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FRIDAY." OCTOBER 27, 1S71.
WOMAN SUFFEAGE CONVENTION. A Woman's Suffrage Convention will be hold at Olympic Hall, Olympia, " T., Nov. 8, 1S71, at 10 A. M. Tlie friends of Woman's Suffrage, fromallpartsofWashinglonaiidOregon, are cordially invited to be present aud participate in the deliberations. The object of this convention is to ar range some plan by which to secure con cert of action among the woman voters of the Territory. Miss Susan B. Anthony and Mrs. A. J. Duniway will be present Mjis. Majiy O. Brown, Mks. A. E. Bkielow, Mrs. Sarah E. Chapman. Mrs. Meiiitabel II. Eldkk, Mrs. Jane Wylie, Mrs. J. B. Allen, ' Mrs. C. A. Sands, Mrs. P. D.' Moore, Mrs. Majvy A. Barnks, Mrs. M. J. Baldwin, Mrs. Susan Dohklbmyei!, Mrs. Olive B. Manning, Mrs. Clara M. Littliuoiin, , . Mrs. Jane Pattison, Nns. M. M. Runni.K, Mrs. A. R. Elliott. HAVE THE "PEOPLE" VOTED 1 The dispatches every few days come to us announcing the triumph of this or that party in some portion of our country- Speeches of jubilation are made, pieans of rejoicing are sung, can non are fired, bonfires arelit and other ex pedients resorted to to celebrate the vic tory. The appeal lias been taken to the ballot box, and the "people" have re turned tho verdict ! Wiiat a libel, when one-half of the citizens of our country are doniod the right to vote, and when consequently not one of that number has the chance to pass an opinion upon the questions at issue ! Come witii us, reader, and take a sur vey of the voters around the polls at election. You see the professional poli tician, the wily attorney, the wealthy merchant, the devout clergyman, and last but by no means least, the sturdy workingman. They are here to-day to protect, eaeli in his own way so far as in his power lies, his own particular, indi vidual interest Who will say on such an occasion as tills that the ballot has no power? Yonder workingman feels that lie is the peer of any in the land. He can deposit his ballot, giving ex pression to his wish as to who shall hold office and frame the laws, and the mil lionaire can do no more. Should he have wrongs to redress he will remem ber them here, and woe to the candidate who has incurred his displeasure. How assiduously he is courted by the parta kings, and how politely anil affably is lie treated withal ! Let those who say the voting power lias nothing to do with the regulation of wages come and take items. Suppose 3-ou this laboring man, holding the grand birth-right of freedom in his hands, will deposit his vote in favor of any party or candidate opposed to labor reforms in which he is interested? And do you further sup pose that any party or candidate, know ing that this workingman the type of the great mass of our voters holds in power the political say-so, will run counter to his wishes? Having suggested thce thoughts in reference to the workingman, let us now turn to the workingwoman. But j-ou will look in vain for her here to day. Toiling for halt pay day after day, there is for her no grand court of appeal. The iron grasp of the employer may grow more merciless still, but she is powerless. She casts no vote; she helps make no laws; she has no govern mental voice. She is a mere machine. Her work may be in every respect as good as that of the workingman, yet it is only paid half as much for, for it is merely the work of a machine. See you not here the greut reason of wom- an's inequality of wages ? And now, why has not this working woman voted to-day as well as the workingman? Has she no rights to protect, no wrongs to redress, no kind nesses to remember, as well as he? Does she not need the protection of laws in tho making of which she has some voice, as well as that the workingman .should be enabled to insert in our stat utes provisions favorable to his inter est? But perhaps you suy this work ingwoman's is an exceptional case. Behold the haggard faces of thousands of her sisters, toiling for remorseless taskmasters the factor girls, the .seamstresses, and the multitudes in various other employments their re muneration but a oare pittance scarcely sufficient to keep body and soul to gether, and then rellect that upon the earnings of many of these women de pends the support of aged parenLs or orphaned brothers and sisters. Have the "people" voted while this vast anny of toiling women and them not only, bt every woman throughout the hind has been denied the elective franchise? Some day, when the people do rote, and that day iItts lloary mmCt then will be a general renovation of our rUUrt0nW- 1Ual W for "lal work will be as readily accorded the workingwoman then as the working man now Speed on the good time com ng when the women of our country shall no longer be powerless, when they shall no longer be mere machines but the free, independent, res-xmsiblc oenigs iiiuir ureaior designed should be. they DISAPPOINTED. Bro. Campbell, of the Christian Mc rengcr, was disappointed with Miss Anthony's lecture at Monmoutli. He thinks her style is "pros-." Whether that be true or not, she doesn't put audiences to sleep near so easily as some preachers we wot of. WOMAN SUPPEAGE IN WASHING TON TiiKliiXUiiX. A bill is now before the Legislature of Washington Territory giving women the right to vote. It provides that the question shallbe submitted to the women of that Territory, the men not voting upon the question at all, and If a major ity of them are willing to exercise their right to the elective franchise, that they shall have the opportunity of so doing. Wliile we are not in the least afraid but that the women of Washington Terri tory will, in case this bill becomes a law, vote overwhelmingly in favor of oman Suffrage, yet we do not approve of the principle therein contained, that a jwrtion of tlie women of our country might be restrained from the just exer cise of their inherent rights because a bare majority, ierchance, of their own sex were indifferent thereto. If the principle of Woman Suffrage is correct and that it is, is now almost univer sally acknowledged thcnltloglcally fol lows that every woman has the right to vote, and the fact that a majority should not care to exercise that right ought not to debar those who might choose to show their preference in the selection of the officers who are to administer their National, State, county and municipal affairs from giving expression to their wishes at tlie ballot-box on election day. This bill, however, is a great stride in the right direction. The opponents of Woman Sufl'rage may well say that it has become "too formidable to be laughed at," as Beriah Brown expresses it But a few years ago it was looked upon as an absurdity which would never rally even a resiectablc number of adherents to its support. To-day in every State and Territory it counts its supporters by thousands; it has found its way into legislative bodies and has become there the one great theme of discussion; polit ical conventions no longer entirely ig nore tlie demands of its votaries; and already in some portions of our country the victory has been won, and, tested in thecrucibleof experience, theprinciple is found to be a thorough success when carried out in practice. Judging the fu ture by the gratifying progress made in the past few years, the kingdom of woman is indeed very near at hand. WILL THE "BULLETIN" EXPLAIN? Tlie editor of tlie liullctin professes to be very ready to correct or retract any false information he may have unwit tingly conveyed to the public through tlie medium of the newspaper over tlie editorial columns of which lie presides. In his paper of October20tb, in the lead ing editorial column, occurs the follow ing very unfair statement, to sav the least, relative to Miss Anthony: Miss Susan B. Anthony feels vcrv sorry over the Chicago calamity. She cares in cash just one-third as much for thesunerers as she does for Miss Susan B. Anthony. Tlie strong-minded lady was announced to lecture in Olympia last night, and magnanimously proposed to charge no more than one dollar ad mission fee one-third of the proceed not gross recepts to be devoted to the Chicago sufi'erers! If, with strong-mindedness and Woman Suffrage, converts to her faith are thus to demonstrate their benevolence, it will hereafter be rough on any who are prostrated by misfor tune, if they depend on the Anthony crowd. Now mark the following, taken from the Olympia JCcJto of the 10th inst: We have received from Miss An thony the following note, which speaks roritseir: Olympia, October, IS, 1871. Editor Echo: Dear ,fir Enclosed I hand you $30, the entire nett receipts of my last night's lecture. The one-third of the gross re ceipts, as had been projioscd, would be altogether to small a sum. Respectfully yours, Susan B. Anthony. Olympia, October 18th, 1S71. Received of J. H. Munson, fMr. Mun- son is the proprietor ot j-jcho thirty dot lars, coin, to be paid as directed by a committee, to be appointed by the licople ot uiympia to apply on lunus oi the t;nicago Miiierers. G. A. Barnes fc Co. We understand that Miss Anthony forwarded the gross proceeds of her lec ture at Salem, Oregon, before an audi ence oi more than two thousand people, to me sunerers iy the Chicago lire. We respectfully suggest to our friend of the Jlullctin that when he expects a lecturer traveling from point to point, with more or less expense necessarily 1 incurred thereby, to devote the 7ro rc- ccipl oi the various lectures given for an object of charity to its benefit, he is asking the performance of a labor of love which fewaro ableorwlllingto per form. We have waited from day to day to have the unfair stntcment corrected. Now that attention has been called to it there can be no excuse for a failure to set the matter before the public in its true light except the desire to willfully misrepresent Miss Anthony and poison the minds of the people against her. Will the Jlullctin explain ? We shall see. THE NATIONAL. S. COMMITTEE, Wc print to-day a letter from Mrs. Grilling, Secretary of the National Woman Suffrage Committee, announc ing the projwsal of our name as a member of the Committee, we are willing to work in any way we can for tlie furtherance of our grand and glorious cause, and cheerfully accept tlie position assigned us. A fair idea of the work be ing done by the Committee may be formed by the perusal of this letter. The sale and spread of publications is one or the means adopted to bring our cause before the country, and it is a very effi cacious one. Let every woman in favor of asserting her just, inalienable rights immediately forward her name to the Committee, and, if possible, accompany it witii a dollar, the same to be applied to the further publication of documents. A full History of the Woman Sullragc -ioement for the past twenty years will be fowarded in return. Mrs. G. indl catesquite fully the work of the Commit tee, anil we feel sure the women of Ore gon will be liberal in lending a helping hand. EDITOEIAL COEEESPONDENOE. Olympia, W. T., October 23d, 1871. We have had a delightful journey. What with steamboat rides,- stage coaches and corduroy roads to ahbdlges- tlon and controversy, and fun to keep our tongues employed, we reached Olym pia In perfect health, but with fagged out bodies and wearied brai ns. A change was made in tlie time of our meetings, so the first evening after our ride of 90 miles in the stage coach found us in tlie rostrum with Miss Anthony, on hand with her invincible array of facts about the Power of the Ballot. One hour and forty minutes did this invincible vet eran talk, and all who nsieneu were converted except an obtuse Johnny Bull, whom we'll gather into our fold at tho Woman SuH'rage Convention on tlie 8th of November. On Thursday, the lflth Inst, we had the honor of addressing the Territorial Legislature, by the special Invitation of that honorable body. Miss Anthony led oil' in the argument, as by right she should, and her plea for the recognition of our rights under the Fourteenth aiid Fifteenth Amendments, as well as her plain showing that we posses the right, converted hundreds of people to a knowl edge of the truth as it is in the Consti tution. Her argument was calm, cour teous, convincing, dignified. She dwelt particularly upon the fact that women already possess the right to vote under the Territorial Law of Washington, and urged the Legislature to pass a declara tory or instruction Act, by which obtuse judges of elections may be compelled to recognize the law. With our heart in our throat over the idea of addressing a legislative body of wise-looking and critical men, we fol lowed with a short history of the rise and progress of the movement Inyc land of Wcbfoot, which was well received. We are certain that our brethren of Washington Territory do not feci that the enfranchisement of woman will be at all unpleasant They were as cheer ful and happy as the day, anil ninny of them are now at work to pass a bill to secure the law that Miss Anthony rec ommends. A motion to amend Mr. Bigelow's bill by declaring women already voters was indefinitely postponed by a vote of 16 for and 11 against. The names of the immortal eleven will be heralded throughout the great Northwest We hope to get the bill through in proper shape before tlie close of the session, as we hear every day of some new convert in one house or the oher. WASHINGTON TEBEIT0EY LAWS. The Legislature of Washington Terri tory is now in session, and we resject fully call the attention of that honora ble body to a communication on the first page of to-day's isue, which sug gests some needed reforms in tlie laws relating to women holding property. As in Washington Territory, so it is in every State and Territory throughout the I'nlon, to a greater or less extent, where women are denied participation in framing the statutes. We have no idea that this unfair discrimination will ever be done away until woman is armed with that most efficacious of all reformatory weapons, the ballot The attention of masculine legislators has been called to this rank injustice time and time again, yet but very little action has been taken to remedy it, and that in an extremely tardy and sparing way. Tlie letter we print, as it announces, was not intended for publication by the writer, but we have thought best to waive his objections to its apjiearing in print and let the article speak for itself. Legislators of Washinton Territory, will you longer permit such odious laws to disgrace your statute books? THAT "NIPPING PEOST." Thc7crMof this city calls the wom an who Is endeavoring to gain a little cheap notoriety by following in the wake of Miss Anthony's lectures, not daring to confront that distinguished advocate of Woman Suflrage, a "nip ping Frost" Well, we agree. And so, wc think, will the affiictcd audiences who have been so mercilessly "nipped" by this "nipping Frost" They were in deed very badly "Frost-bitten." The same paper says this "nipping Frost" is very anxious to have a discus sion with Miss Anthony. How does this statement agree with the fact that she peremptorily refused to discuss with Miss Anthony at Albany ? Should she ever muster up cour age sufficient to meet Miss Anthony on the rostrum, we predict this "nii ping Frost" will be most effectually t ha wel. THE CAMPAIGN IN WASHINGTON TEEBITOEY. As will Ih seen by copious extracts from the Washington Territory papers, Miss Anthony is carrying everything before her there, her success being fully equal to that in Oregon. Besides the lectures of which accounts are given elsewhere, she spoke at Turn Water on Friday evening, Oct 20th ; at Olympia on Saturday evening, Oct 21st; at Vic toria on Monday and Tuesday, the 2nd and 24th, and probably the two evenings following. This (Friday) evening sho Is announced to speak at Fort Townscnd, and also at the same place again to-morrow night Speaking of tlie New Northwest the San Jose (Cal.) Mercury says: Wc welcome to our exchange list the above excellent journal, started a few months ago at Portland, Oregon, by Mrs. A. J. Duniway. It is an able and ear nest auxlliarv in the great reform. Mrs Duniway has proved herself mistress of her art and caning, as ner paper is very neatly printed and most ably edited. Tho Mercury is one of our best ex changes, being n good, readable, reliable newspaper, alive to the exigencies of the times, and of course, as all such papers are, in favor of Woman's political and civil equality. Succes3 to you, Bro. Oweu. GOING T0JTHE POLLS. in I-OSC GREKXLKAK. "You wouldn't go to the polls, would you ?" inquired a horror stricken young man. ' "Yes; why not?" "Well, a sister of mine should riot go to such a place If I could help it. It is enough that I must mingle with the brawling crowd on election day," and tlie speaker indignantly signified his desire to dismiss the discussion of such a subject, leaving me to meditate in silence upon all the positions the ballot might compel me to occupy. To many a mind that most insignifi cant part of tlie question, "going to tlie polls," is a most serious objection to the whole suffrage movement, for wlxat woman, It is asked, would bo willing to mix witii the drunken, fighting, ex cited throng that gathers around the ballot box? And from many a lip the reply comes confidently, "None but the coarse and low." It is true that few sensitive women would possess suffi cient courage to cast a ballot if it were necessary', in entering the political arena, to participate in the general melec, for it must be acknowledged that election daysnrenuythlngbut days of ieaee and quietness, but are prolific of drunken brawls and pugilistic com bats. This can hardly be said to be a disgrace to the masculine half of crea tion, though it is much to be regretted, and shows clearly that man cannot walk alone without stumbling, but needs the presence of woman even In politics to keep him within the bounds of good or der and decency. During a political campaign the streets of our cities are filled with public demonstrations of ev ery kind, and it is not considered unlady like to mingle with tho crowd, not only as spectators but as participants. On all days except one women help to In crease the magnificence of party dis play, aud the excitement incident to such occasions sometimes leads them to attract greater attention than casting a ballot could possibly do under any cir cumstances, while they lend their aid to crown the victors after the result is made known. If meddling with politics is out of a woman's sphere all this is certainly treading close upon the boundary lines, yet it is never intimated that it is in any way improper; but as soon as wc ask to take part in tlie exercises of that one day a dismayed cry comes from every quar ter. Overlooking a public parade I saw decorated wagons filled with women, from the gray-haired to those of child ish years, yet could I have asked them in their sober moments the question, "Would you like to vote?" the indig nant reply from the majority would have lieen, "Do you think we would un sex ourselves?" never dreaming of the inconsistency of gracing a party demon stration and affecting disgust with the idea of giving their political convictions expression and force by the ballot. That men have possessed the ballot box entirely to themselves Is nil the rea son that anyone ever deemed it im proper for women to go the polls, while all that renders our fairs, picnics and Fourths of July other than general dis plays of rowdyism is due to tlie presence of women. And why, dear brothers, ask us to participate in the celebration of the national anniversary If we should have nothing to do with politic Women always exhibit party spirit, do not hesitate to attend political meetings, talk politics and help to make public displays; remove the interdict and they will go to the polls en masse. Salem, Oct. 20th, 1871. THE OLYMPIA PEESS. The press of Olympia Is unanimously in favor of our most righteous cause. The JZcho and Standard were known to be our friends-, and whatever doubts the Tribune and Transcript may have had have been dispelled by Miss Anthony's visit All hail to the gallant press of the capitol of Washington, say we. We assure you, brethren, one and all, that your noble stand in favor of political and civil equality will be remenincred in the swift-coming era of the triumph of Woman Suflrage. The Ethicsof Dress. The first instinct about a new fashion is- the true one. Don't wait till voureve has lost Its accuracy and your judgment Its edge. Subject the thing at once to the general rule, and bow to the decis ion. 2d What suits one person does not suit another. 3d Dress should supplement good points and corsets bad ones. Thick and thin, long and short, are not all to be subjected to one Procrustean style. un ixnors suouid oe harmonious I should be masked should be bccoinlni' Id c(, many little points or blotches of . color spritiKied over a costume produce a disagreeably pied and speckled effect, as I i,i a iiionsinjus rooin-s egg, or a plum ' inidding. One tint should prevail, re j Iieved by a contrasting tint No j amount of fashionable ; can make I an unbecoming color becoming. "Nile Green" will turn some people into or ' anges, though twenty empresses ordain 1 its adoption. i 5th Lines should be continued, grace l ful, and feminine. It is better to look like a woman (if you happen to be one) than anything else even a fashion plate! Cth Ornament must be subordinate. Nature, with all profusion, never forgets this fundamental law. 7th Above all things, be neat Dainty precision and freshness is as es sential to a woman as a flower. 8th Individuality Is the rarest and the cheapest thing in tlie world. 9th Aud lastly, "Stylish" is of all the words In the English language the most deadly. It has slain Its thousands. bcrdncr's Magazine. Mrs. Flint tin? TtaUn,, .1 ' "mi'i1 ti ic aoormg story of her i "little bill" in a chaste volume from iier own ien. ir she will expose the ex tortions of dressmakers, her book will be an immense success. There is a lady telegraph, operator in the West who can receive a message on one circuit and transmit it in a second, simultaneously, with ease and rapidity. Nine-tenths of all the school-teachers , in Massachusetts are women. I Miss Anthony's Speech Before the Wash ington Territory Legislature. From Lecl-datlvo proceed I nc of Oclolmr IStli, In the "Washington sjiamliinl.") Tho House met at 2 P. M. and was 'ratlin in order bV the Sneaker. A large fhumbcr of ladies present were invited within the bar. The hall and lobby were crowded with visitors. Tlie Com mittee appointed to wait upon Miss An thony and Airs, uuniway escorted mose ladies to the forum, whereupon the Speaker Introduced tlie ladies to the As sembly. Miss Anthony, upon taking the stand, said for the first time in her life, she ap leared as a speaker before a Legislature, r..,,l 1, to imd 4ltn 4laf- tlmn In li rv 1.1a. .mil tills ntu i.ii; mow iitim 111 tui; 4.1.3- toryof our nation that a woman has been allowed the privilege of addressing the law makers in session. She said thev had done themselves honor in ac cording her the privileges of the lloor. She appeared as the advocate of woman suffrage under the guarantees of the 14th and loth Amendments to the Constitu tion. Governments, she held, were in stitutions not to establish rights hut to secure them to their possessors. The theory of our Government Is embodied in the Declaration of Independence which declares that "all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certin inalienable rights;" "that to secure these rights, Govern ments were instituted among men, de riving their Just powers from the con sent of the governed." And it further declares that: "Whenever any form of government becomesdestructiveof these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and institute a new gov ernment, laying Its foundation on such principles as shall secure their safety and happiness." How can this be done IHjaeeably except by giving to tliem the right to vote ? The idea of free govern ment does not appertain to those not en franchised. The tenor of the Constitu tion is tiie same. The preamble says, "We, the people of the I uited States, in order to form a more perfect Union, es tablish justice," etc., "establish this Constitution." The preamble of the Constitution of the State of New York begins with "We, the people, in order to secure the blessings of freedom," etc., and the Organic Act of Oregon, which a few years ago was?the supreme law of tins Territory as Well, reads "We. the ', people oi uregon." liiese examples are , me joint earning and economy of the sufficient to show that all the people ; man and his wife. The colleges are in were included as the body corporate. It full line of usefulness and opportunity, is assumed that men only were included and it would be the work of many years from the fact that the persoual pronoun to create their equal for women, even "he" aud"his"has been used through the if it were possible in this new country Constitution or the United States, and to duplicate the teachers of learning is tlie mode of expression in tho laws i and experience.- Tlie present colleges framed in accordance with it. If this is must long remain tlie best, and if worn so, the laws affixing penalties and levy- en are to have the best advantages, thev ing taxes should receive the same con- must go to them. This being so, anil struction, anil only apply to the male ' the right being conceded, there is sex. She held that the pronoun included ! nothing to do but to vote that woman Iwth sexes, and the injustice of collecting ', is a man and brother, and open the taxes from disfranchised women was 1 the college gates; and not only the acknowledged, whenever they made a gates, admitting to the purlieus, the spirited opposition to such demands. ' lecture-rooms, and the libraries, but the Miss Wall, of Massachusetts, and a wid- other doors where the honey ot Hymet ow lady in Wisconsin, she lately met on tus is stored, and classic bees are hiving the cars, refused to pay taxes after long ! it. t. D. Warner in Christian Union. submission, and the tax-gatherer passed them by without attempting to enforce Hon. Aliieut Haoan. The Woman collection. She said that until the Uth Suffragist of this State will not be and loth Amendments were adopted, no likely to forget that at the very outset law existed fixing the status of tiiecit- in Mrs. Van Valkenbeni's registration izen. The 1 Ith Amendment affirms that "all persons born or naturalized in tho I'nited States, and subject to the United States, and of the State wherein they reside." The only question is, Are women citizens? The next clause declares that "no State shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States." AVould any mem- ber of this Assembly believe that lie held all these rights and immunities-, should he be deprived of the right of voting ? Webster defines eitizenshin to be "a person, nativeor naturalized, who lias the privilege of exercising the elec- ttvi fm,llllli. or thf nllnllflnntinnu wliloli uiiiii Li,,, tnvntirrniiaiu 0...1 iio 0...1 l.ni.i aoi' ah authorities agree that citizenship in . ... .. ... - - cludes the right to vote and hold office. I'mvIoiN fliA nilnntinn rf tl.n MtU rii'litMi.rnoni vMiim.m.i imMi.m oin Cfias. Sumner declares that there was nn i.Ku,. ft,-if fi.-f n .-;., . scssed these rights. Judgo Tanev said that she hmHHl to be enfranchised before in substance, in the famous Dred Scott entering the kingdom of heaven; but decision, that negroes had no rights 1 10 Y""',s1of l,roi?ref lv n.,ovwl that white men were bound to reswet i "J0?'1' f,r er earnest wish to be grati His decision is to the point He de-!,lu?' IJ'US" sl s ,vatlled a'"1 ellniHl in hrf iimf Tii-mi s..f f -nQ ! waited eighty-seven years." Mrs.Stan- oftli.. iwx.nin- (,.m.j.-r-i,.,i(i, 1.1 llave heon If. nnkllntvlmlm. -if W.,,,!.!,, civil and imlitical. Under the act JSflt'ady, and a resident of Johnstown, New congress of 1S70 and the recent Ku KIux mil, if anybody estops a negro from vot ing no is nauie to the seven' penalty therein provided; and these apply with voWnnZly w,Ul! vents a wnmnf, ftS&V ",,,e I e its a woman from voting. Natural.- zation does not change an alien; if he is in Irishman he is an Irishman still: lm possesses all the rights of citizenship except what this Is designed to confer namely, the right to vote mid hold of fice. The enfranchisement of the negro was the result of party necessity. No body cared forhim further than tlit Al though he had the right to vote, the iiuusuuii was unseiiicd and the result therefore uncertain. To determine the question, and obtain a judicial explana tion of the exact meaning of the terms employed the lfth amendment was adopted. Tlie two amendments to gether determine, unquestionably, who ?.re, uiVzcl 18 alid uro entitled to vote. It Is claimed that because women were not specially mentioned it was not the intent to Include them, but she main tained that under the clause "involun tary servitude," u special allusion is made to woman. By all men's defini tions of the term, the witholdingof the Iwllot and representation while taxes are imposed, is the most abject of ser vitude. What's sauce for the goose Is sauce for the gander. Otis says that the act of taxing, exercised over those not represented, is servitude. Franklin said that to be enslaved is to have others govern them. Paine said that tlie right of voting Is tho primary right upon which all other rights are based. All yie wumeii want oi congress or State T(rinfiirw !j - .!,.!. . , SmUin!rnt07Ki ''J"'' exn mei Le I "gf tl,0f14th A,m,e,ul- ffSLinH8!' ? tPIl from . v n-ouiaie me matter, as the right exists in the fullest and freest form, l-.yen granting Uiat tills was not o, sue onjected to Mr. Bigelow's bill, because it submitted the matter to the women, who were in a condition of ser vitude and illf'.-llmrit.-itpd fmm vnMncr on the question. It was hard to break , - , . , . ' . " it She recommended as a substitute for Mr. Bigelow's measure, a declnminrv act (and she hoped It would be proposed 10.1-e irom me restraint imposed by poi-, the day ofjudgement ular sentiment, and only those who ' - - - have used the ballot know its value. Xew Britain (Conn.) jwstor was You might Just as well leave the decls- rather carles the other day In hN sc ion of school matters to the children, lections of the "to be omitted" portions who would prefer to romp and play, the of the good old hymn in which occur regulating of the sale of liquors to the 1 these lines-saloon-keepers, that of gambling to tlie i "shah Mich worth! wor,"l,? 1 gambler, or that of brothels to tho pros- lie roum! at thy risht hami . titutes. The negroes when given tho bal-! The next stanza was omitted, and the lot thought it was a mule, but they were choir continued singing: soon instructed in an intelligent use of i "Oh I Lord, iirevcnt it by thy graco !" by some good Democrat) requiring the j first time for a number of years. At the proper officer to register the names of dinner table Ids three-year-old grand woninn and makinir it tlin Tnfv f fl, ' ilmm-litcr noticing it, "Gazed lonirivltli judges of election to count their votes, I . . i. . . ' . me same as mose oi tno men. This is only needed to allay the doubts which may exist in the minds of tlie election ofiicers. The Legislature could very properly do this, and if they did, she could promise them the most gratifying of results the immigration of a large number of good women to theTerritory. The ballot is the key that unlocks the door to knowledge, to equal wages, to honor, to prosperity. Among the hosts of eminent men who ilnrs the enfranchisement of women, Miss Anthony mentioned the names of Bishop Simpson, oi me jieuiouisi Churcli. Judge Chase, Chief Jnstiee of the Supreme Court of the United States, those of a large number of Senators and Representatives, Democrats and Repub licans. Tlie Speaker of the House, at the close ' 1. , oi -miss uyiiuiui.j & remain. , 3irs. Duniway, who in wcll-e liuruuui'uit hoscn but very emphatic language, gave a brief review or tho rise, tno present eoiniuion and the future prospects of the Woman Suffrage part v of Oregon. She said that her first efforts caused her lady friends intense alarm, but that having an nounced her determination to vote at the next election, and having discussed the question until the novelty of the in novation upon ordinary customs had somewhat abated, she now was suih ported by a large party of intclligentand resjiectable women, who design niarch with her to the polls. She warned those having political aspirations that now was the accepted time of salvation; to take heed of the indications of tlie times, before it was too late. Already many men were filled with fear and trembling, and she urged them to hesitate no Ion-I smil nt. mi emliisiPAtlu, 1iiniifnlili lniii ! of events. Women in Collkoes. I confess that the arguments for admitting wom en to men's colleges are pretty nearly conclusive; but I cannot resist the temptation of standing oil' and looking at the subject in various aspects, before settlingdown upon the stereoscopic view. The men's colleges are established, en dowed, enriched by antiquity and char ity; they have libraries, museums, la boratories, all the facilities of a varied training; and to their establishment women have contributed quite as much as men. The mothers's prayers count for something, and everybody knows that the gifts and legacies. tlioiiL'h in the man's name, are nsuallv the result suit, Judge Hagan made a free oiler of "is services to conduct that suit, and did the same ably. Failing to gain a favor- promptly offered, gratuitously, to plead the cae before the Supreme Court of this State (to which the plaintifl'had decided to carry it), i his generous courtesy on the part of Judge Hagan makes it easv and possible to bring tlie question of woman's right to vote under the nth and l"th amendments to the Constitution to a speedy trial. It will be argued at the October term of the Court and we shall await the result with great interest J tonccr. I ' 1 ' Mrs. Elizabeth C.idy Stanton writes as follows: "I grieve to Inform you of tltk likifli ,it nttf ilnni niAthnn Cliik iixid ,u grand, hravc woman, iter name JlCaUCU U1C largest IMHlUOll SCUt tO tile . 1.0.1 n 4ulast Constitutional Convention State of New ork asking to have the wonl 'n.?,e' stricken from tlie State Constitution. She has said for years ton's mother was Mrs. Margaret. Li v- I illgstoil Cadj', Wife Of .TlldgC Daniel 1 urK j Cleanliness. A neat, clean, fresh ! aired, sweet, cheorfiil. well-nrraii"vd house exerts a moral Influence over its i"'". mk the members ot a r.,.:i,. c.i i ..... family peaceful and considerate of each others reelings and happiness. I he connection is obvious between the state of mind this produces, and respect for others, and tor those higher duties and obligations which no law can enforce. On the contrary, a filthv, squalid, nox- I .1 ,,I i ,.!V .. .. f iuus uwuiiniK, null" none oi me decencies of life are observed, contributes to nuiKc me liinamtaiits scihsh, sensual and regardless of the feelings of others; and the constant indulgence of such passions renders them' reckless and brutal Handsome Men. An exchange says: "One of the greatest niiisanccsof a hotel is a nanusonu inai.. lie is an intoler able bore to all the ladies of good sense in the house. If we might be allowed a suggestion, we would advise every father ttiio is mreaicitcci with a handsome son in the family, just to take a clothes pounder and batter his nose to a pumice. For some cause or other, nine out of ten of the handsome men you meet are con ceited jackdaws. They cultivate their hair and complexion so much that thev have no time to thing of their brains. By the time they reach thirty their heads and hands arc equally soft." Mary Wager says she knows a man whoprayed highland morning, preached on Sundays, aud was a rich farmer be sides. His wife milked the cows in all niuen. xiis lie Jiuiiteu inu cows in ui sorts of weather, cut most of the wood, ,)uiIt "'e fires, churned, economized, anil ,iieI of consumption. lie put a weed on isuinption. He nut a weed on his hat f ricl to resign himself to the "dispensation of Providence," when he ought to have been tried for woman- slaughter in the firstdegrccand sentenced to ebon wooil nml milk cows in the rain all tlie rest of his life. Sho wants debating clubs to discuss whether it will .... l. ..-.i ...in. i.i... Tim ltludso in ..UHlll ,ltll 111111 V A fnll-bcarded young grandfather re cently had his hairsute appendago shaved off, showing a clean face for the wondering eye," and finally ejaculated: i . r- If- . I . .. ... 1 . . 1. , uranuiainei, miuse neaa you got on ?" ' "Woman Suffrage. Miss Susan B. Anthony, the renowned advocate of universal suflrage and Tem perance reform, lectured in Olympia Hall on Tuexlay evening upon tlie one great object of her life the enfranchise ment of women. We had formed a lii.-li opinion or tho ability of the lady, and her remarkable talent as a public speak er, and our expectations have been more than realized. She presents her argu ments in graceful and elegant language, her illustrations are ample and well chosen, anil tlie hearer is irreistably drawn to the conclusions which she seeks to inculcate. She cited the inade quacy of the wages and salaries jwid to women, as a result ot her disfranchise ment, and illustrated by tlie history of the trades Unions, and the "strikes" which result when capital bears with too remorseless a tread upon labor. Tho.-e inaugurated by men had generally been successful, lor men with tneir votes were enabled to control the politicians, by tlie same means could control the capitalists. With women, however, the case was different When they required an increase of the miserable pittance which constitutes "woman's wages," or a reduction of the number of hours con stituting a day's labor, they were met with a prompt refusal; and experience had proven that "strikes" were of no ivail. for without the potent charm ot the ballot, the employers found but little opposition to their plan of Mnrvmg the employers into a compliance with the old rates; or, probably, a further rcdue- ion, or stilt more onerous nuniens were mnosed to punish such presumption. In the higher branches of labor, requiring special knowledge or skill, the salaries paid to men were always higher than those paid to women for the same ser vices, performed with equal precisionand fidelity. She cited an instance in which tlie authorities of one of our metropol ian cities advertised for principals tor the common schools, in response to which several applications were made by women, who were refused tlie posi tions although amply iiuulified to dis charge the duties, simply because tliey were women; and another m-dance wherein the salaries ot a number of lady teachers were reduced, though already lower than thoeof the male teachers, to nerea.-e the salaries of tlie men. She likewise related an amusing incident in which the person authorized to pass upon the qualifications of teachers had to employ a lady school teacher to ex amine applicants, and signed his name with an X when tlie certificate was written out by his assistant But it ex cited no comment, forthe authority was held by a man, even if lie did avail himself of the nse of woman's brains to extricate himself from a dilemma. He could vote, and exercise influence at ward meetings, and this covered all tlie defects of intellect or education. She referred to the condition of the' negro before the ballot was given to him, as the most universally condemned and Iesnised of all races or conditions of men, and noted how pliant had became tlie lunges ot the Knee ot the politicians now, whenever Sambo asserted his rights." It could have but this effect if given to the women. While it might not be required by those surrounded by all the luxuries of wealth, or those who have never known want through tlie exertions and earnings of fathers, hus- bauds or brothers, it was essential as the life blood to those who labor early anil late for their daily bread. There is no denying the sound logic of these arguments. They appeal to a sense of right and justice which cannot be longer denied. In expressing this opinion and it is no new position for us we are aware we invite criticism, but wc have resolved to meet and answer all arguments against the proposition with candor and earnestness, to the best of our ability. It must be understood that we do this as an individual, and not as a party journalist It is a question upon which Democrats as well as Republicans, may honestly differ. Wo do not depart in the least from the principles we cher ish and have so long advocated, nor tlo we intend to do so. It is simply a ques tion of right, upon which we wish to be on the side of night. Washington Standard, Oct. 21. Miss Anthony's Spbbch. Tho far famed Miss Susan B. Anthony, on the invitation of the Legislature, addressed that body, and a large assemblanee of our citizens, both men and women, on Thursday afternoon last, at 2 o'clock, at the Legislative Hall. Tlie speaker con fined herself to the Constitutional argu ment touching tlie right of women to vote. To make these points clear and demonstrate them beyond tlie possibility of contravention, shenuoied extensively from judicial divisions, brought to bear the Declaration of Independence, and the early opinions of the founders of the government, in order to sustain her po sition as to who are meant by the term citizen, and their rights are such. She clcarlv demonstrated under these decis ions, together with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitu tion, that the right of women to vote and participate as citizens in the benefits of the government exists by Constitu tional law, and the Territorial Legisla ture had no right to abridge these priv ileges; and to give effect to her views oh the subiect, simply requiring the judges, at tlie noxt annual olection, to receive the votes of women and count them as they would auv other citizen qualified to vote. The speaker held this to be the fair interpretation of our election law, as well as the Constitutional view of the case. Miss Anthony is a woman of more than ordinary ability, and tlie able manner in which she handled her subject before the legislature, was ample warn ing to the members of that body who oppose woman suflrage to be silent. Mrs. Duniway, the able editress of the New Noktiiwest, was present and made a fmr reiimrks. TIir sneeches were lis tened to with marked attention, and If thev do not accomplish the purpose in tn.wln.? if will not lie for tlie want of sound logic Olfrmpia Trmttrript, Oct. 11. j-r v,.. ii Yamhill paper : A singular evidenceof Oregon's antiquity was lately taken out of the ground at Tillamook Head. It appears mat some men were ,.,-t lm-' n road bed. and when 2i feet be- Hip surface, one of them exhumed a copper bowie knife, over 22 inches long, 2J inches wide by i of an inch thick. The curiosity was sent to C. Boop, of Dayton, who has it in his museum. Here Is another mystery for the oldest inhab itant to explain. The knife is made of the best copper, and the work is done in a superior style. A negro preacher at a Geonria canio- meeting told his hearers they could never enter heaven with whisky bottles in their pockets, and urcred them to "bring 'em right nn fn lie imlnit." and he would "offer 'em a sacrifice to de Lord." It was done: but the nreachor was found incapable when the hour for evening service arrived. Two sisters. :i Mrs. TCtdred and a Mrs. Barton, aged respectively 08 and 93, who had always been together as much as possible, recently died, within two hours of each other, at Baldwinsville, In New York, and were buried in one grave. The day to nick your wife is Clibose- day. AVeddens-day is the day to be mar ried on, oi course. I I ) I