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OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE STATE OFFICIAL PAPER FOR BENTON COUNTY Corvallis, June 20, 1879. W. I. CARTER, BENTONJCOUNTY. The future of our county was nev er so bright and hopeful as at the present. The acreage sown to certals is much larger than in any former year, and the prospects for an abun dant harvest are flattering in the ex treme. The health of the people was never better, in fact, almost perfect. The grass is unusually fine, and our flocks and herds are in excellent con dition. All these advantages, with a fair prospect for good prices for grain, at harvest, there are good reasons why our outlook should not be lull of promise. But, aside from all thif there are other considerations and conditions that conspire to make Benton county one of the most attractive and de sirable counties in. this State. It is the central county of the great Wil lamette valley the garden of the Pacific coast. Its entire eastern line, north and south, is swept by the ma jestic Willamette, whose broad bos om, during the greater portion of the year, bears the products of the val ley to the Columbia and thence to the ocean, while its western line is washed by the breakers of the Pa cific. Corvallis, its beautiful shire town, is situated about its center north and south but upon the extreme eastern verge. Immediately west, and within about sixty miles, nature has provided one of the best harbors on the entire coast between San Francisco and the straits of Fuca. We might, with propriety, say three harbors, Cape Foul weather, Yaquina Bay and Alsea Bay. Tne two former have been surveyed by government sud light houses erected there. Since these facts have become known to the public, the eyes of this entire coast, as well as those of the Atlantic States and England, are turned toward Benton county, and millions of capital is now seeking investment here. Instead of eontrn aing one of the interior counties of this State, little and unknown, we are upon the eve of unprecedented prosperity. We hold the natural outlet to the ocean to the markets of the world of Idaho, Montana, Eastern Oregon, and Northern Cali fornia. Give us the harbor of refuge at Cape Foul weather, or Yaquina Bay, and in less than five years will spring up there a mart of commerce that -will be ajnarvel in the eyes of the whole world. Already the initiatory steps are being taken for founding a city that is-destined in the near fu ture, to rival Portland. The people of Benton county do not begin to realize the important position they occupy. If they did, they would arouse to action, complete the first section of their short line of road, which would insure the remainder. If those who now own the land, and hold the keys to this grand ocean out let, do not intend to do anything themselves, they should give place to those of enterprise and capital, who will push forward the great ear of improvement. The transportation of this coast is bow in process of a grand revolution. Just what the next twelve months will develop, no human being can foretell. Be that as it may, Benton county holds the natural outlet of this valley to the ocean. Will we sit idly by, and allow it to remain undeveloped for the next quarter of a century ? It is said, "straws indicate the direction of the wind." The follow ing short extracts from ? wo of our valley cotemporaries, will serve to how the popular feeling on this har bor of refuge question : We learn that a corps of surveyors will be put at each end of the narrow gauge rail road, and that the road will be put through to Portland on the northeast and Yaquina Bay on the southwest. Lafayette Cornier. It is currently reported that an agent of Jay Gould recently visited Cape Fouhveaher. Jay Gould desires to reach the Pacific ocean st some favorable point with the narrow auge railroad he is now building down Inake river. He has already purchased the railroads (the 0. & C. and the Oregon Cen tral) leading out of Portland, and it is hrewdly suspected he intends making Cape Foulweather his western terminus. It of fers every inducement for so comprehensive a genius as Jay Gould. At Cape Foulweather he would have a natural harbor where ships could take on grain in the fall with perfect safety from the cars, whether government builds a harbor of refuge or not ; and if the harbor of refuge is located there, then per fect safety is secured all the year round in the ioading and unloading of vessels at that point If Jay Gould ha3 his eye on Cape Foulweather as the western terminus of bis railroad scheme, then the Central Valley will not be long without railroad facilities to that point. Albany Register. FROM CAPLWINANT. Alameda, June 8th, 1879. Ed. Gazette : I wrote you last week a hurried letter enclosing a no tice from the Alta in regard to the meeting of the Board of Engineers for the Papc coast, for the purpose of locating the proposed Harbor of Refuge. I then suggested the im portance of having seme one to attend the meeting of the board in the inter est of Cape Foulweather. I have re ceived no response to my letter, but I presume I will in due time. How ever, since writing the said letter, I have seen Col. Williamson, and also visited the board while in session, and am fully convinced that no one will have influence who cannot pre sent facts and figures and strong rea sons in support of their opinions. The board evidently aims to obtain correct information, and will, I think, act without fear, favor or bias of any kind in locating this very important work. So far this is satisfactory, and yet it is just possible that Cape Foul weather may be almost unnoticed for the want of some one to present the proper facts and informantion. I have therefore taken upon myself the re sponsibility of supplying this want so far as I am able, and with this view attended the sitting of the board on the 6th inst, when the first examin ations were made. I heard three coasting captains examined. One advocated Crescent City, the other two Cape Arago (Coos Bay,) but I noticed that none of them were able to give information concerning Cape Foulweather. And I noticed that the engineers seemed anxious for such in formation, as they asked each of them questions about that locality. One important incident occurred regard ing Yaquina Bay, which I thought too important to be overlooked, and for that reason I have directed the at tention of the board to it, and shall try and do so more fully when I come before them for examination. One captain who was advocating Coos Bay stated that during the win ter of 1878 several vessels were seen off Coos Bay in distress, but that they could not ente, and no assistance could be rendered them. One he mentioned in particular, the Lizzie Madison. The question was then asked, " What became of her ?" And he answered, " She got into Yaquina Bay." To my mind this single fact was worth more, and ought to weigh more, in favor ef Yaquina than all the arguments or theories that could be offered. In a note to the board, I called at tention to it, and stated further that Yaquina Bay was probably the only harbor on the coast between San Francisco and Cape Flattery that a small vessel could enter in heavy southerly weather, and that if the channel could be deepened sufficiently to permit the larger class of coasting vessels to enter, the whole problem of a Harbor of Refuge wouid be solv ed, for we would then have a harbor of sufficient capacity to accommodate all the vessels on the coast. I am in clined to think the board will not overlook this idea, and it may be dis covered that a very small proportion of the money required to build a har bor would, if applied to the mouth of the Yaquina, make one perfectly se cure and accessible in all kinds of weather. But as I expect to be call ed before the board in a few days to give my views, I will close for the prestnt, and will write you further as soon as I hear anything important or worth writing. . I remain yours truly, J. J. WlNANT. RAILROAD JO THE SEA. That Eastern Oregon and a por tion of Idaho and Montana are to have an outlet to the sea, by rail in the near future, there can be no doubt, and the much talked of Winnt-mucca road bids fair to be the favored route. The Astorian of the 13th inst., seems in high glee over the prospect of the early completion of that road to As toria. In that event we desire to see Corvallis at least a way station. Bro. Ireland, in a double-leaded leader, says : Messrs. Pobb and Bowlby, the commit tee appointed to make a canvass of the city yesterday, in the interest of the Astoria and Winneroucca Railroad Company, secured ten thousand dollars in subscriptions to the capital stock. One gentleman in the city pledges himself to subscribe ten thousand dollars more, and several others whom the committee have not been able to meet, as yet, will probably double the sum already taken in a few days. This will be sufficient guarantee that the work will be commenced, and when it is once begun it will not atop, until the railroad is built. The Suez canal is eighty-eight miles in length. Of this, sixty-six miles are canal proper and the remainder through lakes. The canal is on the sea level, and, with the harbors, cost $100,000,000. . The difficulties at Pan ama are in the way of mountains. and uncertain elements enter into the experiment which were not consider ed at Suez. SPICY LETTER FROM CALIFORNIA. Vaccaviixe, Salinas Co., ) Cal., June 9, 1879. J Ed. Gazette : I though't it might not be uninteresting to yon to get a line from an old Oregonian, away down in the dust and heat of Cali fornia. The prosperity of this coun try for the last 10 years has been vi brating between the rise and fall of stocks, and uncertain wheat crops, sometimes total failures. Everything 6eems uncertain there are railroads every where; facilities for doing busi ness are good, but little to ship, and nobody to travel. There is plenty of money here, but it is locked up in the coffers of the few. There seems to be a feeling of insecurity prevail ing all over the State. Men of means say they will not let their money circulate until they see what kind of a Legislature they elect this fall ; and if they elect men that will carry out the meaning ol the new Consti tution to the letter, they will be forced to leave the State. On the other hand, the new Constitution people say, that the C. P. railroad and other great monopolies have sinched the life and substance out of the laboring class and brought ruin and poverty on the land. I think they are right. What does it profit a man if he work hard all summer and go without shoes in the winter? Prospects for wheat are anything but flattering in this section. A gentle man told me, this morning that this (Salina) county would fall short five thousand tons from last year. Rust ! Rust ! is what's the matter. the harbor commission Met in San Francisco last Thursday. I hope that the interests of the upper Willamette will be represnted by some one before that Board. Of course the Portland Board of Trade will have agents there, with plenty of money, and that will have a moving effect on the location. If there is not room enough behind the wreck of the Great Republic for a good harbor; there is a place near Galves ton, Texas, that would suit them better than any other place, except the mouth of the Columbia river. TEMPERANCE. A temperance man won't "smile" much to travel over this country. I have not been in a hotel in this State that there was not a gin mill in the best room in the house. Just think of it ! In Napa City, about the size of Salem, 107 liquor licenses granted by the county court. I heard the celebrated Francis Murphy, at Piatt's Hall. He is a fine talker, doing a great deal of good here, I hope he will take in Oregon before he leaves the coast. POLITICS. There will be four parties in the field, at the coming election in Sep tember, Republican, Democrat, New Constitution with the Chronicle as leader, Working Men with Denis Kearney. With four tickets, the Republicans will elect everything ; (i. e.) if they do not get struck with the rust, like the wheat in this coun try ; but there is no telling, at pres ent, what combinations may be made. There is a bitter fight between Kear ney and the De Youngs. I cannot understand the cause of it. Some one said it was about a box of black ing, or a bunch of tooth picks, or something else which the public is but little interested in. Suffice it to say, that every thing here is in a very unsettled condition. Nothing will do to bet on but the climate; there is more climate to the square inch than any place in the world ex cept Fort Mead, Arizona. At St. Helena, last week, the thermometer stood 113 in the shade. The land lady said it would have been 120, if it had been much warmer, and I be lieve she was right. Yours truly. C. COMMENCEMENT CEREMONIES. The commencement exercises of the Medical Department of the Wil lamette University took place at the Taylor Street M. E. church, in Port land on the evening of the 11th inst. The commencement address was de livered by Dr. Abram Sharpies, Prof, of Surgery. Rev. J. L. Parrisb, President of the Board of Trustees, in the absence of President Gatch, presented diplomas to the following ladie9 and gentlemen ; H. O. Williams, Junction City; H. W. Cox, E. D. Hoyt and Mrs. J. P. Parish, of Salem ; J. F. Hendriz, Harrisburg ; E. M. Brown, Forest Grove ; Mrs. E. L. Year gain, St Helens; Mr3. Callie Charlton, East Portland, and Mr. R. M. Osborne, late of Eugene, now of Salinas City, California. A stream of lava is again moving down the slopes of Mount iEtna. The lava stream of 1669 undermined and carried off great hills on which were vineyards and cornfields. It destroyed twenty towns and villages, and, after a run of fifteen miles, poured into the sea a fiery current six hundred yards wide and forty feet deep. FROMTHECAPITAL. Salem, June 18th, 1879: Dear Gazette : The weather con tinues cool and; pleasant, and the capital is unusually lively hotels are crowded and wherever you turn, you are greeted with the squeal, "This way to the fair ground," which forcibly reminds one of "lair time,' if not fair weather. The annual reunion of the Pioneer Association and the fifteenth annual session of the Grand Lodge of Good Templars, occurring yesterday, at this place, as well as a Grange Con vention to-day, calls an unusually large crowd ot people together and everybody is happy. Our time is principally occupied with the business of the Grand Lodge, although we took a spin, last evening, to the fair ground, and spent an hour or so in listening to the thrilling adventures and humor ous remniscences of some ot the ear ly pioneers, who participated in res cuing this lovely and heaven-favored land from wilderness wilds and civil izing the noble red men of the forest. Time will not permit us (we have only time for a few thoughts) to go into detail of what we saw and heard but will suggest that Joe Watt contributed bis usual quota of fun for the occasion. Long live the Pioneers and may their annual reunions in crease in interest and numbers each succeeding year. The attendance was large, and the addresses were full of interest. The ball appeared to be a success, judging from the number eneaced in " tripping the light fantastic." Over a hundred and twenty dele gates, from different parts of the state, were in attendance upon the Grand Lodge, the first day, and still they come. We had a most profita ble and pleasant " love feast " meet ing with Dashaway Lodge on Mon day evening visiting members be ing present from various parts of the jurisdiction, all bringinjj words of cheer. Everything indicates a very pleasant and harmonious session. Election ot officers takes place at 2 p. m., to-day, .public installation and jubilee meeting this evening. We will have to defer report till next issue. C. Grand Lodge. The annual ses sion of the Grand Lodge of Good Templars for Washington Territory, was held at Port Townsend, and closed on the 11th inst. The follow ing officers wer elected for the ensu ing year : N. D. Hull, C. T. -r W. Baybould, Con. ; Louisa C. Calvert, V. T. ; A. Weir. Sec. ; W. H. Rob erts, T. ; Franklin Kennedy, super intendent of juvenille templars. The next meeting will be held at Olympia, June 18, 1880. IN MEMORIAM. The following proceedings and resolutions of the Alumni .Association of the State Ag ricultural College, were furnished us- for last week's Gazette, by the secretary, but were mislaid, by the editor, in consequece of ill ness, and hence the disappointment. Ed. Gazette- ' ' Corvallis, May 28, 1879. At a meeting of the Alumni Association of the State Agricultural College, the fol fowing resolutions were adopted : Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to remove from our midst our beloved bro ther, Isaac Jacobs, by the hand of death ; and Whereas, His character was one of such courteous kindness that he gained the es teem and confidence of all who knew him ; and Whereas, He so used his talents that he reflected great credit upon himself, his teachers and this association, therefore be it Resolved, That in him we have lost an honored and faithful member of our associa tion, and one who bid fair to become one of its brightest minds had his life been spared. Resolved, That we ever cherish the mem ory of his many virtues, and of our pleasant associations with him. Resolved, That we tender our heart-felt sympathy to his bereaved parents and their family in their affliction, admonishing them to be comforted by the hope that his life is bettered by the change. Resolved, That we forward a copy of these resolutions to his parents and to the Corval lis Gazette for publication, and the same be spread upon the minutes of this meeting. N. A. Thompson, 1 Mary J. Harris, Com. J. R. Bryson. ) Hugh McN. Finley, V;ce Pres. W. C. Crawford, Sec. 0REQ0N STATE MEDICAL SOCIETY. 8iyth annual meeting. Hall of Medical Dep't Willamette ) University, Portland, June 12, 1879. ) The sixth annual meetinauybe Oregon State Medical Society wail Kin the city of Portland, commencing;Mpaay, June 12th and 13th at two o'cToeP: M. , Presi dent H. Carpenter in the chair. An interesting address of welcome was extended, to the society by W. B. Card well, M D., of this city. The membership of the society now num bers 89, a large number of the members be ing present at this meeting. The following persons were received as active members : Drs. James Brown of Roseburg, J. R. Bay ley of Corvallis, Miss Callie Charlton of East Portland, F. G. Canthorn of Corvallis, E P. Frazer of Portland, George R. Farra of Corvallis, A J. Giesy of Aurora, J. F. Hendrix of Harrisburg, J. D. Hoyt of Sa lem, Wm. Jones of Portland, H. V. V. Johnson of McMinnvile, J. B. Lee of Cor vallis, Mrs Jennie L. Parrish of Salem, W. S Tharp of McMinnville, H. O. Williams of Junction City, and Mrs. E. L. Yeargain of St Helens. As the membership of this society is open to all regular graduates in good standing, and as it is the only method the physicians of one portion of this state have of judging of the standing of persons in distant por tions, it wa unanimously voted that after the first day of July, 1880, it will be con sidered unprofessional and irregular for members of this society to consult or prac tice with any person- not a member, pro-vided-such person shall have been in the state over one year. This is the universal rule of all medical societies, and has only been omitted by this society in order to en able all physicians to unite wi,h us. Any member who disregards this rule after that time is liable to be called to account by this society. . ? Following are the officers for the ensuing year : President, D. B. Rice, M. D., Albany. Vice president, W. B. Card well, M. D., Portland. Librarian, Curtis C. Strong, M. D., Port land. Permanent Sec., Curtis C. Strong, M. D., Portland. Corresponding Sec, W. H. Saylor, M. D., Portland. Mreasurer, R. GlisaH M. D., Portland. BOARD OE CENSORS. Watkins, M. D., Portland, Wm. H. chairman. H. R. Littlefield, M. D., Portland. F. B. Eaton, M. D., Portlands H. Logan, M. D., The Dalles. C. H. Merrick, M. D., Canyonville. COMMITTEES. Practical Medicine and Medical Literature Drs. Watkins, Strong, Rex, Payton and McAfee. Surgery Drs. Littlefield, Saylor, Carpen ter and Sharpies. Obstetrics Drs. Glisan, Reyolds, Bayley, Hendrix, Mrs. Parrish. Medical Topography, Meterology, Endem ics and Epidemics Drs. Merrick, Hill, Richardson, Baker and Jessup. On the Therapeutic Resources of the North Pacific Coast Drs. Rex, Eaton, J. B. Lee, J. A. Giesy and F. G. Bailey. Public Hygiene and State Medicine Drs. W. B. Cardwell, Williams, Holmes, A. I. Nicklin and Frazer. Mental Diseases and Medical- Jurispru dence Drs. Frazer, Merrick, Tharp, Brown and Hoyt. . Medical Education Drs. P. Harvey, Kitchen, J. E. Payton, Hall and Johnson. Publicatation Drs. Plummer, Cardwell and Strong, ex-offivio. Committee of Arrangements Drs. Card well, Josephi, Plummer and Watkins. Portland was re-elected as the place for the next annual meeting. The medical men of the society and of the state were urged to form county or nis trict medical societies, as recommended by the American Medical Association. The members presented a number of cas es, which were freely and ably discussed, and much interest was shown in this mat ter, as some of the physicians of this city, with commendable zeal, presented their pa tients, who made it much more interesting and valuable. The retiring president read his address, and a large number of papera were present ed, which were led and properly referred. The superior merit of these two papers is especially to be noted, as showing a com mendable degree of painstaking effort of the members to present papers of marked value to the profession. TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. EASTERN. The Republicans of Iowa have nominated Gov. Gear for re-election. Advices from all parts of northern Ohio indicate a two-thirds crop of wheat. The prospects are that the corn crop will be a failure, the cause of which is the long dry weather which has prevailed in this region previous-to last week. There will probably be a fair yield of potatoes. Fruits will be very light. A petition signed by 30,000 persons, ask ing that executive clemency be extended to Reynolds, the Utah polygamist, has been presented to the cabinet. Libbie Caufield, first wfie of John W. Young, eldest son of the deceased Mormon prophet, has left the festive John because he took a second wife. Libbie will devote her attention to managing her farm near Salt Lake City, and loolf after the small desire to treat them as handsomely as we prophets. .North Adams, Mass., was visited by a disastrous freshet on the 14th. the loss is estimated at $150,000. The house labor committee will visit San Francisco and other leading western cities after adjournment, to take further testi mony. PACIFIC COAST By change of route of the N. P. R. R. through Washington Territory, four million acres of land is restored to the public. The total vote on the new constitution in California was 145,212. Majority for the constitution, 10,825. Another revolution is reported in Mexico. Gen. Negret, commanding the army, pro nounced against President Diaz and left the capital. Three thousand adherents of the president are " camping on the track" of the rebel. Congress has disbanded. DR. BAYLEY'S RETURN. Many of our eitizens were greatly sur prised, last Saturday morning; at seeing Dr. Bayley upon our streets, as it was generally supposed that he was on his way to meet the Board of Engineers for the Pacific coast at San Francisco, to present the claims of Cape Foulweather as the most available point for a harbor of refuge. Upon inter viewing the Doctor, we learned that upon meeting Col. Gillespie, one of the Board, he was informed that the principal object of the sitting of the Board in San Francisco was to hear arguments in favor of points along the California coast, and that Oregon would be favored by a sitting of the Board, at which the interests of our coast could be more readily presented. The Doctor imme diately telegraphed the other delegates, to this effect, which caused a postponement of the proposed visit to San Francisco. It is generally understood, now, that the Board contemplate making personal examin ation of the various points proposed for the breakwater, before making selection of the point. This is as it should be. Such ex an mi nation is worth more than all the rec ommendations that could be presented. Let each point rest on its- own merits, and we are satisfied that Cape Foulweather, or Yaquina Bay, will be selected, from the fact that it is to be selected not merely as a harbor of refuge, but with a view of best subserving the " local and general interests of commerce." How could this latter be better subserved than by opening an outlet to the commerce of this state in the very center of the great Willamette valley, which has the further ad vantage of being the nearest and best shipping point for all of Eastern Oregon ? What is the sense of talking about reaching the waters of the Columbia river, when the immense com merce of Eastern Oregon can reach the ocean, at a good, safe harbor, much nearer and cheaper ? Salem Statesman : Mr. D. D. Prettyman brought into our office yesterday a bunch of orchard grass, all from the same root, con taining 270 stalks, averaging five feet in height. COME INTO COURT AND BE CONVICTED BY YOUR OWN EVIDENCE. Ed. Gazette : A man, whose name I shall call Mr. Dorherty, asks the following questions : " Do you believe that the bonds which became payable in coin by virtue of the credit-strengthening act, should be paid in greenbacks, or was it impliedly understood at the time the bonds were issued, that they should be paid in coin, and the act above referred to was merely a confirmation of the contract existing between the nation and its creditors ?" Doubt is the precursor of inquiry, inquiry leads to, and is the result of evidence, and evidence is the foundation of knowledge. Whether it was "impliedly understood at the time the bonds were issued, that they should be paid in coin," or not, is a ques tion of proof. Now, to satisfy Mr. Dorherty on this tioint. or anv one else laboring under the same delusion, we will arraign . the credit strengthening act for trial, and ask Mr. Dorhertv. or anv one entertaining similar opinions, to act as chairman of the jury. Let us call as the first witness, the chairman of the committee on wavs and means who was the author of the legal tender act. Thaddeus Stevens, can you answer Mr. Dorhertv's onestion 1 Mr. Stevens answers: " When the bill was on its final passage, the question was expressly answered by him, that only the interest was payable in coin." " If I know that any party in this coun try would go for paying in coin that which is payable in " money," thus enhancing it one half ; if I know there was such a plat form and such a determination on the part of any party I would vote on the other side ; I would vote for no such swindle upon tne tax-Da vers of this countrv ; I would vote for no such speculation in favor of the large bondholders, the millionaires, who iook aa vantage of our folly in granting them coil oavment of interest." ' Oliver P. Morton, John Sherman and Henry Wilson were all in the Senate at the time the act was passed authorizing the is sue of the 5-20 bonds. We will call them to the stand, and hear what they have- to sav on this point. Mr. Morton : " When it is asserted that the government is bound to pay the 5-20's in coin, I say it is not only without law, but it is in express violation of at least four statutes. We should do foul injustice to the government and to the people of the United States, after we have sold these bonds on an average for not more than sixty cents on the dollar, now to propose to make a new contract for the benefit of the holders," (Sen. Morton's speech 1868). John Sherman, what did you say in a let ter to Horace Mann in 1868 ? Mr. Sherman : "The bondholder can de mand onlv the kind of money he paid. He is a repudiator aud an extortioner to de mands money more valuable than he gave. ' Mr. Sherman, what did you say in i sneech in the Senate Feb. 27. 1868. Mr. Sherman : "I said that equity and iustice were amplv satisfied if we redeem these bonds at maturity in the same kind of money, of the same intrinsic value it bore at the time thev were issued." " I said that gentlemen may reason about the matter over and over again and they cannot come to anv other conclusion ; at least, that has been my conclusion after the most careful deliberation. " What did Sen ator Wilson sav in the Senate when the bond bill was under consideration ? Here is his testimonv : Mr. Wilson : "I say that greenbacks ought to be a legal tender for the payment of the public debt, and it they are not to be, 1 shall vote against the bill. Judge J. R. Doolittle, (Republican Senator from Wisconsin. ) you will please give the jury a fair construction of the law, as you understand it, authorizing these bonds. Judge Doolittle : " When these bonds were issued, the very law which authorized them to be issued declared that the legal tender notes which were authorized to be issued, should be lawful money, and a legal tender in payment of every public debt except the intert-st. When you take into account the fact what the government received was de preciated paper money (and depreciated on purpose, as the finance committee informs us, that the more of it might be purchased with a dollar of gold) ; the holders of these bonds knew they took them subject to that contingency," (Con. Globe, 40th Con., page 1663). Air. Norton, M C, from Minnesota, will you please tell us what you said in 1869, on this subject? Mr. Norton : " Sir, when this Congress pledges the faith of the nation to pay the five-twenty bonds in coin, they repudiate the interests of the people, and impose upon them burdens that they ought not to be required to bear. " Now let honest old Ben. Wade tell what he wrote- to Capt. A. Denny, of Easton, Ohio, Dec. 13th, 1867, while acting Vice President, under Johnson. Vice President's Chamber, Washington, Dec. 13, 1867. 5 " My Dear Sir : Yours of the 8th inst. , is received, and I must cordially agree with every word and sentence ot it. I am for the laboring portion of our people. The rich can take care of themselves. While I must scrupulously live up to all the con tracts of the government and fight repudia tion to the death, I will fight the bondholder as resolutely when he undertakes to get more than the pound of flesh. We never agreed to pay the 5-20's in gold ; no man can find it in the bond, and I will never consent to have one payment for the bond holder and another for the people. It would sink any party, and it ought to. To talk of specie payments or a return to specie under present circumstances is to taiK ukc a iooi. It would destroy the country as effectually as a hre, any contraction of the currency at this time is about as bad, but I have not time to give my ideas in full. Yours truly. Benj. F. Wade. " So far, all the witnesseses have been Re publicans. We will now introduce one or two from the Democratic side of the house, in corroboration of the testimony already given or adduced. Senator Geirer, Davis will please take the stand and repeat what he said in 1860 on this subject r Mr. Davis: " To guarantee or to give a pledge on the part of the United States the bonds shall be paid in gold or silver, makes a difference in the interest bearing bonds of upwards of $750,000,000. It is robbery ! It is iniquity for this Congress to make the people of the United States pay $900,000,000 more than by equity and law they are bound to pay." (Con. Globe, 41st Con., page 15) Judge Ewing, one among ablest lawyers, what is your opinion : Continued next w ek. Notice to Donation Claimants TLA'1T?N1?ON .OF claimants to dona- L JZm V , r "mees and legal represen 18 .Particularly called to that part of section . ; -- w mum. pare or section enUuld Cpngress approved jSlyVthTlSSi. An amend an Act, approved Sep a,,ds1 $ZrJ 8L0V e pubfc teen hundred and fifty-three, which reads as follow. fh- AnPTc-mf? dnaUoD8 under this AcTor the Act of which it is amendatory, shall ffive notice to the Surveyor General, or other utori officer, of the particular Lil ? raed as !uSh donation within thWdays famLn"6!6!80 ,to do by8uch offlcer ; and &2r?5 n J V1? claiant or claimant, .hall forfest all right and claim thereto ' "" "" Now, therefore, the undersigned, being such oth er duly adthorizkd omcKR- do hereb? give notice to each and every person, his or her assign! and legal representatives, claimants of donations of land witein the district of lands subject to sale at the United States District Land Office at Rosebnrg, Oregon, under said Acts of Congress : that each and every one of them within thirty days from the 19th Day of July, 1879, ( being the dav of the expiration of six weeks publi cation), give notice to the Register and Receiver of said Land Office at Roseburg, Oregon, of " the par ticular lands claimed as such donations : and faijinir such notice the claimant or claim ants shall forfeit all right and claim thereto." And each and every person claiming the benefits of said act of September 27, 1850, and the legislation supplemental thereto will within six months after the expiration of the aforesaid six weeks pub lication, cause to be filed in the U. 8. District Land Office at Kosebnrg, Oregon, the proof, as required by law, to complete their claim to a donation of land under said acts, and failing-so to do, such claims will be held for cancellation. In witness whereof the Register and Receiver of the said U. S. District Land Office, at Roseburg, Ore foii, have hereto subscribed their names, this 24th day of May, A. D., 1879. WM. T. BENJAMIN, Register, 16:22w6 J. c. FULLF.RTON, Receiver. the In the case of a man indicted and on trial at LaConner, at the term of court just closed, for living with an Indian woman to whom he had not been legally married, Judge Green rendered an opinion to the ef fect that all men and women (Indian or oth erwise) living together, or who had lived together, as man and wife, are in the eyes of the law married, whether a license had been obtained and ceremony undergone or not. A little child, one of a pair of twins, be longing to Wm. C. Paxton, near Coquille City, was burned to death on Monday last. The child was standing near a stove, which was accidentally thrown over and a kettle of water poured upon it, which so scalded it that death resulted The Columbia river annual conference of the M. E. Church will hold its next session in Walla Walla, August 7th, Bishop Haven presiding. NEW BUSINESS! LISTEN FOR THE BELL! THE UNDESIGNED PROPOSES TO ESTABLISH A MILK. ID AIHY For the purpose of supplying the citizens of Corvaj lis with Pure Fresh Miik at the very reasonable rate of 35 Cents per Grallort, He intends starting a Delivery Wagon on or before the 1st day of June next, when he will be glad to supply all demands for Pure, Fresh Milk, 1 1 the above rates. Patronage is respectfully solicited. aListen for the Bell. A. G. MULKET. Corvallis, May 20, 1879. 16:21ml, HOUSE MOVING, & TRIMBLE, Propr's. JEING SUPPLIED WITH ROLLERS, Jack Scews, etc., we are prepared to Raise, Move, put under New Sills and level up your barns, and Buildings of any kind, on short notice. TERMS REASONABLE. LORD. & TRIMBLE. Corvallis, May 1, 1879. ' 16:21tf TiiiBfii LORD B3 I FOR SALE. HEREBY OFFER FOR SALE undivided half interest in the MY Oneatta IVTill Property Situated on Yaquina Bay, consisting of Steam Saw Mill, in good running order, with a capacity of 20 thousand feet per day. Also, GOOD HOTEL, FOUR GOOI DWELLINGS, and ONE STORE HOUSE, aud 53 acres of land, together with my stock of merchandise. For further particu lars, anply to the undersigned, SAMUEL CASE. Oneatta, May 5, 1879. 16:19wG BOARD and LODGING. Scat Rooms and Splendid Table. UU CORRESPONDENT ON YESTERDAY WAS- shown the Neatly Kumlslied Rooms- MRS- JOSEPH POLLY. At their residence, just opposite the residence of Judtre F. A. Chenoweth prepared and now in readiness for such boarders as may choose to give her a call,, cither by the sintrle meal or by the week. Mrs. Polly has a reputation as a cook, and sets as good a'table as can be found in the State. Solicits a share of patronage. 15:45tf. Farm for Sale. THE UNDERSIGNED OFFERS FOR sale his splendid grain and stock farm, four miles north of west of Corvallis, on Oak creek containing 1200 acres over one hundred acres in cultivation two fine bear ing orchards, and well calculated for divid ing into two or more snug farms Terms easy and title perfect. For particulars in quire of E. Holgate, W. B. Carter, or E. MARPLE, on the premises. Corvallis, Jan. 1, 1878. 16:ltf ORLANDO C. TAYLOR, Inventer and Proprietor of Taylor' WONDERFUL DITCHING MACHINE, Proposes to cut a Ditch five feet wide at th top, one and a half feet at the bottom and two feet deep, throwing the dirt two feet from ditch, for the small consideration of Thirty-three and one-third Cents per Rod. This he guarantees or no charges. He has three machines now in operation. One each in Linn, Benton and Lane counties. Junction City, Oregon, Jan. 17, 1879. 16:3m6 NEW ARRANGEMENTS. NEW STASE COACH, From Corvallis to Newport. CARRYING THE U. S. MAILS. New Steam Launch. A GOOD SUBSTANTIAL Stage Coach, drawn by good teams, in care of a Rood. will leave Corvall'is at 7 o'clock, A. M., on Mondays, Wednes days and Fridays, connecting; with the new Steam Launch at Pioneer at 8 r. u. The Steam Launah leT in Pioneer on the first tide, amviny at Newport to three hours. Only 15 heurs running through. Be turninff to Corvallis at 6 r. M. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Through tickets 85 00; reduction for families Good accommodations for pasturage at Pio neer Prompt attention t express business and tut freight at reasonable charges. Better facilities for traveling than have ever been on the route to the sea shore The boat is managed by competent meD, nameiy, Ed. Carr and Mack Crow. We expect to receive public favor by first class ac commodations and close attention to business. M. M. A M. 1. liWn. HARNESS, SADDLERY. S. A. HEMPHILL, Corvallis, Oregon. TEW IN best of SHOP, NEW MATERIAL, AND THE workmanship. A full and complete stock of Harness, Saddles. Bridles, Collars, whips, etc., etc. Hand-made work warranted first-class-prices reasonable. Call and srs. No trouble to show goods. S. A HEMPHILL. nay it, iwo. ' jt4