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The new Northwest. [volume] (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887, January 18, 1878, Image 1

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t ilea? JJodtee.
StM. A. J. DBMffAT, KdMer ant Proprietor
A. Journal rorthePeopl.
lMroted to the Into reft -of Humanity.
Independent In ToliUn aad Religion.
Alive to all Live U&urs, and ThorougnW
Badleal In Opposing ..ndKxpoalngtaeW'ror.aR
of the MMwa.
One year. ee
Stx month I 7j
Tire mouth. 1 1
Fkm? Sprcch, FrtEE Press, Frhk People.
Cowan pondentg writing over assumed signa
tures must make known their nnm. s to tli
Editor, or no attention will be glien to tlit ir
com m u n leat ion 4.
3?OTta?t,AJNX, OKEGON, 3TX,TIA.-V, .TuVNTJVXtY li?, lJ?rS.
The IU and Matron of Chehalem.
Br Mrs. a. J. pCXlWAY,
Entered, according to Art ofCongms.ln toe
year l7T, by Mrs. A. J. Duuiway, in the office o
t:.- Librarian ofCongreMat Washington City.
In her nervous gpnrelf mIob, Hn
tier the bitter sense of wrong tbat stung
her aim ob t to a frenzy, Martha Marble
head, now Martba Jones no more for
ever, went hurrying to and fro, undoing
her work as fast as she did It, while the
diebes often fell from her hands with a
crash of destruction when she attempted
to lift them, and pots and kettles suf
fered severe contusions under her rapid
It was Saturday night. The letter,
bringing her the awful news that she
must give the children of her toil and
suffering over to the care of their father,
who bad never suffered for them a pang,
or endured a sacrifice, bad been delayed
on its Journey, and the "15th proximo"
which It named as the time for their
separation from her was now only five
days distant.
The aeeommodatioss in Major Mar
1.1 t M.
oieueau's uueoaiern Home were very
uiflerent from those in tbeelegant man
sion he had occupied in Washington,
and Martha's preparations for the regu
lar Saturday evening's bath for her
children were decidedly primitive. The
water was drawn from a deep well in
the yard with a heavy iron-bound
bucket, upon a heavier windlass, and
carried from thence in wooden palls to
the great tin wash boiler on the high
kitchen stove, where it was left for
heating, while the trembling mother
sought the attic chamber to select the
changes of clothing for each little body,
for which she alone, through all their
young lives, had tenderly oared. Their
clothing was none too plenty. "The
father, to whose custody the tender
mercy of the law had recently remanded
them, bad not furnished a dollar for
their support during his residence in
Washington, And the mother, robbed of
her earnings by the same legal tender
mercy tbat was now robbing her of her
children, had been unable to provide for
them the half tbat her fond heart sug
gested as necessary to make them com
fortable. There were rents in little
stockings and drawers to be mended,
buttons to be sewn here and there, and
a great tear in Allie's Sunday frock.
"I intended to do the mending this
afternoon, but father brought in a half
dozen tramps for me to get an extra dlu
ner for, because he was 'sorry for them,'
he eaid. I wouder if the time will over
come when anybody will think it worth
while to be sorry for me?"
Even as she asked the question, an
answer seemed to some to her inner
consciousness, a sort of inoomprehensi
ble assurance that Inspired her with
hope, without which she must have
grown insane.
"I'll conquer fate, or I'll die trying!"
she exclaimed, as, gathering the bundle
of her children's clothes for the last
time (how the thought smote her), she
descended to the kitchen and seated
herself for an hour's mending beside the
little kerosene lamp where the Major
sat, poring over the next day's lesson for
the Sunday school, wherein he was to
figure as superintendent and oracle; for
since his return from Washington he
bad assumed bis former religious dig
nity, and not only led the singing, to
the discomfiture of the district school
master, who made pretensions to rousl-
oal erudition, but to the tittering delec
tation of half a score of young men and
maidens who bad, during his absence,
constituted the choir.
"Father," said Martba, tremulously,
after she had geutly chlded the chil
dren, whose fear of "gran'pap" could
not wholly restrain their natural ex
uberance, "is there no possible way for
me to retain the custody of even oue of
these, my little ones ?"
"No, child. You're better oil without
'em. It was mainly through my advice
that Tom got em. I put in a bill for
their maintenance that I knew Tom
, nover could pay, for he's not worth a
nigger's breakfast, If you take away his
government patronage. I've raised one
family and I don't propose to raise an
other." ."V ! YU rea Kod nwnsterl"
"I say you're a cruel monster, and I
mean it, too !" .
"Be careful!"
"Nobody bufr a stony-hearted demon
could bave the cow, malicious selfish
ness tbat you exhibit."
"I've spared tbe rod too much, and
spoiled my child. But it's not too late
yet. You'll suffer far this."
As the Major spoke he rose from bit
chair, and taklDg down a rldiug whip
whieh one of the children had found a
day or two before in the highway, he
advanced toward her with the air of a
"I used to larrup jour mother like
blazes when she got into her tantrums,
and I'll take ihe snap out o' you, or I'll
-ut you in (wo."
"And did mother submit to It
asked Martha, her eyes glaring.
"Submit! I'd soy so! - And after
half a dozen severe tannings she learned
bettor than to ever saw me again, I tell
you !"
With this the Majorseized his daugh
ter by the wrist, and raised bis whip, as
if to strike.
With her disengaged hand Martha
caught a carving knife that happened to
layontbekitohen table, and brandished
it furiously.
I bave told you before that the Major
was a coward. All tyrants are eo wards.
It is only tbe magnanimous that can
afford to be brave.
"It el ease me, Major Marblehead 1"
The command was involuntarily
obeyed. The vise-like grip of the Ma
jor's long, sinewy fingers was relaxed
from their hold upon her wrist, but tbe
whip was still held aloft in the altitude
of striking.
'One blow from your hand, Major
Marblehead, and by the eternal Jeho
vah I swear that you shall never
breathe again."
Tbe uplifted hand dropped nerve
lessly, and the old man trembled like
an aspen.
The obedience of woman is com
manded by God himself," said lie, sol
"Then let God himself enforce his
law ! I vow tbat I've had enough of it
from man's baud."
'Child, you perjure your eternal solva
"I'll risk it."
Here was a famous opportunity. The
old man sank upon his knees and of
fered up one of his stereotyped petitions,
in which tbe blue biases of eternal tor
ment were made to writhe around tbe
victim of disobedience, till Martha, al
ways under a strong current of religious
influence, became alarmed.
'If I could only be annihilated, and
forget tbe self-existence that has brought
me only misery and wrongs, I wouldn't
mind anything else on earth," she said,
To the Major's mlud, tears were
wholly acceptable unto God. There
was no sin In his eyes like merriment.
and a cheerful demeanor was the em
bodiment of iniquity.
I'm glad you're relenting, ami I
pray God you may not become a casta
way," said tbe Major, as, his devotions
ended, he addressed himself to mentally
elucidating the dogma of the "Triune
God," and storing up his cogitations for
the edification of his next day's pupils,
two-thirds of whom would quiz him
openly, aud to his face, without his re
motest suspicion that lie was being
"You said you couldn't aflord to keep
my children, sir. How much does their
keeping cost you?" asked Martha,
through her tears.
I haven't computed the exact ex
pense, but I know it's more than I can
atlord," was the evasive reply.
"Well, Major, I'll tell you how much
tbeyhavecostme. I owe their existence,
In tbe first place, to au unholy alliance
with the sou of your paramour, for loan
dignify your second wife with no higher
moral title, lou connived and con
trived to preveut my marriage with my
proper mate, and compelled my alli
ance with a man I have always detested.
How he has wronged me you know.
And now, when be adds the awful pun
ishment of his own perfidy and incom
petency, when lie not only Outrages me
but wrongs my children, and I appeal
to you, the direct cause of all my suffer
ing, for protection, you add Insult
to injury by taunting me with my
children s expense: Ami, without a
twinge of conscience, you bid me turn
them over to tbe companionship of a
prostitute for whose charms the son-in-law
of your choosing forsook the daugh
ter of the wife of your youth; the wife
whom you told me just now that you
bad whipped ! Major Marblehead, if
there is a hell, depend upon it, you're
going there."
The Major started In surprise.
"Nay, Major, don't interrupt me. I'll
have my talk out, If I die for it. A
woman's tongue is the only property
the law allows her, aud I Intend to use
my patrimony. Let us look into this
matter of expense a little. You tell me
that you support me and my children,
aud tbe tax is too heavy, aud you can't
aflord It. The principal food of the
family is bread, milk, butter, vegetables
and fruit. I milk the cows, make the
butter, raise the vegetables, and -gather
the fruit. I sell sufficient surplus pro
duce of my own raising to furni.ih the
groceries and what clothing we have. I
do tbe cooking, washing, ironing, and
sewing for the family, yourself in
cluded, and the children do no'roost you
a single cent that I, their mother, do
not doubly earn. You, sir, are a oharge
upon my hands. I have freely cared for
you, as was my Illial duty, but when
cunureu leave your house I will go
too. If you cannot afford them shelter,
M:fthL"oan,t Eet a,on
Here the old sinner broke down with
a whimpering declaration or bis lovofor
her, that made the dauBhter almost
spurn him with her foot.
"Men always love women when tbey
bave any selfish end to compass by it 1"
she said, bitterly.
"But I'm old and almost helpless,
and I can't live with my other children.'
"You can co to Gus. He'll take care
of you."
"But I don't want to hamper him
He's a rising man."
"But what If I should prove a rising
woman ?"
"Women are not expected to rise. It
Isn't their sphere. They are protected
and supiwrted by men."
"Yes; that is, if they're prostitutes, or
happen to be the wives or concubines of
rich men, or men In public positions,
who are compelled to make a display of
their private property. But who pro
tects aud support me, for Instance, and
ten thousand others like me?"
"support you."
"I have been showing you how you
did It. You support me, just as the
master ouce supported the slave, by my
own labor. And now you crown your
philanthropy by carrying out still fur
ther your programme of protection by
selling my children out of my sight."
"I didn't look at It in tbat way, Mar
'But It it that way, as you now dis
cover, llut I give you warning; I'll go
If my children do."
"But you can't follow them to Mon
'I'll not follow them, sir. I'll go
"Do you forget your poor father?"
"Would to heaven I could."
The Major gave vent to one of the or
thodox groans he usually reserved for
Sundays. He must havo been sorely
"Help me to bed," he said, pleadingly.
"The lord only knows what is to be
come of me if fou forsake me."
"You'd better try a little of the trust
In Providence that you exhort others to
experiment with, and see how it
works," she replied, bitterly.
But she took the lamp, leaving the
children, who had sat in dumb terror
during the heat of the discussion, In
semi-darkness, aud leading the way, as
sisted her infirm supporter to disrobe,
after which she tucked him comfortably
away and returned to her little ones,
two of whom were asleep on the lioor.
A mammoth washing-tub was soon balf
filled with tepid, soapy water, in whieh
the children were scrubbed by turns,
and when the last oue had been awak
ened and taken through the cleansing
process, and the four, arrayed In snowy
gowns, knelt beside the mother for their
evening prayer, and she felt that her
last Saturday night with them had
come, a gleam like Insanity shot aerose
her eyes, and she raised the carving
knife forau instant, as if to end their
"What do you mean, mamma?"
Tbe voice and look of Kingston
Greensborough that appealed to her in
tbe upturned face of her oldest born,
who, having no thought of fear, re
garded the great gleaming knife with
wondering eyes, .while her long blonde
hair fell in damp clusters around her
well-formed shoulders, was all that
saved the children, was all that saved
the mother.
"O, my God!" she walled, as, clasp
ing each dependent one In lierquivering
arms, and holding thorn In a close em
brace, she wept in more tljan mortal
"Don't cry, mamma; the angels will
take care of us. God will send 'em.
He always does," said tho child, upon
whoso features the young and disap
pointed mother's imagination had un
consciously eustamped the likeness of
her soul's counterpart.
"O, my darlings, I had only you, and
you are now to be taken away ! God is
not just, else he would not permit It."
"It Isn't God's fault, mamma; and
he'll help you out of trouble sometime.
I know he will. There's nn angel, only
she hasn't any wings, who watches over
us. I can see her now."
As the child spoke, her face grew ra
dlant, and her manner was that of ex
treme ecstasy.
"Be good, dear mamma, and keep
your temper smooth so the pretty angel
can come. She always hides in a cloud
when I get cross. But when I'm good,
and watch over my little sisters, amrdo
just what I know Jo bo right, her face
lights up with smiles, and her clothes
get white and shining like the sun. I
don't mind going away, mamma, for
papa will bo sorry, and he'll give us
back to you. God tells tbe angel not to
let us come to harm."
"O, my precious pet ! Why am I to
be separated from you ? Wasn't ray
cun tun onourn oetorov" waiieu me
poor mother, in the depths of an agony
tbat was pitiable. "They could take
my labor, my love, my property, my
home, and I could bear it, but now I
will curse God and die."
"But why curse God, mamma?
tell you ho Is good."
Martha Marblehead could not refute
tbe simple logic of her child. Once she
had believed just like her, she thought,
but tbat was long ago, before such trials
came. Some day, and she shuddered at
tbe thought, some cruel fate might lead
her own darlings along life's blistering
highways, bruising their feet and tear
ing meir ucarts ana bands witli the re
morseless rigor of tho human law,
Would to heaven they all'were in their
But it would not do to longer Indulge
" 'uury or a grief like this. There
-n, T, before uer"w-
ones were .tucked away in
their beds, tho good-night kiss was
given, nnd tbe tired, heart-soro mother
cleared away tho mammoth tub and
cast-off clothing, used tho mop on tbe
spattered lloor, and at nlno o"'c!ock sat
down to her rneuuing, mecuanicany
planning her work, and feeling as only
a mother might when making herchll
dren's burial robes.
She would have spent the Sabbath In
sewing for them, when not busy with
her other duties, but bor father rigidly
compelled orthodox rest; thatjs, rest
from light labor, and, as usual, Jllled
the house with loafers, for wjiom then
troubled woman felt compelled to cook
and wash dishes, that they might keep
the day "holy" through the idleness her
labors brought them.
The days sped on, nnd the "loth prox
imo" was now at hand. Martha bad
not yet learned tbe manner of her chil
dren's departure, for their legal owner
had not deigned to convey the informa
tion; but she knew tbey would be sent
fur, and was not surprised when Captain
Johnson, of the pulu-colored hair aud
whiskers, came for them.
"I'd send for Gus, only he'll be afraid
of public opinion, and won't consent to
bring the fellow to trial," she said, to
herself, as, dressing her little ones for
tho lost time, she led them forth, amid
their tears aud sobs, and, helping them
Into tho coach, kissed each a long fare
well, nnd returned to the house, dry-
eyed, and pale as ashes, and locked her
self within her room.
"I'll find them and be near tbem,
though the heavens fall," sho said,
compressing her lips and gazing after
the line of rislug-dust that marked the
road, as the unwieldly diligence wound
slowly around the hill.
"Their mother was as brazenly un
feeling as though she were a total
stranger to them," said tho Itev. Mr.
Brown, afterward, In speaking of the
matter to his wife. "She didn't shed a
tear, and the little things clung to her
aud screamed piteously. Ineversawso
hard-hearted a woman In my life."
"And I never saw n more devoted
mother 1" exclaimed the wife. "Men
nevor do know bow to understand
women's hearts."
To b oonUnued.1
The Divorce Law.
We give tho following sensible re
marks relative to the divorce law of
California and its proposed amendment,
from the Vallcjo Chronicle. Wearequite
sure that our readers' will agree with
the journal quoted that the proposed
amendment "savors more of theology
than of jurisprudence," and that its
adoption would neither "promote pub
lic morality nor private happiness:"
Senator Pierson has introduced a bill
amending the divorce law so as to al
low absolute divorce only for adultery,
and divorces from bed and board for ex
treme cruelty, habitual intemperance.
desertion, neglect to provide aud con
viction for felony all of which latter
grounds being under tho present law
sufiloleut cause for full divorce.
We do not think that Mr. Plerson's
amendment would promote public mo
rality or private happiness. Who will
"ay, going over the list of causes given
above, thut there is one' of them not a
good reason for giving a full separation
to me injured party l
wny divide divorces Into two classes 7
If the ollenso besufnclent to warrant a
divorce from bed aud board, it ought to
uesumcleut to permit an absolute one.
If a man is so besotted a drunkard, so
brutal, so heartless that his wife may
be allowed to abandon him. aud be ab
solved from all the duties and obliga
tions or a wife, then be has bceu bad
enough to forfeit every claim upon her
I u lure. We cannot seo any sensible
reason for declaring that nil the condi
tions of marriage shall be abrogated,
that the husband and wife shall In all
their relations to each other be esteemed
as if never married, and yet bo com
pelled to curry the broken links of mat
rimony around their necks.
Whatever (scandal may occur (o so
ciety nnd the tslate of uiu'trlmouy is in
flicted by the divorce proceedings and
subsequent separation. A subsequent
marriage by either of the parties could
add nothing. That the happiness of
many lives would bo ruined by Mr.
Plerson's amendments we think even
he must concede, aud we do not think
that he can show any compensating
good in the promotion of public virtue.
His proposition savors more of theology
than of jurisprudence.
Henry Wilson and Anna Dickin
son. Anna Dickinson is published as
having a talent for scolding I never
heard her scolding talent disputed. Tbe
superb proof she has given of her elo
quent possession of It does not seem to
scare the would-bc husbands In the
slightest, thougli all men declare they
can bear any affliction better'than a
scolding woman. I've come to the con
clusion that on a magnificent scale tbey
rather like it, else why do tbey march
upon Anna and beg her to scold them
for life at the rate of "seventy or so a
year?" Henry Wilson, after be became
Vice-President, called on me one day In
deep perturbatice of spirit, aud told me
that "Anna Dickinson had been recom
mended to him as a wife,"- and asked
my opinion on the subject.
The. possibility of her not accepting,
if he asked, had not even dawned upon
the old gentiemau's ml mi.
"Auua is attractive," he went on,
"but I'm afraid there's too much of ber.
She'd keep on wautluga career of her
own, wouldn't stie-7 mat wouiu put a
public man iu an unpleaeaut position;
don't vou think so?"
"I think," I said, "that if you ever
receive company iu a drawlug-room,
with Anna Dickinson as your wife,
that you, Mr. Wilson, will be nowhere,
.. ... . r st
If you are vice-l'resiuenr," jiary wem
titer's Letter to Boston Herald,
A little fellow who wore striped stock
ings was asked why he made barber
poles of bis legs. ita pert reply was,
"Well, hain't I a little shaver?"
How Shall Vo Head It?
I have something to show you, so
please walk with me a llttlo way down
the street. We will stop before a neat
llttlocottage, by the side of whose green
blinded door we shall see a japanned
letter sign.
Now these same japanned signs are
very comraou all professions use them
to announce their busiuess and business
relations. You cntiuot go amiss for
them anywhere; and, in a business lo
cality, their absence is the exception.
What then is there about this oue that
is singular? Here we are; let us go up
and read.
I eiyortler of "
There! Can you co into that little
abiding place now, think you, and get
your new muslin cut and fashioned?
ota bit of it, for, don't you see, there
is a veto : What is the use for Mrs.
to bave all tbe talent of concentered
ages? provided it might be of such; of
wuaivuiue is it to tier or beuetit to the
community at large, does not Mr.
say "oY"
by did God develop In this woman
a faculty aud element of usefulness if
lie was also going to create another
power which should be absolute and
final as to her using it?
Why do we call the Bible Inspired If
one of its chlefest adjurations "Bury
uoi my talent," etc., Is to be made or
no avail by reason of a petty human
ageuoy ?
In the unseen and unknown future
where is the blumeof this crime to fall?
for anything which Is forbidden aud
then persisted in is a crime. Who Is to
bear it, Mrs. , who has tbe taleut
and aches in every limb to exercise it,
not only lor friends and usefulness, but
also as a source of individual and per
sonal pleasure in other words, who
seeks to cultivate the "talent" which
sho is bidden not tojjlde or Mr. ,
uu, in ins superior wieuoui, lays uown
the law of masterly denial, aud, with
the authority of un autocrat, says ".No!"
rsow there must be a reason for this:
for when a man openly gives expression
to such a sentiment, lie lays himself
liable to all sorts of questiouings as to
motives. I dare say it is n.jn ot our
business; a family is the sanctuary in
which are tbe gods aud goddesses of the
home; but fettered mental attributes
are as open to censure as fettered limbs,
aud who would not inquire into the case
of any ono who was tied up hand and
root, literally, day after day ? So a ques
tion or two among ourselves is cer
tainly In order.
Here Is a man, and, by bis side, a
woman. hen she was by herself
there was no hindrance to her exercis
ing her taste and talents for all the ben
efits which mlcbt accrue: hut as soon
as she "gives herself away," as the for
mula nas it, sue immediately becomes
subservient, to the degree thut a public
announcement must be made, to the
effect that nobody need ask her auv
more to do what she has all her former
life been happy In dolug.
Now, then, how about the theory of
the "oak and the clinging vine ?" This
vine did not want to cling. This vine
had stamina enough of its own, and
was impatient to stand alone. But are
oaks so much the stronger that vines
nave got to cling, whether or uo? Out
West the vlues are so much the more
vigorous of the two, that tho oaks are
"clung to death," and then the vines
go on their way in their own might!
Haven't we beard enough about the
"clinging vines?" If there were only
one Instance to the contrary, it would
detract from the universality of such a
doctrine, and lo I here Is ono at our very
uauu. it all the instauces stood out on
a public bulletin, where the women of
the household do the supporting, and
the men do the elegant leisure, the com
munity at large might be better in
formed on the subject. But doors and
walls are potent sometimes, aud we do
not see behind them.
Why should not the woman, if she so
pleases, take some of her time for her
own benefit 7 Of course, with the la-
panned sign before our eyes, wc are at
liberty to draw our own conclusions:
and, insensibly, a "button" theory
creeps In. Who knows but that is the
secret, after all? With the new duties
of button and string, would there be
iiKeiy to remain much time for outside
work ?
Euoch Strout asserted in nubile that
In a wife he wanted sombody to wash
bis pots and kettles for him. Bather
au unlucky speech for Enoch, inasmuch
as, in process of time, lie did a friend of
mine the Honor or the offer of his hand:
aud she, remembering his expressed
avowal, assured him that she didn't as
pire to the dignity of "washing his pots
and kettles!" (Fact.) Meeting him on
his own ground, bad ho any right to be
Meantime, there stands the little
"jupanued sign;" and if wo have felt at
liberty to give utterance to these first
thoughts which crowd involuntarily.
can thero not be another side, and may
we uni imagine mat real uevotlon to a
beloved wife may bave given rise to this
public assertion of a determination not
to have her overwork herself? If this
be the case, could we not resnectfullv
suggest that the great public are able
to uiscuss, in many unconscious ways,
now muiiers are, generally, without a
little "Jaiiaiined slgu" to emphasize it
iui, as x nave said before, it really Is
none of our business what the man
meant, only, as sure as preaching, there
ii is:
Per order of "
ho 1 slmnlv revert to mv caption.
leaving it where It is; and, since we as
suredly have a right to read a sign which,
oi course, is put before our eyes for that
express purpose, I only ask agal n: "Ho w
suau we reau iv Woman's Journal.
Fremont's Effects. The personal
eilects, paintings, books, bric-a-brac.
and other similar articles belonging to
General John C. Fremont were sold at
auction In New ork recently. AmoDc
the goods disposed of were a set of nine
pieces of bevres porcelain, decorated in
Diuo ana goiu, wuich bad been pre
sented to General Fremont by Napoleon
III., and a water-color sketch and auto
graph letter from Baron Von Humboldt.
He bad proposed to her, and now,
with fear and trembling, awaited for
her answer. "Only one word," be said,
"If but to keep alive the fires of hope
within my bosom." She looked at him
tenderly, nay, lovingly, and her Hps
moved in accents tbat went to the
depth of his soul. She asked him how
much be earned a week.
A Breeze iu the Legal Olab.
Wo have in San Jose a society known
as the Legal Club, which meets weekly
at the County Court-room for mutual
improvement. It is composed of law
students mainly, with a sprinkling of
full-Hedged lawyers, rne organization
is similar to that of a District Court, aud
is supposed to be conducted in a like
manner, law problems are selected lor
solution, aud attorneys assigned lo ar
gue the cases In their order.
Well, a few weeks ago, Mr. Clara M.
Foltz, a law studeut in the office of her
father, applied for admission and was
duly elected a member of the club.
There was same little squirming amtftg
a few youthfal old foes of tbe olub at
tut; iua ui auuiiiiiuK u wuumu to meir
deliberations; but the good sense of a
large majority of the members prevailed
and her name was duly enrolled as a
practicing attorney in that incipient
court, entitled lo all the rights and priv
ileges of any other memberof said court.
a. studied etlort was then made by a
few malcontents, who believe a-womau
has "no rights that a white man is
bound to respect," to oust the lady; but
the club muurully sustained her, and
the soreheads were compelled to submit.
A question involving many nice legal
points was selected lor consideration
last Thursday evening, and Judge Bry
ant, then presiding, assigned Mrs. Foltz
as oue of the attorneys. At the time
appointed she was ready with her argu
ment. -Mr. -Miller, who was elected
Judge pro tent of the previous meeting,
took the bench for the purpose of ren
dering the decision in tbe case submitted
a week ago. Before this was done, how
ever, Mr. Heinlen moved tbat filename
of Mrs. Clara M. Foltz be stricken from
tho list of members. Some sparring
was then Indulged in as to whether that
was a proper motion to put; also,
whether the person occupying the bench
was the proiier judge to bear the mo
tion. The objections were overruled,
and Mr. Grandy proceeded to deliver a
slipshod, shambling speech In favor of
me motion, iu the course or his re
marks, whieh cannot be dignified by tbe
title of argument, be expressed the
opinion tbat women, as a class, are not
capable of comprehending the law as
are men, not having the mental eajiae
ity necessary, aud compared them to
educated animal", such as dogs, cats,
horses, and monkeys, which perform
certain acts merely in accordance with
tho training they have received, with
out the originality to conceive ami exe
cute for themselves. He admitted that
women were smart in some things, but
that was not wonderful. It was the
smartness of the educated dog or mou-
Key. tie bad a cut tbat he had taught
to do some very smart things, but be
did not consider it at all wonderful. He
said it was essential to keep tbe law-tree
clean of those limbs tbat sprouted from
the bottom, aud therefore they must be
cut off (meaning women or Mrs. Foltz),
aud that If women were allowed to
practice law, they would bring it into
disgrace. "e have," he said, lu a
W'ebsteriau burst of eloquence, "had a
plenty sufficient enough of this sort of
thing," aud he subsided.
Mrs. Foltz being invited to speak on
the motion, did so in a graceful, digui
fietl manner. She Jiurled back th'e in
sulting comparisons of the preceding
speaker, claiming that she did not con
sider herself his inferior iu any intel
lectual sense. She stood, she said, be
fore the club without reproach, and she
held tbat she had the same right to
practice law, or pursue auv honorable
calling Jor which she was capable, as
uiuu. -iiB iuujuteu tu iiinerseii lorine
law, and thereby earn an honest sunnort
for herself and family.
Mr. Webb made an able argument in
favor or Mrs. Foltz, saying that the lady
is a member properly admitted aud iu
good standing, and that nothing in the
ruies oi tue oiuu prohibits her Ironi par
ticipating In tlie proceedings of the so
ciety. Mr. Webb took up the question
of ber mental capacity, and quoted the I
statistics of Aim Arbor, Antioeh, and
other colleges where tbe sexes are edu
cated together, to show tbat woman has j
evidenced intelligence equal, if not su
perior, to the men with whom they have
competed. Among other authorities,
he cited Anna (J. lirackett s work on
"TlieUilucation of American Women."
Mr. Heinlen opposed the proposition
that Mrs. Foltz was a member, as in his
opiniou the admission of women is op
posed to the rules of tbe club.
Here the debate ended, and Judge
Miller decided that Mrs.' Foltz was a
properly admitted member, in good
stauding, and entitled to all the rights
and privileges of such a member.
At this point Mrs. Foltz arose, sub
milted her withdrawal, and requested
that her name be stricken from the roll.
Before auy action could be taken, Mr.
Mason arose and submitted tbe follow
ing resolution :
Jlvsolved, That it is tbesenseand wish
of this club that Mrs. Foltz remaiu a
member thereof.
This resolution was passed by an
overwhelming vote, and again t lie storm
Judge-Miller then rendered a decision
in the case submitted to him as Judge
jwo few at the previous meeting, after
which Judge Heinlen resumed thecbair
and the case set for argument was
opened for plalntill by Grandy. At the
close of his remarks, Mrs. Foltz arose as
one of the counsel for the defense and
claimed the right to be heard, when
Judge Heinlen, of his own motion,
ruled that she was not a member, and
not entitled to appear. The remaining
speakers then refused to go on with the
argument, and the court adjourned for
one weeK. man Jose Mercury.
Miss Emily B. Aldrlch. of Centredale.
R. I., has made a special study of Pho
nography lor two years, and is prepared
to take dictations of sermons, letters,
articles ror the press etc. Her terms
are 2 50 per day, or $15 per week; or,
charges are made by the pace, or bv the
sermon, If preferred. This is a compara
tively new profession for women. We
nope it may prove a lucrative oue.
The theory tbat "they govern best
who govern least," as appljed to dis
cipline, is rapidly gaining converts
both in this country and throughout the
civilized world. Terrorism and brute
force, as agents in reform, aro fast losing
ground, and we are glad of it.
A New York court has decided that
presents made to a woman before her
marriage are ner sole legal property af
ter the ceremony. A ladv sup.i Uar i.no.
band's executors to recover$l,500 worth
of wedding gifts, and won a verdict for
tue iuu amount.
The Tyranny of Onttom.
From babyhood girls are wronged in
the suppression of their natural tastes
and preferences. Tbe eviilent restless
ness of American women to-day is the
natural recoil from this despotism of
The fond father, watching for the first
faint iudieatio of genius in his boy,
observes tbat h has a preference for
machinery, and tb house is filled with
boxes of tools, toy engines, and wind
mills, while speculation as to his for
tune is one of the most interesting sub
jects of family conversation but what
U his tiny sister evinces a special taleut
for millinery, do we bear auy fondau-troifMitlorra-wf
tbe tttrre when she ia to
become au artistic milliner? Aud yet
is it uot just as honorable lo combine
Mowers, fruits, feathers, laces, iu pleas
ing eileets as to combine paints? Or
what if the daughter should eviuce skill
in designing; ir ber artistic soul, bar
rowed by theirightful blending of colors
iu the carpet, the grotesque figures of
the wall paper, should design some
thing better? Would she receive tbe
same encouragement as Iter brother ? O
mothers, seated by your sweet girl cbit
dreu, watching with teuderest mother
love the first faint indications of genius,
taste, or individuality, as you value the
possibilities of life, hesitate ere you at
tempt to crowd that little soul iuto the
straight-jacket of custom aud prejudice !
God, with infinite wisdom, bestows
upon your child a genius for practical
art, and tbe world needs art but cus
tom produces the straight-jacket, and
says: "uod has made a mistake; you
are to wash dishes, and sweep, uud
God sends tbe gift of sous', and i:ds
this girl-child write. Write earnest.
pleadiug, womanly words, mother words
for the great slu-sick world. But cus
tom hints, "God mistook you for a boy.
lie meunt you should only live for love;
touoh literature, aud being a woman,
you may fail of love; bury your talent,
buy a broom, let not au ink-stain mar
your feminiue hand; so shall you win a
Yet again, there comes surging
through another soul messages of love,
tud hope, and peace fur humanity.
'Think wbat the Christ hath done for
you, will ye not corneas nira 7" The
woman's heart beats back a responsive,
"Yea, Ijord," but tbe Christian Church
writes over her pulpits, "Sacred to
men." Mrs. E. JS. JIarbert, in Inirr
Oeean. School Workaad rood.
A person can do a great deal of work
if he will ouly sleep and eat enough to
supply the waste of body and braiu.
Mental work is more exhaustive thau
the hardest physical labor.
A very eminent physician says that
"more teachers and scholars break dowu
from tbe lttck of sufficient nourisbmeut
tbau from any other cause ."'
Those w ho do much bead work need
a good.geuerous diet; )enty of food, and
that of tbe most nourish iug kind; pleuty
of beef, and thai the best.
Tbe more active tbe brain, tiie greater
tbe exhaustion following. Recupera
tion must come through sleep and food.
A remarkably healthy, efficient ladv
of Cambridge says, "I bave seven chil
dren iu school, aud they are going ahead
"Are you not afraid for their health ?"
we asked.
"Oh, no. I think it very essential
tbat they should have good, nourish! DC
diet, and see to it tbat they do. . They
nave no trouble with their work, and
are perfectly healthy.
" hen 1 nrst met tbeir father be was
an invalid, aud never expected to do
anything iu bis profession, was thought
tone jusr, gone id consumption; but it
was ouly dyspepsia, and I cured bim by
atteutiou to his diet. 'He has beeu per
fectly well, and a worker ever since we
were married."
Horeee Maun had a will tbat seemed
to overcome all obstacles; at twenty.
be had only been to a common district
school, but in six months he fitted him
self for and entered the Sophomore
Having obtained a scholarship of
three hundred dollars a year, he devoted
every energy to his studies; but lie neg
lected ins oouy, and lived on bakers
bread and molusees; or rather tried to
live on them, for be soon began to fail,
and almost died. '
Some ladies, hearing of this. Invited
him to their houe, where, with proper
nourishment and care, be soon recov
ered, and graduated with tbe highest
Mrs. Mannalways attended very care
fully to her husband's diet, which was
by no means the least part of her use
fulness and assistance to him.
Laughter. We would rather lie
poor aud merry than inherit the wealth
of the Indies with a discontented spirit.
A merry heart, a cueerful spirit from
which laughter wells up as naturally as
bubbles in tbe spring of Saratoga, are
worth all the raoney-baRs, stocks and
mortgages of' the city. The man who
laughs Is a doctor, with a diploma en
dorsed by the school of nature; his face
does more good in a sick-room than a
pound of powders or a gallon of bitter
draughts. If things go right, he laughs
because he is pleased; If tbey go wrong,
he laughs because it is cheaper and bet
ter than cryisg. People arealways glad
to see him, their bauds instinctively go
half way out to meet bis gVasp, while
they turu involuntarily from the touch
of the dyspeptic, who speaks on the
groaning key. He laughs you out of
your faults, while you never dream of
being offended with him. It seems as
if sunshine came Iuto tbe room with
bim, aud you never know what a pleas
ant world you are living iu until he
points out the sunny streaks on its path
way. Who can help loving the whole
souled, genial laugher ? Not tbe buffoon,
nor the man who classes noise with
mirth but tbe cheery, contented man
oi sense aud mind! A good-humored
laugh is the key to all breasts. The
truth is that people like to be laughed
at in a genial sort of way. If you are
macing yourself ridiculous, you want
to be told of it in a pleasant manner,
not sneered at. And it is astonishing
how frankly the laughing population
can talk without treading on the sensi
tive toes'of their neighbors. Why will
people put on long faces when it is so
much easier aud more comfortable to
laugh? Tars come to us unsought and
unbidden. The wisest art in lite is to
cultivate smiles, oud to find the flowers
where others shrink away for fear o(

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