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The Benton democrat. [volume] (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1871-18??, June 21, 1873, Image 1

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THE BENTON DEMOCRAT.
Til E BENTOrT DEMOCRAT
""fBni'aaOn Tea Cin advance..
1
Otte cbpy, Three Months "
aw : COEVALIJS, OREGON,"
To cinbaof Ten or nioM, -6nt'Jto on
X
.. offloo each cop:, f a .jjef year;
1 1 "' , , rr , ; : 7 7; ,- '. '.' - - , . '.'I.). i v.- " ;
II II , V llarJIl- nil W 1 .illnfll ltbU l-ll '-I f I I'l 1 - II 'X " ' lT ' laZX ;
F3 Mti I'll ! h : . MM IAU J r ;1 I.S!lfil I TO-'X p
!
ere
V
t.2
i " .anil
J
0 , STATEFJLEMEnS'
CONTENTION.
aa ruu iToceeaings.
ielow will be
found-a continuation
; ' T--i ; ilpf4 ite k bora on Friday last: ;
. IHiJ.iTbe Ooniniittee on1 Internal TranB
" :: oi portation made tha following report ; ' " "
i " I;?,.1,' 'The Oregon Staam 17ayigation''-Com-
-I:?'lii7lv1&aW Dat!g5Pg th Willamette river
" below Portland and the Columbia river
j. ir.lo iu mouth and to the bead tbereof.
Ai 4 vfiaid mpany town the following jjttmed
boats;) Emma; "Hay ward, pViur be-r-n
t t Ttween Portland and theCpefei ea-
Tannic Troup, betven: Porwnd and
Portland and - Aetona: Idaho, between
rjhf Cascv'es and the Dalles. Owybee,"'
betwe(4 UelUo.and vvallula; ; Uneonta,
' Oka-agon. Joeie McNear and Daisy
' ".iJCbonipson, laid np.. In rail fourteen.
" -Y'.-.j ,V' Oregon Steamship Company E. -N.
f . J, tCooke, fr6m'"'P'Qrtland to Oregon City;
fi iFannie Patton, i rom OregonCily to-
i y -Corvallis;; Dayton, from Oregon City
I J. to Dayton ;" Alice' and Success, laid up,
j K;. Willamette Transportation Company
j i;-, -Gov Grover,. from Portland ta Cor-
&T --vallie; Vancouver,- from , Portland to
1 'Harriaburgr Enterprise (now building),
j q. ilrom Portland to Eugene City: -
I c i k Other boats Calliope, from Portland
c; :to McMinnville: JUaria Wilkens,; from
j x Portland to Vancouver; Annie Stew
art laid up. V; ; , , .
luer, and tow boats Varnna. Hub
(iii .tioiiaaay, "jommoaore jrerry, owauow,
- ? , , JUinnebaha, Webfoot and Jsaac West.
1f! ." ! We find the following rates of freight
w,ii .immn . ii charged feythe differettftoompanies; '
,23S:Tbe 0.'& N3 C6s rates to the Dalles
- ' $15 per ton. ' . -
"I'i IV 'J 'T FARB ON KAILROAUJ
. ilkl. iportland to Oregon City ... ..
s.nw - - VSalem.i;.i....i.. i...
-S ,ri.r.V Albany j...
I '!"'f.V'orvains
' :i'MarriSburg. ....
j 'jEugene 'City
''"'Rates' Of freight on merchandise;
$ 75
2 75
4 00
5 00
5 25
7 00
Portland to Oregon City... '.$2 40
t j " ' Salem 660
." . " "Albany 9 6Q:
u KixfU iHamsburg .'jw.J. . .... 1100
" .jK Eugene City .l?L'0ft
plates ot freight on gratn,sllour, etc.
Kuzene City to Portland ....
7 00
Hurrisburg to Portland
. Albany to Portland
C 00
4 60
3 60
1 00
sgon City to Portland ....
fauk ok w. n. T. CO,
8 BOATS.
H f ft Vortftind to Oregon City
-25
1 00
1 60
2 00
2 60
2 75
SI . , ti Cm Inn.
Albany
"3orvalli8 .... .
Eueene-City . .
Bates of freight per Grower fc Vancouver.
,3 ISrfland td OregoaT City, .4. fl ;O0
" Salem 3 60
.. t-r rx,f 5.4 Albany : : ..
r -Vr-T "Hanlsbure.,. 4.. Bz5
Kaces 01 ireigiic on grainiour, eic.
' tfuzene City to Portland.. 4 .'. . .. f 6 06
Harrisburgto Portland ;.. 4 00
..oo-hO Albany to Portland'. .'Js ; J. L . 3 00
" ' lem to Portland w.. S 50
"Oregon City to Portlands 1 00
The railroad carries - grain: at the
i Pcefl otAy hi le car load of ten
i lipnsilotSi.of lesaiiihaa' ten tons - are
charged more than double the above
rates, thereby prohibiting the farmer
jfrpmringing tiS j produts to the mar
" x htt, and compelling him to sell to the
. ..ws reho u se me n ia .the , interior. The
,toats "of the W. B.'T. Company carry
one ton for the same price per ton as
hapxtx.no matter ho little be has to
a rbipi'aflbbw to- market his prodncts
v -where he can obtain the best price' for
Jthem, while the railroad company, by
lishine the rates of prices' by 'the
-. fur ynnririiffrW..,,.;... m nh tlmn eLouble4Bei:gea 'owiTpWTTeporwiuiout. can
o . . - r J
the rates for less than a car load. nro.
pro
hibits tba farmer from selline in the
best market, thereby enabling the capi
talist to establish just such prices as he
icbooses.0' The boats' of the Steamship
tfetnpany.carry freight at the same rate
a the-Wi E. . TC 'Co-'s.boata,"; but only
since the boats of the W. R. T. Co.
began runnine:The W.:R. T. Co. are
inakin? preparations for ample .means
ttEanBporfrall freights that may be of:
. fered, as the following will show: They
have at present the steamers governor
Grover,' 250"t6n's; Vancouver, 80 "tons;
..nterprise,, fnow building), 200 tons,
sahd"-a'news steamer, to be built, for
v which bids are advertised, 250 tpns, en
A3 viibling j flie company to carry, by the
. goming harvest, 1,600 tons per ' week,
;; -'''!:. . s or 6,400 tons per month- down , freight.
In addition to the foregoing the boats
j - belonging" to" the railroad company now
8lJiOTfKfllgbCtou;bi.tiie ware
fcoase at Oregon City, charging storage
- -', at the rate oh fitty cents per top tor all
' . whieh remains there over twenty-four
v,?37lnwf"!Bd t"Jhereris often "a delay of
. t boatl Itf,"Hiakrng corinectionV shippers
" . ' are .bprdened.-, with an extraj charged
- which he. escapes by shipping by way
$J$f 2r$&' Wi4'on to which' there
v r r Js, great waatagen handlins; grain and
X T Xpski "it from oriowat to thd other.
- - per cent., epiuiiug buujo onoj at uisi
- -"'pUce to fatten .from "one to
'b wpsa. 9f,,bogs:,pe1M wltfi
- Jtm grain belonging to shippers. On boate
i . passing through tbe locks, all wastage
or extra charges are entirely, avoided.
Jour committee have, the roost positive
assurance from; the, W. R,T..Co.' that
they will remain" onf the river as long as
they are fairly patronized. Your com
mittee ! believing ' that, in, accordance
with a resolution passed by .the.'S6
Convention at jta. last meeting," ''that
it was the imperative' duty of every
farmer, wherever practicable, to patron
ize and in every honorable way, tsup-
Eort and encourage the W, R.. T. Co
a ve given this brancli of the subject a
most thoroueh investigation, and are
now firmly convinced i;the wisdom of
the. coarse recommended in saia .resoiu
tion. .. Zu fact we deem it of paramount
importance that u?' farmers should give
said company eucE encouragement as to
firmly establish them- on the Willamette
river and all -its navigable tributa4s.
to the. end thai- we may jnever in the
future be left to the tender mercy of a
monopoly, iiffli '1!u! "i
. In connection with 'the subject of in
ternal transportation, your committee'
have deemed jt ihe.ir., duty.to gain all
the information they, could in relation
to the navigable streams, and more es
pecially those draining the Willamette
valley. From the best- information we
can gain there is on the Columbia river
Bar at least 24 feet ot water; Tongue
Point, .9 feet? low water 19 feet high;
at St. : Helens, 12 1 feet low water, 18
high; at Swan Island, IT feet low wa
ter; at Willow -Bar, 8 fathoms: ' This
stage of water is whenlhe-river is. at
its Iwwest stage. JkHJ : ,;.'.!!'.'
The following are the principal ob
structions on the Willamette river be
tween Portland and Harrisburgt. r)(1, j
: ' 1st. Independence 1 Bend, tiuckia
mute. Powers' Chute, and Half-moon
Bend. ; ' v-;;,i',- " ;:' ;--
The probable cost of removing them
will, be about $6,000 K d:.. a
2d. Snags between fiorvallfs and
Harrisbnrg, . every mile or two; prob
able cost of removing about $10,000. . .
. 3d. Deepening bars. . . . -': -' yj
Eola Bar, Tickels Bar, anJ others
probable cost ..of deepening channels
from Portland to Eugene Citv, $50,-
Your committee find that the nayiga
tkjn of the:Willamettee:liaB been much
improved by appropriations . heretofore
made by the General .Government, and
would recommend that petitions be cir
culated by every -Farmers' Club in the
State praying for an "appropriation, to
improve the navigation of the . Willam- -ette.and
its , tributaries; and that this
convention memorialize Congress to that 1
effect. . .: ' ..; -
Your committee also find that the
Yamhill river, penerating one of the
finest sections of, country in the State,
is obstructed at its mouth by, a gravel
bar, and at Lafayette 'by ft ledge of
rock running across.eaid river; that said
obstructions can be .easily removed,
and that the improvement of said river
be especially mentioned in petitions
and-meosorials ----- j !5: '.
r . .Yout ooimittee are fully satisfied,
that by perststent efforts Eberal t appro
priations can be obtained of . the Gen
eral Government to make such improve
ments on said rivers, as will make them
navigable for at least ten months of the
year. ... -w.ut.kji um-j, -
( . .. ...... . i i-s-a.
n I he jocks at Uregon City have De
come a subject oLjrast interes.to the
white people -of the. Willamette valley,
and in order to satisfy ihe minds of all,
as to-their efficiency, durability, etc.,
we submit for the consideration of the
Convention,', with this report,' a copy of
,the report of .the engineer constructing,
said works, only ! remarking that tiJ;
time now "required to - pass a, boat
throngh said locks is 40 minutes. .
Your committee cannot bring them-
I , . .... . ... .
ng the attention of farmers and capi
talists to the remarkable facilities for
the construction of canals in many
parts of the State' where cheap". trans
portation is mncb needed for inscabce,
from Spore's ferry, on the McKenzif-vateiWottld-W-28.160 cubic feet
fork of the "Willamette river, to Albany,
a distance Ot 40 miles, presents proba.
bly the-'least' obstruction to jtbe con
struction of a' canal of any : other sec
tion of the same distance,', there' "being
bat. two streams' to cross "and but one
cut of any depth on. the : whole . route
Such a canal Would afford cheap and
easy transportation for; the products .'of,
that section of . the country, so justly,
celebrated for its rich soil, known as
the"; Forks of the Willafleltel' besides
all that section of the nne farming?
eounlry lying north '.of ) JVlclteiiZie's
tork, between it and-the, city. 01 Albany
and. would fdruisU stock water" and' wa-
fcif'pbweremnume'rabld along its whole
route. !
I NfeMER0)i;FicE,''W.T,.C. ic L.Co.
v Mr, B. Goldsmith; President W. F7
G.-&-l!r-Ce. DearSin -I - herewith
submit, ttje folbwing statement as to
points presented' in your letter ot Jan.
34'e iotal length -rf theVvWin. j?" ?;
k ette Falls Canal and Locks is.. 3.000 ft.
CpnslstSng of .approach to firsor j f'-i
,oi1;h.-lockr:..,v.-. ,.:,,... .i 1 rjiQQ ft';
four wb locks, 210 a. ume.iosu j
ridfl,'li.ft. deep,. , . . , .... . , f. 840 ft.
Canal north of guard lock, (50 to .,
t 100 feet ;wide.j ;i,.i4Sit'.;;.;.. l,273lt.
Guard lock, 210 ft. kmg, 40 feet - -wide
210 ft.
Canal and basin south of snrd j!
lock, from 80 to 250ft. wide. j. 1,077 ft.
! Total. V5.f.vV..-ii'; v. v.. i 3)00 ft
The four lift locks are . what are call
ed-. combiued.jkcks, the lower gate of
one serving as the upper gate ot the
lock next below. '. The- walls .are 19
feet in height above . the"' locks' floors,
5 feet wide on the top, with a batter of
3. inchea to the . foot, founded 1 in au
Cases on solid rock, through, which -the
locks are cut. . . -f-'H '
Tie guard locls y all ls"16 feet higli
above Jh -bed. sthe: lock, with tne
same . general dimensions as ( tire lift
locks,---J- A v-''f-'l'
The first; and 'secpiiJIoCks (nortbT
are .cut wholly in .the soli4 rockj and
have as their sides the natutal rock,
with fenders bolted to it, except - around
and below the gates', where masonry is
set in, for the . hollow quoins am). Sup
ports for, the gates. ' itm'"t:i - - o.
,;The third lock is also ut. in tie sol
id rock, but- the walls rise above the
surface, and fenders, with a backing of
three-inch timber, are oolted and .tied
into tterock.,iii iiip"...! V-'" "" "
, The fourth lock is almost entirely
above the rock, and 'has walls of ma
sonry on both sides. 7 tThe guard lock
is , also of masonry ou one; side, ' with
the natural rock on the other, ' and; fen
ders bolted to it, the bearing .fur the
gates being masonry;.1 Both above and
below the ' guard lock the cliff serves
for one side.. of the canal, and the tim
ber, on the other side is founded on the
bed rock," except about- 700 feet- north
of , the guard . lock,- which is built on a
stone wall 8 feet- wide on the top" with 1
a butter.ot 3 inches, and-from 3 to 15
feet deep,, reaching the bed rock below.
The gates are constructed substantially
after the plan of those .of the Monon
gahela "locks being swung by suspen
sion rods passing over-iron -brackets on
the . walls, and . tied into the masonry:
They, do not rest on rollers or tram
ways beneath, and. are easily; worked
by one man. , In each gate are eight
wickets, each 4 by .2 leet, besides two
culverts, leading under jthe sills to carry
off the, mud and : gravel, which might ,
otherwise clog the gates.. 4 .1
. . The stone . of the masonry is-a fine
ground basaltic sand fetone, exceedingly
hard and durable..' The r stone for' the
hollow quoins are of the same charac
ter of rock,' but of . some what different
texture, being obtained from the 'quar
ry of Mr. Baker, on the Clackamas I
.The masonry is laid in hydraulic ce
ment, with no iutermixtnre of ;lime. .
Above the guard ' lock,' the wall on
the eaTt'stdeis of lumber, the beets 5
feet apart, and each bent bolted to the
rock by three iron- rods extending the
full length of the braces. ' . The - whole
timber wall above and below the guard
lock is filled with stone. ' ri i y.i
'' Theimaxrmflm' depth of water ia 7
feet, and when the depth . in -t the canal
above the guard . lock is IeBS than this
the guard lock- gates are left open, but
for greater depths ' boats - must lock
(brough. r '.-:!''.. " '''Z
Boats can' now pass ' through with a
depth of : 15 feet of water on the upper
guard lock gates; and It is designed ta
add an additional rail; so that they can
be passed through with 17J feet of wa
ter.; .When the water is higher than
this, the river cannot be safely : navigat
ed, and such floods rarely occur and
last only for a few days in the year.
; The water power is almost unlimited
in. quantity. i;i "'. ; I -
The lowest depth of water above the
guard is 4 feet 6 inches, and only at
extreme low .water. The fall from low
water above, to low. water below, is 41
feet.. , The water may. be taken from
n-JtheJsasin, aboye the guard, lock,
it Ten. from .the; canal below - the
or tak-
the gnard
iock. f In' the - latter case a current
would be provided through the canal,
depending on the amount of water
taken out, with a depth of 4 feet, and a
depth of 2 miles per. hour; the volume
per minute, whichi with a head of 30
feet to allow for ' back- water below in
rises of the river, would . amount to 1,
600 horse power theoretical, or say 1,
200 horse power actual, if, taken from
the canal at. the. lowest stage. ot water.
.. This could be doubled or trebled by
taking the 'water from above the guard
lock... Between, he guard) lock and the
entrance : to . the. . locks below the falls,
there are over 2000 feet of shore line
with a width baekof frbm'IbO to 300
feet, all well adapted formahufacturing
purposes.' ;,rbe water can also be tak
en froni the canal along thewest - side-of-
the locks' to the shore line below the
locks. ivi.T?: '-'''':"' "Z Z-j 'ts':t
..A, dry dock .may be built at a. ltl,,
cost on the west side J of the' fourth: or
upper lock,, between the lock wall and
bluff, using the lock wallandTthe bluff;
as walls. The depth of cut ting would
be about 5- feet, antl taking Ihe j length;
at 210 feet aud ther.wfdth at 50 feetV
excavation w6u,ld be about $,8Q yardSH
i ;?:f AWiWorks.loiiSjd.erj.be in ex-
cellent condition, j'o All of . the fauridar;
tins, ot both masonry and 'wood work;
are rbhi: splidj rockt'ind, thevlock Moon'
and canal teds fire also of CrockJ f Ev
ery portion of the work is of . the "best
material, and ' carefully built,' arid will
require but little repair.
.vo For the first four or five months there
will necessarily be some work to be per
formed.wbicb, belongs more properly to
constructioa than to namteaance. , Af
ter 4hat l think ,$600 , pe-.annum will
cover thfta ordinary.': repairs, j I ' think
the masonry "will lastfor n ' indefinite
period, and the timber "work ler.irom
eight to ten , years, as all., the., lumber
used has been carefully selected and is
of the best quality. , v.i t
' If desired a BAtnenw.aJljcould be erect;'
ed bove the guard lock, witnout.susr
pending navigation.' x tmnK tna one
SuperintendeDti atfromlOO; to $125
per. month,' and two lock tenders,-at $50
each J wmM be ' sufficient' to tend: the
: iTher isn qttestioo .but:tfkt freight
can be . .taken tbrougb . the canal and
locks at lower j rates than by rail or
through the works. at Oregon City.', .
"-.In a densely populated country, with
level, grades, , railroads may compete
wite steamboats, but ' when the quantity-is
compartively small, and the grade
' such ts are on ordinary ronds, the cost
m inver er canal navigation is not more
than half what it is by rail, r n :n.A
. In the. report .of . the -New York State
Engineer for 869, .the following ; plater
ment is made as to ; comparative cost of
freight4y-anal and rail: t ' f t, ,(
Actual cost' by -canal. Including j ''' ' ' - '-'
h purchase and repairs of boats 1
supposed ta last-tea -years, , ,?-,f.i
witbinterestPon same, and j .fc if .
. expenses of crew and to Wing I '" '
V per ton per mile. .t. .-.. 4.C1 lUills.
tamer's profit. ..,.,.. .r.u..l.6S "
Tolls... I.....-..".... ,..4.38, ...
TOmTcost per toffer fnlTerby
caRaKf.-..1!.. ......10.64; ,"
Total cost -during years 18.65, i
1868 and- 1807 per ton iper
mile on the New York Cen- : -
tral Kailroad.'.-J V.i.'...'i. ...29.20 "
Erie BaUread :.V. ?.M, .241.20 '
It is true that the comparatively "small
amount of freights in the country would
not justify the above rates, but the di-(
minisbed quantity would be more to tne
disadvantage of the railroad than of the
river navigation..: v.l..-w Uiih .UUi'.ti :
. 1 tflinfc tbat the bulk of the , freight
from the Willamette'.VaJley 'must - pass
through tne loess, ..put- lor .some, time
TailadwilL take
off a. portion,, aft,ad Hime will be re
quired to develop' the' couatry, At
present I doubt whether the trade' .will
b3 safficientT to- rpaT' interest on the
tnf the sTunount expended 'in construc
tion. 1 have not, boweyer, a sumcient
knowledgelof Ete business cf Oregon to
enable Jtie to form an opinion.. Respect
fully yours, ' Isaac W. Smtth,- ;
Jjneineer and bupennteudent. - -
On motion of Mr. Minto a committee
,of Jhree was apppiotedjtoaft a me
morial to Congress in accordance with
the above suggestions. The committee
consisted of Messrs. Minto, Ruble , and
Binehart. or Tovr-rjorrr X i ; ... .,"
Mr. Clark offered the ' following res
olution,' which' was, on motion adopted :
.- Besolved,! That the various ' clubs
throughout the State be requested,
through their1 Secretaries, to : inform
this Union, from timei to time, as to the
amount of . concentrated prodncts for
which a market is sought.' i - r
jrMri Ruble offered the-, following res
olution, which was adopted: j v. i - i
Resolved." That this Convention do
now proceed to elect the officers of the
btate Boaro. 105 tne ensuing year. 1 : g
. ELECTION OF OFFICERS J
Nominations being in order the fol
lowing gentlemen were nominated for
President ; r Messrs. , Wilkins, Daven
port. Clark and Curry .1
i Mr. Wilkins declined the nomination.
Daniel Clark, 1 ef Marion, was elected
President on the first ballot.
The following gentlemen we're placed
ia nomination , for Vice Presidents :
Messrs. Walker Ruble, Curry,! Kelly,
Minto and Townsend. - i
Jno. Kelly and W. R. Walker were
.duly elected.; . . .j i
JV Henry Brown, of ; Salem, was
unanimously elected 'Recording Secre-
taiy. '-n't .! of 10;
J . H. Smith, of Harrisbnrg, was also
unanimously 'chosen Corresponding
Secretary. . ;'TO V.''M ?
1. U Davidson, of oalem, was duly
elected as Treasurer'; - ? : ! . .
T. W Davenport and John Minto
were elected members of the Board 'of
Directors,-but owiDg to the fact that
loth were from Marion county," Mr.
Minto resigned and H. Hewitt of Yam
hill county, was elected in his place,
au& Jesse Stump : .was elected i as the
remaining member of the .Board.
MrUurrv ottered the folio wins reso
lution, which was on motion adopted
j'SesolediVTha.i the' chair appoint the
'following' Committees, consisting ; of .five
members eacbj the member. itbereot to
hold their ofEoes for one year : A Com-,
mittee on-F-arm Produce ; Farm Sup-,
plieBjnTranpoxtatiQn V" iM arke t ; 1 Fi--nance
; vConference. having a kindred
object withythe Oregon Eanners'TJnion;
FarmvMachiaery, and Legislation-?4
Second, 1 bat these Committees re
port this' result 'of their investigation
irooa timwto timeTothe.?Secretary -of
theuioandltiit; ;tbe 'BoArdi of i; Df
rectors shall have authority- to ealtupqo
ahy;,pectaji jsbj ecfe which iha', Joacdcot
Directors may &sir& information upon.
-.Third, That" the Secretary forward
toach nsembftl' dt committee a list
of the names of the committee with
him and forward to the Chairman of
each committee, a copy ;'of any -resolu
tion reterred to it tor investigation, .,
Mr. Dimick intioduced the following
resolution and moved its adaption ! "'
n -Resolved, That it : is the opinion of
this Codvention that the people of Ore
eon ought to adopt, as sjooq as possible;
the national currency as the circluating
medium, ottbicountry and that . as a
necessary preliminary Step toward such
a consummation we demand the repeal
or tne "epecinc contract .Law"; now
upon our statute books." ." 1 ., ,t ..
A motion- was made to refer the reso-
lutroa tothe laegislativb Comtnittee.' ,
.The members, indulged in, a lengthy
qiscussion and it created not little 'sen
sation among the delegates present.:' jl
T Mr. Srr.ith considered the Convention
inclined to agitate a question rather
out' of their 'line. ' it' beinff 'a, iriuestmn
that would naturally come befoire'' the
State Legislatureit-t.iiS:, ; '. ' m
Messrs. Engle, Downing and,. others
supported the resolution and were, in
clined to sanction its consideration..
,:. It:was finally referred "io the Com
mittee on Finance -to report at the -next
session, -j. -0 , H
Mr. Crawford introduced the , follow
ing resolution, which was, . on motion,
adopted : t ,.'' ''.'.;".' s. ... "J '
Resolved, J That a committee ot five
be appointed by the Chair1 whose duty
it shall be to confer with the committee
of , the United States Senate,' now in
vestigating the subject of freights' on
produce' within aud 1 from' the United
States,' and that such committee report
its doings at its earliest, convenience. to
tne President of this organization. '. , .,
Mr. Mintp reported the following res
olution, which was, on motion, referred
to the Committee bhFinance: , ,- ' -! w,-
Whekeas,' We, the farmers of Ore
gon, have ' by past' experience felt the
destructive and injurious effects of con
tentions between rival: transportation '
companies; when rich, (powerful' -and
unscrupulous, companies' have succeed
ed in dr ying off weaker companies, or
forcing" hehi to sell their property and
' Whereas, We believe that the pow
er bf law: may be justly applied to pro
tect the ' weak' against " the5 stropg .-3 in
business - as "' well as : Other relations;
therefore;' - ' ' "'-' I ' '
Resolved, Tbat -we are !h! favor of
legislation r to - limit 'to i within1 ten' per
cent. o tfe lowest ratea-oft -trejgbt tar-:
iff whichVsaid : companies may . adopt,
anil, fn nnnl.sih a a ATbvttinn .' an if piirri nw
1 . r . ' p r 1 . . ' - .
rise 01 ireigni tana m cases wnere tuey
may succeed in crushing out opposition;
and we would also invoke the aid of the
law to punish as extortion any; charge
upon freight in small quantities . which
shall be lore than 25 per cent, above
the charges upon freight ia large "quan
tities. y; ; !; 1;
':" i-' STANDING' eOMklTTEEa. i .1 ;
I .The President "inadec the following
appointments of standing committees
for the ensuing yeart'i s& t - -is I ' " '
Farm Products Geo. B. Curry, F.
X, Matthieu , D v p, , Stewart, I-- Case
and. JI,,.W.ilkins,.ifa! r .,.!, 1n j:, ,n . .
Farm Supplies John T. Crooks, J.
Engle, T. P. Powers, Jeff. Morrison and
rj.n;. -3 1 hi : - i
ITS lUffUDCUU, (' , -. .. ! f.
'Transportation J1. H. Smith j Phillip
Low, J." B.' Stump, Titos'. Edwards and
Geo. W: Dimick. i:""ii' .y-.' j ,
' Domestic Manufacture John Minto.
Fanning,' ilaley,' Downing,' Davenport.
- tjn Markets JLiaugbiin, tj. 12. Moor,
M: Fisk, R..C. Geer and Nelson. Wj J
'" OrrFinanee -AJ D. Babcock, J.. Da
vis, CV P. Burkhart, WJ C. Brown and
Thomas Pearcei '" "
On Conference J. B. Stump; T.W.
Davenport, jT. Smith and Ruble ' Fin-
layson. epi-j ; iMW ! ,iU1 8
1 Mr. Ruble introduced the following
resolution, which on motion was' adopts
Resolved, That the compensation of
.- r
ihe Recording Secretary: shall $3 per
day for each day's attendance! on the
Union ; or qn; the Board of Directors,
and 15i cents per folio for all writing by
said Union oriSoard ot Jjjrectors wbile
not in Bessionnaqd also the. cost of any
book or books necessary for the j duties ,
of his office,, ,;, ot-rr i t i
' Resolvedr That the jQorresponding
Secretary of the State Board be direct
ed to 'correspond, with the mill men of !
England' with a view bf opeuing a di-
rect trade with them tor Cur wheat so
as to 'avi1 ihe exorbitant Charges of
thewmraercial houses- of that' Country .
Jar. Haley introduced ttaei: following
resolution,! which; was on motion ' adopt-'
edij i- iicrrii;.fisiij..iiioi -.h no tatL'vta
WhebeAs, From present indications
wool dealers .do ao( intend: fo give liv
ing ratesi'for -the DresentrcroDf of wool:
Resolved,. !h& , we recommend 'the!
wool growers pf Oregon ,1,0. put their
WU1,IU gUUU .tXHlUli.IOU,- BLOFO ILPl HDpie
or jn their warehouses or other plceof
deposit,' and hold the same. , j .
. MrjStoats" introduced' the followlngT
which was 'aappted; t-rs.?tiu j ;
Resolved, That whetf this tJnioii ad
journ it adjourn to . meet in this bailor
Ihe-Alonday of the week in "which the.
: JThe Committee orilMeniorial to Con
gress submitted the following report,'
wlvicn was on motion adopted
XolM Senate and House of Repre--
sentalives iff 'Congress Uisltiitledl We,
your memorialists, farmert "of Oregon
in convention assembled ;ia4he city of
Salem, June 12, ISt.l.wqpkl respect
fully represent that we. are inhabitants1
of a district of our " common country
embracing the counties Of Ma!rion, Yam
hill, Polk, Benton; Linn aa&'Lane, and
that said counties are rieh mt agricultu
ral resources, developed ; and undevel
oped, which makes this a center of pro
duction at" pfe8ent"''and,prQspectively
second to no district- of' the Bame area
in the Uni;ed States; that climattt
and conditions surrounding tkis district
e such that it has never yet during
the , thirty years of - settlement
and cultivation failed to yield remuner
ative ' crtps X to the - cuhivatbr; that In
seasons, when crops fail i f rm lack of
rain in (Ja'ifornia this district, is a never
failing source of , supply, to jtbie popuhv
tion'south of it, thus making the facili
ties for moving CropH. bf-iriiportance to
the ''people of the 'entire tedast and of
vital importance to ua aa Snhabitants of
the country;-that the facilities for trans
portation of crops from tbis istrlct af-'
forded by the' Willamette " river and its
tributaries'' are'1 available a 'portion ef
the year only and that an expenditure '
of $55;000 in the .Willamette and $10,
000 in the YamhilU and . $10,900 in the
Luckiamuto rivers for the purpose of
improving the' facilities for' 'transporta
tion upon the 1 various' streams would
render them navigable the entire year.
We woull, therefore, ask you, as the
guardians of the. best interests of the
nation, to remember these facts in your
annual appropriations for' such purposes,
Mr.'Ciirry introduced the followintf
resolution,, which was agreed; to t
. Resolved, , That the committee on
Markets be ' instructed to investigate
and report' at the ''next' 'meeting, in a
.tabular form, the 'amount aud' value ot
produce , exported from '.Oregon, the im
ports of the State, and also,' the costs
of producing exportable commodities
in the State, including Stafe and coun
ty taxesi life,' fire and marine Insurance,
interest cn capital invested, and capital
procured from abroad. , . rll
.Mr. Ruble iatroducedj the following,
"which was'adopted : , .
; 'Resolved, That the J State Board b
directed to solicit and. open ioVrespond- ;
ence with the farmers of thd State who
wish to make direct shipments on their
own account, the obyectbeing to ascer
tain in a tangible way p the axount ot, ,
strrpfos avarlable- fof Such 'purpose, so -that
if a favorable Opportunity offers
to secure vessels at reasonable rates
direct shipments may be made and re
port the same to this Union at, its next
meeting. " " "' " " ' ' ."
The following resolution was adopt
, Resolved, That the Secretaiy be au
thorised . to : have , twq hundred
copies of 'the Constitution hnd By-Laws
prlntedin pamphlet form;, "at an expense
not exceeding $200 f but in case the ex-
pense exceeds this sum, the - printing to
be postponed until some future time. .,
'" "Also the following.: .irT V5 ..i
' ' Resolved!, That a committee from each
county irr the State be appbirTtfed by the
President to report to the' Board of Di
rectors what the annual loss ! of sheet)
are by , dogs, wolves and isease, and to
report on such, under separate headings.
"''The President appointed' the follow
ing gentlemen as members of such com
mittee : r' :.-t! v a ua sJ Vt&ta
T. L. Davidson, Marion cdnnty ; Mr.
Laughlin, Yamhill,; Mrf Crooks, Linn ;
ington ; Mr. Elliott, Clackamas ; E. K.
Dvfur, Wasco ; Jacob Fiaejr, Umatilla;
Fred Schumacher,-, : Union jJ W. C.
Meiers, JacTtsqn. .',
-i Mr Davidson i offered the' Tollowinir
resolutioii.'whieh' was b&oplei V
i j&sofved; bat at -the producers ot
wheat in the Willamette Valley-can re
ceive satisfactory proof that a saving of
expense-, and wastage of wheat in it
transportation' to the seaboard can be
had by sending it directly for shipment
or storage 'to A'storiar mutually
pled ge Ourselves to ship to that point.
-William-Ruble introduced the follow
ing, and moved its adoption.isov .
Resolved, Tba.t we woujd. respectful
ly call the attention of the debtors and
creditors of our own country torthe pro-
prfety 6f 'Siting4 the "pay, my' growing"
oat ot their respective transactions at a
later period Df the year so .'as-; 'to give
tbe produeer-tbe beneh or . the. ; nse or
the. market. Adopted., f, f f
' ;There being no further "business, the
Union adiouraed to:: medt 'egain in this
hall the. Monday in' Fair Week f Sep
tember next .r ti -.(il ,T'iw
- UIMAA1 XJJTXXKfM UaO,UCCU vvtucu 1U
Ne; York if Governor DiilThe bill
proposed to allow each1 Community to
decide-by a vote of - the peoplei whe ther,
within their respective bounds, the traf
fic in liquor should or should pot be li
censed.' It was vetoed on constitntion
al grounds.' -X' " v - "
n he trialf Boss 'T wc.ed ., has been
postponed ' tUT October," in ' consequence
of the illness'of his' counsel iA
The Bank of England has increased
its circulation 6, 000,000
James latem, .Folk; Jen Morrison,
Clatsop" f Mi Wilkins,1 ijan6 ;; iThoma
Smith, DouglaS ;.' W. -A. Mills', Wash

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