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THURSDAY. Al'RIL 10, 1S79.
GEADUAL BUT EADIOAL CHANGES. Though In the main it is exceedingly tedious to wait the slow evolutions of change in public sentiment, It Is patent to tbe careful observer that this very townees is often essential to the safety of the nation. Suppose that the Con gress of loyal, patriotic and auxloue men who fifteen years ago assembled In Washington, could have looked lorward to the session of that august body Id 1879? Not only the members of Congress in 1564, but their entire constituency would have started up alarmed at the hhjwI of the present roll-call. The slow progress of events, however, makes the country look on with unconcern while seats In tbe House of Representatives are filled with rebel brigadiers, and ex Confederate soldiers s warm the places of public trust. The Chloago Inter-Oeean truly says that sacl) a sight would have led the people of that period to have Mipposed tbeConfedemleoause triumph ant, and that the rebel army had surely captured the national capital and foreed tbe federal army to terms. John ston, whose bristling guns IhrwiJeVgd deetraetloD to Washington, sits lu tbi House regulating the supplies of tbe L Jilted States army; Hampton, whose charges against the Union lines shat tered but did not force them, speaks with authority from a seat In the Sen ate; Withers, who held command over a loathsome prison pen where many a hoy in blue met death by starvation and disease, sits as chief of tbe pensions committee. And so on through the long list, the blue is forced to the rear, and the gray comes to the front glit tering with Confederate buttons. "And this occurs," says the journal above quoted, "In a nation charged with per heeutlug a beaten foe, trampling upon a helpless people, and robbing a denfense loss antagonist of all that makes life dear." What the sequel will be, what penalty tbe nation will pay for this un precedented magnanimity or folly, re mains for tbe future to unfold. In the meantime, the world may well pause, and, Indulging in retrospection for awhile, marvel at the unwonted spec tacle, counting no change in public sen timent impossible. If the result is not disastrous, then it is idle to prognosti cate disaster from any gradual change, however radical in its completion. Then we trust to hear uo further pre dictions of disaster from giving the bal lot to woman because of the "great change" that It will induce in matters of public polity. Greater changes than have occurred in governmental matters in this nation during the past two decades have never beeu witnessed, and Mill the world jogs on, society jogs on, tbe nation is prosperous in seed time, jabtiant when it gathers in Its harvests, Its material Interests ami prospects boding uo disaster, social, po litical or financial. LAOK OP JUDGMEHT. A friend, commenting upon the re marks we made several weeks ago w hen speaking of Mr. Dolph'a lecture in Ma sonic Hall, says: "You eay that you 'often hear of the unpopular! ty of Woman Suffrage, and as often reply that it Is ounopular only with the Iguorant ami untliiukiBg, and that this eveniug's ex tx rluient abundantly proved tlieopinion true,' 2ow, I have only to eay that you put a very low estimate upon the judg ment of tens of thousands of tbe best men and women of our land, as there :.re many noble, thinking, upright men Mid women who oppose this great ques i lun." We oertaiuly must place a low estimate upon tbe judgment of thinking persons who oppose the enlargement of woman's sphere, as in our view no one tMssessed of logical mind who lias given ihe subject sufficient thought to enable him to give an intelligent opinion, can lar a moment oppose it, much leee pub lish his opposition. Tbat there are hose atnoug our beet men aod women Mho oppose it we know, but we insist that they have not studied this question, " its merits, divested of personal preju dices and stripped of the sophistries of ustom. If they have done so aud still render adverse opinion, then they are .levoid of true nobility of soul, or are defective in judgment. Good men and women these last may be, tiolwilbstand nig this, but Incapable of grasping tbe I road idee, of universal freedom; persons io whom the words of tbe Declaration f Independence are meaningless, how ever blindly revered. The ignorant lass whom I'olloek describes as ' M-n who never had a doren thoughts In nil their Uvea, and never rhanged their course, Jut told them o'er, each in It customed place. Frum morn till nlgfat, from youth till hoary age," We do not censure; we expect nothing; rom tbem when great issues are pend tig, but merely class them, pass on and wait the tardy action of time to supply :eir rauks with better material. We oust demur to oor friend's opinion that ibe plain statement or facts "will retard instead of hasten the day of woman's nfranciiisement." Had it not beeu for :be pla.ii. p-cn, nution of fade, theeause .f equal rights would be to-day where It was in the early days of the century when all the places of honor, emolu ment and trust were eonsi.:. red iut' rightful prerogative. H'omm'i IIWs, which has been dited jointly for the past year by Sarah Andrews Spencer and Theresa Juan .Lewis, has again passed into the sole charge of the latter. This periodical presents an interesting record, ably ed ited, of what women are doing, and i hould bo patronized by every woman who believes in the enlargement of woman's sphere. The address of Mrs. R, IS. Hansford is wanted at this office. PEEVEETED ENEBGY. AH who visit our annual fairs see on exhibition the Inevitable notoh quilt, deftly wrought in tiny saw-teeth anti diamond shape bits of calico, otl,nlw..l . .1. U,U"U "denier without regard to harmony of colors, the on! v effort seam ing to be to get tile most pieces in tbe least possible space, ami to work as much euorgy, eye-sight and patience into me conglomeration as is possible. We find in an eastern exchange a coun terpart of tills tedious coiinteriane, spoKen oias follows: Mrs. 8Mh Wright has la her possession a oea qaiu or ner own contriving and hard work containing 1U,VH pieces arranged In block containing 106 piece each. It It a curimtty to raoi ai. ana lead one to wonder how any woman can have patience enough to pnzzle her brain and busv her llugen In stitching to gether m many minute square or calico. We wonder ir It ever occurred to this lady to think of the wonders he might have accomplished In tat. way or study and mental Improvement, or in benefitting tbe world. In the same time be spent over thU quilt, which, now It U done, Is not a whit more useful than a five-cent cal ico one would be, and probably not any pret tier; while It certainly cannot be hall hand oau a a white counterpane. We appreciate lawnatato maun, but we want lo see them leant Jo tara their Industry to good advantage. la aathlng to commend in worthiest. Wlmve olteu expressed our opinion OH tWs Subject In language similar to the above, and every year confirms us more fully in tbe belief of its correct ness. In the first place, useless work in a world where there is so much need of useful employment is selfish, and to that extent, wicked. Xiue times out of ten a starved mentality accompauies this interminable stitching; physical dis orders which it is not only to the Inter est of every individual mother, but to tbe interest of posterity to preveut, re sult from tbe cramped iiositlon of the worker, who, defrauded of God's blessed sunshine, sits for weary days and weeks and months, cutting, and fitting ami sewing; together these inharmonious and useless bits. Yet other days are spent days of discomfort and general disorder in the family In which, the patching completed, the dizzying maze is stretched in frames, suspended from tbe ceiling; or supported by chairs, aud the needle, propelled by a fretful energy, glides in aud out, lacerating thumb aud finger as it goes, tiring back aud side and arms as the position of the body is further contorted to make a good "reach," and after all, a quilt that has neither warmth nor beauty to recom mend It, Is taken from the frames, folded and placed upon the shelf to be displayed on special occasions as a marvel of industry. What need to mul tiply words when the common sene of every one says the boast Is out of all proportion to its great cost. "THE HOME PE0TE0TI0K PETI TION." The women of Illinois, alive alike to tbe claims of women to representation and the good of the temperance cause, have circulated a petition with the above title, the text of which we give below. Their motto is, "For God aud home ami native land," and their la bore, of which an extract published elsewhere from a Springfield, Illluols, journal, in the peculiar province in which they have been directed have met with a wonderful success. The les son learned of tbe crusade, In which eft many noble-minded women spent months of severe but misdirected labor, taught tbat moral suasion withont law is powerless to eradicate a giant evil. A little evanescent sympathy may be evoked by groveling in the attitude of suppliauts at tbe feet of men, but for the eradication of any deep-rooted evil, give tbe lstent moral force of the com munity ower that lici only in the bal lot. The women of Illinois have struck the key-note of eaecess on this great question. Reforms never make retro grade movements, and the ball thus set In motion by experience will be kept in onward movement by the breatli of enthusiasm and the consciousness of right, until this moueter evil that des olates so many homes, making those who should be high priestesses thereof, pitiful and cringing suppliants at tbe hated shrine ol Bacchus, shall be led captive at tbe will of those who have Ml lie red at Its bands such foul wrong. The petition is addressed lo the House of Representatives of the State of Illi nois, and la couched in these word: Wiikrkas, In these years of tem perance work, Ihe argument of defeat in our content witli tbe saloons lias taught us that oor efforts are merely palliative of a disease in tbe body poli tic, which can never be eured until law ami moral suasion go hand in hand in oor beloved State; and Whereas. The instincts of self. protection and of apprehension for the safety ol iter cblklreu, Her tempted loved ones, ami Iter home, render woman tbe natural enemy of the saloons; Therefore, Your petitioners, men and women of tbe State of Illinois, hav ing at lieart the protection of our homes I rom their worst enemy, the legalized traflle In strong drink, do hereby twit earnestly pray your honorable body that by suitable legislation It be provided tbat in the State of Illinois the ques tion of licensing at any time, lu any lo cality, the sale of any and all intoxi cating drinks (including wine and beer) shall be submitted to and determined by ballot, in which woineu of lawful age should be privileged to take part lu the same manner as men when votlug on the question of lleeuse. II. C. Bale, ex-slierifl of Yamhill county, now in jail at Lafayette for em bezzlement of the county's funds dur ing his official term, announces that he returned to that place with the express intention of giving himself up, and pro tests that he did not Intentionally wrong the people, and fully expected to make all right up to three days prevl ous lo his departure last fall. An interesting sketch of the early his tory of tbe Oregon State Agrieultural Society, complied by Mr. J. Henry Brown, appears with tbe pamphlet an nouncing the list of premiums for the nineteenth annual fair or the society, -n.i. r..i. .m i . . . .a., iu ue tieiu at some uato yet 1 to bo agreed upon in the rail of 1S70. PBA0TI0AL TEMPEBAKOE W0E. To the Kihtok op THE New North wkct: From attendance, attention and gen eral interest manifested, the open tem perance meetings iu this city ard a de cided success, but that a lynx-eyed court of inquest would admit the cor rectness of that assumption, I very much doubt. The exercises are pleas lug, attendance over-flowing and at tention good, but that something very esseutial to the accomplishment of great and lasting good is lacking, uo candid person cau deny. Were I a physician and called upon for aiiolf-hand prescrip tion for this patient, I'd sy, "Liberal nud long-continued doses of hii uncom promising spirit of working reform." Would I be counted captious if I should say that there are too many appeals made to the Almighty at these meet ing", unaccompanied by the laying hold of tho means provided by which liilem perauce may be suppressed ? At times one can scarcely avoid the conclusion that, "in tlie opinion of leaders of this movement, the rum traffic cau aud should be put down without hurting the feelings (If they have any) of parties de riving profit therefrom." Now, this man-fearlug, time-serving fplril is the very device by which "the powerful batteries of the Almighty (our pulpits)" have been "spiked," and until this spirit has been thoroughly eradicated and oar church people, as a whole, come out on the side of temperance and every other human reform, but very little of the good accomplished can lie placed to the credit of their account. "Local option" is the route we must travel lo reach prohibition aud enable a generation hence to stand up as ou mail, total ab stinence poo pie, both from habit and inclination; but so long as our tole vot ing stock in trade consists of a gener ation of tlpplors and rum sellers, local option will fall very far short of giving us prohibitory laws. Hence, every nerve should be straiued to have this one thing essential submitted to an en franchised nation. Xow, if our temper ance reform leaders and nor deacons and divines desire to be considered as acting without mental reservation In this mat ter, let them head a petition for local option to be presented for the consider ation and ballots of good men ami women: let them also exhibit church records from which the names of every member who directly or Indltectly de rives a prorlt from the rum traffic shull have been expunged, no matter If the guilty pirtles have endeavored to oil set their net Ions by "a donation of Chin cony bark" for tbe cure of their victims. Mere "pledge-taking" Is romemlatory Indeed, but is food only for babes and sucklincs. Strongmen require stronger food, and if our leaders and teachers are content with "such weak diet," they can scarcely be surprised If their followers go into a decline. Tbe Almighty never does anything by halves, ami It Is folly to Imagine that he wilt countenance a movement undertaken under similar conditions. If the reverend gentlemen who are so willing to couflde the safety of our young men In the bands of our young women will come out squarely in their several pulpit and lecture stands for radical temperance reform aud universal suffrage, our girls will be better fitted to assume tbe responsibil ity iu question. Yoors fraternally, Portland, April S, 1879. II. C. V.'. A dispatch from Xew York uiftlsr date of April 5th says: "The businets prospects of the country tout l una good, as will be seen from the following de tails, complied from various sources: Amcsbury, Mass., is tilling large car riage orders for California. Nearly all the Pittsburg g la furnaces are again in operation. The iron works at Syracuse report good orders and a better prospect for fair prices. The first shipment of canned meats aud vegetables from this country to India, was made a few days ago. Birmingham, England, is import ing hay-forks, clocks, apple-parera and clothes pins, from Philadelphia. Differ ent manufacturing interests in this city give evidence of a marked improvement in trade. For tbe flmt lime in her his tory, ! la I Urn ore shipped a cargo of live hogs, five hundred, to England on Sat urday. To Canadian lumbermen the pest winter lias been one of the most favorable on record forgetting out tim ber and saw-logs. In Troy, New York, tbe business outlook is exceedingly bright. All the mills are running on full time, and every branoh of industry is picking up. The Laekawanua Irou aud Coal Company have doubled their steel mill force at Scrantnu, Pennsyl vania, to meet the increased demand lor that article." WE KDSTDE0LINE. The committee or the Odd Fellows' library at Albauy very politely Invite us to contribute the Xew Northwest to that institution for one year. We give many copied of tills journal away each year, but we prefer to extern! char ity lu this directrou to women who thirst for knowledge and cannot pay for it, rather than to men who are not ouly able to pay fori; but who will place the paper givou whore women have not ac cess to It. We rfid give the Nkw Northwest to an Odd Fellows' li brary not a thousand miles from here, for awhile, ami found that such of the members of that order as had "allowed" their wives to take aud pay for It pre viously, stopped tbe paper from their homes, because they read It at the li brary rooms. Under these circum stances, and because we are unaltera bly opposed to one-sex ed Institutions from principle, we must decline to re peat the experiment. Mies Julia E. Smith, the last uf the famous Smitli sisters, whose resistance to taxation, followed by the sale. of their Aldorney cows, has attmeled the wide spread attention of the people-to an op pressive system, is in ex eel lent health, aud bids fair to round up tbe century. A PEEAOHEE, TEAOHEE AND POLI TICIAN SPEAKS. The following letter, which was mis laid by accident, was forwarded to this office by Mrs. A. M. Maitln: Cor. Sec. O. S. HI S. A . Your canl of invitation to nttoud aud partici pate In the deliberations of the O. S. W. S. A., 11th Inst., duly received. I thank you for tho courtesy, and I appre ciate very highly the honor. I greatly regret that my engagements are such that I will nut lie able to enjoy the pleasure it would give me to meetyour orgauizatiou iu council. Wlille I have not been a noitjf advo cateof woman's rights aud Woman Suf frage, I have beeu for many yeats work ing practically to these ends. The first, highest and most important right which I have been claiming for women is that of an oducatinn In all respects eqiral to that of men'. So far as my lulluetioe extends as an educator, this right is pretty generally recognized, and lu Christian College we are putting our theory into practice with results most tatiifacotry. The ballot can never do harm In the hands of au educated woman. Whenever, therefore, a majority of the educated women or these United States shall ex press their desire to have the elective franchise, I shall be most happy to ex ert any inlluencc I may have to secure it for them. The deliberations, coun cils and labors of your State organiza tion, co-operating with those of other States, are educating women up to a fuller and higher appreciation of their rights and duties as members of society. Whether they will, with their advance ment in knowledge, think it prudent ami wise to accept the ballot and iwume the responsibility connected therewith, Is a matter upon which, with the data before me, Icaunot decide. In my work as an educator, I will prejiare those sub mitted to my care far the responsible duty of casting a ballot, while your work iu tho O.S. W. S. A. will be to make the women willing to vote, and as soon as you can -report a clear majority Iu favor of tills distinction, I will most cheerfully and earnestly labor for their enfranchisement. Hoping that your deliberations may ho harmonious and fruitful of happy results, I have the honor to le, with high respect, T. F. Campbell. Monmouth, Oregon, Februarys, 1S79. LETTEE PEOM YAQUINA. To mc Eiirroa or tub Mew North wiot: I have often thought of writing a Hue for your paper expressing at least my sympathy In your efforts to elevate and improve theconditlon of women. I well remember how unpopular the cause was when you first launched your Journal In the Interest of women. How slurs, ridicule, and Innuendo were hurled at your paper by members of almost every trade and profession. Xow, these same parties give their sympathy and support to this great work of removing the iron-clad customs that have op- Ipreesed womaii for mi many ages, and which will ultimately result In her en lire freedom. A man has no more rigiit to say what a woman's sphere shall be than a woman has to say what a man's shall be. Iu choosing a trade or pro fession, a woman lias as much right to her choice as a man has to ills. I u look ing over the history of the world, we find that tbe condition of women has been a true test of advancement and civilization. Where women have beeu bought and sold as slaves, tbe condition of the people has been the most wretched and deplorable. Thus we trace alone down tbroiieb till. arm. as women an, improved humauity Is elevated. And now the women of America stand at the head, as the moat free ami intelligent of all nations. Then why not give to women the ballot, so she can use her, lunueoce ami talent, in reforming and correcting the ahutes of out govern ment? Dependence ami subordination will take the courage of auy human being. In the race of life let woman have an equal show with man and she will ac complish as much, and often more than he. Go on lu the good work, and may tbe good seed that is being sown among the people bring forth a ricli harvest iu the interest or humanity, Is the prayer or your humble correspondent, Zexo Yaqulno Bay. March 26, 1879. For the ist forty years Madam Anna Bishop, the English cnntatrlce, has been before the public on the lyric Stage. She lias been three times around the world, and has sung before more people than any other artist living. OuUIde of the Interior of China, there Is scarcely a town of importance in the civilized world where she has not been. Her professional career has caused more money to change hands than ever was yielded from the gold mines of Cal ifornia. When It Is remembered that she appeared In the Royal Italian Opera-houfc, London, In 1S39, one won ders at the remarkable vocal power of which she is still possessed. A relation or her adventures would establish the trutli or the saying, "Truth Is stranger than fiction." Mm. Senator Bruce, wife of the col ored Senator from Mississippi, appears to be the subject of much solicitous at tention on the part of the Washington coriespoudents. Her complexion, her laces, her silks, and her education are themes of which they never tire. The Oregon City EnlcrprUe speaks ol a Chinese opium den in that city that is frequeuted by young men of the best families, and gives warning that the names of those fouml there hereafter will be published, irrespective of family or friendship. The best explanation we have eeen for the popularity of pedeetrianlsm, is that It arises from the fad that It is an art that requires no braius to carry It to perfection, either in the. walker or spcc: tutors. History of the Hone Protection Petition. The home protection petition was or dered at tbe annual tneetlugof the Illi nois Woman's Christian Tsm Union at Monmouth, October 10, 1S7S It was drulted by Miss Willard (willi the exception or the legal portion, which was furnished by Laviyer W. P. Black, pr Chicago), aud was accepted Decem ber o, by the executive committee of the State Uulon. The first meetiug at which it was presented was held by Miss Willard at Geneeo, December V' but the petition was not in the haftds of the public until after the holidays. LM than one thousand mimes were ob tained before January 1, and all peti tions were culled in March 1; so that the entire work of securing the one hundred and ten thousand names covers a space of about nine weeks. That a response so general should have been made within u time so brief shows not only great energy on ihe part of tem perance women, Christian ministers and reformed men (for tbeie three clashes have mainly doue the canvass ing,) but show alto the strength of sentiment In favor of woman's teiner a nee ballot In Illinois. The canvass was In Chicago largely confined to pub lic meetings. In Peoria. Ilockford and several of the lanje towns it was from ' house to hou-e, while iu smaller towns ! (ai Strealor) and in many villages (uolably Dele van) it was most thor oughly done. Iu Carthage, mainly through the efforts of nue woman, tbe ' names of 1,037 persons of legal age were 1 oiMBiueii out oi a population ot 2,500. This is ouly a fair sample of wbat equal fiilllifulnem would have achieved in most towus of tbe State. The educa tional eflect of such aeaiivRsscan hardlv be over estimated. It clarifies individual opinion an I solidifies public sentiment. It compels a vast amount of thought ami discussion, and leads to "taking sides," thus translating great numbers out of indifference into that arrest of opinion kuowu as decision. Tbe sigtiattires to the petition are pated on strong white muslin, eighteen inches wide, bound on the right with red and on the left with blue ribbon, iu compliment to the two wings of the reform movement iu the State; the color of the petition itself svmbol izes the woman's movement, and tbe three indicating the national colors, which are being so rapidly allied to the total abstinence cause. The length of the petition is aiiout 630 feet, and it has an average of four signatures to each Hue. If there were but one signature on each line, the length would be 2.800 feet (or about S89 yards). There are lift)' tliomand names of Illinois voters on the list, which represent over 460 towns and every Comrres-innal District In the Stale. Hie weight or the peti tion Is fifty-six pounds. It was pre sented to the legislature March 6th by seventeen ladies representing all Darts of the Sttte. The following are their names: iliss irancls willard, presi dent of the W. C. T. L, Illinois; Mrs. T. 11. Carse, president or Chicago W. C. T. U ; Mrs. L A. Hagan. Mra. Willis A. Barnes, Mrs. C. II. Case, ail of Chi cago; Mm. Prof. Fry, of Ilioomington: Mrs. C. II. St. John, of Eureka; Mrs. M. II. Villars, of Pans; Miss Mary A. west, of Ualeouurg; Mrs. E. W. Kirk Patrick, of Monmouth; Mrs. II. A. Calkins aud Mrs. E. Hiheu, of Peoria; Mrs. M. L. Weils and Mix. It. Beach. of Spriugfield. Mrs. J. II Foster, or iiiuion, town, tne girted laity lawyer, was present by invitation, aud presented the legal apeclsnr the case. Miss Anua Gordon (Miss Willard's private secre tary) had entire supervision or sending out the petition, and nutting it together. quite a Herculean task. Prominent business men of Chicago, chief or whom was It. J. Fowler, Eq., furnished the fund for postage, printing ami amanu enses. On the evening previous to the formal presentation or tbe petition, a raa meetiug was held iu the hall of the House of Kepreneutali ves, at wbich time the entire hall was festooned in graceful folds with Ibe petition. The lorniat presentation was made to the House ou behalf of the ladies, by a Dem ocrat, Judge Hinds, of Freeport, in an able speech, ami three of thelad.es. Miss Willard, Mrs. Foiter and Mrs. 3;. John, addressed tbe Houe at its regular ses sion by invitation, upon the motion of Hoti S. Hopkins, a Kpublican, this being the first time tbe honor has ever been eij.tyeti by lauies. A'lout April 2d, the ladies will r-t:ru with fifty ! thousand new n es ami liferent them senate, mis is tioue iy sxlvice of prominent nieiubrM of tin- fegtsla tore. Springficic' State Jo.i.-nul. The Bone and 8inew of the South, Speaklug of ihe negro exodus from Louisiana, tbe X Y .rk Tribune says Plainly it Is no ordinarv di-niNnt tliut has caused throngs 'of people to leave tbe frceues dear to th ui fiom old associations and seek new homes in dis tant State. They have evidently gnwii weary or wailing for "the year of jubi lee," for which they havtajicavt-d so fer vently in their little Tilde el.ureli in the woo.li. ine "good tlrmT30inliig" seems, alas, as far otr as ever. "Hiey wanted to be treated, like While folk. Ataa-uVr their hoitesl Th flV: has no i,!cefor mem. White men, equipped with su perior brains and euergv, aud aceus tomed to tlie rigor of the " Northern W mate, have a ban! time in making- a smri in a new country like Kansas, un let they have capital to begin with. Probably the most emigrants will bit terly regret tbe hasty step they have taken. It may be, however, that good will come out of the movement, if uot to the poor wanderers themselves. Planters who have lost hands that were their sole dependence for making a crop for there is no surplus labor iu the Mississippi valley will realise that it Is for their interest to make the blacks contented, and may create a public sen timent that will demand better treat ment for the bone ami eluew of the South. Dean Stanley lectured recently in Lorn! n on "Milton." He said tbat Milton's two works, "Paradise Lost" ami "Paradise Regained," covered the whole of Eng'iih theology from top to bottom. It was very surprising, lie said, when one analyzed his own thoughts about the creation, the fall of the angels, aud the entrauee of sin and death Into tbe world, bow very much of his thought, actions and words on tiiese subjects were drawn, not from the Bible, but from Milton. The wife of S'tltlcius Garfield, es-rep-reeenlative hi Coneres nf Wsshinvton Territory, sues for a divnr.-e on the' ground oi desertion, au-t iU tl,e eus tody of her u.iuor cl.uureu. If justice prevails, the prayer will be granted. There is uo detail or the work or news papers that woman has not successfully managed type-setting, advertising, press-work, selection or materials, proor-readlijg the whole range of mc ctmnteal and intellectual work. The first Chinaman who came toj America,.according to theSan Francisco j CIironMe, waa Chum Ming, In 1847. V EEOEHTEVEHTS. Brosseu's oomet has been sighted with a powerful telescope. Prospeets are favorable for an abund ant harvest In Kansas. Madam Bonaparte, the American wife of Jerome, 1Ih! in Baltimore on the 4th Inst. Subscriptions to the four per cent, loan, nn the 4th lnt., amounted to $6, 502,730. Cblef-Jtiitice Carter ba denied a motion for a new trial in tlie Ollver Cameroii suit. James Gordon Itennelt awl a large party of tourists will visit Yosemitethe coming hummer. A fire occurred at Philadelphia on the 6th int,oti Croivn nih! Rare streets, resulting in a loss ol $750,000. Tlie Pope declines lo accept the resig nation of Archbishop Putcell on ac count of his long service to the church. The Cheyenne are again n the war path. They lnje broken away from camp and gone toward Western Kan sas. President Hayes will not visit the Pa cific Coast this summer, as was antici pated. He will pass the greater portion of it in Washington. A straggling band of Indians are raid ing Yellowstone Valley, running ofl stock and murdering ranchmen. Troops from Fort Custer have beeu sent in pur suit. A bill, appropriating $350,000 for the relief of the widows and orphans of those killed lu the Pittsburg riots in 1S77, is pending in the Pennsylvania legisla ture. The army appropriation bill tiassed tlie House; yeas, one hundred and forty eight; nays, one hundred and twenty two. The greenback vote was ten yeas and two nays. A call has been issued by niany colored clergymen, teachers, and social direct ors or colored people, for a convention to meet in New Orleans April 17th, to consider the condition of their race in Louisiana. Tlie problem of Chinese Immigration will not be solved until the return of tbe American minister rrora China. Nego tiatlons for the modification of the treaty must be carried on through our minister with the government at Pekin Senator Grover lias ' re-introduced Mitchell's bill of last session, confirm ing tbe authority granted by the Ore gnu legislature to the Portland Bridge Company, to construct aud maintain a bridge across tbe Willamette between Portland and Eat Portland. Senator Slater, ou the 8th iust., in troduced a bill for the transfer of the Indian bureau to the war department. The bill provides that the Secretary of War shall have the same power and jurisdiction over Indian alluire as is now possessed by the Secretary of tlie Interior. Offices of special commis sions, superintendents, boards of ludian commissioners, aud inspectors of Indian affairs are to be abolished after July 1, 1SS0. Among other things, it is pro vided by thli bill that all religious de nominations shall enjoy the free and equal right to erect aud maintain church school buildings on any ami all Indian reservations, and shall not lie molested in their religious or philanthropic efforts to advance tbe Indian in moral, relig ious and literary culture. F0REI6N NEWS. Garibaldi has arrive:! In Rome. Rinderpest increases hi Bohemia. A terrible fever Is raging in Morocco. King Humbert lias pid General' Gar abaldi a visit. Tbe Pope has contributed 11.000 In tbe Catholic school food. Spain experienced a slight i4oek of earthquake on tlie 4th. Thirty thousand Durham Iron miners are on a strike lu England. Tbe Pope has sent an autograph let ter to Queen Victoria, welcoming ber to Italy. A British suDtdv train in Sooth Africa was recently cap'ured hy the Zulus. Tte' surprise ami slaughter was complete. The English commission seiisyto.," per Jgypt to investigate the, fum reports several thousand dealbsfrom. starvation. Tbe 38th race between tbe Cambridge and Oxford University crews ok.rtIac at noon on tbe 5th, resulting in a vjclory, for the former. ; West African newspapers confirm thci report tbat two French gunboats .boil landed a company of soldiers on tlie Britiali Island of Matnenng. The BriU Isli sut nor itiee at Sierra Leon have sent a gunboat with a protest to the French officer ee ndneting the occupation. The French claim that tlie island was ceded to tbem in 1S78. The Britisli claim pos session since 1326. Egyptian officers sent lo break op slave depots at Bibr, Elgaaal and Kor doUn, report an engagement with Sulei uisn, chief slave trader aud owner of twenty-five depots, in which were found women al ine waiting Importation iuto Egypt to the nu:n!r of 10,00(1. The Egyptian forces numbered 3,000, part armed with improved rifies, and were entrenched. Suleiman Willi 7,000 Arabs made several assaults, hut they were completely defeat' d 3'id fled in dis -riler leaving 1& dead. CertnlH i'sw Tor CHHecr. Mr,. lr. Mary O. IJ.otrn takes this method or saving to tbe afflicted that she Is In possession of a Mire, certain, and painless core for that most loathsome and terrible disease known as C'ANcnt, in all its forms and phases. Her remedy is never known to fall. Address Mrs. Dr. Mary O. Brown, Oljrmpla, W. T. T- "My dear little Tommy looks so pale, and It seems as though that nasty sore on his mouth will never go away. Now, jnst look at that liule Walter of Mrs. Drown1; the Mule child Is the very picture of health." Walter Is a good Utile boy and takes his dose of Oregon Itlood Purifier, and his papa gives him ten cents a week for doing It. HEWJM0T1MS. stats and TamarroBiAi Wheat is worth 82 cents at Buena Vista. The academy at Drain taavs been In corporated. The total ralnrall at uiympia irarmg Mareh was 14.41. Tlie wheat acreage in Polk county is renter tliad ever before. The mining season in Josephine cotiniy is a prosperous one. Three ocean sleamers ply regoianj between Con B.y and Sail Francisco. A lieef was recently slaughtered at BufeerCily that netted 1,108 pounds good meat. One hundred and five ton of potatoes w ere shipped from Seattle lo San Fran cisco last week. John Itankin. a man 76 years of age. hat Iwen arrested In Salem for selling whisky to the Indians. the Bine Ribbon Club in Corvallis Is in h lion rNb lug condition, ami holds regular und Interesting meetings. A portion of the apparatus recently purchased for the Stale University at Eugene, has arrived iu good condition. Considerable lo has been sustained bv focKers on tlie tributaries of the Sound on account of the recent freshet. There considerable snow in tbe Siskiyou Mountains, so tbat streams in Southern Oregon will be full for some time. Tbe waters in the streams iu Jose phine county have been higher during the past two weeks thau for twelve years previously. A narsnli) was dug in a Baker City earden last week tbat measnred twenty- six and one-balf inches in length, aud fifteen inches in circumference. . Col. C. II. Lara bee. a member of the late Constitutional Convention at Walla Walla, was recently married in tbe east to Miss Lillian Turner, formerly of Se attle. Judge MeArthur held an extra session of the circuit court at The Dalles last week. The business transacted was principally in connection with the Leonard estate. There are yet those who have great faith iu the silver springs of Wasco eon nty. Professor Hurley is one of these, and is confident tbat he has struck something rich. We George, charged with horning tbe M. E. Church boilding at Webfoot, in Yamhill county, hul summer, lias been convicted, and sentenced to five years In tbe penitentiary. Tbe high water preveuted the wooleu mills at Oregon City from running to their full capacity for some days. In consequence of this, work in the finish ing department is niueh behind. Tbe district teachers' institute held at Albany lat week, was largely attended. Professor Powell, State Superintendent, presided. He is showing an untiring and truly commendable zeal in tbe cause of education in the State. The mines on tbe Skagit River, one of tbe eastern tributaries of Puget Sound, have been pretty thoroughly prospected during tbe past few months, and the opinion is expressed that they will turn out handsomely, and most likely prove a second Fraser River El dorado of mineral wealthy The Only Way. The only way to core catarrh Is by the use of a cleansing and healing lotion, applied to tbe inflamed and diseased membrane. Snaflsand tnmigators, while affording temporary relief. Irritate the affected parts and excite a more ex tended Inflammation. Besides, no outward applications alone can core catarrh. The dis ease originates In a vitiated state of the blood, and a thorough alterative course of treatment Is necessary to remove it from the system. Dr Sage's Catarrh Remedy baa long been known as an efficient standard remedy for this disease, but, to insure a permanent and radical enre, u should be used In conjunction with Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, the best vegetable alterative yet discovered. The Dis covery cleanses tbe vitiated blood, while the Catarrh Remedy allays the Inflammation and heals the diseased parts. "Buy Me nuil IMt no You Csud." Reader, In almost every well-regulated drug or patent medicine store in Xew York City or county, yon will see upon the show-case, or In some other prominent post lion, that popular remedy known as Ham Hootv or Hokb boi xd ANDTxaVa certain enre for all coughs, colds, Influents, difficult breathing, and all affections of the throat, bronchial tubes, and lanes leading to consumption, and seeming almost to speak to yon the above plain but easily to be understood words: "Buy me and I'll do you good." Try It and be convinced. Sold by all drugglsta and at Crit enton's, 7 Slxtn Avenue, New York City, at 59 cents and $1. Oreat saving by buying large aiaa. IIhm for IteHieless Women. Cnder the auspices of tbe Band ot Helpers. -Location Columbia street, between Finh and 4ivth Hr. Y'iotll m t Wk. .1 . .- - . "n. a c uutiin in ..ism, iuwiuu. toe uuors ol I lie Home suind open to all homeless women a v. ' ..'.,.1. l.nill Mill, WU1 Will le ,ijgipiaaeil -at'cost to those who have means, U fVVptiMgJMfc talMe have not. Temporary sk. WA)r Usjglrafajhed at tbe Home, and per- rufe?nrV4 seWtltg Jont "t, who are in need of Mpisisii iiiiisi nsawo'i ot "y 1 01 neip, are iLytsAf aneotOgHta Mom, and thus aid t b ix X"trmrWrtBas'0sn remains an nndis- SfcSlSS'-' Wilson Se Ing Ma- VBajrMrf.f.nin .... . j T ana most W..ttle Mhlne. while the Xew Wilaon toot . . .... ..,., ,r (r bei family sewlne machine and !or doing the greatest variety of work. John B. Garrison aitent for the Xew Wilson Sewing Machine Company, Id Front street. o A CARD. To all who are suflbtiasr Ann k . Indiitcretlonsof youth, nervous weabr,... ,.. decay, loss of manhood, etc., I will ".. reelne that will enre nui ntrr ,1.- . ... . ,.uuu v,nAiu.K. This great remedy was discovered by a mis sionary in Moutn America. Bend a self-nd-dre-sed envelope to the Rev. Joseph T. Inrann, Station P, Bible House, Xew York City. 8-J) "Ma 'n ma. it looks nesrlhrent iaiw i,.., children In the spring of the year with their races all broken ont in fllthy sores. Tell hus band to bring home a bottle of Plunder's Ore gon Blood Purl fir r and give the little pet a dose everv mnrnin& stut von will n 1 . happy, healthy, blooming cheeks the envy of an in- ncign ooruooa. Ketoove.1. J. Van Reiirden. the Jeweler, tins wiiuwmI tn t. W. Prentice & Co.'s Music Store, where he will be pleased to show the nnnli hi. it' if of Imported and American Watehn.. lilnmonils, and Jewelry: also. Plated Wre and Clock. Repairing a specialty. and prices to sat'iiry. 8-25 av Tli" Xanonal Gold Mt-dui ....i.. to Bradley ft Ru I of son for tbe best Photoeranh. la the United States, and the Vienna Medal or the best in the world. i i,nin-..ra street, San Francisco. SPECIAL XOTICK. All business letter pertaining to the Xaw Northwest, and all money due tbia office on subscri pt Ions or otherwise, ni ust be directed to MRS. A. J. DCXIWAY.