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OFFICE-Cou. Fbot & Wash'igtok Stbeets TERMS, IK ADVANCE: One year. Six months -Hree months... ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted on Reasonable Terms. MARTHA MARBLEH EAD The Maid and Matron or Cbebalem. Br Mrs. A. J. DUNIWAY, AUTHOR OP "JUDITH REID," "ELLEN DOWD,', "AMIE AND HEJ.-RT LEE," "THE HAPPY HOME," "ONE WOMAN'S SPHERE," "ilADQE MORRISON," ETC, ETC., ETC Entered, according to Act or Congress, in the year 1877, by Mrs. A. J. DunI way, in the ofllce of the Librarian of Congress at Washington City 1 CHAPTER XI. Oregon was young in those days, but it boasted many men who had "seen the world," men who had traveled from the island of Ceylon to the peninsula of Karntschatka. and from the land of Kanakas to the city of Washington Oregon bad newspapers, too. Not the present line of dally and weekly bearers of telegraphic dispatches from all parts of the earth, many hours ahead of time, but an unpretending bebdoraaddal or two, which gave the people news by pony express from across the continent every other week. There were start ling accounts of new auriferous discov eries; letterB once in a while from the seat of government; occasional estray notices; at intervals a marriage or a death; frequently an Indian disturb' ance, and regularly all sorts of personal attacks upon aspirants and incumbents' of office. Then, as now, it made but lit tle difference whether the office-seeker or holder were a man of integrity or not No matter how honest and honorable his private life bad been, his newspaper trials began when he became a candi date, and increased when he became an office-holder. Major Marblehead had been so qui etly chosen for his new position that he had escaped much of the personal abuse that better men almost invariably en counter in getting office, and he was not prepared to find himself paraded before the world in the facetious billingsgate of worse than average Bohemians, when be started out to serve his country. Nobody, in bis own estimation, was ever nearer right than. Major Marble bead. He did not remember that be had ever been ridiculed but once, and be flattered himself, whenever he thought of it, that he had amply pun ished King Greensborough for that of fense; so he had accepted his new hon ors with the proud consciousness that he was to be henceforth known and honored among men as one of the rulers of the laud. The Major and Mrs. Marblehead and son were spending their last night in Portland ata primitive hotel that drove a thriving business in eatables, such as they were, at a price that would to-day rejoice the proprietors of the Palace Hotel. It was their first meal iu a pub lic place, and none of them knew aught of the customs of such places of enter tainment. "Leave all to me, Major; I'll manage it," said Mrs. Marblehead, as a finale to a long chapter on "manners" to which she had just been treating bim. Then, aside, to her son, "You keep your eyes open and look about you sharply. The Major's such a consum mate blunderer that he'll have us all in the Weekly Flyer if we're not careful." Thomas Jones promised to look sharp, in obedience to the maternal command, but neither son nor mother was pre' pared lor the pompous aud sonorous "grace" the Major uttered at the far ther end of the long. dining board, whither he had led them, in spite of her intimation that they should Feat them selves at a little side table nearer the door of the dining-room. jnow, jl win not undertake to say mat mere is no virtue in piouounciug "grace" at table. It certainly stimu lates good breeding in a family, and the Christian is not without precedent in his observance of it in his own house hold. Yet we have visited homes where only a "silent blessing" .was invoked where there was far more of decorum observed than we have seen in many another where the stereotyped repeti tions of the same little routine of com mand to the Almighty Father to "bless us, and save us, and sanctify these vict ajs to the use of our perishing bodies Amen," was accompanied, during its progress, by the covert amusement of the children, and follo.wed instantane ously at its close by the irrelevant con vereation which had only been inter rupted to sandwich the religious cere mony between the theme and the food. thereby jnakiug but a mockery of what was intended as a sacrament. We have more than once "Been a min ister make a covert laughing-stock of himself, and through himself of bis re llglon, by just such an ucnonscious ex bibltion of pious vanity at a holel table as that which ended iu the perturbation of Major Marblehead. His voice, wheu in a religious mood was always deep, long-drawn, and "holy." Nobody had ever listened either to bis singing or exhortations without taking particular notice of tb piety of bis tone. People who attended the church where be officiated as dea con were accustomed to it, and many grew to like It, but its effect upon a din lng-room full of Intent and energeti epicures, bent on eating' tbeir money' worth, was explosive. Many laughed outright, and many others, to whom tiie well-remembered ceremony brought S3 00 i 1 75 : 1 oo Free Speech, Free, Press, Free People. Y . .. . i VOLUME VI. mental visions of far-away homes, were I pained at the occurrence. "Dear me !" sighed Mrs. Marblehead, to herself, "why couldn't he know bet ter than to thus make us the objects of ridicule?" Her appetite waB spoiled. She knew the general effect of the Major's manner upon the spectators, though be rested in happy ignorance. She played ner vously with her fork and spoon, and while her husband and son did ample justice to the food before them, she fed upon the deepest humiliation. "Who is he?" asked one, and Mrs. Marblehead not being blessed, as the Major was, with partial deafness, heard both question aud reply. "He's a new official dignitary; one of those wiseacres wbo is to revolutionize politics, engraft God in the Constitu tion, and pray himself into personal prominence and political Immortality." This was said by a mild-mannered gentleman who bad no intention of be ing overheard, and, but for Mrs. Marble bead's acute sensibilities, she would have been oblivious to it. As it was, she was on the alert, and the tympanum of her adjacent ear was like a tightened drum-head. "I wouldn't trust him farther than you could throw a two-year-old bullock by its tail,"" was the decided rejoinder. "You must be a good reader of char acter," remarked the other. "Why ?" "Oh, it's easy enough to see why. You echo the public sentiment exactly. Everybody will know the Major aud his business before he leaves the dining room. Have you observed bis wife? Deuced smart woman, that." "I'll wager a nugget from my Jack sonville placers that she hasn't lived with him as a wife more than a year or two." "And how have you reached that con clusion ?" "Easily enough. Did you ever see a man with over-pious propensities, nar row face, thin lips, high back bead, sharp no9e, grey eyes, and hair combed like the roof of a country meeting house, who had lived to the age of sixty without losing at .least one wife?" 'I never thought of the question in that light before." Well, I have; and you may depend pon it that the old skinflint has buried the mother cf a large family of children, who crucified her life in obedience to his behests. I'll warrant this to be a second, possibly a third wife." Do you think he'll get the better of ber?" "Not n bit of it. She knows his weak side. He's as vain as a peacock, as stubborn as a donkey, as pious as a monk, and as deceitful as the devil. But she'll match him." "But she's doesn't look like a woman who would aspire to be the counterpart of such a persou as you delineate." Mrs. Marblehead blushed. It was her turn to catch it now. "No; the woman's not narrow, nor over pious. But she's ambitious aud unscrupulous, aud dressy ami agreeable, She'll make her way in Washington and his, too." An increased clatter of dishes among the waiters iu the dining-room pre vented further overhearing. But Mrs, Marblehead was not sorry. She bad al ready heard enough. "Excuse me, Major; I am not hun gry," she said, half-rising. "You'd just as well get the worth o' your money. 1 lie pay's all tne same, whether you eat much or little," replied the careful calculator of current ex penses, in a loud, deliberate tone. Mrs. Marblehead curled her lip in dis gust and left the room. Iu truth she was not bad looking.' She had a magnificent figure, ample aud well-proportioned, aud it was easy enough to see how she might make her social mark at the Capital, where bri II- lantand Intellectual women were known to be scarce. When the Major had finished his ample meal, he returned to his chamber, to find the partner of his joys and sor rows iu a feverof mortified indignation. "Old Marblehead, you're a fool I" she exclaimed, stamping her foot. "It is better to dwell in the corner of a housetop than with a brawling wom an in a wide house!" said the Major, solemnly. Mrs. Marblehead was nonplussed for once. .Like very many other non-relig ious persons, she held to a sort of inher ited reverence for the Bible which made It difficult for her to answer any argu meut or accusation having, or seeming to have, its foundation in the Scriptures, The Major had never before attempted such a rebuke in the presence of Mrs Marblehead number two. Aud he was astonished at his own audacity as soon as be had spoken. But his wife's con fusion Inspired him with new courage, A tyrant is always a coward, and a cow ard is always a bully, so long as the ob ject of bis attempted power is in retreat, But Mrs. Marblehead bad no idea of liual retreat. She paced the floor a few minutes in silence, and then turned upon her liege with a merry laugh. "I overheard some conversation con cerning you at table, which you and Tom were too busily engaged in eating to listen to, and you're going to catch fits in to-morrow's Flyer," she said, shaking her finger, aud looking archly at bim, like the arrant coquet that she was. POTtTIVINHD, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 X877. "Catch whatt" he asked, his voice trembling, and heart beating audibly. "Catch fits," she repeated, uncon sciously adopting fGe provincial slang of the period. The Major trembled anew; not with rage, as would nave oeen nis wont ii somebody had planned an assault upon him in the little church, where be was certain of his ground, and knew the power to be all in his own hands; but he trembled with apprehension, for he felt that he was not master of the pres ent situation. Nor was he. There was a power behind "the throne much greater than the throne itself. Aud this many another man as weak and tyrannical as Major.Marblehead has discovered to his sorrow. "What did you hear, Martha?" he asked, pleadingly. Again the lady laughed. She was gaining ground. But she preferred to- deiay ber final triumph for a. season, just as a skillful angler sometimes In clines to keep the fatal bait for a little while In sight, beyoud the reash of his piscatorial victim. "This is the first time you ever called me Martha, Major; don't repeat it," she answered, sobering. "Why, darling?" "Worse and worse! You're getting spooney, Major. Hut look nere. lou and I know precious well that there sn't a shadow of real sentiment be tween us. You married me to get a housekeeper, and I married you to get an ollice. holder. If I am succeeding better than you.it is all owing to my feminine far-sightedness. ' Don't be a fool. Don't darling nor Martha me. That sort of pussy-cat nonsense might have been agreeable pap for number oue; but number two is none of your die-aways." "I'll resign that confounded office at once, aud return to the farm !" he said, defiantly. "No you won't, Major." Mrs. Marblehead was as unruffled as a summer sea. "You'll see if I don't," he answered, cowering visibly. "TJien good-bye to housekeeper and office both, Major," she answered, mak ing a feint to pack her trunks, prepara tory to taking her own departure from the premises. Again the head of the family was baf fled. He strode across the room like oue demented. Then he set his teeth squarely together (I mean the few re' maining molars; bis others had long since been worn and broken to me roots), and hissed, in a low tone: "Mrs. Marblehead, do you know how I managed my first wife?" "I do not care to inquire, Major Mar blehead," she replied, carelessly. "I'm your second wife!" "I know you are! Coufound the luck ! "Don't swear, Major. Remember the religious stand you took a little while ago at the public table. Our modern hotel walls have ears sometimes. You might injure your reputation and stand ing in the church." The Major advanced toward his wife witli threatening gestures, glaring eyes, and clenched fists. "I walloped the first Mrs. Marblehead the very first aud only time she ever dared to disobey me. And there's just as much nerve and muscle in these hands to-day as there was thirty-five years ago !" Mrs. Marblehead arose from the trunk she was packing aud stood erect. Do you know who you are talking to, old man ?" she asked, calmly, while a suspicious light flashed from hereyes,- and her lips quivered slightly. The "old man" bowed. "Now, Major, see here ! Suppose you try whipping me once! Do you know what I would do?" No reply. "Well, I'll tell you, sir. You try it! But don't you ever dare to go to sleep again if you do, or I'll cut your throat from ear to ear!" O, Lord! What wickedness!" ex claimed the lord of the matrimonial re lation. Mrs. Marblehead did not continue her packing. She saw that the Benedict was conquered. "What fools women are!" she uoliln- quized, turning toward the window and gazing out upon the liver. "A man that will tyrannize over his wile will always prove himself a coward when she defies him. The Major' 1 1 do splen didly If he's rightly managed." While the wife was thus ruminating, the husband was eyeing her askance. "tone's a wonuertui woman, and no miBtake!" was his mental ejaculation. And both were satisfied. "I believe I'll try a walk, Mrs. Mar blehead," said be, after a painful silence, "Just what you ought to do, Major, A man of your prominence and piety should mingle much among the people for example's sake. Then, it is a duty you owe your constituents, to show them that your exalted position has not in the least inflated you with worldly or personal vanity." The Major sSKr his "duty" clearly, and sought the crowded street. Mrs. Marblehead quickly opened her writing desk, and scribbled briskly for several minutes, after which she called the porter. "Send mea trusty errand-boy, please." "All right, mum." The boy came, aa bidden. "I want you to take this letter to the Flyer office and deliver it to the editor in person. Say to him that you know its contents to be genuine, and here's a quarter of a dollar." "I never tells lies that cheap, mum. Not for nobody." "Well, tell him the name of the real author accompanies the letter, and I'll give you a dollar. And, mind you, don't say a word about me to anybody, or I'll see that you lose your place. Do you understand me ?" "I do, mum." The next day's FJyer.came out brist ling all over tlieeditotlal page with par agraphic lines of such acuttiug nature that the Major well-nigh lost hope of heaven in his rage. His well-known peculiarities formed theme for a dozen witticisms of a personal nature, and his threatened attack upon his wife, who was spoken of as a remarkably brilliant and beautiful woman, who kept her lord iu petticoats, was graphically de lineated. To a man accustomed to newspaper life, who lias seen his name In print so long and so often that its recurrence makes no perceptible ripple upou his thoughts, such irrespousible squibs would have amounted to nothing ex cept to provoke laughter and witticisms among his friends, heartily seconded by himself. A really clever person likes a joke, eveu at his own expense. But Major Marblehead thought he was ruined. Was he not the great "I Am" of his neighborhood? And hadn't he always punished every scapegrace who had dared to ridicule him? Mrs. Marblehead noticed his per turbation with inward chuckles and outward unconcern. "Maybe he'll feel like threatening to wallop me again !" she thought. "I'll find out the author of these at tacks upon me, if I die for it!" cried the Major. "And get a second newspaper drub bing for your pains," quietly replied his wife. "Mrs. Marblehead, have you no re spect for your husband?" he asked, se verely. "Precious little," she answered, with a quiet laugh. Again he was baffled. "Confound" "There! I wouldn't swear, Major. I more than half suspect that somebody overheard you yesterday, and that was why you found yourself cut up to-day in the Flyer.1' "What shall I do, then ?" "Why, mind your own business. You're public property now, for you're a servant of the government. The dear people expect to compensate themselves for your salary by newspaper squibs Never mind 'em. And see here, Major, that pompous piety of yours was a first class thing to utilize and hold the peo ple of your parish level, for they either believed in it or stood in awe of it. But the world does neither. You are before the public on your own merits now, and must expect to stand or fall, as the peo pie shall elect. Bless your simple soul, vou haven't a particle of tact. Just leave the management of affairs to me, Do as I tell you, and you'll keep out of scrapes." " "Well, woman, it's almost breakfast time now, aud I'm ready for my first lesson." Don't say grace at public table, for one thing." "Whatt Would you have me set an ungodly example before a wicked aud gainsaying world ?" "Nonsense, Major; you know that's cant. Very well. Pursue your own course; it's immaterial to me," aud Mrs. Marblehead began a lively tattoo upon the window-sill with her fan. The Major looked "sheepish" at din tier, but he did not make himself con spicunus by repeating au audible prayer. Whether or not be uttered one iu his heart deponent does not know. The steamer sailed at the appointed hour, and. Major Marblehead accom panied his wife to their state-room, as thoroughly subdued as the most un scrupulous consort could have desired Thomas Jones was a trifle moody. To do him justice, he was not indifferent to his wife, aud he dearly loved his cliil dreu. But he was in the toils of bis mother now, and she had no regard for any other emotion than ambition. To be continued. Byron's First Love. "She wa9 his life Hie ocean to the river of his llfbughts." That Mary Chaworth re tuined the passion of his young love there is no doubt; but, like the Mnu tagues and Capulets, the houses of Clia worth and Byron were at feud. Mary had not the strength and truth of Juliet and so they were parted a separation by far more piteous to her aud more fatal to him than death amid the full summer brightness of happy love. This, not Shakspeare's, was the true sou tragedy. Might she not have redeemed even his wayward and erring nature by the divinity of cure love aud steady faith? She lived, it is said, to weep wild tears over words winch nave linked her name in sorrowful immortality to tier lover's, and died in brokenhearted ness at last. While be. crown reckless a"nd defiant, the very core of hla heart turned to ashes, and distrusting and de spising his brother man, swept on in glorious, sad, and stormv career, till th shadows deepened and the long night set in. Fred. Grant's father-in-law, H. H Honore, of Chicago, is a bankrupt. His debts amount to $2,627,233. OUE WASHINGTON LETTER. To the Editor of the New Northwest : Mr. Hayes' trip to New England promises to be a pleasant one, but he will not have so many of his Cabinet with bim as originally contemplated. Our Indian troubles were not of such serious nature as to demand the pres ence here of the Secretary of War. Mr. Sherman is preparing in Ohio for a swing around the political circle there, aud cannot of course leave for the pres ent. Mr. Schurz is busied with his In- ian investigations, hence Mr. Key, our big rebel, McCrary and Evarts will do the principal honors with the President. It is a good idea to take Judge Key arouud and exhibit him as the tamed ion, for we are assured when the people look upon his quiet, smiling, good-natured face, surmouuted with Its close- cropped, bristling bair, strongly tinged with gray, they will feel-he can be as much trusted as any other honest man, aud that, although he felt impelled at ne time to take up arms against the Union, his heart is now in the right place. Recently oue of his constituents from East Tennessee, one of the rip roaring, half-horse, half-alligator stripe, whose chief article of subsistence was ulce of the corn, came up here seeking au office at his hands. The East Ten- nessean gave the Judge a graud dinner, kindly permitting your correspoudeut to share it, nnd then insisted that a cer tain "in" should be ousted, because he, the "out," wanted the place just "to spite the fellow." Judge Key, I am sorry to say, was proof agaiust this trong argument, the soothing influ ences of a nice dinner aud a proffered bottle of pure corn juice, and most un kindly sent the poor fellow back home with a civil service reform lecture for all his pains and expense. By-the-way, this civil service reform affords a com plete dodge for the Cabinet officers to rid themselves of undesirable office seekers, and on this ground we of course accept it. But in all other respects, a ive rebel, with all his kith and kin, would seem preferable as office-holders, and with a Jacksonlan sweep, change every four years to that system which would give an incumbent a life-long lease. We served four years after the war in the South, and learned to like an honorable fighting rebel, and be ieve him universally as worthy of trust as we know Judge Key is. But we can't go civil service reform yet. THE DIVORCE MARKET Is now very brisk, and our court dock ets indicate that hard times do not bar the discontented, who are seeking other partners, from feeing lawyers and from getting relief from the disability which nterferes with the proposed uew mar riage. In ail.iustances we believe an ap plication fora divorce has another mar riage in the back ground, at least such is our experience here and that of Chi cago. Kecently the wife of "Gotham," one J. Q. Thompson, a Western corre spondent of the New York JTerald, ap plied fur divorce at Indianapolis, but her prayer3 were denied on the ground that she was a citizen of the District of Columbia, she being a clerk in one of the departments. She immediately ap plied here aud obtained a decree at once, She celebrated her release from her for mer ties by remarrying, and that with out waiting uutil the end of the term of the court which granted the divorce Husband No. f then filed a bill praying that the decree be set aside, alleging all kinds of immorality agaiust her, and particularly charging iufidelity upon her with numerous persons, among whom he names one Nathaniel P. Banks, who, however, has since per emptorily denied the allegation. The Judge set aside the decree under the power given him by law to reverse a decision at any time prior to the ad jourument, hence we have here a lady with two husbands, and of course au abundance of connubial felicity after her twelve hours of siugle blessedness which followed the divorce. If the sec ond husband proves as worthless as the first, we opine that Mrs. Thompson will realize fully what it means jumping from the frying-pan into the fire, un less she seeks relief again through the courts. While Washington cannot equal Chicago in facilities for speedy divorce yet, we can offer the discon tented a "right good chance" for free dom. To our surprise, one of our spici est correspondents, R. W. C. Mitchell Private Secretary, of Mr. Schurz, and who writes for the Danbury News under the name of Bob Creighton, has also applied for a divorce on the alleged ground of infidelity. He cites marriage ata Catholic Church in Albany, New York, the birth of three children and subsequent immortality. His bill Is a fearful arraignment of a wife and mother, and leaves us at a loss to deter mine whether he in retaining her in the position of wife has been destitute of that sense of right and wrong which en ables every husband to protect the honor of himself and family by resort to law or a bullet, or whether he has permitted open defiant outrage in hopes that time would bring separation in some form without exposing his wrongs to the world. Public sentiment permits n bus baud to take the law into his own hands in dealing with the violator of his house hold happiness, and Mr. Mitchell seems not to have desired au appeal to the higher law of our country, preferring rather peaceable measures which would ISTTJIBEIi G. leave him and her free to follow their inclinations In the future. Such, per haps, is the better course. But with the Sickles and Key .precedent before us, our people would prefer a first-class shooting sensation any day to a hum drum hackneyed resort to the courts for divorce. Felix. Washington, D. C, August 17,1877. Youdouism. A TALE OF MYSTERIOUS RITES, SICILIAN ASSAS- V SINATION AND DARK DEEDS. Every few months there croDS out to the surface some tale of the wonderful nfiuence possessed by these "hoodoo" or Voudou doctors over their poor de luded victims, but, as a rule, the result of tbeir tricks does not amount to the sum named below. Beyond the mere Voudou business. there is a horrible tale of murder, assas sination, aud the effect of fear on an in dividual sufficient to make him sinn tl ree mortgage notes of $1,000 each when he did not owe the money. Eniile Condet has filed a petition in the Fifth District Court repreentiug that in the month of June. 1876. one Joseph Oteri, a resident of this city, with whom he was on friendly terms, came to him much distressed and crv- ng, and represented that he had given to Ills wife for safe keeniinr the sum of 5o,uuu, and mat the money bad been stolen, and he begged the petitioner to go auu see uis wile aud induce her to tell what had become of the money Condet went as requested, aud after considerable persuasion induced the wife to admit that a nesrro man. ore tending to be a clairvoyant fortune teller, uamed Dr. Robertson, had been au associate of Oteri, and in the habit of practicing his divine and mysterious powers on uteri and Ms wife, had in duced her to give him money that he might put it iu live packages and pin it together in a manner unknown to oth ers and peculiar to himself, and then place it under the matting beneath the bed, aud tuenall thlugs would be lovely to Mr. Oteri aud her. She said she had given this doctor the money, aud left tne petitioner and went to her bed-room adjoining to get it. She remained there some time, much longer than was neces sary, and the petitioneropeued the com munlcallng dooraml found her rttaiidintr sun, with anout in one hand in stead of the $5,000. Coudet returned to Oteri and informed him what had hap pened, and advised him to employ de tectives and recover the money. De tectives Maloneand Cain were engaged. and Ualn went to jfulladelphfa, whereto the doctor (!) had escaped, and arrested IlifTI ntlfl lll-mifYllt dim (n To ii' Hrlnnita ... ......... ,. 1. 1 where the fortune-teller confessed hisH guilt by surrendering to Oteri a piece of real estate, turniture and jewelry, and some money he had on deposit in the Louisiana Savings Bauk. After Oteri had got all that he could from Robertson, he turned against Con det and charged him with having (lis honored his wile and robbed him of So. 000, and threatened to kill the petitioner it he did uot make up the difference be' tween the amount recovered aud the stolen $5,000. It is further charged that Oteri is Sicilian, and claimed to be the leader of a band of Sicilians living iu New Or leans who redressed their real or imng inary wrongs by murders and assassina tions, and Oteri threatened that if the money was not paid, Condet would be killed and his tamlly destroyed. (Johdet, with the fear of his life upon him, became sick, and was troubled with weakness, aud was obliged to re main at home many days to avoid as sassination. He sent for Oteri, aud told bim that he (Condet) did not want to be killed or to kill Uteri, and tried to convlure Oteri of his innocence oKtbe charge, but the Sicilian would not be convinced, aud reiterated the threat that he would be killed iu a few days. Petitioner goes on to allege that, on pressed, and spirit-broken, aud weighed down in miud, doubtiug which would be better, to be killed or to kill Oteri and then be subject to a criminal prose' cution, he consented to make good the loss to Oteri, but, not having the ready money, he offered to give mortgage notes. This was accepted, and Condet went before a notary aud acknowledged falsely that he owed the notes. He prays for the sequestration o these notes made under an act before James Fahey, July 12, 1870, and that the notes be canceled. JYew Orleans Democrat, July Ylth The spectroscope, the instrumen mentioned in my paper on Venus shows that the deep atmosphereof Jupi ter contains enormous quantities or the vapor ot water. It seems.to me not un probable tiiat all the water of the planet, its future seas and oceans, now hang suspended in the form of cloud and vapor in the planet's atmosphere, Jupiter, in fact, may fairly be regarded as a young though gigantic planet no young in years, but young in develop ment a baby planet, the fullness o whose growth will not be attained fo hundreds of millions of years, when ou earth perhaps will have' been for ages a decrepit or even a dead world. jto. Jt. A. Proctor, in at. jsicnoias. While Theodore Tilton makes his $20,000 a year in the lecture field, and Beecher gets $20,000 from his church, $5,000 from the Christian Union, and $30,000 from lectures, Mrs. Tilton weeps over her struggles with, boarders iu a small bouse iu Brooklyn. She is the real sufferer, and always will be. She Inst her husband, the man for whom she lost him lias abandoned her, and the society who professed to believe iu "Mr. Beecber's inuocence treats her as though she were guilty. It's a queer world. At Fltchburg, Mass., there are three grammar schools, two of which have gentleman principals, aud the other a lady. The salary of each was $1,200, but recently the gentlemen had their salary reduced to $1,000, while the lady's remained as formerly. This was owing to her excellence as a teacher; but It is somewhat exceptional for a lady to re ceive a higher salary than a man when engaged iu the same duty, aud we gladly make note of the fact. A man who had a Frenchman to teach him the cornet always referred to the instructor as the French tooter. When they make a hog's head into cheese and bis tail into souse, they make extremes meat. A Journal for the People. Uevoted to the Interests of Humanity. Independent In. Politics and Religion, illve to nil Live Issues, and Thoroughly Radical In OpposlngandExposlngthe Wrongs of the Masses. Correspondents wrltlngover assumed slena tures must make known their names to the Edltor.or no attention will bo given to the't communications. Garden of Eden. Prince De Ligne, countryman and contemporary of Maria Theresa, wrote an essay, "On the Location of the Earthly Paradise," and, after some re flections ou the hygienic influence of different climates, calls atteution to the fact that "Paradise traditions, in locat ing the Garden of Eden, differ only in regard to longitude, but not to latitude. Ihe latitude keeps uearthesnow-houud- ary, a line just south of the regions where snow may fall, but will notatav on the ground. It.passes through Thibet, Cashmere, Northern Persia and Asia Minor, ami reaches the meridian of Eu rope near the center of the Mediterra nean." The nations that "celebrated life as a festival" have lived along this Hue, and we may doubt if in the most favored regions of the New World hu man industry, with all the aids of mod ern science, will ever reunite the oppor tunities of happiness which nature once lavished on lauds that now entail only misery on their cultivators. All over Spain and Portugal, Southern Italy, Greece, Turkey, Asia Minor, Persia aud Western Afghauislan, and throughout Northern Africa, and from Morocco to the valley of the Nile, the ariditv of the soil makes the struggle for existence so hard that to the vast majority of the in habitant's life, from a blessiuir. has been converted into a curse. Southern Snain. from Gibraltar to the headwaters of the Tagus, maintains now only about one-tenth of its former population, Greece about one-twentieth. As late as A. D. 670. a good while after the rise or the Mohammedan power, the country now known as Tripoli, and dis tinct irom the Sahara only through the elevation of its mountains, was the seat of eighty-five Christian Bishops, aud iiuu a population or o.uuu.UUU, ot which number three-quarters of oue per cent, are now left! The climate, which, ac cording to authentic description, must once have resembled that of our South ern Alleghauies, is now so nearly intol erable that eveu the iuhumauity of an African despot forbears to exact onen- air labor from 9 A. sr. to 5 p. m. Steam boats that pass uear theTripolitan coast in summer, on their way from Geuoa to Cairo, have to keep up a continual shower of artificial rain to save their deck-hands from being overcome by the iuriiace-air that breathes Irom the bar ren bills of theopposite coast. The riv ers of some of these countries have shrunk to the size of their former tribu taries, and from Gibraltar toSamarcand the anuual rainfall has decreased till failure of crops has become a chronic complaint. Aud all this change Is due to the in sane destruction of forests. The great Caucasian sylvania that once adorned the birth-laud of the white race from the Western Pyrenees to the foot-hills of the Himalayas has disappeared; of tne iorest-area or Italy and Spain, in tlie days of the elder Pliny, about two acres iu a hundred are left; in Greece, hardly oue. iiut even the nakedness of the most fertile tracts of Southern Eu rope is exceeded by the utter desolation of the Ottoman provinces. Popular Science Monthly for August. Figures of Speech. The conscious em ploy men t of imaeerv is by no means peculiar to literary peo ple. It Is common with everv class. and with almost everybody in .every clas. Familiar iu the mouths of those eccentric characters in the humbler walks of life who amuse us so much by their odd but apt comparisons, racv of daily experience, aud by tbeir quaiut application or oiu saws and anecdotes, it is no stranger to the moat matter-of-fact people. The latter, indeed, have not the exuberant invention nnd humor of a Weller, a Swiveller, or a Tapley, out tney line to season their talk with the savor of fancy, which, however, they generally are obliged to borrow, lacking mother wit of their own. A smile or happy phrase hits the popular taste aud becomes common property. We hope that a friend will 'pull through' a serious illness; if he grow decidedly worse, we say that he is "at death's door." A man may be "beyoud his depth," though never in the water, "flighty," though never off" the ground, or not have "a leg to stand on," al though his limbs are sound; it is his resources, material or intellectual, that are "crippled." Wiseacres have been called "amazing shallow," and "the deep" is another name for the sea. Spendthrifts are said to be "open handed," and a miser "close-listed," or "tight as the bark of a tree." The last saying must call to miud a multitude of comparisons which are iu constant Use, such as "true as steel," "straight as an arrow," "stiff as a poker," "brown as a bun," "still as a mouse," "dumb as au oyster," "merry as a cricket," aud oth ers still more homely, smacking of hu mor aud belonging to slang, or on its confines, like "snug as a bug in a rug," "shining as a nicger's face," and "happy as a clam at high water," that is, when the flood tide protects him from the spade. Proverbs, too, come to relieve the dullness of plain talk. "Make hay while the sun shines," "one swallow does not make a summer," "a burnt child dreads the fire," aud a huudred others are every day figuratively ap plied. Old anecdotes, historical or pseudo-historical, fables and jests do a sim ilar duty. To mention two or three out of a host, there are the stories about Mrs. Partington's attempt to sweep out the ocean, Canute's' bidding it retire, the fly on the wheel, aud the coon's of fer to corne down if Captain Scott would not fire. The Oalaxy for August. No Commission. An exchange says: "A.mau who sits in a comfortable seat in a horse-car and talks earnestly to a companion on the welfare of bis soul, while tired shop-girls and ladies stand up, needs some kind of a conversion himself." Now we are going to say something for the churches. Any man who will go to church twice every Sun day, and is so interested in singing "Title Clear" as to let the platter go clear down the aisle with only two bits in it, deserves to go to heaven on a raft aud be picked bald-headed with grass hoppers. We have loug thought the most religious people get it the cheapest, and concluded so the other Sunday. Fxchanye. Apples are big enough now to keep a ten-year-old boy and both bis parents and the nearest druggist up all night. Ilawkeye. A New York firm hung out a sign reading: "In God we trust everybody else cash."