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THURSDAY JUNE 19, IS79. srnciAi. NOTICE. We will send out, during the preMnt mnnlh, bills to delinquent In every qoar u,r foe chaojre of Arm necessitates an Im mediate settlement ol the same. All busl-m-m letters pertaining to the New Nortu wfst, and all money doe tbtsoMtee on sub wri 'ion or otherwise, most be directed to DTJtlWAY PCBM8H inn COMfANY. THE OIT YELEOTIOH. The result of the city election last Monday was a complete surprise. Port land was regarded as solidly Republi can ; yet the Democrats elected five of eight candidates for the dlflerent post tions. The Republicans charge the Democrats with corruption. The latter return the compliment by asserting that the former have never carried the city without the lavish use of coin, and that the result on last Monday was achieved because the Republicans were confident of success, and, in conse quence, did not do tbo "effective work" Hon. D. 1. Thompson, Mayor-oleotr-ft is a gentleman of sound business juag nieut and praotieal executive auilj,j and will do Portland credit. His sinalO majority Is attributed to the opposition of the Portland Water Company, whose enmity he Incurred by introducing into the last Legislature a bill authorizing the building of water works by the city of Portland. With plenty of money at their command, the company could "loan" a live-dollar piece to every un scrupulous voter, and slip a Democratic ticket into his hand. The head of this ticket Is the reputed attorney of the company, which could expect no favor from Mr. Thompson, who is known to be opposed to their exorbitant charges for water. To prove Mx. Thompson's intelligence, it is only necessary to state that he is a believer In woman's right to the ballot. Mr, E. Corbett, the Police Coniniis Blotter, is a Democrat. That is all we know about him. Joseph Bacbman, the present incum bent, was re-elected Treasurer. He is a Democrat, and, we believe, looks with favor on the advancement of women, Mr. W. J. Kelly, Assessor, is a Dem ocrat and a Catholic. Being the latter, we fear he thinks bis wife would have no right to estimate property values. Rlebard Gerdes, Councilman from the First Ward, is a saloon-keeper and a Democrat. Doubtless if Mr. Mar shall, instead of being a Christian gen tleman and having earned his compe tency on a farm In Clackamas county, had amassed his property by ruining the sons and brothers and husbands and fathers of women, he could bavo gone to the Council by a generous use of free beer. Dr. Nlcklln, Councilman from the Second Ward, is a Republican and as good a selection as could have been made. He is a moral, intelligent gen tleman, and is a Woman Suffragist. J. S. Keller, Councilman from the Third Ward for the long term, is a Dem ocrat, and J. F. Watson, for the short term, Is a Republican. The Council Is In the bands of the Republicans, there being but three Democratic members. The election is regarded as quite a victory for the Democracy, and the Standard brings out a rooster which looks as though the frost bad nipped its comb and toes while that paper was struggling to live through the Winter. ONE AOT OF JDSTI0E. The dallies of Monday mentioned the attempted suicide, at the house of a no torious public woman, of a girl "whose reputation is far from being cloudless." "We have not been able to find anything in any of them concerning the suicide of a former member of a prominent business-bouse, who, accordiug to common report, killed himself In consequence of dissipation commenced while associat ing with the mistress of tbo house men tioned. We do not know why the fact -was suppressed about bim, and tbe -women's names given to the world, -when lie must have been as protllgate as they, unless because of the position and Influence of ills relatives and frieuds. Mayhap the deceived, degraded women iiave no friends who will be (mined to tee in print the story of the shame and misdeeds of tbe fallen girls no, tbat cannot be, for we are loformed by these "independent" journals that the would be suicide's people are "very respecta ble." It Is more likely that, being de graded women, they were possessed of no means of keeping the facts out of tbe papers ; had no influential friends to visit the newspapor offices and, either by personal friendship with tho editors nr hv the use of coin, keep from tbe knowledge of tho world tbe suicide. We do not object to keeping the foot of a person's suicide from the public ; we rather approve of It, for people, con stantly seeing the record of self-destruction, are accustomed to rogard it with less and less horror, until It appears an easy method of escape from burdensome trials and annoyances. But we do ob ject to the publication of the suicidal at tempts or women, either good or bad, while their male associates are screened from the public in the commission of the same crime. The Sunday Welcome mentioned tbe suicide tbe other papers suppressed, and commented severely on the action or the daily papers. We thank that paper for this one little act of justice to women. It appears as though Portland will have nothing to say in the selection of the harbor of refuge, nor Oregon, for tbat matter. Jhe captains of the little coasting schooners that ply along the upper portion of California will deter mine the location, probably Trinidad, as tbey cannot afford the loss of a few tons of potatoes when nothing but human lives and valuable property are at stake off the Oregon coast. THE OHAUQE INJEIGHT YEAES. The meeting at Good Templars' Hall last Friday evening In commemoration of the services of the late William Lloyd Garrison in the cause of human free dom was the occasion of bringing out liberal expressions from every one who addressed the meetinir. Mrs. Dr. Thomnson. ATngsrs. Geo. 1. Rilov. Isaac nt..m n t -v..,.. -...I 17 v. iTinkn l nM. m',l hnrt .nopfth. Not one of them allowed the opportunity to pass to pronouuee In favor of the political ,,,lit r nman before the law. B. 1 -J w. ... I L.Norden,ourpresentSueriu, majetne uu luereuy Knu uuutuuim, ciu,mu clalm that be was one of the very first meut to the masses who are dependent who nronosed aud carried on the fight in California for the admission of col- ored children to the public schools, and several gentlemen testified to the truth of the assertion. He is none the less a believer In human freedom to-day, and ls as earnestly In favor of according the richt of suffrage to women. Mr. Blum's remarks occasioned some sur-lan prise, for the Jews are generally consid- ered as opposed to any advancement in the condition of women. We wish to Say right hero that we know of no class or people In whish a larger percentage fere In favor of according women equal Lrlebts with men in all things. That the Jews keep to themselves and do not al low their daughters to associate Willi Christians, Is true; but that, iu other respects, they are less liberal, we deny. We can readily name a score of repre- eentatlve Hebrews in this city who con- aider their mothers, wives and daughters ennallv na IntMlliront as themselves, and as well Qualified to fulfill all the duties of citizenship. This once persecuted people fullv appreciate the enjoyment of civil, political and secular liberty. Mr. Geo. P. Riley, the colored orator, delivered an address of unusual bril liance. and championed the cause of Woman Suffrage. His race have full knowledge of the practical beuefits con- ferred by the suffrage, and are honest enouph to aoknowledce the value of no- litical nowor. It were strange indeed should this people oppose a measure of such plain JubIIcc Each of the other speakers was as outspoken In belief in the absolute right of Woman Suffrage, Ex-Senator Mitchell and Mrs. Abigail Scott Dunlway were unable to attend the meeting. Below will be found Mr. Mitchell's letter In reply to tbo Invlta tion to be present and participate in the ceremonies : ltoRTLASD, Or., June 12, 17. Mr. President and Gentlemen: I ex eeedtnely regret that a previous encasement to address the graduating daw at 'Willamette University prevent me Irom being present at your meeting In honor of the memory of that great friend of liberty and human right, the late William Lloyd Garrison. Perhaps no name In American liltory stands oat In bolder characters as an exponent of human freedom and equality of human right than does his Unlike many other whose names and fame f became eonspteuous upon these great ques tions though come sudden turn In the wheel of fortune, or by reason of some extraordinary occasion, the monument which be reared to himself ao-ttie bold defender oi the Inalienable rights of man, and which shall perpetuate his memory through the coming ages, wa the work oi a lifetime. Prom the days of his boy hood, when his fragile k Bees trembled under the weight of the lap-stone of the shoemaker, until the day of his death, his life was devoted to the cause of human liberty. The world renowned struggle of the Greeks for freedom was the source whence sprang the Inspiration that Impelled him forward to deed of manly dating In behalfof the down-trodden people of ute colored race; and a an able, conscientious advocate of emancipation he had no superior. and but few If any equals. And In support thi assertion hi. record a. exemplified In hls many publications is Incontrovertible. Of these may be mentioned his "Free Press," pub- llebed In 18M; the ".National inuaninropisi," in lkf. which, by the way, was tbe first Journal KuJtetheeauseof total the -Journal of the Times." pub- lished at Bennington, Vermont, In 1SJ8, de- voted to "Peace, Temperance, anit hiavery, and other Reform;" the-ueniusoiLniveiwtii 182 and'SO.andlnwhlch-ln a slave-holding city he boldly uenounoeu tneiaxingoi argo ol slaves lrom Baltimore to Louisiana asan act to "cover thick with infamy" thoe engaged In it, and for which he was convicted of libel. fined SS9, and In default of payment Impris oned In a murderer's cell forty-nine days; the "Ulieralor," the first number of whleli was mihiished In Boston January 1st. mi, tne motto ol which was, "My country Is the world, ,nr countrymen are all mankind," In which be declared. In treating upon the subject ol emancipation: "I am In earnest. I will not equivocate; I will not excuse; Iwlllnot retreat single Inch, and I win be nearu." ror nis course In the columns of the "Uberator," he was hnnled down by the slavery propagandist of the country. North and South. Hie Mayor of Uotton, Harrison Gray Otis, on being ap pealed to by a Southern magistrate to suppress it rent led. "I have ferreted out tne paper anu H editor, whose office is an obscure hole, bis onlrvunbte auxiliary a negro boy, his sup porters very lew inslgnlfleaJit rrMns of all -- it- ikiMiMuri villi AssasAlna- l nu ibiiature of Georgia offered a reward oft for bis arrest, trial and convlc- I ton. Xosfcrnf -taanieci, he in the spring oi IIK. hi conjunction with others, organized tbe XewBoelnnd Anil-Slavery Society, and went so Eaurioad as lu agent. Ills persecution In the years thai followed, lili lectures, his refusal to take a seat la the "World's Anti-Slavery Convention," bM In London In 1SN, because the lady delegates from the United State were excluded, and bis labors In the cause of uni versal liberty, all na tiring, render It exceed ingly appropriate tbat tlie colored race espe cially, and the friends of liberty of every race and color In this and all lands, should do honor to his memory; and In that regard, I, with yon now, In this manner, most cordially Join with this wont of tribute. Very respectfully. JoUN II. MlTCHEM. Appropriate resolutions were adopted In commendation of his life and Invalu- 7, , "!. . r. v n ,Mllnn aoio services. interesting sketch of the great agitator. iuls meeting is out oue oi iuc umuj ... ' ,i,f ih. feline against Woman Suffrage Is giving away before the light of reason. Eight years ago, when tbo New Northwest was started, the same gentlemen who pro- nounced in IU favor on last Friday evening would not have dared to so ex press themselves, even had they then held that belief. It would have been oi tuem. We hone and hMl ihr part of this change in public sentlmpnt. has been due to the earnpstnaa. on,i tr,. Ilancewltb which this journal has ad- vocated woman's right to the suffrage, and shall take new courage for tho pros- ecuiiou oi me worK. THE FINANCIAL OUTLOOK. On every band the cry of hard times has become not only a household word, but a street-meeting exolamation. There is very llttlo money iu circula tion, aud the farmers, upon whose pros perity rests tbo whole superstructure of human Interests, are anticipating light crops and lighter prices. In this cmer ccticv It- necomes necessary ior me poorer classes to enforce the roost rigid economy. But, unhoppily for the good oi tue worKiug classes, w.ose ..o ur well able to Increaso theirexpeuditures, , ., .... .t 111 I upon tnetruaiiy wages ior uatiy ureau, are among the very first to Bcrirap and oko and economize. Women who have hitherto been accustomed to patronizing tue launury woman, milliner or dress maker quite liberally, and whose clr- cumstances would justify an increase iu household service, become afllicted with imaginary phase of the hard-times mania, and are for the first time iu years tueir own servants, inetr econ omy forthwith becomes the fashion Husbands encourago It, uewspapers iauu puipus applaud it. auu wealthy men, catching the contagion of retrenchment, resolve to dismiss clerks, bookkcepers and errand boys, thereby throwing out of employment a vast number of the consuming classes of both sexes. These persons, who have rents to pay, wood bills to meet, water rates to seme, ury goous anu grocery supplies to sustain, become, of course, unable to pay llieir bills, me mer- chants or contractors, growing still further alarmed, turn another screw of retrencumeui uere anu mere, auu only succeed in Increasing the evils they would avoid The remedy for hard times must be gin first with the farmers. Let them avoid all sorts of obligations with the merchants as far as possible till their prouueo is iiarvesteu ana reauy ior mar- Ket- -exl ' rneoliaules, artisans and laoorers oi every description adopt a less expeuslvo style of drew and living, Let them get a few roods of ground on the co-operative plan, aud niauoge that me sums uituerio pain out in rents snail go toward paying for their little homes. Then, let the wealthier classes make times better, as they can well afford to do, by Increasing their force of hired help. Let now houses be erected, new fences bo built, new fields lie cleared, new farms be made. Let what money thero is Iu the country be kept in circu lation, rather than hoarded away in bankers' vaults, where, it oau do no good to anybody. Let all the small indus tries of the country be kept In active operation. Let every man and every woman, who Is able to do so, patronize tbe various industries of the worthy aud struggling poor. We never turn away a glazier, broom-veuder, boap-peddler, book-seller, or especially any resolute woman who offers any sort of wares for sale, without an inward pang ; for we well know that nobody will follow such au occupation from choice. It is a mis taken idea to turn a vender of any sort of staple merchaudlse from the door, and then bestow an alms upon the next applicant. Yet there are mauy well- meaning men and women who will re fuse to buy a broom or brush or dipper or dustpan from the person who has dil irently made it. and then timidly offers ,, , , , ..,.., tln, i1Mf!,, , l.-. 1 ' "tow a half dollar upon tho same appli- I cant if he should ask it as a charity Tho financial outlook under these con UlioQS u not pleasant. The process of ' Property consolidation Is going on so rapidly that In less than fifty years, if gome great revolution does not occur to prevent tie cortstaut accumulation of ,,,, ,.., -,,, ,,r domain of tho United States will be t owned in ice simple uy au aiistocratic folV l0 wl)om a lIle masses of tho peo ple will be compelled to pay tribute as serfs. It is true that America is exempt from tlie law of entailment of estates which has become such a curse to the masses iu England ; but she is not free from tbe fallacy of perpetually accumu lating compound interest. Kvensimple Interest Is a canker worm which gnaws continually at the vitals of every occu patiou that harbors it. What, then, shall wc say of compound Interest, which, like the boa constrictor, encircles Us victim with a death grip, aud, after keeping him iu more than mortal agony for a Bcason, closes tiie final act iu the great tragedy by swallowing his entire substance whole? The man who will . . f these hard times and release his debtor from "the fangs of interest Is a public and private benefactor, who deserves, and will doubtless get, a higher seat iu the great Hereafter thau any usurer uu der the sun. Mayor Newbury occupied the chair last evening for the last. time at tho meeting of the Common Council. He has been honest and capable, and has filled the office to the satisfaction of a great majority of eitizens. His remarks on retiring from the chair wero appro priate. The Council testified to his efficiency aud ability by the adoption of highly complimentary resolutions. The Oregon jus ly say. his name s worthily placed lu the list of honorable , . ,,,.,, ,i m r r..- - "" . " .... -,r -v i t adopted thanking Messrs. Noah Lam bert, V. xl. Aourus nuu Anus. oiccuj, the three retiring Councilmen, for er vices rendered during the past three years, The Worklngmen of San Francisco have nominated Rev. I. S. Kalloch, of the Metropolitan Baptist Church, for "tl,u"'"'' v"'" " Amnnf the officers elected by the GrandLodeoofGoodTemplaraotSalem we notice Mrs. C. A. Coburn, as Grand Secretary, wbo'wlll fill tho position I with credit. THE TEUTH TOLD IOR ONOB. Mr. Frauk Pixley, editor of the San Francisco Atgonaut, who visited Oregon a couple of weeks since, appears to have been well pleased with his visit, and has the fairness to candidly express his opinions of this section of the great Northwest, Ho says ho had "no Idea, until he saw It, that tbo Columbia was tho graudest and most picturesque of all the great rivers of tho world; that it had scenery upon its banks in compari son with which the Hudson and tbe Rhine sink into utter Insignificance : that It and its tributaries penetrate a land which for food producing capacity has no equal on all God's five broad continents. Oregon Is a wonderful State, and tried by what seems to us to be the true test of a land's real wealth and ultimate greatness viz., its power to produce food It has no superior iu the world." He describes Astoria as the "Venice of tbe north, built into the waters of tbe Columbia, standing upon piles wooden houses upon wooden sticks so constructed, for no other rea son that wo could observe, than that it is cheaper to drive plies and build upon them than to grade a somewhat hilly and uncomfortable background. Asto ria Is a city of patient hopes and great expectations ; located on the banks of tlie great river, It expectantly awaits tbe good time coming when it shall realize its geographical advantages aud reap the harvest of an expanding com merce." Ho writes as follows concern lug Portland: "It Is a city of twenty thousand inhabitants good Inhabit ants, that go to church, don't gamble in stocks, are a little slow and poky, but always sure and content with a steady, healthful, honest progress. Thero are more commercial buildings now Iu process of erection at Portland than at San Francisco." That ho appreciated the Willamette Valley, is evidenced by the following: "We visited Albany, eighty-four miles up the valley of the Willamette, by rail a rich and pro ductive valley of farms and orchards, forests, and partial clearings and uatu ral prairies; a valley from thirty to sixty miles wide, containing 6,000,000 of acres covered with groves, grasses, wood, aud copse, and every acre of which is fertile and productive. The Willamette Is navigable an hundred miles or more, except at Oregon City, where locks are provided around a waterfall a fall which gives power to make a great manufacturing city." In his closing paragraph, judgment is pronounced lu favor of Oregon and Washington, and against California, iu these words 'Oregon is a better State than Califor nia ; it has .1 better and more promising future. Unless tho city of San Fran Cisco looks to itself, there will spring up somewhere upon Puget Souud a great commercial emporium that shall chal lenge, with us the commercial suprem ncy of tue coast. Oregon will, In no listant time, outnumber us iu popula tion. Washington Territory is an em pire In aud of itself." Oregon has had few visitors from Cal ifornia with sufficient honesty to tell the truth. Mr. Pixley's article will un settle, the belief among Oregonians that It is natural forCnlifornians to He about this land of Webfoot. A HELP-MEET. Mrs. T. H. Brents, of Walla Walla, tbe able and amiable wife of Washing ton Territory's Congressional Represen tative, has recently been visitlug friends In Portland and Oregon City. Mrs. B. manages all of her husband's business during his abseuce, receives aud loans money, gets all of his public telegrams, auswers ofllelal letters, etc,, etc.. aud fulfills all of these duties In a manner so womanly and pleasing as to command the universal respect of gentlemen. Of course, a lady who Is capable of filling so important a position has sense enough to know that she wants the right of suf frage. We learn that she will spend the coming Winter In Washington. GOOD. The Oakland Tribune has the follow ing: Mr. A. MeCann, who refused to go to the Police Court this morntHg and testify against tier husband for hln beastly treatment of her, aner sue had made a complaint against him, was nnedtU a a defaulting witness. If all women who screen brutality and eucourago tyranny would be dealt with in this mauner, and iu default of payment be sent up for a number of days, it might teach them a salutary lesson. - At all events, we believe in giving women who are so fond of hug ging their chains plenty to do. i Although opposed to capital punish ment, we find a case that almost con verts us to tue idea. James liowian, a hack-driver of San Francisco, shot and killed his wife, Nellie, on the 17th, be cause she could not live with him on ac count of his brutality. The dying state ment of tho murdered wife was, "He came in like a brute and shot me." He said to the officer while ou the way to the prison : "She was my wife, and I bad a right to shoot her. I had ought to have shot her long ago." Really, hanging appears too good for the slave master. However, a life at breaking stone would be much more punishment for a lazy back-driver. The Pioneers held a very pleasant and interesting reunion. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Medorem Crawford; Vice President, John W.Grim; Record ing Secretary, J. Henry Brown; Cor responding Secretary, Wlllard H. Rees; Treasurer, J. M. Bacon ; Directors, Thomas Montieth, F. X. Mathieu and Joseph Watt. The reunion was financial success, the receipts more thau covering expenses. Tbe attention of delinquents is called to the bills we are sending out, and wc ask immediate response to the same. EDIT0EIAL CORRESPONDENCE. DRAR llEADEKSOF TUB NEW NORTHWEST: Last week, we believe we bade you a hasty adieu at the village of Jeffersou, where we chanced to alight on Saturday without previous appointment. Very quiet Indeed does this erewhlle active burg appear, for 'tis a pastoral village, and tbo late sunshine drives everybody abroad in tho fields and gardens, till even the anvil of tbe blacksmith is silent. Sunday morning comes on apace, and at half-past nine the children of all ages assemble at the Methodist Church to engage in the usual exercises of such occasions, tbe old-fashioned singing, superintending, and so forth, as well as tho old theology, carrying us back to tbe days of our youth till we almost fancy that we are a child again. A queer-looking little man, about the slzo of a Bantam rooster, and quite as plucky and earnest, presided over the Sunday sciiool, and regaled us all with a quaint aud enthusiastic interpretation of the Scriptural dream of the prophet who had witnessed tbe symbolic valley of dry bones Iu its process of shaking up. Aud, while it must be acknowledged that some of tbe littlo old man's con clusions were a little far-fetched, they wero decidedly original. Thero are two churches in Jefferson, but no regular service, except at loug Intervals, and tbe Sunday school wisely takes tbe place of long-winded sermons on most occa sions. After prayer meeting ou Suuday even ing, we met our goodly audience in the M. . Church, our Indian friend, Billy Sutton, acting as janitor, aud the vil lage blacksmith officiating as master of ceremonies. Our subject, "Kveryday Religion," was handled without gloves, and was graciously accorded the most profound attention. On Monday even ing we again met tlie Jeflersou public, the subject "The Centennial Year," and on Tuesday took our departure, carry ing with us the kiudly wishes of a host of frieuds both old and new. Twenty miuutes past eight, and we halt at the Comslook House iu Albany, aud are boon sleeping the sleep of the honestly weary and dreaming of tbe loved ones at home. Wednesday ushers iu commencement week In Albany, aud we are hereon time. The exercises at the college chapel are highly interesting, tho grad uating essay of Miss Anule Althouse and the valedictory address by Miss HettieMiiler being the chief attractions. These young ladies are the only gradu ates from this Institute for this year, nud we would think the whole arrange ment were simply a seminary for young ladles did wo not know that the school is open for boys as well as girls if they are wiliiug to avail themselves of its ad vantages. On the platform wero the Trustees, faculty, aud other dignitaries, to all of whom tbe valedictorian ad dressed herself in their turn, her re marks being exceedingly apt, earnest, eloquent and well-timed. Miss Hettle Miller will make her mark iu the world if she doesn't happen to miirry some Imaginary head (?) Heaven save the mark who will stand iu Ills pigmy Im portance betweeu her aud her -God- given talents, determined because be oatiHoi shine as a star of the fiist mag nitude that she eltall not beam as a ceutral sun In the galaxy of Intellect. We could not help Invoking a better fate for the beautiful girl, as we listened to her words of wisdom and remembered the mauy others like her, equally talent ed and cultivated, whose lives bavo been hidden away uuder the gloom of con jugal superiority, to repent them ever after commencement day that their highest hopes had been forever ended by matrimouy. We are sorry that such facts will crowd themselves upon us at such a time. Gladly would we hail tbe day when marriage shall not only not obscure but crown all womanhood with its owu befitting glory. Tho conjugal relation ought to be a great highway of usefuluess aud happiness. Aud, to the cud that it may become a joy nud not a sacrifice to the rising young womou who are every where crowning their coming twenties with au enlightened education, let us beseech the young men of the period to make themselves worthy, In tellectually, morally, financially and physically, of the high boon of husband hood witli which such glorious women could so fittingly endow them. But, we digress. Let tho importance of tlie topic be our fit apology. Miss Maggie Foster, the radiant, ac complished and sensible book-keeper at the Magnolia Mills, during the evening read a poem entitled tlie "Young Gray Head," in a sweet and touching man ner, that proved conclusively that active business had not hardened her woman's heart. Mrs. Weltha Sox gave . IITII It an original paper upon --niusions. About all that tbere was left for gentle men at the entertainment was the music and the dignity, thus reversing the usual order of things aud causing tlie humanitarian to wonder how all these innovations aro to end. There was some excellent singing by the Haflenden brothers. After the gradu ating exercises, the Alumni and a few Invited guests were most sumptuously entertained at the elegaut home of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Foster, a worthy couple whose abundant prosperity Is happily utilized In accordance with tbe highest Christian philanthropy. If all the rich were like them, tho millennium would soon begin to dawn. On Thursday evening the graduating class was addressed at the college chapel by Judge Strahan, In an able, logical and learned manner. In his address, the lady graduates were reminded of Socrates, Plato, Homer, the Cresars, and other poets aud statesmen aud heroes of by-gone eras, In a manner that clearly n......i i..... it,,,. .. . inu.ru uu nine uuuee tne past or present historian has taken of the great women of the earth; but the Judge ap propriately complimented the preseut age upon Its progress In advancing the nappiness, worth and well-being of fem inine humanity. We are sotry we have not spce for a synopsis of this lecture, and we should be pleased to publish Miss Miller's valodlctory in full. On both evenings the college chapel was crowded with the wit aud wisdom and fashion and respectability of Albany. Miss Mattio Foster and Miss Jennie Clark officiated os ushers, and it was refreshing to see them escort young geotiemen to appropriate places and courteously bow them Into teats. Albany beats the whole or Oregon in gettiug ahead on the woman question. This description would be incomplete if we omitted to mention a solo by Miss Nettle Piper, which called out a wilder ness of boquets aud a most enthusiastic encore. This young lady is a great fa vorite with the musical public of both Salem and Albany. Her voice is re markably pure, pleasant and pathetic, aud her control of It is surprisingly near perfect. On Friday evening a surprise party was given at the Coins lock House by a party of young folks, who presented Mrs. Edgar, the popular laudlady, with necklace and locket as a token of esteem. Tbe lady accepted the preseut iu a brief and graceful speech, in im promptu response to a neat aud appro priate address from one of the gentle manly donors. Then the dining-room was cleared, aud at eleven o'clock we dozed away into dreamland, while the crowd below us whirled iu the giddy mazes of the dance, which, by some in sane stretch of human imagination, has been uuiversally dubbed the trip of tlie light fantastic toe. Mrs. Hendershott, mother of Mrs. Edgar, had just arrived from La Grande, and it was not the dance, but her con versation, that kept the weary chron icler of these journeylugs away from dreamland till eleven o'clock. This lady is one of Oregon's heroiues, whose womanly valor will figure in the future history of the pioneers as an example worthy of the highestemulation. She is nowln tills valley for the purposeof visit ing the State Executive Department, prepared to make a final personal set tlement with the commonwealth, for deficits contracted by her husband when receiver in the laud office at Uuiontown. Tbat such a woman should be denied the right of suffrage while every igno rant or vicious man may be a law maker, is one of the' anomalies of tlie century which can never he satisfac torily explaiued. Ou Saturday evening it was our good fortune to meet a hurriedly-gathered assembly In the Court-house, which was addressed first by Mrs. Hendershott and afterwards by your correspondent. There was much iuterest manifested iu the woman question by all present, aud Jirs. Heiiuersnoti's remarks were re ceived witli special favor by tbe under signed. Suuday, and we attend, with the Fosters, the religious service of Rev. S. G. hvine in the United Presbyterian Church, where we meet not only the same preacher but very nearly the same concresation that we used to meet a half a score of years ago. The same psalms are suug by the self-same sing ers, with only a solitary voice, that death or distance has claimed, missing here and there. After service we greet a host of old-time neighbors, and In the evening, after a sermon In tlie Con gregational Church, we hold glad com munion with Colouel Thompson's inter esting family, upon whose genial faces tbe changes of life are evidently resting lightly. Morning, and we are off" to Hulsey. But before we go we take a hurried run down town, and hastily note the im provements on the business streets, and realize tlie constantly increasing pros perity of tlie beautiful capitni of the county of Linn. But this letter is long and there Is uo better place to end it than right here. A S. D. Halsey, June 16, 1S70. POLYGAMY. At a meeting of the Cabinet In Wash ington City ou June Htli, the whole Mormon question came up for discus sion, and, while no formal action was taken, yet the policy and position of tbe Administration was clearly indloated. The subject came up In connection with the petitlou for Reynolds' pardon. This petition was accompanied by a letter from Delegate Cannon, addressed to the President. Cannon says that the case of Reynolds was a test case ?et up by the Mormons themselves to test tlie constitutionality of the auti-pnlygaray laws. Reynolds himself was a volun teer defendant, put forward to represent the Mormon people. Cannou thought tbat, owing to this peculiar condi tion of facts, Reynolds, representing the whole people, should be pardoned. Devens was of the npinlou that as Rey nolds has employed every known means to break down the prosecution and to put the Government to expense in securing his ultimate conviction, be should suffer the full penalty of the law as embodied in his sentence. Suhurz aud McCrary warmly approved this view, while Sherman and Evarts were In favor of clemency. Key and Thomp son took no part In the discussion. Key favors pardou, but Thompson inclines the other way. The general policy of the Administration was also considered. Presideut Hayes desires to do what he can to uproot tho Institution of polyg amy and will do all he can to accomplish that object. Louisiana is the only State in the Union that has no Sunday law. Many of them simply protect labor. In South Carolina the statutes provide tbat all persons haviug no reasonable excuse shall resort to some religious meeting every Sunday. In many of the South ern and Western States gaming, racing, exhibitions, etc., are expressly prohib ited. We acknowledge receipt of a compli mentary ticket for the July meetiug of the Washington County Agricultural Society, to be held on the 3d and 4th proximo; HEW8ITEM8. STATE A3TD TEXSITOKIAI. The west-side r4d Is beine- pushed ahead rapidly. There were 245 inmates of the Insane Asyium on juue let. The number of eonviets remaining in the State Prison Juue 1st was 174. Christian College, at Monmonth, held its commencement exercit.es last wee:. Nearly every important town k Southern Oregon will celebrate the ' ot July. Tlie post route ht-tween McMinnvItU aud SherMuu will probably be re established. Geo. R. F. SwhIii has commenced the publication of a weekly paper, the Courant, at Cornelius. M. G. Folty, the first printer who et tvive in Orecon, died at his boms Id Gervaison the 11th Instant. The entire faculty of Willamette University, with the exception f Pro feasor Collier, have resigned. L. O. Hall, absconding clerk ot tho Loudon and Sau Francisco Bank, hae been sentenced to five years ra aan Qusntin. About one hundred Umatilla Indiana have agreed to take up land and aeitle on tlie reeervaltou, ami uiusn wiu o likewise. Lieutenant E. S. Farrow. Twsnty-flrst Infantry, has secured the twenty Uma tilla Indian ecouta authorised ror eniiM ment recently. s Heaekiah Bailey is the name est tbo man who, a few days ago at WillsUBinsY, so cruelly beat his little boy .that he could not speak. Tbe grand union temperance picnic, first proposed by the Halsey Alllaoeo, will be held at ItobTt Bridge o Wed nesday, June 25th. The State Board of Education baa adopted the Independent reader Mid speller, published by A. 8. I nrnefl Co., New York City. The minor that no profesore- are wanted at tlie Willamette University who are not connected with the Metho dist Church, is incorrect. The large mill dam at th Tola! in Reservation, W. T., was carrtsld away last week liy a sudden rise In tite-atroaro, caused by the melting of anrfw la tbe mouutaius. Tlie Presbyterian church of Seattle, W. T., was dedicated on tbe 15tb fast. Rev. Dr. Hemnhiil. of Sau Franetaeo. preached the dedicatory sermon. Tbm church is out of debt. The Territorial University of Wash ington Territory held its coramaee meut exercises on tbe afternoon of the 13th mslaut. There were forty eaueian in the graduating class. Pacific University (Forest Grow) bold its commencement exercises ou 3ara- day last. The literary exercises of tbe Associate Alumul were pronounoM vary Interesting aud instructive. The San Francisco Academy of Sciences tendered a reception to tbe ex ploring party of James Gordon Bennett's yacht Jeanuelte ou the 17lh. Tbo vea sel will probably sail on the Stth. The City Council of Seattle, "W. T., has adopted a resolution authorizing; the Mayor to visit I'ortlaud la person aud ascertain at what rate the bonds of the city of Seattle ean be negotiated. Mrs. Hiuee' little child, two yean old, fell into a well at Creswell taet week, but with remarkable eoduraaee and judgmeut held ou to the ropttaatll the mother pulled It up with tbe wiodla. The commencement exerefcwo of Wil lamette University and of tho Albany Collegiate lustitute were held last week. Ex-Senator Mitchell delivered tiie ad dress to the graduates of the former in stitution. The Spiritualists will hold a grove meeting at their grounds iu New Era, Clackamas county, Oregon, commenc ing Friday, Juue 27tb, aud extending over Sunday. A geueral iavlUrtiou i extended to the public to be prOSOBt. The west-side railroad compaay bas secured the right of way for tbo roI through Polk county, withoat being compelled to resort to litigation ill a single instance. The purchase of the right of way cost tue citizens oi inde pendence but $400. Tbe annual meetinir of the Pioneer Society of Southern Oregon was held at the Court-bouse lu JacRsonvine ou Thursday, the 5th inst. David Linu was elected 1'reeiueut. me annual re union of tbe society will beheld at Ash laud on Thursday, the 11th of Septem ber next. For brevity in description, this item will compare favorably with auy thatoue is likely to see: "A man ou Lewis River has a theory on breaking a hen from setting, and, putting it iu practice, sprinkled hot ashes ill the nest. His new barn win nanny be completed be fore harvest." Tbe Oregonian't Seattle correspond ent says: "Arrangements have been made for a grand clam bake at Blake's Island on tlie 25th I nU The people of Seattle will defray all tbe expenses of tne trip, and accept no compensation from those of their Portland friends who wish to participate." The Baptists propose to build a struct ure to serve aa a college and chapel at McMinuville. It will be built of brick, its dimensions 90x60 feet. It will have a basement, two main stories and an attic story, with a mansard roof, and is to be nulslied hy September ot next year. The estimated cost is between $15,000 and $20,000. P0KEI6H NEWS. Brown is leading in the international walking match in Loudon ; Weston, second. At Ascot on tbe 13th tbe Hardwiebes stakes was won by Clipperdale. There were ten starters. Tlie leader of tbe Annam rebellion in China still maintains Ilia fortified o sltion, but makes no further advances. Orders have been issued by theCbiuese government for the strict enforcement of the laws against the growth of Hippies and the use of opium by the official classes. Bingham, United States Minister to Japan, returned to that country May 2M. He resumed the duties of his office and was received by the Mikado ou the 27th of tlie same month. An English Parliamentary Commit tee lias reporte.1 that the electric light f,g system Is sufficiently developed to allow its being economically used for public but not for domestic purposes. Iranian won tbe race with Elliott on Monday by a doien lengths. Tlie strug gle forlwo mile was the most exeiting ever witnessed. Sporting reporters say that such a performance as that of Han lan's lias never been seeii in British waters. Grant was received with extraordi nary honors throughout China. At Shanghai he responded to an address of tbe citizens, and his remarks are Regard ed as of peculiar significance. He said be wished he had known ten years ago what he had lately learned, and that his experience in this part of the world would beof great Interestand possibly ot great use lu the future.