, Dyestuffs, Liquors, sTaney Soaps, Brushes, Perfumeries, Ac. Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. All art eles and Drugs in oar liae wananted f (he best quality. First street, Post OSee bnilding, Albany. jntl5van48yl COMMERCJAL HOTEL. FKA HOCSJE BLOCK, 8ALEM, OREOOX. 31 ICS. A. J. RIEL.Y, Proprietor. This house will be kept In first class order, and with attentive aud obliging servants. No Chinese Cooks Employed. am prepared to furnish good accommoda tions to the traveling public, "and will use every endeavor to merit the patronage of the public. Siegular boarding at very low rates. Free Coach to the House. vn27tf. ALBANY BATH HOUSE! THE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT - fully inform the citizens of Albany and vi cinity that he has taken charge of this Establish ment, and, by keeping elean rooms and paying strict attention to business, expects to suit all those who way faror him with their patronage. Uariag heretofore carried on nothing bat First-Class Hair Dressing Saloons, lie expects to give entire satisfaction to all. jEChildien aud Ladies' Uair neatly eut and shampooed. JOSEPH WEBBER. TSn.lStf. SOMETHING NEW IN DENTISTRY ! OB. E. O. SMITH, DEXTIST, HAS LOCATED IN ALBANY and has the new invention in plate work, which consists in inserting teeth in the mouth' without, covering the whole roof, as heretofore. It gives the wearer the free nse of the tongue to the roof of the month in talking and tasting. ; It is the Smith k Porvine patent. ' . 5Teetb extracted without pain. Plates mended, whether broken or divided. Office one door east of Conner's Bank, up stairs. v7n45tf. ' BEiVTISTKY. CEO. W GRAY, D. V. S. DOES ALL WORK IN THE line of his profession in the lutett, bet and most approved memous. . Anaesthetic agents used for the painless ex traction of teeth if desired. Particular attention given to the regulation of children's teeth. Dental consultations and examinations free. Satisfaction guaranteed in every ease. '. Call at bis office and examine specimens of his work. Charges moderate. Office in Parrish's Brick Uloek, up-etairs. ' vSnltf. VOL. VIII. THE TWO STUDENTS. In one of our largo suburban towns lived a man named John Atkins. He was otic of those men who had made their way to wealth, nfUnenco and honor by strict integrity and atten tion to business. Every pcuny ofhis great wealth bad boen honestly earned, and he richly merited all the love and respect that were bestowed upon him. Mr. Atkins was uow a widower, nud his Jiouschold was man aged by liis daughter, a fair, blooming girl of eighteen summers. Iter name was Laura, aud her beuaty and wealth made her the object of a vast number of admirers. Attatched to Mr. Atkins' establish ment was a mau named Jared Walk er. He was about eighteen years of age, and was the sou of a man who had once been in the merchant's em ploy. When his father died he was left poor and friendless, and iSIr. At kins hired hint to take charge of the garden aud stable. He had uow been with his preseut patron a little more than two years, and during that lime had proved himself not only capable of all things which he undertook, but also most scrupulously iuilblul and trustworthy. Not far from the dwelling of 31 r. Atkins stood a college one of the most flourishing aud noted in the Union. Mr. Atkins himself had never had the advantages of a college edu cation, but he hail yet picked up a vast deal of information, more of a real practical information than a mau could gain in a lifetime within the walls of a college; but the old man was a friend to the institution, and he was the best friend to that youth who made the best use of his time. One summer's eveniug, while Mr. Atkins and his child were sitting in one of the drawing rooms, a visitor was announced. He was a young mau, and both the merchant and ins daughter received him very kindly. His name was Albert Landowu, and he was the child of wealthy parents. Youug Landowu, though only about nineteen, was considered the favored suitor of Laura's hand, and from his manner it was evideut that he had the same opinion himself. If he possessed any peculiar traits ot character they were rather of the negative kind, though perhaps his love of self, and pride in wealth, may have been of taiher a positive character. "Laura,'' said the young man, after the usual civilities of the meeting had been passed, "who is that fellow that works around your garden here "r" "Oh, that is Jared Walker. He lives with us now. Don't you re member his father old Timothy Walker that used to live in the little black house back of the cottage ?" "Seems to me 1 do remember such a name; but I never knew him.' 'He us-ed.to work for father, but he died a few years ago, and Jared came to live with us.:' 'Ah is it possible?" uttered the youth, with a condescending air. "Yes, It is just like your father, ahVays kind. But this master Jared needs some better manners." "Better manners !"' reiterated Laura, looking up with surprise. "Why, I thooght Jared was one of the most scrupulous young men iu his" man ners." "Perhaps he is ah, I don't donbt it. But he actually bowed to me in the street this morning when I was in company with a couple of lriends from the South. Iieally, I felt as though I should sink through the side walk. Hadn't you better speak with bim, and tell him not to recognize me on the street again '' "You must excuse me, Mr. Lan Jowd, for I couldn't do such errands, even for you. I only wish the rest of the young men in our town needed no more cultivation of manners than does Jared Walker." This seemed to operate as a sort of damper upon the rising spirits ot the young exclusive, and it was some time before be could rally, but at length he managed to regain his wonted speech, and for awhile he rattled away at a mass ot "small talk," to which his listener only answered by occasional monosyllables. Jared Walker soon afterward en tered the apartment. His face was all tremulous with emotion, and he seemed to be laboring under some great anxiety. "What'8 the matter Jared ? What's the matter?', kindly asked Mr. At kins, as he noticed the youth's pertur bation. "Sit down, sit down, and out with it." Jared took a seat, and after a few moments of anxious silence, he said : "I want to do jutt as you think best, Mr. Atkins.' Yoa have been very kind to me, and God knows that I would not be ungrateful. But 1 have got a chance to go to another place a chance to to "Say on, say on, Jared," said Mr. Atkins, showing by his tone and man ner that he was disappointed. "If you have found a better place than this of course I would not keep you. If you can find a Letter friend than I am, you may go to him." "O, it is not that, Mr. Atkins," Jnickly cried the youth. "God knows shall never find a nobler firiend than you have been. But I have got a fu ture to live I have got a manhood to prepare for, and I may never find another opportunity like the present. But I didn't seek the place Bir they came of their own accord and offered it to me." "But what is,it, Jared?" "Why, sir, the professors- of the college want me to take care of their rooms, and in turn they offer to in struct me in all the branches taught in the college. I can have half of the day, and nearly the whole off every evening for study. - Yet, 6ir, I will not go if yon would rather have me 6tay with you. You have been very kind to me, and I would not for the world not even for the education I covet leave you if you wished me to Btay." - . - ., For some moments the old man There was a rich mois cye, and his nether lip "Jared," ho at length said, "I think I have been kind to you ; but that is no reason why I should now be mi kind. You could not have done a thing to give mo more real joy than this. I knew not that yoti hud such a desire for learning, or I should have helped you myself. "And have you not helped me ?'' cried Jared with enthusiasm. "I have had your books and read them, and 1 have heard your encomiums upon edu cated men. I owe it nil to you, sir." "Well, well, perhaps you do. But I will let you go to the collego and try tho plan you have formed, on one condition." "What is it?" asked tho youth. 'That you will consider my honso your home; that you will spend your Sabbaths here, and also such of tho holidays as you have to spare. You will have no other homo aud this will come handy for you." It was hard "work for Jared to speak, but ho managed to promise what his pr.tron askd, and then ho bowed his head and wept. Ho had not expected such kindness; in his orphaned heart he had laid down the rules of life, but he had not looked for such sympathy and assistance in his hour of need. Kach one of those tears that fell from the young man's drooping lips was a volume of thanks to Mr. Atkins, and he knew it. Ho saw at once how noble was tho heart he had touched, and felt happier far than as though ho had found a mine of gold. ' On the first of the week. Jared Walker took his. new situation in the rooms of tho college, and on tho same day Albert Landown was entered as freshman. One was rich, the other poor. One came with the determina tion to be a man, and the other came that he might appear a man. At first some of the students were inclined to be uncivil toward the poor youth, for they found that bo enjoyed all the opportunities far advancement that they did, but his uniform gentle ness and unobtrtisiveness, and his p:iet. upright conduct soon won most of them to his friendship. But there was one in the college who still affect ed to scorn him. Early ono morning, as Jared was crossing the college yard with a buck et of water in his hand, he met Albert Landown. To be sure. Jared was dressed in a working garb, and from the very nature of the work he had been doing was som-whai dtiNty ; but still he thought it no harm to speak, and so with a bright smile he bade the oilier "good morning." "Stop you, a moment," uttered young Landown, turuiuz red in the lace. Jarc-d stopped and set down his- bucket. "Now look ye," continued Lan dowu, "this makes the third or fourth time you have spoken to mo since 1 entered the college, and I want no more of it. I thought my ti'ence might have given you the hint, but it seems you are too dull to take a hint. Now don't you dare to recognize me again, for I don't choose to be on terms of intimacy with every floor sweeper who happens to know my name." Jared did not daro trust himself to make a reply, for he was touched to the piick, and might say too much, so he picked up his pail and started on his way. Perhaps it was well for Jared that this affair happened, for from that moment he was resolved that Albert Landown should not be the best scholar. Time passed on, and Jared won more and more upon the lovo and respect of the professors, and they showed their love by rendering him every assistance in their power. : Every Sunday he passed beneath the roof ot Mr. Atkins, and that kind old man was highly gratified to find how rapid was the advance which the youth made. But yet ho knew not all to which Jared's mind was grasp ing. Sometimes Jared sat and con versed with Laura, and he was sur prised to find how deep and clear was her understanding. "Have yon studied French yet?" she asked ono Sunday afternoon, as they sat together. "Not yet," returned Jared, "but I am going to study it." "That's right," replied tho fair girl, "for I am going to study it, and it will be so ileasant to have one to converse with." "Will not Mr. Landown study tho language ?" Jared asked. . "Perhaps so he says ho shall," re plied Laura. "But he does not seem to make much of his studies." The two had been conversing to gether for some time, but tho intro duction of Landown's name seemed to strike a chill to the minds ot both, and shortly after they separated. But it was not their last conversation, for they conversed often, and with mu tual profit, too. Sometimes Mr. At kins sat by aud heard them, and be never failed on such occasions to show by bis manner that ho enjoyed it much. Yret Mr. Albert Landown was regular in his visits, and once he had. asked Mr. Atkins for Laura's hand, but the old man bade him wait nntil he had graduated from college before he thought of such a matter. Years are not long in passing away, and the college term at length ex pired. Four years had gone by since Jared Walker first became a servant in the college, and he had now come forth with a well-earned diploma. Even tho professors were astonished at the amount of learning which he had managed to amass to himselt, and when he received hia, degree ot Mas ter of Arts, those who bestowed it knew it was given to one well quali fied to claim it. i Mr. Atkins was not a great party politician, but nevertheless he was a warm adherent of his political party, and one, moreover, who wedded a vast deal of influence. The presiden tial chair of the nation bad just been was silent, tine in his trembled. ALBANY, OREGON, FRIDAY,' MARCH 28, 1873. filled by a now incumbent, and new j appointments were being made. Mr. Atkins was selected to fill tho im portant position of a foreign minister. It was more than ho had expected more than ho hail flared to hope for bnt it was no more than ho deserved, and his superior knowledge well fitted him for the place. "Well, Albert," said Mr. Atkins, as the younp mau was at his hotiKO ono evening, "how stands vonr education now?" "Oh, nbont right," returned tho young man with a light laugh. ,"I got through, but it was a very tedious job. I thank heaven we go through col lego but onco in n lifetime." "You studied French, I think," tho old man continued, not seeming to have relished tho previous answer. "Yes I studied it 'twas fashion able, you know, and I had to study it." "I suppose you speak the language, then ?" "Well, as for that, I don't know, I can read a few sentences, but what's tho use?" "Anything that is worth doing is worth doing well," said the old man, somewhat severely. "Did you study Spanish or German ?" "I dipped into tho Spanish some, but got sick of it." "Well, I am disappointed." "Eh!' uttered Landown, starting up. "I say I am disappointed. Y"ou are probably aware that I have received an appointment, and I had some thoughts of making you my secretary, but that is impossible now. I had thought that a residence of a few years iu Europe, upon a good salary, would please you." "So it would so it would," uttered the young man, turning first pale and then crimion. "Can I go with you ?" "Not now, Albert," returned Mr. Atkins. "You are not qualified for the place. You have had every op portunity to prepare yourself, but you have neglected it. I am sorry, but I cannot help it." "Will Laura accompany you?" faintly asked tho youth, after some moments of anxious sileuee. "Of course sh will go with me." , "But perhaps I could prepare my self btl'o re vou "o." v "No, that would bo inrpossable. I shall start next week." Sad and dejected did Albert Lan down turn his steps away from the dwelling ofMr. Atkins that evening. But for his disappointment he had no one to blame but himself. The best hours ofyouthtul life had been literally thrown away, and it was now too late to find them again. "Well, my child," said Mr. Atkins, coming into the house one day, "I am all ready to start, and uext Monday I shall bo off." He spoke iu a very happy and satisfied mood. "Have you engaged a secretary ?" asked Laura. "Yes an excellent one." "Do I know him ?" "O, vts." "And who is he?" "Jared Walker." -Jared -" "Jared Walker, I said, llow do you like the idea of his going with us'" But Laura did not. answer. She 'only hung down her head and trem bled, while her father could seo that sho was blushing, too. "He will make the best companion I could have found. Ho speaks French, German, and Spanish with fluency. I should have taken Albert Landown, but he is not quallied in the least. Are you sorry for tho change ?'' "No, no, indeed lam not," mur mured the fair girl, hiding her face in her father's bosom. And so Jared Walker accompanied Mr. Atkins to Europe, where they re mained four years, and when they re turned the minister had given up the control of his fair child to his young secretary. Laura had become Mrs. Walker, and a happier bride it would have been hard to find. "What makes your horse so slow?" asked a tourist one day in the Glen of the Downs, Ireland, of his Ceitic Jehu. "It is out of respect to the bayutiful eanery, yer honor. Ho wants ye to seo it all. An' thin, he's an intelligent baste, and appreciates good company, an' wants to kape the likes o' ye in beloved ould Irelajul as Ion" as he can." "Why does the operation of hang ing kill a man?" asked a medical pro fessor of his class. "Because," re plied one of the students, "inspira tion is checked, circulation is stopped, and the blood suffuses and congests, the brain."- "Fudge 1" said another; "it's simply because the rope isn't long enough to let hia feet touch the ground." A Scranton man who went home the other evening, and found his house locked up, after infinite troub le managed to gain entrance through a back window, and then discovered on the parlor table a note from bis wife reading "I have gone out; you will find the door key on one side of the door step." ' Congress, it is said, contemplates honoring the nation's hero Farragut by the erection of a statue, represent ing the gallant sailor on horseback. The Buffalo Express suggests as a companion pieca a bronze represen tation of General Sherman charging the heights of Mission Bridge in a canoe. - "In the absence of globes, how do you illustrate the shape of the earth to your scholars?" asked a committee of a school teacher. "I Bhowa 'era my head," waa the reply. Has the glory of base ball depart ed? The Cnicag6 Association decided the other day that it will no longer Bupport a club, and then proceeded to commit suicide, ll outcago aban dons the game,, what can we do to save it? - . . - ANTOItIA COItltKM'O.VDEM K. 12Jil(r JJtmocral: Tho Portland JlcraUloi March 1st, in its commercial article, ! devotes a paragraph to Astoria, and throws a lance at "Pioneer" for presuming to say a word to the farmers of tho val ley on matters relating to their own interests and for the prosperity of the State. This is tho editor's language: " 'Pioneer' is flooding tho columns of tho Albany Democrat with his milk-and-witer bosh about Astoria and tho position naturo has assigned if" Y'ou see at once, Mr. Editor, that tho first statement of tho Herald is false, so far as "Pioneer" is Concerned for ho had furnished but ono articlo to the Democrat, and that did not occupy one full column. Tho Herald styles it "milk-and-water bosh." I will accept tho term. Milk is nourishing; water is most refreshing, and absolutely nec essary for our existence; and bosh (according to Webster) signifies "out line; figure" Now, if I can admin ister nourishment and health to tho farmer, and give him a correct outline to bo pursued by himself in tho fu ture, I shall have done what I in the first place desired to do. It is a little singular that an article so weak and harmless should cause tho editor of the llvrnld to throw up. If ho in tended to signify that tho dose was weak and tasteless, wo can put a little cayenne in his portion. Ho says, "we demonstrated yesterday by actual fig ures that tho pilotage and towage of vessels to and from Portland is but forty-eight and one-fifth (a pretty nice calcuktion)centsperton. It is said that figures won't lie,' but they often con vey a falsehood from those who tnako them." Now, James Taylor, iu the J'amier of March 1st, "demonstrates by actual figures," and figures obtain ed from Capt. Sawyer of the "lloswell Sprague" that the diflerence :n ship ping at Astoria instead of Portland would be 87 j cents per ton, and he is below the mark. If you add to that the difference of charter money paid to get ships to go over tho sands to Portland for their cargoes, the differ ence would amount to dollars instead ot cents per ton. The statement of Capt. Sawyer of tho "Sprague," and the statement of Capt. Barber of the "Felix Mendelson," show plainly that tho Jfrrali intended to deceive. In fact, the press of Portland, for the past fifteen or twenty years, have fal sified and deceived the commercial world in regard to the actual position, relatively and commercially, of tho two places. I venture to assert that no one, being wholly ignorant of the geography of tho country, could have determined from the Portland papers up to this day the exact location of that town. The people of Astoria do contend that this is the only port for the Col umbia lliver Valley where a success ful foreign trade can bo carried on so as to compete with San Francisco and other sea ports on this coast. Y'ou may ask (it yon, are not al ready posted up in this matter) what has kept Astoria in the back-ground, if sho holds so favorable a position by nature? I answer: Oregon, up to 1818, was taking tho lead on this coast, but the discovery of gold in California brought from tho Atlantic States much wealth into San Francis co, and the city grew up as by magic. In those golden days 6ho needed tho agricultural products of Oregon to establish a trade with us, and sho sent her branch commercial houses as far into the interior as tho light-draft steamers of those days could run, so as to wholly monopolize and control our trade and make Oregon tributary to her; so that, in fact, Portland is an illegitimate child a daughter of San Francisco identified with that city. She is bound to hor commercial houses, and would sooner see the whole trade of Oregon go by the way of the Sound, and the stopping of all direct foreign trade, to the detriment of the State, than to see Astoria take the position designod by nature for her, and grow rip in commercial wealth and importance. Look at matters as they have progressed. The whole of Oregon has been claimed by Ben. Ilolladay as his farm, and the whole business of the farm was to be under his control, and the products carried in bis steamers to San Fran cisco. For the last ten or fifteen years, with the money of Holladay and San Francisco, Portland has had nearly the whole representation in Congress to foster and build her up. They attempted at one time to re move the Port of Entry to Portland, leaving only an Inspector or Surveyor at Astoria, and would have succeeded had not Judge Oluey been at Wash ington and interposed. When the telegraph wires were put op from San Francisco through Oregon to Portland, thoy must not come near the mouth of the Columbia; (where thet TJ.; S have more im portant interests to guard than at any other point in tho State, and from which point it is at times, very im-j portaut to receive information,) but must pass on through a wilderness to Victoria. Ben. has built two short railroads for the , soul purpose of freighting his steamers to San Fran cisco from Portland, and has perhaps, with that object in view, succeeded in destroying the land subsidy granted by Congress for a railroad to this place, and prevented, for a time the construction of a road. But Ben Holladay is not tho Almighty, and neither is Portland a seaport town. There were many inventions and plans devised in former generations, bnt they never entertained the absurd idea of building a seaport town a hundred and twenty-five miles in the interior of a country, and then dig ging a ditch to float sea-going vessels to it. That invention was left for this generation. For absurdity, it has but ono parallel; and that is, for a woman to put on breeches, and think herself a man. The press of Portland are constantly boasting about what Uncle Sam will do to complete their ditch. They got a U. S. engineer to look through convex glasses and re port to Washington Mobiliers that tweuty, thirty, or forty thousand dol lars more of thy people's money would complete the job in the Wil lamette liivcr. They have not yet estimated the cost to their Uncle, of removing all the sand flats on down the river to Tongue I oiut; ind I think it will be sufficient to make a I ram in Priest, laugh, when they can see their ditch digger at work in C'alhlamett Bay; just think of it your self, Mr. Editor, and laugh. They have a long stick with a spoon on the end.J they stick that down to the bottom, and whatever it brings up they dump into a scow, to be dumped again into the river, to contribute in forming another bar. In a good fresh see breeze they have a lively time, tho rvier being from K-n to twenty miles wide, and tho rollers sufficiently large to shake the sand out of their spoon before they can dump it into the flat. In this manner, they think ot making a great highway lor commerce, so that (in the language of the Portland papers) all the Navies of the world tan ride on the broad waters of Portland Harbor. That view of the matter looks zrarjJi and imposing, but on a nearer and a more critical view it don't appear so. But a lew days since, two ships started from Portlaud on their way down the river; the foremost ship happened to have a few sacks of wheat too many,, and stuck in the channel, blocking it up so that tho biudmost ship was com pelled to wait until her turn came. The buncoinb of the Portland papers reminds me of the great King Nebuchadnezzar, who walked in his palace and said, "is not this t Babylon that I have built bytbe might of my power and for the majes ty of my kingdom," and tuo 6ame bow he was driven out to grass. A similar fate may await the great men who now control the commerce of Oregon, and who crush the tiller of the soil to bankruptcy. The con dition of "our commerce now would have made wise statesmen blush fit-' teen years ago, but in these days of Mobilierism, when the public man that can steal the roost money, is looked upon as the greatest; it is considered a matter of moment. have made this communication too long already, yet the half has not been been told. I shall probably not trouble you again on this subject, as I have almost completed my seven tieth circuit around the orb of day, on this terrestrial ball, consequently, I expect soon to move to a better coun try, where, if the eigth verse of the 21st Chapter of Revelations be cor rect, (and who can dobut it?) I shall not see nor bear of a Portland editor, PlOXEER. The reverence in which the mem ory of George Washington is held even by those who are of tender years is truly encouraging. A lad, last week, in Boston, being directed by his teacher to compose an essay on Washington, went bo far as to speak of that great man as the pro genitor of the human race the nrst man. Being asked by the school master if Adam was not supposed to stand in that dignified relation, the lad admitted that "perhaps he did, if you were going to take foreigners into account. '- First and Last. A man on the day ho became one hundred years old went to have a pair of shoes made, remarking that he wanted them built substantial, with plenty of hobnails The1 shopkeeper suggested that he might not live to wear such a pair of shoes out, when the old gentleman retorted that he commenced this one hundred years a good deal stronger than he did the last oner s A shrewd little fellow was intrusted to the care of hia uncle, who fed the boy very poorly. - One day , he hap pened to see a , greyoound, wnore upon he asked the little fellow if he knew what made the dog so poor.- The reply was, "I expect he lives with his uncle NO. 33 ttlfOHT AND SHARP. The Brooklyn Eayle has a corres pondent who sighna himself "Sam son," and goes for the "Woman's Bights Movement" in this style: One of the most frequently offered arguments by Mrs. E. C. Stanton and her associates for woman's nse of the ballot is that when they begin its exercise, all the ills that flesh is heir to will gradually disappear from among men: ajso women. Mrs. Stanton assures an tbat her sex with thel power of thf ballot, will gjve society Shxcellent sanitary laws, merciful treatment of the helpless and systems of social government that will produce universal happi ness. Hero are glittering gener alities. The politician when out of office abound in nothing so much as in fair promises. Give them the op portunity of administration, and we are guaranteed the millennium; so it is with the strong-minded woman. She is great iu speech, little in per formance. Since women has taken a free band in its production, our literature has become both offensive and mischiev ous. A tie vilest tnings 01 toe last twenty years have come from the unguided pens of strong-minded women writers. The Byron scandal (ye godd of vir tue and modesty, forgive tueforallud in to the damnable affair) wan the works of a woman, bred among fine surroundings, whose judgment was faltter than her heart. The Beecher scandal, another of kindred iniquity, is the workof leaders iu the woman's rights movement. A woman has done this also. She. with all its disgusting suggestions, has lifted it into life aud circulation, I he most objectionable things iu modern romance have Uow a from the pens of that sex, whom we have been led to honor and defend. Our arms grow week ana our cheeks blush to continue longer in their defense. Forbidden things that should never be named among us are retailed without shame to our daughters bv bold women from the j rostrum. Our grandmothers faint over the recitals 01 tue youns:. I Death logins here. i Subjects that men decline to talk about gush unchecked from the lips of those who persibt it calling them selves slaves. Oue of them, ensair- ed iu selling books, came to my ollice the other day offering books which the strong-minded women declare should bo iu tho Lauds of every young person in the land, but whicu i tbiuk should be publicly burned. From all this the conclusion is inevitable and the truth is offered as unanswerable, that women more than men lack the strength neces sary to stand for the true and the right from the time of Eve to the iresent hour. As they bav6 polluted our litera ture, so will they degrade them selves and our politics by interfer ence. In the unhappy investigation late ly conducted in W ashington, refined and elegant ladies were dragfjedj from domesticity to assist in washing some very dirty linen. Does any one thuiK that tue spectacle was au eleva ting one? Enlarge this tableau and the atmosphere and the condition of this will prove uiosi disastrous to the public peace ana welfare. onian already has unlimited pow er for good in the Church, the State and the home, but she still hankers after forbidden fruit, and every - ser pent still, as of old, whispers to her to seize more power and freeaom lhe end to the end of time will be the same. in comparison with the loss ot a beloved wife, what are other bereave ments? The wife! she who fills so large a space in the domestic heaven she who is so busied, so unwea ried bitter, biller, is the tear that falls upon her grave? You stand beside her tomb, and think of the past. Fain would the soul linger there. No thorns are remembered about the sweet clay, save those your own hand may have unwittingly or unkindly planted. Her noble, tend er heart lies open to your inmost Bight. You think of her as all goodness, all purity, all truth. But she is dead. The dead head bo often laid upon your bosom, now rests upou a pillow of clay. The hands that ministered so untiringly are folded white and cold, beneath the gloomy portals. The heart whose every beat measured an eter nity of love, lies under your feet. And there is no white arm over your shoulder now no 6peaking face to look up in the eye of love no trem bling lips to muriner, "Oh.it is so sad !" There is bo strange a hush in every room I No smile to greet you at nightfall and the clock strikes and ticks, and ticks and ' strikes. It was sweet music when . you could count the hours with her when she could hear it! Now it seems only the hour through which you watched the shadows of death gather upon her dear face. But many a tale it tells of joys past, lorrows shared, and beautiful words and deeda registered above. You feel that the grave can not keep her. You know that she is iu a happier world, but still you feel that 6he ia by your side an angel presence. Cherish these emotions. They will make you happier. Let her holy presence be as a charm to keep you from evil. In all new and pleasant connections give her a place in your heart. ' Never forget what she has done for you, that she has loved you. Be tender of her memory. To how many bereaved hearts will these sentences come who will look back upon the past with mingled recollections f sorrow: and joy perhaps 'of penitence "So live, hnsband and wife," says an bid Eng lish worthy, "that when either dies the spirits of both may mingle." BonlneM notices in the Local Columns, 29 cents fier line, each insertion. for lejral and trnient advertioestfrts ? 60 persqnsre of J2 lines, for the first insertion and $1 00 per square for each sabseqneat insertion. THE TEJIPER VN'CE VTSIOS. The following preamble and rescM lotions adopted by the Oiegon State Temperance Union,- are intended to be a statement of the motives actuat ing the members of the Union in their withdrawal from the Alliance t Whereas, Some persons have -attempted to impugn the, motives of those delegates who withdrew from the late session of the Oregon State Temperance Alliance, aDd r "Whereas, it has been 'deemed ex pedieot, by those who participated m ! that withdrawal that there should be a true, explicit and au thoritative statement on their part of the reasons that impelled them to that act, and the undersigned having been duly appointed a committee to draft resolutions declaring these reasons, therefore, He it finydced, 1st, That in with drawing from the Oregon State Tem perance Alliance, and asking that our names should be stricken from its roll, we are not actuated by any factious or petulant spirit of resent ment against the action of the Al liance, nor by any feelings of spito ill-will towards any member or mem bers of that body, tut solely by a eineere desire to promote the good of the temperance cause. 2d. That after a patient observa tion and experience of tho workings of the Alliance we became satisfied thut it3 organization was too loose and flimsy in texture to be effective, and that founded as it was upon the idea that its door should be freely opened to all who applied, whether possess ing a true temperance record, of representing any genuine temperance sentiment or not, its membership was too heterogeneous for it to be a safe leader of the temperance ele- meuts of the State.- 3d. That believing as we did, and do, that the only true and safe uniou of the temperance people of Oregon must be on such a basis as shall ex clude all organizations and elements whatsoever . that are not throughly aud practically enlisted in the cause of temperance, we felt, and still feel, that we could not conscientiously remain in an association founded and controlled upon au entirely different plan. 4th. That having thus lost faith in- the Alliance as an effective agency in this great reform, we, by the consent of that body, withdrew for the pur pose of forming an association that should really represent the tem perance organization, temperance people, and temperance sentiment of the State, and should represent nothing else: and that in establishing the Oregon Slate Temperance Union, we believe we have fully accomplish ed that purpose. 5tb. That though we are no longer members of the Alliance, we have no hostility toward it, but honestly wish it well; and that, though we have little faith in it as a present or future agency in the temperance re form, we shall nevertheless heartily applaud and welcome any good re sults to this great cause that many now irora it. Cth. That with this plain and hon- est statement of our cause, we are content to submit our actions to the candid judgment of the true temper-" ance men and women of Oregon. SYL. C. SIMPSON, S. BOWERS, W. It. STEWART. O.V THE WAR PATH. Lovf, Revenue, Bate and Bad Spelling Pretty Thoroughly Jlixcd. The following threatening . and interesting epistle was picked up in the lobby of the Four Courts iu St. Louis, a few days ago. It is a curious document, wheiher consider ed philologically, analogically or any other wayologicaily, and will repay perusal. Deab Sir: On my arrive home I found a leatur from yu. I red the cuntense wich hurt me very much and also yu sayed fur me to destroy your leature I have dun so all redy and fur yu to say fur me to destroyh them befour Miss as yu say that leatter settles all if yu say so veary weall but remember one thing wich I will now tell ya and this is it I swore to yu by the Holy god that the girl yu mary-that I puissea hear the first chance I got if she eveaf crusses me in life if I find out the write one be sure she shall have ya now beare that in mind if you ever mary a girl I murdear her if I have to wach fur hear night after night I dos it & in cole blud beare that in mind fur I doo it if evear I ketdh her and as fur yu who has tryed to prov ed yure luve forme has proved faulse fur if yu had aney love for me as yu sayed yu did yu would not ha,ve turned in 5 minuts yu swoar to me by the gate that yu luve Meyu weant wriget over to t marry and ingage your 6elf to hear can I believe that yu luve me no I kant thout you luve fur rae was pure & onest but remem-. ber every vain in my buddy bleeads fur yu & yu only theare fure I am to spite and revenge full fur yu to mar ry anuther, I murdear hear no matter who she is if she was my own sister and I doo it in cole blud beare it in mind oh if you know how my trob ing harte beets yu would never had caused me such pane my mind was made up to doo what yu wrote to me wich I only vreseaved yeasterday morning I intend to goo on a thds dad but this biunks all weal if joj say that leattur cluse all be twean us it ia your fait not mine except my beast lay and wishes froni your tra frend, , - Kat. A chemist of Allahabnd, India, in under arrest for having sent, by rail a box eontaing matter that exploded killing a native and doing much. damage to property. The Gardner's Magazine, in Lon don, claims to be the oldest of agri-" cultural papers, and has just cele- brated the issue of ils oue thousandth) number.