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The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-188?, June 19, 1879, Image 2

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THURSDAY JUNE 19, IS79.
srnciAi. NOTICE.
We will send out, during the preMnt
mnnlh, bills to delinquent In every qoar
u,r foe chaojre of Arm necessitates an Im
mediate settlement ol the same. All busl-m-m
letters pertaining to the New Nortu
wfst, and all money doe tbtsoMtee on sub
wri 'ion or otherwise, most be directed to
DTJtlWAY PCBM8H inn COMfANY.
THE OIT YELEOTIOH.
The result of the city election last
Monday was a complete surprise. Port
land was regarded as solidly Republi
can ; yet the Democrats elected five of
eight candidates for the dlflerent post
tions. The Republicans charge the
Democrats with corruption. The latter
return the compliment by asserting
that the former have never carried the
city without the lavish use of coin, and
that the result on last Monday was
achieved because the Republicans were
confident of success, and, in conse
quence, did not do tbo "effective work"
Hon. D. 1. Thompson, Mayor-oleotr-ft
is a gentleman of sound business juag
nieut and praotieal executive auilj,j
and will do Portland credit. His sinalO
majority Is attributed to the opposition
of the Portland Water Company, whose
enmity he Incurred by introducing into
the last Legislature a bill authorizing
the building of water works by the city
of Portland. With plenty of money at
their command, the company could
"loan" a live-dollar piece to every un
scrupulous voter, and slip a Democratic
ticket into his hand. The head of this
ticket Is the reputed attorney of the
company, which could expect no favor
from Mr. Thompson, who is known to
be opposed to their exorbitant charges
for water. To prove Mx. Thompson's
intelligence, it is only necessary to
state that he is a believer In woman's
right to the ballot.
Mr, E. Corbett, the Police Coniniis
Blotter, is a Democrat. That is all we
know about him.
Joseph Bacbman, the present incum
bent, was re-elected Treasurer. He is a
Democrat, and, we believe, looks with
favor on the advancement of women,
Mr. W. J. Kelly, Assessor, is a Dem
ocrat and a Catholic. Being the latter,
we fear he thinks bis wife would have
no right to estimate property values.
Rlebard Gerdes, Councilman from
the First Ward, is a saloon-keeper and
a Democrat. Doubtless if Mr. Mar
shall, instead of being a Christian gen
tleman and having earned his compe
tency on a farm In Clackamas county,
had amassed his property by ruining
the sons and brothers and husbands and
fathers of women, he could bavo gone
to the Council by a generous use of free
beer.
Dr. Nlcklln, Councilman from the
Second Ward, is a Republican and as
good a selection as could have been
made. He is a moral, intelligent gen
tleman, and is a Woman Suffragist.
J. S. Keller, Councilman from the
Third Ward for the long term, is a Dem
ocrat, and J. F. Watson, for the short
term, Is a Republican. The Council Is
In the bands of the Republicans, there
being but three Democratic members.
The election is regarded as quite a
victory for the Democracy, and the
Standard brings out a rooster which
looks as though the frost bad nipped its
comb and toes while that paper was
struggling to live through the Winter.
ONE AOT OF JDSTI0E.
The dallies of Monday mentioned the
attempted suicide, at the house of a no
torious public woman, of a girl "whose
reputation is far from being cloudless."
"We have not been able to find anything
in any of them concerning the suicide
of a former member of a prominent business-bouse,
who, accordiug to common
report, killed himself In consequence of
dissipation commenced while associat
ing with the mistress of tbo house men
tioned. We do not know why the fact
-was suppressed about bim, and tbe
-women's names given to the world,
-when lie must have been as protllgate as
they, unless because of the position and
Influence of ills relatives and frieuds.
Mayhap the deceived, degraded women
iiave no friends who will be (mined to
tee in print the story of the shame and
misdeeds of tbe fallen girls no, tbat
cannot be, for we are loformed by these
"independent" journals that the would
be suicide's people are "very respecta
ble." It Is more likely that, being de
graded women, they were possessed of
no means of keeping the facts out of tbe
papers ; had no influential friends to
visit the newspapor offices and, either
by personal friendship with tho editors
nr hv the use of coin, keep from tbe
knowledge of tho world tbe suicide.
We do not object to keeping the foot of
a person's suicide from the public ; we
rather approve of It, for people, con
stantly seeing the record of self-destruction,
are accustomed to rogard it with
less and less horror, until It appears an
easy method of escape from burdensome
trials and annoyances. But we do ob
ject to the publication of the suicidal at
tempts or women, either good or bad,
while their male associates are screened
from the public in the commission of
the same crime. The Sunday Welcome
mentioned tbe suicide tbe other papers
suppressed, and commented severely on
the action or the daily papers. We
thank that paper for this one little act
of justice to women.
It appears as though Portland will
have nothing to say in the selection of
the harbor of refuge, nor Oregon, for
tbat matter. Jhe captains of the little
coasting schooners that ply along the
upper portion of California will deter
mine the location, probably Trinidad,
as tbey cannot afford the loss of a few
tons of potatoes when nothing but
human lives and valuable property are
at stake off the Oregon coast.
THE OHAUQE INJEIGHT YEAES.
The meeting at Good Templars' Hall
last Friday evening In commemoration
of the services of the late William Lloyd
Garrison in the cause of human free
dom was the occasion of bringing out
liberal expressions from every one who
addressed the meetinir. Mrs. Dr.
Thomnson. ATngsrs. Geo. 1. Rilov. Isaac
nt..m n t -v..,.. -...I 17 v. iTinkn l
nM. m',l hnrt .nopfth. Not one of
them allowed the opportunity to pass to
pronouuee In favor of the political
,,,lit r nman before the law. B.
1 -J w. ... I
L.Norden,ourpresentSueriu, majetne uu luereuy Knu uuutuuim, ciu,mu
clalm that be was one of the very first meut to the masses who are dependent
who nronosed aud carried on the fight
in California for the admission of col-
ored children to the public schools, and
several gentlemen testified to the truth
of the assertion. He is none the less a
believer In human freedom to-day, and
ls as earnestly In favor of according the
richt of suffrage to women. Mr.
Blum's remarks occasioned some sur-lan
prise, for the Jews are generally consid-
ered as opposed to any advancement in
the condition of women. We wish to
Say right hero that we know of no class
or people In whish a larger percentage
fere In favor of according women equal
Lrlebts with men in all things. That the
Jews keep to themselves and do not al
low their daughters to associate Willi
Christians, Is true; but that, iu other
respects, they are less liberal, we deny.
We can readily name a score of repre-
eentatlve Hebrews in this city who con-
aider their mothers, wives and daughters
ennallv na IntMlliront as themselves, and
as well Qualified to fulfill all the duties
of citizenship. This once persecuted
people fullv appreciate the enjoyment
of civil, political and secular liberty.
Mr. Geo. P. Riley, the colored orator,
delivered an address of unusual bril
liance. and championed the cause of
Woman Suffrage. His race have full
knowledge of the practical beuefits con-
ferred by the suffrage, and are honest
enouph to aoknowledce the value of no-
litical nowor. It were strange indeed
should this people oppose a measure of
such plain JubIIcc Each of the other
speakers was as outspoken In belief in
the absolute right of Woman Suffrage,
Ex-Senator Mitchell and Mrs. Abigail
Scott Dunlway were unable to attend
the meeting. Below will be found Mr.
Mitchell's letter In reply to tbo Invlta
tion to be present and participate in the
ceremonies :
ltoRTLASD, Or., June 12, 17.
Mr. President and Gentlemen: I ex
eeedtnely regret that a previous encasement
to address the graduating daw at 'Willamette
University prevent me Irom being present at
your meeting In honor of the memory of that
great friend of liberty and human right, the
late William Lloyd Garrison. Perhaps no
name In American liltory stands oat In bolder
characters as an exponent of human freedom
and equality of human right than does his
Unlike many other whose names and fame
f became eonspteuous upon these great ques
tions though come sudden turn In the wheel of
fortune, or by reason of some extraordinary
occasion, the monument which be reared to
himself ao-ttie bold defender oi the Inalienable
rights of man, and which shall perpetuate his
memory through the coming ages, wa the
work oi a lifetime. Prom the days of his boy
hood, when his fragile k Bees trembled under
the weight of the lap-stone of the shoemaker,
until the day of his death, his life was devoted
to the cause of human liberty. The world
renowned struggle of the Greeks for freedom
was the source whence sprang the Inspiration
that Impelled him forward to deed of manly
dating In behalfof the down-trodden people of
ute colored race; and a an able, conscientious
advocate of emancipation he had no superior.
and but few If any equals. And In support
thi assertion hi. record a. exemplified In
hls many publications is Incontrovertible. Of
these may be mentioned his "Free Press," pub-
llebed In 18M; the ".National inuaninropisi,"
in lkf. which, by the way, was tbe first Journal
KuJtetheeauseof total
the -Journal of the Times." pub-
lished at Bennington, Vermont, In 1SJ8, de-
voted to "Peace, Temperance, anit hiavery,
and other Reform;" the-ueniusoiLniveiwtii
182 and'SO.andlnwhlch-ln a slave-holding
city he boldly uenounoeu tneiaxingoi argo
ol slaves lrom Baltimore to Louisiana asan act
to "cover thick with infamy" thoe engaged In
it, and for which he was convicted of libel.
fined SS9, and In default of payment Impris
oned In a murderer's cell forty-nine days; the
"Ulieralor," the first number of whleli was
mihiished In Boston January 1st. mi, tne
motto ol which was, "My country Is the world,
,nr countrymen are all mankind," In which
be declared. In treating upon the subject ol
emancipation: "I am In earnest. I will not
equivocate; I will not excuse; Iwlllnot retreat
single Inch, and I win be nearu." ror nis
course In the columns of the "Uberator," he
was hnnled down by the slavery propagandist
of the country. North and South. Hie Mayor
of Uotton, Harrison Gray Otis, on being ap
pealed to by a Southern magistrate to suppress
it rent led. "I have ferreted out tne paper anu
H editor, whose office is an obscure hole, bis
onlrvunbte auxiliary a negro boy, his sup
porters very lew inslgnlfleaJit rrMns of all
-- it- ikiMiMuri villi AssasAlna- l
nu ibiiature of Georgia offered a
reward oft for bis arrest, trial and convlc-
I ton. Xosfcrnf -taanieci, he in the spring oi
IIK. hi conjunction with others, organized tbe
XewBoelnnd Anil-Slavery Society, and went
so Eaurioad as lu agent. Ills persecution In
the years thai followed, lili lectures, his refusal
to take a seat la the "World's Anti-Slavery
Convention," bM In London In 1SN, because
the lady delegates from the United State were
excluded, and bis labors In the cause of uni
versal liberty, all na tiring, render It exceed
ingly appropriate tbat tlie colored race espe
cially, and the friends of liberty of every race
and color In this and all lands, should do
honor to his memory; and In that regard, I,
with yon now, In this manner, most cordially
Join with this wont of tribute.
Very respectfully.
JoUN II. MlTCHEM.
Appropriate resolutions were adopted
In commendation of his life and Invalu-
7, , "!. . r. v n ,Mllnn
aoio services.
interesting sketch of the great agitator.
iuls meeting is out oue oi iuc umuj
... ' ,i,f ih. feline
against Woman Suffrage Is giving away
before the light of reason. Eight years
ago, when tbo New Northwest was
started, the same gentlemen who pro-
nounced in IU favor on last Friday
evening would not have dared to so ex
press themselves, even had they then
held that belief. It would have been
oi tuem. We hone and hMl ihr
part of this change in public sentlmpnt.
has been due to the earnpstnaa. on,i tr,.
Ilancewltb which this journal has ad-
vocated woman's right to the suffrage,
and shall take new courage for tho pros-
ecuiiou oi me worK.
THE FINANCIAL OUTLOOK.
On every band the cry of hard times
has become not only a household word,
but a street-meeting exolamation.
There is very llttlo money iu circula
tion, aud the farmers, upon whose pros
perity rests tbo whole superstructure of
human Interests, are anticipating light
crops and lighter prices. In this cmer
ccticv It- necomes necessary ior me
poorer classes to enforce the roost rigid
economy. But, unhoppily for the good
oi tue worKiug classes, w.ose ..o ur
well able to Increaso theirexpeuditures,
, ., .... .t 111 I
upon tnetruaiiy wages ior uatiy ureau,
are among the very first to Bcrirap and
oko and economize. Women who have
hitherto been accustomed to patronizing
tue launury woman, milliner or dress
maker quite liberally, and whose clr-
cumstances would justify an increase iu
household service, become afllicted with
imaginary phase of the hard-times
mania, and are for the first time iu
years tueir own servants, inetr econ
omy forthwith becomes the fashion
Husbands encourago It, uewspapers
iauu puipus applaud it. auu
wealthy men, catching the contagion of
retrenchment, resolve to dismiss clerks,
bookkcepers and errand boys, thereby
throwing out of employment a vast
number of the consuming classes of
both sexes. These persons, who have
rents to pay, wood bills to meet, water
rates to seme, ury goous anu grocery
supplies to sustain, become, of course,
unable to pay llieir bills, me mer-
chants or contractors, growing still
further alarmed, turn another screw of
retrencumeui uere anu mere, auu only
succeed in Increasing the evils they
would avoid
The remedy for hard times must be
gin first with the farmers. Let them
avoid all sorts of obligations with the
merchants as far as possible till their
prouueo is iiarvesteu ana reauy ior mar-
Ket- -exl ' rneoliaules, artisans and
laoorers oi every description adopt a
less expeuslvo style of drew and living,
Let them get a few roods of ground on
the co-operative plan, aud niauoge that
me sums uituerio pain out in rents snail
go toward paying for their little homes.
Then, let the wealthier classes make
times better, as they can well afford to
do, by Increasing their force of hired
help. Let now houses be erected, new
fences bo built, new fields lie cleared,
new farms be made. Let what money
thero is Iu the country be kept in circu
lation, rather than hoarded away in
bankers' vaults, where, it oau do no good
to anybody. Let all the small indus
tries of the country be kept In active
operation. Let every man and every
woman, who Is able to do so, patronize
tbe various industries of the worthy aud
struggling poor. We never turn away
a glazier, broom-veuder, boap-peddler,
book-seller, or especially any resolute
woman who offers any sort of wares for
sale, without an inward pang ; for we
well know that nobody will follow such
au occupation from choice. It is a mis
taken idea to turn a vender of any sort
of staple merchaudlse from the door,
and then bestow an alms upon the next
applicant. Yet there are mauy well-
meaning men and women who will re
fuse to buy a broom or brush or dipper
or dustpan from the person who has dil
irently made it. and then timidly offers
,, , , , ..,.., tln, i1Mf!,, , l.-.
1 '
"tow a half dollar upon tho same appli-
I cant if he should ask it as a charity
Tho financial outlook under these con
UlioQS u not pleasant. The process of
'
Property consolidation Is going on so
rapidly that In less than fifty years, if
gome great revolution does not occur to
prevent tie cortstaut accumulation of
,,,, ,.., -,,, ,,r
domain of tho United States will be
t owned in ice simple uy au aiistocratic
folV l0 wl)om a lIle masses of tho peo
ple will be compelled to pay tribute as
serfs. It is true that America is exempt
from tlie law of entailment of estates
which has become such a curse to the
masses iu England ; but she is not free
from tbe fallacy of perpetually accumu
lating compound interest. Kvensimple
Interest Is a canker worm which gnaws
continually at the vitals of every occu
patiou that harbors it. What, then,
shall wc say of compound Interest,
which, like the boa constrictor, encircles
Us victim with a death grip, aud, after
keeping him iu more than mortal agony
for a Bcason, closes tiie final act iu the
great tragedy by swallowing his entire
substance whole? The man who will
. . f
these hard times and release his debtor
from "the fangs of interest Is a public
and private benefactor, who deserves,
and will doubtless get, a higher seat iu
the great Hereafter thau any usurer uu
der the sun.
Mayor Newbury occupied the chair
last evening for the last. time at tho
meeting of the Common Council. He
has been honest and capable, and has
filled the office to the satisfaction of a
great majority of eitizens. His remarks
on retiring from the chair wero appro
priate. The Council testified to his
efficiency aud ability by the adoption
of highly complimentary resolutions.
The Oregon jus ly say. his name s
worthily placed lu the list of honorable
, . ,,,.,, ,i m r r..-
- "" . "
.... -,r -v i t
adopted thanking Messrs. Noah Lam
bert, V. xl. Aourus nuu Anus. oiccuj,
the three retiring Councilmen, for er
vices rendered during the past three
years,
The Worklngmen of San Francisco
have nominated Rev. I. S. Kalloch, of
the Metropolitan Baptist Church, for
"tl,u"'"'' v"'" "
Amnnf the officers elected by the
GrandLodeoofGoodTemplaraotSalem
we notice Mrs. C. A. Coburn, as Grand
Secretary, wbo'wlll fill tho position
I with credit.
THE TEUTH TOLD IOR ONOB.
Mr. Frauk Pixley, editor of the San
Francisco Atgonaut, who visited Oregon
a couple of weeks since, appears to have
been well pleased with his visit, and has
the fairness to candidly express his
opinions of this section of the great
Northwest, Ho says ho had "no Idea,
until he saw It, that tbo Columbia was
tho graudest and most picturesque of all
the great rivers of tho world; that it
had scenery upon its banks in compari
son with which the Hudson and tbe
Rhine sink into utter Insignificance :
that It and its tributaries penetrate a
land which for food producing capacity
has no equal on all God's five broad
continents. Oregon Is a wonderful
State, and tried by what seems to us to
be the true test of a land's real wealth
and ultimate greatness viz., its power
to produce food It has no superior iu
the world." He describes Astoria as
the "Venice of tbe north, built into the
waters of tbe Columbia, standing upon
piles wooden houses upon wooden
sticks so constructed, for no other rea
son that wo could observe, than that it
is cheaper to drive plies and build upon
them than to grade a somewhat hilly
and uncomfortable background. Asto
ria Is a city of patient hopes and great
expectations ; located on the banks of
tlie great river, It expectantly awaits
tbe good time coming when it shall
realize its geographical advantages aud
reap the harvest of an expanding com
merce." Ho writes as follows concern
lug Portland: "It Is a city of twenty
thousand inhabitants good Inhabit
ants, that go to church, don't gamble in
stocks, are a little slow and poky, but
always sure and content with a steady,
healthful, honest progress. Thero are
more commercial buildings now Iu
process of erection at Portland than at
San Francisco." That ho appreciated
the Willamette Valley, is evidenced by
the following: "We visited Albany,
eighty-four miles up the valley of the
Willamette, by rail a rich and pro
ductive valley of farms and orchards,
forests, and partial clearings and uatu
ral prairies; a valley from thirty to
sixty miles wide, containing 6,000,000 of
acres covered with groves, grasses, wood,
aud copse, and every acre of which is
fertile and productive. The Willamette
Is navigable an hundred miles or more,
except at Oregon City, where locks are
provided around a waterfall a fall
which gives power to make a great
manufacturing city." In his closing
paragraph, judgment is pronounced lu
favor of Oregon and Washington, and
against California, iu these words
'Oregon is a better State than Califor
nia ; it has .1 better and more promising
future. Unless tho city of San Fran
Cisco looks to itself, there will spring up
somewhere upon Puget Souud a great
commercial emporium that shall chal
lenge, with us the commercial suprem
ncy of tue coast. Oregon will, In no
listant time, outnumber us iu popula
tion. Washington Territory is an em
pire In aud of itself."
Oregon has had few visitors from Cal
ifornia with sufficient honesty to tell
the truth. Mr. Pixley's article will un
settle, the belief among Oregonians that
It is natural forCnlifornians to He about
this land of Webfoot.
A HELP-MEET.
Mrs. T. H. Brents, of Walla Walla,
tbe able and amiable wife of Washing
ton Territory's Congressional Represen
tative, has recently been visitlug friends
In Portland and Oregon City. Mrs. B.
manages all of her husband's business
during his abseuce, receives aud loans
money, gets all of his public telegrams,
auswers ofllelal letters, etc,, etc.. aud
fulfills all of these duties In a manner so
womanly and pleasing as to command
the universal respect of gentlemen. Of
course, a lady who Is capable of filling
so important a position has sense enough
to know that she wants the right of suf
frage. We learn that she will spend the
coming Winter In Washington.
GOOD.
The Oakland Tribune has the follow
ing:
Mr. A. MeCann, who refused to go to the
Police Court this morntHg and testify against
tier husband for hln beastly treatment of her,
aner sue had made a complaint against him,
was nnedtU a a defaulting witness.
If all women who screen brutality
and eucourago tyranny would be dealt
with in this mauner, and iu default of
payment be sent up for a number of
days, it might teach them a salutary
lesson. - At all events, we believe in
giving women who are so fond of hug
ging their chains plenty to do.
i
Although opposed to capital punish
ment, we find a case that almost con
verts us to tue idea. James liowian, a
hack-driver of San Francisco, shot and
killed his wife, Nellie, on the 17th, be
cause she could not live with him on ac
count of his brutality. The dying state
ment of tho murdered wife was, "He
came in like a brute and shot me." He
said to the officer while ou the way to
the prison : "She was my wife, and I
bad a right to shoot her. I had ought
to have shot her long ago." Really,
hanging appears too good for the slave
master. However, a life at breaking
stone would be much more punishment
for a lazy back-driver.
The Pioneers held a very pleasant and
interesting reunion. The following
officers were elected for the ensuing
year: President, Medorem Crawford;
Vice President, John W.Grim; Record
ing Secretary, J. Henry Brown; Cor
responding Secretary, Wlllard H. Rees;
Treasurer, J. M. Bacon ; Directors,
Thomas Montieth, F. X. Mathieu and
Joseph Watt. The reunion was
financial success, the receipts more thau
covering expenses.
Tbe attention of delinquents is called
to the bills we are sending out, and wc
ask immediate response to the same.
EDIT0EIAL CORRESPONDENCE.
DRAR llEADEKSOF TUB NEW NORTHWEST:
Last week, we believe we bade you a
hasty adieu at the village of Jeffersou,
where we chanced to alight on Saturday
without previous appointment. Very
quiet Indeed does this erewhlle active
burg appear, for 'tis a pastoral village,
and tbo late sunshine drives everybody
abroad in tho fields and gardens, till
even the anvil of tbe blacksmith is
silent. Sunday morning comes on
apace, and at half-past nine the children
of all ages assemble at the Methodist
Church to engage in the usual exercises
of such occasions, tbe old-fashioned
singing, superintending, and so forth,
as well as tho old theology, carrying us
back to tbe days of our youth till we
almost fancy that we are a child again.
A queer-looking little man, about the
slzo of a Bantam rooster, and quite as
plucky and earnest, presided over the
Sunday sciiool, and regaled us all with
a quaint aud enthusiastic interpretation
of the Scriptural dream of the prophet
who had witnessed tbe symbolic valley
of dry bones Iu its process of shaking up.
Aud, while it must be acknowledged
that some of tbe littlo old man's con
clusions were a little far-fetched, they
wero decidedly original. Thero are two
churches in Jefferson, but no regular
service, except at loug Intervals, and
tbe Sunday school wisely takes tbe place
of long-winded sermons on most occa
sions.
After prayer meeting ou Suuday even
ing, we met our goodly audience in the
M. . Church, our Indian friend, Billy
Sutton, acting as janitor, aud the vil
lage blacksmith officiating as master of
ceremonies. Our subject, "Kveryday
Religion," was handled without gloves,
and was graciously accorded the most
profound attention. On Monday even
ing we again met tlie Jeflersou public,
the subject "The Centennial Year," and
on Tuesday took our departure, carry
ing with us the kiudly wishes of a host
of frieuds both old and new.
Twenty miuutes past eight, and we
halt at the Comslook House iu Albany,
aud are boon sleeping the sleep of the
honestly weary and dreaming of tbe
loved ones at home.
Wednesday ushers iu commencement
week In Albany, aud we are hereon
time. The exercises at the college
chapel are highly interesting, tho grad
uating essay of Miss Anule Althouse
and the valedictory address by Miss
HettieMiiler being the chief attractions.
These young ladies are the only gradu
ates from this Institute for this year,
nud we would think the whole arrange
ment were simply a seminary for young
ladles did wo not know that the school
is open for boys as well as girls if they
are wiliiug to avail themselves of its ad
vantages. On the platform wero the
Trustees, faculty, aud other dignitaries,
to all of whom tbe valedictorian ad
dressed herself in their turn, her re
marks being exceedingly apt, earnest,
eloquent and well-timed. Miss Hettle
Miller will make her mark iu the world
if she doesn't happen to miirry some
Imaginary head (?) Heaven save the
mark who will stand iu Ills pigmy Im
portance betweeu her aud her -God-
given talents, determined because be
oatiHoi shine as a star of the fiist mag
nitude that she eltall not beam as a
ceutral sun In the galaxy of Intellect.
We could not help Invoking a better
fate for the beautiful girl, as we listened
to her words of wisdom and remembered
the mauy others like her, equally talent
ed and cultivated, whose lives bavo been
hidden away uuder the gloom of con
jugal superiority, to repent them ever
after commencement day that their
highest hopes had been forever ended
by matrimouy. We are sorry that such
facts will crowd themselves upon us at
such a time. Gladly would we hail tbe
day when marriage shall not only not
obscure but crown all womanhood with
its owu befitting glory. Tho conjugal
relation ought to be a great highway of
usefuluess aud happiness. Aud, to the
cud that it may become a joy nud not a
sacrifice to the rising young womou who
are every where crowning their coming
twenties with au enlightened education,
let us beseech the young men of the
period to make themselves worthy, In
tellectually, morally, financially and
physically, of the high boon of husband
hood witli which such glorious women
could so fittingly endow them. But,
we digress. Let tho importance of tlie
topic be our fit apology.
Miss Maggie Foster, the radiant, ac
complished and sensible book-keeper at
the Magnolia Mills, during the evening
read a poem entitled tlie "Young Gray
Head," in a sweet and touching man
ner, that proved conclusively that
active business had not hardened her
woman's heart. Mrs. Weltha Sox gave
. IITII It
an original paper upon --niusions.
About all that tbere was left for gentle
men at the entertainment was the
music and the dignity, thus reversing
the usual order of things aud causing
tlie humanitarian to wonder how all
these innovations aro to end. There
was some excellent singing by the
Haflenden brothers. After the gradu
ating exercises, the Alumni and a few
Invited guests were most sumptuously
entertained at the elegaut home of Mr.
and Mrs. J. H. Foster, a worthy couple
whose abundant prosperity Is happily
utilized In accordance with tbe highest
Christian philanthropy. If all the rich
were like them, tho millennium would
soon begin to dawn.
On Thursday evening the graduating
class was addressed at the college chapel
by Judge Strahan, In an able, logical
and learned manner. In his address,
the lady graduates were reminded of
Socrates, Plato, Homer, the Cresars, and
other poets aud statesmen aud heroes of
by-gone eras, In a manner that clearly
n......i i..... it,,,. .. .
inu.ru uu nine uuuee tne past or
present historian has taken of the great
women of the earth; but the Judge ap
propriately complimented the preseut
age upon Its progress In advancing the
nappiness, worth and well-being of fem
inine humanity. We are sotry we have
not spce for a synopsis of this lecture,
and we should be pleased to publish
Miss Miller's valodlctory in full. On
both evenings the college chapel was
crowded with the wit aud wisdom and
fashion and respectability of Albany.
Miss Mattio Foster and Miss Jennie
Clark officiated os ushers, and it was
refreshing to see them escort young
geotiemen to appropriate places and
courteously bow them Into teats.
Albany beats the whole or Oregon in
gettiug ahead on the woman question.
This description would be incomplete
if we omitted to mention a solo by Miss
Nettle Piper, which called out a wilder
ness of boquets aud a most enthusiastic
encore. This young lady is a great fa
vorite with the musical public of both
Salem and Albany. Her voice is re
markably pure, pleasant and pathetic,
aud her control of It is surprisingly near
perfect.
On Friday evening a surprise party
was given at the Coins lock House by a
party of young folks, who presented
Mrs. Edgar, the popular laudlady, with
necklace and locket as a token of
esteem. Tbe lady accepted the preseut
iu a brief and graceful speech, in im
promptu response to a neat aud appro
priate address from one of the gentle
manly donors. Then the dining-room
was cleared, aud at eleven o'clock we
dozed away into dreamland, while the
crowd below us whirled iu the giddy
mazes of the dance, which, by some in
sane stretch of human imagination, has
been uuiversally dubbed the trip of tlie
light fantastic toe.
Mrs. Hendershott, mother of Mrs.
Edgar, had just arrived from La Grande,
and it was not the dance, but her con
versation, that kept the weary chron
icler of these journeylugs away from
dreamland till eleven o'clock. This
lady is one of Oregon's heroiues, whose
womanly valor will figure in the future
history of the pioneers as an example
worthy of the highestemulation. She is
nowln tills valley for the purposeof visit
ing the State Executive Department,
prepared to make a final personal set
tlement with the commonwealth, for
deficits contracted by her husband when
receiver in the laud office at Uuiontown.
Tbat such a woman should be denied
the right of suffrage while every igno
rant or vicious man may be a law
maker, is one of the' anomalies of tlie
century which can never he satisfac
torily explaiued.
Ou Saturday evening it was our good
fortune to meet a hurriedly-gathered
assembly In the Court-house, which
was addressed first by Mrs. Hendershott
and afterwards by your correspondent.
There was much iuterest manifested iu
the woman question by all present, aud
Jirs. Heiiuersnoti's remarks were re
ceived witli special favor by tbe under
signed. Suuday, and we attend, with
the Fosters, the religious service of Rev.
S. G. hvine in the United Presbyterian
Church, where we meet not only the
same preacher but very nearly the same
concresation that we used to meet a
half a score of years ago. The same
psalms are suug by the self-same sing
ers, with only a solitary voice, that
death or distance has claimed, missing
here and there. After service we greet
a host of old-time neighbors, and In
the evening, after a sermon In tlie Con
gregational Church, we hold glad com
munion with Colouel Thompson's inter
esting family, upon whose genial faces
tbe changes of life are evidently resting
lightly.
Morning, and we are off" to Hulsey.
But before we go we take a hurried run
down town, and hastily note the im
provements on the business streets, and
realize tlie constantly increasing pros
perity of tlie beautiful capitni of the
county of Linn. But this letter is long
and there Is uo better place to end it
than right here. A S. D.
Halsey, June 16, 1S70.
POLYGAMY.
At a meeting of the Cabinet In Wash
ington City ou June Htli, the whole
Mormon question came up for discus
sion, and, while no formal action was
taken, yet the policy and position of tbe
Administration was clearly indloated.
The subject came up In connection with
the petitlou for Reynolds' pardon. This
petition was accompanied by a letter
from Delegate Cannon, addressed to the
President. Cannon says that the case
of Reynolds was a test case ?et up by
the Mormons themselves to test tlie
constitutionality of the auti-pnlygaray
laws. Reynolds himself was a volun
teer defendant, put forward to represent
the Mormon people. Cannou thought
tbat, owing to this peculiar condi
tion of facts, Reynolds, representing the
whole people, should be pardoned.
Devens was of the npinlou that as Rey
nolds has employed every known means
to break down the prosecution and to
put the Government to expense in
securing his ultimate conviction, be
should suffer the full penalty of the law
as embodied in his sentence. Suhurz
aud McCrary warmly approved this
view, while Sherman and Evarts were
In favor of clemency. Key and Thomp
son took no part In the discussion. Key
favors pardou, but Thompson inclines
the other way. The general policy of
the Administration was also considered.
Presideut Hayes desires to do what he
can to uproot tho Institution of polyg
amy and will do all he can to accomplish
that object.
Louisiana is the only State in the
Union that has no Sunday law. Many
of them simply protect labor. In South
Carolina the statutes provide tbat all
persons haviug no reasonable excuse
shall resort to some religious meeting
every Sunday. In many of the South
ern and Western States gaming, racing,
exhibitions, etc., are expressly prohib
ited. We acknowledge receipt of a compli
mentary ticket for the July meetiug of
the Washington County Agricultural
Society, to be held on the 3d and 4th
proximo;
HEW8ITEM8.
STATE A3TD TEXSITOKIAI.
The west-side r4d Is beine- pushed
ahead rapidly.
There were 245 inmates of the Insane
Asyium on juue let.
The number of eonviets remaining in
the State Prison Juue 1st was 174.
Christian College, at Monmonth, held
its commencement exercit.es last wee:.
Nearly every important town k
Southern Oregon will celebrate the '
ot July.
Tlie post route ht-tween McMinnvItU
aud SherMuu will probably be re
established. Geo. R. F. SwhIii has commenced the
publication of a weekly paper, the
Courant, at Cornelius.
M. G. Folty, the first printer who et
tvive in Orecon, died at his boms Id
Gervaison the 11th Instant.
The entire faculty of Willamette
University, with the exception f Pro
feasor Collier, have resigned.
L. O. Hall, absconding clerk ot tho
Loudon and Sau Francisco Bank, hae
been sentenced to five years ra aan
Qusntin.
About one hundred Umatilla Indiana
have agreed to take up land and aeitle
on tlie reeervaltou, ami uiusn wiu o
likewise.
Lieutenant E. S. Farrow. Twsnty-flrst
Infantry, has secured the twenty Uma
tilla Indian ecouta authorised ror eniiM
ment recently. s
Heaekiah Bailey is the name est tbo
man who, a few days ago at WillsUBinsY,
so cruelly beat his little boy .that he
could not speak.
Tbe grand union temperance picnic,
first proposed by the Halsey Alllaoeo,
will be held at ItobTt Bridge o Wed
nesday, June 25th.
The State Board of Education baa
adopted the Independent reader Mid
speller, published by A. 8. I nrnefl
Co., New York City.
The minor that no profesore- are
wanted at tlie Willamette University
who are not connected with the Metho
dist Church, is incorrect.
The large mill dam at th Tola! in
Reservation, W. T., was carrtsld away
last week liy a sudden rise In tite-atroaro,
caused by the melting of anrfw la tbe
mouutaius.
Tlie Presbyterian church of Seattle,
W. T., was dedicated on tbe 15tb fast.
Rev. Dr. Hemnhiil. of Sau Franetaeo.
preached the dedicatory sermon. Tbm
church is out of debt.
The Territorial University of Wash
ington Territory held its coramaee
meut exercises on tbe afternoon of the
13th mslaut. There were forty eaueian
in the graduating class.
Pacific University (Forest Grow) bold
its commencement exercises ou 3ara-
day last. The literary exercises of tbe
Associate Alumul were pronounoM vary
Interesting aud instructive.
The San Francisco Academy of
Sciences tendered a reception to tbe ex
ploring party of James Gordon Bennett's
yacht Jeanuelte ou the 17lh. Tbo vea
sel will probably sail on the Stth.
The City Council of Seattle, "W. T.,
has adopted a resolution authorizing;
the Mayor to visit I'ortlaud la person
aud ascertain at what rate the bonds of
the city of Seattle ean be negotiated.
Mrs. Hiuee' little child, two yean old,
fell into a well at Creswell taet week,
but with remarkable eoduraaee and
judgmeut held ou to the ropttaatll the
mother pulled It up with tbe wiodla.
The commencement exerefcwo of Wil
lamette University and of tho Albany
Collegiate lustitute were held last week.
Ex-Senator Mitchell delivered tiie ad
dress to the graduates of the former in
stitution. The Spiritualists will hold a grove
meeting at their grounds iu New Era,
Clackamas county, Oregon, commenc
ing Friday, Juue 27tb, aud extending
over Sunday. A geueral iavlUrtiou i
extended to the public to be prOSOBt.
The west-side railroad compaay bas
secured the right of way for tbo roI
through Polk county, withoat being
compelled to resort to litigation ill a
single instance. The purchase of the
right of way cost tue citizens oi inde
pendence but $400.
Tbe annual meetinir of the Pioneer
Society of Southern Oregon was held at
the Court-bouse lu JacRsonvine ou
Thursday, the 5th inst. David Linu
was elected 1'reeiueut. me annual re
union of tbe society will beheld at Ash
laud on Thursday, the 11th of Septem
ber next.
For brevity in description, this item
will compare favorably with auy thatoue
is likely to see: "A man ou Lewis River
has a theory on breaking a hen from
setting, and, putting it iu practice,
sprinkled hot ashes ill the nest. His
new barn win nanny be completed be
fore harvest."
Tbe Oregonian't Seattle correspond
ent says: "Arrangements have been
made for a grand clam bake at Blake's
Island on tlie 25th I nU The people of
Seattle will defray all tbe expenses of
tne trip, and accept no compensation
from those of their Portland friends who
wish to participate."
The Baptists propose to build a struct
ure to serve aa a college and chapel at
McMinuville. It will be built of brick,
its dimensions 90x60 feet. It will have
a basement, two main stories and an
attic story, with a mansard roof, and is
to be nulslied hy September ot next
year. The estimated cost is between
$15,000 and $20,000.
P0KEI6H NEWS.
Brown is leading in the international
walking match in Loudon ; Weston,
second.
At Ascot on tbe 13th tbe Hardwiebes
stakes was won by Clipperdale. There
were ten starters.
Tlie leader of tbe Annam rebellion in
China still maintains Ilia fortified o
sltion, but makes no further advances.
Orders have been issued by theCbiuese
government for the strict enforcement
of the laws against the growth of Hippies
and the use of opium by the official
classes.
Bingham, United States Minister to
Japan, returned to that country May
2M. He resumed the duties of his
office and was received by the Mikado
ou the 27th of tlie same month.
An English Parliamentary Commit
tee lias reporte.1 that the electric light
f,g system Is sufficiently developed to
allow its being economically used for
public but not for domestic purposes.
Iranian won tbe race with Elliott on
Monday by a doien lengths. Tlie strug
gle forlwo mile was the most exeiting
ever witnessed. Sporting reporters say
that such a performance as that of Han
lan's lias never been seeii in British
waters.
Grant was received with extraordi
nary honors throughout China. At
Shanghai he responded to an address of
tbe citizens, and his remarks are Regard
ed as of peculiar significance. He said
be wished he had known ten years ago
what he had lately learned, and that
his experience in this part of the world
would beof great Interestand possibly ot
great use lu the future.

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