Newspaper Page Text
KBS. A. J. DC5IWAT, Mltor nd Proprietor.
OFFICE-Cob. Fkojtt Wasuisgtos Stbeets
TERMS, IN ADVANCE :
A Journal for the People.
Devoted to the Interests of Humanity.
Independent In Politics and Religion.
illve to all Live Issues, and Thoroughly
Radical In Opposing and Exposing the "Wrongs
I of the Masses.
Free Speech, Free Press, Free People.
CniTDSDondents writing over assumed slgna-
tni-M must make known their names to the
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted on Reasonable
POBTLAND, OREGON, ITUMOY, OCTOBER S7, 1870.
pfXJMBER 7'. Editor, or no attention will be given to their
EDNA AND JOHN:
A Romance or Idaho Flat.
By Mrs. A. J. DUNIWAY,
AUTHOR OP "JUDITH BEID," "SIXES DOffB,"
"AMIE AXD HENRY LEE," "THE HAPPY
HOME," "0X3 WOMAN'S SPHERE,"
ETC., ETC., ETC.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, In the
year 1876, by Mrs. A. J. Dunlway, In the office of
the Librarian of Congress at Washington City.
Woman's degraded, helpless position is the
weak point of our institutions to-day a dis
turbing force everywhere, severing family ties,
filling our asylums with the deaf, the dumb,
the blind, our prisons with criminals, our cit
ies with drunkenness and prostitution, our
homes with disease and death. National Cen
tennlal Equal Rights Protest.
Aunt Judy took especial pains to in
struct her wards in their several lines of
"You see it's the only alternative,"
she would say, decidedly. "John might
teach, if qualified, which he isn't, or
might practice at the bar, if a lawyer,
which he couldn't be under a year's
close application to study; Edna might
teach, only there's other work for her,
and so you must learn to farm. I'm
giving you a splendid chance."
And so, after a few days of diligent
fussiness on Aunt Judy's part, and pas
sive yet diligent obedience on the part
of her charge, the kind lady was ready
for her journey; and the young couple,
who had embarked upon the matrimo
nial voyage with visions of future splen
dor before them, found themselves glad
to get possession, as temporary tenants,
of a lop-sided log cabin with a puncheon
floor, furnished with blue-edged table
ware and unvarnished chairs, with seats
of braided hickory bark.
There was plenty of work to do, in
doors and out. Good Aunt Judy re
solved to start Edna right in all the
paths of industry, so she ordained that
her spare time should be occupied in
quilting at a great maze of patch-work
that hung overhead in the frames at
night aud at meal time, and was low
ered to suit her convenience when there
was nothing else to occupy her hours.
Edna would sometimes cry, arid John
would, often curse his stars, but neither
crying nor cursing proved of any avail.
"They were in for it," as Aunt Judy
had wisely observed, and now they must
both endeavor to make the best of a bad
Aunt Judy's benevolent face was
flushed with satisfaction as she bade
them adieu; and she started on her
journey with a happier feeling at her
heart than she had realized since that
never-to-forgotten day, ever so long be
fore, when the light and joy of her life
Isrent out through a mystery that her
friends had never been able to unravel.
"I guess I'll call on Susan on my way
to the steamerlanding," she said to her
self. "No doubt she'll be able to make
some wise suggestions about the young
people. She'll be glad, too, to hear from
Edna, for mothers will be mothers. I
know mighty well that my poor moth
er's heart was broken because of her
truant there.' There's no use in wor
rying. She' went to her long home
years ago, and I'm still spared. What
for's always been a mystery, but doubt
less for so me wise purpose."
"Howd'ye do, Susan?" shecried, step
ping briskly in spite of the redundancy
of her avoirdupois, as she entered the
great farm kitchen of Solon Rutherford.
"Poorly, Judy, poorly," was the sad
reply of the weary wife of the wealthy
farmer, who lifted a heavy cheese and
turned it nether side up as she spoke.
"Sometimes, Judy, I get to wondering
what life's for, anyway. It seems so
barren of anything lasting or real that's
worth having! I'ts toil, toil, scrimp,
scrimp, save, save, to the end of the
chapter. Twenty-five or thirty years
ago I stood it first rate, for I thought
we'd be able to live comfortable in our
old days; but the more property Solon
accumulates the harder I must work to
pay taxes. You know the hundred-acre
lot that "Will Caples owned down below
the big meadow?"
"Yes, Susan; I've gone a strawberry-
Jng through it many a time," said Aunt
Judy, wondering much that her friend
bad nothing to say upon the ail-absorb
ing theme of which she was herself so
"Well, Solon sold the cheese last
week," continued Mrs. Rutherford,
"There was a prime lot of it, too two
thousand pounds at 20 cents and it
netted four hundred dollars. I've never
asked him for any money till lately,
except for necessaries, you know."
"I know," said Aunt Judy, still won
dering what all this preliminary was
"I've worked hard," continued the
good woman, "and well nigh worn my
self out, soul and body, in serving th
owner of all the real estate belonging to
this plantation; and when Edna went
away," here the old lady broke down
and dropping upon a chair, wiped her
tearful eyes with her checked apron,
know she didn't do just right, but sh
was the last I had, and she was so dear
to me, and I wanted to make her a pres
ent. She married a poor stick of a fel
low who might get along if he had
start, for Edna's no shirk when she'.
aroused, and she'd help him; but Solon
flared up when I asked him for a thous
and dollars he had in bank that I knew
he'd no earthly need for, and he acted
like I meant to rob him. Then, when
he sold the cheese, he took that money
which I couldn't help hoping he'd give
to me, seeing I'd served him for thirty
years for nothing, and the thousand I'd
asked him for besides, and put the sums
together and bought that hundred acre
lot. And now he says he won't be able
to buy a new carpet for the sitting
room, nor new paper nor curtains, for it
will take all the fall yield of cheese to
pay the taxes. .So I've begun to wonder
what it's all for, and to wish I could
have a little more that's my own, even
if I had to put up with a little less that's
Solon's. What's to become of Edna, is
more than I know. Penniless, without
clothes, books, or parents' blessing, I
feel like I could die to help her, and yet
I am powerless."
"Do you know where she is, Susan ?"
"'So. But would to God I could
"Would .you help her if you could,
whether Solon knew it or not ?"
"I don't know as I'd dare to try that.
I never disobeyed him in my life."
"Have you always done just what
your conscience approved in carrying
out your implicit obedience ?"
"No, I can't say that I have."
"Then you've stultified your woman
hood and let the will and conscience of
another hold your own in abeyance, Su
san. Is that right ?"
"I don't believe it is."
"Then, take a friend's advice and
never do it again."
"I don't thiuk I understand you."
"Do you know where Edna is, did you
say?" asked Aunt Judy again.
"She's at my house."
Mrs. Rutherford turned deadly pale.
"Is with her, and they've made it up."
"And what do you intend to do with
them, pray ?"
"I've set them to work, and I'm go
ing on a visit to my relatives in the
and pillows-cases and patch-work quilts cabin for your late mistress, Edna OQBBESf OMDENOE 0. S. W. S. A,
ana table-linen by tbe bale, and it an Kutnerioru. Anu miuu .you, not wuru H A Loughary, President O. S.
smacks of the good old days when gins oi mis is to get. out. u, your cunu, s .;Your kind note of invitation
were kept out or boarding school
and taught house-keeping. I'll see
tute. Her father won't assist her, her
that Edna gets her share of all this, if mother can't, and Aunt Judy must. Do
she does her duty while she's on trial." you understand?"
The afternoon was waning rapidly. ".Law, yes, missus: we niggers uave i HO i,at time t shall be in "Rastpm
Supper must be made ready for Mr. that very way o' managing, anMt works Oregon ; but be assured that your cause
lis my cause, aud for it I shall never
Rutherford and the farm -hands, and
Aunt juuy was quite exuausiea as sue "i'oor tuiugs, sigueu nuui juuy as cease t0 iaDor.
unisued cooking me meal anu uroppeu sue turneu away. .ie murneuwom- I am highly gratified with the bealth-
nto a chair at the head of the table en, they are servants without wages, ful rowth nnd raDld strides in nublie
and wielded the fly brush while waiting and like the most of them, they'll ap- sentiment in vour State in favor of ex-
lor me neau.oi me uousenoiu in nervous propnaie wuaiever mej gumer sur- acj aud eqUai justice to the women of
expectancy. reptitlously if they can't uo any better." our country before the law and in social
"Where's Susan, aud bow are you, faambo was ready at me appointed njfe. never before have I felt so deeply
cousin Judy?" asked that dignitary, as time.
the urgent need of honest, earnest la
bor in tbe field of reform, and more es
pecially in the woman movement. In
woman's enfranchisement are involved
principles high as heaven and broad as
the universe; principles holy as the in
cense from the altar of eternal truth
principles which underlie the well-being
of the family, the church, aud the State.
The record of past history is a reveal
ment of the great truth that the status
of the unit or individual is the measure
and status of the nation
At wuat a lean ill cost lias our own
dear country taken lessons in the dear
school of experience ! At what a sacri
flee of blood and treasure did we redeem
our fair land from the blighting and
corroding curse of negro slavery ! Tbe
principle involved in that question was
"I'm glad you' vegotyourduds, Edna; justice and individual sovereignty. The
but let my wife even try to deceive me same principle is involved in our strug-.
She didn't know as you'd be at home in any way, and I'll see if she don't rue gie to-day, and the same prayer is going
for a day or two you so often go away it." up from a multitude of hearts that are
like that, you know and the boat was "And who made you the custodian of bound down under the burdens of legal
coming and I was liere, and I just your wife's will and conscience, pray, and 60cial disability. Is our social sys
bustled her off. If you feel angry with that she is to be compelled to live, tern permeated with corruption? And
breathe, and have her beiug only as you are our courts flooded with petitions for
shall dictate?" cried Edna, her eyes divorce ? Is our political economy a
flashing with mingled anger and con
ixo ue conunueu.j
he gazed at the unexpected yet plump
apparition iu geuuiue surprise. "Is
anybody sick ?"
"A friend of Susan's is iu great trou
ble, and she was obliged to go away on
the steamer to see about the matter, and
hadn't time to tell you good-bye. She
left me to keep house and keep things
going while she's away. Maybe she
Ou't be gone but a day or two."
Solon Rutherford was thunderstruck.
The possibility that the patient wife
who had uncomplainingly drudged for
m for a third of a century, aud, ilur-
ng- all that time, had never dared to
think and act for herself, would ever do
such a thing, had never before occurred
to him, even for an instant. He was
botli grieved aud angry.
"Indeed, she couldn't help it, cousin
Solon," said Aunt Judy, soothingly
South. I mean to let 'em try house
keeping on a small scale till they get
able to do better."
"O, Judy ! If Solon would only help
'em, or let me! There's no kind of use
in our holding out against them. If
he'd minded me in tbe first place, I'd a
kept Edna out of (.lie boardiug school,
and then she wouldn't have run off and
been disobedient. She told me once in
the beaux were all the
of or cared for in that
"Do you kuow what I'd do if I were
ou, Susan?" and Aunt Judy laughed
melodiously as she fidgeted to another
chair, planting her ample proportions
in very close proximity to her friend.
"Not being you, Judith, how should I
know ?" was the quick reply.
Would you like to know ?'
I'd like for somebody, or anybody,
to light me through this trouble," aud
Mrs. Rutherford's checked apron again
sought her eyes to hide the falling tears
"If Edna was my daughter, and I the
wife of a rich mau, whose riches I bad
mainly earned myself, as you have, I'd
teach him a trick worth a dozen of what
he's up to, Susan."
Mrs. Rutherford could not even
as through a glass, darkly.
Pd go to the bank and get the
money," said Aunt Judy.
"Where? What bank?"
"The St. Louis National. Solou has
cords of money there, gorging itself to
repletion on compound interest and do
ing nobody any good."
"But how would you get it ?"
"Go aud demand it as tbe wife of So
Ion Rutherford. They won't imagine
but it's all right, and they'll be afraid
of offending your rich husband if they
refuse it; so, as a bird iu the band'
worth two in the bush, you'd better
go while you're in the notion aud secure
"But how can I leave home?" asked
Mrs. Rutherford, iu a fright
"I'll stay here till you return," said
her friend. "I'm in no hurry. There1
the boat, now, and you'll be compelled
to hurry up. The dress you have on is
all right. A clean, well-starched ging
ham is good enough for any farmer';
wife. Here's a clean collar, and here
your cap, aud you may wear my silk
mantilla. Now you're ready, and here':
money to pay your fare and hotel bills
You'd better stop at the American Ex
change. They're used to farmers there.
And don't you come back without that
"But Solon what'll he say?'
"Just nothing at all. Or, if he does
fume, it won't hurt him, or you, either.
just leave niin to me. I'lLmanage
Before Mrs. Rutherford had time to
reflect, she found herself on the steamer
and going rapidly down the river.
Then, after it was too late to retract her
resolve and its consequences, she began
to grow timid and regret her course,
Aunt Judy had no sooner gained tern
porary control over the home of Solon
Rutherford than she began collecting
tbe various articles of wearing apparel
that belonged to Edna,
"I'll see that tbe silly child has the
rags, at all events," she said, looking
wise and smiling to herself in perfect
complacency. "Dresses enough to stock
a second-hand clothing store, and all
going to waste unless Edna sets 'em.
she continued, while she fairly hugged
herself wit)) delight. "And here's sheets
has married a poor man, and is desti-
to speak in the interest of woman's en
franchisement at your State meeting is
at band, and I hasten to express my re
grets that it is impossible for me to do
the Interests of men almost wholly. It
could not be expected that women at
this age of the world, when society is
dropping oil' its ancient superstitions
and barbarous practices so rapidly,
should be willing to sit still in the fet
ters that bound them when men too
little better than the slaves of
The great watch dog was silenced in
obedience to his command, and nobody
being astir to discover him, he readily
got possession of the booty and disap
peared in the waving corn. " "
Depositing the burden upon the hum
ble door-step of Aunt Judy's home and
departing as noiselessly as he came, the
inmates of the cabin did not know till
morning that he had visited them and
the much-needed prize had come.
Edua laughed and cried by turns.
The very things needed most were iu
the selection, and she laid mauy plans
for their completest utilization as she
unfolded them one by one.
'What has come over my mother that
she has dared to do this?" she asked
herself over and over again.
Poor in the Midst of Millions.
Tn fiio nirnnnt of the death of James
T.nr tha millionaire, at the Lick House
on Sunday October 1st, there is subject
for more than tne usual suggestive
thought. Mr. Lick was an old man,
having lived eighty years of this chang
ing life. His name is famed, not only
for his munificent donations to various
feudal barons, or, at the best, the ser- benevolent and educational Institutions,
vauts and instruments of brutal kings but for his eccentricities. Among the
and ignorant clergy. It is due to the " , fv car' led
orld, quite as much as to ourselves, out that even up to a short time before
that we should rise above the baseness I his death he would allow no woman to
of our former condition. enter his room or wait upon him.
mi i. c. .. l ine description oi nis ueaiu-ueu sueuo
The argument so often and fluently innofhiLddpnintr to thethought-
ttered, that most women are content f,,i nprson who reads. The words of the
to be just what they are, if true, which poem familiar to every school-boy fitly
is not, is but a poor and illogical one. describe it :
. i ..I rnerB was lacs, oi uuiuu a uuioiui
the dark ages men were content, There was dearth of woman's tears."
through ignorance, to remain in bond- Tue dusty and neglected room, the
age; but did that brutish stupidity and dlugy surroundings, the group of men
ndifference to the wrongs they were attached to the dying man by no ties
I - i 1.1 II.. tntr thn n h
suffering make the wrongs right? ' 3lZ; U fc
Would not any true philanthropist es- ., tha ictr 0f her gentle ministry
say to raise them out of the darkness and the devotion in the life of this ione
and mire of such lives ? It is no argu- 'y "Id man, a pauper in the midst of
. i , , .... , i millions : lor a mau wiiuout me icuuci
ment at all against the movement to el- Ln'Xf wife child, or kindred to min-
evate woman to a social and political istertohis last hours is poor indeed. Itis
equality with man, that so many are in- said this milllonare was so unsocial, mo-
iflerent to the demand. They will not "se, anu lrruaoie mat it was eAuccu.ufc-
be indifferent when these privileges are l anv won
brought within their reach. I remem- p0or, lonely old man I without a single
ber talking with a fine-looking negress, soul of his own blood to smooth
before the Rebellion, on the subject of bis pillow or ' cbeer his heart with a tone
niithprn maa-1 - J. 1 .r ,: iit
her enslavement to her Southern mas-
anybody,'I'm your customer."
The ruler of the Rutherford realm ate
his food in sullen silence. The farm
hands partook of his moodiness, and
Aunt Judy, who was accustomed at
home to the purring companionship of
her harmonious kitten, felt gloomy and
wretched. But she kept her own coun
sel aud toiled diligently. She was an
adept in all the intricacies of house
keeping, not even excepting the drudg
ery ot mauing butter and cueese for
'Solon's like a hen with its head off,"
she exclaimed to herself. "Wish I had
the training of him for a while! I'd
show him whether or not my soul was
But she didn't have the training of
the husbaud of Susan Rutherford, and
there was no use iu speculating upon it.
The head of the household lost inter
est in his habitual buggy rides, lost re-
ard for his huudred acres of recently
purchased real estate, and lost concern
for even tbe constantly accruing taxes,
about which be had for years bad a
chronic habit of annoying his uncom
plaining wife. What to him was the
world without Susan, now that she was
gone? What to him -his vast posses
sions if she were not there to guide and
direct their management? Not that
he was in the habit of allowing her any
control over the business: as head of
the firm, such a possibility was not to be
harbored by him for an instant. But he
missed her as his body servant; missed
her as the unresisting recipient of his
gloomy moods; missed her, in short,
upon general principles, chief among
which was the fact that he consideredlt
her duty to be at home.
He had heard of strong-minded worn
en, so-called, who hud managed allairs
in some degreo according to their own
liKlng. Wueu -other men bad some
times complained that their wives did
not always obey them implicitly, it bad
been tbe boast of Solon Rutherford that
his wife knew her place and kept it;
and now she was gone gone without so
much as saying "by your leave," com
pelling him to remain in uncertainty as
to her exact whereabouts. Was a man
ever abused like this before?
Do what he would, however, he could
not complain that the machinery of
home was being neglected during her
absence. . Aunt Judy took good care
that he should have nothing of that
kind to worry over. Had he known the
overhauling for Edna's benefit that was
going on over the house when he was
out of sight, he would have been insuf-
Gail Hamilton on Prisoners.
This popular writer thus discourses in
the Kew Arte regarding the treatment
of prisoners :
When a man is imprisoned for everso
short a time, let his intellectual and
moral, as well as his industrial, educa
tion be taken up at precisely the point
where it was relinquished outside. If
he is a scholar, let his scholarship come
into play. If he has robbed, let him re-
store.the amount robbed before his re
turn to freedom. Let him learn the
value of daily earnings and accumulated
treasures by accumulations and earn
ings of his own. That is, let not society
inflict a purely arbitrary but a natural
and logical punishment. He is a wick
ed mau : but half the value of punish
ment is lost when we remember oply
tbe wickedness and forgetthe manhood.
Just as intich is gained by treating
criminals rationally as by treating
children rationally ; for criminals are a
sort of spoiled children. They have
violated State law, but we have no right
to violate it towards them. JNo more
should we violate or disregard natural
law in dealing with them. Cause and
effect, motive and sentiment, have just
as full play with thorn as with outside
folk. A violent and desperate fellow
entered upon his imprisonment, declar
ing that nothing should induce him to
perform the allotted task-work. When
he was brought out with tue others, he
sat passive, i'or several days the war
den took no notice of him. Then he
quietly asked him who he was, why he
was there, how.iong was his sentence-
as if he Knew nothing about mm and
then as quietly added that the term of
his sentence would be considered to be
gin from the time when be began to
work. The man looked at tbe warden a
moment. A new light broke upon his
mind ; he went to work at once, and
remained, during his imprisonment, one
of the most orderly aud well-disposed of
all the inmates.
I wish I could add that after he came
out he led a life of industry, honesty,
and sobriety, and died lamented ; but
that I do not Know. 1 am sure he was
more likely to do so tbau if he bad been
flogged aud "burked'1 and shower
bathed, aud hung up by his thumbs,
and kept iu solitary confinement in a
Let the sighing of the prisoner come
belore thee, not that be may be released
from prison, but that his soul may be
loosed from its bonds.
When Men Are at Theiu Best.
Dr. Beard states that from an analysis
of the lives of a thousand representative
men from all the great branches of the
human family, he has made the discov
ery that the golden decade is between
rorty and fifty; the brazen between
twenty and thirty; the iron between
fifty and sixty. The superiority of
sham? And are fraud and peculation
the order of the day? Is not tbe popu
lar religious sentiment of the day al
most a farce, exerting but little influ
ence in staying the uprising tide of in
temperance and crime? Is it not true
that our whole social and political
structure is suffering to-day from moral
pollution, which takes root in woman's
slavery ? But, oh ! how hard it is to
beat through the prejudice which, like
a cloud, hangs about the reason of our
people! How hard it is for our people
to profit by the lessons of the past
How hard to realize that God, the Eter
nal Father, Is not ouly the father of all
truth, but of justice aud freedom, and
that freedom is not Christian or Jewish
or Gentile, or male or female, but like
the goodness of Go i it comes streaming
down tbe ages, a rich inheritance to
common humanity. Thus it Is, every
attribute of God is pledged to the final
triumph of humati freedom.
Be not weary in well-doing, nor yet
fall out by the way ; be of one mind,
with an eye single to the enfranchise
ment of woman, leaving out all side is
sues not praying by petition, but de
manding ou the ground of justice, nat
ural right, aud individual sovereignty
the ballot, that emblem of heaven's
highest gift, the crowning glory of civ
ilized life, and a lever to elevate a com
mon humauity into the sunlight of free
With all good wishes, I am heart and
soul iu the work of reformers,
J. L. York.
Portland, September 4, 187G.
To the President of the O. S. W. S. A.
Madam: I beg leave to acknowledge
the receipt of your communication of
the 18th inst., inviting me to be present
and address the Oregon State Woman
Suffrage Association at Salem on the
26tb of September next. I regret that
my engagements are such that I cannot
safely accept the invitation to address
the Association nor undertake to be
nreseut at the meeting. Permit me,
however, to assure you that I am heart
ily in sympathy with the objects of th
Association. Respectfully yours,
J. N. Dou'ir,
Portland, Oregon, August, 25, 1870.
ter, and she assured me she would not mercenary ; sick and helpless upon his
be free if she could; "it was not her bed, was it any wonder ho was morose,
i . t. t . !., r Pfppntrln and irritable? Iu spite of his
iijuuc uc nee, utilities nua luuuo iui . . - t..
1 1 l --,f ,i Diraralnii fn wnmpn. James
servants to de white folks." But how f ,,, ,,,, ,innntinn of S100.000 to the
many negroes talked in that way when old Ladies' Home, showed that he had
frppilnm naniP within thpir rpac.h ? somewhere hidden in his Strange,
What would they not endure for the warped nature .
sake of liberty, then? What stauuch Klnnirpli nis mother and "the miller's
Republicans are the blacks still, because daughter of Lebanon," tbe only wom
the Republican party liberated them ! an he ever loved, and whom her father
Tbe party that shall liberate women . "S" D" ? I bH
will be the strongest party ever known R,, .f So(.ietv. and S300.000 to the en
n this Republic. dowment of a School for Mechanic's
I think that women who have been Arts, to educate men and women equal-
trying to accomplish good in other ."'y
ways, in moral reforms, temperance, fh?.iPSnisMl sex iu life. James Lick, by
etc., are about ready to "come over and I his geuerons donations, proved that he
IipIt, iiu ' Tliovnro honmler pnnvlnnprl dill Uot dlSdalU tO benent UBU1 luiei
w th-,!. nr. w at. death. Then in all sincerity let us say
so long as they have no political power,
I was a working ally of the "temperance
crusade," not so much because I ex
pected the Lord of heaven and earth to
shut up saloons iu direct and miracu
To the Friends of Woman Suffrage in
Convention assembled : For reasons of
a private nature i am unaoie to at
tend the special session of the O. S
W. S. A., appointed for the 26th prox
nnn ci l - r -i no oiinarinririr nr .... . . .
ferably angry; but there was quite as ' , i-lii. ":rM -S-i "; but that It may not be conjectured
good care taken that he should not oritrinal work anDears all the greater tbat my faith and zeal are lessening,
know as there was to keen the work when we consider the fact that all the address this note to those friends oi the
4 i . .....
about "the house and poultry-yard well P0S'i'"S oi nonor anu presuge proies- cause who are more lortunate than my
anran no nnt n in n era r wi n a n ra m r nn . . ..
'.'"'""i"3 - self In being ab e to attend
hnnrlD - t th nttt If ami rntinn 1 1 L'a i u
monev and nosition. is mainlv confined Evcfy year 1 miSht also 9a' every
to the old. Men are not widely known
until loug after they have done the
fi'nrlr 11, nl rritrpa lllpm fllpip fiimp Pnr.
Are you good at keeping secrets, traitsof great men aredeluslons: statues
Sambo?" asked Aunt Judy of one of tbe are lies! They are taken when men
farm servants that before the late "un- have become famous, which, on the
up to the accustomed scratch. So Solon
bad nothing to do but be miserable, and
he enjoyed the opportunity to his heart's
day of my life, 1 am more and more
thoroughly satisfied that uutll women
are promoted to a political equality
with men they will contiuue not only
to suffer as they have heretofore suffered
pleasantness" abounded as chattel prop
erty throughout the South.
"Yes, missus. Any orders ?" and the
darkey crossed his feet, cocked one eye,
and grinned expectantly.
"Yes, Sambo, I have orders, and I
want you to promise tbat you'll try to
execute them promptly and keep my
"Any pay in it, missus? Ye see, dis
nigger's been runnin' on sho't 'lowance
for nigh onto forty yeah, an' if dar's
cash in the job, I nevah stan' on scru
"Here's a handful of coppers, Sambo,
and you shall have them every one if
you'll come to-night after you're sure
your master is sound asleep and get a
two-bushel grain sack from my cham
ber window and carry it over to my
average, is at least twenty-live years from' the inequality of their position
a.ier tuey uia inewor. lum gave mem i,ut that their uubanniness must increase
their rame. Original work requires en- . ,
tbusiasm. If all the original work dono the ratio of the world's progress, and
by men under forty-five were annihi- the increase of their Intelligence aud in
lated, they would be reduced to barbar- tellectual culture. The present social
ism. Men are at their best at tbat time
when enthusiasm aud experience area!
most evenly balanced. This period, on
tbe average, is from tbirty-eigbt to
forty. After this tbe law is, that expe
rience increases, but enthusiasm de
It is only by a terrible strain ou the
muscles of his face that a doctor can
look solemn when a neighbor remarks
to him that there is a great deal of sick
ness In the city. Home Sentinel.
position of woman is that of a conven
ient appendage to the establishments of
men. As a child, she is initiated into
ber future inferior condition by the
thousand ways in which she is taught
tbe "difference" between the status of
boys and girls. As a young lady she is
still taught tbat her whole line of con
duct and style of dress and accomplish
ments must refer to the opinions of
men; as a wife, ber duty is to her hus-
This even surpasses the sewing-ma- hanrl: a mother, she bears children
chine man: An intinerant Photogra- fc f h lf bM for her lord and maa,
until she could raise JUO"'""i """"
day as hostage.
fifty cents to pay for its picture.
1 lbok to her welfare, are really made in
of those surrounding him as merely
of him : "Jtequicscat m pace."J.nc
Jesse Pomeroy's Terrible Doom.
Jesse Pomeroy, says a Boston paper,
h;is heen transferred from the Boston
lous answer to prayer, as because I be- jail to the State prison in Chatlestown,
cue lnswiuuuu wmuu viwvciuw
has designated as his home during the
lieved in our right to attack by irregular
measures those evils tbat meu prevent baInn"t his davs A room In the up-
our attacking by regular ones, and be- per arch of the prison has been specially
not nrenared for the young flend. Over it
! . . i - . . I 1 : 0, n.nU nMioa
IS Hie UOSpillW UUU UUUCl Ibtt atuicuuuac.
The entrance to the arcu is irom a lauu-
in leading to the hospital stairs, ac
cess to which can be obtained from
tbn vard bv oneuing a heavy Iron door,
and also from the lower corridors of tbe
west wing, bv means of a wooden door,
which is always kept locked when net
used. At the landing is another ueavy
Iron door, which, ou being opened, re
veals a dimly-lighted hallway, on each
side of which are seven rooms or cells.
In the farthest room from the entrance
ou the southerly side of tbe wiug is the
apartment prepared for Pomeroy. It is
nine feet long, eigut leer, wiue, uuu seven
feet high, lighted by two crevices, each
two feet loug and six inches wide, which
are uot grated. The door Is a close iron
one, which is fastened by a heavy pad
lock. In the room is a woouen ueusieau,
nroripr bed-clothing, and a stool. Pom
eroy will be visited three'times dally by
work long in that way without rinding
out their need ot the ballot. In the
same way I have worked with the
'Women's Baud of Helpers," though I
felt that every step they took in the en
deavor to benefit tbe lost of their own
sex would prove to them that so long as
men have tbe mastery of this world,
women may labor in vain to rescue the
fallen who have no voice in the making
of the laws that govern them. I should
think, (no, that the action of the Na
tional Young Men's Christian Associa
tion bad given women a biut broad
euough to be taken by them all when
they excluded them from their meeting
last summer. They do uot want us to
concern ourselves about them. Let us
then expend our energies in working for officers, who will bring his food to him,
niirsolvps. nnd in tbn onlv rieht liirpc- but no conversation will be allowed be-
..!,, -i i twpen mm anu auv uurauu, cAtcui, ua-
on, mat win g. ve us vue ng.it anu me the consoIatiou of
nnit'riii tn irnrlf nilaiMifal if T of rrt I - ' ' . . -r w m - . i. 1 : 1 I...
iu eiicv.n.cij. the chaplain, xie win, ins ueueveu, ue
what men may say, or women, either, allowed to have books from the prison
intimidate us; let no petty jealousies library, and possibly religious papers.
nor disgusting scandals turn us aside.
We have no strength to waste on wom
anly squabbles nor manly assaults.
In my opinion, the thing we most
need is moncji. It seems as if it must
It is a question what will be the etl'ect
of the close confinement of the convict.
rtuiavalfect him physically, make him
demented aud more dangerous thau he
is now. It is thought now, since nis
j sentence is commuted, tbat he will not
give up all hope for pardou; that he win
be a long time before we accomplish .try (0 make himself a model convict
anything if we wait to be rich, for that and merit tue commenuaiiou oi ma
i :.!.... t... i. i!t. nuaruiaus ior goon cuuuun, it
e never eau ue uui Jc w. re,igoua
money, some money, is actually and consaUor)) thinking by that means to
imperatively necessary to carry forward imnress unou neonle the belief that he
nnr nirK' Tt ia a crpat nitv we have so is a changed person. It is believed that
l'Ji n 1 ml - I . . ...
his physical health will not be impaired
few women who have either time or
money to the work, and so few male
friends who are willing and able to help he was a Widowek. The cars were
us. running through a deep cut,whose rocky
I proposed a plan last winter that was wall re-echoed the noise of the train
nominally approved by those present at with startling euect.
the February Convention, to start a se- which came the deafening
cret society, or to enter upon a regular roar a ladv on the next seat express-
series of political meetings when the ed her dislike of the noise in such terms
, t .i .ntii hi., that a geutleman requested the pale
scieuL-e Ul BuveiuuieUl, vue v. u.o- - ,". ,,Ia .vil,,imv. This tha
tory of the country, tue local laws, anu , rfuse(i to do. and sat drink-
all kindred topics should be studied and in ,ue confusion of sounds with an
commented upon; and that we should expression of great satisfaction. As
eventually organize into a party, uomi- soon as tne cars stoppeu, 7P"S"3
J ... , .. . expressed their contempt of the pale
uuiu our uauuiuuiH, uuiu c-icbiauus, f rudeness. The pale man
in every way carry on the political work stood iu In his seat and said:
nrmurlv nr n fipnnrnln trnvprnment. I "Gentlemen. I don't Want you to
v.-.vj,.. o . .,.. .;,!
1.1 1. r !.: ol f antinn in U11UK UiU 11 UUL', UUb A vo uccii Luxxicu
r 7"Z 1" " ".I,:" "r eleven years, and last week my wife
"egKiiib ' u w j i t,vb liypM a rerrioiy lonesome
There can scarcely be a doubt but that, iife since then, until I heard the noise
in n pnnnlp of vp.irs. or five of the cars coming through that cut,
at the longest, the other political par- ana yo 'tf no
The passengers torgave mm. .koc-
ties would find a use for us, and be as
desirous of our suffrages as we are to he-
stow them. If I were a public speaker,
I would undertake to organize the wom
an's party, but since I am not, that la
bor must fall to some more efficient
Woman Suffkage. A resolution,
proposing an amendment to the State
Constitution according tbo right of suf-
trage to women, was adopted oy tne
House, last week, after a somewhat pro-
I hope, since you have our legislators traded debate, in which several mem-
at hand, that you will try to get some e.rs exnausieu a yast amount 01. rnei,-
, ' J, , . r .. , oric The resolution met with imme-
of our property laws amended m the in- diate death ,Q the Senate being consign-
terest of widows and married women. ed to that lomb of the Capulets, the
Make inquiry as to what can be done in
tbat direction, and urge it upon our
friends in the Legislature.
Hoping you may have a pleasant
table. As the resolution brought the
matter to a decision by the people, we
can not regard the action of the Senate
as other than controlled by blind prej
udice, unworthy of that body. Wo
meeting and effect something for our have yet to learn that there is danger
cause, I am, as ever, the friend of polit- in trusting any question to a decision at
leal equality, of right, and of justice. the ballot where tbe people are permlt-
F. F. Victor. ted to give free expression to their
Portland, Oregon, September 24, '76. views. Ashland Tidings.