Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY JANUARY 4, 1878.
XOTICC Affat will f'.H take nonce that It Is a (Tat Mi upon as to pay expreu charges upon tnuill ranw. and tbejr Mill confer a great favor or remitting to as through money order or regtatered letters. THE PROTECTED SEX. Oue day last week a young girl of good address and comfortably attired presented herself at the Helpers' Home on Columbia street and asked admis sion, saying she was penulless, among stntugers aud sick. The kindly matron Ht ouee divined Die situation and or dered her to report to the President of the duciety. This was done, and a oab was chartered In hot haste to drive the poor unfortunate to the hospital where, in a short time, her babe was ttoru. The account she give of herself is the old, old story. She had loved, not wisely, but too well; and the man who, under pledge of marriage, wrought her ruin, had failed to ratily Ills part of, a most solemn obligation, despite the faet that the seal of paternity had atllruied the contract. The man who thus stultiffes.his self hood by denyiug protection, respect, sustenance, and eouutenanee to uU etiild aud its mother should be entitled to, aud compelled to reeelve far greater iwoisbmentand fur greater infamy than the midnight assassin. We have uo word of apology for the injured aud sulleriug girl. All experi ence should teach such that there is no protection for them where virtue fails; but. alas, for the psyoologieal power ol roan's unholy desire over woman's un selfUh allectiou ! The old, old story is repeated for aye, and the betrayer of love and innocence goes forth free and honored, while his victim bows her head in suffering and sorrow, aud is left to struggle unaided to support the child of the worse than monster who forswears allegiance to his own off spring. After a few weeks lying-in at the hos pital, an Institution that proves man to be far more merciful In the aggregate thau individually, this young girl will go forth penniless and child-burdened to life's rugged battle. Who will give her employment T Where will this spec imen of the protected sex And shelter for herself and babe ? Thauk heaven there is a Home for homeless infante In the city, aud a tem porary asylum for destitute working girls respectable, only, at the Helpers' Home above named. But there .Is no rettatU for this wronged and ruined girl, where she can be welcomed back to social life aud honorable work with the welcome plaudit, "Thy sins be for given thee; come, and sin no more." Yonder, goes the blear-eyed strange woman, with bedizened array and shameless features. Women shun her as they would a viper. Men make her the victim of their witless jokes. The church, to her, Is as a sealed bonk. So ciety closes its doors upon her, and well it might, for her very presence breathes a moral pestilence. Trace her hrstory back to the days of her teens and you will And a time when she, too, was lov able, loving, young ami guiltless; when her fond heart founded the basis oi a judgment that only proved its own un doing. Like theyoung girl above cited, she trusted, and whs betrayed. Doors were thenceforth closed against her, and she, in desperation, became the fell destroyer, the dread avenger, from whose presence mothers teach their daughters lo turn in loathing; Cannot something be done to save the comparatively iu uocent, though not lees unfortunate girl in question froma Arte like this? Until wooiej) help to make the laws thf,y-cSrt" hope to bring men to jus 'Jfin such cases, but they can give shelter aud employment to the unpro tected girl, who under the shadow of a great shame is struggling, unaided, with destiny. ABOUT EAILBOADS. The railroad discussion In the Oregon papers lias become so common that, bul for the vast importance of the matters to be considered, it would be decidedly monotonous. Iu looking at the facts in a logical sense, we can see at a glance the great necessity of a oometltioii trans-continental railroad. While all must admit that the proposed Portland, Dalles, aud Salt Lake line is the short est, most natural, aud roost direct line into Idaho, Oregon, and Eastern Wash ington that can possibly connect with any road already built, yet the cosmo politan thinker cannot but realize that with the Northern Pacific Hue com pleted across the continent, tapping Da kota, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, not only will au immense country be opened up for immediate settlement that has heretofore been almost wholly inaccessible, but the competition with California's Interests would naturallv compel the Central and Uuiou Pacific lines to lower their rates, and thus place travel aud transportation within the reach of all. And yet we are glad to see Senator Mitchell pustnug the Portlaud, Dalles, and Salt Lake road bill, and we hope he will succeed, for, to our mind, this is the first mad to be built. P'lild it, and the other will naturally follow. What if the North Pacific land gram -ho'-ld revert to the government through the bankruptcy of the whole coiicen? Cannot another basis of subsidy be had? Is the decision of the present Congress upon any question to be final? We want the Northern Pacific road, and we want it speedily; but we believe the Portland, Dalles, and Salt Lake road can be (he sooner built, ami that one nad will only open the way for the othvr, and that Ixith will come within a very few vara. Moody, the evangelist, has been ill. AGITATION NECESSAEY. Stagnation utter, complete, unmis takable fctsgualion among the great masses of women this, sisters, is what Imrs progress and keeps a sex, the full half of humanity, In bond. True, these bonds were originally made, and have since been wielded by the sex n power, but the sex In Itoudage have so supinely submitted that they have become ac cessory after the fact, to this great in justice. Oo where you will over the country, keep your eyes and ears open, and, but for a little judicious iWawing out, your tongue quiet. The same state of things exists in al most every rural district. Women are drudging In farm-house, surrounded by broad acres tliey have helped to earn, and worked In seed-time and in harvest to rentier remunerative, their bodily strength gone, their intellects dwarfed aud starved, their tempers soured, their raiment scant, their youth departed, and for all this labor, privatiou, and self-sacrifice, laud and stock and money to their kytbatul. Dlscontsuted they kuow not why, paupers in so far as per sonal control of a single dollar of their life's earnings Is concerned, human beings deprived of all individuality, what wonder that womanhood Is uot exalted by such representatives; thai .posterity is not blessed and endowed with a rich mentality by such mother hood ? A woman eo situated wiio is possessed of u natural heritage of inde pendence and a strong will, finding no iegitlmateuiideustoin sanctioned means upon which to exercise the forces thul were not created to remain lateut, beats about iu-nu unaided, uncultivated man ner toward the light, and, hedged lu on every hand by petty restrictions and tyrannies, develops into a termagant. Her sisters, less strong Intellectually than she, misunderstand her utterly, and of courre misrepresent her and unite with theirchuckllng lords in pity ing her hmOand. Tills is not a fanciful or isolated case. Every neighborhood contains Its couu- teriMrt. Such mothers never produce children of the stagnation type, but oi them, warped, dwarfed, misconstrued as they are, are bnru the world's workers. The greatest need that now exists is the need of these workers to go forth into every hamlet and district, aud after set ting the people, meu and women, to thinking, give them food for thought. Tbousauds whom lire unerring Instincts of their nature have told that something was wrong, have been unable, in their blind struggles, to eveu approach the light. The self-evident truth that all were created free aud ejual, with cer tain inalienable rights which belong uot to sex or condition, has never been pre sented to them, and they have never stumbled unon It. When these thlugs are understood, in ertia is at an end, and an abidiug and lively interest lives and grows where erewhile fur ages injustice has kept women iu bonds, deprived them of their earnings, and given to men the absolute control of the accumulations of both. Agitation is the salvation of the race, tlie pioneer of progress; inertia is the enemy of reform, aud the obstinate foe to human liberty and happitiese. Let the World's workers see to it that agita tion is the watchword, and equal rights will In due time prevail. ' c. THE "PE8SIMIST." We are glad to see our able corre spondent at Washington confessing himself ready to acknowledge the popu lar will of the progressing public iu re gard to woman's enfranchisement, even though he accepts the Inevitable with a demurrer that, but for his concluding remark upon the subject, would doubt less eud with an obstinate determina tion to resist the logic of events to the uttermost. It is not dear to us as to how he cau conclude, with the pes simist, that "whatever Is, is right," when he tells us that Woman SuHrage iu Wyoming has not been productive ol good results, and yet it. Perhaps our correspondent has had some experience in Wyoming aiialagou to (hat of the editor of the Oregon State Right Democrat. The editor in ques tion is said to be very fond of his regu lar dram. In crossing the continent last summer he did not encounter the least obstacle iu the way of bis regular supply of the anient till he reached Wyoming. But wlien he put up at the hotel iu Laramie City and called for his accustomed glass of grog, the joke goes that the laudlonl was compelled to send out for the iuebriating article, and in so doing made complaint that since the abominable habltof voting had been in dulged in by the women of Wyoming, tlie uusexetl creatures had voted away his right to keep a bar. Of course Mr. Brown decided that lie was not pleased with the work of Wyoming's women iu politics; and he had an ally, too, lu his fellow-suilerer for whisky; so he wrote to tlie Democrat, saying that suffrage for women was a failure iu the Terri tory; that It was unpopular, and so forth, and the other meu's rights jour nals, whoe names are legion, caught up the refrain aud sent it reverberating from Maine to farthest Oregon. It mattered not that the governor, chief justice, the public press, and the legislature and courts of Wyoming were unanimous in their praises of the system; for what was all that when placed in tlie scale against the individ ual wants of a lorn traveler In search of grog? Hut the time Is coming, aye, is even now upou us, when our friend Brown will exclaim with the pessimist, as does our correspondent, "whatever Is, is right." Here's our hand, brethren. We oor dlally accept your late conviction, aud assure you that we realize somewhat of the state of things iu heaven, where there is more joy over one tinner that repeuteth than over the ninety and uine that went not asiray. We stand not upon the order of your euterlng the ranks, but rejoice that you come at all. ' THE PROTECTING SEX. Last Monday, as we were rushing along with tlie tnutifarious duties de volving upon editor, book-keeper, houe keeper, dressmaker, and hostess, the door-belt rung for the half-dozenth time within an hour, disturbing at the same time a mental reverie upon the eva nescence of tin muiilhliigs (for it was the last day of the year), and the exact mode of trimming a new polonaise, through which Die busy needle was Hy ing rapidly. Mentally hoping for a cash customer, we answered the bell iu pereou, and confronted two strangers, who gazed, one curiously, and the other expectantly, into our wondering eyes, while both seemed as badly perturbed as ourself. Not knowing what else to do, we Invited them to the sitting-room, where u cheerful tire somewhat reas sured us, though it evi.ienllv failed to put them at ease. TliU Is the lady ?" said oue, address ing the other interrogatively, and imll eatlng us. "Yes." "Mr. Brovui," said the first speaker. by wuy of Introduction. "I am a police ollleer," politely, throwing buek Ills overcoat and disclosing thedreadfulstat and buttons. What naughty thing had we been aud gone ami dune? we wondered. But our cogitations were cut short tiy the veritable Mr. Brown iu question, who exolaimed, hurriedly : "I saw you when you visited the pen Itentiary at Salem." "Ah ! I uuderateud. Is there any thing I can do for you ?" "Yes. I've got Into trouble, and 1 want you to pay this officer two dollars, so I oan beset at liberty." "And what will be the consequence to you if I refuse ?" "I'll have to go back to the cllv tail for another day, aud I don't like the company tliere. Tlie associations are bad." "Then, air, you should not break the law." The fellow's impudence was as pitia ble as sublime. The officer spoke: "You said," turning to the prisoner, "that you were well acquainted witli this lady, else I should not have brought you here; aud now it turns out that slit has sometimes lectured to the convicts, and you heard her onoe while you were au inmate of the peniteuliary. There are thousands of honest, law-abiding people In Portia ml who can claim ac quaintance with her on the score ol having heard her lecture, but I doubt II she'd feel called upou to give any one of t hem two dollars on such a pretext." "But I only ask the money as a loan. I'm going to the country to-morrow to go to work." "Theu," we said, "you'd better re main in prison till to-morrow, and save your two dollars." "But I'm sick." "Then how could you go to work " No answer. "What are you under arrest for?" "Oettiug drunk." "And you'll oo.ne loa lady, who eau't aflord the luxury of getting drunk her self, aud ask for money to get you out of drunkeii scrapes, eh ?" "I thought you'd help rue." "I'd be glad to, poor fellow, if by so doing I could do yon any good. But the iieuitontlary's the best place on earth for you, sir. You can't get whisky there, aud no doubt you'll soon ue there again." "I'll never drink again." "That's what they always say," said the officer, "but they never keep tbeii word." With that the policeman apologlzrd for having intruded, and went his way, witli the woman's law-maker lu his custody, leaving u to our cogitations ami dress-making. And now, good reader, let us reason together. Who did sin against this man's mother, that he was born a drunkard and a thief? Anil if the mothers of America must look to tin ballots of such as he for protection, who is to surround them with conditions that shall develop higher specimens ol maiibood ? Suah an apology for a man is but a striking proof of the balefulnes.s of a system that thwarts humanity of its birthright through the subjugation ol the mothers. Do men gather grapes ol thorns or tigs of thistles ? Not a guilty man Is convicted of crime but the phys iologist can trace out the ante-uatul conditions of the motherhood that prompted him, at last, to commit the deed. Not a man becomes a hopeless Inebriate except he inherit the appetite through some cause uot generally ob servable to the surface thinker. But, to a member of the disfranchised and con sequently impoverished sex, the idea of a member of the protecting sex appeal ing to us for financial aid, while they have all the political power In their hands, Is the sublimity of absurdity. Let the meu that gel the profits from the liquor tratlle liquidate the debts of the druok, emphatically say we. Senator Dawes, from the committee ou public buildings, reported adversely on the petitions from the friends of Woruau Sullntge asking lo be allowed the use ol the Senate chamber to present arguments before the committee on privileges and elections in favor of a Sixteenth Amendment. In submitting the report, the Senator said the com mittee was not adverse to the Amend ment, bul the Senate had invariably de clined to allow the chamber to be used for any other purpose than the business of the Senate. Marcus D. Boruck, editor and propri etor of the California Spirit of the Timet, is nut with au illustrated December edi tion replete with interest and informa tion. The well executed cuts, repre senting California seenery, are only equalled by the admirably written arti cles of det-cription with which the pub lication Is filled. EDITOHIAL COEBBSPONDEHOE. Oca Kkadebs or th New Xobthwcst: Pleasure-seeking Is ooe thing, health seeking decidedly another. At least this was our verdict, as, tossing rest lessly fur three days and nights in a nar row berth on board the good steamer "Elder," we watched the rise and fall of the mighty Pacific through the square of glass that served to light our state room, as wretched and retching a speci men of humanity as ever attempted to regain shattered health and restore lost strength by a voyage to a milder clime. What disgustlngsoup-drlnklngs those more fortunately constituted passengers did keep up iu the lower cabin during those dreadful days, to be sure; and to what unreasonable lengths it seemed that their merriment extended. Then the dizzy aud aimless gyrations of the sea-gulls, never sea-sick, always hun gry, now whirling backward, now round ill circle', and again swooping cm maste after the scraps cast overboard from the ship's larder, their tireless activity was really exhausting to the sea-sick be holder. "Is uot this dreadfully rough?" we gapped, as, clinging to tlie arm of an obliging gentleman, we reached the deck on the morning of tlie third day, our best gait being u ludicrous cross be tween an umblu and a shuttle. "Not (taitieularly so fur Ibis seasou oi the year," lie answered, as he leisurely I'ghled u cigar, the fumes of which caused us, iu defiance of propriety, to pay immediutu tribute to old Neptune. This was our only attempt at sociabil ity during the jussuge, and we hud a troug conviction that this effort was uot appreciated by our fellow-passengers, eo beating au undignified retreat from deck, where everything was "so lovely," we souk more limp and help less than before upou our disordered shelf, feebly gasping, "Oh, that mine enemy mightgo tuseu and get sick." Steadily on and ou went the steamer, buffeting the fierce wiuds thai dispute! tier progress and lashed the sea into great billows, tbut bore her uow to theii foamy crests, and now pluugei! her reel ing into their deepest recesses. On .Monday, however, the wind shifted, the sails were spread, and the favoring ales, atoning for their previous obstl uule ranting, lent thelruld to the steam power they hud so striven against, aim on Tuesduy at 2 o'clock a. m. we entered (lie Golden Gate and stopped, pauting, at the feet of the Golden City. Foggy and gloomy she looked, in her drowsy early morning garb, and, if first impressions were ulways lustiug, we could never conscientiously write an eulogy upou Sun frauclsco. A bath, breakfast, rest, aud sunlight will, how ever, work wonders for dilapidated hu muulty, and, refreshed and aided by these, we fouud the city in the after noon to be neither foggy nor drowsy, but bright with sunlight, throbbiug with life, aud agog with business. Hustle anil hurry everywhere held sway. A heavy ruin, the first of the seasou, had fallen ou Sunday ulgbt, cuusiug the streets to look fumlliarly sloppy. With the exceptiou of a walk up Montgomery street, we were com net led to fureeo Sight-seeing about the city until our re turn from an interior county, whither we go lu search of health. Contenting ourself, with this oxceptiou, with view ing metropolitan life from the windows of our hotel, we passed the day. Speul the early evening iu pleasant chit-chat with the erewhile foreman of the New Noktiiwest office, now au industrious-iype-stiuker on the Morning Call. Ac cepting his invitation to "show us round" oti our return, we hade him au early good-uveniug, aud retired to oui dreams, in which were blended a strange medley of home and absent ones, sea gulls, ami heaving billows, further jour ueyiugs, and future avoirdupois which haply might result therefrom. The deepest solitudes are not an loueli its are the peopled thoroughfares of a itrauge city, aud nowhere in the great realm of naturo does a person feel of so little consequeuoe as lu a crowd where each one carries with him a self-sufficiency that leaves room for uo thought of others. We have often thought that the most deeolulo picture that could he drawn was that of Tennyson's "ship wrecked sailor, wailiug for a sail." We arc now constrained to believe that its companion piece could lie produced in "a home-sick stranger looking vainly for a familiar face." Yonder ou the curb-stone sits an old mail, thedamp breezes blowing his long gray locks about his shoulders, while "his old, decrepit, withered hand that palsy shook" exteuded, mutely asking for alms. Jostling crowds surge by; the trembling ialm remains empty, as each, intent ujion business, cogitating upon a rise, or nervously foreboding a full Iu stocks, or busily revolving some scheme of promised pleasure, extends uelther veneration or pity lo the needs of indigent :ige. But tliere! A woman, whose black garments reveal the fact that the "death angel" has visited her household, perha with tender thoughts of a venerated father whose white locks wore but now hidden from her sight iu the greeu bosom of Lone Mountain, speaks a few words, and placing a bright coin iu tho outstretched baud, moves ou. Slowly toiling up the busy mart, past windows ablaze with jewels aud precious stones, past massive, piles whose vaults securely hold the coined wealth of au opulent city, pushed this way and that, without regard to age, sex, or condillou, is au old womau. If women are born to be protected, why is II, we involuntarily ask ourself, that the primal law Is so llagrantly violated by men, who extend to this poor creature uelther courtey, protectionnnor aid, as with feeble, outstretched hand and yet feebler voice she implores it? But let us uot form a hasty judgmeut, for, be stowing uHiu her a look which we will for sweot Charity's sake not Interpret as oue of uunnyuuee, a gentleman's baud goes to his pocket, aud rattling! the heavy watch-chain, as It Is, altera! minute's search among the loose coin, withdrawn, he deposits in the out stretohed hand a dime, and virtuously conscious of duty performed, turns his back and talks agaiu of "Ophlr." Help lessness iu a great city! Can misery coin n sentence more suggestive of woe? Sorrow treading closely upou the heels of joy; vice hungrily seeking to entrap virtue; strength crowding weakness to the wall, the primal sin of selfishness overshadowing all; truly the great city is man-made; the beautiful country Is of God. But these are realities of the day, not dreams of tho night to which we loug ago referred, and asking pardon for the digression, we will bid the reader a temporary good-bye, a, boarding the swift and queenly "Yoseiuite," we turn our face toward Vallejo. C. A. C Sau Frauclsco, December 19, 1877. rOSEIGN NEWS. Nine hundred horses perished iu the vicinity of Sislovu during the recent storm. Iu compliance with a summons by telegraph, Midbat Puslru has started for Loudon. The Freneh Academy of Naval Sci ences has elected Ralph Waldo Emer son one of its foreign associates. It Is reported tliere are 36,000 sick iu Bulgaria, and supplies are inadequate. Die number probably includes the sick among Turkish prisoners. From the tone of the English aud Continental press a war involving a greater portion of Europe is very liable to be the outcome of the present situa tion. It is believed that should Kussia reject mediation, Lord Beacousfield is prepar ing to appeal to the country on the question of declaring war fertile defense of British interests. A Constantinople dispatch says that Austria, iu reply to theTurklsh circular, reserves the right to intervene on the opening of peace negotiations as a guar anteeing and frontier power. Bridges crossing the Danube at Sim mtza were taken up to prevent their destruction. It is hoped the bridge at Petroeheiii, Just reported as having beeu carried away, cau be repaired. Ex-Preshleut Grant landed at Malta last Saturday. He took luncheon with the'Duke and Duchess of Ediuburg, and dined with the governor. A gala per formance of opera was given iu houor of the General in the evening. The J'ott publishes the following in official form: "We are sorry to gather that there is little prospect of England's ffers of inediatiou being accepted at St. Petersburg. Russia seems disposed to rely on the possibility of engagiug the Porte iu direct negotiations." The Daily Newt' Bucharest corre spondent states that intelligence is re ceived that the bridge at Petroeheiii, the last remaining across tlie. Danube, has been carried away. Few boats oc casionally cross, passage is hazardous, and several persons have already beeu drowned. It is impossible to procure full infor mation regarding the condition of the Russian and Itouumuiau soldiers and Turkish prisoners who were ou their way to Bucharest duriug the snow storm, but from disconnected details at hand, It is evident there bits been terri ble sulleciug. The Madrid Upoea states Dan Carlos was expelled from France at the re quest of the Spanish government. Ex Queen Isbella has wrltteu the Parts Figaro protesting against the expul sion of Don Carlos and repudiating the accusation that she was conspiring with him against King Alfonso. The JleraltVt London special says: "Iu English military olrcles wr is con sidered almost inevitable. Arrange ments are completed and regiments al lotted for au army of SO.OOO men, am(, ste are already taking toward the for mation of a nucleus for a reserve army. Profound uneasiness prevails here, with great depression in trade and finance." The Timet' London special says that vast supplies of canned food are being shipped to Malta. It Is said on excollcut authority that 60,000 Indian troops are being prepared to move at call. That Egypt, either by force or purchase, will be tukeu possession of, is a contingency liable aud almost sure to occur. It is urged that the present is the most favor able time for war, owing to the vast number of unemployed men who would eullst to escape starvation. After an exceedingly difficult passage over the snow-covered mountains and frozeu footiaths, the vauguanl of a Rus sian division has occupied the Balkan passes between Arabakouk jyid Sophia, aud favalry lias already been stationed on the Sophia roads. The Tu.ks were taken by surprise, consequently the Russians lost only live wounded. Aloug the eastern front, namely, the River Lom, tlie Turks have withdrawn all their positlons.leavingonly small-armed bodies, composed of troops aud inhabi tants. Tlie latter, with arms, retire to woods after burning their own villages. Thomas Gorman, of Salem, got drunk the other day, aud whipped his wife most unmercifully, nfter which hedrove her out of doors, where she nearly per ished from exposure. To got eveu, the Injured luw punished the fellow with twenty-five days' imprisonment in the county jail. Tlie dally poiers call for a public whlpplug.post. We would sug gest an asylum for the iuebriute, and for bis wife, liberty. We have received from Senator Mitch ell a copy of his fumous speech on "The Northern Puclfia and Portlaud, Salt Lake, and South Pass Railroads." It is a most elaborate and exhaustive nr. gumentin fuvorof railroad legislation for the Pacific Northwest, ami we opine that the Senator wlll6ecure the needed Congressional subaldvif it n i... ..,..... at all. EE0EN TE VENTS. The port of Bangor, Maine, is olosed to navigation by Ice. . m Secretary Thompson left for his Indl aun home Juuuary 2d for it week's rest. The President und Mrs. Hayes cele brated their silver wedding on the even ing of December 31st. The Treasury now holds $31(5,217,550 In U. S. bonds to secure bank circula tion, aud $13,OSS,000 to secure public de posits. The Pennsylvania Legislature met at Harrlsburg January 2d. In the SeDate, Thomas W. Cooper was chosen Speakei pro tern. This being an adjourned ses sion of the legislature of 1S77, with but few exceptions the officers of both Houses are the same as last year. Professor Henry, of the Smithsonian Institute, reports that Professor Fores ter, of Berlin, has announced the dis covery by Palaslu, ou the 29th of De cember, of a planet of the eleventh mag nitude, 7 hours, 8 minutes, right ascen sion; 39 degrees, 37 minutes, north de clination. A number of working meu's meetings were held iu Sau Frauclsco on the even ing of December 31st. Thomas Bates, seceder from the Kearny crowd, held forth at the Palace Ampltheater, but Wellook bulldozed the meeting by with drawing most of the audieuce to listen to him outside. At a dinner of the Banks Club iu Bos tou, ou the evening of December 29th, General Butler spoke at length ou the political situation. He defended the President's title, but criticised his South ern policy. About eighty prominent Republicans were present. Banks and others made speeches. William M. Tweed has offered to con fess judgment in all the New York City suits now peudiug against him. These include two suits on the six million claim, the same as that in the people's suit, iu which judgment lias beeu recov ered, and a suit of $55,000 against Mar riuer t Tweed, aud one for $500,000 against G. S. Miller fc Tweed. Corpora lion counsel has accepted the offer In the last two suits. The Chicago Tribune's Washington special says: "At a request of Represen tative Mills, the President has ordered a commission to investigate aud report facts regarding the El Paso troubles. General Ord is directed to detail two army officers to act with such person as Governor Hubbard may appoint ; the three to constitute a commission. They will summon witnesses to report whether Mexicans from Mexico, and what num ber, took purl in the allair at Sun Ell- zario." The weight of testimony seems to show that there was after all no explo sion at the Barclay-street fire in New York, but that the disaster originated iu the glviug way of heavily laden floors aud walls of the bulldiug adjoining Greenfield's candy manufactory, which carried dowu the latter also, the fire being communicated instantly by the overturning of numerous kerosene lamps. No traee of the presence or ac tion of any kuowu explosive ageut is discoverable. Great exeltemeut has prevaifed in Washington since Saturday because of a terrible outrage perpetrated upon a young lady in the eastern part of the city last Satuiday. A movement is ou f.iot for the organization of a vigilance committee to patrol the streets. Two negroes were arrested yesterday, and but for stroug protests of the police the crowd would have taken the matter in their own hands aud summarily pun ished at least oue of them theu and tliere. A largely attended indignation meeting was held on the eveniug of December 30th. The Oregottian of New Year's day, a maguilicent double issue, contains, among a legiou of other good things, au admirable scientific thesis from the peu of Dr. William H. Watkius, upou the manner of propagating diseases by "bacteria" aud other parasitic animal cube iu both the animal and vegetable kingdoms. Now, let the learned doctor pursue his investigations yet further, aud we opine that lie will demonstrate the theory we have loug advocated, thai drunkeuuess aud the tobacco mania are each traceable to the presence of para sites, the former iu the blood and the latter in the mouth, that cry constantly for their peculiar food, aud thus create the unconquerable appetite for these stimuli, which is akin to hog measles, sheep scabies, and human itch. Mrs. Belle Lynch, of Uklali, Call fornia, who has "all the rights she wants," cannot complain that men treat her as though she were a man. Al ready she has been whipped by two in dignant readers, and the people have solemnly resolved to drive her out of the country. Upon the death of her husband she assumed charge of Ills pa per, and, It seems, said offensive things about her readers, under the cloak of her dependent femininity. We like to see a woman who "has her rights" en joy them. Our young and talented friend J. G. Stevenson, of the Oregon City High School, has taken unto himself a wife. Of course we wish him and the fair girl from Eugene, who has undertaken to care for him, all imaginable happi ness through a long and prosperous life. Mrs. Collin, of Oakland, California, died on the 27th of December from a stab received from her son, a young man about seventeen years of are. The trouble arose because his breakfast was not prepared to suit him. Two things in this world that should not be trilled with a woman's opinion aud the business end of a hornet. There-is little difference betweeu not possessing aud not desiring. NBWSm5MS. STATS AND TXHrNaUI. Tacoma needs a jail. Venison is almost a drug In the Seat tie market. A skating rink bus been opened t Walla Walla. A 023 pound steer was recently killed iu Boise City. A rich vein has beeu struok In the Tellurium mine. Oats have advanced to $2-a hundred weight at Seattle. Real estate at Walla Walla has as upward tendency. An express office has at last been started in Brownsville. Counterfeit notes are making their appearance in Dayton, W. T. In Marion county, 117 marriage li censes were issued during 1S77. A dozen new mines are beins opened in the Suake River district, I. T. A surveying party is engaged laying ut a township on PHI Creek, W. T. Charles Robertson, on Touohet, lost three children in teu days with diphthe ria. Mr. Buchanan, of Beutou county, is raising some very valuable Perclieron horses. B. F. Drake's foundry at Salem is turning out a great deal of mill machin ery this winter. The Dallas Jtemizer will henceforth be issued on Fridays Instead of Satur days, as heretofore. Eighty thousand dollars have been tlready subscribed to the Dyten and Grund Roude Railroad. The bridge on South Mill Creek, Dear Salem, which was washed away by the late iresuet, is Delug replaced. At Salem the stage of the river is but two feet above low water, and boats have difficulty crossing the bars above. The Herald claims that the popula tion of New Tacoma has increased dur ing the year lS77from 80 persons to fully 700. Governor Cbadwlek has appointed Mr. N. O. Weldeu a Notary Public In and for Oregon, to reside iu Claokamas county. Frank Rayburn, of King's Valley, Beutou county, disposed of a steer at Albany receutly which weighed 1,685 pouuds. Prof. Collier, of the Willamette Uni versity, will spend the present wiuterat Topeka, Kausas, returning to Oregon in the spring. W. H. Fife, of Tacoma, has expended one buudred dollars to bring water to his bouse through a pipe, aud allows alt bis neighbors to use it free. It is said that Hon. Thomas Char man, of Oregon City, will submit his name to the Republican Convention for the office of State Treasurer. Prof. O. B. Johnson, curator of the Oregon Natural History Society, went to Uorvallis tins week to dell veer a series of lectures on natural history. The Seattle Tribune says: Though not much is heard uow-a-duys of the Olympia railroad, we are assured that it is neither dead nor sleeping, but that it is possessed of more life aud substauee thau ever before. Early iu 1S78, the ties, which are uow being got out, will ue laid, at the same time the Iron being -tretched across them, and that by the 4th of July, IS7S, the irou horse will be dully praucitig from the capital city to the point of junction with the Northern Pacific Railroad. The bonds of the company are selling readily at 95 per cent, of tbeir face value. The road is of three feet guage, of about the same char acter as tbut from Seattle to Newcastle. W0EE TOE EVERYBODY. Circulate petitions for a 16th Amend ment, to enfranchise the womeu, not of one Stale alone, but of all the States and Territories. Woman's right to a voice iu the government under which she lives is a uulural right, aud must be guarauteed to her bv tba Federal Con stitution. .Now is our time to knock at the doors of Congress aud plant this right deep in the fundamental law of the land. Petitions fora Sixteenth Amendment, for woman's eufrauobiseineut, from 10.000 United States citizens, from tweuty-two States, have beeu presented iu opeu House aud Senate by 31 Repre seututi vesand 20 Senators siuce Jauuary 19, 1S77. The friends of Woman Suf frage iu both houses, who intend to ad vocate the Ainendmeut iu the new Congress, desire its friends to sustain them by mammoth petitious from every quarter. Circulate this petition throuirlt the autumu aud winter un to Januarv i0, 1S78. Obtain the names of all who have signed similar petitions to the present Congress, and as many more as possible. Head the petitions with sucli well-kuown names as vou wish to liav appear in the Congrestional Record. Fill the blanks for State, town, and county, that members may refer to. their own districts iu presenting peti tions. Have all the names siirned plainly with iuk on two copies of the petition, one for the House, aud one for the Senate. Ask each signer to remit. at least teu cents to the Treasurer of the National Woman Sufirage Association, Mrs. Elleu E. Sursent. No. 1.733 T Sales street, Washtugton. D. C. to defray expenses of classification for presentation to the45th Congress. Kver,, name received before December 1, 1S77,. will be classified with its appronriate. State aud county petitions, and pre sented by the appropriate Representa tive and Senator. Send with the twti. tious name and post office address of each one who obtains signatures, so the officers may kuow the workers. Cut this out, and paste it at th ho.! of a sheet of paper aud go to work. Put the names of men on the right, and iv omen on tlie left of your petition, and trace every name carefully iu ink : PBTITIOX FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE. To the Senate and Jlouse of Rrw,' latives, in' Congress attembled : The undersigned, citizens or th tt.,i,i States, residents of the State of - county of , town of , earn estly pray your lionoralila - .w wuvaj m adopt measures for so ameudlng the v-.inuiion as to prohibit the several StatesfromdisfraucliIsiugUnited States citizens on account of sex. Wlni i. -i , iu ueuouo aoout the annual meeting of the Stale WomausulJrg& Association? It seems to us qmtetlme the matter wim tn.t,if u ..!a f .ui t ...ii "b &-vu' AMUICV, do not let the meetlugs lag, we beg you.