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The new Northwest. [volume] (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887, March 27, 1874, Image 2

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.MARCH 27, 1S74.
The woman's temperance movement
still continues to be a subject of com
ment for moralists, editors and others
who note and chronicle the events of the
day. The opinions and prognostica
tions concerning the present import
ance and future effects of this enthusi
astic and seemingly successful demon
stration are numerous and varied.
Although future events may not give
weight to these opinions, nor verify
these predictions of the nation's phi
losophers and seers, they yet show con
clusively the deep interest that has been
awakened by the rise and progress of
the crusade.
All things, however noble and of good
respect, that are the offspring of impulse
and nurtured in enthusiasm are more
than likely to have a brillant career and
a short one.
The past is thick strewn with the
records of the3e"hopes,abortlve victories
half blown, and citadels begun reduced
to dust." And as it is given to mortals
to read the future only by the light of
tile past, it would seem that those who
foretold the speedy return of the rum
.seller to bis avocation so soon as the
present pressure Is removed, have some
just jrrounds as for their conclusions.
Of one thine we are assured, that
woman, armed with tho ballot, would
do more in the space of a few years to
place the temperance reform upon a
solid and enduring basis, than all the
temperance societies, conventions, reso
lutions and crusades that can be formed
and carried forward will be able to ac
complish in half a century.
So when this prayerful host, whose
name is legion, are permitted to cast
their voles against this monster mon
arch, intemperance, then will Ills
throne totter to ills fall, and lamen
tation give place to joyful notes of
thanksgiving upon the lips of thousands
of the erewhilo victims or the rum
Just before leaving Portland for our
present sojourn in San Fraucisco, a Sa
lem (Oregon) friend forwarded us the
following note:
Dear Mas. Duniwat : Won't you, for the
benefit of thousand of your readers who have
nevr taken an ocean trip, anil never expect to
t:dte one, be considerate and kind enough to
give us all Hie particulars of your forthcoming
imrn-y? I'll venture to afllrm that two-thirds
of your renders never have Keen, and ut least
half of them never will see, an ocean steamer
o, no mailer how commonplace the theme
may tocm to you, who often take thee jour
, (.lease give us all the details and obllse,
Yonr as ever, M.J. It.
A it is our business to serve our pat
rons the exacting and often capricious
public, to the best, of our humble ability,
we shall endeavor to give tho desired
information, only asking of those who
nre familiar with tho subject under this
head, to read carefully what we shall
say, and if we do tint tell the truth as
they experienced it, to correct us in
these columns.
TheAjax is like, and yet unlike, all
other ocean steAiners on the Northwest
coast It Is long, narrow, unwieldy and
staunch-looking, cramped In its state
rooms, capacious in its decks and dining
saloon, villainous in its odors, stifling
in the confinement of Us atmosphere,
narrow in iU bunks, hard in its beds
and pillows, musty in its sheets and
towels, mysterious In its cookery affa
ble in lis servants, jolly in its captain,
gentlemanly in Its purser, greasy and
busy-idle in its crew, mixed in its pas
sengers, uueasy in its movements,
creaky in Its timbers, and freezing cold
in its cabin
There is more of the "shoddy" ele
ment visible on board of an ocean
steamer than anywhere else outside of
(ioverntnent barracks. Here cheap
army officials, In imaginary titles, or
their wives, daughters and relicts, put
on aire of pigmy superiority, which
causes everybody who is republican
enough to stand upon his r her own
merits to look with a quiet and pitying
disdain upon mock dignity and would-be
aristocracy. These "dignitaries" have
no eye for anybody who is not "captain'
or "cunnel." But wc beg pardon for
having noticed them. Our obligation
to note down everything as it occurs is
our only apology, and these people are
always going down iuto tho sea in
ships. There are also to be found on
every voyage that we have yet made
hiirli-tuned, dignified ceutlemen of
worth, title and culture, who take great
nleasure in giving you the benefit of
their superior experience in journeying,
and in every other proper way allcviat
ing the little annoyances of travel and
its accompanying curse, the omnipres
ent and inevitable sea-sickness.
After purchasing your tickets, taking
care to secure state-rooms as nearly as
possible in the center of the vessel
which we failed in doing -this time, and
our percii was, therefore, at an angle of
forty-five degrees from the mizzeumast
whatever that is you send your trunks
down the hatchway, nut vour checks
n your pocket, and, with bosket or
bundle in hand, proceed to ensconce
yourself in your narrow domicil, happy
indeed if not more than two of you are
to have .marten in a state-room seven
by five feet in iu dimensions, including
bunks wash-stand, chair, band-boxes"
baskets and bundles.
The first day on the river is decidedly
pleasant Everybody, uot forgetting
the omnipresent Israelite, the most mi
gratory of human beings, Js ready for
ureaKiast, mncu aim uinner. These
meals consist of every Imaginable and
unimaginable style of cookery, ancient
and modern. It is beyond o
describe the bill of fare further than to
say we did It justice.
The scenery on the Columbia betweeu
Portland and Astoiia is for the most
part dull and monotonous. The river is i
broad, muddy and, iu many, places, j
sluggish, and the dense timber, in its
unsuy greenness, vies witu tue gray
bluffs of basalt that sometimes stand in
collonnades, keeping guard over patches
of fire-denuded mountain land, that
loom, all desolate and ghastly, against
the sombre sky in the background.
The scenery grows gradually more
beautiful as you near Astoria, and by
the time you reach this quaint little
old town and find your vessel moored for
a few moments along the dock, you are
lost in amazement at the broad expanse !
of land-and-water-scape that rolls on
and away, through the dim and misty
distance, giving you a painful sense of
your own personal littleness.
The bells ring, the seamen chant "0,
heaveo's," tho captain shouts his orders
and his men respond "aye, aye," whllo
your vessel creaks and groans and grum
bles as she moves her ponderous wheels,
and with a very perceptiblo rolling of
her unwieldy sides, you start steaming
down the bay and out toward the dis
tant breakers, aud as they lash the gray
horizon in their fury, and then collapse
In Impotence upon the sands and drift
wood, but to gather fresh courage and
renew tho endless combat, you feel that
they arc things or lire, and sympathize
with thorn in their ineffectual battle
withdestiny. Ineffectually, did we say?
Walt long enough, O, man immortal,
and tho last vestige of these opposing
rocks and sandi, over which the break
ers dash so ceaselessly, will have
yielded to the wear of ages and retired
to oblivion's shades for evermore.
After leaving Astoria you pass rap
idly out toward tho breakers. Taking
the advice of everbody, you go on deck
aud stay there, fighting tho fato or sea
sickness in store for you; and if you
laugh at everybody else, knowing you
arc getting pale about the moutii the
while, yet strangely tempted to beliovc
that you arc feeling "splendid." But
its no use trying. You suddenly grow
as limp as a frost-bitten tomato viue,
and gladly accept the escort of some
strong arm, while with your disengaged
hand you clutch nervously at this and
that to save you from a dangerous fall.
The grandeur or the scenery falls upon
you and you reach yourstate-room, sick
enough to die. But you can't die, and
everybody knows it, aud you get little
sympathy. For two days you lie at the
mercy of the stewardess, who some
times sips your broth before she gives it
to you, which doesn't whet your appetite,
ana urges you to get up anu go on uecK, ,
wuicn you attempt ouiy to lau oacK i somc of Ule flliSOme adoration with
limply upon your pillow as you give!whIpu tU(?se ministerial boys would
vent to ejaculations in your reicuiugs
which some imaginary mortil has lilt- ,
ened to crying out "New York" in tones I
of dispair. '
UUllliesea grows smouuiur auu you
grow caimer aim your uiqeiiiu uttumci
. 1 t
voracious after a while, and you gather
courage to go on deck and find that you
enjoy the change Immensely.
The remainder ot the voyage proves
intensely interesting. ou are never
out of sight of the distant coast, and
sometimes sail very near it As you ap
proach your journey's end the land
scapes become marked by visions of
Hrrhi.hniispa. fiiir-whlstlps. farm-houses 1
nn.l il.o Pallia nnon a thousand hill.
Polnt Arena, Point Reys, the Faro-
lonies.and other noted land marks smile
upon you, aud after a while the Golden
Gate, guarded by Nature's fortresses,
opens to your vision, and soon the Gol
den City looms before you with Oak
land in the distance, and the busy crafts
around all buffeting the winds and
waves as though sporting with the ele
ments in glee.
Anhourlaterandyour vessel lies pant
ing at the dock, and after encountering
the usual rush of hotel runners, drays,
omnibuses and what not, you enter a
coach, and drive to your hotel, where
your first thought is of home aud friends
and what your loved ones are doing.
. J. D.
He of the Forest Grove Independent
has been on a short pilgrimage info
Yamhill comity, aud while thero lias
made a discovery. He has learned that
the women in tiiose regions round about
"like the Grange;" that they actually
enjoy a "good time" outside or the sa
cred precincts or home.
"We wonder whether this would-be
prescriber or that mystical and indefinite
something, a "woman's sphere," did
not Inwardly censure these women
Grangers for the absence from home
duties, which the attendance upon these
weekly political meetings must necessa
rily involve? Or is it only the arduous
task of depositing a ballot once in two
years, that will cause the sacred fire
upon the home altars to smoulder and
expire through neglect?
Brethren, is it not unreasonable, uot
to say ridiculous, for you to laud the
praiseworthy efforts of women in the
various societies or which they nre hon
ored and useful members? Encourage
them to attcud temperance conventions
and work in temperance crusades, and
yet oppose their enfranchisement, oh
theground that they cannot attend both
to home aud public duties, and that an
attempt to do so will result disastrously
to the former?
Let us assure you that when the op
portunity Is given, America's earnest,
loyal and energetic daughters will
speedily prove to you "that this also
they can aud will do, and not leave the
other undone."
The action of the Albany Convention
in placing in nomination for Governor
41. . . .... . .
'11. Sul,crnator'al "ucumoent,
iSTJ iT D bUt
TbeWomau Suffragists of tills State
kuow full WeU the position the Gov-
eruor occupies In regard to their Inter-
anJ we shtt certainly do all Inl
our power to make the coming contest a I
warm one fof,hls Excellency.-
r. . t . i . -i 1 1
The caudidatc for Congress, Mr. La,
Dow, is a man'totally unknown to fame,
anu even tue latntccnoesoi ms political
achievements that have reached us
since his nomination fail to Inform us
as to whether he is a Woman Suffragist
As he will have ample opportunity to
do so, we trust he will speedily defiue
his position upon this vital political
issue, that tho hundreds of Suffragists
in the State may know just where to
find him.
Wo will forbear to -judge thecaudl-
date by his associates for the present,
but give him time to speak for himself.
Comment upon tho remaining candi
dates is unnecessary. Unlike Mr. La
Dow, they are unfortunately too well
known, and should be consigned by the
loyal voters of Oregon to political ob
Of course Your Truly believes in It
Prayer Is the effective, intangible agent
of tho Invisible world, by which God
knits the hearts of humanity in one
common impulse. It is the bond of
unity between men and immortality,
the mysterious emblem of our mystical
destiny upon whoso Invisible wings the
aspirations of the human heart ascend
to the listening ear of the Highest It
is not possible for the arm or might of
man to annihilate It Just as long as
the tired souls or men arc permitted to
experience disappointment, just so long
will men and women be driven at inter
vals, whether they will or not, to take
reruge at the feet of sovereign mercy and
rely upon Omnipotence for consolation.
This being a scientific fact, Yours
Truly wondered much, tho other even
ing, when she witnessed the effect of a
bomb of truth thrown by Mrs.Dunlway
among the conservative priesthood in
the Presbyterian Church, who are seek
ing to lead the women or Portland, or
rather, send them, to do a work which
they are too timid, or too incompetent,
to do for themselves
Brother Izer and Brother Medbury,
pastors in charge of the Methodist and
Baptist churches in this city, wero iu
their glory. Ostensibly, they were
holding a "woman's meeting," but
really, they had no notion that the
women should do anything except as
i they should dictate. Dr. Atkinson, bo
ing a much older man, and consequently
not over-conccitcd about his porsonal
holiness. Is not narticularlv fearful lest
tj,e reat Omnipotent shall bo shorn of
uauseate Him
Aflcr nroti,ers Medburv and Izor lm.i
iMicd and prayed anJ piaunciiyet j
why they should talk and plan at all, If
.,. ,. !r wnru ,,...
aver, Yours Truly can't conjecture
and, after Brother Atkinson had made
some sensible, suggestlvo and eloquent
remarks, Mrs. Dunlway aYose, and rac
ing the large audience, modestly said:
"Friends, I reel
diffident about-taking
up any or your time on this occasion,
as l unow mat mere are many nere who
wisu to speaii, wnom you are waning to
. hear; but, as this is to be my last even-
, J . .7 . ... - - -
i i n1 wiiii vnii inr nmr i mr in pnmp i
i none von win near wim ine lorainw'
moments. Whllo I believe fully in the
ngency of prayer, I feci that this work
must be systematized ir we would make
it profitable. Dr. Atkinson lias just
told or two young men witli whom he
Is acquainted, who are going the down
ward road through the profits or the
or the business of rum-selling. Xow,
friends, the Government extorts, annu
ally, an immense revenue from the peo
ple through an embargo upon this traffic.
Men are protected in this business as
they are in no other, and this is why so
many or them arc ready to engage In It
But Jhe women are aroused, and now
I want to see them work to some pur
pose. When you go, my sisters, to
move in battalllons against the hosts of
Alcohol, if I were you, I would go first
: J . , " Vi w
fathers are in session and I would open
.r r , VT r ; 1 7 '
oesecc. ...g u. j u. roun ... wnose
Spirit is already moving in the hearts
of tho people, to open the hearts
of the law-makers of this municipality
to the consideration or a work which
they vutrl do, if wc would make this
impression permanent. I would go,
too, to the Governor's office and the
Metropolitan police, aud sing and pray
there. I would beseech the citadels of
legislation and the entire remlfication
or the Government with prayer. For,
just so long as our laws remain as
they are, It will not be possible to up
root the intemperance evil." Mrs.
Duuiway no sooner sat down than up
rose Brother Izer. He was "afraid for
any idea to be sprung upon the people
that would take their attention from
the glory of God. This was God's work,
and was to be accomplished wholly by
Yours Truly couldn't see, for the life
of her, wherein Mrs. Duniway's advice
would detract aught from the glory of
God, but she thought she could detect
wherein it might detract from the glory
of Izer; and as this over-pious boy
stood up there to rebuke, in his sleck
niannered way, the only tangible modo
of making the temperance work last
ingly effective, Yours Truly prayed that
he might as years and discretion are
added to his present impracticable aud
ideal zeal, learn that the God of the
Universe is by no means the jealous
God of the ministerial idea, but that lie
is perfectly willing to recoguizellis hu
man agents In all great, moral works.
It is not possible for Brother Izer to add
j to God's glory; neither is it possible for
huninu "law" to detract from it
I -wr t. .1 T -...1 r.11......
i. urm uew J
l?"! SX '
Mrs. Duuiway does, they would soon
grow more practical aud do far more
good in the world than now.
Brother Heroy Hood royally by the
position Sirs nuntwav bad taken, and
then after his noble snccch. one man
with a very red tiosc, got frightened
about "side Issues." but closed bisfre-
marks with a very pertinent piece of ad
vice to the ministers. Ho said that
they should stand aside aud let the
women lend in this work. Brother Izer
thought so too, and then, by way of
proving how much he agreed with him,
occupied the floor, to the exclusion of
the ladies, till Doxology and Benedic
tion closed the scene.
Yours Truly can't see anything con
sistent in this constant clamorabout tho
efficacy of prayer alone to accomplish
tho temperance work. The very men
who are loudest iu this demand, get up
"side Issues" in the way of "resolu
tions," and telegrams, and bell-tollings,
and Yours Truly can see no objection to
the plan
But these tender-toed young preachers
must learn at the feet of men's mothers
tho lesson of HIghor Law before they aro
capable of teaching Youns Tni'iA-
The following were received too late
for publication In the last Issue.
OitEciox Crrv, March 0, 1S74.
The Clackamas County Equal Bights
Club met at the Court Houso in tills
city March 9th, pursuant to notice.
The meeting was called to order by
Mrs. Sarah M. McCown, President pro
The Secretary pro (cm. called tho roll;
when the following persons signed the
Constitution and By-Laws: Mr. W.
Carey Johnson, Miss Ella Bacon, Mr.
II. S. Buck.
The follow! ng members, having signed
the Constitution and By-Laws, paid the
initiation fee and became cutitled to
full privileges in the Club: Mrs. S. M.
McCown, Mrs. S. Augusta Chase, Mrs.
Jennie Barlow, Mr. W. Carey Johnson,
Mrs. Miranda S. Buck, Mr. H. S. Buck,
Mr. Rodney Tompkins, Mr. J. M. Ba
con, Miss Ella Bacon.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read aud approved.
Tiio President pro (cm. resigned the
chair to Mrs. Miranda S. Buck in order
to present tho report of the delegation
to the Oregon Stale Woman Suflrage
Association, which convened at Port
land on the 13th of February.
The Canvassing Committee reported
as to the work done iu Oregon City for
the Club.
The Secretary pro (cm. read a letter of
congratulation from Mrs. Frances Fuller
Upon motion or W. Carey Johnson,
tho meeting adjourned to Monday even
ing, ICtli Inst
J. DbVoke Joiixson,
Secretary pro tern. C C. K. 11. C.
OiiKfiox City, March If!, 1S74.
Pursuant to adjournment, the Clacka-
: mas County Equal Rights Club met at
1 the Court House in this city Monday
evening, 16th ln.f
Mrs. S. M. McCown, President j)r6
. called tho meelinp to nrtUr.
The Secretary pro (cm. called tho roll
j when Iho following persons signed the
. Constitution and By-Laws: Miss Alice
ifunsaker, Mr. James M. Moore, Mr. J,
i r r .i r r. -r . i.
i aariow, .ir. o. u. Aiemrum, aiiss
Rosa Smith. Mr. X. Allison did the
same subsequently.
The above-mentioned persons, together
with the following, paid the initiation
fee aud became entitled to the full priv
ileges of the Club: Mrs. Mary E.While,
Miss Sarah J. Thacker, Mr. 3-1 L. Easl-
ham, Miss Emma Harrington, Mr. John
Wortman, .Miss trances Miller, Mrs.
Mary A. Edmunds, Mr. J. P. Ward, Dr.
J. W. Xorris, Miss Sarah Alhey, Miss
Emma Chase.
The Club then proceeded to the elec
lion ol officers, which resulted as fol
lows: Mrs. J. DcVoro Johnson, Presi
dent; Mrs. S. M. McCown, first Vice
President; Mr. E. L. Eastham, second
Vice President; Mr. J. M. Bacon, Re
cording Secretary; Mrs. Miranda Buck-
Corresponding Secretary; Mr. H. S,
Buck, Treasurer; Mr. John Wortman
, rjbrarlan. Mis3 SaRlh AlI nrst As
slslant Librarian; Miss Emma Chase,
sccoml Asslstant librarian: Mrs.S.Au
gusta Chase, Marshal; Miss Pet Miller
and Miss Rosa Smith, LMiers; Miss
Alice Huusakcr, Door-ICeepcr; Mr.
Rodney Tompkins and Mr. W. T. Whit
t Iock, Assistant Door-Keepers,
The following were elected as Fur
nishing Committee, to wit; Mrs. M. Ed
rounds, Mrs. S. M. McCown, Miss Jen
nie Barlow, Mr. E. L. Eastham, Mr. J,
Ij. Barlow, Mrs. Miranda Buck, Mrs,
Augusta Chase.
.tviso, me lonowing committee on
Publications and Library: Mr. W.Carey
Joiinson, Mrs. S. M. McCown, Rev. Mr.
M. Judy, Mr. John Wortman, Miss Jen
nie Barlow
Also, the following Committee on Or
der of Business, to wit: Mr. II. S. Buck,
-Mrs. Mrs. M. ICdmunds, Mr. 31 L.
Eastham, Mrs. S. Augusta Chase, Miss
Jennie Barlow
Also, the following Committee on Fl
nance: Mr. S. M. Bacon, Mr. H.
Buck, Mr. W. Carey Johnson, Mr. J,
Barlow, Rev. Mr. M. Judy, Miss Alice
Hunsaker, Miss Rosa Smith
On motion, the Furnishing Committee
wero authorized to procuro a suitable
On motion, the Board or Directors
were authorized to appoint the next
The Furnishing Committee appointed
Wednesday, the 16th lust, to meet
On motion, adjourned.
J. M. Bacon', Secretary.
Mr. Urban E. Hicks has revived the
Vancouver Jtcgistcr, and Is making of i
a very excellent local paper. Tho Jlcg
isler deserves a liberal patronage from
the citizeus of Vancover aud vicinity.
Success to Brother Hicks.
Miss Frances Power Cobb is now
regular preacher in tho Unitarian
. -
Chapel at Clerkeuwcll, London.
fjoniu children, all, amh.1 will teach
VOUalitlleDlav.whinli. iftvnti learn vour
Jparismhd actthcm weUf'will. astonish
JjyourJeUler brothersVnd sisters, and,
peruaps, put some oi mem to suame.
First, how many of you can spell
tax ?" Ah! I am glad to see so many
hands. Harry we will begin with you.
YcrniyboyT-that "spells- tho kind" of
'tacks" we use in putting down carpets,
but not the "tax" wo are talking about
tins morning. . I mean the money that
Jhe. lawcompelsmcn aud women to
pay for schools, roads, prisons, asylums
and a great many other things. Now
who can spell it? That Is right, Emma.
I am glad to see you know the meaning
of words.
Now, how many of you boys think it
would be right to take away your little
sisters' playthings or money, and use
them or misuse tUem as you saw fit!
xsot a hand -raised: This la very en
couraging to your mothers and sisters!
hope you will always stay as nice.
They will have great reason to be proud
of you If you do. Now tho "play" Is
about a girl named Abby. You have
all sung "Go tell Aunt Abby," have you
not? No, little Mollie, I did not mean
to ask you to sing It now, though we
shrill bo very glad to hear It when we
have done.
But this Abby's name Is Abby Smith,
and she Is very nice and smart and
lives with her sister In Glastonbury,
Connecticut Well, she has a great
deal of money, and pays a creat
many "taxes;" more than most of her
brothers. But, someway, the boys
seem to think that she does not know
how would be tho best way to use It
though she she Is a splendid scholar, and
could pass examination in school better
than most any of them ! And so they
have just handed her money over to
whoever they pleased, and they have
used it, or misused it, exactly as they
saw fit
I do notbltime you,Tommyand Lilly
for shaking your fists; but wait and sec
what happened.
One day, when all their brothers met
to see how the town's money should be
used, and to choose men to help them
spend it, Abby and her sister thought
they would' go too, and tell them
kindly, that they did not liko to pay
out any more money till thev know
where it was going, and that they
wanted to- help choose the men who
wero to use it
Well, they did go. And now, Charlie
what would you havo told them, if you
had been one of their Glastonbury broth
Ah! that is well, my hoy; I admire
your spirit very much, only it would be
more proper to say "come ahead," than
"go ahead," for you know she did not
ask nor wish to go ahead of her brothers,
but only to come ahead far enough so as
to have an equal chance In the race, as
it were-. Now do any of you think she
,did wrong to ask so much? Not one !
That is a great honor to you, my dears.
But her brothers, though they did not
fly into a passion and strike her, nor call
her bad name-, that I know or, they did
something c!e justasbad. They went
nnd took away seven of her beautiful
pet cows !
No wonder you groan, children; I had
rather hear that groan than the sweetest
tunes you sing; and that is saying a
great deal, for I love to listen to your
little songs.
But now that you will see what It
all means 1 will read you the "play."
You have all heard the words; but they
now have a new meaning, which will be
an added charm. Boys, you must not
feel badly about taking such naughty
partsfor we nil know that you will be
only "aeting," and not showing out
your real natures. Be sure, all of you,
nnd remember the directions which are
given with the piece, when you come to
act it, and hold up your aprons or ban
ners so that every lrndy can see the
Now here is tiie play. It is named
( ll'JU r3t ' Iu- tit ihg Mar wsrrfr tht ealD
ScKsr. In the lxirkgrmind.nn the wall, neit
to (hp celling, U lo be printed
with evergreen!',
At one side of the stage stands a large
house (or picture of a house), with 'fPub
lic Treasury" printed on the door. The
door must be open, and in the house is
seen a large table piled with money bags
and purses. Over these mnst bepriutcd
"People's money," (people's meaning
women as well as men.)
1.- Hat. (To be represented by a small
boy, wearing a black apron, on which is
printed iu red letters formed with bits
of rope, liandcufls, etc., something as
you've seen "rustic" letters made:
"Law giving men, alone, the tisoorthe
t!. C.if. (.Reproseuted by a little girl
carrying a white bauner, on which is
printed, in gilt letters: "Women who
rebel against tho 'Rat' law.")
3. JMg.iUay with red apron, priuted
on which, iu black letters formed of
chains, whips, etc, etc, aro these
words: "Laws and officials that throw
women into prison and take their prop
erty away from them because they rebel
against the 'Rat' law.")
4. Cow irilh the crumpled horn. (Rep
resented by seven cows or pictures of
cows.) , .
5. Maiden. (Two sisters dressed, one
in blue to indicate Truth, one in white
lo represent 3'urity, aud both with
swords to represent Justice. They carry
a white bauner with these words in red:
"Peaceably if we can; forcibly If we
C. Pri&st. (A larger boy thau is used
to represent Rat and Dog, aud he must
carry iu one hand a large, white banner,
on which is written in letters of gold:
"Nqw laws, which shall be 'shaven of
injustice,' aud 'shorn of'brutality;' " and
In the other hand a pair of scales to rep
resent equal justice.) .
waud.) t
Cior.-(To bechanteilibcrore curtain
rises:) f - . ' F
"The maldenj sisters, all ronorn, g
iravefalscdcow with an Alderney horn,
That ahall tSa the do; thatyrories the cat
ThaTcanghf therat that" atfftho malt
That lay In the bouse that Jackbullt."
Curtain rises. Enter Mother Goose
with wand, the other characters stand
ing In a row.
Mother Q. (Pointing to l'uunc lreas-
if. i
nrvi. "That Is the house mat, jaui.
built" fPointing at money), "and'this
is the malt that Iay-inthehouse-thnt
Jack built."
Mat. (Stepping forward and flapping
apron), "This is the Rat that ale tne
malt that lay in the house that Jack
Cat. (Steps forward waving banner),
"This Is the Cat that caught the Rat
that ate tho malt that lay in Hie house
that Jock built"
Bog. (Stepping forward, flapping
apron), "This is the Dog that worried
the Cat that caught the Rat that ate
the malt that lay In the house that Jack
Mother Goote. (Pointing at Aldcrny
cows, or picture of cows), "There is the
Cow with the Alderney horn that will
toss tho Dog that worried the Cat that
caught the Rat that ate the malt that lay
in the house that Jack built."
Maiden. (Sisters step forward, wav-
swords and banner), "Here Is the Mafd-
en, all forlorn, who raised the Cow with
the Alderny horn, that will toss the Do;
that worries the Cat that caught the
Rat that ale the malt that lay in the
house that Jack built."
J'ricsl. (Stepping forward holding
out scales aud waving banner), "This is
the I'riest, all shaven and shorn, who
married the Maiden all forlorn who
raised the Cow with an Alderny horn
that will toss the Dog that wortles the
Cat that caught the Rat that ate the
malt that lay in the house that Jack
Chorus. (Chanted), "The maiden sis
ters, all mrlorn, have lost their Cow with
tho Alderney horn that will toss the Dog
that worries the Cat that caught the Rat
that ate the malt that lay In the house
that Jack built."
Mother Goose. (Stepping forward
with a low bow to the audience), "Bo
hold, Oh ye people! And be exceeding
glad at the fulfillment of this grim
'Mother Goose'prophecy. As for the Rat
he already begins to feel himself upon
the 'Iiorn of the dilemma,' so to speak
uot knowing when his time may come.
Now, tho Cat Is freed from her tor
menter, he being so tossed up, 'over the
moon' as it were, and the poor Cat has
been brought back to health and strength
by the 'milk of human kiuduess' pro
vided by the reinfociug benefactor !"
(Curtain drops.)
Tlie Servant-Girl Problem.
As one successful fact is worth columus
of speculation, allow me to relate an ex
periment which T have lately tried with
such happy results that otherdespairing
"missisess" have gone and done like
wise, last spring, it became my turn
to keep house for n very mixed family
of old and young, with very different
tastes, tempers and pursuits. For sev
eral years Irish incapablcs have reigned
in our kitchen, and general discomfort
lias pervaded the house. The girl then
serving had been with us a year, and
was an unusually intelligent person, but
the faults of her race seemed to be un
conquerable, and tho winter had been a
most tryiug one all around.
My first edict was, "Biddy must go."
"You won't get any one else, mum, so
early in the season," said Biddy, with
much satisfaction at my approaching I
downfall. "Then I'll do the work my-1
uelf, so you can pack up," was mv un
daunted reply. Biddy departed, sure or
au early recall, and Tor a month I did do
the work myself, looking about mean
time for help. "No Irish need apply,"
was my answer to the half-dozen girls
who, spiteof Biddy's prophecy, did come
to take the place. I tried a fat Scotch
woman, but as she could not go down
cellar, upset the gravity of the children
when she waited at table, and thought
our abode "the countriest place she ever
saw," she lumbered away after a short
stay. Another bout at general house
work satisfied me that one person could
easily do it if she was not also expected
to entertain muclt company, and run
errands, write several dozen letters a
week, and do the family sowing. "One
other woman, to see to the food depart
ments and leave me free after my morn
ing work is done, is what I need. Now
where shall I find her?" was my decision.
Remembering a happy experience of
other years, when we auswered the ad
vertisement of a house-keeper aud got an
excellent woman who did all the work
for three dollars a week, I turned to the
column of wants in the Transcript and
found five advertisements of American
women wishing places as house-keepers.
I answered several, saw one young
widow with a child, also a pert spinier,
whoso first question was, "Is your lather
a widower?" nnd several stout ladles
who wished merely to order other ser
vants about nnd were altogether too
elegant for our simple family. Two re
mained who seemed eligible, Miss Ame
lia C. and Miss Annie S. Miss Amelia
was too mucli dressed, and seemed
rather afraid of work; so after a look at
her I gave her up and went after Miss
I round n delicate little woman or
thirty, perhaps, neat, modest, cheerful
and ladylike. She made no promises,
but said, "I'll come and try;" so I en
gaged her at three dollars a week, to
take charge of the kitchen department
She came, and with her coming peace
fell upon our perturbed family a peace
that lasted unbroken for four months, in
spiteaof much company, dangerous ill
ness in the house, nnd many unforseen
Incidents. My littlo Miss S. was one of
the family, for in tho beginning I said
to her: "I want some one to work with
me as my sisters used to do. There is no
mistress or maid about it, and the favor
is as much on yourside as mine. Work
is a part of my religion nnd there is no
degradation iu it, so you aro as much a
lady to mc, cooking my dinner in the
kitchen, as any friend who sits in the
parlor. Eat with us, talk with us,
work with us; aud when the dally tasks
are done, rest with us, read our books,
sit in our parlor, and enjoy all we can
offer you in return for your faithful and
intelligent services."
Sho smiled, aud looked as if she caught
a glimpse of hope aud comfort after
much weary seeking for a homo as well
as a place. I think sho found that I
kept my word, and was a happy Utile,
woman all summer. X Know that a
"i. Mother Goose (Old
great IoadMvas lifted ofmy shoulders,
when-day after tlay-I found three nicely- ;
cooked meals ready at the appointed
hour, my kitchen always neat, witu no
files imuncovered milk, no dish. towels
under the stow, no silver in the sink,
or the table looking as if set by a hurri
cane. r She did the rnarketing also, and
the monllliy Ullis suoncu a surprising
difierence, for no spoilt messes went to
the pigs, timely Qare kept things in or
der, and cood judgment made economy
a.pleasant possibility.
w iien liiness caim.-, i uau uu inuuut
farnnvHilncrbevond the sick room: all
went below as regularly as if I were still
there. If friends called, my neat house
keeper could receive and reply to their
inquiries, u loi i .-,
me with some, tempting dish and begged
mo take it, with a look of sympathy
that made it sweet; and when I asked
n.n family had trot on, I found that
all had fared well, and no sense of neg
lect or Waste aiiueu to U'i aiiAieiiea.
Onlv one failing did I discouver in Miss
S. ( I always gave nc a"
me mine, and returned the respect she
aid me as scrupuumj j- y.j
:t. woo nnf vnrv stromr. for inuchwork
tnr imr what It does for most
American women in her case, and by
lessening her iiealtn nau impaireu iier
uscfrilness. Finding that tho washing
was too hard for her, I got astout neigh
bor to come in and do it.
The good Irish woman sniffed at first
at my "lady," as she called Miss S., but
before tho summer was over the kind
soul gave in and said heartily, "Sure,
Miss, dear, it's a nice little crater she is
and mighty hclplul to ye, lave alone her
being a true lady. I'm wishingye'll get
another as good when she goes."
So did I, for alas, my little S. did go,
because she only came for the summer
and preferred the city in winter. Her
lame, However, nau gonu auiuuu, im
friend, hearing her praises sung, carrto
to secure her as a comp-iniou for herolu
mother. I could cordially recommend
her to this easier place.for her experience
as a teacher made her a good reader, her
knowledge of neeuie-worK maue uur u
good seamstress, aud the tlirirty House
hold virtues of an intelligent New Eng
land woman made her a comfort in any
home she might enter, lieiore sue ieit,
however, half a dozen of my neighbors,
who, by the way, nan loreiom mo unci
failure of my experiment, came to see,
talk with, and try to tempt Miss S. to
come and do for them what she had
done for me. But she preferred the city
and went, taking with her the respect,
gratitude and regard of the whole family.
Cheered by my first success, I tried
again, and found no lack of excellent
American women longing iur uuuu,
and eager to except the rights, not priv
ileges, which I ollereti inem. .every one
whose advertisement I answered replied
to me, and one person came to see me,
so anxious was she to secure a place
where she could "be treated like a lady,
thougli she did work for her dally
bread;" but a young daughter must be
with her; and though I longed to take
in the homeless souls, we needed but
one, for I could not give up the work
that is ray best medicine lor ootu mmu
and body.
Sol took Miss J., a pretty, soft-eyed
woman, whoso modest dress and gentle
manner won me at once. She was a
farmer's daughter seeking to support
herself, and had lived seven years in one
place as helper, three years as house
keener for a clercrvman, and for two
years had the entire charge of a mother
less little boy. All tnese experiences nau
given her power and skill of different
sorts, and the refinement of1 feeling
which is so grateful in tnose we live
with. Slie, too, had worked hard and
overtaxed her strength; but was ready
to do anything in return for kindness,
respect and the protection of a home.
We liked her even better than our S.,
and the prospect of a lonely winter was
made endurable to me by the presence
of one who could be both helper and
companion. She did the cooking, wash
ing and ironing, thougli I preferred to
help with the latter, as it was better
gymnastics for an arm, cramped with
too much pen-work, tiian any move
ment cure ever invented. As I found
her stronger than Miss S. and able to do
much that I never felt willing to ask of
the other, I gave her four dollars a week,
and felt that it was money well spent.
Unfortunately a sudden change of plan
made it necessary to shut up the houso
for the winter and disband our forces.
I had feared that Miss J. would find it
too solitary, and was both touched and
pleased when she said with real regret:
"Oh, no, I'd give anything to stay
with you till spring or longer. It is tho
sort ot place I wanted and never hoped
to iinu."
I made known the case to a friend,
and in a week five townswomen came to
inquire about my house-keeper, for thi3
second success converted several of the
mostunbelieviug matrons. A place was
soon found, and when I said good-bye to
my friend as well as helper she paid me
the best compliment I ever received: "I
thougiit, perhaps, you wrote one way
about work aud tried another; but you
don't; and If ever you want me I'll come
again with all my heart"
Now this experiment is worth telling,
because it has been successfully tried
with three different women; and there
are plenty more ready to do their, best
in families where they can bo properly -treated.
Some ladies may object to
having a stranger at the table, yet it is
belter to have a lady there than an ear
at the key-hole and an Irish tongue to
gossip of family nfTairs to tho neighbors'
girls. Some would think that this
helper would be in the way if she sat in
the parlor, but a well-bred woman
knows by instinct when to go and when
to stay. Miss S. gently vanished when
visitors came in, or if some duty kept
her there I introduced her, aud so pre
vented any feeling of awkwardness on
the part of guests, or that sense of ex-'
elusion which is so hard to a social or
sensitive woman.
Miss J. always sat in thediningroom,
which in the evening was lighted; tho
folding doors left open and Ihe music or
chat of tho parlor free to her as to us.
It was pleasant to me to see the neat,
pretty woman sitting there, enjoying
the books, brightening at a friendly
word, ready to lend a hand wherever
needed, and so happy in the atmosphere
or freedom which made labor light and
life less sad and solitary for her.
Iu a large and fashionable family this
may not be possible, and I leave such to
their own splendorsand worries. Butin
that great class of families where small
Incomes make economy necessary, help
of tills sort is most needed aud may
easily be found If tho heads of the family
are willing to pay for it in something
besides mouey. These women long for
homes, are well fitted for these cares,
love children, nre glad to help busy
mothers nnd lighten domestic burdens,
if, witli their small wages, they receive
respect, sympathy and tho kindness
that is genuine, not patronizing or
forced. Let theunfeol that thev confer
a favor in living with you, that you aro
cquais, anu mat mo tact or a rew dollars
a week does not build up a wall between
two women who need each other.
Dear ladies, don't say this is senti
mental or impossible, but try it in all
good faith, and take the word or one who
has known both sides or the mistress
and maid question, that if you do your
Eart faithfully you need nover again
avo your substance wasted, your peace
destroyed aud. your home invadedby-
foreign incapablee. Bottom Trantcript,

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