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The new Northwest. [volume] (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887, January 11, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022673/1878-01-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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KM. a. J. BCHIWAV, Kr Bd ProprXWr
rriCB Cor Fbst W.HIHOTO -WaKETa
One year....
TSrec minllu
1 7S
KfK NTS Inserted on Reasonable
fat VaM aa4 Mltf rrhcbalea.
Eoterrd.aooocdlnj; to Act of Congress. In the
year 1877, byJtm. A. J. Dunlwai . In the offlee ol
the Librarian of Congress t Washington Cltr-l
Colonel Augustas Marblebead wms not
pleased. Tbe position he held liefore
the public required the sustaining of a
considerable degree of domestic dignity,
and it was not soothing to his feelings
to have a grass widow, his own sister at
that, as an inmate of his lioufe. Not
that he so expressed himself to his sis
ter. Had he done so, that individual,
as innately proud and seu-Hive as him
self, would have left his home at onee,
even if she would have found it neces
sary to dig ditches for a livelihood. But
a man rarely wears a cloak of graoious
ness lo screen the inner selfishness of
his nature from the observation of his
"I'd like to know what yon and sister
Mat are up to!" he said, gruffly, ad
dressing the partner of his joy and sor
rows, whom be had onee considered a
sort of diviuity, as though she were a
very ordinary mortal indeed.
A tear in Mattie's brown eye and a
slight tremor In her voice betrayed Iter
agitation, for she was not used to being
harshly spoken to, and this was a new
departure for Colonel Marblebead.
"O, Gus, darling, you can't think
what a mart r Martha has beeu ! She's
been w rouged m every conceivable way,
ami now I'm determined to stand by her
aud see fair play."
At Huh the Colonel smiled grimly,
and the little woman assumed an atti
tude of virtuous defiance, which became
her finely.
Marriage had improved her vastly.
Indeed, I think a happy marriage is
more conducive to real beauty than all
the cosmetics and arts known to the
best moitittt the world has ever pro
duced. A pure, true, and reciprocated
conjugal love, that runs so smoothly
that even the rougher surfaces of life,
over winch it moves, awaken uo ripjrfe
upon its current, will cause the eyes lo
sparkle, the cheeks to glow, and the lips
to ripen with happiness, while the glad
voice will ring with melody. Reverse
the condition", and the cuverseof the
proposition becomes an axiom.
"(Jus, I don't believe you're phased
with me one hit."
"Why ?"
"Because your smile's m grimace, and
your voice is hard."
"Well, pet, you muani he angry,
will you ?" .
"How should I know ?"
"Then, to come to the point, and talk
nlainlv. I think it will not do at all fur i
Mrs. Jones to remain an inmate of our
house "
"Now it's my turn to say 'why?'"
"Because we have a reputation to
maintain, in keeping with the dignity
of our position. It will not be pleasaut
for me if the world of society discovers
that we have a grass widow in the fam
ily, who is my sister."
"Don't you believe she's a worthy
"Certainly I do."
"Would you be ashamed to coonte
uauce her if she were not your sister?"
"Ob, no. It would not be the world's
msiiiess then."
Is it any concern of the public, as it
Twould make against my re-elee-
' Colonel Augwttut MarbMtead !
W "ild you be willing that the world
o il know bow selfish you are?"
'! ie diguitary grew uneasy.
;o you value my good opinion?"
' e was astonished.
.Vhy dou't you talk 7"
' because I've nothing to say. I've
otiou of being bored by poor rela
! i s. I have enough to do to look after
iuy -elf. I never had anything in my
oily what I earned myself."
Sut thai doesu't release you from a
il obligation to assist your sister,
has been robbed by laws for which
alone are responsible, of all the
' tugs of her life, thus far."
'hat's not my aflair."
it ought to le."
" he f.ici
, . ,.l ,i
' ustmnct atll, wjfe aH ,
per. lite law rwvtnnU I
oi.i (McHMOand.
. , . .. wKai m, nave
beeu in better luck "
"Augustus Marbl.hemdi rf
, - and I iove of my o,,.ln
t It-but I'm tuhamed of you.
w ,ldut dare to go before the w,.rl.i
a confess the narrow selfishness, even
' iur weakest-braiued efaum, that you
lie here admitted la me. Neither
' J you have been induced to say
i a thing to me if we bad not been
married. Don't lower yourself in my
estimation, I beg. I wouldn't think ill
ot you for the world, but you'll compel
me to if you dou't staud by your sister.
You ought to be ashamed of any law
that recognizes and enforces such bar
barism as you have described. Were I
a man, I'd never rest a minute till all
such oue-sided justice was repealed "
"What would you have me to do?"
"Allow me to Install your sister In our
house as our houortd guest and friend.
We are in a position to place lier in the
best society, and help her to getau hon
orable release from the bondage that
has withered awl warped her very ex
istence." "Ami would you thus feed the tongues
of gossips?"
"We can by tills means best still
thera, dear. Do you think the public is
ignorant of the fact that she is your
"1 think she is very little known." .
"Ttaeu you are very tnueh deceived.
The private history of all persons in
public positions becomes . public prop
erty." "Then I dou't want any public posi
tion." "Again you make me ashamed of
"Dou!t talk that way, please."
"Then don't give me cause lo do so."
It was fort ii nn te for thee married
lovers that tlie door-bell rang ami vis
itors were announced, else I sliould lie
compelled, right here and now, to
ohrnnlele their first quarrel. But Colo
nel Marblebead gained his point. Men
always do in such eases, for the might
is theirs.
There was something In the appear
ance of one of the callers, wIhi gave Ills
name as Martin Page, that teemed to
the Colonel strangely familiar, and lie
was not surprised to hear his wife say,
when formally Introduced:
"I must have met you somewhere. I
don't know but I have dreamed of you,
Yet lie did not express his own opin
ion. Evidently be had good reason for
considering the Intruder a stranger.
"Are you recently from the East?"
he asked, in a careless way.
"No. lam a fbrty-niuer, just in from
the Salmon River mines. Curue to see
you on Important business. Should
like a private interview."
Tlie little wife took the hint and po
litely excused herself. Entering Mar
tha's room, the guest chamber over
head, am) throwing herself eareleasly
into a chair, she exclaimed:
"Sister, I believe the very atmosphere
of this bouse is bewitched. I'm sore
I'veseen the man in my dreams who Is in
the parlor nw holding private confer
ence with (Jus. and his visit bodes no
good to you."
"Do you mean that little fellow, with
black whiskers and overgrown joints,
who came up the walk a while ago?"
'-'Deend uimiii it, sister mine, you are
right. Hi- visit is Intended to have
some reference to me. Tom Jones sent
him here."
"How do you know that ?"
"By the disagreeable way that the
very thought of him affects me. I am
sensible of u shuddering, shrinking sen
sation whenever auybody from Tom's
atmosphere enters my presence. No
matter if I cannot see them, I can feel
their presence all the same
"But w hat does Tom want of you 7"
"A divorce."
"Of course you'll grant it."
"I do not know."
"Don't be an idiot."
"He may demand a divorce upon a
false charge. In that case I will resist
it to the bitter end."
"I wouldn't."
"Well, we're foolish to be arguing
thus concerning that of which we really
know nothing. I dread to meet that
fellow, aud yet I know I must."
While the two were thus engaged in
conversation, sure enough a summons
came for Mrs. Jones, who obeye!, with
flushed face, thumping heart, anil flash
ing eyes.
"Mrs. Jones, allow me to introduce
Mr. Page, from the mines, who wishes a
private word with you."
With this Colonel Marblebead with
drew. "That disguise Is useless, Captain
Johnsou," said Martha, calmly. "Dyed
hair and whiskers do not change one's
form or gait."
"Don't expose me."
"No danger of that, sir. I'm only too
glad to get you out of my sight. My
brother would have you arrested In
stantly if he recognized you. What Is
your business now Would you like to
act the go-between 'twixt me ami some
body else, to see if you couldn't fleece
some one who hasn't yet encountered
your clutches ?"
I came to see if you would peaceably
bva t r ..... . i
" r- ii in" 1 1 1 iMiiininiiir tsrnmiivu
i..i x ii
"I want nothing to do with you, sir."
"You'd better not talk like that,
ma'am. I have it in my power to in
jure you more than you know, or
"As to that, sir, men have had me
ami miue so loug in their ower that
they can hardly harm me more than
they have already."
"Will you MMv llMf WTma u w
you .re wlllll,B ?
I bav-. do it rms.,T
"It would be better for
you if you
wouiu name certalu
condiilnii. ti.
uoi, u., a uwi man, Mrs. JSues
came here to befriend you."
... i . a .. . , , A in
'Then I may well exclaim, may
i ueaveu save me irum my mends."
"Now, madam, dou't talk like that
ike that, I
favor. I
. when I only want to do you a
trumped a story for Colonel
head's delectation that's about as wide
of the truth as he's devoid of philan
thropy. For I didn't want him to know
me. My business is to say to you that
if you want a legal separation, and God
knows I don't blame you, you've hut to
sign this document, agreeing to the con
ditions proposed, snd in less than tiiree
months you will bs a free woman.
There will be no publicity and no scan
dal." To be free from bonds that were ut
terly repulsive had been for years her
one ambition ami the reader who baa
followed her fortunes thus far cannot
blame her for the aspiration. Rut it Is
strange, knowing this man Johnson as
site did, and having had so little cans
to trust and honor men, because of all
her sad experience, that slit was not
more wary.
She glanced at the paper, ami, after a
moment's hesitation, willingly affixed
her signature, which was duly witnessed
by the man's accomplice, who had
scarcely simken during the call.
"Remember you are to keep your own
counsel concerning my Identity. I
have good reasons for remaining incog."
"And I have good reasons for desiring
your arrest. Hut, upon condition that
you are to get me the dlvoree, aud re
serve for me the custody ami control of
my children, I will waive all prior
claims upon you, ami abstain from pros
ecuting you as I ought. You know that
my brother overheard all when you
made that nefarious bargain with
Thomas Jones to nib me of my city
home. If I did not price liberty above
gold or rubies, I would turn you over to
the authorities. As it Is, I will let you
tiff. Rut how soon a in I to be free?"
"As soon as I can return to Washing-
ton and manage the affair projierly.1
That night, before he slept, the wily
Captain had written to Jones, giving a
detailed account of the interview.
"She signed the paper without a pro- i greatest iionipaiidceremonies, banquet
test," he wrote. "Of all unsophisticated ! ing and rejoicings of the populace,
fool .,, creation, a woman is the worst "
After the men had gone. Martha held , leiB of leI1,,wr u, proficiency ol learn
a long counsel with her sister-in-law, in jug, and she by her beauty, modesty,
which It was agreed that tbey should , and accomplishments. They were as-
not trouble Gus with the facts in hand, I T?UJ I'l'T
, , , . , . .... , kept a miuiatiire court. But In four
because of his burdensome duties in he- , ,, .fu.r m,rriBKe ,he imvilih
hall ol I lie eommonwealtli, sucn duties
being none other than the occupying,
for three or four hoars dally, a revolving
. , , ., . . . i.i t
ehair, elegantly upholstered, witli i
ifroi. umii h imiiusume imrpei niiru ujr
elaborate spittoon
"Majolr MarMeiiealf pert was resolved
henceforth to abide in tlie retired shades
of tlie Chehalem farm, and spend his
I Sundays in the little church, where be
I had formerly been an oracle. Rut this
purpose did not suit his ambitious!
spouse, who returned to Washington to
wage a crusade in her o-vu way sgainst
the enfranchisement of her si-ters.
A woman of fluer sensibilities, who
had met like reverses, would not iiave
cared to expose herself to the criticisms
of the society she had outraged, but Mrs.
Marblebead was equal to any emer
gency where stolid impudence was the
principal requisite. The care of her
son's children was a matter of smallest
moment, compared to the schemes she
had in hand
i.,.1 .. ..... ..,J
- - " pi.u
ti,. i . ,i. n..ji.i
the black hair and whiskers he had as
sumed for his visit to Martha at the j
home of her brother restortJ lo their
natural pulu color, Mrs. Marblebead
mere was there before him, as ready for
intrigue as when, years before, she bad
caused the marriage she was now pre
pared to annul.
Thomas Jones had a uew Federal ap
pointment. Tlie comparatively new
Territory of Montana had beeu receutly
districted, and be had received a com
mission as one of the judges of the Ter
ritorial courts.
"Let tlie divorce go till you get to
Montana, ami then you can manage the
allair eveu better than here," wag the
maternal suggestion.
Meanwhile Martha, now that her
step-mother was absent, aud Gus was
the custodian of ton much dignity to af
ford her further shelter, had returned to
the home of her lather, on the Cheha
lem, where she applied herself assidu
ously to the work of educating and rear
ing the deserted children of her pleasure-seeking
This was a great relief to Colonel
Marblebead, who did not know that the
whole community was discussing him,
and that, try how he might to disguise
the fact of his olose relationship to a
grass widow, the jHibllc knew all about
It, aud censured him, by common eon-
sent, for Ills neglect of his wronged aud
meritorious si-ter.
So it wax that Martha Jones nee Mar
blebead once more took up the line of
unpaid drudgery uion her father's farm.
The younger children of her own
mother, for whom she had toiled so
faithfully before aud after her unfortu
nate marriage, had scattered from be
neath the home tree, and she bad uow
the care of her father, who, soured, dis
pirited, ami almost skeptical, went mut
tering about the bonis, difficult to
please, cross to her children, and
troubled with rheumatics.
A year passed, leaving her with occa
sional gray hairs in her temples, aud a
front tooth missing. There were lines
In her forehead, too, aud nn uumlstaka-
ble drooping of the shoulders. Her step
was listless as the step of one who has
lost nil i,na . in , , .
for anil 3 ' l
ii... B" .
oue was doomed to be aroused
Fbee Speech, Free 1,hhs, "Phee People.
from her apathy. It was near the close
of an autumn day, and she was busily
engaged In washing the supper dishes,
when the postman came, bearing a let
ter that had an official look. Upon
opening it her eyes were riveted to a
document bearing the court seal of Mon
laua, declurlug her divorced from
Thomas Jones, and her name changed
to Marblebead. The news was too good
to be true, she thought. Such luck had
never come to her before. But, on read
ing further, her heart stand still.
"You are to yield the four children to
the care of their father, who will semi
for them at onee. Thejgedurt decides
that the father hub el r hi
Have them ready for the journey by the
fifteenth proximo."
"Have them ready to go where f 0,
my God ! I'd rather drown theiu than
give them up!" she exolalraed.
Then, with dry eyes and nervous tle
meiuor she weut about her duties, feel
ing that hope was dead aud eXectatIoii
a disaster.
(To be contlnned.l
Catherine of Arragon.
There is scarcely u character in Eng
lish history around w hich more of In
terest clusters than Catherine of Arra
g.n, the first wife of Henry VIII. And
tlie one who gives his attention to this
lady's uohappy story, yield her all the
more of his sympathy, inasmuch as her
misfortunes did not come upon her
through any fault or indiscretion of her
own. Her name stunds pure and un
tarnished beside that or her profligate
Catherine was the fourth daughter of
Ferdinand of Arragon and Isabella of
Castile, whose names are lnseMruhly
.linked with that of Columbus, thedis-
.ui nf A inartpa fll llur UftuAfltll
ynf WHJ) UIIte( niarrlage with
Arthur. Prine of Wales, son of Henry
VII. Her youthful husband was but a
boyol foil rteeu.aud same mnnthsyouuger
than herself. Their marriage was cele
brated at St. Paul'l Cathedral, amid the
bridegroom suddenly died, and Cather
ine was left a widow while yet barely
r. i ! 1.. t 1.11.
rtlier various iwvimiiuiiih, hi muii
Henry VII. nmnajpl to make a good
bargain with the Spanish monarch,
Catherine was promised lu marriage to
Henry, Iter brathur-ln-law. now heirap
parent to the throne. Henry was much
younaer than herself; ami us the mar
riage could not be solemnized until he
had completed Ills fourteenth year, she
was retained during the years ol wail
ing as a homage of the good faith of
Spain. A few years mterward Henry
reached that age, when his first act was
to enter a protest in due form, "that be
had neither done, nor meant to do. any
thing which could render the contract
made during his nonage binding in !
law " This his father, the king, ex- !
his son or all previous obligation, that
the contemplated marriage might be
entered into with their own free will
ami accord. But historians seem to
thiuk that its real object was, by mak
ing the marriaee wmi mu-vrlnln. to
I 'l" t,,e Sr"U,i k,mt to s,""Hlt
... uiphi mUS )u i.tiuiiii i
1 " V ',,v ew . .
ik wan ins iiniii lainerine nau oeen
1 seven vnm wi,inu ....... i,,ir I
twenty-five years of age, and Henry
nearly eighteen, that they were married.
Henry VII. hud in -aiitime died, and
Catherine's husband was now king,
styled Henry VIII. Their coronation
immediately followed their marriage.
In 1522, thirteen years after the royal
marriage, A line Boleyn, a young and
beautiful woman, daughter of Sir
Thomas Boleyn, who had been a niuhl
of honor to Queen Claude of France, was
admitted into the household of Cather
ine in a similar capacity. Says Lln
gard : "Her French education gave her
a superiority over her oompniilnns; she
played, aud danced, ami sung with more
grace than any lady at court, nud the
gayety of her conversation, with her vi
vacity of disposition, attracted a crowd
of admirers."
Klug Henry speedily became one of
these. But Anne was as discreet as she
was fair. She could not be his wife, and
she would not be bis mistress. Months
and years rolled by, and still found the
maiden obdurate. Theu Henry begun
to consider whether it was not possible
to annul his former marriage, lie pre
tended to be suddenly seized with scru
ples about the propriety of his marriage
with Catherine, since she had been the
willow of his brother. He applied to
l'ope Clement for a divorce, or for a de
cree which should annul bis marriage;
but the 1'ope perslsteiily refused to grant
either decree or divorce.
Catherine protested against the course
of her royal husband with all the dig
nity lieeomlng n queen and thednunhter
of a king. But finally, in 1633, King
Henry, finding his apieals to the l'oe
all in vain, took upon himself the re
spoiislbillty to declaro his former mar
riage null and void, and contract a mar
riage with Anne. This marriage was
privately ierftirmed, knowing, as the
king well did, that it would bring a
storm ujiou bis head when It should lie
come known. Parliament afterward, hy
the direction of Henry, recngnUed the
marriage, while Crammer officially de
clared thut Henry and Anne were and
had been Joined in lawful matrimony.
Queen Catherine was already ban
ished from th- court, and forbidden to
...... I 1 1 t... ... . I. !...- ...
ii..,.,lionsbe..i)ei.lvdlsranl.l..lvnntfi'r iu " 'M?r """"try. Two sped
herself queen ami lierilauguter princess
until tlie ilay ol Her death
But if Queen Catherine suffered cross
wrong and injustice, she was amply
avenged In theeour-eof time. She died
January S, 1530, ami iu less limn four
months she was followed to the grave
by her successful rival. But their end
was very different. Thedlvorced queen
died peaceably iu her bed, while Anne
Boleyn was ueueaueu upon mo scauoin,
probably for the three-fold reason that
she gave no male heir to the throne,
that shehad arouse.1 the jealousy of her
.royal husband, and that, fuithermore,
I he was already ensnared by a fairer lace.
To the Editor or the New Northwest :
Tli ere la no day more interesting, in
some respects, In Congress than that
on which adjournment takes place, aud
Saturday last was no exception. Though
many of the members had left for their
homes, yet enough remained to conduct
the closing proceedings after the same
manner of preceding adjournment days.
In the House Mr. Wood endeavored to
secure adoption of the resolutions lo in
vestigate the workings of the executive
departments. But as he had not a ma
jority, in consequence of the absence of
so niativ of his noliticul brethreu. the
0H'W".Jj)abllenslateriKisel dilatory m-
tlotis and then relnsed to vote upn".
them, thus showing the lack of a quo
rum.. It was a queer spectacle; a legis
lative I tody constructively without a
quorum, ami yet nearly one-half its
members were sitting mutely in their
seats. From twelve toufter three o'clock
this dumb show continued, aud then
the Democrats conceded themselves
beaten by agreeing to let the resolutions
go over till January 10th. This brought
the usual rush for assage of private
bills. But the House was not in the
temper for transuoling business, as a
uiotiou to adjourn was soon carried,
though a score of members were on their
feet excitedly trying to secure action on
their "little mutters." It Is not till the
day of final adjournment that such little
matters can be put through, as then
everybody is too sleepy from the pro
tracted sessions preceding or too much
discomposed from other causes to pay
sufficient attention to what is going ou
to eveu enter an objection, which would
bar the passage ol any bill, no matter
how Important. The Senate hsd so
completely subsided that it reached an
adjournment without u delay or a de
bute. Monday found our city in all its
accustomed quiet of the recesn, for hardly
a legislator was left to disturb our peace.
The mild and beautiful weather of
this week has been improved by our
people in busied preparation for the hol
idays, now that all national matters
have beeu settles! by the solons at the
Capitol prior to adjournment. Our shops
have put on their gaiety attires, and
anxious parents and expectant young
America throng our streets from early
morning till lute at night seeking after
Santa Clans kuick-knaeks ami means
for Christmas enjoyments. We are not
fur enough removed, as yet, from old
slavery times to forget or lose that pe
euliarsaiietity which attached to Christ
mas in the Southern States. To the
slave Christmas week was the one great
epoch ol his life, to which he looked
forward as his only Elysian. He could
endure the .-tripes and hardships of fifty
one weeks without a murmur, providing
the fifty-second week brought him
usual round of festivities, which always
characterized tlie end of the year among
the slaves. Old and young, freed and
bondman, universally devoted Christ
mas week to pleasure-seeking, and he
was a hard master, indeed, who dared
"C' Work ffm M" ',,aV, ,,Ur,"B U,h
wniN. Master auu mistress, save in
the rarest exception, laid aside their
. - , . ..
customary dignity and became wit
n esses, aud often sharers, of the negroes'
pleasures, which were uninterruptedly
pursued day and night by all upon the
plantation uutil New Year's day came,
bringing with II the inflexible rule that
tlie slave must begin his work ou the
first day of the new year. Then his fun
was over, though the Northern laborer
claims it as a holiday. While cam
paigning in the South during the war,
we were struck with the deep hold
which Christmas week and Its jollities
had upon the mind of the slave, and
how he seemingly forgot the hardships
of to-day, or of weeks, or months, pro
vided be became his own master during
Christmas week. Tlie whole week was
Christmas to him, as he knew neither
duy nor night during its continuance.
For several years after the wur we were
thrown iu official contact with the
freed man iu the South, and everywhere
we found these Christian customs, aud
in them saw one bright spot, at least,
lu the institution of slavery. In them
all hardness was tost, and the slave
stood to his master precisely as the
child of the North to his parents. Cus
torn gave the bondman full release from
his bondage, aud the muster removed
every burden, assisting with his means,
that the slave might have no bar to that
exquisite enjoyment which only a slave
could experience. He could impose
cruelest tasks upou the slave at other
seasons. But he had to face u strong
(Hitdh) sentiment when he attempted to
curtail the slaves' holiday.
The new secimeu silver dollars, of
whleh Senator Jones presented two to
President Hayes the oilier duy, are ex
ceediugly perfect ami beautiful pieces of
workmanship, surpassing in sharpness
and finish ally coins ever struck in this
mens have been made, each of the same
size and weight, 412 grains, and con
forming lu device aud iuscrlptlou to
legal requirements. The most marked
chauge from the old dollar Is the repre
sentation of "Liberty," which, instead
oi a sitting figure, is a large, sharply-cut
female head, in one wearing the hair
confined in a cirolet, on the front of
which is the "Liberty," and Iu the other
wearing a loose cap, wreathed with
grain ami flowers. Bath bear the leg
end "Iu God we trust," one in old, and
lsxrarBEit i'.
the other in modern English text. Upon
the other side of the coin Is a spread
eagle, the motto "E Pluribus Unum,"
the thirteen stars, United States of
America, aud denomination of the coin.
The eagles hold arrows aud olive
brauches in their talons, and a wreath
of oak and laurel encircles the lower
portion of the coin. Only a very small
number of the dollars have beeu struok,
and these are only specimens, but the
demand for them from collectors Is very
great, ten dollars having been refused
for one. They have not been accepted,
ud It Is not certain, even should the
pending measure for inflating sliver
coinage become a law, that these de-
Ur a wouiu ne ntially approved, though
.bo fnJlcatlou areatrong.'Y fr iW .
reotlun. Feux.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 21, 1877.
Women's Bights in Law.
In Maine a married woman may be
come possessed of real or personal prop
erty by bequest, demise, gift or purchase
in her own name ami as lier own prop
After marriage she still retains the
custody of the property owned by her
ueiore marriage, auu the same is ex
empt from liability for the debts of her
She may sue in her own name to re-
oover back lier separate property.
in tile event of tier death without a
will, her properly, real and nersoual.
descends to her heirs.
She has full iiower to make a will.
which requires three witnesses.
lu rvew Hampshire a married woman
can hold property iu her own name,
sue and be sued, and can disioe of her
property by will, and in cise of her
death without a will, her husband is
excluded from any share in tier estate.
A will requires three witnesses.
Iu Vermont a married woman is en
titled to tlie same lights of property as
iu New Hampshire: Wills require
three subscribing witnesses.
lu Massachusetts a married woman
may hold property separate from her
husband without the intervention of a
trustee. A deed conveying land to a'
married woman must be recorded withiu
ninety days of its delivery, or the laud
will be liable for the husband's debts.
Auy murried woman over tweuty-one
years of age may diswseof her properly
tiy will, provided her husbaud's consent
is endorsed on the will in writing. If
the devise is to her husband, his consent
is not necessary.
Wills must be signed in presence of
three sutiscrlulug witnesses.
Ju KlMHie island a married woman Is
entitled to her separate estate, which is
not liable for her husband a debts, nor
can He control the use of IL She may
dispose of il by will iu presence of three
subscribing witnesses.
In Connecticut tin wire is entitled to
ler separate estate which she owuel tie-
fore marriage. The proceeds of a.iy
property granted t her after marriage
are held by the husband as trustee for
his aud her children, ami his executors
must account fur the same. Wllb the
consent of her hustiand she may dispose
ot uer proteny uy win, wnicii must lie
sigued in the preseuce of three wit
Iu New York a married womau has
alisolute control of her separate estate,
aud is entitled to demand a conveyance
of any property held In trust for her,
provided sue lius a lee simple estate lu
the same. She has a right to deposit
money iu a bank iu her own name, and
draw out the same hy check.
A will requires but two attesting wit
nesses. In New Jersey the separate nronertv
of the wife is uot liable for the debts of
her husband.
Wills must be signed iu presence of
two subscribing witnesses.
In Pennsylvania theseparate property
of any murried womau, owned by her
iielore murriage, or wnicii sue lias be
come the owner of alter marriage, is
free from any liability except for her
own debts, and tbeu not until the credi
tor fulls to obtain the amount of debt
from the husband's estate. If. however.
judgment is obtained against the hus
band for the wrongful act of the wife.
the creditor must first exhaust the wife's
sejwrute property before he can levy on
tlie iiusoamrs.
Wills must be in writing and signed
by the testator, or by some one at his
request, and must be tiro veil by two
competent witnesses.
in Delaware the wife's property is
liable for the debts of the huslmud, un
less certain legal proceedings are taken
to prevent such liability.
Wills must be iu writing, ami signed
either by the testator or some nuo at
his request, and must be proveu by two
subscribing witnesses
In Mary lun.1 the wire's property, by
late enactment. Is protected from levy
ami sale fur the debts of her husliauil.
She may make a will, with the consent
of her husband subscribed to it.
Wills must belli writing, signed either
by the testator or some one at his re
quest, aud shall be subscribed iu the
presence ol tlie testator oy ui least tnree
Bv the law of Virginia a married
woman's property is subject to the debts
of her huslmud.
By the law of West Virginia the sep
arate estate of the wife is uot responsi
ble for auy but her own debts.
Wills lu both States must be written,
and signed by tile testator in tlie pres
ence of two competent witnesses, who
must subscribe to the same.
In North Carolina a woman's separate
estate is not liable for the debts uf her
Wills must lie written, signed by him
or some (lerson iu his presence at Ills
request, and shall be subscribed by two
witnesses present.
In South Carolina married women
btve no right of properly, unless con
ferred upou them by aule-uupliai settle
ments. Wills must bo in writing, signed by
the testator, or some one for him, In the
presence of three subscribing witnesses,
all of whom must be of full age.
Iu Georgia the lands' and personal
property of the wife become the property
of the husband, so that be has complete
control over them.
Wills most be In writing, and signed
by the testator, or by some one In his
presence at his request, and must tie
Bub-oribed by three competent witnesses,
By the laws of Texas all property,
K JoarnalforthePeople.
Devoted to the Interestsof Humanity.
Independent In PeUtles and Religion.
Ulve te all Uve Issues, and Thorough!?
Had leal In Oppoalog-and Exposing the Wrongs
ot the Hastes.
OaneapondeatawrlUng over assumed situa
te" out make known their names to tb
Editor, or no aitenUon will be given to their
blro r8oral- longing to a woman
Trr,BB8 "nu after mar
riage to have a separate estate, and not
lluble for her husband's debts.
ilia must be iu writing, sKDed by
the testator or some one for him at his
request, and must be witnessed by two
persons of legal age in his presence.
...... 0r,.lltt. "'"f1 women are en
titled to all the property owned by them
previous to marrioge, and all that they
may become possessed of after marriage
--. iii iuus u iii writing, signed by
the testator, or by some oue in his pres
ence, and must t-e attested by tbreeooui
peteut witnesses, who mut subscribe
the same in the presence of the testa'or.
The law in Alalia ma as to married
women's separate estate is the same as
that of Texas. It is uot liable for her
husbaiMfs debts.
Wills must be In writing, sigued by
or Us nuuieone in his pre,
Iu Mississippi married women have
the same rights us to their separate
property as is given by the law of Texas.
Wills must be iu writing, sigued by
the testator in the presence of three
subscribing witnesses.
By the Louisiana laws a married
woman is entitled to her separate prop
erty, which Is not liable under any cir
cumstances for her husband's debts.
Wills must be signed by the testator
in presence of three wituesses, ami in
presence of a notary. It may be sigued
by the testator, enclosed in an envelope,
and then banded to a notary aud ac
knowledged by the testator to be his
will, iu presence of the notary and seven
witnesses, who must all endorse tbeir
names on the envelope.
Iu Arkansas the separate property of
the wife is uot liable for the debts of the
Wills must be signed by tlie testator,
or by some oue at his request, aud must
oe witnessed oy two witnesses, who
must subscribe their names to the will.
In Tennessee the separate estate of
auy married women eauuot be made
liable for her husband's debts.
Wills must be in writing, signed by
the testator, or some one in bis presence
at his request, aud subscribed lo by two
In Kentucky the right of the married
woman to her serrate estate is the
same as in Tennessee.
Wills must Le executed the same as
in Tennessee.
Iu Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan the
separate property of the wife is free
from liability for tbe debts of the hus
band. Aud wills must be signed by the tes
tator, or oy some one at his request, in
the presence of two or more subscribing
In Illinois the wife's separate property
is protected from her husband's credit
ors by statute.
The married women of Illinois ac
quired by tbe law of 1S74 the right to do
almost everything. They can sje and
be sued in their own names. They caa
blessed privilege sue tbeir own par
ticular tyrants. When a husband de
serts his wile the latter has the custody
of the children, if tlie hu-laud stays
out of tlie Htate a year, au I does uotb
iug to support Ids wile dun ig that line,
or if he is iinpr:oued in the peniten
tiary, the wife can, Uion l.taniing an
order Irom a court of r-i iru, man ige
his property alwolutely. The wife is
uot at all liable for the husband's debts
incurred before marriage, and only in
exceptional oireumstuuees for those in
curred afterward.
She can manage any business inde
pendently, except in a case of partner
ship, which she eaunot enter without
her husband's consent. A wife's earn
ings can uot be touched by her husband
or his creditors.
A married woman car. acquire, pos
sess, and sell real and personal property
as freely as a married man can. This
list of abilities Is exjiecled to be largely
tnoreased the present year so as to in
clude suffrage aud other incidentals.
Wills must be executed in the same
manner as in Ohio.
Iu Iowa, Missouri, and Wisconsin the
separate property of the wife eauuot be
affected by the husband's debts.
Wills must be signed and sealed by
the testator in the pretence of two or
more subscribing witnesses, who shall
subscribe the same at the request of the
By the laws of California, Kansas
Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, ami Ore
gon the separate estates of married
women cannot, he in'ertered with by
their husbands. Under no circumstances
nan they be made liable 'or their hue
liatid's debts.
All wills must be signt 1 by the testa
tor, or by some person ii his presence,
iu the presence of two or more subscrib
ing witnesses. Troy Tim-.
A police insiector b. ing informed
that a restaurunier iu his bailiwick was
serving game out of season, visits the
restaurant iu mufti and infers dinner.
"Walter," says he, "can you give me
a soluii of partridge t"
"Settingly, sir," replha the waiter
promptly, and yells to lb- cook, "Part
ridge for oue."
Tlie inspector finishes his dinner leis
urely, and then says to tbe waiter:
"Ask the boss to step this way a
"What for?"
"I wish to notify him to appear in
court to-morrow ami answer fur selling
partridge put of season."
"Oh, I guess It ain't worth while both
eriug him about that."
"Do as I tell you. lam the police In
spector, and have seeiireu tbe necessary
evidence against him."
"Oh, I spotted you, and guessed what
you were after. It wasu't partridge you
Police inspector (uneasily) "What
was it, then?"
Watter (cheerfully) "Crow."
Life is a collection of little things.
Happiness Is not a hu.e package of
merchait iise, that can t po.cha.-ed in
I bulk at wholesale; it is - .Iber a mosaic
firmed of little gems, eat i insignificant
by itself alone, but grouped, combined,
it becomes attracting ami satisfying. A
pleasant smile, a kindly greeting, a
considerate deed, an unselfish act, all
trifles In themselves, yet aggregate a
sum of bumau happiness and trauqull
lity that a united family circle would
uot exchange for millionaire's wealtnor
prince's honors where the warm heart
aud gentle hand is absent.
The ceneral essential- to 'PP,"'es9
i are something to do, souuiuiog to love.
aud something to hope for.

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